You are on page 1of 32

# Chapter 1.

## 2 - Current Differential Relay (RED670)

Substation: 275/33kV Murum Junction Substation
Bay Name: 275kV Murum A OHL Feeder
CT Ratio: 2500/1 Class: 5P20
VT Ratio: 275000/110
References: ABB RED670 Instruction Manual

1. Line Data

Page 1 of 32

## Chapter 1.2 - Current Differential Relay (RED670)

Description
Positive Sequence

Zero Sequence
(for single line)

Mutual coupling
resistance
Mutual coupling
reactance
Line distance

Bakun-Murum
Junction

Murum-Murum
Junction

Similajau-Murum
Junction

R1
X1
C1
Calculated
Xc1

ohm/km
ohm/km
nF/km
Megaohm.
km

0.0190
0.2463
14.8024

0.0190
0.2463
14.8024

0.0190
0.2463
14.8024

0.2150

0.2150

0.2150

R0
X0
C0
Calculated
Xc0

ohm/km
ohm/km
nF/km
Megaohm.
km

0.2079
0.7758
8.7031

0.2079
0.7758
8.7031

0.2079
0.7758
8.7031

0.3657

0.3657

0.3657

R0m

ohm/km

0.1879

0.1879

0.1879

X0m

ohm/km
km

0.4405
20.780

0.4405
47.626

0.4405
90.450

Page 2 of 32

## Chapter 1.2 - Current Differential Relay (RED670)

2. Protection Scheme
-

## Differential protection is set as a main protection which is have a duplicate

protection interface channel (2Mbit/s).
Back up Distance is set for 4 zone quad characteristic for both phase and earth
faults
i.
Set Zone 1 Forward direction to cover 85% of the total line impedance,
zone 1 will trip instantaneous but activate when both Main 1 and Main 2
protection relay fail or total communication channel fail.
ii.
Set Zone 2 Forwad direction to cover 120% of the total line impedance.
Delay 0.30s.
iii.
Set Zone 3 Forward direction to cover 180% of the total line impedance.
Delay 0.9s.
iv.
Set Zone 4 Reverse direction to cover 40% of the total line impedance.
Delay 1.0s.
v.
Enable VT supervision blocking of distance protection
vi.
Enable power swing blocking (PSB)
vii.
Enable distance SOTF to trip fault upon energizing.
Note: No carrier for distance protection.
Back up Directional Earth Fault is set to trip on delay 2.00s without carrier, instead
of instantaneous trip with carrier received.
All backup protection trip such as distance operate, DEF operate, CBF operate, OC
operate and BBP operate will initiate direct intertrip send to remote end via signal
protection interface Main 1 relay and Main 2 relay.

3. Differential Protection

Where;

Page 3 of 32

i.
Name
Line
Murum
Junctio
n
Murum
Hydro

Line Parameter
Length
(km)

Imp

R ()

X ()

Z ()

Angle(o)

Calculat
ed
I c (A)

Remark
s

Z1

0.9049

11.730
2

11.77

85.58

35.187

Z0

9.9014

36.9483

38.25

74.99

N/R

47.626

## Max arc resistance = N/A pri ohm

Max tower footing resistance = N/A pri ohm
Note:
(R1=0.0190 Ohm/km, X1=0.2463 Ohm/km; R0=0.2079 Ohm/km, X0=0.7758 Ohm/km)
ICharg = U / (3 XC)
= U / (3 / 2fC)
= U (2fC / 3)
= (2/3) UfC
= (3.63) x U x f x C
Where:
U is system voltage
XC is capacitive positive sequence reactance of the line
f is system frequency
C is positive sequence line capacitance
Thus,
Ic = (3.63) (275kV) (50Hz) (14.8024 nF/km) (47.626 km)
= 35.187 A
Ic (sec) = 35.187 /2500
= 0.014 A
ii.

Distance Characteristic

Page 4 of 32

measuring loops

iii.
-

## Distance Zone Setting Calculation

The zones are set directly in primary ohms R,X.
Rf/X factor: typically 2/1.5 for long lines and 4-6 for short lines but shall be set less
then 8.
*Set the Rf/X factor giving the Phf resistive coverage: 2
*Set the Rf/X factor giving the EF resistive coverage : 2

Resistive reach for Phase fault (RFPP) is set to Rf/X factor times X1 of each
respective Zone
resistive reach for earth fault (RFPE) is set to Rf/X factor times (1+KN)X1 of each
respective Zone, where KN = (Z0 Z1)/3Z1

iv.

phase fault

Page 5 of 32

function

## PHS Setting For the Load Area

Take voltage violation 5%
|ZLmin|=U2min/Smax
= (0.95 x 275 kV)2 / (1131.246 MVA)
= 60.333
ArgLd = cos-1 (cos min )
= cos-1 0.939
= 20 o

## RLdFw = 0.8(0.95x275kV)2 / (3 x 0.95 x 275kV x 2500A x 1)

= 48.27
RLdRv = RLdFw = 48.27
RLmin = |ZLmin|.cos (max)
Page 6 of 32

## Chapter 1.2 - Current Differential Relay (RED670)

= (60.333) cos (20 o)
= 56.69
Safety factor, KL :

## For length 60km, KL = 0.8

RLdOutFw = (0.8)(56.69 )
= 45.35
RLdOutRv = RLdOutFw = 45.35

RLdInFw = (0.8)(45.35)
= 36.28

AND

AND

Page 7 of 32

## Chapter 1.2 - Current Differential Relay (RED670)

PSB Characteristic

Setting Group N1: Differential Protection (PDIF, 87L) under general setting
Basic parameter group settings for the Differential function
(Differential Protection setting (LDIF) under general setting
Parameter

Range

Step

Default

Propos
e

Unit

Description

NoOfTerminal

2
3

Chan2IsLocal

No
Yes

No

No

Ibase

50.09999.9

0.1

3000.00

2500

Number of current
terminals of the protected
circuit
2-nd local current
connected to input channel
2, Yes/No
Base (reference) current of
the differential protection

