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AMERICAN STUDIES

Revision

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By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

Boston Tea Party

Tea Act

The Tea Act was an Act of Parliament passed


in May 1773 by the UKs Parliament to expand
the British East India Company's monopoly on
the tea trade to all British Colonies. In other
words, American colonists could buy no tea
unless it came from that company
The Tea Act lowered the price but the
American colonists saw this law as yet another
means of "taxation without representation".
Their response was to refuse to unload the tea
from the ships. This was the situation in
Boston that led to the Boston Tea Party.

The Boston Tea Party


Confederate Army
KKK
Progressive Movement
Roaring Twenties
Roosevelts New Deal
Henry Ford
Nativist sentiment
Volunteerism
Social Mobility
Decentralized Education
Affirmative Action
Causes of Civil War

Disguised as Indians
direct action by colonists in Boston,
against the British government and high
taxes on tea.
In December 1773, a group of colonists
boarded the ships and destroyed the tea
by throwing it into Boston Harbor.
an iconic event of American history
A crackdown in British Parliament

By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

Confederate Army

KKK

Confederacy
The army of the Confederate States of
America
Existed during the American Civil War.

By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

Ku Klux Klan
is the name of three distinct past and
present far-right organizations in the
United States
Advocated extremist currents:
Expressed through terrorism

By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

KKK

Progressive Movement

1. the South: 1860 early 1870s


2. Early and mid 1920s
The Red Scare 1919

white supremacy,
white nationalism,
Anti-immigration,.

3. After WW II- opposed civil rights


movement and progress among
minorities

By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

Roaring Twenties

Flapper

jazz music blossomed,


the flapper redefined modern womanhood,
Silent movies

Short skirts,
Bobbed their hair,
Listened to jazz
Disdain social norms
Wear excessive makeup,
Drink, smoke, drive automobiles
Treat sex in a casual manner

By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

Roosevelts New Deal

a series of economic programs


Between 1933 and 1936.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt first
term
"3 Rs": relief, recovery, and reform.

Eliminate corruption
Women's suffrage
Modernizing and emphasizing scientific,
medical and engineering

By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

1920s.
Emphasize the period's social, artistic,
and cultural dynamism

was a period of social activism and


reform
From the 1890s to the 1920s.
Aim: cure many of the ills of American
society during the industrial growth

Relief: for the unemployed and poor;


Recovery of the economy to normal levels;
Reform of the financial system to prevent a
repeat depression.
By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

Henry Ford

1863 1947
A prominent American industrialist,
the founder of the Ford Motor Company,
Revolutionized transportation and American
industry (Model T)
One of the richest and best-known people in
the world. "Fordism":

mass production
inexpensive goods
high wages for workers.
By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

Volunteerism

Nativist sentiment

Advocated the interests of certain


inhabitants
Opposed newcomers or immigrants.

working on behalf of others


without payment

lower the political or legal status


hostile or alien to the natural culture

Many are specifically trained: medicine,


education, or.
Others: emergency rescue: natural disaster

To promote good or improve human quality of life,


For Volunteers own skill development,
To meet others
To make contacts for possible employment,
To have fun

By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

(Social) mobility

Decentralized in Education

The likelihood that a child will grow up


into adulthood and attain a higher level of
economic and social wellbeing than
his/her family of origin.

Elementary and secondary education is


financially supported by three levels of
government - local, state, and federal.
divided into public and private institutions
public education is separately developed
within each state
quality of education

By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

Decentralized in Education

Decentralized in Education

ADVANTAGES
not all students are concentrated on the
same topics of study
allows each student to specialize in a
certain field
allows students to discover their interests

By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

DISADVANTAGES
Disparity in wealth affects the quality of
education

Rich communities afford to pay more


public schools provide lower quality
education for students from poorer families

By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

Cause(s) of the Civil War

Affirmative action

positive discrimination
use of different standards for assessing
different groups of people,
help a disadvantaged group (AfricanAmericans)
In education: admission to universities

SLAVERY?

Slavery was the central,


but not the only
cause of Civil War

using quotas
using different admissions criteria that take race,
poverty or school-background into account
Equality
ofThanh
opportunity.
By Pham Thi
Thuy B

By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

Economic and social differences


between the North and the South

Top Five Causes of the Civil War


1. Economic and social differences
between the North and the South.
2. States versus federal rights.
3. The fight between Slave and NonSlave State Proponents.
4. Growth of the Abolition Movement.
5. The election of Abraham Lincoln.

invention of the cotton gin in 1793


cotton became very profitable.
save time to separate seeds from the
cotton.
Other plantations move to cotton crops
greater need for cheap labor, i.e. slaves.
the southern economy: depend on cotton and
therefore on slavery.

By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

The North

States versus federal rights.

economy based more on industry than


agriculture.
purchasing the raw cotton and turning it
into finished goods.
difference in economic attitudes.
The South was based on the plantation
system while the North was focused on
city life.
By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

Strong central power: federal government


greater states rights
Constitutional Convention
US constitution: in secret
Strong proponents of states rights:
were not present at this meeting
unhappy
continue to act independently.
By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

The fight between Slave and


Non-Slave State Proponents.
- America expanded:
- Lousiana Purchase
The Missouri Compromise: 1820:
prohibited slavery in states from
the former Louisiana
- More territory from Mexican War,
Compromise of 1850:
balance between slave and free states
states to determine whether the
slaves would be free or not.

Growth of the Abolition


Movement.

The northerners became more polarized


against slavery.
Sympathies began to grow for
abolitionists and against slavery and
slaveholders.

By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

The election of Abraham Lincoln.

when Lincoln was elected in 1860


"Declaration of the Causes of
Secession."
They believed that Lincoln was antislavery and in favor of Northern interests.

By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

1.

The Colonial Era (1607-1773)

2.

A New Nation

3.

The Civil War (1861-1865)

4.

Late 19th Century: industrial


development

5.

World War I: 1914-1918

6.

The Roaring 20s

7.

Great Depression: 1929-1933

8.

World War II: 1939 -1945

9.

The Cold War: 1945-1991

10. Beginning of 21st century


By Pham Thi Thanh Thuy B

11. The War Against


Terrorism
By Pham
Thi Thanh Thuy B