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NAVIGATION .

AUTOMATION

056261
3-139 PM.RECO-422

Operator, Technical and Service Manual

Repeater Compass System with Serial Interface RS 422

Console Repeater Compass


with 360 Card

Bearing Repeater Compass


with a 360 Card
in a Bearing Stand

Steering Repeater Compass for


Console Mounting with 360 and 10 Cards

Bearing Repeater Compass


with a 360 Card
in a Bulwark Console
Bulkhead Repeater Compass
with 360 Card

04 MAY 98 REV D
Head Office and Freight: Stueckenstrasse 1-3, D-22081 Hamburg, Germany
Correspondence Address: P.O. Box 760860, D-22058 Hamburg, Germany
Tel. ++ 49 - 40 - 299 00-0, Telex 2 15 202 a plat d, Fax ++ 49 - 40 - 299 00-298

NAVIGATION .

AUTOMATION
056261

List of Contents
CHAPTER/
SECTION

PAGE

1
1.1
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.1.3

DESCRIPTION ........................................................................................
Outline ......................................................................................................
System Overview .......................................................................................
Display ......................................................................................................
Power Supply ............................................................................................

1-01
1-01
1-01
1-01
1-01

1.2
1.2.1
1.2.2
1.2.3
1.2.4

1-02
1-02
1-02
1-02

1.2.5
1.2.6
1.2.7
1.2.8

Technical Description ...............................................................................


Standard Compass Card Assembly .........................................................
Housing, Bulkhead Repeater Compass ...................................................
Housing, Bearing Repeater Compass .....................................................
Console Repeater Compass and Steering Repeater Compass for
Console Mounting .....................................................................................
Bearing Stand ...........................................................................................
Bulwark Console ......................................................................................
Bearing Devices ........................................................................................
Functional Description .............................................................................

1.3
1.3.1
1.3.2
1.3.3

Technical Data ..........................................................................................


Operational Data .....................................................................................
Mechanical Data .......................................................................................
Electrical Data ...........................................................................................

1-04
1-04
1-04
1-05

2.
2.1
2.2

OPERATION ............................................................................................. 2-01


Synchronization Switch and Alarm Conditions ........................................... 2-02
Synchronization of Repeater Compasses ................................................. 2-02

3.
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.3.1
3.3.2
3.3.3
3.3.4
3.4
3.4.1
3.4.2
3.4.3
3.4.4

INSTALLATION AND INITIALIZATION .....................................................


Before Installation ...................................................................................
Setting Dip Switches .................................................................................
Dip Switch Information .............................................................................
Delay Time ................................................................................................
Repeater Address ......................................................................................
Formats of the Serial Interface ................................................................
Positions for Dip Switches S1 & S2 in Combination with other Equipment
Installation ...............................................................................................
Installation of the Bearing Stand and Bearing Repeater ..........................
Installation of the Bulwark Console and Bearing Repeater ........................
Installation of the Bulkhead Repeater Compass .....................................
Installation of the Console Repeater Compass ........................................

1-03
1-03
1-03
1-03
1-03

3-01
3-01
3-01
3-03
3-03
3-04
3-04
3-06
3-07
3-07
3-10
3-11
3-11
Contents I

NAVIGATION .

AUTOMATION

056261

List of Contents
CHAPTER/
SECTION

PAGE

3.5

Switch-on ....................................................................................................

3-12

3.6
3.6.1
3.6.2
3.6.3
3.6.4

Trouble Shooting............................................................................................
The "Sync." Switch ......................................................................................
Repeater Compasses cannot be Synchronized with the Master Compass
The LEDs and the 7-Segment Display ........................................................
Error Codes .................................................................................................

3-12
3-12
3-13
3-13
3-16

MAINTENANCE ........................................................................................... 4-01

Contents II

NAVIGATION .

AUTOMATION

056261

DESCRIPTION
The Repeater Compass System receives through an RS 422 serial interface
angular information according to which the rotor of a step motor is driven to a
related position. The compass card system is coupled to the step motor through
a gear train. The Repeater Compass System comprises basically two standard
compass card assemblies, one with a 360 card and a second with a 360 and
a 10 card which, are supplied in a housing as demanded by the associated
application.

1.

Outline
The repeater compasses display the vessel's heading as supplied by a
gyrocompass, a transmitting magnetic compass system or an electronic compass.

1.1.1.

System Overview
A suitable repeater compass is available for all applications and all locations.
Bearing repeater compass with a 360 card, watertight, for installation in a
bearing stand or a bulwark console.
Bulkhead repeater compass with a 360 card, watertight, for attachment to all
level vertical, horizontal and inclined surfaces.
Console repeater compass with a 360 card for installation in a bridge console.
Steering repeater compass with a 360 and 10 cards for installation in a
bridge console.
A bearing stand and a bulwark console complete the system.

1.1.2

Display
All repeater compasses display the vessel's heading on a 360 compass card.
An exception is the steering repeater, which has a 360 and a 10 card.
Graduations and figures appear white on a matt black background during daylight
and red illuminated during the hours of darkness. The luminous yellow lubber
line facilitates exact reading.

1.1.3

Power Supply
The repeater compasses are provided with power and heading information from
the Electronic Power and Control Unit (EPCU) of the NAVIGAT X or NAVIGAT XII
gyrocompass systems. In addition to, or as an alternative for a gyrocompass
system, the repeater compasses may also be used with a transmitting magnetic
compass system.
The heading signal in a C.PLATH, NMEA or Lehmkuhl format is received by the
repeater through an RS 422 interface. The LED card illumination is provided with
24 VDC.

