This article discusses the essential network ports, protocols and services that are used by Microsoft client

and server operating systems, server-based programs and their subcomponents in the Microsoft Windows server system. Administrators and support professionals may use this Microsoft Knowledge Base article as a road-map to determine what ports and protocols Microsoft operating systems and programs require for network connectivity in a segmented network. The port information in this article should not be used to configure Windows Firewall. For information about configuring Windows Firewall, visit the following Microsoft Web sites: http://technet2.microsoft.com/windowsserver/en/library/6490c9fc-6c06-4304-b61c5577af1445d01033.mspx http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/network/bb545423.aspx The Windows server system includes a comprehensive and integrated infrastructure that is designed to meet the requirements of developers and of information technology (IT) professionals. This system is designed to run programs and solutions that information workers can use to obtain, to analyze, and to share information quickly and easily. These Microsoft client, server and server program products use a variety of network ports and protocols to communicate with client systems and with other server systems over the network. Dedicated firewalls, host-based firewalls, and Internet Protocol security (IPsec) filters are other important components that are required to help secure your network. However, if these technologies are configured to block ports and protocols that are used by a specific server, that server will no longer respond to client requests. Back to the top Overview The following list provides an overview of the information that this article contains: • The "System services ports" section of this article contains a brief description of each service, displays the logical name of that service, and indicates the ports and protocols that each service requires for correct operation. Use this section to help identify the ports and protocols that a particular service uses. • The "Ports and protocols" section of this article includes a table that summarizes the information from the "System Services Ports" section. The

table is sorted by port number instead of by the service name. Use this section to quickly determine which services listen on a particular port. Important This article contains several references to the default dynamic port range. In Windows Server 2008 and in Windows Vista, the default dynamic port range is changed to the following range: • • Start port: 49152 End port: 65535

For more information about the changes in Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base: 929851 The default dynamic port range for TCP/IP has changed in Windows Vista and in Windows Server 2008 This article uses certain terms in specific ways. To help avoid confusion, make sure that you understand how this document uses these terms. The following list describes these terms: • System services: The Windows server system includes many products, such as the Microsoft Windows 2000 Server family, Microsoft Windows Server 2003 family, Microsoft Exchange 2000 Server, and Microsoft SQL Server 2000. Each of these products include many components; system services is one of those components. System services that are required by a particular computer are either started automatically by the operating system during startup or are started as required during typical operations. For example, some system services that are available on computers that are running Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition, include the Server service, the Print Spooler service, and the World Wide Web Publishing Service. Each system service has a friendly service name and a service name. The friendly service name is the name that appears in graphical management tools such as the Services Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-in. The service name is the name that is used with command-line tools and with many scripting languages. Each system service may provide one or more network services. • Application protocol: In the context of this article, an application protocol is a high-level network protocol that uses one or more TCP/IP protocols and

ports. Examples of application protocols include Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), server message blocks (SMBs), and Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP). • Protocol: Operating at a lower level than the application protocols, TCP/IP protocols are standard formats for communicating between devices on a network. The TCP/IP suite of protocols includes TCP, User Datagram Protocol (UDP), and Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP). • Port: This is the network port that the system service listens on for incoming network traffic. This article does not specify which services rely on other services for network communication. For example, many services rely on the remote procedure call (RPC) or DCOM features in Microsoft Windows to assign them dynamic TCP ports. The Remote Procedure Call service coordinates requests by other system services that use RPC or DCOM to communicate with client computers. Many other services rely on network basic input/output system (NetBIOS) or SMBs, protocols that are actually provided by the Server service. Others rely on HTTP or on Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS). These protocols are provided by Internet Information Services (IIS). A full discussion of the architecture of the Windows operating systems is beyond the scope of this article. However, detailed documentation on this subject is available on Microsoft TechNet and on the Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN). While many services may rely on a particular TCP or UDP port, only a single service or process can be actively listening on that port at any one time. When you use RPC with TCP/IP or with UDP/IP as the transport, inbound ports are frequently dynamically assigned to system services as required; TCP/IP and UDP/IP ports that are higher than port 1024 are used. These are frequently informally referred to as "random RPC ports." In these cases, RPC clients rely on the RPC endpoint mapper to tell them which dynamic port(s) were assigned to the server. For some RPC-based services, you can configure a specific port instead of letting RPC assign one dynamically. You can also restrict the range of ports that RPC dynamically assigns to a small range, regardless of the service. For more information about this topic, see the "References" section of this article. This article includes information about the system services roles and the server roles for the Microsoft products that are listed in the "Applies to" section at the end of this

article. While this information may also apply to Microsoft Windows XP and to Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional, this article is intended to focus on server-class operating systems. Because of this, this article describes the ports that a service listens on instead of the ports that client programs use to connect to a remote system. Back to the top System services ports This section provides a description of each system service, includes the logical name that corresponds to the system service, and displays the ports and the protocols that each service requires. Active Directory (Local Security Authority) Active Directory runs under the LSASS process and includes the authentication and replication engines for Windows 2000 and Windows Server 2003 domain controllers. Domain controllers, client computers and application servers require network connectivity to Active Directory over specific hard-coded ports in addition to a range of ephemeral TCP ports between 1024 and 65535 unless a tunneling protocol is used to encapsulate such traffic, An encapsulated solution might consist of a VPN gateway located behind a filtering router using Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) together with IPsec. In this encapsulated scenario, you must allow IPsec Encapsulating Security Protocol (ESP) (IP protocol 50), IPsec Network Address Translator Traversal NAT-T (UDP port 4500), and IPsec Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol (ISAKMP) (UDP port 500) through the router as opposed to opening all the ports and protocols listed below. Finally, the port used for Active Directory replication may be hard-coded as described in the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base: 224196 Restricting Active Directory replication traffic and client RPC traffic to a specific port Note Packet filters for L2TP traffic are not required, because L2TP is protected by IPsec ESP. System service name: LSASS Application protocol Global Catalog Server Global Catalog Server Protocol Ports TCP TCP 3269 3268

LDAP Server LDAP Server LDAP SSL LDAP SSL IPsec ISAKMP NAT-T RPC

TCP UDP TCP UDP UDP UDP TCP

389 389 636 636 500 4500 135 1024 - 65535 49152 - 65535²

RPC randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ TCP

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Domain controllers and Active Directory" section in the "References" section. ² This is the range in Windows Server 2008 and in Windows Vista. Application Layer Gateway Service This subcomponent of the Internet Connection Sharing (ICS)/Internet Connection Firewall (ICF) service provides support for plug-ins that allow network protocols to pass through the firewall and work behind Internet Connection Sharing. Application Layer Gateway (ALG) plug-ins can open ports and change data (such as ports and IP addresses) that are embedded in packets. File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is the only network protocol with a plug-in that is included with Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition, and Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition. The ALG FTP plug–in is designed to support active FTP sessions through the network address translation (NAT) engine that these components use. The ALG FTP plug–in supports these sessions by redirecting all traffic that passes through the NAT and that is destined for port 21 to a private listening port in the range of 3000 to 5000 on the loopback adapter. The ALG FTP plug–in then monitors and updates FTP control channel traffic so that the FTP plug-in can forward port mappings through the NAT for the FTP data channels. The FTP plug–in also updates ports in the FTP control channel stream. System service name: ALG Application protocol Protocol Ports FTP control TCP 21