Setting Group N1: Differential Protection (PDIF, 87L) under group setting
Basic parameter group settings for the Differential function
(Differential Protection setting (LDIF) under group setting
Parameter

Range

Step

Default

Propos
e

Unit

Description

Page 8 of 32

Operation

Off
On
0.20-2.00

On

On

Operation Off/On

0.01

0.3

0.2

IB

0.2010.00
0.00060.000
1.0050.00

0.01

0.8

0.8

IB

0.001

1.000

1.000

0.01

10.00

10.00

IB

NegSeqDiffEn

Off
On

On

On

NegSeqROA

30.0120.0

1.0

60

60

Deg

IMinNegSeq

0.01-0.20

0.01

0.04

0.05

IB

CrossBlockEn

No
Yes
Off
On

No

No

Off

Off

Off
On
0.20-5.00

Off

Off

0.01

1.00

1.00

IB

0.0006.000
0.0016.000

0.001

0.000

0.000

0.001

0.001

0.01

## Oper-restr charact., section

1 sensitivity, multiple IBase
Initial lower sensitivity, as
multiple of IBase
Time interval of initial
lower sensitivity, in sec
Unrestrained differential
current limit, multiple of
IBase
Off/On selection for
internal /external fault
discriminator
Internal/external fault
discriminator Operate
Angle, degrees
Min. value of neg. seq.
current as multiple of IBase
Off/On selection of the
cross-block logic
Off/On selection for
compensation of charging
currents
Off/On selection for
delayed diff.trip command
Below limit,extra delay can
be applied, multiple of
IBase
Definite time additional
delay in seconds
Inverse Delay Minimum
Time, in seconds

IdMin
IdMinHigh
tIdMinHigh
IdUnre

ChargCurEnabl
e
AddDelay
IMaxAddDelay
tDefTime
tMinInv

Page 9 of 32

CurveType

IEC
Def.Tim
e

IEC
Def.Tim
e

## 19 curve type. Example:

15 for definite time delay.

ANSI Ext.
inv
ANSI Very
inv
ANSI
Norm. inv
ANSI
Mod.inv.
ANSI
Def.Time
L.T.E. inv.
L.T.V. inv
L.T. inv
IEC
Norm.inv
IEC Very
inv.
IEC Inv
IEC
Ext.inv.
IEC S.T.inv
IEC L.T.
Inv
IEC
Def.Time
Programm
able
RI type
RD type
0.05-1.10

0.01

1.00

1.00

IdiffAlarm

0.05-1.00

0.01

0.15

0.15

IB

tAlarmdelay

0.00060.000

0.001

10.000

10.000

Time Multiplier
setting(TMS) for inverse
delays
Sustained differential
current alarm, factor of
Ibase
Delay for alarm due to
sustained differential
current, in s

Setting Group N1: Differential Protection (PDIF, 87L) under group setting
(advanced)
Basic parameter group settings for the Differential function
(Differential Protection setting (LDIF) under group setting (advanced)
Parameter

Range

Step

Default

Propos
e

Unit

Description

EndSection1

0.20-1.50

0.01

1.25

0.60

IB

EndSection2

1.0010.00

0.01

3.00

2.50

IB

SlopeSection2

10.0-50.0

0.1

40.0

50.0

SlopeSection3

30.0100.0

0.1

80.0

80.0

End of section 1, as
multiple of reference
current Ibase
End of section 2, as
multiple of reference
current Ibase
Slope in section 2 of
operate-restrain
characteristic, in %
Slope in section 3 of
operate-restrain
characteristic, in %

Page 10 of 32

I2/I1Ratio

5.0-100.0

1.0

10.0

15

I5/I1Ratio

5.0-100.0

1.0

25.0

25

0.01-1000

0.01

0.02

0.02

0.01-1000

0.01

0.14

0.14

0.01-1000

0.01

1.00

1.00

0.01-1000

0.01

1.00

1.00

OpenCTEnable

On

On

tOCTAlarmDela
y

Off
On
0.10010.000

0.001

1.000

1.000

tOCTResetDela
y

0.10010.000

0.001

0.250

0.250

## Max. ratio of 2nd harm. To

fundamental harm
dif.curr.in %
Max. ratio of 5th harm. To
fundamental harm
dif.curr.in %
Settable curve parameter,
user-programmable curve
type
Settable curve parameter,
user-programmable curve
type
Settable curve parameter,
user-programmable curve
type
Settable curve parameter,
user-programmable curve
type
Open CTEnable Off/On
Open CT: time in s to alarm
after an open CT is
detected
Reset delay in s. After
delay,diff. function is
activated

## Setting Group N1: Impedance Protection Distance Zones (PDIS, 21)

Basic parameter group settings for the ZMQPDIS_21(ZM01-) function
(Distance measuring zones, quadrilateral characteristic (PDIS,21)
Parameter

Range

Step

Default

Propos
e

Unit

Description

Operation

Off
On
1-99999

On

On

Operation Off/On

3000

2500

0.052000.00
Off
Nondirection
al
Forward
Reserse
0.103000.00

0.05

400.00

275

kV

Forward

Forwar
d

## Base current, i.e. rated

current
Base voltage, i.e. rated
voltage
Operation mode of
directionality NonDir / Forw
/ Rev

0.01

30.00

9.97

Ohm/p

Positive sequence
reactance reach

0.101000.00
0.109000.00
0.503000.00
1.003000.00

0.01

5.00

0.77

Ohm/p

0.01

100.00

31.41

Ohm/p

0.01

15.00

8.42

Ohm/p

0.01

30.00

19.94

Ohm/l

## Positive seq. resistance for

zone characteristic angle
Zero sequence reactance
reach
Zero seq. resistance for
zone characteristic angle
Fault resistance reach in
ohm/loop, Ph-Ph

