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better the machine ought to travel once
Electricity could also be used, but as been arranged to escape when the
it rose above the tree tops. both steam and electricity can be se- clock stopped, gave out, and the ma-
When the roof doors of the airship's cured from very small engines of great chine came to the ground."
cage were opened, the tremendous bulk power he will not decide this point u^- Then there is a young man named
rose in good order. The engines were
set to work, and the hawsers that held
til after several experiments. Charles Sigors who has invented a fly-
Beneath the cylinders will hang the ing machine which is to have a pecul-
Wiff Play
the colossal bird to earth were about to car containing the passengers. This car iar use. It is not an airship. It is
This is the age of the airship. The be loosed when a tremendous gust of will be of wickerwork or some similar merely a flying attachment to be fitted
evolution of the balloon to the flying
machine is nearly complete, and it is
not improbable that within a few years
great aerial vessels for passenger serv-
1 wind took, a hand in the proceedings.
It tore the airship from its moorings.
It dashed it madly over against a big
oak' tree. The silken covering and the
material and will hold about 20 peo- to a bicycle. Experiment has been
At Chess.
For some time past a spirited con-
ice and monster engines of war and delicate mechanism test has been waged among the chesa

expedition that was to leave Spitzber- were ripped and
commerce will be seen sailing through torn. In a h&lf njlnute that dastardly playing members of the house of repre-
space. gen last summer has not yet materializ-
Recently the newspapers of the whole ed, but the project has received a breeze destrojyed ithe careful work of sentatives for the purpose of determin-
great boom from the fact that King Os-
years. Mr. Marricjtt became discour- ing who should have the honor of being
country have been exploiting stories of aged. The wjondeirful craft was never
airships seen hovering over various car of Sweden is behind an expedition rebuilt, and jall further proceedings selected to represent the house in the
towns and country places in districts which will be managed by the Andree forthcoming international chess match
eery far apart. The testimony seems party. It is scheduled to start from looking to
securing of a patent were
with a team picked from the members
unimpeachable, especially in the face Spitsbergen about July 1. my hands with no more effort than it j

\u25a0i' sc many witnesses, but certain de- One of the principal claims made for would take to raise and lower my arms. One of the ! most remarkable of the of the house of commons of the British
ils arc always lacking to complete flying machines is that they would be The machine can be sent to any height recently invehted airships was that de- parliament.

the evidence. Now it is a story of a useful in time of war. The aerodromists desired to take advantage of any air signed by CaJ-1Erlckson and exhibited The first step toward the match was
wonderful vessel s.een on the Pacific say they could fly over an enemy's current and lowered at will by simply at the recent mechanics' fair in San taken by a member of the British par-
*oast in the neighborhood of San Fran- country and drop dynamite and other stopping the machinery. When de- Francisco. I|t Combines the silk bal- liament a few weeks ago, just before
Next a explosives over his camp, but the ma- scending, the wings can be adjusted so loon, filled with hydrogen gas; the
t maybe Sacramento. the adjournment of the short session oi
that they will act like a parachute, and cylinder, containing the motive mech-
chines would not be much more valua- the Fifty-fourth congress. Speaker
ble for that purpose than balloons. The a descent can be made from any height anism, and the balancing wings.
United States army has balloons pre- .in perfect safety. The proportions of Electricity is the propelling force. The Reed one day received in his mail a let-
pared for such an emergency, but Gen- the machine are all arranged in ac- propeller, made of aluminium, regu- ter from the Britishers which stated
eral Miles, the eminent commander, cordance with the sea gull's size and lates the speed. The car, which car- that several of the members of the
does not think that they would be shape, and I have no doubt that it will ries 12 passengers, is made of alumini- house of commons desired to arrange
muc-h of a factor in case of war. tly like a bird." um and prepared paper. Underneath a friendly game of chess with a simi-
The problem of how to travel through Professor George Wellner of Vienna, it are regulators to control the upward
who is a professor of engineering and and downward flight. lar number of members of the house
the air is one that has been tackled for of representatives. Speaker Reed is not
a very long time past, but especially machinery construction at the Technic- One of the most startling of recent an authority on chess matters, but
so by Americans during the past quar- al High school of Brunn, has patented airships for which patents have been
' knowing that Congressmen Shannon
ter of a century. The patent office in an airship which he is positive will sai! applied for at Washington is that of
and soar through space at the rate of of New York and Pearson of North
•*? _/- /^33~ fl&f^ -Washington teems with the devices of
anxious inventors who thought they 90 miles an hour without any trouble.
