SCIENCE PAPER 2 CHEMISTRY ( One hour and a half ) Answer to this paper must be written on the paper provided

separately. You will not be allowed to write during the first 15 minutes. This time is to be spent in reading the question paper . The time given at the head of this Paper is the time allowed for writing the answers. Attempt all the questions from Section A and any four questions from Section B . The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ]. SECTION A (40 Marks ) Attempt all the questions from this Section Question 1 (a) Parts (i) to (v) refer to the changes in the properties of elements on moving left to right across a period in the Periodic Table . For each property ,choose the letter corresponding to the correct answer. (i) The non-metallic character of the elements : (A) (C) (ii) (A) (B) (iii) (A) (C) decreases remains the same decreases remains the same increases remains the same (B) (D) (B) (D) (B) (D) Increases depends on the period Increases first increases and then decreases decreases increases first and then decreases [5]

The atomic size :

The ionization potential of the elements :

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(iv)

The electron affinity of the elements : (A) (C) increases increases and becomes zero decreases remains the same (B) (D) (B) (D) decreases remains the same increases decreases and then increases [6]

(v)

Electronegativity of elements : (A) (C)

(b)

Complete the statements pertaining to electroplating of article with silver. (i) (ii) (iii) During electroplating of the article the cathode is _______ and anode is ________. The electrolyte used during electroplating is ____________ .

The ________ and _________ ions migrate to the anode but neither gets discharged. Instead __________ are formed in solution. [4]

(c)

Ammonia is the subject of the following questions : (i) (ii) for the laboratory preparation of ammonia from ammonium chloride .

Ammonium salts on heating with alkali liberate ammonia . Give a balanced equation Ammonia is collected by downward displacement of air , since it is lighter than air . Name another gas which is also lighter than air , but not collected by above method in the laboratory.

(iii) (iv) (d) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v)

Give a reducing reaction of ammonia . Give a balanced equation for conversion of ammonia to ammonium sulphate. Give a reason why gases at different temperatures and pressures are reduced to standard temperature and pressure . State Avogadro’s law . What is meant by the term atomicity ? What is the atomicity of nitrogen and carbon Explain the term Avogadro number . Calculate the number of molecules in 1.8g of water. [5]

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(e)

(i) (ii) (iii)

What is meant by the term ‘electrolysis’. Sodium hydroxide is a strong electrolyte and ammonium hydroxide is a weak electrolyte. Give two reasons to support your answer. State the product at the anode during electrolysis of : 1. 2. 3. Molten lead bromide using graphite electrodes. Acidulated water using platinum electrodes. Sodium argentocyanide solution using silver electrodes. [5] [5]

(f)

A to F below relate to the source and extraction of either zinc or aluminium . A. Bauxite B. Coke C. Cryolite D. Froth floatation E. Sodium hydroxide solution F. Zinc blende (i) (ii) Write down the letters each from the above list which are relevant to : 1. Zinc 1. 2. 3. 2. Aluminium Fill in the blanks using the most appropriate words from A to F : The ore from which aluminium is extracted first be treated with ________ so that pure aluminium oxide can be obtained .

Pure aluminium oxide is dissolved in _________ to make a conducting solution Write the formulae of cryolite . [6]

(g)

Answer the following questions pertaining to the acids by choosing the correct acid from the list given below : Dilute sulphuric acid , concentrated nitric acid , dilute hydrochloric acid , concentrated Sulphuric acid , very dilute nitric acid , concentrated hydrochloric acid , sulphurous acid (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Which acid is a hydracid ? Which acid is formed when an acidic gas ( formed by burning sulphur in air ) is dissolved in water . Which acid liberates a neutral poisonous gas from formic acid on reaction with it. Which acid reacts with calcium sulphite forming an insoluble salt.

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(v) (vi) (h)

Which acid liberates hydrogen on reaction with manganese. Which acid gives a white precipitate soluble in ammonium hydroxide on reacting with silver nitrate solution.