IBase
UBase
OperationDir

X1
R1
X0
R0
RFPP

Page 11 of 32

RFPE

1.009000.00
Off
On
Off
On
0.00060.000

0.01

100.00

34.50

Ohm/l

On

On

On

On

0.001

0.000

0.000

Off
On
Off
On
0.00060.000

On

On

On

On

0.001

0.000

0.000

IMinOpPP

10-30

20

10

%IB

IMinOpPE

10-30

20

10

%IB

IMinOpIN

5-30

%IB

OperationPP
Timer tPP
tPP

OperationPE
Timer tPE
tPE

## Fault resistance reach in

ohm/loop, Ph-E
Operation mode Off/On of
Phase-Phase loops
Operation mode Off/On of
Zone timer,Ph-Ph
Time delay of trip, Ph-Ph
Value depends on
application
Operation mode Off/On of
Phase-Earth loops
Operation mode Off/On of
Zone timer,Ph-E
Time delay of trip, Ph-E
Value depends on
application
Minimum operate delta
current for Phase-Phase
loops
Minimum operate phase
current for Phase-Earth
loops
Minimum operate residual
current for Phase-Earth
loops

## Basic parameter group settings for the ZMQPDIS_21(ZM02-) function

(Distance measuring zones, quadrilateral characteristic (PDIS,21)
Parameter

Range

Step

Default

Propos
e

Unit

Description

Operation

Off
On
1-99999

On

On

Operation Off/On

3000

2500

0.052000.00
Off
Nondirection
al
Forward
Reserse
0.103000.00
0.101000.00

0.05

400.00

275

kV

Forward

Forwar
d

## Base current, i.e. rated

current
Base voltage, i.e. rated
voltage
Operation mode of
directionality NonDir / Forw
/ Rev

0.01

30.00

14.08

Ohm/p

0.01

5.00

1.09

Ohm/p

IBase
UBase
OperationDir

X1
R1

Positive sequence
reactance reach
Positive seq. resistance for
zone characteristic angle

Page 12 of 32

X0

0.01

100.00

44.34

Ohm/p

0.01

15.00

11.88

Ohm/p

0.01

30.00

28.15

Ohm/l

0.01

100.00

48.70

Ohm/l

On

On

On

On

0.001

0.000

0.3

On

On

On

On

0.001

0.000

0.3

IMinOpPP

0.109000.00
0.503000.00
1.003000.00
1.009000.00
Off
On
Off
On
0.00060.000
Off
On
Off
On
0.00060.000
10-30

20

10

%IB

IMinOpPE

10-30

20

10

%IB

R0
RFPP
RFPE
OperationPP
Timer tPP
tPP
OperationPE
Timer tPE
tPE

## Zero sequence reactance

reach
Zero seq. resistance for
zone characteristic angle
Fault resistance reach in
ohm/loop, Ph-Ph
Fault resistance reach in
ohm/loop, Ph-E
Operation mode Off/On of
Phase-Phase loops
Operation mode Off/On of
Zone timer,Ph-Ph
Time delay of trip, Ph-Ph
Operation mode Off/On of
Phase-Earth loops
Operation mode Off/On of
Zone timer,Ph-E
Time delay of trip, Ph-E
Minimum operate delta
current for Phase-Phase
loops
Minimum operate phase
current for Phase-Earth
loops

## Basic parameter group settings for the ZMQPDIS_21(ZM03-) function

(Distance measuring zones, quadrilateral characteristic (PDIS,21)
Parameter

Range

Step

Default

Propos
e

Unit

Description

Operation

Off
On
1-99999

On

On

Operation Off/On

3000

2500

0.052000.00
Off
Nondirection
al
Forward
Reserse
0.103000.00
0.101000.00
0.109000.00
0.503000.00

0.05

400.00

275

kV

Forward

Forwar
d

## Base current, i.e. rated

current
Base voltage, i.e. rated
voltage
Operation mode of
directionality NonDir / Forw
/ Rev

0.01

30.00

21.11

Ohm/p

0.01

5.00

1.63

Ohm/p

0.01

100.00

66.51

Ohm/p

0.01

15.00

17.82

Ohm/p

IBase
UBase
OperationDir

X1
R1
X0
R0

Positive sequence
reactance reach
Positive seq. resistance for
zone characteristic angle
Zero sequence reactance
reach
Zero seq. resistance for
zone characteristic angle
Page 13 of 32

RFPP

0.01

30.00

42.23

Ohm/l

0.01

100.00

73.06

Ohm/l

On

On

On

On

0.001

0.000

0.900

On

On

On

On

0.001

0.000

0.900

IMinOpPP

1.003000.00
1.009000.00
Off
On
Off
On
0.00060.000
Off
On
Off
On
0.00060.000
10-30

20

10

%IB

IMinOpPE

10-30

20

10

%IB

RFPE
OperationPP
Timer tPP
tPP
OperationPE
Timer tPE
tPE

## Fault resistance reach in

ohm/loop, Ph-Ph
Fault resistance reach in
ohm/loop, Ph-E
Operation mode Off/On of
Phase-Phase loops
Operation mode Off/On of
Zone timer,Ph-Ph
Time delay of trip, Ph-Ph
Operation mode Off/On of
Phase-Earth loops
Operation mode Off/On of
Zone timer,Ph-E
Time delay of trip, Ph-E
Minimum operate delta
current for Phase-Phase
loops
Minimum operate phase
current for Phase-Earth
loops

## Basic parameter group settings for the ZMQPDIS_21(ZM04-) function

(Distance measuring zones, quadrilateral characteristic (PDIS,21)
Parameter

Range

Step

Default

Propos
e

Unit

Description

Operation

Off
On
1-99999

On

On

Operation Off/On

3000

2500

0.052000.00
Off
Nondirection
al
Forward
Reverse
0.103000.00
0.101000.00
0.109000.00
0.503000.00
1.003000.00
1.009000.00
Off
On

0.05

400.00

275.00

kV

Forward

Revers
e

## Base current, i.e. rated

current
Base voltage, i.e. rated
voltage
Operation mode of
directionality NonDir / Forw
/ Rev