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1.2

Technical Description

1.2.1

Standard Compass Card Assembly


The main element common to all repeater compasses is the standard compass
card assembly. In contains a 360 compass card (only the steering repeater has
an additional 10 card), a step motor, a gear train, LED illumination, three terminal
blocks, a microcontroller, an EPROM, an EEPROM, two dip switch blocks, a
7-segment LED display for trouble shooting and several red and green indicator
LEDs.
The robust printed circuit board mounts not only the electronic components but
also the gear train and the step motor. The three hard-wearing plastic gearwheels which make up the gear train run on bronze shafts and bushes.
Red LEDs provide full compass card illumination.
The compass cards are graduated as follows:
Bearing repeater compass
360 card:
one graduation mark per 1
figured every 10, and figured every 5 with very
small, mirror image numbers for use with a bearing
device.
360 compass card illumination.
Steering repeater compass
360 card:
one graduation mark per 5 and figured every 10
10 card:
one graduation mark per 0.5
figured every full degree.
Compass card illuminated 60 each side of lubber
line.
Bulkhead repeater / Console repeater
360 card:
one graduation mark per 1 and figured every 10
Compass card illuminated 60 each side of lubber
line.
All repeater compasses are supplied with a prefabricated connection cable.

1.2.2

Housing, Bulkhead Repeater Compass


The bulkhead repeater compass is supplied in a rectangular, galvanized and black
enamelled steel housing. Three attachment feet are provided. The housing also
mounts a dimmer, a synchronization switch, a ground terminal and a cable gland.
The bulkhead repeater compass is watertight to IP64.

1.2.3

Housing, Bearing Repeater Compass


The bearing repeaters are produced in a pressed stainless steel housing with a
weight in the lower part. Two plastic bushes in the upper part of the housing accept
the trunnion journals of the gimbal ring in the bearing stand or bulwark console.
The bearing repeater can be attached to the gimbal ring at 000 or 90.
Various bearing devices may used on this bearing repeater.

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1.2.4

Console Repeater Compass and Steering Repeater Compass for Console


Mounting
Format and design of the console repeaters are fully compatible with the
C.PLATH "Equipment Family" - a comprehensive range of standardized bridge
equipment having front plate dimensions to DIN 43718. The main supportive part
is the front plate. The entire compass card is visible through a circular window in
the square front plate. A dimmer and a synchronisation switch are located to the
right and left below the compass card.

1.2.5

Bearing Stand
The bearing stand is manufactured from an electrostatic powder coated aluminium alloy and comprise one single part. A horizontal circular handle is
provided at the top of the stand, above which two bearing supports are attached.
These accept the gimbal ring in which the bearing repeater is suspended. An
aluminium connection box with cable glands, dimmer and a synchronisation
switch is attached to the lower half of the stand. Here, the repeater is connected
to the gyrocompass system. A watertight cover is provided to protect the stand
and the repeater from the effects of the weather.

1.2.6

Bulwark Console
The bulwark console is an aluminium construction and is provided with four holes
for attachment to a bulwark console. A gimbal ring is attached to two bearing
supports. Fixed to the side of the console is a connection box with cable glands, a
dimmer and a synchronisation switch. Here, the repeater is junctioned to the
gyrocompass system.

1.2.7

Bearing Devices
A selection of bearing devices, ranging from the conventional sight model to the
telescopic type, is available for bearing repeaters. All bearing devices locate in the
bore in the center piece of the top glass and on the verge ring, allowing bearings
to be taken in relation to north and the ship's head.

1.2.8

Functional Description
The angular information received through the serial interface is processed in an
8 bit microcontroller and passed to the step motor control logic. In order to ensure
that the value displayed by the repeater is also the value received, the mechanical
position of the compass card is monitored by a photoelectric cell every 10 and at
the 000 position. If the mechanical position does not coincide with the computed
value, the microcontroller will correct the error. If the values are not within reasonable limits, a failure alarm is actuated. If a repeater is switched off or a power
failure occurs, the last angular information is stored in an EEPROM to maintain
synchronisation when power is restored. Synchronisation can also be forced by
means of a switch. Here, the compass card is brought to the 000 position regardless of the current angular information. When 000 has been found, the compass
card returns to the value of the angular information currently received.

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1.3

Technical Data
Unless otherwise specified, the following data are effective for all repeater compasses.

1.3.1

Operational Data
Accuracy

max. error between input signal and display


0.5 at 20/sec.
Maximum rate of turn
25sec.
Environmental requirements in accordance with IEC 945
Equipment class X for equipment subjected to the effects of the weather.
Equipment class B for equipment not subjected to the effects of the weather.
Temperature range
operational
-25C to +70C (X) -15C to 55C (B)
non-operational
-40C to +80C (X & B)
Humidity
damp heat cycle IEC 945 /4.4.3
Vibration
5 Hz to 50 Hz to IEC 945 /4.4.7
Immunity to conducted audio
50 Hz to 10 kHz to IEC 945 /A3
frequencies
10 kHz to 50 MHz to IEC 945 /A5
Immunity to conducted audio frequencies is not
specified for DC appliances.
Test with power supply/rectifier and capacitor
to IEC 945 /A7.
Conducted interference
10 kHz to 30 MHz IEC 945 /4.5.3
Radiated interference
30 MHz to 300 MHz IEC 945 /4.5.4,
Acoustic noise
IEC 945/4.5.7 <65 dB(a) at a distance of 1m
Magnetic clearance
1.2 m
Protection grade
Bearing repeater compass
Bulkhead repeater compass
IP64
Console repeater compass
Steering repeater compass for console installation

1.3.2

Mechanical Data
Compass card diameter

360 card: 172 mm


10 card: 135 mm
For dimensions and weights, refer to the drawings in the final section of this
manual.