James Sledon Cowdon of Vienna, Fair-
fax county, Va. The claims which Mr.
Carolina were both much interested in
JONASSON'S FLYING MACHINE. the game he turned the communication
had solved the great problem. Professor Wellner has explained his Cowdon makes for his invention are so
over to them. They at once made a few
TROUYES MECHANICAL BIRD. M. Gustave Trouve, the celebrated airship as follows: astounding that to most people they
electrician and inventor, who had taken "My hope of its future success lies in will appear incredible, but he declares pie. Sections can also be reserved for made with this wonderful machine, and inquiries among their fellow
report comes of one having been seen out up to the end of IS9O some 81 pat- the construction of the sail wheel. It solemnly that he has actually solved the the conveyance of express matter. the results, the inventor says, make and found that quite a number of them
n Nebraska, or a farmer in some lowa ents and who is frequently referred to was patented in England as 'a rotary problem of aerial navigation and that Another machine is the invention of ordinary cycling seem as ancient and had played chess more or less and
counts reports seeing a bright light as "the French Edison," has construct- Henry Nuhen of New York. He calls clumsy as a joltingjourney in the wag- were willingto undertake a match with
sail for flying machines.' It is an in- the only obstacle that now stands in
and moving object in the air on a dark ed several working models of flying vention of my own. The wheel works his way is the necessity of conscripting
it a bicycle flying machine. "I tried ons of our grandfathers. the Englishmen.
night. Then the scene shifts, and a for three years." said Mr. Nuhen, "ev- The flying machine attachment is to At a meeting of the enthusiasts which
machines. His latest mechanical bird, on a fixed eccentric, and the air blades capital with which to put his airship
man or a score of men report seeing erything that Icould think of in the be fastened to the handle bar of the was called by Mr. Pearson a commit-
so far as Is known, is shown in the en- attached to the spokes have thereby upon a basis of commercial operation.
1 wonderful what is it from some other graving. He believes it to be the first an oscillating as well as a rotary mo- The new machine is modeled not on endeavor to secure some practical form bicycle. The wings will be of canvas tee was appointed composed of the fol-
remote quarter of the United States. the bird principle, but rather upon that of aerial transit. Everything failed, stretched over aluminium frames. They lowing men, who were instructed to
On the evening of Tuesday, Nov. 17, of the fish in the water. While a bird and at last I started to build a cigar will be 8 feet long and about 4 feet in reply to the informal challenge
itlast year many citizens of Sacramen- cannot remain at rest in the air, a fish
shaped machine, with propellers on top width. They will be rectangular in arrange the details of the proposed
i were surprised by the sudden ap- contest: Congressman Richmond Pear-
pearance directly over the city of a can poise at perfect rest and can raise son of Asheville, N. C, General Joe
startling aerial craft. The peculiar or lower itself by inflating or con- Wheeler of Alabama, General David B.
night visitant made its appearance tracting its bladders. Mr. Cowdon Henderson of lowa, Judge De Armond
fcbout 7 o'clock. People standing on the bases his theory upon this idea. of Missouri, Richard C. Shannon of
sidewalks saw coming through the sky He has also rejected the old balloon New York, Robert G. Cousins of lowa
»ver the house tops a huge and brilliant notion. The balloon, he argues, is en-
tirely at the mercy of the wind and is and Claude Swanson of "Virginia.
light propelled swiftly by some myste- Mr. tearson was nominated
rious force. So brilliant was the light compelled simply to drift with any cur- and
rent, thus being rendered practically elected as chairman and opened com-
that as it flashed past suburban resi- munications at once with Mr. J. Hen-
liences the inmates ran to their doors useless for purposes of volitional trans-
nicker Heaton, who is acting as the
•xpecting to tind a neighboring house portation, but; with, his own machine
manager for the British team.