0.01

30.00

4.69

Ohm/p

0.01

5.00

0.36

Ohm/p

0.01

100.00

14.78

Ohm/p

0.01

15.00

3.96

Ohm/p

0.01

30.00

9.38

Ohm/l

0.01

100.00

16.23

Ohm/l

On

On

IBase
UBase
OperationDir

X1
R1
X0
R0
RFPP
RFPE
OperationPP

Positive sequence
reactance reach
Positive seq. resistance for
zone characteristic angle
Zero sequence reactance
reach
Zero seq. resistance for
zone characteristic angle
Fault resistance reach in
ohm/loop, Ph-Ph
Fault resistance reach in
ohm/loop, Ph-E
Operation mode Off/On of
Phase-Phase loops
Page 14 of 32

Timer tPP

On

On

0.001

0.000

1.000

On

On

On

On

0.001

0.000

1.000

IMinOpPP

Off
On
0.00060.000
Off
On
Off
On
0.00060.000
10-30

20

10

%IB

IMinOpPE

10-30

20

10

%IB

tPP
OperationPE
Timer tPE
tPE

## Operation mode Off/On of

Zone timer,Ph-Ph
Time delay of trip, Ph-Ph
Operation mode Off/On of
Phase-Earth loops
Operation mode Off/On of
Zone timer,Ph-E
Time delay of trip, Ph-E
Minimum operate delta
current for Phase-Phase
loops
Minimum operate phase
current for Phase-Earth
loops

Page 15 of 32

## Chapter 1.2 - Current Differential Relay (RED670)

Setting Group N1: Impedance Protection Phase Selection (PDIS, 21)- PHS1
Basic parameter group settings for the FDPSPDIS_21(PHS--) function
Parameter

Range

Step

Default

Propose

Unit

Description

IBase

1-99999

3000

2500

UBase

0.05

400.00

275

kV

INBlockPP

0.052000.00
10-100

40

40

%IPh

## Base current for current

settings
Base voltage, i.e. rated
voltage
3I0 limit for blocking
phase-to-phase
measuring loops

INReleasePE

10-100

20

10

%IPh

phase-to-earth
measuring loops

RLdFw

1.003000.00

0.01

80.00

48.27

Ohm/
p

RLdRv

1.003000.00

0.01

80.00

48.27

Ohm/
p

ArgLd

5-70

30

20

Deg

X1

0.503000.00

0.01

40.00

30.40

Ohm/
p

## Forward resistive reach

within the load
impedance area
For load enchroachment
Calc the max load imp, R
Reverse resistive reach
within the load
impedance area
For load enchroachment
Load angle determining
the load impedance area
For load enchroachment
Positive sequence
reactance reach 1.44 x
Xmax

X0

0.503000.00

0.01

120.00

95.77

Ohm/
p

Zero sequence
reactance reach 1.44 x
Xmax

RFFwPP

0.503000.00

0.01

30.00

52.79

Ohm/l

RFRvPP

0.503000.00

0.01

30.00

52.79

Ohm/l

RFFwPE

1.009000.00

0.01

100.00

91.32

Ohm/l

RFRvPE

1.009000.00

0.01

100.00

91.32

Ohm/l

Timer PP

Off
On

On

Off

tPP

0.00060.000

0.00
1

0.000

0.000

## Fault resistance reach

Ph-Ph, forward 1.25 x
RFPPZmax
Fault resistance reach,
Ph-Ph, reverse 1.25 x
RFPPZmax
Fault resistance reach,
Ph-E, forward 1.25 x
RFPEZmax
Fault resistance reach,
Ph-E, reverse 1.25 x
RFPEZmax
Operation mode Off/On
of Zone timer,Ph-Ph
(Not used; For tripping
purpose)
Time delay of trip, Ph-Ph

Page 16 of 32

Timer PE

Off
On

On

Off

## Operation mode Off/On

of Zone timer,Ph-E
(Not used; For tripping
purpose)
Time delay of trip, Ph-E

tPE

0.00
1
1

0.000

0.000

IMinOpPP

0.00060.000
10-30

20

10

%IB

IMinOpPE

10-30

20

%IB

## Minimum operate delta

current for Phase-Phase
loops
Minimum operate phase
current for Phase-Earth
loops

## Setting Group N1: Impedance Protection Directional Impedance (RDIR)- ZD01

Basic parameter group settings for the ZDRDIR (ZD01) function
(Distance measuring zones, quadrilateral characteristic (PDIS,21)
Parameter

Range

Step

Default

Propos
e

Unit

Description

ArgNegRes

90-175

115

115

Deg

ArgDir

5-45

15

15

Deg

IMinOp

1-99999

10

10

%IB

IBase

1-99999

3000

2500

UBase

0.052000.00

0.05

400.00

275.00

kV

## Angle to blinder in second

quadrant for forward
direction
Use default
Angle to blinder in fourth
quadrant for forward
direction
Use default
Minimum operate current
in % of IBase
Base current
Use CT primary ratio
Base voltage
Use VT primary (Ph-Ph)
ratio

## Setting Group N1: Impedance Protection AutomaticSOTF (PSOF) SFV1

Basic parameter group settings for the ZCVPSOF (SFV1-) function
Parameter

Range

Step

Default

Propose

Unit

Description

Operation

Off
On
1-99999

On

ON

Operation Off/On

3000

2500

0.052000.00
Impedanc
e
UlLevel
UlLvl&Im
p
Off
On
1-100

0.05

400.00

275.00

kV

## Base voltage L-L (kV)

UlLevel

Impedanc
e

Mode of operation of
SOTF Function. Start by
zone 2 non-dir. Refer to
config ZM02-STND

Off

Off

20

20

%IB

## Automatic switch onto

fault initialization
Current level for
detection of dead line in
% of IBase
Not used.

