You are on page 1of 8

R&TPO-msr BG-WI-2

Date: 2/11/2000 issue


1

Welding Inspection
BGas Theory Paper BG-WI-2
Name:
Signed:

This column is for official use only


Results
Marker 1:

Date:

Marker 2:

1. Which of the following is not an inert gas at welding temperature?


a.
b.
c.
d.

Argon.
Neon.
Carbon dioxide.
Helium.

2. Which arc welding process uses a non-consumable electrode?


a.
b.
c.
d.

MAG.
TIG.
Sub-arc
Electro-slag.3.

3. Which of the following is not a fusion welding process?


a.
b.
c.
d.

Electro-slag welding
Oxy-gas welding.
Forge welding.
Tungsten inert gas welding.

4. Which of the following current types would be used for the welding of aluminium with
the TIG welding process?
a.
b.
c.
d.

A.c...
D.c positive electrode.
D.c negative electrode.
Booth a and b.

Qu Paper BG-WI-2

R&TPO-msr BG-WI-2
Date: 2/11/2000 issue
1

5 Which of the following statement is true?


a.
b.
c.
d.

Electrode d.c positive produces a deep narrow weld pool.


The word rutile means calcium carbonate.
Porosity is always repaired.
D.c. electrode positive is used for the MAG welding of steel.

6 Which of the following welding processes is likely to produce the lowest hydrogen
content in the weld zone?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Sub-arc.
MAG.
MMA.
TIG.

7. What is the heat affected zone?


a. It is melted portion of the parent material.
b. It is the area immediately adjacent to the metal, which has undergone a
microstructural change.
c. It is the weld area plus the parent material, which has undergone microstructural
change.
d. It is the area in the weld region with the lowers tensile strength.
8. Which of the following statement is true regarding hydrogen cracking?
a.
b.
c.
d.

It is a type of hot crack.


It is most commonly found in ductile grain structured.
It only occurs in the HAZ.
It is the most common type of crack encountered in steel weldments.

9. The heat input during a fusion welding process:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Does not affect the grain structure of steel, unless it is very high.
Must be high as possible to avoid lack of fusion.
Affects the width and metallurgy of the HAZ.
All of the above.

10. The HAZ associated with a fusion weld:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Can not be avoided.


Usually has the highest tensile strength.
Both a and b.
None of the above.

Qu Paper BG-WI-2

R&TPO-msr BG-WI-2
Date: 2/11/2000 issue
1

11. What is a typing carbon equivalent in carbon-manganese steel LX 60 grade pipe


a.
b.
c.
d.

4%
0.54%
0.33%
0.12%

12. Why is a pre-heat something carried out on steels?


a.
b.
c.
d.

To remove moisture from the weld preparation.


To retard the cooling rate of the weld.
To aid fusion between weld metal and parent material.
All of the above.

13. What four criteria are necessary to produce HICC?


a. Hydrogen, moisture, martensite and heat.
b. Hydrogen, poor weld profile, temperature above 200c and slow cooling.
c. A grain structure susceptible to cracking, stress, hydrogen and a temperature
below 200c.
d. Weld defects, perlite, hydrogen and a temperature above the melting point for
the material being welded.
14. How many temperature indicating crayons would be required to ensure a pre-heat
temperature was lying within a specified range?
a.
b.
c.
d.

1.
2.
3.
As many as possible

15. A carbon equivalent of 0.5%:


a. Is high for C-Mn steel and many require a pr-heat over 100c.
b. Is generally insignificant for C-Mn steels and is certainly not to be
taken into consideration for pre-heat temperatures.
c. Is high for C-Mn steels and many require a pre-heat temperature
over 300c.
d. Is calculated from the heat-input formula.
16. In a martensitic grain structure what would you expect to increase:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Ductility.
Hardness.
Toughness
All of the above

Qu Paper BG-WI-2

R&TPO-msr BG-WI-2
Date: 2/11/2000 issue
1

17. Which of the following is not a type of track?


a.
b.
c.
d.

Fissssure.
Lamellar tear.
Fish eye.
Hot tear.

18. What do you understand by the term minimum interpass temperature?


a.
b.
c.
d.

Minimum post weld heat treatment temperature.


