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# Math Fourth Period 2.

015

## Colegio Gimnasio Campestre San Sebastin

NOMBRE:_______________________________________________
PERIODO: FOURTH

AREA: MATH

6TH

## HOW TO CHOOSE WHICH TYPE OF GRAPH TO USE?

When to Use
a Line graph.
Line graphs are used to track changes over short and long periods of time.
When smaller changes exist, line graphs are better to use than bar graphs.
Line graphs can also be used to compare changes over the same period
of time for more than one group.
a Pie Chart.

Pie charts are best to use when you are trying to compare parts of a
whole. They do not show changes over time.

a Bar Graph.
Bar graphs are used to compare things between different
groups or to track changes over time. However, when trying to
measure change over time, bar graphs are best when the
changes are larger.
an Area Graph.
Area graphs are very similar to line graphs. They can be
used to track changes over time for one or more groups.
Area graphs are good to use when you are tracking the
changes in two or more related groups that make up one
whole category (for example public and private groups).

## Math Fourth Period 2.015

an X-Y Plot.
X-Y plots are used to determine relationships between the
two different things. The x-axis is used to measure one event
(or variable) and the y-axis is used to measure the other. If
both variables increase at the same time, they have a
positive relationship. If one variable decreases while the other
increases, they have a negative relationship. Sometimes the
variables don't follow any pattern and have no relationship.

a. What is a graph?
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## b. What is the mayor difference amongst graph?

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## c. When do you would use a line graph?

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## d. When do you would use an area graph?

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## e. When do you would use a X-Y plot graph?

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Pie Graphs

Bar Graph

Line Graph

## Math Fourth Period 2.015

3. Write these numbers in letters.

a) 318,203,748: _________________________________________________________________
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b) 243, 734,302: ________________________________________________________________
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c) 945,912, 002: ________________________________________________________________
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d) 394,982, 920: ________________________________________________________________
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e) 242,894,918: _________________________________________________________________
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f) 391,683,802: _________________________________________________________________
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g) 784,084,731: _________________________________________________________________
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## 4. Write these number

a. Nine hundred and eighty-three million, seven hundred and twenty-one thousand and thirty-four:
___________________________________

b. Nine hundred and eighteen million, two hundred and seventy-three thousand, six hundred and
forty-five: ___________________________

c. Nine hundred and eighty-seven million, six hundred and fifty-four thousand, three hundred and
twenty-one: _________________________

d. Seven hundred and eighty-nine million, four hundred and fifty-six thousand, one hundred and
twenty-three: ________________________

e. Nine hundred and eighty-seven million, four hundred and fifty-six thousand, three hundred and
twenty-one: _________________________

f. Four hundred and thirty-two million, one hundred and fifty-six thousand, nine hundred and eightyseven: _____________________________
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## Math Fourth Period 2.015

5. Decrypt the message using the numbers and letters

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Key:

Statistics
Statistics is the study of the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation and presentation of data. It
deals with all aspects of data, including the planning of data collection in terms of the design
of surveys and experiments. Statistics is alternately described as a mathematical body of science that
pertains to the collection, analysis, interpretation or explanation, and presentation of data, or as a branch
of mathematics concerned with collecting and interpreting data. Because of its empirical roots and its
focus on applications, statistics is typically considered a distinct mathematical science rather than as a
branch of mathematics. Some tasks a statistician may involve are less mathematical; for example,
ensuring that data collection is undertaken in a way that produces valid conclusions, coding data, or
reporting results in ways comprehensible to those who must use them.

## Math Fourth Period 2.015

Raw data
These are the numbers that have been actually collected, measured and recorded by statisticians.
Suppose you wanted to find out if children who had cereal for breakfast tended to skip lunch than children
who had a doughnut. In the experiment, 10 children would have cereal for breakfast and 10 would have a
doughnut each. You would then note how many of them skipped lunch at 1:00 pm and how many didnt.
These numbers are your raw data.
The mean
This is the sum of all the scores divided by the total number of scores, also known as the average.