IBase
UBase
Mode

AutoInit
IPh<

Page 17 of 32

UPh<

1-100

70

60

%UB

tDuration

0.00060.000

0.001

0.020

0.150

tSOTF

0.000

0.001

1.000

0.150

tDLD

0.000

0.001

0.200

0.150

## Voltage level for

detection of dead line in
% of UBase
Not used.
Time delay for UI
detection (s)
Not used
Drop off delay time of
switch onto fault
function
Delay time for
activation of dead line
detection
Not used.

## Setting Group N1: Impedance Protection PowerSwing Detection (RPSB,78)PSD1

Basic parameter group settings for the ZMRPSB_78 (PSD1-) function
Parameter

Range

Step

Default

Propose

Unit

Description

Operation

Off
On
0.10
3000.00

Off

On

0.01

30.00

22.17

ohm

R1LIn

0.10
1000.00

0.01

30.00

1.71

ohm

R1FInFw

0.10
1000.00

0.01

30.00

18.71

ohm

X1InRv

0.10
3000.00

0.01

30.00

22.17

ohm

R1FInRv

0.10
1000.00

0.01

30.00

18.71

ohm

OperationLdCh

Off
On

RLdOutFw

0.10 3000.00
5 70

0.01

30.00

45.35

ohm

25

16

Deg

0.10 3000.00

0.01

30.00

45.35

ohm

## Operation Mode On/Off

Not used for radial line.
Inner reactive
boundary, forward. 1.05
x X1max
Line resistance for inner
characteristic
Angle. 1.05 x R1max
Fault resistance
coverage to inner
resistive line, forward.
1.05 x R0max
Inner reactive
boundary, reverse. 1.05
x X1max
Fault resistance line to
inner resistive
boundary, reverse.
1.05 x R0max
Operation of load
discrimination
Characteristic
Outer resistive load
boundary, forward
Load angle determining
load impedance
Area.
ArgLdPSD < ArgLdPHS
Outer resistive load
boundary, reverse

X1lnFw

ArgLd

RLdOutRv

On

On

Page 18 of 32

kLdRFw

0.50 0.90

0.01

0.75

0.80

Mult

kLdRRv

0.50 0.90

0.01

0.75

0.80

Mult

tEF

0.000 60.000

0.001

3.000

2.000

IMinOpPE

5 30

10

20

%IB

IBase

1 - 99999

3000

2500

## Multiplication factor for

inner resistive
load boundary, forward
Multiplication factor for
inner resistive
load boundary, reverse
Timer for overcoming
single-pole
reclosing dead time
Minimum operate
current in % of IBase
Base setting for current
level settings

Setting Group N1: Secondary System Supervision: Fuse Failure (RFUF) Group
settings (basic)
SDDRFUF Group settings (basic)
Parameter

Range

Operation
IBase

Off
On
1 - 99999

UBase

0.05 - 2000.00

OpMode

3U0>

Off
UNsINs
UZsIZs
UZsIZs OR
UNsINs
UZsIZs AND
UNsINs
OptimZsNs
1 - 100

3I0<

Step

Default

Propose

On

On

3000

2500

Base current

0.05

400.00

275

kV

Base voltage

UZsIZs

UZsIZs

30

20

%UB

1 100

10

10

%IB

3U2>

1 100

30

20

%UB

3I2<

1 100

10

10

%IB

OpDUDI

Off
On

Off

On

DU>

1 - 100

60

20

%UB

DI<

1 - 100

15

10

%IB

UPh>

1 100

70

70

%UB

Unit

Description

Operation Off / On

Operating mode
selection

Operate level of
residual overvoltage
element in % of UBase
Operate level of
residual undercurrent
element in % of IBase
Operate level of neg
seq overvoltage
element in % of UBase
Operate level of neg
seq undercurrent
element in % of IBase
Operation of change
based function Off/
On
Operate level of change
in phase voltage
in % of UBase
Operate level of change
in phase current
in % of IBase
Operate level of phase
voltage in % of
UBase
Page 19 of 32

IPh>

1 100

10

10

%IB

SealIn

On

On

USealln<

Off
On
1 100

70

60

%UB

IDLD<

1 100

20

%IB

UDLD<

1 100

60

60

%UB

## Operate level of phase

current in % of
IBase
Seal in functionality
Off/On
Operate level of seal-in
phase voltage in
% of UBase
Operate level for open
phase current
detection in % of IBase
Operate level for open
phase voltage
detection in % of UBase

## Setting Group N1: Monitoring: Fault Locator (RFLO)

LMBRFLO Group settings (basic)
Parameter

Range

Step

Default

Propose

Unit

Description

R1A

0.001 1500.000
0.001 1500.000
0.001 1500.000
0.001 1500.000
0.001 1500.000
0.001 1500.000
0.001 1500.000
0.001 1500.000
0.001 1500.000
0.001 1500.000
0.0 - 10000.0

0.00
1
0.00
1
0.00
1
0.00
1
0.00
1
0.00
1
0.00
1
0.00
1
0.00
1
0.00
1
0.1

2.000

TBA

12.000

TBA

2.000

TBA

12.000

TBA

2.000

0.905

12.500

11.730

8.750

9.901

50.000

36.948

0.000

8.949

0.000

20.979

40.0

47.626

ohm/
p
ohm/
p
ohm/
p
ohm/
p
ohm/
p
ohm/
p
ohm/
p
ohm/
p
ohm/
p
ohm/
p
-

Source resistance A
(near end)
Source reactance A
(near end)
Source resistance B (far
end)
Source reactance B (far
end)
Positive sequence line
resistance
Positive sequence line
reactance
Zero sequence line
resistance
Zero sequence line
reactance
Zero sequence mutual
resistance
Zero sequence mutual
reactance
Length of line