ASP.NET State Service ASP.NET State Service provides support for ASP.NET out-of-process session states. ASP.NET State Service stores session data out-of-process. The service uses

sockets to communicate with ASP.NET that is running on a Web server. System service name: aspnet_state Application protocol Protocol Ports ASP.NET Session State TCP Certificate Services Certificate Services is part of the core operating system. By using Certificate Services, a business can act as its own certification authority (CA). In this way, the business can issue and manage digital certificates for programs and protocols such as Secure/Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (S/MIME), Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), Encrypting File System (EFS), IPsec, and smart card logon. Certificate Services relies on RPC and on DCOM to communicate with clients by using random TCP ports that are higher than port 1024. System service name: CertSvc Application protocol RPC Randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ Protocol Ports TCP TCP 135 random port number between 1024 65535 random port number between 49152 65535² 42424

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM" section in the "References" section. ² This is the range in Windows Server 2008 and in Windows Vista. Cluster Service The Cluster service controls server cluster operations and manages the cluster database. A cluster is a collection of independent computers that act as a single computer. Managers, programmers, and users see the cluster as a single system. The software distributes data among the nodes of the cluster. If a node fails, other nodes provide the services and data that was formerly provided by the missing node. When a node is added or repaired, the cluster software migrates some data to that node. System service name: ClusSvc Application protocol Protocol Ports

Cluster Services RPC Cluster Administrator Randomly allocated high UDP ports¹

UDP TCP UDP UDP

3343 135 137 random port number between 1024 65535 random port number between 49152 65535²

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM" section in the "References" section. ² This is the range in Windows Server 2008 and in Windows Vista Computer Browser The Computer Browser system service maintains an up-to-date list of computers on your network and supplies the list to programs that request it. The Computer Browser service is used by Windows-based computers to view network domains and resources. Computers that are designated as browsers maintain browse lists that contain all shared resources that are used on the network. Earlier versions of Windows programs, such as My Network Places, the net view command, and Windows Explorer, all require browsing capability. For example, when you open My Network Places on a computer that is running Microsoft Windows 95, a list of domains and computers appears. To display this list, the computer obtains a copy of the browse list from a computer that is designated as a browser. System service name: Browser Application protocol Protocol Ports 138 137 139 NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP NetBIOS Name Resolution NetBIOS Session Service DHCP Server The DHCP Server service uses the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) to automatically allocate IP addresses. By using this service, you can adjust the advanced network settings of DHCP clients. For example, you can configure network settings such as Domain Name System (DNS) servers and Windows Internet Name Service (WINS) servers. You can establish one or more DHCP servers to maintain TCP/IP configuration information and to provide that information to client computers. UDP TCP

System service name: DHCPServer Application protocol Protocol Ports DHCP Server MADCAP UDP UDP 67 2535

Distributed File System The Distributed File System (DFS) integrates disparate file shares that are located across a local area network (LAN) or wide area network (WAN) into a single logical namespace. The DFS service is required for Active Directory domain controllers to advertise the SYSVOL shared folder. System service name: Dfs Application protocol NetBIOS Datagram Service NetBIOS Session Service LDAP Server LDAP Server SMB RPC Randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ Protocol Ports UDP TCP TCP UDP TCP TCP TCP 138 139 389 389 445 135 random port number between 1024 65535 random port number between 49152 65535²

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM" section in the "References" section. ² This is the range in Windows Server 2008 and in Windows Vista Distributed File System Replication The Distributed File System Replication (DFSR) service is a state-based, multimaster file replication engine that automatically copies updates to files and folders between computers that are participating in a common replication group. DFSR was added in Windows Server 2003 R2. You can configure DFSR by using the Dfsrdiag.exe command-line tool to replicate files on specific ports, regardless of whether they are participating in Distributed File System Namespaces (DFSN) or not.

System service name: DFSR Application protocol RPC RPC Randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ Protocol Ports TCP TCP TCP 135 5722³ random port number between 1024 65535 random port number between 49152 65535²

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Distributed File Replication Service" section in the "References" section. ² This is the range in Windows Server 2008 and in Windows Vista ³ Port 5722 is only used on 2008 domain controller or 2008R2 domain controller. Distributed Link Tracking Server The Distributed Link Tracking Server system service stores information so that files that are moved between volumes can be tracked to each volume in the domain. The Distributed Link Tracking Server service runs on each domain controller in a domain. This service enables the Distributed Link Tracking Client service to track linked documents that have been moved to a location in another NTFS file system volume in the same domain. System service name: TrkSvr Application protocol RPC Randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ Protocol Ports TCP TCP 135 random port number between 1024 65535 random port number between 49152 65535²

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM" section in the "References" section. ² This is the range in Windows Server 2008 and in Windows Vista Distributed Transaction Coordinator The Distributed Transaction Coordinator (DTC) system service is responsible for coordinating transactions that are distributed across multiple computer systems and resource managers, such as databases, message queues, file systems, or other transaction-protected resource managers. The DTC system service is required if

transactional components are configured through COM+. It is also required for transactional queues in Message Queuing (also known as MSMQ) and SQL Server operations that span multiple systems. System service name: MSDTC Application protocol RPC Randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ Protocol Ports TCP TCP 135 random port number between 1024 65535 random port number between 49152 65535²

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Distributed Transaction Coordinator" section in the "References" section. ² This is the range in Windows Server 2008 and in Windows Vista DNS Server The DNS Server service enables DNS name resolution by answering queries and update requests for DNS names. DNS servers are required to locate devices and services that are identified by using DNS names and to locate domain controllers in Active Directory. System service name: DNS Application protocol Protocol Ports DNS DNS Event Log The Event Log system service logs event messages that are generated by programs and by the Windows operating system. Event Log reports contain information that can be useful in diagnosing problems. Reports are viewed in Event Viewer. The Event Log service writes events that are sent by programs, by services, and by the operating system to log files. The events contain diagnostic information in addition to errors that are specific to the source program, the service, or the component. The logs can be viewed programmatically through the event log APIs or through the Event Viewer in an MMC snap-in. System service name: Eventlog UDP TCP 53 53

Application protocol Protocol Ports RPC/named pipes (NP) TCP RPC/NP RPC/NP RPC/NP TCP UDP UDP 139 445 137 138

Note The Event Log service uses RPC over named pipes. This service has the same firewall requirements as those of the "File and Printer Sharing" feature.

