# Stats: Modeling the World - Bock, Velleman, & DeVeaux

Chapter 26: Comparing Counts
Key Vocabulary:
! ! ! ! chi-square test for goodness of fit chi-square statistic expected count observed count ! ! ! ! ! degrees of freedom chi-square distribution components of chi-square cell counts r x c table

Calculator Skills:

! ! ! !

sum ( ) !2cdf (leftbound, rightbound, df) !2pdf (X, df) !2-Test

1. State the null and alternative hypotheses for a goodness of fit test.

2. What conditions must be met in order to use a goodness of fit test?

3. What is the chi-square statistic?

4. What is the difference between the notation X2 and !2?
Chapter 26: Comparing Counts

Stats: Modeling the World - Bock, Velleman, & DeVeaux

5. How many degrees of freedom does the chi-square distribution have? 6. As the chi-square statistic increases, what happens to the P-value?

7. In order to reject the null hypothesis, what will be true about the chi-square statistic?

8. Describe the domain of a chi-square distribution?

9. What is the shape of a chi-square distribution? What happens to the shape as the degrees of freedom increases?

10. Explain the difference between a chi-square test for goodness-of-fit and a chi-square test of homogeneity.

11. State the null and alternative hypotheses for comparing more than two proportions.

12. How do you calculate the expected count in any cell of a two-way table when the null hypothesis is true?

Chapter 26: Comparing Counts

Stats: Modeling the World - Bock, Velleman, & DeVeaux

13. How many degrees of freedom does a chi-square test for a two-way table with r rows and c columns have?

14. If you decide to reject the null hypothesis when performing a chi-square test of homogeneity, it is necessary to follow up by examining the residuals of the components. Explain how to standardize the residuals for the components of the chi-square test.

15. What would you look for when interpreting these standardized residuals?

16. State the null and alternative hypotheses for a chi-square test for independence.

17. Explain the difference between a chi-square test of homogeneity and a chi-square test for independence (think about the hypotheses for each).

Chapter 26: Comparing Counts

Stats: Modeling the World - Bock, Velleman, & DeVeaux

Chapter 27: Inferences for Regression
Key Vocabulary:
! ! true regression line standard error about the line ! ! degrees of freedom prediction interval

Calculator Skills:

!

LinRegTTest

1. What is the equation for the idealized regression line? Label each part of the equation.

2. What is the equation for the least-squares regression line? Label each part of the equation.

3. What are the four assumptions and conditions that must be met in order to perform inference for regression? Explain how to check each one.

4. What three aspects of the scatterplot affect the standard error of the regression slope?

Chapter 27: Inferences for Regression

Stats: Modeling the World - Bock, Velleman, & DeVeaux

5. If there is no association between two variables, what should be the value of the slope of the regression line?

6. When performing inference on the regression slope, what are the null and alternative hypotheses?

7. How many degrees of freedom does the standardized extimated regression slope have?

8. What is the formula for constructing a confidence interval for the regression slope "?

9. How is this similar to the formula for constructing other confidence intervals?

10. If you want to test for no correlation between your variables x and y, what should be used for the null hypothesis?

11. When using the LinRegTTest on the TI-83+, what does the symbol # represent?

Chapter 27: Inferences for Regression