X1A
R1B
X1B
R1L
X1L
R0L
X0L
R0M
X0M
LineLength

Parameter

Range

Step

Default

Propose

Unit

Description

DrepChNoIL1

1 - 30

Ch

DrepChNoIL2

1 30

Ch

## Recorder input number

recording phase
current, IL1
Recorder input number
recording phase
current, IL2

Page 20 of 32

DrepChNoIL3

1 30

Ch

DrepChNoIN

0 - 30

Ch

DrepChNoIP

0 30

Ch

DrepChNoUL1

1 - 30

Ch

DrepChNoUL2

1 - 30

Ch

DrepChNoUL3

1 - 30

Ch

## Recorder input number

recording phase
current, IL3
Recorder input number
recording
residual current, IN
Recorder input number
recording 3I0 on
parallel line
Recorder input number
recording phase
voltage, UL1
Recorder input number
recording phase
Recorder input number
recording phase
voltage, UL3

## Setting Group N1: OC4PTOC Group settings (basic)

OC4PTOC Group settings (basic)
Parameter

Range

Operation
IBase

Off
On
1 - 99999

UBase

Default

Propose

Off

Off

3000

2500

Base current

0.05 - 2000.00

0.05

400.00

275

kV

Base voltage

AngleRCA

40 65

55

55

Deg

AngleROA

40 89

80

80

Deg

StartPhSel

1 out of 3
2 out of 3
3 out of 3
Off
Non-directional
Forward
Reverse

1 out of 3

1 out of 3

Nondirection
al

Nondirection
al

Relay characteristic
angle (RCA)
Relay operation angle
(ROA)
Number of phases
required for op (1 of
3, 2 of 3, 3 of 3)
Directional mode of
step 1 (off, nodir,
forward, reverse)

DirMode1

Step

Unit

Description

Operation Off / On

Page 21 of 32

Characterist1

I1>

ANSI Very inv.
ANSI Norm. inv.
ANSI Mod. inv.
ANSI Def. Time
L.T.E. inv.
L.T.V. inv.
L.T. inv.
IEC Norm. inv.
IEC Very inv.
IEC inv.
IEC Ext. inv.
IEC S.T. inv.
IEC L.T. inv.
IEC Def. Time
Reserved
Programmable
RI type
RD type
1 2500

t1

0.000 - 60.000

k1

0.05 - 999.00

0.00
1
0.01

IMin1

1 - 10000

100

100

%IB

t1Min

0.000 - 60.000

0.00
1

0.000

0.000

I1Mult

1.0 - 10.0

0.1

2.0

2.0

DirMode2

Off
Non-directional
Forward
Reverse
ANSI Ext. inv.
ANSI Very inv.
ANSI Norm. inv.
ANSI Mod. inv.
ANSI Def. Time
L.T.E. inv.
L.T.V. inv.
L.T. inv.
IEC Norm. inv.
IEC Very inv.
IEC inv.
IEC Ext. inv.
IEC S.T. inv.
IEC L.T. inv.
IEC Def. Time
Reserved
Programmable
RI type
RD type

Nondirection
al

Nondirection
al

ANSI Def.
Time

ANSI Def.
Time

Characterist2

ANSI Def.
Time

ANSI Def.
Time

1000

1000

%IB

0.000

0.000

0.05

0.05

curve type for
step 1

## Phase current operate

level for step1 in
% of IBase
Definitive time delay of
step 1
Time multiplier for the
inverse time delay
for step 1
Minimum operate
current for step1 in %
of IBase
Minimum operate time
for inverse curves
for step 1
Multiplier for current
operate level for
step 1
Directional mode of
step 2 (off, nodir,
forward, reverse)
Selection of time delay
curve type for
step 2

Page 22 of 32

I2>

1 2500

1000

1000

%IB

t2

0.000 - 60.000

0.000

0.000

k2

0.05 - 999.00

0.00
1
0.01

0.05

0.05

IMin2

1 - 10000

100

100

%IB

t2Min

0.000 - 60.000

0.00
1

0.000

0.000

I2Mult

1.0 - 10.0

0.1

2.0

2.0

DirMode3

Nondirection
al

Nondirection
al

ANSI Def.
Time

ANSI Def.
Time

I3>

Off
Non-directional
Forward
Reverse
ANSI Ext. inv.
ANSI Very inv.
ANSI Norm. inv.
ANSI Mod. inv.
ANSI Def. Time
L.T.E. inv.
L.T.V. inv.
L.T. inv.
IEC Norm. inv.
IEC Very inv.
IEC inv.
IEC Ext. inv.
IEC S.T. inv.
IEC L.T. inv.
IEC Def. Time
Reserved
Programmable
RI type
RD type
1 2500

1000

1000

%IB

t3

0.000 - 60.000

0.000

0.000

k3

0.05 - 999.00

0.00
1
0.01

0.05

0.05

IMin3

1 - 10000

100

100

%IB

t3Min

0.000 - 60.000

0.00
1

0.000

0.000

I3Mult

1.0 - 10.0

0.1

2.0

2.0

Characterist3

## Phase current operate

level for step2 in
% of IBase
Definitive time delay of
step 2
Time multiplier for the
inverse time delay
for step 2
Minimum operate
current for step2 in %
of IBase
Minimum operate time
for inverse curves
for step 2
Multiplier for current
operate level for
step 2
Directional mode of
step 3 (off, nodir,
forward, reverse)
Selection of time delay
curve type for
step 3

## Phase current operate

level for step3 in
% of IBase
Definitive time delay of
step 3
Time multiplier for the
inverse time delay
for step 3
Minimum operate
current for step3 in %
of IBase
Minimum operate time
for inverse curves
for step 3
Multiplier for current
operate level for
step 3

Page 23 of 32

## Chapter 1.2 - Current Differential Relay (RED670)

DirMode4

I4>

Off
Non-directional
Forward
Reverse
ANSI Ext. inv.
ANSI Very inv.
ANSI Norm. inv.
ANSI Mod. inv.
ANSI Def. Time
L.T.E. inv.
L.T.V. inv.
L.T. inv.
IEC Norm. inv.
IEC Very inv.
IEC inv.
IEC Ext. inv.
IEC S.T. inv.
IEC L.T. inv.
IEC Def. Time
Reserved
Programmable
RI type
RD type
1 2500

t4

0.000 - 60.000

k4

0.05 - 999.00

0.00
1
0.01

IMin4

1 - 10000

100

100

%IB

t4Min

0.000 - 60.000

0.00
1

0.000

0.000

I4Mult

1.0 - 10.0

0.1

2.0

2.0

Characterist4

Nondirection
al

Nondirection
al

Directional mode of
step 4 (off, nodir,
forward, reverse)

