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The Advanced Contemporary Affairs

(Book 93)
ISBN 978-969-588-367-2
Price Rs. 600/Annual Subscription Rs. 2300/Second Issue, 2015
Trade Mark Registration No. 22177
The book series is backed and supported by the prestigious
think tank, Council on Contemporary Affairs Pakistan
_______________
Articles and Essays included in the
Advanced Contemporary Affairs are being taken from national and international newspapers
and journals of repute.
The book series is designed to offer
the readers a conglomerate of enlightened, research oriented,
and thought provoking articles on current affairs
at minimum possible cost.
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All correspondence and suggestions related to the Advanced Contemporary Affairs must be
addressed to the Editors office:
M. Imtiaz Shahid 614, 2nd Avenue, SW (B) Block
NFC, Lahore Pakistan.
(Tel: 03222700004)
E-mail: advancedcontemporaryaffairs@gmail.com
mimtiazshahid@gmail.com
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We welcome any article on current affairs for publication. These articles may be sent to the
Editors office.
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Opinions expressed in articles and reviews published in the Advanced Contemporary Affairs are
those of the authors and should not be attributed to the editor or the publishers.
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Grateful acknowledgements are due to all those Authors, Newspapers, Journals & Publishers,
whose articles and research works are included in this book series.
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Published by Advanced Publishers
172nd Floor, Muslim Centre. Chatter Jee Road. Urdu Bazaar.
Lahore. Pakistan. Ph. (042) 37360555, (email: advancedpublisherspk@gmail.com)

Advisory Board
Dr Hasan-Askari Rizvi
Political and Defence Analyst
Dr Farooq Hasnat
Middle East specialist
Middle East Centre Washington DC
Dr Nilofer Mehdi
Analyst Pakistan Foreign Policy
Dr Maqsud al Hasan Nuri
Analyst Central Asia, Afghanistan and the Gulf
Former President & Senior Research Fellow, Islamabad Policy Research Institute
(IPRI)
Dr A Z Hilali
Analyst South Asian Security
Dean of Contemporary Studies National Defence University, Islamabad
Dr Mansoor Akbar Kundi
Vice Chancellor, Gomal University, D I Khan
Dr Muhammad Ahsan
Analyst Muslim World & International Political Economy
Dr Zafar Nawaz Jaspal
Analyst Nuclearization
Dr Nauman Zafar
University of Indiana, USA
Analyst Pakistan US Relations
Dr Zahid Anwer
Analyst Russia & Central Asia
Guo Xiaobing
Fellow, China Institute of Contemporary International Relations, Beijing
Faiza Mir
Analyst Balochistan & Tribal Areas

CONTENTS
S.#.

Description

Page

I. Pakistans
Domestic Affairs
of 1
1 Evolution
Democratic
System
.
in Pakistan
M Imtiaz Shahid
2 Bureaucracy: Pill or 1
. Panacea
6
A Critical Analysis of
the
Role
of
Bureaucracy
in
Pakistan
Dr. Aftab Ahmed
Mangi, Dr. Hakim Ali
Kanasro, Prof. Dr.
Aslam Pervez
Memon
3 Managing Local
. Governance in
Pakistan
Dr. Ghazal Khawaja
Hummayun Akhtar
4 Highlights of
. Economic Survey of
Pakistan 2014-15

1
9

2
4

Ministry of Finance
5 Social Problems in 3
. Pakistan
4
Rana Saad Iqbal,
Muhammad Ather
Shehzad, Ather
Abdul Jabbar, Qazi
Muhammad Ubaid

II. Pakistans
External Affairs
6 Pakistan and India 3
. Relations
Since 8
1947
7 A Short History of 4
. the
India-Pakistan 1
Conflict
8 Indian Role in
. Balochistan
M Imtiaz Shahid
9 Pak-China
. Economic Corridor:
The
Hopes
and
Reality
Aarish U. Khan

4
4
4
5

1 Pakistan
and 5
0 Shanghai
8
. Cooperation
Organization
Dr. Zahid Ali Khan

Pakistan - Afghan Relations:


Historic Mirror
Mohib Ullah Durani & Ashraf
Khan

66

12.