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NAVIGATION .

1.3.3

AUTOMATION

Electrical Data
Maximum current consumption
Power requirements
Illumination
Steering and bearing repeaters
Bulkhead and console repeaters
Illumination "Sync." switch
Drive
Length of connecting cable

056261

570 mA
18 VDC to 36 VDC
red, 16 or 4 LEDs, 24 VDC
360 illumination
60 illumination each side of the lubber line
red, 1 LED 24 VDC
step motor 18 VDC to 36 VDC,
300 microsteps / 1 Azimuth
approx. 3 m. Bearing repeater only 1.2 m.

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THIS PAGE LEFT BLANK

Page 1-06

056261

NAVIGATION .

2.

AUTOMATION

056261

OPERATION
During normal operational conditions the repeater compasses require no
operation. The repeater compasses are self-aligning and consequently do
not require synchronization after switch-on or as a result of an interim power
failure.
3

1
7

8
6

Item.

Purpose

1.
2.
3.

360 compass card


10 compass card
Lubber line

indicate vessel's heading (10 card in steering repeater only).

4.

Dimmer

regulates the intensity of the compass card illumination.

5.

Synchronization switch

when pressed, starts synchronization procedure.


indicates alarm conditions.

6.

Connection box for


bearing repeater

for connection of bearing repeater to gyrocompass.

7.

Dimmer for bearing


repeater

regulates the intensity of the bearing repeater compass card


illumination.

8.

Synchronization switch
for bearing repeater

when pressed, starts synchronization procedure.


indicates alarm conditions.

Figure 2-01

Page 2-01

NAVIGATION .

2.1

AUTOMATION

056261

Synchronization Switch and Alarm Conditions


The synchronization switch (fig. 2-01, items 5,8) gives light signals to indicate
alarm conditions. These are:
Light signal

Cause

Correction

Continuous

Fatal Error

Continuous with short


breaks

Compass card rotates in search


function after switch-on or during synchronization

Alternately on and off


for equal periods

Repeater is not synchronized Synchronize: press "Sync." switch


for 5 sec.

Short flashes

Interface error

Continuous with short breaks

dark
0.1 sec

2.2

See trouble shooting

Alternately on and off


for equal periods

light

1 sec

See Trouble Shooting

0.5 sec

Short flashes
1 sec

0.5 sec
0.1 sec

Synchronization of Repeater Compasses


After switch-on, the repeater compasses synchronize automatically with the
master compass. For the duration of this procedure the "Sync." switch will
illuminate continuously in red with short breaks.
Alternate flashing on and off for equal periods of the "Sync." switch indicates that
the repeater in no longer synchronized with the master compass.
Press and hold for 5 seconds the "Sync." switch to synchronize the repeater with
the master compass. The compass card(s) will turn to the 000 position where it
(they) will remain for 2 seconds. The compass card(s) will then return to the
heading shown by the master compass. The synchronization procedure is now
complete.
If the repeater compass cannot be synchronized with the master compass, the
repeater will rotate the card(s) clockwise at maximum speed for up to 55 seconds.
The repeater will then switch back to master compass operation without
having synchronized. The "Sync." switch will flash alternately on and off for equal
periods to indicate this fault.

Page 2-02

NAVIGATION .

AUTOMATION

056261

3.

INSTALLATION AND INITIALIZATION

3.1

Before Installation
Located inside each repeater compass below the compass card(s) on the
PCB are two blocks of 8 dip switches. These dip switches are factory set to the
C.PLATH protocol format and to a time delay of 20 ms. The settings of these dip
switches are only to be changed when specified in the system connection diagram
supplied by C.PLATH.

3.2

Setting Dip Switches


1. In order to gain access to the dip switches, the repeater compass is to be opened
in accordance with the following instructions.
a) Bulkhead repeater, console repeater, steering repeater (see fig. 3-01)
1. Unscrew and remove the four screws (socket head 3 mm AF) and washers
(1) attaching the front plate. Lift out the repeater from its housing or console.
Do not allow the seal (when fitted) to fall to the ground.
NOTE: For repeaters in a C.PLATH "Equipment Family" frame open the
console. At the rear of the repeater loosen but do not remove the screws (2)
retaining the clamps (3). Turn the clamps (3) to one side and remove the
repeater from its frame.
2. Set the dip switches as specified in the system connection diagram.
3. Fit the repeater with seal (when fitted) in its housing, console or frame.
Secure in place with the attaching screws and washers.
NOTE: For repeaters in C.PLATH "Equipment Family" frames, turn the
clamps (3) into the clamping position and tighten the retaining screws (2).

3
2

Figure 3-01

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056261

b) Bearing Repeater Compass (see fig. 3-02)


1. Unscrew and remove the 8 nuts (5.5 mm AF) and washers (1) retaining
the verge ring (2).
2. Mark the position of the verge ring (2) on the housing (4) for later
attachment.
3. Remove the verge ring (2) complete with the compass card assembly
from the housing. Do not let the seal (3) fall to the ground.
4. Set the dip switches as specified in the system connection diagram.
5. Using the reference marking made during removal, fit the compass card
assembly with verge ring (2) into the housing. Ensure that the seal (3) is
correctly positioned between the housing and the verge ring.
6. Screw on and tighten the 8 retaining nuts (5.5 mm AF) and washers (1).