ANSI Def.
Time

ANSI Def.
Time

curve type for
step 4

1000

1000

%IB

0.000

0.000

0.05

0.05

## Phase current operate

level for step4 in
% of IBase
Definitive time delay of
step 4
Time multiplier for the
inverse time delay
for step 4
Minimum operate
current for step4 in %
of IBase
Minimum operate time
for inverse curves
for step 4
Multiplier for current
operate level for
step 4

## Setting Group N1: Current Protection- ResidualOverCurr4Step (PTOC,51N/67N)TEF1

Basic parameter group settings for the EF4PTOC_50N67N (TEF1-) function
Parameter

Range

Step

Default

Propose

Unit

Description

Operation

Off

On

IBase

Off
On
1 99999

3000

2500

UBase

0.05 - 2000.00

0.05

400

275

kV

AngleRCA

-180 180

65

65

Deg

Operation Off/On
Only used for DEFC
Base value for current
settings
Base value for voltage
settings
Relay characteristic
angle (RCA)

Page 24 of 32

polMethod
UPolMin

Voltage
Current
Dual
1 100

IPolMin

Voltage

Voltage

%UB

2 100

%IB

RNPol

0.50 - 1000.00

0.01

5.00

1000.00

ohm

XNPol

0.50 - 3000.00

0.01

40.00

3000.00

ohm

IN>Dir

1 100

10

20

%IB

2ndHarmStab

5 - 100

20

15

BlkParTransf

Off
On
IN1>
IN2>
IN3>
IN4>
Off
SOTF
UnderTime
SOTF&UnderTim
e
Open
Closed
CloseCommand
Step 2
Step 3
Off
On

Off

Off

IN4>

IN4>

Off

Off

(Off/SOTF/
Undertime/
SOTF&Undertime)

Open

Open

activate SOTF

Step 2

Step 2

Off

Off

0.200

0.200

## Selection of step used

for SOTF
Enable harmonic
restrain function in
SOTF
Time delay for SOTF

1.000

1.000

Nondirection
al

Forward

UseStartValue

SOTF

ActivationSOT
F
StepForSOTF
HarmResSOTF
tSOTF

0.000 - 60.000

t4U

0.000 - 60.000

DirMode1

Off
Non-directional
Forward
Reverse

0.00
1
0.00
1
-

Type of polarization
Minimum voltage level
for polarization in
% of UBase
Minimum current level
for polarization in
% of IBase.
Typical 5-10% of I base
Real part of source Z to
be used for
current polarisation
Imaginary part of
source Z to be used for
current polarisation
Residual current level
for Direction
release in % of IBase
Second harmonic
restrain operation in %
of IN amplitude
Enable blocking at
parallel transformers
Current level blk at
parallel transf (step1,
2, 3 or 4)

Switch-onto-fault active
time
Directional mode of
step1 (off, nodir,
forward, reverse)

Page 25 of 32

Characterist1

IN1>

ANSI Very inv.
ANSI Norm. inv.
ANSI Mod. inv.
ANSI Def. Time
L.T.E. inv.
L.T.V. inv.
L.T. inv.
IEC Norm. inv.
IEC Very inv.
IEC inv.
IEC Ext. inv.
IEC S.T. inv.
IEC L.T. inv.
IEC Def. Time
Reserved
Programmable
RI type
RD type
1 2500

ANSI Def.
Time

IEC Def.
Time

100

10

%IB

t1

0.000 - 60.000

0.00
1

0.000

2.000

k1

0.05 - 999.00

0.01

0.05

1.00

t1Min

0.000 - 60.000

0.00
1

0.000

60.000

IN1Mult

1.0 - 10.0

0.1

2.0

10.0

HarmRestrain
1

Off
On

On

On

DirMode2

Off
Non-directional
Forward
Reverse

Nondirection
al

Off

## Time delay curve type

for step 1

Operate residual
current level for step 1
in % of IBase
Independent (defenite)
time delay of step
1
Time multiplier for the
dependent time
delay for step 1
Minimum operate time
for inverse curves
for step 1
Multiplier for scaling the
current setting
value for step 1
Enable block of step 1
from harmonic
Restrain
Directional mode of
step2 (off, nodir,
forward, reverse)

Page 26 of 32

Characterist2

IN2>

ANSI Very inv.
ANSI Norm. inv.
ANSI Mod. inv.
ANSI Def. Time
L.T.E. inv.
L.T.V. inv.
L.T. inv.
IEC Norm. inv.
IEC Very inv.
IEC inv.
IEC Ext. inv.
IEC S.T. inv.
IEC L.T. inv.
IEC Def. Time
Reserved
Programmable
RI type
RD type
1 2500

ANSI Def.
Time

IEC Def.
Time

100

10

%IB

t2

0.000 - 60.000

0.00
1

0.000

2.000

k2

0.05 - 999.00

0.01

0.05

999.00

t2Min

0.000 - 60.000

0.00
1

0.000

60.000

IN2Mult

1.0 - 10.0

0.1

2.0

10.0

HarmRestrain
2

Off
On

On

On

DirMode3

Off
Non-directional
Forward
Reverse

Nondirection
al

Off

## Time delay curve type

for step 2

Operate residual
current level for step 2
in % of IBase
Independent (defenite)
time delay of step
2
Time multiplier for the
dependent time
delay for step 2
Minimum operate time
for inverse curves
for step 2
Multiplier for scaling the
current setting
value for step 2
Enable block of step 2
from harmonic
Restrain
Directional mode of
step3 (off, nodir,
forward, reverse)

