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Project

First Saved

Wednesday, September 09, 2015

Last Saved

Thursday, September 10, 2015

Product Version

14.0 Release

Save Project Before Solution

No

Save Project After Solution

No

Contents

Units

Model (B4)
o

Geometry

Parts

bullet

Parts

Coordinate Systems

Symmetry

Symmetry Region

Connections

Contacts

Body Interactions

Body Interaction

Mesh

Mesh Controls

Named Selections

Explicit Dynamics (B5)

Initial Conditions

Initial Condition

Analysis Settings

Solution (B6)

Solution Information

Results

Material Data
o

STEEL 4340

Rubber1

Structural Steel

LEAD

Units
Unit System

TABLE 1
Metric (m, kg, N, s, V, A) Degrees rad/s Celsius

Angle

Degrees

Rotational Velocity

rad/s

Temperature

Celsius

Model (B4)
Geometry
Object Name

TABLE 2
Model (B4) > Geometry
Geometry

State

Fully Defined
Definition

Source C:\Users\DELL\Documents\Oblique_penetration_files\dp0\Geom\DM\Geom.agdb
Type

DesignModeler

Length Unit

Millimeters

Display Style

Material
Bounding Box

Length X

0.3 m

Length Y

0.1 m

Length Z

0.1003 m
Properties

Volume

3.5223e-004 m

Mass

2.7447 kg

Scale Factor Value

1.
Statistics

Bodies

20

Active Bodies

20

Nodes

6942

Elements

5395

Mesh Metric

None
Basic Geometry Options

Parameters

Yes

Parameter Key

DS

Attributes

No

Named Selections

No

Material Properties

No
Advanced Geometry Options

Use Associativity

Yes

Coordinate Systems

No

Reader Mode Saves


Updated File

No

Use Instances

Yes

Smart CAD Update

No

Attach File Via Temp


File

Yes

Temporary Directory

C:\Users\DELL\AppData\Local\Temp

Analysis Type

3-D

Decompose Disjoint
Faces

Yes

Enclosure and
Symmetry Processing

Yes

Object Name

TABLE 3
Model (B4) > Geometry > Parts
rubber spacer
plate 1
plate 2
1

State

rubber spacer
2

Meshed
Graphics Properties

Visible

Yes

Transparency

1
Definition

Suppressed

No

Stiffness Behavior

Flexible

Coordinate System

Default Coordinate System

Reference
Temperature

By Environment

Reference Frame

Lagrangian
Material

Assignment

STEEL 4340

Rubber1

Bounding Box
Length X

0.3 m

3.0888e-002 m

Length Y

0.1 m

3.0888e-002 m

Length Z

5.e-003 m
Properties

Volume
Mass

1.4372e-004 m

9.0755e-007 m

1.1253 kg

9.0755e-004 kg

rubber spacer
3

Centroid X

-9.3386e-018
m

Centroid Y
Centroid Z

-3.5229e-017
m

-9.9996e-002 m
7.5004e-002
m

5.e-002 m
2.5e-003 m

0.1 m

2.5004e-002
m

1.25e-002 m

7.5004e-002
m

7.5e-003 m

Moment of Inertia Ip1

9.4928e-004 kgm

9.637e-008 kgm

Moment of Inertia Ip2

8.3204e-003 kgm

9.6265e-008 kgm

Moment of Inertia Ip3

9.265e-003 kgm

1.8886e-007 kgm

Statistics
Nodes

2256

2208

198

192

198

Elements

1038

1015

76

68

76

Mesh Metric

Object Name

None
TABLE 4
Model (B4) > Geometry > Parts
Steel washer Steel washer
rubber spacer 4
1
2

