aero engineering thermodynamics

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aero engineering thermodynamics

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II YEAR/ III SEM - B.E AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

AE 2203 AERO ENGINEEIRNG THERMODYNAMICS

MODEL EXAMINATION

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MARKS: 100

Paper -1

PART-A [10*2=20]

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process.

2. Differentiate between point and path function.

3. Draw the otto cycle on a p v diagram and mark the

processes.

4. What are the assumptions made in air standard cycle analysis?

5. What is meant by quality of steam? Does it have any meaning

in the superheated vapour region?

6. Define the terms: thrust and specific impulse.

7. What is a ton of refrigeration?

8. What are the desirable properties of a refrigerant?

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PART-B [5*16=80]

10. Define the terms: Black body and Opaque body.

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minute. The inlet and outlet conditions of air are V1 = 10m/s, p1

= 1 bar vs1 = 0.5 m3/kg and V2 = 80 m/s, p2 = 7 bar, vs2 =

0.15 m3/kg. The increase in enthalpy of air passing through the

compressor is 160 kJ/kg and heat loss to the surroundings is 720

KJ/min. Find the power required to drive the compressor. Assume

that inlet and discharge lines are at the same level.

Or

(b) Two Carnot engines work in series between the sources and

sink temperature of 500 K and 300 K. If both engines develop

equal power. Determine the intermediate temperature.

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The compression begins 400C and 0.1 MPa. The heat supplied per

kg of air at the end of the compression is 852 KJ. Find the

temperature and pressure at all salient points and the efficiency.

Or

(b) A single stage double acting air compressor of 62.5 kW I.P.

running at 120 r.p.m. takes air at 1 bar and delivers at 10 bar.

Assuming the law of expansion and compression as pv 1.35 =

constant, find the diameter and stroke of the cylinder.

3. (a) A steam power plant operating on Rankine cycle works

between 40 bar and 0.05 bar. If the steam supplied is dry

saturated, find the cycle efficiency and specific steam

consumption.

Or

(b) An aircraft flies at 960 kmph. One of its turbojet engines

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(ii) Thrust

(iii) Specific thrust

(iv) Thrust power

(v) Propulsive, thermal and overall efficiencies and

(vi) TSFC

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pressure. The air fuel ratio is 50 and the lower calorific value of

the fuel is 43 MJ/kg. For maximum thrust power determine

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and 370 C. the enthalpy of liquid at 370 C is 71 kJ/kg. The

enthalpies of R12 entering and leaving the compressor are 183

kJ/kg and 210 kJ/kg respectively. The rate of circulation of

refrigerant is 2 kg/min and efficiency of compressor is 0.85.

Determine :

(i) Capacity of the plant in tons of refrigeration

(ii) Power required running the plant.

(iii) COP of the plant.

Or

(b) With neat sketches, explain the working of winter air

conditioning system.

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work input is independent clearance ratio. Explain with the help of

p v diagrams.

Or

(b) Derive an expression for the volumetric efficiency of a two

stage reciprocating compressor in terms of clearance ratio and

pressure ratio

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