Page 27 of 32

Characterist3

IN3>

ANSI Very inv.
ANSI Norm. inv.
ANSI Mod. inv.
ANSI Def. Time
L.T.E. inv.
L.T.V. inv.
L.T. inv.
IEC Norm. inv.
IEC Very inv.
IEC inv.
IEC Ext. inv.
IEC S.T. inv.
IEC L.T. inv.
IEC Def. Time
Reserved
Programmable
RI type
RD type
1 2500

ANSI Def.
Time

ANSI
Def.
Time

100

33

%IB

t3

0.000 - 60.000

0.00
1

0.000

0.800

k3

0.05 - 999.00

0.01

0.05

0.05

t3Min

0.000 - 60.000

0.00
1

0.000

2.000

IN3Mult

1.0 - 10.0

0.1

2.0

2.0

HarmRestrain
3

Off
On

On

On

DirMode4

Off
Non-directional
Forward
Reverse

Nondirection
al

Off

## Time delay curve type

for step 3

Operate residual
current level for step 3
in % of IBase
Independent (defenite)
time delay of step
3
Time multiplier for the
dependent time
delay for step 3
Minimum operate time
for inverse curves
for step 3
Multiplier for scaling the
current setting
value for step 3
Enable block of step 3
from harmonic
Restrain
Directional mode of
step4 (off, nodir,
forward, reverse)

Page 28 of 32

Characterist4

IN4>

ANSI Very inv.
ANSI Norm. inv.
ANSI Mod. inv.
ANSI Def. Time
L.T.E. inv.
L.T.V. inv.
L.T. inv.
IEC Norm. inv.
IEC Very inv.
IEC inv.
IEC Ext. inv.
IEC S.T. inv.
IEC L.T. inv.
IEC Def. Time
Reserved
Programmable
RI type
RD type
1 2500

ANSI Def.
Time

ANSI
Def.
Time

100

13

%IB

t4

0.000 - 60.000

0.00
1

0.000

1.200

k4

0.05 - 999.00

0.01

0.05

0.50

t4Min

0.000 - 60.000

0.00
1

0.000

0.000

IN4Mult

1.0 - 10.0

0.1

2.0

2.0

HarmRestrain
4

Off
On

On

On

## Time delay curve type

for step 4

Operate residual
current level for step 4
in % of IBase
Independent (defenite)
time delay of step
4
Time multiplier for the
dependent time
delay for step 4
Minimum operate time
for inverse curves
for step 4
Multiplier for scaling the
current setting
value for step 4
Enable block of step 4
from harmonic
Restrain

## Setting Group N1: Current Protection- ThermalOverload1TimerConst(PTTR,26)

Basic parameter group settings for the LPTTR_26(THL1-) function
Parameter

Range

Step

Default

Propose

Unit

Description

Operation

Off
On
0 99999

Off

Off

3000

2500

Operation Off/On
Not used.
Base current in A

IBase

Page 29 of 32

TRef

0 600

90

90

Deg

IRef

0 400

100

100

%IB

IMult

15

Tau

0 1000

45

Min

AlarmTemp

0 200

80

80

Deg

TripTemp

0 600

90

90

Deg

ReclTemp

0 600

75

75

Deg

tPulse

0.05 - 0.30

0.01

0.1

0.1

AmbiSens

Off
On
-50 250

Off

Off

20

20

Deg

-50 600

50

50

Deg

DefaultAmbTe
mp
DefaultTemp

## End temperature rise

above ambient of
the line when loaded
with IRef
The load current (in %of
IBase) leading
to TRef temperature
Current multiplier when
function is used
for two or more lines
Time constant of the
line in minutes.
Temperature level for
start (alarm)
Temperature level for
trip
Temperature for reset of
lockout after trip
Operate pulse length.
Minimum one
execution cycle
External temperature
sensor availiable
Ambient temperature
used when
AmbiSens is set to Off.
Temperature raise
above ambient
temperature at startup

## Setting Group N1: Scheme communication-EFSchemeCommunication (PSCH,85)

Accelerated scheme for full distance with DEFC application
Basic parameter group settings for the ECPSCH_85(EFC1-) function
Parameter

Range

Step

Default

Propose

Unit

Description

Operation

Off
On

Off

On

Operation Off/On
Not used.

Scheme Type

Permissiv
e UR

Permissiv
e OR

tCoord

Off
Intertrip
Permissive UR
Permissive OR
Blocking
0.000 - 60.000

0.00
1

0.035

0.050

tSendMin

0.000 - 60.000

0.00
1

0.100

0.100

## Scheme type, Mode of

Operation

Communication scheme
coordination
time
Minimum duration of a
carrier send signal

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## Chapter 1.2 - Current Differential Relay (RED670)

Setting Group N1: Logic-TripLogic(PTRC,94)
Basic parameter group settings for the SMPPTRC_94 (TRP1-)Function
Parameter

Range

Step

Default

Propose

Unit

Description

Operation

On

On

Operation Off / On

Program

Off
On
3 phase
1ph/3ph
1Ph/2Ph/3Ph

1ph/3ph

1ph/3ph

tTripMin

0.000 - 60.000

0.00
1

0.150

0.060

## Three ph; single or

three
ph; single, two or three
ph trip
s

Minimum duration of
trip
output signal.
Use recommended

## Setting Group N1: Logic-TripMatrix(GGIO)

TR01
Basic parameter group settings for the TMAGGIO (TR01-) function
Parameter

Range

Step

Default

Propose

Unit

Description

Operation

ON

On

Operation Off / On

PulseTime

Off
ON
0.050 - 60.000

0.000

0.150

OnDelay

0.000 - 60.000

0.000

0.000

OffDelay

0.000 - 60.000

0.000

0.000

ModeOutput1

Steady
Pulsed

0.00
1
0.00
1
0.00
1
-

Steady

Steady

steady
or pulsed

ModeOutput2

Steady
Pulsed

Steady

Steady

steady
or pulsed

ModeOutput3

Steady
Pulsed

Steady

Steady

steady
or pulsed

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