State

Steel washer
3

Steel washer
4

Meshed
Graphics Properties

Visible

Yes

Transparency

1
Definition

Suppressed

No

Stiffness Behavior

Flexible

Coordinate System

Default Coordinate System

Reference
Temperature

By Environment

Reference Frame

Lagrangian
Material

Assignment

Rubber1

STEEL 4340
Bounding Box

Length X

3.0888e-002 m

3.5768e-002 m

Length Y

3.0888e-002 m

3.5768e-002 m

Length Z

5.e-003 m

2.e-003 m
Properties

Volume

9.0755e-007 m

1.6191e-006 m

Mass

9.0755e-004 kg

1.2677e-002 kg

Centroid X

0.1 m

Centroid Y

2.5004e-002 m

Centroid Z

7.5e-003 m

Moment of Inertia Ip1 9.637e-008 kgm

-0.1 m
7.5e-002 m

0.1 m

2.5e-002 m

7.5e-002 m

-1.e-003 m
1.2027e-006 kgm

Moment of Inertia Ip2

9.6265e-008
kgm

1.2027e-006 kgm

Moment of Inertia Ip3

1.8886e-007

2.3969e-006 kgm

2.5e-002 m

kgm
Statistics
Nodes

195

90

94

90

Elements

72

32

33

32

Mesh Metric

None

TABLE 5
Model (B4) > Geometry > Parts
Steel washer Steel washer Steel washer
Object Name
5
6
7
State