Microsoft Exchange Server and Outlook clients Versions of Microsoft Exchange Server and Exchange clients have various port and protocol requirements. These requirements depend upon which version of Exchange Server or Exchange client is in use. For Outlook clients to connect to versions of Exchange prior to Exchange 2003, direct RPC connectivity to the Exchange server is required. RPC connections made from Outlook to the Exchange server will first contact the RPC endpoint mapper (Port TCP 135) to request information on the port mappings of the various endpoints required. The Outlook client then tries to make connections to the Exchange server directly by using these endpoint ports. Exchange 5.5 uses two ports for client communication. One port is for the Information Store, and one port is for the Directory. Exchange 2000 and 2003 use three ports for client communication. One port is for the Information Store, one is for Directory Referral (RFR), and one port is for DSProxy/NSPI. In most cases, these two or three ports will be mapped randomly into the range TCP 1024-65535. If required, these ports can be configured to always bind to a static port mapping rather than to use the ephemeral ports. For more information about how to configure static TCP/IP ports in Exchange Server, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base: 270836 Exchange Server static port mappings Outlook 2003 clients support direct connectivity to Exchange servers by using RPC. However, these clients can also communicate with Exchange 2003 servers that are

hosted on Windows Server 2003-based computers on the Internet. The use of RPC over HTTP communication between Outlook and Exchange server eliminates the need to expose unauthenticated RPC traffic across the Internet. Instead, traffic between the Outlook 2003 client and the Exchange Server 2003 computer is tunneled within HTTPS packets over TCP port 443 (HTTPS). RPC over HTTPS requires that port TCP 443 (HTTPS) be available between the Outlook 2003 client and the server that is functioning as the "RPCProxy" device. The HTTPS packets are terminated at the RPCProxy server and the unwrapped RPC packets are then passed to the Exchange server on three ports, in similar fashion to the direct RPC traffic described above. These RPC over HTTPS ports on the Exchange server are statically mapped to TCP 6001 (the Information Store), TCP 6002 (Directory Referral), and TCP 6004 (DSProxy/NSPI). No endpoint mapper must be exposed when using RPC over HTTPS communication between Outlook 2003 and Exchange 2003, since Outlook 2003 knows to use these statically mapped endpoint ports. In addition, no global catalog needs to be exposed to the Outlook 2003 client because the DSProxy/NSPI interface on the Exchange 2003 server will provide this functionality. Exchange Server can also provide support for other protocols, such as SMTP, Post Office Protocol 3 (POP3), and IMAP. Application protocol IMAP IMAP over SSL POP3 POP3 over SSL Randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ Protocol Ports TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP 143 993 110 995 random port number between 1024 65535 random port number between 49152 65535² 135 443 or 80 25 25 6001

RPC RPC over HTTPS SMTP SMTP Information Store

TCP TCP TCP UDP TCP

Directory Referral DSProxy/NSPI

TCP TCP

6002 6004

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM" section in the "References" section. ² This is the range in Windows Server 2008 and in Windows Vista. ISA Server

Application protocol Configuration Storage (domain) Configuration Storage (replication) Configuration Storage (workgroup) Firewall Client Application Firewall Client Control Channel Firewall Control Channel RPC Randomly allocated high TCP ports (note 6)

Protocol Ports TCP TCP TCP TCP/UDP TCP/UDP TCP TCP TCP 2171 (note 1) 2173 (note 1) 2172 (note 1) 1025-65535 (note 2) 1745 (note 3) 3847 (note 1) 135 (note 6) random port number between 1024 65535 random port number between 49152 65535 (note 7) 2175 (note 1, 4) 8080 (note 5)

Web Management Web Proxy Client Notes: 1. Not used with ISA 2000

TCP TCP

2. FWC application transport / protocols are negotiated within the FWC control channel 3. ISA 2000 FWC control defaults to UDP; ISA 2004 and 2006 default to TCP. 4. Firewall Web Management is used by OEM to provide non-MMC management of ISA Server 5. Also used for intra-array traffic. 6. Used only by the ISA management MMC during remote server and service status monitoring. 7. This is the range in Windows Server 2008 and in Windows Vista.

Fax Service Fax Service, a Telephony API (TAPI)–compliant system service, provides fax capabilities. By using Fax Service, users can send and receive faxes from their desktop programs by using either a local fax device or a shared network fax device. System service name: Fax Application protocol NetBIOS Session Service SMB RPC Randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ Protocol Ports TCP TCP TCP TCP 139 445 135 random port number between 1024 65535 random port number between 49152 65535²

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM" section in the "References" section. ² This is the range in Windows Server 2008 and in Windows Vista. File Replication The File Replication service (FRS) is a file-based replication engine that automatically copies updates to files and folders between computers that are participating in a common FRS replica set. FRS is the default replication engine that is used to replicate the contents of the SYSVOL folder between Windows 2000-based and Windows Server 2003-based domain controllers that are located in a common domain. FRS may be configured to replicate files and folders between targets of a DFS root or link by using the DFS Administration tool. System service name: NtFrs Application protocol RPC Randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ Protocol Ports TCP TCP 135 random port number between 1024 65535 random port number between 49152 65535²

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see the "File Replication Service" section in the "References" section. ² This is the range in Windows Server 2008 and in Windows Vista.

File Server for Macintosh By using the File Server for Macintosh system service, Macintosh computer users can store and access files on a computer that is running Windows Server 2003. If this service is turned off or blocked, Macintosh clients cannot access or store files on that computer. System service name: MacFile Application protocol Protocol Ports 548 File Server for Macintosh TCP FTP Publishing Service FTP Publishing Service provides FTP connectivity. By default, the FTP control port is 21. However, you can configure this system service through the Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager snap-in. The default data (that is used for active mode FTP) port is automatically set to one port less than the control port. Therefore, if you configure the control port to port 4131, the default data port is port 4130. Most FTP clients use passive mode FTP. This means that the client initially connects to the FTP server by using the control port, the FTP server assigns a high TCP port between ports 1025 and 5000, and then the client opens a second connection to the FTP server for transferring data. You can configure the range of high ports by using the IIS metabase. System service name: MSFTPSVC Application protocol FTP control FTP default data Rrandomly allocated high TCP ports Protocol Ports TCP TCP TCP 21 20 random port number between 1024 65535 random port number between 49152 65535¹

¹ This is the range in Windows Server 2008 and in Windows Vista. Group Policy To successfully apply Group Policy, a client must be able to contact a domain controller over the DCOM, ICMP, LDAP, SMB, and RPC protocols. If any one of these protocols are unavailable or blocked between the client and a relevant domain

controller, policy will not apply or refresh. For a cross-domain logon, where a computer is in one domain, and the user account is in another, these protocols may be required for the client, the resource domain, and the account domain to communicate. ICMP is used for slow link detection. For more information about slow link detection, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base: 227260 How a slow link is detected for processing user profiles and Group Policy System service name: Group Policy Application protocol DCOM¹ ICMP (ping) LDAP SMB RPC Protocol Ports

TCP + UDP random port number between 1024 - 65535 random port number between 49152 - 65535² ICMP TCP TCP TCP 389 445 135, random port number between 1024 65535*

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Domain controllers and Active Directory" section in the "References" section. ² This is the range in Windows Server 2008 and in Windows Vista. HTTP SSL The HTTP SSL system service enables IIS to perform SSL functions. SSL is an open standard for establishing an encrypted communications channel to help prevent the interception of critical information, such as credit card numbers. Although this service is designed to work on other Internet services, it is primarily used to enable encrypted electronic financial transactions on the World Wide Web (WWW). You can configure the ports for this service through the Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager snap-in. System service name: HTTPFilter Application protocol Protocol Ports HTTPS TCP 443