Pakistan-Russia Relations: Progress, Prospects and Constraints


Muhammad Hanif

78

13.

Pakistan Iran Relations

88
Wikipedia

14.

What Pakistan and Saudi Arabia Want from Each Other


Jonah Blank

94

15.

Yemen Crisis and Pakistan: A Holistic Overview

96

Khalid Iqbal
16.

Pakistans Relations with Indonesia


Wikipedia

103

17.

Pakistan-Turkey Relations
Ayesha Aijaz, Samreen Akhlaque & Syeda Sahar Nadeem

105

18.

Historical Perspective of Pakistan USA Relations: Lessons for Pakistan


Umbreen Javaid & Imrana Mushtaq

117

19.

Pakistan and the United Nations


Wikipedia

128

20.

Pakistan & SAARC

132
M Imtiaz Shahid

21.

Pakistan & ECO

137
Memoona Shahid

22.

Pakistans Option: SAARC or ECO?


Javid Husain

140

23.

Pakistan and the OIC

144
CSS Forum

24.

WTO & Its Impact on Pakistan Economy


Wajahat Ali Ghulam

25.

International Security

147

III. Global Issues


153
Kathleen H. Hicks
26.

International Political Economy


Hazzel D Wario

211

27.

World Population Prospects: Key Findings


World Population Prospects: The 2015 Revision Summary and Key
Findings
Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division, United
Nations

197

28.

World Population Policies


United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs

205

29.

Terrorism and Counter Terrorism


United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs

209

30.

Counter Terrorism

216

31.

Revisiting Counter-terrorism Strategies in Pakistan: Opportunities and


Pitfalls
ICG Report

218

32.

The New Geopolitics of Energy Resources Global Energy Politics and


Supply Security
Dr. Stefano Casertano
Nuclear Proliferation & Nuclear Safety and Security
Asim Cheema

233

34.

The Road to Pakistans Dismemberment: 1971


Maryam Mastoor

305

35.

Nuclear Politics and South Asia

301

33.

283

S. Iftikhar Murshed
36.

International Trade

311

Doha Development Round

315

Bali Package

320
Professor Raashid Mukhtar

Cooperation and Competition in Arabian Sea, Indian and Pacific


Oceans
37.

Arabian Sea

322
322

Dr. Samiullah
38.

Maritime Force Postures in the Arabian Sea History

324

ukessays.com
39.

Importance of Arabian Sea becomes clearer

326

Asif Ezdi
40.

Indian Ocean: Global and Regional Strategies


Iram Khalid

328

41.

A New Regional Cold War?

336

American and Chinese Posturing in the Pacific


Steven Ratuva
42.

Geopolitical Value of Gwader for the Region (Mainly for Pakistan, China
and the Region)

345

Naheeda Naseem
43.

Millennium Development Goals

352

United Nations
44.

The Millennium Development Goals Report 2015

356

United Nations Report


45.

Globalization: Theory and Experience

361

Infed.org
46.

The Pros and Cons of Globalization

367

Mike Collins
47.

Impact of Globalization on Pakistan

369

Mahroo Shahzad

Middle East Crisis


48.

Crisis in the Middle East: The End of a Country, and the Start of a New
Dark Age

372

Patrick Cockburn
49.

Syria: The Story of the Conflict

375

Lucy Rodgers, David Gritten, James Offer and Patrick Asare


50.

The Islamic State: From al-Qaeda Affiliate to Caliphate

377

Ahmed S. Hashim
51.

Kashmir Issue

386
M Imtiaz Shahid

52.

Primer on Palestine, Israel and the Arab-Israeli Conflict


Middle East Research and Information Project

395

(ii)

(iii)

(v)

(vi)

(vii)

(viii)

Book
Ninety Three
Editor in Chief

M Imtiaz Shahid

(Special Issue)

Backed by:
Council on Contemporary Affairs, Pakistan
(Lahore, London, Washington D.C.)

17-2nd Floor, Muslim Centre, Chatter Jee Road,


Urdu Bazaar, Lahore.
Ph. 042 37360555, 35056955
mailto: advancedpublisherspk@gmail.com