United States Africa Command Public Affairs Office 10 March 2010 USAFRICOM -related news stories From the

Beltway/ From and About Africa

TOP 5 FROM THE BELTWAY Africom commander says U.S. supports Somali government to retake Mogadishu (Xinhua) WASHINGTON, DC - A senior U.S. military commander said on Tuesday the United States would support the Somali transitional government to retake the national capital Mogadishu. Commander: More NATO trainers needed (Stars and Stripes) STUTTGART, GERMANY - U.S. lawmakers expressed frustration Tuesday that NATO countries were not offering more personnel to train the Afghan army. U.S. Envoy - Tackle Extremists in Nigeria (This Day) ABUJA, NIGERIA - United States Ambassador to Nigeria, Ms. Robin Rene Sanders, has called on Nigerian authorities to take decisive steps to address extremists from outside the country, who according to her, have footholds in Nigeria. Africom Air chief visits Botswana (Mmegi Online) GABARONE, BOTSWANA - Africom Air Commander, Major General Ronald Ladnier will arrive in Gaborone this week on a visit to the military fraternity and will discuss a wide range of issues on the military. U.S. apologizes to Libya for dismissive comments (Reuters) WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. State Department apologized on Tuesday for dismissive comments its spokesman made about Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi's call for "jihad," often translated as "armed struggle," against Switzerland. TOP NEWS FROM AND ABOUT AFRICA Algerian and French navies launch Rais-Hamidou 10 exercise (IISS) Algerian and French navies launch the Rais-Hamidou 10 exercise in the western Mediterranean. The joint exercise, which will be held from 2 to 19 March, aims to demonstrate the operational cooperation of Algeria and France in the areas of surveillance and maritime safety.

Nigeria: Plateau governor Jang Indicts Army over Jos Massacre (This Day) Plateau State Governor Jonah John Jang has blamed the army for last Sunday’s killings in the Jos South Local Government Area of the state. He said if the military had acted on the intelligence he provided, the dastardly attacks in which over 300 persons mostly women and children were massacred would have been avoided. Nigeria: Christians flee after Nigeria's massacre (AFP) Fresh gunfire has sent Christian villagers in Nigeria fleeing as a senior official accused the country's military chiefs of having ignored warnings about last weekend's massacre.Josephine Emmanuel, of Bukka Uku, about four kilometres (three miles) south of Jos...had alerted Nigeria's army commander about reports of movement around the area and had been told that troops would be heading there...Three hours or so later armed gangs have started burning the village and people were being hacked to death.."I tried to locate the commanders, (but) I couldn?t get any of them on the telephone." Somalia: Intense gun battles erupt in Mogadishu (France24) Mogadishu - Heavy fighting broke out between Somali government forces and Islamist insurgents in Mogadishu early Wednesday, officials and witnesses said. The government side, which has been planning a large offensive against its foes, said the radical Shabab fighters attacked their position in the north of the capital at dawn, sparking the fierce gun battles. Somalia: welcomes US air support in offensive (Nation) Somalia’s government would welcome US air support for an expected offensive aimed at retaking control of areas from al Qaeda-linked al Shabaab rebels, President Sheikh Sharif Ahmed said. Nigeria: Army opens fire on youths (News24) Jos - Witnesses say soldiers in a Nigerian town at the centre of a spate of religious killings opened fire on a crowd of youths that had surrounded a cattle truck driving after curfew. A nurse said on Wednesday that at least two were killed and five others injured in the shooting in the central Nigerian city of Jos. The nurse says the youths feared the truck had weapons. Nigeria: US scanners went unused at Lagos airport (Arabtimesonline) Lagos - ‘With the power of cash, anything can be taken onto aircraft in Nigeria’. The US gave Nigeria four full-body scanners for its international airports in 2008 to detect explosives and drugs, but none were used on the man suspected trying to blow up a Detroit-bound flight, Nigerian officials say. South Sudan defends independence referendum (WTOP)

NAIROBI - Southern Sudan's leader said Tuesday that a 2011 referendum on his oil-rich region's independence is more important to his people than Sudan's upcoming national election. ADDITIONAL RELEVANT ARTICLES OF INTEREST: Nigeria urged to end impunity (Arabtimesonline) JOS - The US government and an international human rights group called Tuesday for Nigeria to investigate and prosecute those responsible for the deaths of more than 200 unarmed people in renewed violence between Christians and Muslims. Togo opposition attacked (News24) Lome - Riot police used a water cannon and tear gas to attack the headquarters of the main opposition party on Tuesday as its leaders huddled inside following a disputed presidential election, police and opposition leaders said. Somalia: Islamist insurgent commander assassinated in Mogadishu (Earthtimes) Mogadishu - A high-ranking commander of Somali Islamist insurgent group Hizbul Islam was shot dead in the capital Mogadishu on Tuesday, witnesses said. Unknown gunmen shot dead Bare Ali Bare in the Bakara market, an insurgent stronghold. Nigeria: Almost 400 people buried in mass grave after Nigeria massacre (Earthtimes) Nairobi/Abuja - Almost 400 people slaughtered when Muslim herdsmen raided Christian villages near Nigeria's restive central town of Jos have been buried in a mass grave. The massacre was the latest outbreak of violence between rival ethnic groups in Plateau State, where the indigenous Christians are struggling with Muslims who immigrated to the region decades ago over control of land and resources. Somalia: Islamists ban English, science lessons in southern town (Earthtimes) Nairobi/Mogadishu - English and science lessons have been banned in the schools of the southern Somali town of Afmadow by the Islamist Al-Shabaab militia, according to reports by broadcaster Radio Garowe on Sunday. According to the report, teachers at the town's schools had refused to allow their students to be recruited into the militia. However, that meant that teachers at three of the schools were required to teach Arabic and Islamic studies instead. Gambia: Zero drug tolerance (News24) Banjul - Gambia's president said on Tuesday he would rather die than let his country become a haven for drug traffickers, many of whom have infiltrated other parts of coastal West Africa. Morocco: Orphanage workers kicked out of Morocco (Stuff)