n flames. Instead they saw a wonder- Mr. Cowdon claims' to be able to poise Congressman Pearson, who is con-
ful craft of the sky. in the air at- any distance from the
ground and to rise and fall as softly as ducting the negotiations on this side
It BWiftly drew near the city, sail- of the water, will doubtless be the cap-
.ng evenly to the southwest. a feather would go to earth. He can
with his apparatus,: he declares, travel tain of the American team. In the gen-
Then it dropped nearer the earth, eral frying out process among the can-
but suddenly shot up into the air again, through the afr at the rate of 100 miles
an hour in the face of any current, and, didates of the house to determine who
is if the force that whirled it through are the best players the North Caro-
Bpace were sensible to the danger of what is more,' the machine is always linian has had little trouble in van-
:ollision with objects on the earth. under the control of the engineer.
quishing them all. The Americans will
So much hundreds of prominent The Cowdon machine consists of three
saw, and it cigar shaped ,cylinders, two of which be at a great disadvantage in selecting
residents of Sacramento
i-aused consternation in all parts <.'f are placed on a level, and the third, their team, as so many members of the
the city, where groups gathered at Jhe which is midway between the two, is house are new men, and it is therefora
difficult to find out who are familiar
corners until far into the night listen- elevated several feet above them. These with the game. The subject has been
'ng to the tale of those that had seen cylinders are filled with hydrogen or
generally discussed on the floor of late,
t. any similar gas and when inflated will
however, and it has been found that
On reaching the extreme end of the have a lifting power in proportion to no less than 60 congressmen are more
:lty the strange object, as if careless their size. They are so shaped as to
or less expert in manipulating the ivory
Df its obligation to maintain a straight- present the least possible resistance tc
forward course, descended dangerous- the wind and yet give a good surface General Shannon of New York is also
y near the tall chimney of the electric for expansion of the gas.
railway power house, and an anxious Few American inventors have up to an excellent player and is able to give
/oice was distinctly heard to exclaim: now made any machine with cylinders. Congressman Pearson the closest ar-
"Lift her up quick! We will hit the Though this idea has been adopted both gument of the congressional contin-
:himney!" by the French and Germans, who, it Is gent. Judge De Armond plays a care-
The startled employees of the car conceded, are far ahead of us in aerial
which has risen into the air by its own tion. When this air blade reaches the mr.ny an evening with General Joe
stables ran to the corner and discerned unaided force, and also that its explo- experiments, the inventors of both and electricityfor a motive power. shape, and one will be fastened on ei-
a wonderfully constructed oblong highest part of its circle and just when these nations have thus far used but a This machine did fly for five or ten feet ther side of the air cylinder, which will Wheeler at the latter's rooms over a
sphere, brilliantly illuminated and sion motor covers the principle which about to descend, the oscillation of the single cylinder. Mr. Cowdon's employ- and then fell to the ground. be in the center. chessboard. General Wheeler has not
seemingly under perfect control. must become the primary base of all eccentric causes it to suck in the air ment of three cylinders is for the pur- "In my next machine I used cigar given much attention to the game of
In the cylinder lies the secret of the
Clearing the chimney, it quickly shot flying machines. The bird consists of and force it downward into the inside pose of giving steadiness to the ma- shaped tubes built of aluminium, which success of the device. It will be 4 feet recent years, but when a young man he
two wings connected through a Bour- of the wheel. chine, preventing any possibility of up- was able to give any one in his native
into the sky, as if obeying some mystic don bent tube, such as is used in steam
contain compressed air and a secret in length, with a diameter of 15 inches.
touch, and, ascending to a considerable "There are four blades to each wheel, setting and \u25a0•\u25a0re&ucfKjj! danger to- the- fluid for which, inventors have been Itwillbe constructed of aluminium and town a stiff argument. His play is rap-*
gauges, the peculiarity of which is that id and oftentimes brilliant^in character.