2
3
1

Seite 3-02

Abbildung 3-02

NAVIGATION .

3.3

AUTOMATION

056261

Dip Switch Information


Dip Switch Block S1
S1-1 delay
S1-2 delay
S1-3 delay
S1-4 delay

time
time
time
time

Dip Switch Block S2


bit 0 (LSB)
bit 1
bit 2
bit 3 (MSB)

S2-1 display mode


S2-2 display mode
S2-3 display mode
S2-4 not connected

S1-5 repeater
S1-6 repeater
S1-7 repeater
S1-8 repeater

3.3.1

address
address
address
address

bit 0 (LSB)
bit 1
bit 2
bit 3 (MSB)

S2-5 ON: heading plus 180


S2-6 serial mode
S2-7 serial mode
S2-8 ON: forced synchronization
by every reset of the
microcontroller.

Delay Time
The delay in serial data transmission is taken into account by the software
program in the repeater compasses. In this way, lag error caused by slow data
transmission is avoided.
Delay time can be set in units of 20 milliseconds according to the following table.
S1-4
MSB
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

S1-3

S1-2

0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1

0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1

S1-1
LSB
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1

decimal
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

milliseconds
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300

C.PLATH recommends the following settings:


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056261

Gyrocompass systems NAVIGAT X and XII

Multiple heading reference


monitor NAVITWIN II

S1-1
S1-2
S1-3
S1-4

ON
OFF
OFF
OFF

20 ms

S1-1
S1-2
S1-3
S1-4

ON
ON
ON
OFF

140 ms

}
}

3.3.2

Repeater Compass Address


With the four dip switches S1-5 through S1-8 it is possible to set an individual
address for each repeater compass. However, in a normal system configuration these dip switches remain in the OFF position.

3.3.3

Formats of the Serial Interface


Format

C.PLATH

NMEA 0183

Lehmkuhl

Mode
S2-6
S2-7
CP/NMEA
bridge

0
OFF
OFF
open

not required*
not required*
closed

1
ON
OFF
open

* When the CP/NMEA bridge is closed,


S2-6 and S2-7 are ineffective.

Display Mode
Mode

NAVIPILOT
V & ADII
2
OFF
ON
open

S2-1 S2-2 S2-3

Repeater Compass Displays

OFF OFF OFF Heading from


gyrocompass

Heading from
gyrocompass*

1200 bps

Heading from
gyrocompass

ON

Heading from
magn. compass*

2400 bps

Heading from
magn. compass

OFF ON

OFF Rate of turn

Rate of turn

4800 bps

spare

ON

OFF Roll

spare

9600 bps

spare

OFF OFF ON

Pitch

spare

spare

spare

ON

Heading from
gyrocompass
or magnetic
compass

spare

spare

spare

OFF ON

ON

spare

Heading from
gyrocompass**

spare

spare

ON

ON

spare

Heading
spare
magn. compass**

spare

Page 3-04

OFF OFF Heading from


magn. compass

ON

OFF ON

ON

not
used
3
ON
ON
open

NAVIGATION .

NOTE:

AUTOMATION

056261

* When a repeater compass is connected to interface 7 on NAVITWIN II


and display mode 0 or 1 is selected, the repeater will indicate the
heading shown on NAVITWIN II (from a gyrocompass or a magnetic
compass).
** When a repeater compass is connected to interface 7 on NAVITWIN II
and display mode 6 or 7 is selected, the repeater will indicate the
heading (from a gyrocompass or a magnetic compass) selected as
the display mode regardless of the heading shown on NAVITWIN II.
(the NSD sentence is not taken into account.)
Spare Switch Positions
When dip switches are set to a non-specified combination for display
mode and interface format, the error code OFF will be shown on the
7-segement display.
Lehmkuhl -Format
With the Lehmkuhl format only heading is displayed.
This format (LR22 or LR40 / LR60) is recognized automatically.
The baud rate for this serial interface is set as the display mode, see
3.3.3.
NMEA 0183
The following sentences are processed:
{ } substitute
[ ] optional
Display Mode
0

HDT {HDG}
[ROT]
[NSD]

HDM {HDG}
[ROT]
[NSD]

ROT
[HDT {HDG} {HDM}]

HDT {HDG}
[ROT]

HDM {HDG}
[ROT]

Page 3-05

NAVIGATION .

3.3.4

AUTOMATION

Positions for Dip Switches S1& S2 in Combination with other Equipment


NAVIGAT X & XII

S2

056261

C.PLATH
Format

NAVITWIN II

NMEA
Format

Interface 6*
(C.PLATH)

Interface 7
(NMEA)

Lehmkuhl Format

NAVIPILOT

1200 2400 4800 9600

V & ADII
Magn. compass repeater

OFF

OFF

ON

OFF

OFF ON

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF OFF ON

OFF

OFF

ON

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

ON

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

ON

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

ON

ON

ON

ON

ON

ON

OFF

OFF

ON

ON

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

ON

OFF

ON

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

CP/NMEA
Bridge

Open

Closed

Open

Closed

Open

Open

OFF ON
ON

ON
OFF

S1

*NAVITWIN II with bypass switch (Emergency Heading Selector Switch) only on Interface 6.

