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Air pollution

Case study
Albania at Risk of Disaster from Pollution
According to experts Albania is facing disaster due to growing pollution caused by
poisonous gasses.
We are concerned about growing numbers of people suffering from cancer,
cardiovascular and pneumonia disease due to various poisonous gases, said
Environment Minister Ethem Ruka.
Tirana, albanias capital city, is one of the most polluted cities in the world. Experts
said that deaths due to illnesses caused by pollution have increased by 20% in
Tirana in the past two years.
90% of the vehicles are too old, 70% use diesel and 30% petrol, but mostly petrol
with lead and a huge quantity of sulphur, banned in the European Union countries,
Ruka said.
Until recently the worst air pollution was in Elbasan the center of heavy industry,
where pollution from dust and sulphur gas was 15 times above acceptable levels.
Here there has been an increase in the number of babies born with deformities.
There have also been reported cases of deformed animals being born: four-legged
roosters and two headed calves and rabbits. The soil is so contaminated that in
some places planting food croop is banned. Source: geography IGSCE book.
1) What happened if this problems let it occur? explain
2) Who the biggest supply air pollution?
3) What can they do to solve this problems?
1) It will brings big problems, start from effected to human and animals life. Co2
is the poisonous gasses for human and animals, poisonous gasses will
damage human inhalation. Because that gasses are no needed for our body.
It will disturb the growth numbers of people and make people suffering from
cancer, cardiovascular, and pneumonia disease due to various poisonous
gasses. Others, global warming will happened due to Co2 produced more. If
the global warming occur might has consequences likes Warmer sea surface
temperatures will result in more and stronger tropical storms (hurricanes and
typhoons), Natural ecosystems will be hard pressed to keep up with the
changing climate because the rate of change will be faster than typical longterm natural climate change. Many species, especially plant species, will not
be able to migrate to cooler areas fast enough to keep up with the warming
of their habitats. And arctic species will have no place to go and may not be
able to adapt to the new conditions and more. Besides, Higher CO 2 allows
plants to grow faster (more CO2 enhances photosynthesis). That would sound

good for agriculture. However, weed species tend to grow even better than
crop plants under enhanced CO2 conditions so improved crop growth may be
nullified by weed competition.
2) The first is combustion from vehicle then industry.
3) We can't realistically stop the rise of CO2 in the near term, but we can slow it
and therefore reduce the consequences that will occur. More fuel-efficient
cars, less frivolous driving, more use of mass transit, improved insulation to
decrease the fuel burned to heat and cool our homes, more efficient
appliances, use of fluorescent rather than incandescent light bulbs, and
careful monitoring of home electricity usage (turn off the lights and TV when
not using them) can reduce our energy needs. Conversion to alternatives like
wind and solar power which don't burn fossil fuels and emit CO 2 into the
atmosphere. Planting large areas with trees will consume CO 2 as the trees
grow, until the forests mature. Stopping deforestation in the tropical forests
around the world, especially in the Amazon and Indonesian rain forests, will
keep that carbon in the forest rather than sending it back into the
atmosphere as the trees are burned or decay and are not replaced by more.