Minimum stress relief temperature.
The lowest temperature to be used during pre-heat.
The lowest temperature allowed during welding and between weld passes.

19. Which of the following welding processes may be described as a low hydrogen
process in comparison to MMA welding?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

TIG/TAG.
MIG/MAG
MIG/MAG (hollow wire/flux core).
Both a and b.
All of the above.

20. Pre-heat prior to welding:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Must always be carried out on steels.


Need not be carried out if post-heat treatment is to follow welding.
Is always carried out using gas flames.
None of the above.

21. What does pre-heat prior to welding influence?


a.
b.
c.
d.

Hardenability.
Weldability.
Cooling rate.
All of the above.

22. What happens to a C-Mn steel weld when it is quenched from the austenite region?
a.
b.
c.
d.

It becomes malleable.
Its hardness increases.
Its ductility increases.
All of the above.

Qu Paper BG-WI-2

R&TPO-msr BG-WI-2
Date: 2/11/2000 issue
1

23. Which post weld heat treatment process used on steels cools down in air from the
austenite region?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Normalizing.
Annealing.
Quenching.
Tempering.

24. Which element in steel has the greatest effect on hardness?


a.
b.
c.
d.

Manganese.
Chromium.
Carbon.
Nickel.

25. Which of the following pipe grades, after carrying out mechanical testing would you
expect to have the highest elongation value
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

X 80.
X60.
X65.
X42.
All of the above

26. Which of the following is most likely to apply in a tie in situation (X 60 grade pipe).
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Conventional root, fillers and cap stove


The root is always applied with a E 6010
All passes conventional
Stoved root run, conventional fillers and cap.
Both a and b.

27. Why is a weld procedure qualification test necessary?


a. To ensure the welder is able to make sound welds meeting the requirements to the
agreed welding procedure.
b. To ensure the welder satisfies the NDT and mechanical requirements of the
specification.
c. To give maximum confidence that the welding variable are compatible and will
produce sound welds meeting the requirements of the agreed specification.
d. To give a guarantee that welds are going to be produced.

Qu Paper BG-WI-2

R&TPO-msr BG-WI-2
Date: 2/11/2000 issue
1

28. Which of the following is not on a typical written welding procedure?


a.
b.
c.
d.

Joint preparation.
Amount of stress.
Pre-heat.
Consumable filler material.

29. Why is it necessary to carry out a welder qualification test?


a. To ensure the welder can weld.
b. To ensure that the welds can withstand extreme stresses.
c. To give maximum confidence that the welder can produce welds that meets the
requirements of the approved welding procedure(s).
d. To make sure the welder can produce a defect free weld.
30.
a.
b.
c.
d.

On a 10 inch pipe to pipe weld (X 65 grade pipe), which of the following applies?
The minimum longitudinal seam off set will be 250mm.
The minimum longitudinal seam off set will be 90
The pipe will be seamless; seam off set will not be applicable.
The joint will be welded in the conventional welding position.

31. How and where is the amperage and voltage checked during a welder qualification
test?

32. Describe the MMA welding process also giving five precautions against arc blow:

33. What criterion governs the pre-heat temperature to be used prior to welding?

34. Describe the TIG welding process also giving four reasons for tungsten inclusions:

Qu Paper BG-WI-2

R&TPO-msr BG-WI-2
Date: 2/11/2000 issue
1

35. What is the arc energy in kJ/mm using 30 volts, 150 amps and a travel speed of 8
inches per minute?

36. When and were would the welding inspector measure the pre-heat temperature if gas
flames have been used for the pre-head application, also include any application that may
require checking.

37. List the following welding processes in order of weld content, listing the process with
the highest hydrogen content first:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Sub-arc.
TIG.
MIG
MMA.
Electro-slag

38. Name four modes of transfer used in the MIG/MAG process and comment the
application areas of each:

39. Describe the following application areas and the characteristics of the following
gages
a.
b.
c.
d.

CO
Argon.
Helium.
Nitrogen.

40. List four advantages of the use of pre-heat prior to welding:

Qu Paper BG-WI-2

R&TPO-msr BG-WI-2
Date: 2/11/2000 issue
1

Qu Paper BG-WI-2