Internet Authentication Service

Internet Authentication Service (IAS) performs centralized authentication, authorization, auditing, and accounting of users who are connecting to a network. These users can be on a LAN connection or on a remote connection. IAS implements the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standard Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) protocol. System service name: IAS Application protocol Protocol Ports Legacy RADIUS Legacy RADIUS RADIUS Accounting UDP UDP UDP 1645 1646 1813 1812

RADIUS Authentication UDP

Internet Connection Firewall (ICF)/Internet Connection Sharing (ICS) This system service provides NAT, addressing, and name resolution services for all computers on your home network or your small-office network. When the Internet Connection Sharing feature is enabled, your computer becomes an "Internet gateway" on the network, and other client computers can then share one connection to the Internet, such as a dial-up connection or a broadband connection. This service provides basic DHCP and DNS services but will work with the full-featured Windows DHCP or DNS services. When ICF and Internet Connection Sharing act as a gateway for the rest of the computers on your network, they provide DHCP and DNS services to the private network on the internal network interface. They do not provide these services on the external-facing interface. System service name: SharedAccess Application protocol Protocol Ports DHCP Server DNS DNS UDP UDP TCP 67 53 53

Kerberos Key Distribution Center When you use the Kerberos Key Distribution Center (KDC) system service, users can log on to the network by using the Kerberos version 5 authentication protocol. As in other implementations of the Kerberos protocol, the KDC is a single process

that provides two services: the Authentication Service and the Ticket-Granting Service. The Authentication Service issues ticket granting tickets, and the TicketGranting Service issues tickets for connection to computers in its own domain. System service name: kdc Application protocol Protocol Ports Kerberos Kerberos TCP UDP 88 88 464 464 389

Kerberos Password V5 UDP Kerberos Password V5 TCP DC Locator License Logging UDP

The License Logging system service is a tool that was originally designed to help customers manage licenses for Microsoft server products that are licensed in the Server Client Access License (CAL) model. License Logging was introduced with Microsoft Windows NT Server 3.51. By default, the License Logging service is disabled in Windows Server 2003. Because of legacy design constraints and evolving license terms and conditions, License Logging may not provide an accurate view of the total number of CALs that are purchased compared to the total number of CALs that are used on a particular server or across the enterprise. The CALs that are reported by License Logging may conflict with the interpretation of the End-User License Agreement (EULA) and with Product Use Rights (PUR). License Logging will not be included in future versions of the Windows operating system. Microsoft recommends that only users of the Microsoft Small Business Server family of operating systems enable this service on their servers. System service name: LicenseService Application protocol Protocol Ports 138 139 445 NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP NetBIOS Session Service SMB TCP TCP

Note The License Logging service uses RPC over named pipes. This service has the same firewall requirements as those of the "File and Printer Sharing" feature. Message Queuing

The Message Queuing system service is a messaging infrastructure and development tool for creating distributed messaging programs for Windows. These programs can communicate across heterogeneous networks and can send messages between computers that may be temporarily unable to connect to each other. Message Queuing helps provide security, efficient routing, support for sending messages within transactions, priority-based messaging, and guaranteed message delivery. System service name: MSMQ Application protocol Protocol Ports MSMQ MSMQ MSMQ-DCs MSMQ-Mgmt MSMQ-Ping MSMQ-RPC MSMQ-RPC RPC Messenger The Messenger system service sends messages to or receives messages from users and computers, administrators, and the Alerter service. This service is not related to Windows Messenger. If you disable the Messenger service, notifications that are sent to computers or users who are currently logged on the network are not received. Additionally, the net send command and the net name command no longer function. System service name: Messenger Application protocol Protocol Ports 138 NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP Microsoft Exchange MTA Stacks In Microsoft Exchange 2000 Server and Microsoft Exchange Server 2003, the Message Transfer Agent (MTA) is frequently used to provide backward-compatible message transfer services between Exchange 2000 Server-based servers and TCP UDP TCP TCP UDP TCP TCP TCP 1801 1801 2101 2107 3527 2105 2103 135

Exchange Server 5.5-based servers in a mixed-mode environment. System service name: MSExchangeMTA Application protocol Protocol Ports X.400 TCP 102

Microsoft Operations Manager 2000 Microsoft Operations Manager (MOM) 2000 delivers enterprise-class operations management by providing comprehensive event management, proactive monitoring and alerting, reporting, and trend analysis. After you install MOM 2000 Service Pack 1 (SP1), MOM 2000 no longer uses a clear text communications channel, and all traffic between the MOM agent and the MOM server is encrypted over TCP port 1270. The MOM Administrator console uses DCOM to connect to the server. This means that administrators who manage the MOM server over the network must have access to random high TCP ports. System service name: one point Application protocol Protocol Ports MOM-Clear MOM-Encrypted TCP TCP 51515 1270

Microsoft POP3 Service Microsoft POP3 Service provides e-mail transfer and retrieval services. Administrators can use this service to store and manage e-mail accounts on the mail server. When you install Microsoft POP3 Service on the mail server, users can connect to the mail server and can retrieve e-mail by using an e-mail client that supports the POP3 protocol, such as Microsoft Outlook. System service name: POP3SVC Application protocol Protocol Ports POP3 MSSQLSERVER MSSQLSERVER is a system service in Microsoft SQL Server 2000. SQL Server provides a powerful and comprehensive data management platform. You can configure the ports that each instance of SQL Server uses by using the Server TCP 110

Network Utility. System service name: MSSQLSERVER Application protocol Protocol Ports SQL over TCP SQL Probe MSSQL$UDDI The MSSQL$UDDI system service is installed during the installation of the Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration (UDDI) feature of the Windows Server 2003 family of operating systems. MSSQL$UDDI provides UDDI capabilities in an enterprise. The SQL Server database engine is the core component of MSSQL$UDDI. System service name: MSSQLSERVER Application protocol Protocol Ports SQL over TCP SQL Probe Net Logon The Net Logon system service maintains a security channel between your computer and the domain controller to authenticate users and services. It passes the user's credentials to a domain controller and returns the domain security identifiers and the user rights for the user. This is typically referred to as pass-through authentication. Net Logon is configured to start automatically only when a member computer or domain controller is joined to a domain. In the Windows 2000 Server and Windows Server 2003 families, Net Logon publishes service resource locator records in the DNS. When this service runs, it relies on the WORKSTATION service and on the Local Security Authority service to listen for incoming requests. On domain member computers, Net Logon uses RPC over named pipes. On domain controllers, it uses RPC over named pipes, RPC over TCP/IP, mailslots, and Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP). System service name: Netlogon Application protocol NetBIOS Datagram Protocol Ports UDP 138 TCP UDP 1433 1434 TCP UDP 1433 1434

Service NetBIOS Name Resolution UDP 137 139 445 389 135, random port number between 1024 65535 135, random port number between 49152 65535²

