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Your coursework at a glance
Your coursework will comprise a total of five chapters. The following pages will help you to complete each section but an overview of these chapters can be seen below. Chapter 1 – Introduction This will not be the first page of your coursework as you will have lists of contents and illustrations plus a title page, but it is the first part of the written text and it is here that the examiners are looking for evidence of a well planned and well ordered investigation. You need to demonstrate that you have a clear understanding of WHY you are carrying out this investigation by using key geographical terms and ideas on which the study is based and that your choice of method is appropriate. Chapter 2 – Data Collection/ Method Similar to the investigations that you carry out in Science, you will need to write a method for this investigation. This method is effectively your Data Collection chapter. You will need to explain exactly HOW and WHY the methods were used. Chapter 3A – Data Presentation/ Results Now that you have explained what you are going investigate and how you are going to do it, you must now process the data that you collected. Your data should be sorted out and then turned into tables and graphical displays. There are over 30 different ways you can use to show your results in your coursework booklet. Chapter 3B – Description of Results Now that you have processed your data into a variety of appropriate forms you must now describe what your maps, graphs, sketches, photos, tables and diagrams show. Combine chapters 3A and 3B so that you will have the description next to the relevant graph/map/diagram/sketch. Chapter 4 – Interpretation of Data (Conclusions) This chapter will give reasons and conclusions for the differences you have found in Chapter 3, relating them back to the original hypothesis that was stated at the start of this investigation. Chapter 5 – Evaluation This is the last chapter and could be called ‘How the enquiry process can be improved’. You will be critically looking at the enquiry and suggesting improvements.
1ST paragraph State your hypothesis Say WHY you are investigating this topic
4th paragraph Define your key terms and ideas Possible terms: location, land use, CBD, pedestrian count, questionnaire, sphere of influence, mode of travel, order of goods, frequency, accessibility, comparison, environment, pollution Draw a diagram to show settlement hierarchy
2nd paragraph PREDICT some outcomes that you expect to find from this investigation i.e. the differences that you expect to find between Ramsbottom and Bury
3rd paragraph You need to describe where Bury and Ramsbottom are located in a written description, making specific reference to your maps 2/3 maps e.g. UK, North West, Bury/Ramsbottom Maps must be labelled
Method Questionnaire Land Use Map Location Bury – The Rock CBD of Ramsbottom Sampling Technique Random Biased Day Thursday Thursday Date 24/06/03 24/06/03 Times 11.30am 2.15pm Conditions Sunny – but cold wind Sunny – but cold wind
Start off with a summary table of all your methods like the one above Random –choosing sites/people by chane Biased – choosing specific sites/people for a definite reason Systematic – choosing every 10th shop/person You also need to include a separate table for the data that you collected on your own and explain what you did
Land Use Map Explain the meaning of the key and why categories were chosen Explain HOW you carried it out Describe WHY this would help you in proving/disproving the hypothesis
Own study State what you did, how you did it, when you did it and why
Environmental Quality Survey State the categories you scored and why you chose them Explain HOW you carried it out Describe WHY this would help you in proving/disproving the hypothesis
Questionnaire Include a copy of the questionnaire Explain HOW you carried it out Describe WHY each question was used and how each would help you to prove/disprove the hypothesis
Fieldsketch Explain HOW you carried it out – chose one in Bury and one in Ramsbottom Draw their location on a map Describe WHY this would help you in proving/disproving the hypothesis
Pedestrian Count Explain HOW you carried it out: the group exercise; times; tally chart; locations Describe WHY this would help you in proving/disproving the hypothesis
Chapter 3A and 3B
Process the data that you collected in Bury and Ramsbottom Look in the coursework booklet for examples of different techniques
All graphs, maps, tables, charts, sketches, photographs and diagrams must be accurate, clearly titled and labelled Try to use higher order skills in addition to lower order skills e.g. bar graphs in order to earn more marks
DATA PRESENTATION AND DESCRIPTION OF RESULTS
Describe what your maps, graphs, sketches, photos, tables and diagrams show. Try to have the description next to the relevant graph Try to state the obvious, say what the result shows and quote figures
There must be at least two ICT techniques: tables graphs maps pictures (scanner, digital camera) internet website evidence
START OFF THIS SECTION BY RESTATING YOUR HYPOTHESIS! Summarise the key findings that you have discovered Try writing them out in rough to try and find a logical order Make sure you mention the evidence from your results that backs up each conclusion Use the keywords that you listed in the Introduction when explaining as this will help you to gain extra marks
FINISH OFF THIS SECTION BY STATING WHETHER YOU HAVE PROVED OR DISPROVED YOUR ORIGINAL HYPOTHESIS AND WHY!
INTERPRETATION OF DATA (CONCLUSIONS)
Example of how to write up each conclusion: State the difference you have found out between Bury and Ramsbottom (e.g. Bury has a larger % of clothes shops than Ramsbottom) Quote the evidence that supports this particular conclusion (e.g. the pie charts Fig 3.4 show that …….) Explain why this is the case (e.g. the reasons for this are……) Try to make links between the sets of data that you have collected Repeat this process for ALL the conclusions you have come to.
Methods Try to find a problem for each method Suggest ways that it could be improved Think about the quality of each method, sample sizes, impact of the day/date/time or weather on the method
Results How accurate are they? Did you make any errors when collecting the date that could affect the results? Would you get the same results if you repeated it now? What if you repeated the study in a different season?
Finally, aim to link the three elements together by showing how the limitation in the data collection techniques has affected the accuracy of the results and, therefore, the validity of the conclusions.
Conclusions Question the accuracy of your conclusions if your results are not entirely accurate Would you get the same conclusions if you repeated the study at a different time?