Steel washer
8

Bolt 1

Meshed
Graphics Properties

Visible

Yes

Transparency

1
Definition

Suppressed

No

Stiffness Behavior

Flexible

Coordinate System

Default Coordinate System

Reference
Temperature

By Environment

Reference Frame

Lagrangian
Material

Assignment

STEEL 4340
Bounding Box

Length X

3.5768e-002 m

2.5043e-002 m

Length Y

3.5768e-002 m

2.7879e-002 m

Length Z

2.e-003 m

3.2e-002 m

Properties
Volume

1.6191e-006 m

9.3895e-006 m

Mass

1.2677e-002 kg

7.352e-002 kg

Centroid X
Centroid Y

-0.1 m
7.5e-002 m

0.1 m

2.5e-002 m

Centroid Z

-1.e-001 m

7.5e-002 m

2.5e-002 m

1.6e-002 m

9.567e-003 m

Moment of Inertia Ip1

1.2027e-006 kgm

1.0945e-005
kgm

Moment of Inertia Ip2

1.2027e-006 kgm

1.0945e-005
kgm

Moment of Inertia Ip3

2.3969e-006 kgm

4.3996e-006
kgm

Statistics
Nodes

90

94

90

159

Elements

32

33

32

405

Mesh Metric

None

TABLE 6
Model (B4) > Geometry > Parts
Object Name
Bolt 2
Bolt 3
State

Bolt 4

Meshed
Graphics Properties

Visible

Yes

Transparency

1
Definition

Suppressed

No

Stiffness Behavior

Flexible

Coordinate System

Default Coordinate System

Reference Temperature

By Environment

Reference Frame

Lagrangian
Material

Assignment

STEEL 4340
Bounding Box

Length X

2.5043e-002 m

Length Y

2.7879e-002 m

Length Z

3.2e-002 m
Properties

Volume

9.3895e-006 m

Mass

7.352e-002 kg

Centroid X

-1.e-001 m

Centroid Y

7.5e-002 m

1.e-001 m
2.5e-002 m

Centroid Z

7.5e-002 m

9.567e-003 m

Moment of Inertia Ip1

1.0945e-005 kgm

Moment of Inertia Ip2

1.0945e-005 kgm

Moment of Inertia Ip3

4.3996e-006 kgm
Statistics

Nodes

159

167

163

Elements

404

443

427

Mesh Metric

None

TABLE 7
Model (B4) > Geometry > Body Groups
Object Name
bullet
State

Meshed

Graphics Properties
Visible

Yes
Definition

Suppressed

No

Assignment

Multiple Materials

Coordinate System

Default Coordinate System

Bounding Box
Length X

4.925e-002 m

Length Y

1.e-002 m

Length Z

7.5304e-002 m
Properties

Volume

1.0654e-005 m

Mass

9.5001e-002 kg

Centroid X

2.3558e-002 m

Centroid Y

3.9377e-003 m

Centroid Z

-4.0803e-002 m

Moment of Inertia Ip1

3.6603e-005 kgm

Moment of Inertia Ip2

3.8071e-005 kgm

Moment of Inertia Ip3

2.7095e-006 kgm
Statistics

Nodes

319

Elements

1113

Mesh Metric

None

TABLE 8
Model (B4) > Geometry > bullet > Parts
Object Name
case
State

core

Meshed
Graphics Properties

Visible

Yes

Transparency

1
Definition

Suppressed

No

Stiffness Behavior

Flexible

Coordinate System

Default Coordinate System

Reference Temperature

By Environment

Reference Frame

Lagrangian
Material

Assignment

Structural Steel

LEAD

Bounding Box
Length X

4.925e-002 m

3.8477e-002 m

Length Y

1.e-002 m

6.e-003 m

Length Z

7.5304e-002 m

5.5314e-002 m

Properties
Volume

7.3972e-006 m

3.2569e-006 m

Mass

5.8068e-002 kg

3.6933e-002 kg

Centroid X

2.353e-002 m

2.3602e-002 m

Centroid Y

4.8309e-003 m

2.5333e-003 m

Centroid Z

-4.0754e-002 m

-4.0879e-002 m

Moment of Inertia Ip1

2.6232e-005 kgm

1.0251e-005 kgm

Moment of Inertia Ip2

2.7584e-005 kgm

1.0487e-005 kgm

Moment of Inertia Ip3

2.1705e-006 kgm

4.1904e-007 kgm

Statistics
Nodes

288

107

Elements

842

271

Mesh Metric

None

Coordinate Systems
TABLE 9
Model (B4) > Coordinate Systems > Coordinate System
Object Name
Global Coordinate System
State

ZXPlane

Fully Defined
Definition

Type

Cartesian
Origin

Origin X

0. m

Origin Y

0. m

Origin Z

0. m

Define By

Global Coordinates

Location

Defined
Directional Vectors

X Axis Data

[ 1. 0. 0. ]

[ 0. 0. 1. ]

Y Axis Data

[ 0. 1. 0. ]

[ 1. 0. 0. ]

Z Axis Data

[ 0. 0. 1. ]

[ 0. 1. 0. ]

Principal Axis
Axis

Define By

Fixed Vector

Orientation About Principal Axis


Axis

Define By

Fixed Vector
Transformations

Base Configuration

Absolute

Transformed Configuration

[ 0. 0. 0. ]

Symmetry
TABLE 10
Model (B4) > Symmetry
Object Name

Symmetry

State
Fully Defined
TABLE 11
Model (B4) > Symmetry > Symmetry Region
Object Name
Symmetry Region

State

Fully Defined

Scope
Scoping Method

Named Selection

Named Selection

Symmetry:ZXPlane

Definition
Scope Mode

Automatic

Coordinate System

ZXPlane

Symmetry Normal

Z Axis

Suppressed

No

Connections
TABLE 12
Model (B4) > Connections
Object Name

Connections

State

Fully Defined

Auto Detection
Generate Automatic Connection On Refresh

Yes

Transparency
Enabled
TABLE 13
Model (B4) > Connections > Contacts
Object Name
Contacts
State

Fully Defined

Definition
Connection Type

Contact
Scope

Scoping Method

Geometry Selection

Geometry

All Bodies

Auto Detection
Tolerance Type

Slider

Tolerance Slider

0.

Tolerance Value

8.2939e-004 m

Use Range

No

Face/Face

Yes

Face/Edge

No

Edge/Edge

No

Priority

Include All

Group By

Bodies

Search Across
Bodies
TABLE 14
Model (B4) > Connections > Body Interactions
Object Name
Body Interactions
State

Fully Defined

Yes

Advanced
Contact Detection

Trajectory

Formulation

Penalty

Body Self Contact

Yes

Element Self Contact

Yes

Tolerance
0.2
TABLE 15
Model (B4) > Connections > Body Interactions > Body Interaction
Object Name
Body Interaction
State

Fully Defined
Scope

Scoping Method

Geometry Selection

Geometry

All Bodies
Definition

Type

Frictionless

Suppressed

No

Mesh
TABLE 16
Model (B4) > Mesh
Object Name

Mesh

State

Solved

Physics Preference

Explicit

Defaults
Relevance

Sizing
Use Advanced Size Function
Relevance Center
Element Size
Initial Size Seed

Off
Medium
6.e-003 m
Active Assembly

Smoothing

High

Transition

Slow

Span Angle Center


Minimum Edge Length

Coarse
2.3182e-003 m

Inflation
Use Automatic Inflation

None

Inflation Option

Smooth Transition

Transition Ratio

0.272

Maximum Layers

Growth Rate

1.2

Inflation Algorithm

Pre

View Advanced Options

No

Patch Conforming Options

Triangle Surface Mesher

Program Controlled

Advanced
Shape Checking

Explicit

Element Midside Nodes

Dropped

Straight Sided Elements


Number of Retries

Default (4)