NetBIOS Session Service TCP SMB LDAP RPC¹ TCP UDP TCP

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Domain controllers and Active Directory" section in the "References" section. ² This is the range in Windows Server 2008 and in Windows Vista. Note The Net Logon service uses RPC over named pipes for down-level clients. This service has the same firewall requirements as those of the "File and Printer Sharing" feature. NetMeeting Remote Desktop Sharing The NetMeeting Remote Desktop Sharing system service allows authorized users to remotely access your Windows desktop from another personal computer over a corporate intranet by using Windows NetMeeting. You must explicitly enable this service in NetMeeting. You can disable or shut down this feature by using an icon in the Windows notification area. System service name: mnmsrvc Application protocol Protocol Ports Terminal Services TCP 3389

Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP) The Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP) system service allows computers that are running Windows Server 2003 to act as news servers. Clients can use a news client, such as Microsoft Outlook Express, to retrieve newsgroups from the server and to read the headers or the bodies of the articles in each newsgroup. System service name: NNTPSVC Application protocol Protocol Ports NNTP TCP 119

NNTP over SSL

TCP

563

Performance Logs and Alerts The Performance Logs and Alerts system service collects, based on preconfigured schedule parameters, performance data from local or remote computers and then writes that data to a log or triggers a message. Based on the information that is contained in the named log collection setting, the Performance Logs and Alerts service starts and stops each named performance data collection. This service only runs if at least one performance data collection is scheduled. System service name: SysmonLog Application protocol Protocol Ports 139 NetBIOS Session Service TCP Print Spooler The Print Spooler system service manages all local and network print queues and controls all print jobs. Print Spooler is the center of the Windows printing subsystem. It manages the print queues on the system and communicates with printer drivers and input/output (I/O) components, such as the USB port and the TCP/IP protocol suite. System service name: Spooler Application protocol Protocol Ports 138 137 139 445 NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP NetBIOS Name Resolution NetBIOS Session Service SMB UDP TCP TCP

Note The Spooler service uses RPC over named pipes. This service has the same firewall requirements as those of the "File and Printer Sharing" feature. Remote Installation You can use the Remote Installation system service to install Windows 2000, Windows XP, and Windows Server 2003 on Pre-Boot eXecution Environment (PXE) remote boot-enabled client computers. The Boot Information Negotiation Layer (BINL) service, the primary component of Remote Installation Server (RIS), answers PXE client requests, checks Active Directory for client validation, and passes client

information to and from the server. The BINL service is installed when you either add the RIS component from Add/Remove Windows Components, or select it when you initially install the operating system. System service name: BINLSVC Application protocol Protocol Ports BINL UDP 4011

Remote Procedure Call (RPC) The Remote Procedure Call (RPC) system service is an interprocess communication (IPC) mechanism that enables data exchange and invocation of functionality that reside in a different process. The different process can be on the same computer, on the LAN, or in a remote location, and can be accessed over a WAN connection or over a VPN connection. The RPC service serves as the RPC endpoint mapper and Component Object Model (COM) Service Control Manager. Many services depend on the RPC service to start successfully. System service name: RpcSs Application protocol RPC RPC over HTTPS Protocol Ports TCP TCP 135 593 138 137 139 445

NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP NetBIOS Name Resolution NetBIOS Session Service SMB UDP TCP TCP

Note The RPC Endpoint Mapper also offers its services by using named pipes. This service has the same firewall requirements as those of the "File and Printer Sharing" feature. Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Locator The Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Locator system service manages the RPC name service database. When this service is turned on, RPC clients can locate RPC servers. This service is turned off by default. System service name: RpcLocator

Application protocol

Protocol Ports 138 137 139 445

NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP NetBIOS Name Resolution NetBIOS Session Service SMB UDP TCP TCP

Note The RPC service Locator offers its services by using RPC over named pipes. This service has the same firewall requirements as those of the "File and Printer Sharing" feature. Remote Storage Notification The Remote Storage Notification system service notifies users when they read from or write to files that are only available from a secondary storage media. Stopping this service prevents this notification. System service name: Remote_Storage_User_Link Application protocol RPC Randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ Protocol Ports TCP TCP 135 random port number between 1024 65535 random port number between 49152 65535²

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM" section in the "References" section. ² This is the range in Windows Server 2008 and in Windows Vista. Remote Storage Server The Remote Storage Server system service stores infrequently used files on a secondary storage medium. If you stop this service, users cannot move or retrieve files from the secondary storage media. System service name: Remote_Storage_Server Application protocol RPC Randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ Protocol Ports TCP TCP 135 random port number between 1024 65535 random port number between 49152 65535²

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM" section in the "References" section. ² This is the range in Windows Server 2008 and in Windows Vista.

Routing and Remote Access The Routing and Remote Access service provides multiprotocol LAN-to-LAN, LANto-WAN, VPN, and NAT routing services. Additionally, the Routing and Remote Access service also provides dial-up and VPN remote access services. Although Routing and Remote Access can use all the following protocols, the service typically uses only a subset of them. For example, if you configure a VPN gateway that lies behind a filtering router, you will probably use only one technology. If you use L2TP with IPsec, you must allow IPsec ESP (IP protocol 50), NAT-T (UDP on port 4500), and IPsec ISAKMP (UDP on port 500) through the router. Note Although NAT-T and IPsec ISAKMP are required for L2TP, these ports are actually monitored by the Local Security Authority. For additional information about this, see the "References" section of this article. System service name: RemoteAccess Application protocol GRE (IP protocol 47) IPsec AH (IP protocol 51) Protocol Ports GRE AH n/a n/a n/a 1701 1723

IPsec ESP (IP protocol 50) ESP L2TP PPTP Server UDP TCP

The Server system service provides RPC support and file, print, and named pipe sharing over the network. The Server service allows the sharing of local resources, such as disks and printers, so that other users on the network can access them. It also allows named pipe communication between programs that are running on the local computer and on other computers. Named pipe communication is memory that is reserved for the output of one process to be used as input for another process. The input-accepting process does not have to be local to the computer.