The median
This is the number that falls precisely midway in the set of numbers and is another way to describe it. You
can easily arrive at the median by arranging the numbers in order.
The mode
This is the number that occurs most frequently in a set of numbers but it does not tell us anything more

The range
This is the difference between the highest and lowest values in the set of numbers, but, like the mode, it
does not tell anything much about the data.
The standard deviation
This is a number that tells you how closely the various scores are clustered around the mean in a set of
raw data.

KIND OF GRAPHS
A diagram displaying data; in particular one showing the relationship between two or more quantities,
measurements or indicative numbers that may or may not have a specific mathematical formula relating
them to each other. Graphs are pictures that help us understand amounts. These amounts are called
data. There are many kinds of graphs, each having special parts.

Circle Graph
A circle graph is shaped like a circle. It is divided into fractions
that look like pieces of pie, so sometimes a circle graph is
called a pie graph. Many times the fractional parts are
different colors and a key explains the colors. A pie chart (or a
circle graph) is a circular chart divided into sectors, illustrating
relative magnitudes or frequencies. In a pie chart, the arc
length of each sector and consequently its central angle and
area, is proportional to the quantity it represents.
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## Math Fourth Period 2.015

Bar Graph
A bar graph uses bars to show data. The bars can be
vertical (up and down), or horizontal (across). The data can
be in words or numbers. Also known as bar chart is a chart
with rectangular bars with lengths proportional to the values
that they represent. The bars can be horizontally oriented or
vertically oriented (also called column chart).Sometimes a
stretched graphic is used instead of a solid bar. It is a visual
display used to compare the amount or frequency of
occurrence of different characteristics of data and it is used
to compare groups of data.

Picture Graph

## A picture graph uses pictures or symbols to show data. One

picture often stands for more than one vote so a key is
necessary to understand the symbols.

Histogram

## A histogram is a special kind of bar graph. The data must be

shown as numbers in order. A line graph shows points plotted
on a graph. The points are then connected to form a line.

## 1. Answer these questions according to the text of kinds of graphs.

a. What is the main function to the graphs? ________________________________________________
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## b. What is the difference between bar charts and histograms? ___________________________________

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## Math Fourth Period 2.015

c. Can we make a bar chart vertically oriented? ______________________________________________
d. Can we draw a picture graph without information (data)? _____________________________________
e. Can we show information through a bar o pie chart? ________________________________________
f. How can we get information to draw a graph? ______________________________________________
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2. Solve these situations using the given information

## a. Create a pie chart using this information.

>Survey. What is your favorite kind of food?
a. 30 people chose Colombian food
b. 15 people chose Chinese food
c. 10 people chose Italian food
d. 5 people chose Mexican food

## b. Create a bar chart using this information.

>Survey. What do you think is the best president around the world?
a. 60 people chose lvaro Uribe
b. 30 people chose Barack Obama
c. 15 people chose Luiz Inacio da Silva
d. 10 people chose Gordon Brown
e. 5 people chose Hugo Chavez
f. 0 people chose Rafael Correa.

Favourite Color

Other

Yellow

Black

## b. ______ people chose red

c. ______ people chose green

Green

Red

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## Math Fourth Period 2.015

d. Write the numbers for each option in the bar chart.

## Favorite English soccer player

90

David Beckham

80
70

Steven Gerrard

60
50

Wayne Rooney

Other

40
30

Michael Owen

20

Peter Chech

10

Sol Campbell

0
Steven GerrardDavid BeckhamWayne Rooney Peter Chech Michael Owen Sol Campbell

Other

## >Survey. What is your favorite English soccer player?

a. 60__ people voted Steven Gerard is the best English soccer player.
b. _____

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c. _____

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d. _____

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e. _____

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f.

_____

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g. _____

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In the last school soccer championship the best forwards have scored many goals and these are the
records: Andrew, 5; Carl, 15; Fernand, 10; Stephan, 15; Dave, 25, Henry, 20; Camille, 15; and Charles,
10.

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1.

## Consult the biography about these recognized mathematicians

a.

Newton
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b.

Euler
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ASPECTS TO EVALUATE
I didnt have any difficulty along the development of the worksheet.

YES

NO

## I developed all the activities in order and dedication.

I felt myself comfortable doing all the activities.
I reinforced and acquired new knowledge to the activities planned in the
worksheet.

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