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Chapter 1


Background of the Study
Youth ages 15 to 24 are

important and highly vulnerable part of the

human resource in every developing countries. Demographic shifts in many
developing countries have increased the proportion of the youths as a
percentage of the total population.
The youth are the future leaders, workers, and citizens of their nations.
Yet in many developing countries, the youths lack basic education, employment
opportunities, and connectedness to civil society. They often have a negative
sense of their future, and are at risk for participation in gangs, militias, trafficking
groups, and extremist organizations. The assets of the youth should be used to
help their countries grow and prosper, however they often remain underused or
are channeled into crime, violence, and other destructive activities. Development
planners lack reliable bases of information enabling them to report on the status
of youth at a national or international level. This lack of data hinders efforts at the
national level to develop better policies and programs addressing the needs of
the youths are at risk.
According to the Philippine Statistics Authority National Statistics Office
(NSO), the proportion of youth population 7-24 years old who were out of school
and those who were unemployed and have not graduated from college increased
by 852 thousand, from 3.0 million in 1989 to 3.8 million in 1994. Like the data on
youth enrollment, the outcome of Out of School Youth’s (OSYs) could have also

1974). these rights should be observed even in the local scenario or in municipalities such as Mapandan of Pangasinan. Another possible factor was the onset of the harvest season. about 17. respectively. 2010).D.8 percent) by 1.6 percent of the 7-24 years old females were out of school.6 percentage point in 1994 after the proportion in urban areas rose by 2.4 percent(Functional Literacy and Mass Media Survey. This gap went down to 0.7 percentage points higher than the 10. 603. Mapandan is a third class . P. states that every child has the right to an education commensurate with his abilities and to the development of his skills for the improvement of his capacity for service to himself and to his fellowmen. In 1994. A 2. The Child and Youth Welfare Code. number 6 of the rights of the Child under Article 3. from their 1989 levels.1 and 1.1.5 percentage points to 14.2 been affected by some seasonality’s brought about by the differences in the months the two surveys were conducted. Thus under the same provisions of the same Presidential Decree. Thus. Hence..9 percent registered by their male counterparts. OSYs in the rural areas (12.1 percentage points. the child is one of the most important assets of the nation.8 percent while the rural incremented by 1. In 2010. This figure was 6.2 percentage point increase was observed in the male and female proportions.0 percentage points to 13. every effort should be exerted to promote his welfare and enhance his opportunities for a useful and happy life (Art.9 percent) edged up their urban counterparts (11. Furthermore.

Golden. there are 631 out school youth in the Municipality and unfortunately only 161 of them were sent to undergo Technical Skills Training to nearby institutions under the Grassroots Participatory Budgeting and Planning Project of 2014. Aserda. Philippines.3 municipality in the province of Pangasinan. Baloling. It was also awarded the Pangasinan's Healthiest Municipality for having the least number of malnourished children. Pias . Thus. Apaya. According to the Municipal Social Welfare and Development (MSWD). Primicias. According to the 2010 census. Santa Maria and Torres. Jimenez. Luyan. Nilombot . Poblacion. Coral. . Safest and Greenest Municipality (Category B). Mapandan is a Hall of Famer for having the Pangasinan's Cleanest. developing a Preparatory Enhancement Program of out of school youth is essential as it is set back on the frameworks of the existing Programs of the Government such as the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) and K to 12 and other Grassroots Programs.439 people. Lambayan. it has a population of 34. Anchored on the above premises as head teachers. within the context of the above details. there should be an active involvement in the preparation of such programs because as the prime movers in education they have the capacity to prepare and propose enhancement programs for out of school youth. It is politically subdivided into 15 barangays namely Amanoaoac.

Average monthly income of parents. and 3 No. Technical skills b. Personal 1 Age. and 2 Subjects of Interest? 2) What are the skills that can be harnessed and developed from the out of school Youth of Mapandan to develop their a. Pangasinan. 2 Sex.of-school Youths in Mapandan. Social skills .4 Religious affiliations? B. Source of family income. this study will seek tanswers to the following questions: 1) What is the profile of the Out. and . Specifically. C. of siblings. Education 1 highest education attended. and c. Pangasinan in terms of the following attributes? A. Mental skills.4 Statement of the Problem This study seeks to determine the involvement of head teachers in the Preparatory Enhancement Program to help out of school youth in Mapandan. 3 Civil Status. 2. Economic 1.

The study will be done during the calendar year 2015.of-school Youth in going to school. While the skills of the OSY’s in terms of mental. highest education attended and subjects of Interest will serve as independent variables.of-school Youth in going to school to develop their technical. number of siblings.of-school Youth in Mapandan. Religious affiliation Average daily income of parents. Sex. Pangasinan in terms of age. Civil Status. The profile of the Out. . served as dependent variables. Pangasinan. mental and social skills 4) What preparatory enhancement programs can be derived for the out of school youth? 5) What is the degree of involvement of the head teachers in the preparatory enhancement programs in terms of: a) Planning b) Organizing c) Leading d) Controlling Scope and Delimitation The study focused on the in the involvement of school teachers in Preparatory Enhancement Program to help out of school youth through Skills Program Mapandan.5 3) What are the problems encountered by the Out. technical and social as well as the problems encountered by the Out. Source of family income.

thus an institutionalized skills program could help them along this area. The out-of- school youth is one of the concerns of the MSWD. which would lead to useful recommendations and findings that threy could use and infer and refer to. The results of the study would assess the degree of involvement of head teachers in the management of Preparatory Enhancement Programs. Out of School Youth Parents. organizing. Head Teachers.6 The study will determine any preparatory enhancement programs can be derived for the out of school youth as well as the degree of involvement of the head teachers in the preparatory enhancement programs in terms of planning. leading and controlling. . Significance of the Study The researcher believed that the result of this study would benefit the following. As giving education to their children is one of the basic responsibilities of parents. Being the respondents under study. Municipal Social Welfare and Development (MSWD). This study could give significance to this purpose. They are the main recipients of the results of the study since the results could be used as data in generating skills program for them and in formulating policies for alleviate their situation. Out of School Youth of Mapandan.

Mapandan. Urdaneta City in the East and Sta. It refers to the children ages 14 to 21 years old who are not studying or are not entering into formal education. Out of School Youth (OSY). Mental Skills. Barbara in the South. confidence. In this study refers to the different abilities of the out-of school youth which could be harnessed and developed in terms of metal. Anything that impacts your performance other than talent and physical skills such as focus. motivation. The findings of the study may serve as a guide or reference to future researchers who would be working on a similar study using different variables. Sta. In this study refers to the fact or condition of being involved with or participating in the management of Preparatory Enhancement Program .for OSY’s.Barbara in the West. Skills. Involvement. Definition of Terms To facilitate understanding of this study. . technical and social. the following terms are hereby defined operationally. Located at the center part of the province bounded by Mangaldan in the North.7 Other Future Researchers. In this study refers to the municipality in the province of Pangasinan.

engineering. scientific or computer-related duties. Preparatory Enhancement Program.8 Social Skills. Technical Skills. In this study refers to an educational Program or module that will harnessed and develop the particular abilities of the out-of-school youth. Refers to the knowledge and abilities needed to accomplish. specific tasks such as mathematical. . Refers to any skill facilitating interaction and communication with others.

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