Note If a computer name resolves to multiple IP addresses using WINS, or if WINS failed and the name is resolved using DNS, NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NetBT) will try to ping the IP address or addresses of the file server. Port 139 communications depend on Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) echo messages. If Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is not installed, port 445 communications will also depend on ICMP for name resolution. Preloaded Lmhosts entries will bypass the DNS resolver. If IPv6 is installed on Windows Server 2003-based or Windows XP-based systems, port 445 communications will not trigger any ICMP requests. System service name: lanmanserver Application protocol Protocol Ports 138 137 139 445 NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP NetBIOS Name Resolution NetBIOS Session Service SMB SharePoint Portal Server With the SharePoint Portal Server system service, you can develop an intelligent portal that seamlessly connects users, teams, and knowledge so that people can take advantage of relevant information across business processes. Microsoft SharePoint Portal Server 2003 provides an enterprise business solution that integrates information from various systems into one solution through single sign-on and enterprise application integration capabilities. Application protocol Protocol Ports HTTP HTTPS TCP TCP 80 443 UDP TCP TCP

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) The Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) system service is an e-mail submission and relay agent. It accepts and queues e-mail for remote destinations, and it retries at specified intervals. Windows domain controllers use the SMTP service for intersite e-mail-based replication. The Collaboration Data Objects (CDO) for the Windows Server 2003 COM component can use the SMTP service to submit and to queue outbound e-mail. System service name: SMTPSVC

Application protocol Protocol Ports SMTP TCP 25

Simple TCP/IP Services Simple TCP/IP Services implements support for the following protocols: • • • • • Echo, port 7, RFC 862 Discard, port 9, RFC 863 Character Generator, port 19, RFC 864 Daytime, port 13, RFC 867 Quote of the Day, port 17, RFC 865

System service name: SimpTcp Application protocol Protocol Ports Chargen Chargen Daytime Daytime Discard Discard Echo Echo Quotd Quoted TCP UDP TCP UDP TCP UDP TCP UDP TCP UDP 19 19 13 13 9 9 7 7 17 17

SMS Remote Control Agent SMS Remote Control Agent is a system service in Microsoft Systems Management Server (SMS) 2003. SMS Remote Control Agent provides a comprehensive solution for change and for configuration management for the Microsoft operating systems. With this solution, organizations can provide relevant software and updates to users. System service name: Wuser32 Application protocol SMS Remote Chat SMS Remote Chat Protocol Ports TCP UDP 2703 2703

SMS Remote Control (control) TCP SMS Remote Control (control) UDP SMS Remote Control (data) SMS Remote Control (data) SMS Remote File Transfer SMS Remote File Transfer SNMP Service TCP UDP TCP UDP

2701 2701 2702 2702 2704 2704

SNMP Service allows incoming Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) requests to be serviced by the local computer. SNMP Service includes agents that monitor activity in network devices and report to the network console workstation. SNMP Service provides a method of managing network hosts (such as workstation or server computers, routers, bridges, and hubs) from a centrally-located computer that is running network management software. SNMP performs management services by using a distributed architecture of management systems and agents. System service name: SNMP Application protocol Protocol Ports SNMP SNMP Trap Service SNMP Trap Service receives trap messages that are generated by local or by remote SNMP agents and then forwards those messages to SNMP management programs that are running on your computer. SNMP Trap Service, when configured for an agent, generates trap messages if any specific events occur. These messages are sent to a trap destination. For example, an agent can be configured to initiate an authentication trap if an unrecognized management system sends a request for information. Trap destinations include the computer name, the IP address, or the Internetwork Packet Exchange (IPX) address of the management system. The trap destination must be a network-enabled host that is running SNMP management software. System service name: SNMPTRAP Application protocol Protocol Ports SNMP Traps Outbound UDP 162 UDP 161

SQL Analysis Server The SQL Analysis Server system service is a component of SQL Server 2000. With SQL Analysis Server, you can create and manage OLAP cubes and data mining models. The analysis server may access local or remote data sources for creating and storing cubes or data mining models. Application protocol Protocol Ports SQL Analysis Services TCP 2725

SQL Server: Downlevel OLAP Client Support This system service is used by SQL Server 2000 when the SQL Analysis Server service has to support connections from downlevel (OLAP Services 7.0) clients. These are the default ports for OLAP services that are used by SQL 7.0. Application protocol Protocol Ports OLAP Services 7.0 OLAP Services 7.0 TCP TCP 2393 2394

SSDP Discovery Service SSDP Discovery Service implements Simple Service Discovery Protocol (SSDP) as a Windows service. SSDP Discovery Service manages receipt of device presence announcements, updates its cache, and passes these notifications along to clients with outstanding search requests. SSDP Discovery Service also accepts registration of event callbacks from clients, turns these into subscription requests, and monitors for event notifications. It then passes these requests along to the registered callbacks. This system service also provides hosted devices with periodic announcements. Currently, the SSDP event notification service uses TCP port 5000. Starting with the next Windows XP service pack, it will rely on TCP port 2869. Note At the time of this writing, the current Windows XP service pack level is Windows XP Service Pack 1 (SP1). System service name: SSDPRSR Application protocol SSDP SSDP event notification Protocol Ports UDP TCP 1900 2869 5000

SSDP legacy event notification TCP

Systems Management Server 2.0 Microsoft Systems Management Server (SMS) 2003 provides a comprehensive solution for change and configuration management for Microsoft operating systems. With this solution, organizations can provide relevant software and updates to users quickly and cost-effectively. Application protocol NetBIOS Datagram Service NetBIOS Name Resolution NetBIOS Session Service RPC SMB Randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ Protocol Ports UDP UDP TCP TCP TCP TCP 138 137 139 135 445 random port number between 1024 65535 random port number between 49152 65535²

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM" section in the "References" section. ² This is the range in Windows Server 2008 and in Windows Vista. TCP/IP Print Server The TCP/IP Print Server system service enables TCP/IP–based printing by using the Line Printer Daemon (LPD) protocol. The LPD service on the server receives documents from Line Printer Remote (LPR) utilities that are running on UNIX computers. System service name: LPDSVC Application protocol Protocol Ports LPD Telnet The Telnet system service for Windows provides ASCII terminal sessions to Telnet clients. A Telnet server supports two types of authentication and supports the following four types of terminals: American National Standards Institute (ANSI) VT-100 TCP 515

VT-52 VTNT System service name: TlntSvr Application protocol Protocol Ports Telnet Terminal Services Terminal Services provides a multi-session environment that allows client devices to access a virtual Windows desktop session and Windows-based programs that are running on the server. Terminal Services allows multiple users to be connected interactively to a computer. System service name: TermService Application protocol Protocol Ports Terminal Services TCP 3389 TCP 23

Terminal Services Licensing The Terminal Services Licensing system service installs a license server and provides licenses to registered clients when the clients connect to a terminal server (a server that has Terminal Server enabled). Terminal Services Licensing is a lowimpact service that stores the client licenses that have been issued for a terminal server, and then tracks the licenses that have been issued to client computers or terminals. System service name: TermServLicensing Application protocol RPC Randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ Protocol Ports TCP TCP 135 random port number between 1024 65535 random port number between 49152 65535² 138 137 139 445

NetBIOS Datagram Service NetBIOS Name Resolution NetBIOS Session Service SMB

UDP UDP TCP TCP

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM" section in the "References" section. ² This is the range in Windows Server 2008 and in Windows Vista. Note Terminal Services Licensing offers its services by using RPC over named pipes. This service has the same firewall requirements as those of the "File and Printer Sharing" feature. Terminal Services Session Directory The Terminal Services Session Directory system service allows clusters of loadbalanced terminal servers to correctly route a user's connection request to the server where the user already has a session running. Users are routed to the first-available terminal server, regardless of whether they are running another session in the server cluster. The load-balancing functionality pools the processing resources of several servers by using the TCP/IP networking protocol. You can use this service with a cluster of terminal servers to increase the performance of a single terminal server by distributing sessions across multiple servers. Terminal Services Session Directory keeps track of disconnected sessions on the cluster and makes sure that users are reconnected to those sessions. System service name: Tssdis Application protocol RPC Randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ Protocol Ports TCP TCP 135 random port number between 1024 65535 random port number between 49152 65535²

