Migration: An issue of Development

May-an (Maria Angela) dlc. Villalba Unlad Kabayan Migrant Services Foundation Quezon City, Philippines

Global Economic Crisis

 

Derivatives - Financial weapons of mass destruction (Warren Buffet) Government failure to regulate greed Taxpayer pays for greed and lack of regulation – trillions of US$

Climate Change
Unsustainable economy & ecosystems  Loss of lives, property & assets  Relief, rehabilitation and relocation costs

Crisis in Values
Selfish individualism - Personal advancement and interest vs common good  Consumerism - unsustainable consumption & waste  Greed – insatiable lust for money and material wealth

Hubris – arrogance derived from delusion that the mere size of one’s holdings alone will insulate one from any economic distress

Impact on Migration
• • • • • Retrenchment, lay-offs, repatriation Protectionism and stringent border control Localization labor policy Decrease in remittances Emergence of “environmental migrants” 36 million people were displaced in 2008 • 70 million move from developing countries to developed countries

Impact on economy
 Job losses – jobless growth?  Reduced remittances  Lower consumption (PCI)  Foreign investments at cross purposes Mining in precarious areas Long term lease of prime agricultural land  Focus on “green jobs and green growth” Marine preservation – “tuna ban” may cost 150,000 jobs in tuna industry

Migration & development nexus
 Overseas work has improved our standard of living and quality of life.  We prefer living and working at home if our needs are adequately met.  We will continue working overseas:  3-5 years  until all my kids finish college  for as long as it is possible.

International migration is a power problem!
A new face of an old problem Migration will continue:  Demographic factor – ageing population  Structural labor imbalance  Poverty and underdevelopment in origin countries  Wage differentials and opportunities for advancement in destination countries

Savings, Investment & Entrepreneurship
Reversing the power imbalance

 Savings
reduce vulnerability build capital

 Investment
plan for productive return and re-integration Creating financial value Accessing productive assets

 Entrepreneurship
building productive activity Creating jobs

Migrant entrepreneurs
Famdev Integrated Farm
Malaybalay, Bukidnon

Matin-ao Rice Center
Mainit, Surigao del Norte

Issues in entrepreneurship
 Bearing the cost of (under) development

 Access to technology

Issues…
 Underdeveloped conditions for local entrepreneurship
 Vagaries of the market, e.g. rice crisis, importation, etc.  Lack of incentives and protection  Legal disincentives: high corporate tax; long and expensive process of business registration; shipping-transport cartels; cabotage law; etc.  Corrupt practices  Quality of labor – “Pwede na” culture

Issues…
Access to and high cost of capital

Challenges to migration and Development
 Breaking the cycle of dependency  Building the entrepreneurial mindset, spirit and skills  Building the minimum conditions of viable enterprises

Challenge to policy makers
 Dealing with power agendas and competing interests  Building the entrepreneurial mindset, spirit and skills  Invest and enable the development of the nation’s assets that lower the cost of development  Development Plan – coherent and wise use of national patrimony

Policy recommendations
 Strengthen regular migration channels  Regularize undocumented migrants and their children  Increase access of migrants to continuing education and skills training and upgrading.  Provide migrant workers the same education and training opportunities in the workplace as local workers.

Policy recommendations
 Enable the development of the nation’s assets  Effective support to MSME – lower cost of capital  Legislate an enabling policy for OFW and social enterprises  Coherent and strategic use of national patrimony (assets)  Lower the cost of development: infrastructure support, access to technology, R&D

Mag-impok, Mamuhunan Itatag ang kabuhayan sa sariling Bayan!
Maraming Salamat Po!

Unlad Kabayan Migrant Services Foundation 73 Maningning Street, Teachers Village West, 1101 Quezon City Phone: 794 1399/ Telefax: 433 1292 / unlad_kabayan@globelines.com.ph