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3.4

AUTOMATION

056261

Installation
Information regarding space required, attachment points and cable glands is
given in the dimension drawings and wiring diagrams as listed below and
contained in the final section of this manual.

Repeater type

Dimension drawing

Wiring diagram

Bearing repeater in
bearing stand

4881-0112-02
4662-0112-02

4881-0115-03

Bearing repeater in
bulwark console

4881-0112-02
4890-0112-01

4881-0115-03

Connection box for


bearing repeater

4884-0112-01

4884-0115-01

Bulkhead repeater

4881-0112-03

4881-0115-04

Steering repeater

4881-0112-01

4881-0115-02

Console repeater

4881-0112-01

4881-0115-01

The following points are to be taken into consideration when selecting a


location:
the ambient temperature
magnetic clearance
the protection grade
refer to the technical data in section 1.3.
Ensure that the system is deenergized before connecting repeater compasses.
All repeater compasses are supplied with a prefabricated cable which is to be
connected in accordance with the system connection diagram as supplied by
C.PLATH.
3.4.1

Installation of the Bearing Stand and Bearing Repeater (see fig. 3-03)
The bearing stand is to be attached to the deck by means of four M16 bolts.
The bearing stand may be positioned amidships, port or starboard. Care is to
be taken that the bearing stand is positioned so that the horizon is not unduly
obstructed by the superstructure of the vessel when bearings are taken. All
dimensions and electrical information is contained in the drawings and
diagrams specified in section 3.4.
Page 3-07

NAVIGATION .

1.

2.
3.
4.
5.

6.

7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

13.
14.
15.

16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
Page 3-08

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056261

Prepare the place of location for installation.


a) Weld four M16 bolts on their heads to the deck.
To ensure the accuracy of the bearing repeater in later use, the bolts must
be positioned exactly parallel to the vessel's longitudinal axis.
b) Weld a cable inlet pipe 30 x 3 mm to the deck and cut an inlet hole for the
cables.
c) Lay the connecting cables.
Place the bearing stand over the attachment bolts.
Fit the washers and screw on the retaining nuts but do not tighten them.
Loosen the lock-nut (24 mm AF) securing one of the trunnion journals in the
gimbal ring.
Screw back the trunnion journal (8 mm key) by approximately 2 cm.
CAUTION: The weight of the bearing repeater is 5.1 kg. When
required, the following two assembly operations are to be
carried out by two persons.
Lift the bearing repeater into the gimbal ring so that the lubber line points to
the ship's head and locate the fixed trunnion journal in the bush in the
repeater.
Turn the loosened trunnion journal clockwise into the opposite bush so that
the repeater is secured without play in the gimbal ring.
Check that the bearing repeater is positioned concentrically with the gimbal
ring. When necessary, adjust the trunnion journals to effect concentricity.
Tighten the trunnion journal lock-nuts.
Fit an azimuth device to one of the bearing repeaters.
Place a pin in the hole of the center piece of the opposite bearing repeater
compass.
Using the azimuth device, take a bearing across the open bridge on the pin
in the opposite bearing repeater compass. The bearing taken is to be 90 (or
accordingly 270).
NOTE: If it is not possible to take a bearing across the open bridge, carry out
steps 13, 14 and 15 instead of steps 11 and 12.
Determine the distance between the longitudinal center line of the vessel and
the center point of the bearing repeater.
Position as far away as practically possible a beam with a perpendicular
reference marking, see fig. 3-03.
Take a bearing on the perpendicular reference marking through the azimuth
device. The bearing taken is to be 360 towards the ship's head or 180
astern.
If the bearing taken is not 360 or 180, turn the bearing stand to obtain
these values.
Tighten the nuts securing the bearing stand.
Unscrew the screws attaching the cover to the connection box and remove
the cover.
Insert the cables from the bearing repeater and the gyrocompass system
through the cable glands into the connection box.
Connect both cables to the terminal block in the connection box in
accordance with the system connection diagram.

NAVIGATION .

AUTOMATION

056261

21. Tighten the cable glands.


22. Fit the cover to the connection box and secure it with the attachment screws.
23. As described above, align and connect all bearing repeater compasses.

1
2

Bearing repeater compass


Marking

Alignment of Bearing Repeaters


Figure 3-03

Page 3-09

NAVIGATION .

3.4.2

056261

Installation of the Bulwark Console and Bearing Repeater


The bulwark console is intended for attachment to a bulwark behind the
windshield on the wing of a bridge. Care is to be taken that the bulwark console is
positioned so that the horizon is not unduly obstructed by the superstructure of the
vessel when bearings are taken.
1.
2.
3.
4.

5.

6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

13.

14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.