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM" section in the "References" section. ² This is the range in Windows Server 2008 and in Windows Vista. Trivial FTP Daemon The Trivial FTP Daemon system service does not require a user name or a password and is an integral part of the Remote Installation Services (RIS). The Trivial FTP Daemon service implements support for the Trivial FTP Protocol (TFTP) that is defined by the following RFCs:

RFC 1350 - TFTP RFC 2347 - Option extension RFC 2348 - Block size option RFC 2349 - Timeout interval, and transfer size options Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) is a file transfer protocol that is designed to support diskless boot environments. The TFTP service listens on UDP port 69 but responds from a randomly allocated high port. Therefore, enabling this port will let the TFTP service receive incoming TFTP requests, but will not let the selected server respond to those requests. The service is free to respond to any such request from any source port it wishes, and the remote client will then use that port for the duration of the transfer. Communication is bidirectional. If you need to enable this protocol through a firewall, it may be useful to open UDP port 69 inbound. You can then rely on other firewall features, which dynamically allow the service to respond through temporary holes on any other port. System service name: tftpd Application protocol Protocol Ports TFTP UDP 69

Universal Plug and Play Device Host The Universal Plug and Play Host discovery system service implements all the components that are required for device registration, control, and the response to events for hosted devices. The information that is registered that pertains to a device (the description, the lifetimes, and the containers) are optionally stored to disk and are announced on the network after registration, or when the operating system restarts. The service also includes the Web server that serves the device, in addition to service descriptions and a presentation page. System service name: UPNPHost Application protocol Protocol Ports UPNP TCP 2869

Windows Internet Name Service (WINS) Windows Internet Name Service (WINS) enables NetBIOS name resolution. This service helps you locate network resources by using NetBIOS names. WINS servers are required unless all domains have been upgraded to the Active Directory directory

service and unless all computers on the network are running Windows 2000 or later. WINS servers communicate with network clients by using NetBIOS name resolution. WINS replication is only required between WINS servers. System service name: WINS Application protocol Protocol Ports 137 42 42 NetBIOS Name Resolution UDP WINS Replication WINS Replication TCP UDP

Windows Media Services Windows Media Services in Windows Server 2003 replaces the following four services that are included in Windows Media Services versions 4.0 and 4.1: Windows Media Monitor Service Windows Media Program Service Windows Media Station Service Windows Media Unicast Service Windows Media Services is now a single service that runs on Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition; Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition; and Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition. Its core components were developed by using the COM, and it has a flexible architecture that you can customize for specific programs. It supports a greater variety of control protocols, including Real Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP), Microsoft Media Server (MMS) protocol, and HTTP. System service name: WMServer Application protocol Protocol Ports HTTP MMS MMS MS Theater RTCP RTP RTSP Windows Time TCP TCP UDP UDP UDP UDP TCP 80 1755 1755 2460 5005 5004 554

The Windows Time system service maintains date and time synchronization on all Windows XP and Windows Server 2003-based computers on a network. This service uses Network Time Protocol (NTP) to synchronize computer clocks so that an accurate clock value, or timestamp is assigned for network validation and for resource access requests. The implementation of NTP and the integration of time providers help make Windows Time a reliable and scalable time service for your enterprise. For computers that are not joined to a domain, you can configure Windows Time to synchronize time with an external time source. If this service is turned off, the time setting for local computers is not synchronized with a time service in the Windows domain or with an externally configured time service. Windows Server 2003 uses NTP. NTP runs on UDP port 123. The Windows 2000 version of this service uses Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP). SNTP also runs on UDP port 123. When the Windows Time service uses a Windows domain configuration, the service requires domain controller location and authentication services. Therefore, the ports for Kerberos and DNS are required. System service name: W32Time Application protocol Protocol Ports NTP SNTP UDP UDP 123 123

World Wide Web Publishing Service World Wide Web Publishing Service provides the infrastructure that is necessary to register, to manage, to monitor, and to serve Web sites and programs that are registered with IIS. This system service contains a process manager and a configuration manager. The process manager controls the processes where custom applications and Web sites reside. The configuration manager reads the stored system configuration for World Wide Web Publishing Service and makes sure that Http.sys is configured to route HTTP requests to the appropriate application pools or operating system processes. You can configure the ports that are used by this service through the Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager snap-in. If the administrative Web site is enabled, a virtual Web site is created that uses HTTP traffic on TCP port 8098.

System service name: W3SVC Application protocol Protocol Ports HTTP HTTPS Back to the top Ports and protocols The following table summarizes the information from the "System services ports" section. This table is sorted by port number instead of by the service name. Port n/a n/a n/a 7 7 9 9 13 13 17 17 19 19 20 21 21 23 25 25 42 42 53 Protocol Application protocol GRE ESP AH TCP UDP TCP UDP TCP UDP TCP UDP TCP UDP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP UDP TCP GRE (IP protocol 47) IPsec ESP (IP protocol 50) System service name Routing and Remote Access Routing and Remote Access TCP TCP 80 443

IPsec AH (IP protocol 51) Routing and Remote Access Echo Echo Discard Discard Daytime Daytime Quotd Quotd Chargen Chargen FTP default data FTP control FTP control Telnet SMTP SMTP WINS Replication WINS Replication DNS Simple TCP/IP Services Simple TCP/IP Services Simple TCP/IP Services Simple TCP/IP Services Simple TCP/IP Services Simple TCP/IP Services Simple TCP/IP Services Simple TCP/IP Services Simple TCP/IP Services Simple TCP/IP Services FTP Publishing Service FTP Publishing Service Application Layer Gateway Service Telnet Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Exchange Server Windows Internet Name Service Windows Internet Name Service DNS Server

53 53 53 67 67 69 80 80 80 88 88 102 110 110 119 123 123 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135

UDP TCP UDP UDP UDP UDP TCP TCP TCP TCP UDP TCP TCP TCP TCP UDP UDP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP

DNS DNS DNS DHCP Server DHCP Server TFTP HTTP HTTP HTTP Kerberos Kerberos X.400 POP3 POP3 NNTP NTP SNTP RPC RPC RPC RPC RPC RPC RPC RPC RPC RPC RPC RPC RPC RPC

DNS Server Internet Connection Firewall/Internet Connection Sharing Internet Connection Firewall/Internet Connection Sharing DHCP Server Internet Connection Firewall/Internet Connection Sharing Trivial FTP Daemon Service Windows Media Services World Wide Web Publishing Service SharePoint Portal Server Kerberos Key Distribution Center Kerberos Key Distribution Center Microsoft Exchange MTA Stacks Microsoft POP3 Service Exchange Server Network News Transfer Protocol Windows Time Windows Time Message Queuing Remote Procedure Call Exchange Server Certificate Services Cluster Service Distributed File System Distributed Link Tracking Distributed Transaction Coordinator Distributed File Replication Service Fax Service Microsoft Exchange Server File Replication Service Group Policy Local Security Authority

