SCIENCE PAPER 2 ( CHEMISTRY ) ( One hour and a half ) Answer to this paper must be written on the paper provided

separately. You will not be allowed to write during the first 15 minutes. This time is to be spent in reading the question paper . The time given at the head of this Paper is the time allowed for writing the answers. Attempt all the questions from Section A and any four questions from Section B . The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ]. SECTION A ( 40 Marks ) Attempt all the questions from this Section Question 1. (a) Name the following : (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (b) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (c) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) The compound formed when excess ammonium hydroxide is added to copper sulphate solution. The process used to concentrate bauxite. A gas produced when cold (1%) dilute nitric acid is reacted with magnesium. An alloy made of copper and zinc only. Another name for elements belonging to group IIA. [5] Copper sulphate solution is electrolysed using platinum electrodes. Sulphur dioxide is passed through a jar containing bromine water. Excess ammonia is passed through Nessler’s reagent Ammonia is passed over heated copper oxide. Copper is added to concentrated nitric acid and heated strongly. [5] A salt solution reacted with AgNO3 solution , gives a white precipitate soluble in excess of NH4OH. The salt solution reacts with barium nitrate solution , gives a heavy white precipitate. The salt gives a gas with dilute H2SO4 turning lead acetate paper black. The salt with dilute H2SO4 gives a gas which turns acidified potassium dichromate green. The salt solution gives a brown ring with FeSO4 and concentrated sulphuric acid in drops. [5]

State what do you observe when :

Give the anions present in the following statements :

Turn over © Copyright reserved.

(d)

(i)

Copy and complete the following table based on electrolysis : Electrolysis of (i) (ii) Acidulated water CuSO4 using Cu electrodes Draw the structure of NH4+ ion Identify the lone pair of electrons and define it. Product at cathode Product at anode Reaction at cathode Reaction at anode

[6]

(ii) (iii) (e)

[1] [2] [3]

P consists of molecules . Select the correct answers by writing only the alphabets from the brackets. (i) (ii) (A) (B) (C) (iii) (A) The type of bonding is (A) Ionic (B) Covalent (C) Dative P will have : Low melting point and low boiling point . Low melting point and high boiling point . High melting point and high boiling point . In liquid state P will : Conduct electricity (B) will not conduct electricity (C) will become electrovalent [5] Sulphur dioxide is passed through potassium permanganate . Nitric acid is slowly dropped over magnesium carbonate . Ammonia is obtained from ammonium salts using slaked lime . Copper chips when heated with conc . sulphuric acid . Catalytic oxidation of ammonia. P S Ar [5]

(f)

Write balanced chemical equations for the following : (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v)

(g)

Na Mg Si (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v)

Given above are the elements of a period in the periodic table . To which period do these belong ? Name the missing element and rewrite them in correct order of placement Which element will have the highest ionisation potential ? Which one of them will have seven valence electrons ? Which element will have zero electron affinity ? 2

(h)

Choosing only from the list of substances given, write an equation for the reaction to obtain the following : ( Dilute sulphuric acid , copper oxide , iron ,zinc , copper carbonate , sodium carbonate ) (i) (ii) (iii) zinc carbonate sodium sulphate iron sulphate SECTION B ( 40 Marks ) Attempt any four questions from this Section [3]

Question 2. (a) The following element belongs to the second period of the periodic table : Elements Li Be B C N O Atomic No 3 4 5 6 7 8 Atomic mass 7 9 11 12 14 16 Answer the following with respect to the above period of elements : (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (b) (i) (ii) (iii) Question 3. (a) Answer the following questions with respect to the Hall Heroult’s process : (i) (ii) (iii) Give the reactions at the cathode and anode respectively. What is the purpose of cryolite and fluorspar in the electrolytic mixture . Why are graphite anodes replaced periodically during the process ? 3 Turn over [2] [2] [1] Which element has the most metallic character ? Which element would be expected to have the highest electronegativity ? Write the chemical formulae of the compound formed when boron reacts with oxygen. Draw the electron dot diagram of the above compound . State the type of bond formed. What is the reaction of litmus when lithium reacts with oxygen ? What happens to the atomic radius as you go across a period ? forms an anion forms a cation has four electron in the valence shell F 9 19 Ne 10 20 [1] [1] [1] [2] [1] [1] [3]

Elements X , Y and Z have atomic numbers 6 , 9 and 12 respectively. Which one :

(b)

Name the following : (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Flux in the extraction of iron An ore of zinc which is calcinated An ore of iron separated by electro-magnetic separation. The process used for converting iron to steel .

[4]

(c)

Bring out the main difference between quenching and annealing during the manufacture of steel. [1]

Question 4. (a) (b) (c) (d) Give an equation to prepare methane in the laboratory. Name the first oxidation product of ethane[2] State your observation when ethyne is bubbled through bromine solution. Name the products formed during the reactions that takes place. Give a test for alcohols. ( No equation required ). Name the product formed on dehydration of ethanol. Complete and balance the given equations : (i) (ii) (iii) Question 5. (a) (b) (c) (d) A solution of cane sugar cannot conduct electricity but a solution of sodium chloride is a good conductor. Explain State the cathode and anode used during electroplating of an article with silver. Sulphur-dioxide is an acid anhydride of sulphurous acid. Explain the meaning of the underlined word . Give any test to detect the presence of sulphur-dioxide Write a chemical equation to show that : (i) (ii) (iii) sulphur-dioxide acts as an oxidising agent . sulphur-dioxide acts as a bleaching agent. sulphur-dioxide acts as an reducing agent. [3] [3] [2] [2]
H SO4 CH3COOH + C2H5OH dil2 → 

[3] [2] [3]

CH3.CH2.Br + KOH ( alcoholic ) C2H6 + Cl2
U.V Light →

4

Question 6. (a) 2KMnO4 + 16HCl

→ 2KCl + 2MnCl2 + 8H2O + 5Cl2

[3]

1.12 dm3 of chlorine gas is produced at s.t.p when potassium permanganate reacts completely with hydrochloric acid. Find (i) (ii) (iii) (b) (c) Number of moles of chlorine in 1.12 dm3 at s.t.p. Moles of potassium permanganate required Weight of manganese chloride formed in grams. [ K = 39 , Mn = 55 , O = 16 , Cl = 35.5 [2] [3]

Calculate the percentage of phosphorus in Calcium phosphate. [ Ca = 40 , P = 31 , O = 16 ] A gas Z has vapour density 8.5 . Calculate : (i) (ii) The number of moles Volume of gas at s.t.p in 1.7g of the gas.

(d)

What mass of anhydrous copper sulphate is left when all the water of crystallization of hydrated copper sulphate ( CuSO4 . 5H2O ) is expelled by heating 24.95g of it? [ At . mass : H = 1 , O = 16 , S = 32 , Cu = 63.5 ] [3]

Question 7. (a) Answer the following question with respect to Haber’s process : (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (b) (i) (ii) (c) (i) What is the purpose of Haber’s process ? Name the catalyst and promoter in the above process ? Why is temperature control necessary in this process ? How are unreacted gases separated from ammonia produced. when ammonia is in excess when chlorine is in excess Duralumin (ii) Bronze [2] [2] [1] [2] [2] [1]

Write the chemical equation for the reaction of ammonia with chlorine :

State the composition of the following alloys :

5