Page 3-10

AUTOMATION

Weld four M10 bolts to the bulwark at the place of location for the bulwark
console. Refer to the dimension drawing in the final section of this manual.
Fit the bulwark console to the attachment bolts and secure with lock washers
and nuts.
Loosen the lock-nut (24 mm AF) securing one of the trunnion journals in the
gimbal ring.
Screw back the trunnion journal (8 mm key) by approximately 2 cm.
CAUTION: The weight of the bearing repeater is 5.1 kg. When
required, the following two assembly operations are to be
carried out by two persons.
Lift the bearing repeater into the gimbal ring so that the lubber line points to
the ship's head and locate the fixed trunnion journal in the bush in the
repeater.
Turn the loosened trunnion journal clockwise into the opposite bush so that
the repeater is secured without play in the gimbal ring.
Check that the bearing repeater is positioned concentrically with the gimbal
ring. When necessary, adjust the trunnion journals to effect concentricity.
Tighten the trunnion journal lock-nuts.
Fit an azimuth device to the bearing repeater.
Determine the distance between the longitudinal center line of the vessel and
the center point of the bearing repeater.
Position as far away as practically possible a beam with a perpendicular
reference marking, see fig. 3-03.
Take a bearing on the perpendicular reference marking through the azimuth
device. The bearing taken is to be 360 towards the ship's head or 180
astern.
CAUTION: Together, the bearing repeater and the bulwark console
weigh 10.3 kg. When required, this step is to be carried
out by two persons.
If the bearing taken is not 360 or 180, fit spacers between the console and
the bulwark to obtain these values.
Unscrew the screws attaching the cover to the connection box and remove
the cover.
Insert the cables from the bearing repeater and the gyrocompass system
through the cable glands into the connection box.
Connect both cables to the terminal block in the connection box in
accordance with the system connection diagram.
Tighten the cable glands.
Fit the cover to the connection box and secure it with the attachment screws.
As described above, align and connect all bearing repeater compasses.

NAVIGATION .

3.4.3

AUTOMATION

056261

Installation of the Bulkhead Repeater Compass


The bulkhead repeater compass is attached by means of screws to a bulkhead or
wall. For this purpose the repeater is fitted with three attachment feet each drilled
to 7 mm diameter. All dimensions and the location of attachment holes are contained in the dimension drawing.
1. Weld three M6 bolts to the bulkhead or, alternatively, drill three holes in the
bulkhead enabling the bolts to be inserted from the opposite side.
2. Fit the bulkhead repeater over the attachment bolts and secure it with lock
washers and M6 nuts.
3. Connect the prefabricated connection cable in accordance with the system
connection diagram.

3.4.4

Installation of the Console Repeater Compass (see fig. 3-04)


The console repeater is always supplied with four attachment columns (1) for
installation in a C.PLATH "Equipment Family" frame. If the repeater is not to be
installed in an "Equipment Family" frame but directly in a bridge console, the
attachment columns (1) must be removed beforehand. A seal is provided for
watertight installation.
1. Unscrew the four retaining screws (2) and remove them together with the
attachment columns (1).
2. Cut an opening in the bridge console as shown in the dimension drawing for
installation of the console repeater.
3. Drill and tap four M4 holes for attachment of the repeater as shown in the
dimension drawing.
4. Fit the seal when it is required) to the back of the repeater and fit it into the
opening in the console.
5. Using the screws and washers (2) removed in step 1, secure the repeater to the
bridge console.
6. Connect the prefabricated connection cable in accordance with the system
connection diagram.
2

Figure 3-04

Page 3-11

NAVIGATION .

3.5

AUTOMATION

056261

Switch-on
The repeater compasses are switched on together with the gyrocompass system.
After switch-on the repeater compasses synchronize automatically with the master
compass. The "Sync." switch illuminates continuously in red with short breaks for
the length of the synchronization procedure.
Alternate flashing on and off for equal periods of the "Sync." switch indicates that
the repeater in no longer synchronized with the master compass.
Press and hold for 5 seconds the "Sync." switch to synchronize the repeater with
the master compass. The compass card(s) will turn to the 000 position where it
(they) will remain for 2 seconds. The compass card(s) will then return to the
heading shown by the master compass. The synchronization procedure is now
complete.
If the repeater compass cannot be synchronized with the master compass, the
repeater will rotate the card(s) clockwise at maximum speed for up to 55 seconds.
The repeater will then switch back to master compass operation without
having synchronized. The "Sync." switch will flash alternately on and off for equal
periods to indicate this fault.

3.6

Trouble Shooting
Information on suspected faults in the function of the repeater compasses is given
by the "Sync." switch on the front plate of the repeaters and in the connection box
of bearing repeaters as well as several LEDs and a 7-segment display inside the
repeaters. To view the LEDs and the 7-segement display it is necessary to remove the associated repeater from its housing, see 3.2.

3.6.1

The "Sync." Switch

Page 3-12

Light signal

Cause

Continuous

Fatal Error

Correction
See error code no. on 7-segment
display and compare with error code
list.

Continuous with short


breaks

Compass card rotates in search


function after switch-on or during synchronization.

Alternately on and off


for equal periods

Repeater is not synchronized. Synchronize: press "Sync." switch


for 5 seconds.
See also 3.6.2.

Short flashes

Interface error

See error code no. on 7-segment


display and compare with error code
list.

NAVIGATION .

AUTOMATION

Continuous with short breaks


1 sec

056261

Alternately on and off


for equal periods

light

0.5 sec

Short flashes
1 sec

dark
0.5 sec
0.1 sec

0.1 sec

3.6.2

Repeater Compasses cannot be Synchronized with the Master Compass


If the repeater compass cannot be synchronized with the master compass, the
repeater will rotate the card(s) clockwise at maximum speed for up to 55 seconds.
The repeater will then switch back to master compass operation without
having synchronized. The "Sync." switch will flash alternately on and off for equal
periods to indicate this fault; read the error code number on the 7-segment display
and refer to the error code list.

3.6.3

The LEDs and the 7-Segment Display (see fig. 3-05)


Located on the standard compass card assembly are a 7-segment display and 8
LEDs. By displaying hexadecimal numbers, the 7-segment display provides error
codes and information on dip switch positions and operational status.
The LEDs illuminate to indicate the presence of various voltages and other functions required for normal operation.