Extra Retries For Assembly

Yes

Rigid Body Behavior

Full Mesh

Mesh Morphing

Disabled

Defeaturing
Pinch Tolerance

Please Define

Generate Pinch on Refresh

No

Automatic Mesh Based Defeaturing

On

Defeaturing Tolerance

Default

Statistics
Nodes

6942

Elements

5395

Mesh Metric
TABLE 17
Model (B4) > Mesh > Mesh Controls
Object Name
Patch Independent
State

None

Body Sizing

Fully Defined

Scope
Scoping Method

Geometry Selection

Geometry

2 Bodies

Definition
Suppressed
Method

No
Tetrahedrons

Algorithm

Patch Independent

Element Midside Nodes

Use Global Setting

Type

Sphere of Influence

Sphere Center

ZXPlane

Sphere Radius

4.e-002 m

Element Size

3.e-003 m

Advanced
Defined By
Max Element Size
Feature Angle
Mesh Based Defeaturing

Max Element Size


5.e-003 m
30.0
Off

Curvature and Proximity Refinement

No

Smooth Transition

Off

Growth Rate

Default

Minimum Edge Length

2.3182e-003 m

Match Mesh Where Possible

Yes

Write ICEM CFD Files

No

Named Selections
TABLE 18
Model (B4) > Named Selections > Named Selections
Object Name
Symmetry:ZXPlane
State

Fully Defined

Scope
Scoping Method
Geometry

Geometry Selection
4 Faces

Definition
Send to Solver

No

Visible

Yes

Program Controlled Inflation

Exclude

Statistics
Type

Imported

Total Selection

4 Faces

Suppressed

Used by Mesh Worksheet

No

Explicit Dynamics (B5)


TABLE 19
Model (B4) > Analysis
Object Name

Explicit Dynamics (B5)

State

Solved

Definition
Physics Type

Structural

Analysis Type

Explicit Dynamics

Solver Target

AUTODYN

Options
Environment Temperature

22. C

Generate Input Only


No
TABLE 20
Model (B4) > Explicit Dynamics (B5) > Initial Conditions
Object Name
Initial Conditions
State

Fully Defined
TABLE 21
Model (B4) > Explicit Dynamics (B5) > Initial Conditions > Initial Condition
Object Name
Pre-Stress (None)
Velocity
State

Fully Defined
Definition

Pre-Stress Environment

None

Input Type

Velocity

Define By

Vector

Total

300. m/s

Direction

Defined

Suppressed

No
Scope

Scoping Method

Geometry Selection

Geometry

2 Bodies

TABLE 22
Model (B4) > Explicit Dynamics (B5) > Analysis Settings
Object Name
Analysis Settings
State

Fully Defined
Step Controls

Resume From Cycle

Maximum Number of Cycles

1e+07

End Time

1.5e-004 s

Maximum Energy Error

0.1

Reference Energy Cycle

Initial Time Step

Program Controlled

Minimum Time Step

Program Controlled

Maximum Time Step

Program Controlled

Time Step Safety Factor

0.9

Characteristic Dimension

Diagonals

Automatic Mass Scaling

No
Solver Controls

Precision
Solve Units

Double
mm, mg, ms

Beam Solution Type

Bending

Beam Time Step Safety Factor

0.5

Hex Integration Type

Exact

Shell Sublayers

Shell Shear Correction Factor

0.8333

Shell BWC Warp Correction

Yes

Shell Thickness Update


Tet Integration
Shell Inertia Update
Density Update

Nodal
Average Nodal Pressure
Recompute
Program Controlled

Minimum Velocity

1.e-006 m s^-1

Maximum Velocity

1.e+010 m s^-1

Radius Cutoff

1.e-003
Euler Domain Controls

Domain Size Definition

Program Controlled

Display Euler Domain

Yes

Scope

All Bodies

X Scale factor

1.2

Y Scale factor

1.2

Z Scale factor

1.2

Domain Resolution Definition

Total Cells

Total Cells

2.5e+05

Lower X Face

Flow Out

Lower Y Face

Flow Out

Lower Z Face

Flow Out

Upper X Face

Flow Out

Upper Y Face

Flow Out

Upper Z Face

Flow Out

Euler Tracking

By Body
Damping Controls

Linear Artificial Viscosity

0.2

Quadratic Artificial Viscosity

1.