Using sulphuric acid as one of the reactants , how would you obtain the sulphur dioxide gas using the following : (i) (iii) A metallic bisulphite A pink metal (ii) (iv) A yellow no-metal A black non-metal [4]

SECTION B ( 40 Marks ) Attempt any four questions from this section Question 2 (a) Mention the colour changes observed when the following indicators are added to acid : (i) (ii) (iii) (b) (i) (ii) (iii) (c) (i) (ii) Question 3 (a) Give the IUPAC name and the functional group for each compounds whose structural formula are given below : (i) H H H C H 4 H C (ii) H O H C H C H H H C H [4] O Alkaline phenolphthalein solution Methyl orange solution Litmus solution What do you mean by a lone pair of electrons ? Which basic covalent compound contains a lone pair of electrons ? Draw the electron dot structure of hydronium ion. Calculate the number of moles and the number of molecules present in 1.4g of the ethylene gas . What is the volume occupied by the same amount of ethylene . What is the vapour density of ethylene ? ( Avogadro’s number = 6 x 1023 ; At . wt of C = 12 , H = 1 ; Molar volume = 22.4l[4] [3] [3]

(b)

(i) (ii)

Write the equation for the preparation of methane from sodium acetate . Name the reaction . What do you mean by catenation ? [2] [1] [3]

(c)

Draw the structural formulae of two isomers of butane and give their IUPAC name

Question 4 The following table represents the first three periods of the modern periodic table . Study the table and answer the questions that follow :
1 1 H 3 L i 1 M 2 0 B 2 g 2 1 2 2 2 3 2 4 2 5 2 6 2 7 A 2 2 A 4 e H e

1 1 N a 1 9

(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h)

What are elements of Group IA known as ? Name the element having highest ionisation potential. Name the element having zero electron affinity What type of bonding will be present in the oxide of the element with atomic number 3 How many electrons are present in the valency shell of the element with atomic no. 18 Which element has highest electron affinity ? What is the electron configuration of the element in the third period which gains one electron to change into an anion. Fill in the blanks : The atomic size ___________ as we move from left to right across a period , because the ____________ increases but the __________ remains the same. [10]

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Question 5 (a)
H y d r o g e n C h l o r i d e

D

r o

p

p

e r

W a t e r + b l u e l i t m

u

s

s o

l u

t i o

n

(i) (ii) (iii) (b)

Name the experiment illustrated by the above. Which property of hydrogen chloride is demonstrated by this experiment ? State the colour of the fountain in the flask. [3]

A , B , C , and D summarise the properties of sulphuric acid depending on whether it is Dilute or concentrated . Choose the property ( A , B , C or D ) depending on which is relevant to each of the preparations (i) to (iii) : A B C D (i) (ii) (iii) Dilute acid ( typical acid properties ) Non-volatile acid Oxidising agent Dehydrating agent Preparation of hydrogen chloride Preparation of ethene from alcohol Preparation of copper sulphate from copper oxide . Name the process used for the purification of bauxite . Write the equation for action of heat on aluminium hydroxide Why is graphite rods changed periodically in the electrolytic reduction of alumina ? Write the equation of the reaction that taks place at the cathode . 6 [4] [3]

(c)

(i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

Question 6. (a) (i) Dilute nitric acid is generally considered a typical acid except for the reaction with metals. In what ways is nitric acid different from other acids when it reacts with metals ? (ii) (iii) (b) (i) (ii) (iii) (c) (d) (i) (i) (ii) Write the equation of dilute nitric acid with copper Commercial nitric acid is yellow in colour . Account for these ammonia dissolves in water ? Name the other ion present when ammonia dissolves in water Give one test that can be used to detect the presence of the ion formed in b(ii) What is the name of the catalyst ? What compounds are required for the laboratory preparation of nitric acid ? Write equation of the following : 1. 2. Question 7. (a) (i) What volume of oxygen is required to burn completely a mixture of 22.4 dm3 of Methane and 11.2 dm3 of hydrogen into carbon dioxide and steam ? Equation of the reaction are given below: ( All volumes are measured at s,t,p ) CH4 + 2O2 → CO2 + 2H2O 2H2 + O2 → 2H2O (ii) The percentage composition of sodium phosphate as determined by analysis is 42.1% Na , 18.9% P and 39% of oxygen . Find the empirical formulae of the Compound ( work to two decimal places ) ( H = 1 , N = 14 , O = 16 , Na = 23 , P = 31 , Cl = 35.5 , Pt = 195 ) [5] [5] Copper and concentrated nitric acid Copper oxide and dilute nitric acid [3] [3] [1] The first step in the manufacture of nitric acid is the catalytic oxidation of ammonia. [3] Which feature of ammonia molecule leads to the formation of ammonium ion when

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