Page 3-13

NAVIGATION .

Fig.

Item

3-05

Page 3-14

AUTOMATION

056261

Description

Purpose

IC13, 7-segment display

by displaying numbers, provides error codes


and information on dip switch positions and
operational status.

CR3, LED, red

illuminates when the max. operational


temperature has been exceeded and the
power supply switched off.

CR27, LED, green

illuminates when the internal voltage +12 V


is present.

CR25, LED, red

illuminates when the input voltage exceeds


48 V DC and has been switched off.

CR28, LED, green

illuminates when the +24 V input voltage


is present.

CR30, LED, green

illuminates when +5 V is present.

CR37, LED, green

illuminates when -5 V is present.

CR33, LED, green

illuminates when the 10 photoelectric cell


has been actuated.

CR34, LED, green

illuminates when the 360 photoelectric cell


has been actuated.

10

CR35, 4 LEDs, red

illuminate alternately when the four step


motor voltages are present.

11

Dip switch block S1

see 3.3.

12

Dip switch block S2

see 3.3.

13

Bridge BR1

none.

NAVIGATION .

AUTOMATION

056261

2
3

4
5
13

6
12

7
8
9
11
10

Standard Compass Card Assembly PCB, Component Side


Figure 3-05
Page 3-15

NAVIGATION .

3.6.4

AUTOMATION

0562561

Error Codes
Error codes in the form of two digit hexadecimal numbers are shown on a
7-segment display. Since there is only one 7-segment display, the two digits of
each code are shown consecutively.
When more than one error code is present, the code numbers are displayed in an
ascending sequence.
Display of digits: 0.5 sec.
Interval between digits: 0.1 sec.
Interval between error codes: 1.0 sec.
The 16 hexadecimal digits are: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A b C d E F and allow error
codes over a range of 00 to FF.
The numbers are displayed reading from left to right. Example: error code 27
(twenty-seven) first the "2" then the "7".
Orientation is arranged so that the edge of the PCB is the bottom of the display.
An exception is when all dip switches are set to ON or OFF. A display of two digit
error codes is no longer shown and a single "0" is displayed ten times when all dip
switches are set to ON. When all dip switches are set to OFF, a single "1" is
displayed ten times. The numbers are displayed for 0.5 sec. Interval is 0.5 sec.
The error codes are divided into three groups:
F = Fault
W = Warning
H = General information
Errors and warnings are displayed as long as the cause remains unresolved.
General information is normally given when a change in the current operational
status occurs or when the positions of the dip switches are changed. The
associated code is displayed five times. Example: when the external NMEA bridge
is closed, the code "db" is displayed five times. Because in this example the
format of the serial interface NMEA 0183 is concerned, the following will also be
displayed: "80" = NMEA format on (5 times)
"84" = baud rate 4500 (5 times)

During normal operation (i.e. without faults) the following error codes in accordance with the selected interface format will be displayed:
C.PLATH format:
NMEA 0183:
Lehmkuhl:

Page 3-16

00
Codes of sentences recognized e.g. NAVIGAT X/XIIHDT + ROT):
20 70
92 or 94

NAVIGATION .

Error
Code
(Hex) Type

AUTOMATION

Cause

00
01

H
F

no error
internal RAM test error

02

external RAM test error

03
04
05
06
07
08
09
0A
0b

F
F
F
F
F
H
W
H
H

0C

EPROM checksum error


360 photoelectric cell failure
10 photoelectric cell failure
angle at 360 photoelectric cell false
angle at 10 photoelectric cell false
reset of the controller
EEPROM data checksum error
power supply failed
revision of EEPROM varies from
revision of EPROM
no data from serial interface

0d

0E
0F

F
F

10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19

W
H
H
H
H
H
H
F
H
H

1A

1b
1C
1d
1E
1F

W
F
F
H
H

0562561

Correction
------switch repeater off and on. If fault is still
present, replace microcontroller (IC3).
switch repeater off and on. If fault is still
present, replace external RAM (IC14).
replace EPROM (IC 12).
replace repeater.
replace repeater.
synchronize.
synchronize.
-------repeater is synchronized automatically.
--------

repeater is synchronized automatically.


check polarity of RXD / RXDN,
check data source (compass).
unusable data from serial interface
check S2-1 thru S2-3, S2-6 and S2-7 and
external NMEA bridge.
check data source (compass).
angle not synchronized
synchronize.
invalid switch combination
CHECK S2-1 thru S2-3, S2-6 and S2-7 and
(format of serial interface, display mode) external NMEA bridge.
index/actual difference (angle) too large - - - - - - - synchronizing phase 1
-------synchronizing phase 2
-------synchronizing phase 3
-------synchronizing phase 4
-------synchronizing phase 5
-------synchronizing phase 6
-------angle serial timeout
check interface.
primary angle from interface timeout
-------rate of turn is accepted by the
-------serial interface
rate of turn is calculated in the
-------repeater (from change in angle)
runaway in angle
-------write error in EEPROM (byte-wise)
replace EEPROM.
write error in EEPROM (block-wise)
replace EEPROM
Sync. is pressed
-------dip switch S2-8 switched to on
--------

NMEA 0183 HDT sentence:


20
H
NMEA HDT recognized
21
F
NMEA HDT: checksum error
22
F
NMEA HDT: field missing
23
W
NMEA HDT: empty field
24
F
NMEA HDT: internal error
25
W
NMEA HDT: invalid heading
(not T)

-------check interface / data source


check interface / data source
check interface / data source
-------check interface / data source

Page 3-17

NAVIGATION .