Linear Viscosity in Expansion

No

Hourglass Damping

AUTODYN Standard

Viscous Coefficient

0.1

Static Damping

0.
Erosion Controls

On Geometric Strain Limit

Yes

Geometric Strain Limit

1.5

On Material Failure

No

On Minimum Element Time


Step

No

Retain Inertia of Eroded


Material

Yes
Output Controls

Save Results on

Equally Spaced Points

Number of points

20

Save Restart Files on

Equally Spaced Points

Number of points
Save Result Tracker Data on

5
Cycles

Cycles

1
Analysis Data Management

Solver Files Directory C:\Users\DELL\Documents\Oblique_penetration_files\dp0\SYS\MECH\


Scratch Solver Files Directory

Solution (B6)

TABLE 23
Model (B4) > Explicit Dynamics (B5) > Solution
Object Name
Solution (B6)
State

Solved

Information
Status
Done
TABLE 24
Model (B4) > Explicit Dynamics (B5) > Solution (B6) > Solution Information
Object Name
Solution Information
State

Solved

Solution Information
Solution Output

Solver Output

Update Interval

2.5 s

Display Points

All

Display Filter During Solve


Yes
TABLE 25
Model (B4) > Explicit Dynamics (B5) > Solution (B6) > Results
Object Name
Total Deformation
Equivalent Stress
State

Solved
Scope

Scoping Method

Geometry Selection

Geometry

All Bodies
Definition

Type

Total Deformation

Equivalent (von-Mises) Stress

By

Time

Display Time

Last

Calculate Time History

Yes

Identifier
Suppressed

No
Results

Minimum

1.0059e-008 m

0. Pa

Maximum

3.9978e-002 m

9.9062e+010 Pa

Bolt 2

plate 1

Minimum Occurs On
Maximum Occurs On

case
Minimum Value Over Time

Minimum

0. m

0. Pa

Maximum

1.187e-008 m

0. Pa

Maximum Value Over Time


Minimum

0. m

0. Pa

Maximum

3.9978e-002 m

1.1794e+011 Pa

Information
Time

1.5007e-004 s

Set

21
Integration Point Results

Display Option

Averaged

FIGURE 1
Model (B4) > Explicit Dynamics (B5) > Solution (B6) > Total Deformation

TABLE 26
Model (B4) > Explicit Dynamics (B5) > Solution (B6) > Total Deformation
Time [s]
Minimum [m]
Maximum [m]
1.1755e-038

0.

7.5055e-006

2.2517e-003

1.5082e-005

4.5243e-003

2.2568e-005

0.

6.7657e-003

3.0056e-005

9.2764e-003

3.7545e-005

1.2209e-002

4.5031e-005

1.4394e-002

5.2518e-005

1.7873e-011

1.6569e-002

6.0065e-005

1.9751e-009

1.8713e-002

6.7552e-005

4.9177e-009

2.2159e-002

7.504e-005

5.5749e-009

2.3557e-002

8.2513e-005

7.5931e-009

2.538e-002

9.0029e-005

4.3367e-009

2.7258e-002

9.75e-005

1.1701e-008

2.8965e-002

1.0507e-004

7.3125e-009

3.0863e-002

1.1255e-004

1.187e-008

3.2523e-002

1.2003e-004

1.1347e-008

3.4002e-002

1.2756e-004

7.6358e-009

3.5466e-002

1.3508e-004

1.0937e-008

3.7051e-002

1.4257e-004

9.9377e-009

3.8648e-002

1.5007e-004

1.0059e-008
3.9978e-002
FIGURE 2
Model (B4) > Explicit Dynamics (B5) > Solution (B6) > Equivalent Stress

TABLE 27
Model (B4) > Explicit Dynamics (B5) > Solution (B6) > Equivalent Stress
Time [s]
Minimum [Pa]
Maximum [Pa]
1.1755e-038

0.

0.

7.5055e-006

3.6351e+010

1.5082e-005

2.9347e+010

2.2568e-005

2.932e+010

3.0056e-005

7.6897e+010

3.7545e-005

1.145e+011

4.5031e-005

1.0945e+011

5.2518e-005

1.1323e+011

6.0065e-005

1.1794e+011

6.7552e-005

8.4852e+010

7.504e-005

9.7766e+010

8.2513e-005

9.648e+010

9.0029e-005

9.2069e+010

9.75e-005

8.946e+010

1.0507e-004

9.5376e+010

1.1255e-004

9.2203e+010

1.2003e-004

9.5194e+010

1.2756e-004

9.6897e+010

1.3508e-004

9.7828e+010

1.4257e-004

9.9359e+010

1.5007e-004

9.9062e+010

Material Data
STEEL 4340
TABLE 28
STEEL 4340 > Constants
Density

7830 kg m^-3

Specific Heat

477 J kg^-1 C^-1


TABLE 29
STEEL 4340 > Bulk Modulus
Bulk Modulus Pa

Initial Yield
Stress Pa

1.59e+011
TABLE 30
STEEL 4340 > Johnson Cook Strength
Thermal
Hardening Strain Rate
Melting
Softening
Exponent
Constant
Temperature C
Exponent