Two New Zealanders and their children are to be expelled from Morocco, apparently for being active Christians in an orphanage. Chris and Tina Broadbent and their children William and Samuel were working at the Village of Hope, (VOH) a children's home in the Middle Atlas mountains of Morocco. The orphanage's website reported that five foreign staff had been ordered to leave the country, leaving behind 33 orphans. The reason given is that the abandoned children in the care of VoH have been proselytised to by us, that we are trying to make them Christian," Mr Broadbent said. In 2002, the Village of Hope registered with the Moroccan government as an official Christian organisation and received permission to talk about Christianity to the children in their care. Morocco: Mass drugs trial in Morocco (Siasat) The court in Casablanca, northern Morocco, handed down prison sentences of between three months and 10 years to most of the 87 accused of drug trafficking, who included 32 civilians and 55 members of the navy, police, army and auxiliary forces, the source said. Morocco: Floods and landslides leave at least 10 dead (Hindistantimes) At least 10 people have been killed in storms that have triggered flooding and landsides in Morocco, local officials and media reports said. 'US running intl. network of secret detentions' (Siasat) A United Nations report on the existence of secret detention facilities in countries around the world puts most of the blame on the US and its Central Intelligence Agency. The report further suggests that the US transfers its prisoners to countries like Ethiopia, Djibouti, Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Pakistan, Syria and even Thailand for interrogation. Uganda: Compromise on Ugandan aid bill ends sit-in at Sen. Tom Coburn (Newsok) WASHINGTON — a compromise was reached yesterday Tuesday on a bill aimed at helping victims of the Lord’s Resistance Army in Uganda, ending an 11-day protest outside the Oklahoma City office of Sen. Tom Coburn. Al-Qaeda threat looms into new decade, Brown warns (Arabtimesonline) LONDON - The failed Detroit plane bombing showed that terrorism remains a “very real” global threat as the world enters a new decade eight years after 9/11, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown warned Friday. “The new decade is starting as the last began — with al-Qaeda creating a climate of fear,” he wrote, saying the failed bombing had “exposed an evolving terrorist threat” and highlighted “a major new base for terrorism.” CIA boss warns of foes’ threats (Newsok) Panetta’s visit of a daylong foreign policy conference at OU titled "A New Kind of Leadership: America and the Rise of the Rest.” He said al-Qaida deploys terrorists here who are unknown to the U.S. government; recruits followers with no previous ties, such

as the man accused in the failed Christmas Day bombing of a Detroit-bound flight; and inspires "lone wolf” attacks like the Fort Hood, Texas, shootings on Nov. 5 that killed 13 people. US charges 'JihadJane' (IAfrica) US authorities charged an American woman known as 'JihadJane' with recruiting jihadist fighters via the Internet and conspiring to kill an unnamed individual in Sweden. The Justice Department unsealed the indictment on Tuesday against Colleen LaRose, who was arrested in October 2009, hours after Irish police arrested seven people accused of plotting to kill a Swedish cartoonist. Over the course of at least a year, she is alleged to have used the Internet to recruit men in South Asia, Europe and the United States for terror attacks. Abusive Congolese colonel got aid (Washington Post) NGUNGU, CONGO - The United Nations peacekeeping mission in eastern Congo provided food, fuel and logistical support to a Congolese colonel overseeing soldiers accused of gang rapes, massacres and other abuses. Togo Protesters Clash With Police (Associated Press) LOME, TOGO - Riot police fired tear gas at more than 1,000 opposition protesters who gathered in Togo's capital Tuesday, the fourth day of rising tensions since the son of the former dictator was announced victorious in a disputed presidential election. Somalia Food Aid Bypasses Needy, U.N. Study Finds (New York Times) NEW YORK CITY, NEW YORK - As much as half the food aid sent to Somalia is diverted from needy people to a web of corrupt contractors, radical Islamist militants and local United Nations staff members, according to a new Security Council report. UN agency punished Somalia whistleblower (Reuters) LONDON (Reuters) - The United Nations Ethics Committee has upheld complaints by a former employee of the U.N. Development Programme who said he suffered retaliation from the UNDP for alleging that its Somalia programme was corrupt. The man, Ismail Ahmed, was transferred to another office without proper visa support, and the UNDP Somalia office later told a potential employer not to hire him because of his "silly non-proven accusations", Ethics Committee Chairman Robert Benson found in a report seen by Reuters. Sudan's Rejection of US/UN Sanction on Eritrea and Its Implications (Ethiopian Review) ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA - President Al-Beshir of Sudan conducted a meeting with his Eritrean counterpart President Isaias Afwerki. Their meeting and the outright

rejection by Sudan of the unjust sanction resolution 1907 is sending shockwaves for Ethiopia, IGAD and the USA. East Africa new frontier for oil exploration (AFP) East Africa has become a promising new frontier for oil exploration and major multinationals are jostling for the rights to search for black gold, industry experts said."There are still large areas which are essentially unexploited and major efforts are needed in East Africa," Tiziana Luzzi-Arbouille, an African specialist with IHS Global Insight said at the CeraWeek energy conference in Houston, Texas.