Writing Process Notions

1. Prewriting: gathering and organizing ideas for a composition a. Step 1.1: BRAINSTORMING
i. Look at the topic and try to collect information 1. Listing 2. Clustering 3. Questionning

b. Step 1.2: OUTLINING
i. Before you start listing your ideas, you need to define your purpose. Then, you can make a list of your best ideas. Put them in order that makes sense. Don’t forget that each main idea refers to a paragraph.

2. Drafting: a. Now it’s time to start writing your text. It doesn’t have to be perfect. It is only a draft and needs to be improved. So, you are allowed to make mistakes. i.
Work from your outline. Use your outline and add new ideas as you go along if it is necessary. Audience + purpose = fundamental


Let the words flow. Write quickly. Don’t worry about neatness. Don’t be afraid to cross out words, leave blank spaces, or move things around. Don’t stop because of mistakes.


Start anywhere. When a good idea pops up in your head, write it down immediately, even if it’s about the middle of the story. You can fill out the empty parts later.

iv. v.

Jump around if necessary. When ideas rush to your head, make a few notes here and there. Do more prewriting. If you get stuck, work on your prewriting some more and sometimes you may also need to adjust your plan (brainstorming and outline).


Write on every other line. Give yourself room for making changes.


Leave your draft aside. When nothing seems to work, put your draft away for a while. A day’s rest will allow you to look at it with fresher eyes.

3. Revising a. The revising part is one step to the final product. Do not be afraid to use a pen and to cross out, add and shift words or sentences. i. Reread with a fresh eye. Try to look at your draft as if it was
written by someone else. What do you like? What could be better? What should be cut out?

ii. Consider purpose and audience. How can you make your
composition achieve its purpose better? Is there any way you can make it more appealing to your audience?

iii. Find another eye. Ask a friend or relative for comments. iv. Expand your best ideas. Develop interesting parts and
descriptions with more details, examples, and incidents.

v. Cut out unnecessary parts. Weed out, or rewrite, parts that
lack appeal or are unrelated to the main idea.

vi. Check you writing style. Consider these:
0 1 2 3 4 Which long, rambling sentences could be broken up? Which short, choppy sentences could be combined? Where can I use vivid words instead of dull ones? Have I used transition words to make the order clear? Does every paragraph have a main idea? - How can I vary my sentence beginnings?

4. Proofreading a. Before handing in your text, it is important to correct your mistakes. i.
0 1 2 3 4 Check for errors. Pay special attention to the following details: spelling (use a dictionary) punctuation capitalization plurals verb tenses ii. Look at one line at a time. Take the time to look carefully at each sentence. Start by the end of your text. iii. Go through your draft several times. Go over your text when you’re well rested. A checklist may be useful to guide you

iv. 5. Publishing

finding your mistakes. Find another eye. Ask a friend or relative to check your paper.

a. Finally, you’re done!!!! You can publish your text in different way; news paper, internet, journal prompts or entry, book report, magazine, and so on. i. ii. iii. iv. 6. Editing a. The editing part is done with your writing. You should ask other people’s opinion to help you to improve yourself. There are different kind of peer-evaluation feedback grids that can help to provide great comments and being fair with the person you are evaluating.
Add a title and heading to your final draft Make a neat copy. Proofread one last time. Find a way to make the writing public

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