Hardening
Constant Pa

7.92e+008

5.1e+008

0.26

1.4e-002
1.03
TABLE 31
STEEL 4340 > Shear Modulus

1519.8

Reference
Strain Rate
(/sec)
1

Shear Modulus Pa
8.18e+010

Rubber1
TABLE 32
Rubber1 > Constants
Density

Materi
Materi
al Materi
Material
al Const
al
Constant
Const
ant Const
MU1 Pa
ant A1 MU2 ant A2
Pa
6.1803e+
005

1.3

Structural Steel

1180

1000 kg m^-3

TABLE 33
Rubber1 > Ogden 3rd Order
Materi
al Materi Incompressi Incompressi Incompressi
Const
al
bility
bility
bility Temperat
ant Const
Parameter
Parameter
Parameter
ure C
MU3 ant A3
D1 Pa^-1
D2 Pa^-1
D3 Pa^-1
Pa
-9810

-2

4.825e-009

TABLE 34
Structural Steel > Constants
Density

7850 kg m^-3

Coefficient of Thermal Expansion

1.2e-005 C^-1

Specific Heat

434 J kg^-1 C^-1

Thermal Conductivity

60.5 W m^-1 C^-1

Resistivity
1.7e-007 ohm m
TABLE 35
Structural Steel > Compressive Ultimate Strength
Compressive Ultimate Strength Pa
0
TABLE 36
Structural Steel > Compressive Yield Strength
Compressive Yield Strength Pa
2.5e+008
TABLE 37
Structural Steel > Tensile Yield Strength
Tensile Yield Strength Pa
2.5e+008
TABLE 38
Structural Steel > Tensile Ultimate Strength
Tensile Ultimate Strength Pa
4.6e+008
TABLE 39
Structural Steel > Isotropic Secant Coefficient of Thermal Expansion
Reference Temperature C
22
TABLE 40
Structural Steel > Alternating Stress Mean Stress
Alternating Stress Pa
Cycles
10

2.827e+009

20

1.896e+009

50

1.413e+009

100

1.069e+009

200

4.41e+008

2000

2.62e+008

10000

2.14e+008

20000

1.38e+008

1.e+005

1.14e+008

2.e+005

8.62e+007

Strength

Mean Stress Pa

3.999e+009

1.e+006
TABLE 41
Structural Steel > Strain-Life Parameters
Strength
Ductility
Ductility
Cyclic Strength

Cyclic Strain

Coefficient Pa

Exponent

9.2e+008

Coefficient

-0.106

Temperature C

Exponent

Coefficient Pa Hardening Exponent

0.213

-0.47
1.e+009
TABLE 42
Structural Steel > Isotropic Elasticity
Young's Modulus Pa Poisson's Ratio
Bulk Modulus Pa

0.2

Shear Modulus Pa

2.e+011

0.3
1.6667e+011
TABLE 43
Structural Steel > Isotropic Relative Permeability

7.6923e+010

Relative Permeability
10000

LEAD
TABLE 44
LEAD > Constants
Density

11340 kg m^-3

Specific Heat

Gruneisen Coefficient

124 J kg^-1 C^-1

TABLE 45
LEAD > Shock EOS Linear
Parameter C1 m s^-1 Parameter S1

2.74

Parameter Quadratic S2 s m^-1

1.429
0
TABLE 46
LEAD > Steinberg Guinan Strength
Initial
Maximum Hardening Hardening Derivative
Derivative Derivative
Yield Yield Stress Constant B Exponent n dG/dP G'P dG/dT G'T Pa dY/dP Y'P
Stress Y
Ymax Pa
C^-1
Pa
8.e+006

1.e+008

2006

110

0.52

-9.976e+006

9.304e004

Melting
Temperature
Tmelt C
486.85

TABLE 47
LEAD > Shear Modulus
Shear Modulus Pa
8.6e+009