heigh!, continued on its southwesterly and the canvas is stretched over them, minimum. hunting for years. I equipped the ap- some alloy of sufficient resistance to al- v been
when pressure increases within the Congressman Pearsor
.\u25a0 arse and soon passed out of sight. giving the resemblance of a drum open The ends of the cylinder are fash- paratus with a bicycle attachment. low 100 pounds pressure of compressed mak-
Experiences and scenes like the above tube its outer ends move apart and re- ing a strong effort to gc jneral Hen-
turn toward each other upon dimin- at both ends. This is the main secret ioned in a telescopic way, so that the "In the model which I used the work air to the square inch.
nave been reported almost daily ever ished pressure. The passing away of Professor Otto derson of lowa to try for'ff place on the
M. Trouve increases team. Cousins of lowa, who also plays
lince from different parts of the coun- the efficiency of this action by putting Lilienthal in Berlin in August last is
try, and one man, a farmer, claims to sincerely mourned by all aeronauts and a good game of chess, says that out in
nave in his possession a note dropped a second tube within the first, and he lowa General Henderson has the repu-
produces therein a series of alternate those interested in the flying problem,
by the occupants of an airship on to for he had made marvelous success tation of being the best player in the
lis house. compressions and expansions by ex- state.
ploding 12 cartridges contained in a re- with his machine. For over five years
Such things force the belief that the he had made short flights at intervals Congressman Foote of New York is
volver barrel, which communicates
treat problem of the age, the ability with the Bourdon tube. These explo- and was a daring and intrepid experi- also known as a good chess player. He
sions produce a series of strokes of the menter. His machine as described by
wings, which, with the aid of a silk himself "consists of a wooden frame
sustaining plane, both support and pro- covered with cotton twill shirting. The
pel the bird in the air. frame is taken hold of by the hands,
This bird has flown 80 yards, and the a~i ins resting between cushions, thus
after its motive power is exhausted it supporting the body. The legs remain
flutters gently to the ground, the wings free for running and jumping. The
and silk body acting like a parachute. steering in the air is brought about by
For practical flying machines M. Trouve changing the center of gravity. This
proposes to derive most of the motive apparatus I had constructed with sup-
power from the atmosphere by taking porting surfaces of 10 to 20 square me-
up a supply of compressed hydrogen ters. The larger sailing surfaces move
only. This when mixed with a due in an incline of one to eight, so that
quantity of air forms an explosive mix- one is enabled to fly eight times as far
ture which he expects to use. as the starting hill is high. The steer-
John Alfred Jonasson, a Norwegian ing is facilitated by the rudder, which
sailor in whose brain the flying ma- is firmly fastened behind in a horizon-
chine idea bided for some years, came tal and vertical position. The machines
out a couple of years ago with a model weigh, according to their size, from 15
which he claimed would fly. Here is to 25 kilograms (35 to 55 pounds)."
his description of his invention: The experiments of Mr. Maxim, the
"There are two wings, each 16 feet inventor of the famous maxim gun, at
long. They are oval in shape, and it is Baldwyn's park, Bexley, England,
THE CARL ERICKSON AIRSHIP. my intention to inflate them with gas. have been very successful, and remark-
to navigate the air, has at last been The lifting power of these wings will, able developments are looked for dur-
solved by man. I calculate, be sufficient to support my ing the next few years. His machine
There has always been a species of weight and the weight of the car. The is built on the kite principle with large
tvai tare carried on among the different wings follow the curve of the boat on propellers.
Invi ntors of vessels to sail in the air the inner side and are attached to a Professor Langley's machine is call-
Dcean as to the lighter than air or mechanical device of my own invention ed an aerodrome. In May last he made
heavier than air problem. One party is a general all round sportsman, tak-
which willenable me to move the wings a flight that was extremely successful.