NMEA 0183 HDM sentence:


30
H
NMEA HDM recognized
31
F
NMEA HDM: checksum error
32
F
NMEA HDM: field missing
33
W
NMEA HDM: empty field
34
F
NMEA HDM: internal error
35
W
NMEA HDM: invalid heading
(not M)

Page 3-18

0562561

AUTOMATION

-------check interface / data source


check interface / data source
check interface / data source
-------check interface / data source

NMEA 0183 NSD sentence:


39
H
NMEA NSD recognized
3A
F
NMEA NSD: checksum error
3b
F
NMEA NSD: field missing
3C
H
NMEA NSD: empty field
3d
F
NMEA NSD: internal error
3E
H
NMEA NSD: heading gyro
3F
H
NMEA NSD: heading magnetic

-------check interface / data source


check interface / data source
-----------------------------

NMEA 0183 HDG sentence:


40
H
NMEA HDG recognized
41
F
NMEA HDG: checksum error
42
H
NMEA HDG: type: mag. sensor heading
43
H
NMEA HDG: type: magnetic heading
44
H
NMEA HDG: type: true heading
45
F
magnetic sensor heading: field missing
46
W
magnetic sensor heading: empty field
47
F
magnetic sensor heading: internal error

-------check interface / data source


---------------------check interface / data source.
---------------

55
56
57
58
59
5A

F
H
F
F
H
F

deviation: field missing


deviation: empty field
deviation: internal error
deviation sign (E or W): field missing
deviation sign (E or W): empty field
deviation sign (E or W): neither E or W

check interface / data source.


--------------check interface / data source.
-------check interface / data source.

65
66
67
68
69
6A

F
H
F
F
H
F

variation: field missing


variation: empty field
variation: internal error
variation sign (E or W): field missing
variation sign (E or W): empty field
variation sign (E or W): neither E or W

check interface / data source.


--------------check interface / data source.
-------check interface / data source.

NAVIGATION .

0562561

AUTOMATION

NMEA 0183 ROT sentence:


70
H
NMEA ROT recognized
71
F
NMEA ROT: checksum error
72
F
NMEA ROT status: field missing
73
H
NMEA ROT status: empty field
74
H
NMEA ROT status: invalid
75
F
NMEA ROT number: field missing
76
H
NMEA ROT number: empty field
77
F
NMEA ROT number: internal error

-------check interface / data source.


check interface / data source.
check interface / data source.
-------check interface / data source.
-------check interface / data source.

80
81
82

H
H
H

NMEA format selected


baud rate 1200
baud rate 2400

----------------- -----

84

baud rate 4800

--------

89

baud rate 9600

--------

Lehmkuhl repeater format (LR22 / LR40 / LR60) :


90
H
Lehmkuhl format not selected
(serial mode = 1)

--------

92

LR 22 format recognized

--------

94
95
96
97

H
F
H
F

LR 40/60 format recognized


digit address false
alarm status set (LR40/60)
mode control bits not 0 in digit byte

-------check interface / data source.


-------check interface / data source.

C.PLATH format:
A0
H
C.PLATH format selected
(serial mode = 0)
A1
F
checksum error
A2
H
general device error bit set

-------check interface / data source.


--------

NAVIPILOT V/AD II remote format:


b0
H
NAVIPILOT format selected
(serial mode = 2)
b1
F
NAVIPILOT checksum error
b2
H
NAVIPILOT value invalid

check interface / data source.


--------

Serial mode 3 format:


C0
H
serial mode 3 selected

--------

d0
d1
d2
d3
d4
d5
d6
d7

---------------------------------------------------------

H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H

display mode 0 selected


display mode 1 selected
display mode 2 selected
display mode 3 selected
display mode 4 selected
display mode 5 selected
display mode 6 selected
display mode 7 selected

--------

Page 3-19

NAVIGATION .

Page 3-20

056261

AUTOMATION

dA
db
dC
dd
dE
dF

H
H
W
W
W
H

yaw test on
external NMEA bridge closed
internal error
internal error
internal error
heading + 180 selected

press "Sync." switch to stop test.


------------------------------------

E0
E1
E2
E3
E4
E5
E6
E7
E8
E9
EA
Eb
EC
Ed
EE
EF

H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H

repeater address = 0
repeater address = 1
repeater address = 2
repeater address = 3
repeater address = 4
repeater address = 5
repeater address = 6
repeater address = 7
repeater address = 8
repeater address = 9
repeater address = a
repeater address = b
repeater address = c
repeater address = d
repeater address = e
repeater address = f

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
F7
F8
F9
FA
Fb
FC
Fd
FE
FF

H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H

delay =
delay =
delay =
delay =
delay =
delay =
delay =
delay =
delay =
delay =
delay =
delay =
delay =
delay =
delay =
delay =

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

0 ms
20 ms
40 ms
60 ms
80 ms
100 ms
120 ms
140 ms
160 ms
180 ms
200 ms
220 ms
240 ms
260 ms
280 ms
300 ms

NAVIGATION .

4.

AUTOMATION

056261

MAINTENANCE
The repeater compasses require no maintenance.

Page 4-01

NAVIGATION .

AUTOMATION

THIS PAGE LEFT BLANK

Page 4-02