135 135 135 135 135 137 137 137 137 137 138 138 138 138 138 138 138 139 139 139 139 139 139 139 139

TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP UDP UDP UDP UDP UDP UDP UDP UDP UDP UDP UDP UDP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP

RPC RPC RPC RPC RPC NetBIOS Name Resolution NetBIOS Name Resolution NetBIOS Name Resolution NetBIOS Name Resolution NetBIOS Name Resolution NetBIOS Datagram Service NetBIOS Datagram Service NetBIOS Datagram Service NetBIOS Datagram Service NetBIOS Datagram Service NetBIOS Datagram Service NetBIOS Datagram Service

Remote Storage Notification Remote Storage Server Systems Management Server 2.0 Terminal Services Licensing Terminal Services Session Directory Computer Browser Server Windows Internet Name Service Net Logon Systems Management Server 2.0 Computer Browser Messenger Server Net Logon Distributed File System Systems Management Server 2.0 License Logging Service

NetBIOS Session Service Computer Browser NetBIOS Session Service Fax Service NetBIOS Session Service Performance Logs and Alerts NetBIOS Session Service Print Spooler NetBIOS Session Service Server NetBIOS Session Service Net Logon NetBIOS Session Service Remote Procedure Call Locator NetBIOS Session Service Distributed File System

139 139 143 161 162 389 389 389 389 389 389 443 443 443 443 445 445 445 445 445 445 445 464 464 500 515 548 554 563 593 593 636

TCP TCP TCP UDP UDP TCP UDP TCP UDP UDP UDP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP UDP TCP UDP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP

NetBIOS Session Service Systems Management Server 2.0 NetBIOS Session Service License Logging Service IMAP SNMP SNMP Traps Outbound LDAP Server DC Locator LDAP Server DC Locator DC Locator DC Locator HTTPS HTTPS HTTPS RPC over HTTPS SMB SMB SMB SMB SMB SMB SMB Kerberos Password V5 Kerberos Password V5 IPsec ISAKMP LPD Exchange Server SNMP Service SNMP Trap Service Local Security Authority Local Security Authority Distributed File System Distributed File System Netlogon Kerberos Key Distribution Center HTTP SSL World Wide Web Publishing Service SharePoint Portal Server Exchange Server 2003 Fax Service Print Spooler Server Remote Procedure Call Locator Distributed File System License Logging Service Net Logon Kerberos Key Distribution Center Kerberos Key Distribution Center Local Security Authority TCP/IP Print Server

File Server for Macintosh File Server for Macintosh RTSP NNTP over SSL Windows Media Services Network News Transfer Protocol

RPC over HTTPS endpoint Remote Procedure Call mapper RPC over HTTPS LDAP SSL Exchange Server Local Security Authority

636 993 995 1067 1068 1270 1433 1433 1434 1434 1645 1646 1701 1723 1755 1755 1801 1801 1812 1813 1900 2101 2103 2105 2107 2393 2394 2460 2535 2701

UDP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP UDP UDP UDP UDP UDP TCP TCP UDP TCP UDP UDP UDP UDP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP UDP UDP TCP

LDAP SSL IMAP over SSL POP3 over SSL Installation Bootstrap Service Installation Bootstrap Service MOM-Encrypted SQL over TCP SQL over TCP SQL Probe SQL Probe Legacy RADIUS Legacy RADIUS L2TP PPTP MMS MMS MSMQ MSMQ RADIUS Authentication RADIUS Accounting SSDP MSMQ-DCs MSMQ-RPC MSMQ-RPC MSMQ-Mgmt OLAP Services 7.0 OLAP Services 7.0 MS Theater MADCAP SMS Remote Control

Local Security Authority Exchange Server Exchange Server Installation Bootstrap protocol server Installation Bootstrap protocol client Microsoft Operations Manager 2000 Microsoft SQL Server MSSQL$UDDI Microsoft SQL Server MSSQL$UDDI Internet Authentication Service Internet Authentication Service Routing and Remote Access Routing and Remote Access Windows Media Services Windows Media Services Message Queuing Message Queuing Internet Authentication Service Internet Authentication Service SSDP Discovery Service Message Queuing Message Queuing Message Queuing Message Queuing SQL Server: Downlevel OLAP Client Support SQL Server: Downlevel OLAP Client Support Windows Media Services DHCP Server SMS Remote Control Agent

(control) 2701 2702 2702 2703 2703 2704 2704 2725 2869 2869 3268 3269 3343 3389 3389 3527 4011 4500 5000 5004 5005 5722 6001 6002 6004 42424 51515 102465535 UDP TCP UDP TCP UPD TCP UDP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP UDP TCP TCP UDP UDP UDP TCP UDP UDP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP SMS Remote Control (control) SMS Remote Control (data) SMS Remote Control (data) SMS Remote Chat SMS Remote Chat SMS Remote Control Agent SMS Remote Control Agent SMS Remote Control Agent SMS Remote Control Agent SMS Remote Control Agent

SMS Remote File Transfer SMS Remote Control Agent SMS Remote File Transfer SMS Remote Control Agent SQL Analysis Services UPNP SSDP event notification Global Catalog Server Global Catalog Server Cluster Services Terminal Services Terminal Services MSMQ-Ping BINL NAT-T SSDP legacy event notification RTP RTCP RPC Information Store Directory Referral DSProxy/NSPI ASP.Net Session State MOM-Clear RPC SQL Analysis Server Universal Plug and Play Device Host SSDP Discovery Service Local Security Authority Local Security Authority Cluster Service NetMeeting Remote Desktop Sharing Terminal Services Message Queuing Remote Installation Local Security Authority SSDP Discovery Service Windows Media Services Windows Media Services Distributed File System Replication Exchange Server 2003 Exchange Server 2003 Exchange Server 2003 ASP.NET State Service Microsoft Operations Manager 2000 Randomly allocated high TCP ports

Note Port 5722 is only used on 2008 domain controller or 2008R2 domain controller. Microsoft provides the information in this table in a Microsoft Excel worksheet. This worksheet is available for download from the Microsoft Download Center: Services on which Active Directory depends • • • • • • • • • • • • Active Directory / LSA Computer Browser Distributed File System File Replication Service Kerberos Key Distribution Center Net Logon Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Server Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) (if so configured) WINS (in Windows Server 2003 SP1 and later versions for backup Active Directory replication operations, if DNS is not working) Windows Time World Wide Web Publishing Service

Services that require Active Directory services • • • • • • • • • • • • • Certificate Services (required for specific configurations) DHCP Server (if so configured) Distributed File System Distributed Link Tracking Server (optional but on by default on Windows 2000 computers) Distributed Transaction Coordinator DNS Server (if so configured) Fax Service (if so configured) File Replication Service File Server for Macintosh (if so configured) Internet Authentication Service (if so configured) License Logging (on by default) Net Logon Print Spooler

• • • • • • • • • •

Remote Installation (if so configured) Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Locator Remote Storage Notification Remote Storage Server Routing and Remote Access Server Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) (if so configured) Terminal Services Terminal Services Licensing Terminal Services Session Directory