ing great interest in all athletics. He
believes in balloons, filled with some as rapidly as I like. The rudder is "No one could have witnessed these ex-
BOrt of gas, that rise because they are is himself a fine athlete, having pulled
built upon the plan of the tail of a bird periments," writes Professor Alexan- an oar on a Columbia varsity crew, and
lighter than the surrounding atmos- and is 10 feet long and 8 feet in diam- AN AIRSHIP WITH BALLOON ATTACHMENT. der Bell, "without being convinced that besides is an expert with the gldves and
phere. eter at the outer edge. Between the
The other side won't have anything rudder and body of the boat is a large of the machine, this rotary oscillating length can be increased or decreased by of the two men was done by the aid of the practicability of mechanical flight foil. General Spaulding in the prelim-
been demonstrated." Langley's ma-
to do with them, but pins its faith to canvas propeller having four blades, blade motion that gives it support in machinery. In this point lies the pow- the machinery taken from two small has chine is made of steel and driven by a
inary games has shown himself to be a
vessels that rise by means of sails, and there is an auxiliary propeller in the air and a rapid forward motion. er to rise or fall at will. The lifting alarm clocks. These were located in careful player, and Congressman Beach
engine. It resembles in form an of
wings, fans or other contrivances in the bow of the boat as large as the one The rest is mere detail. power of gas has been demonstrated the saddles of miniature bicycles, and steam
enormous soaring air with
Ohio moves the men about the board
bird the
the manner of birds. in the stern, which can be used to pro- "A small car, a compressed air en- to be incM||p!£l
in proportion as its the weights were so adjusted that the
extreme regularity in large curves. At
with great skill. Bodine of Missouri
and Shafroth of Colorado make a good
Arctic explorers have taken up the pel the boat in one direction or can be gine, the steering gear and a crew com- surface is increased, so that a clocks bore the same relation to the the trip last May
the machine went a pair, and Parker of New Jersey is a
idea of reaching the pole by means of
the air, but they always propose to
worked against each other in case the
rudder should be disabled.

posed of two individuals, a steersman
and an, engineer these are the details.
lengthening of the cylinder gives a model in the matter of avoirdi pois as
larger gas surface and causes a rise two men would to the full sized ma- distance of a half .mile in H/& minutes. clever player.
make use of balloons. "I can operate the rudder with my But this is for a flyingmachine of the of the machine, a shortening in the chine. We went into a field at Jamaica, The many stories in the newspapers Congressman Pearson has received
smallest description. I length of the cylinder being followed N. V., to make a first test. The ma- recently in regard to the appearance the names of the men who are to repre-
Professor Andree's much talked of feet and the propellers and wings with have measure-
ments for machines to carry also 4, 8, by a corresponding decrease of surface chine rose in the air for 200 feet and of airships in different parts of the sent the house of commons in the com-
16 and 20 persons. The latter number and a consequent lowering toward the then started off at a terrific rate. It United States has stirred up the cranks ing match. They are Mr. Arthur
is, I think, the safe maximum, though earth. flew about the length of \^k city blocks, on that subject, and Washington teems Strauss, member for Cornwall; Mr.
greater calculations could still toe car- It is in the placing of the engine and and then the air and fluid, which had with men applying for patents. Horace Curzon-Piunkett, member for
ried out. For eight persons steam en- propellers that Mr. Cowdon also claims the south division of Dublin county;
gines must be substituted of at feast to have developed an entirely new idea. Mr. Arthur Atherley Jones, member for
200 horsepower. Sufficient for a prima- In all of the models made in America the northwest division of Durham, and
ry trial, however, is the small flying and Europe the propellers have been Mr. John Howard Parnell, brother of
machine to carry two persons." placed in Ihe rear. This is the case the late John Stewart Parnell. mem-
The late Mr. Marriott of California with the French machines, which can ber for Southmeath. These four will
spent thousands of dollars in perfecting make a speed of only seven miles an select another man, who will probably
his ship. It was built in a specially hour, as an increase over that will be either F. W. Wilson or Charles
constructed building on his place. One cause a tilting' of the ship on account Shaw.
summer day in 1869 he invited a num- of the uneven balance. The two pro- This is said to be an excellent team,
ber of his friends to go down to witness pellers of the Cowdon machine, being most of whom are veterans at the
the trial trip. Judging by the skillful at the ends, balance^perfectly. game, and they will therefore have an
soaring of the model, there was no Just betweeij eacfc of the propellers important advantage over their Amer-
reason to suppose the big ship would •and the enginp are ( the two rudders ican opponents, who know practically
not skim the empyrean like a lark on which steer th§ affair in the face of the nothing of the habits of play of their
a pleasure tour. When everything was wind or enable theY engineer to tack fellow members. The British team re-

arranged, it was noted that the gentle against it, as may be desired. The mo- cently played a match with the Quill
• " "" '
* ~" breeze had increased perceptibly until tive power, MryCowdon expects, willbe club of London, an organization com-
r it had become a northerly gale. steam. He is experimenting with a new posed of newspaper men, and defeated
Mr. Marriott was confident and de- engine which P gives' enormous force them handily by the score of 4% to
DR. WELLS' BALLOON. lighted, for the greater the wind the with very littie expenditure of coal. NOT AT ALL. IMPRACTICAL. 2Vi games.

BEASTS, BIRDS AND FISH. the noble animal has given 80 liters
(about 140 imperial pints) of his blood
in the cause of suffering humanity.
An inventor proposes to scare away
declare that g6rgeoii& bird to be decid-
edly tough eating, while it is said of
the swan that the fact of its ever hav-
ing been a familiar dish speaks highly in
hang on
with all the tenacity of a bull-
The nest which is made into soup and
eaten by the Chinese is that of a bird
Gallifet's charger, although in the best
of health, is daily the subject of scien<
tiflc experiments.
A new species of rabbit has been
Roman Empire. He wears a new suit,
perfumed with attar of roses, every
day, spending $15,000 annually on his
tailor, who keeps 20 employees constant-
Where do the swallows of England go right through a piece of plate glass a rats, moles, etc., by placing about arti-
favor 'of ancient English cutlery. closely allied to the swift. The nests found in Mexico at an altitude of ly at work for him. He puts on a new
for the winter? Some go to Rome, quarter of an inch thick at Turnberry ficial figures of cats made of plaster or Robert Bonner mentions the strik- are made of a gelatinous secretion from 9 000 feet, on the volcano Popocatepetl.
lighthouse. Ayrshire. terra cotta and having eyes of phos-
necktie three times a day and uses up
some to Nice and Monaco, some to Al- ing fact that when he bought his first the mouth of the bird. It is very small and has short ears and 200 pairs of boots a year. He spends
giers and some to Egypt. A naturalist The famous black Arab horse of Gen- phorescent material. trotting horse, in 1856, only 19 horses, It is estimated that about 250,000 ca- no tail. $1,000 a year on cigarettes and $75,000
who tied bits of red silk to swallows eral Boulanger is new being driven in A good story of a duck comes from livingand dead, had trotted a mile in naries are raised every year in Ger- There are nearly 400 varieties of hum- on sports. The prince is 30 years of
caught in England identified one of the a cab, and visitors to the stables of the Chideock. Frequenting an orchard, the 2:30. Now there are more than 13,000 many. The most important market is ming birds. age and is married to an Austrian arch-
tame birds in the neighborhood of the Pasteur institute at Garches can see bird found plenty of apples lying about, on the list. the United States, which imports over duchess.
pyramids. the former charger of Marshal Canro- and. mistaking these for eggs, she col- Among birds there are few better 100,000 birds per annum. Prince Albert of Thurn and Taxis is
Seme sdes of ths terrific force with bert, which figured so prominently at lected 18 into a nest and sat on them fighters than a goose, or a gander more Baron Finot's St. Claude, winner of spending on his clothes the fortune ac-
the funeral of the last of the French
Menelek's capital will soon have all
which a WrS passes through the air for a whole fortnight in the expecta- particularly. The ragged, white Rus- the grand steeple chase at Auteuil in cumulated by his ancestors while they the attractions of Paris. The negus
may ">«\u25a0 sra^ieS through the fact that a marshals. This charger is now used tion of producing a brood of ducklings. sian geese bite ferociously. It is not a 1890, is among the inmates of the Pas- held the monopoly of the post as hered-
for the production of serum, and so far
has ordered from a Mtiningen artist a
ti??.^ ago a common cutifew flew Those who have partaken of peacock mere peck -with them. They bite and teur stables at Garches, while General itary grand postmasters of the Holy panorama of the
defeat of the Italians.

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