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Feedback and Controls System Questions

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Feedback and Controls System Questions

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1.

controlled output is known as a

A. Signal

C. Stimulus

B. Feedback

D. Gain Control

2.

in the controlled variable is mechanical position or a

time derivative of position such as velocity or

acceleration, is called

A. Servomechanism

C. Timer

B. Regulator

D. Automation

3.

A. Power amplifier

B. Error actuated signal

C. Mechanical output

D. All of the above

4.

A. Resistance

C. Inductance

B. Charge

D. Current

5.

A. Roots in right half of s-plane

B. Roots in left hand of s-plane

C. Roots in right half of s-plane and/or roots on

imaginary axis

D. Roots in left half of s-plane and/or roots on

imaginary axis

6.

7.

8.

open loop control system?

A. Less expensive

B. Generally free from problems of non-linearities

C. Input command is the sole factor responsible

for providing the control action

D. Presence of non-linearities causes malfunctioning

P s=

a/an

A. Stable system

B. Unstable system

C. Marginally stable system

D. None of these

9.

2 s+1

2

s + s+1

system is

A. Overdamped

C. Under damped

B. Critically damped

D. Unstable

13. The presence of feedback in a control system

A. Increases accuracy and reduces bandwidth

B. Reduces bandwidth and increases distortion

C. Increases effects of non-linearities and reduces

distortion

D. Reduces distortion and increases bandwidth

14. The servo systems with step acceleration input is a

A. Type 0 system

B. Type 1 system

C. Type 2 systems

D. Type 3 system

evaluating

A. Time constant

B. Feedback

C. Type of system

D. Output for a given input

D. Metadyne

denotes

A. Depends on the input signal

B. Depends on system variables

C. Depends on size of the system

D. Is independent of the output

A. To reduce steady state error

B. Faster response

C. Faster response and reduction in steady state

error

D. Faster response and larger settling time

11. Select the one that is an open loop control system?

A. Stroboscope

B. Field controlled dc motor

C. Ward Leonard control

system

A. Stable

C. Exponential

B. Damped

D. Unstable

16. Regulator can be categorized as

A. Type 0 system

B. Type 1 system

C. Type 2 systems

D. Type 3 system

17. A good control system have all the following

features EXCEPT

A. Good accuracy

B. Sufficient power handling capacity

C. Slow response

D. Good stability

18. The system response can be tested better with the

help of

A. Sinusoidal input signal

B. Unit impulse input signal

C. Ramp input signal

D. Exponentially decaying signal

19. A unity feedback control system with plant 1/s(s +

3) and proportional plus integral controller would

need how many state variables for a state model

description?

A. 1

C. 3

B. 2

D. 4

20. Under force-voltage analogy, velocity is analogous

to which of the following?

A. charge

C. inductance

B. capacitance

D. current

21. In force-current analogy, capacitance is analogous

to which of the following?

A. mass

C. displacement

B. velocity

D. momentum

22. One of the following methods can be used to

determine the relative stability of a control system

A. Routh stability criterion

B. Hurwitz stability criterion

C. Root-locus technique

D. none of these

23. Routh table was constructed from the characteristic

equation of a control system. The first column of the

table contained the following integers 1, 4, 5, 6, 13.

The system is

A. Stable

B. Unstable

C. Marginally stable

D. none of these

24. Which of the following best defines a transfer

function?

A. Ratio of system response to a system input

function

B. Ratio of system input function to system

response

C. Laplace transform of system response minus

the Laplace transform of the system input

function

D. Ratio of Laplace transform of system response

to the Laplace transform of the system input

function

25. Analysis of control system by Laplace transform

technique is NOT possible for which one of the

following?

A. Linear systems

B. Time-invariant systems

C. Discrete-time systems

D. unstable continuous-time systems

26. The equivalent transfer function of three

1

parallel

blocks

G1 ( s ) =

s+1

1

s+3

and G 3 ( s )=

.

G2 ( s ) =

s+ 4

s+5

s 3+10 s2 +34 s+37

A.

( s+1)(s +4 )(s +5)

s+3

B.

(s +1)(s +4)( s+ 5)

s

2

(

3+10 s + 34 s +37 )

C.

(s+1)(s +4 )(s +5)

(s+3)

D.

(s +1)(s +4)( s+ 5)

27. The

block

having

1

G1 ( s ) =

,

s+2

s+ 1

G 3 ( s )=

s+3

transfer

1

G2 ( s ) =

s+5

are

cascaded.

B.

C.

D.

28. For

The

negative

s+1

G ( s )=

s (s +2)

feedback

and

shown

s +3

H ( s )=

s+ 4

D.

G1 G2

1+ H 1 G1 G2 G3

G2 G3

1+ H 1 G1 G2 G3

G2 G3

B.

G1 (1+ H 1 G2 G3 )

G1 G2

G 1 (1+ H 1 G 2 G 3 )

A.

C.

D.

Fig. 2

Fig. 1

and

( s+2)(s+3)( s+5)

s+1

(s +2)(s +3)(s +5)

s

( 3+10 s 2+ 37 s+ 31)

(s+2)( s+3)( s+5)

(s +1)

(s +2)(s +3)(s +5)

a

C.

The transfer function for this system is

functions

A.

s (s+2)(s +3)

s 3+7 s 2+12 s +3

( s+1)(s+ 4)

3

s +7 s 2+12 s +3

s (s +2)( s+ 3)

B.

s 3+5 s2 + 4 s3

( s+1)(s +4 )

3

s +5 s2 +4 s3

A.

Fig. 4

C. Figure 3

D. Figure 4

Fig. 3

A. Figure 1

B. Figure 2

subjected to noise N(s). The noise transfer

function

A.

below,

B.

. The

C.

C N (s)

N (s )

is

G2

1+G1 G2 H

G2

1+G1 H

G2

1+G2 H

function for this system is

A.

B.

C.

D.

A.

B.

C.

D.

G1 G2

1+G1 G2 H 2 +G2 H 1

G1 G2

1+G1 G2+ H 1 H 2

G1 G2

1G 1 H 1G 2 H 2+ G1 G2 H 1 H 2

G 1 G2

1+G1 H 1+G 2 H 2 +G1 G2 H 1 H 2

below is

af + be + cd + abef + bcde

af + be + cd

af + be + cd + abef + abcdef

af + be + cd + cbef + bcde + abcdef

system below will be

G

G

(1+ H 1)(1+ H 2 )

G

B.

1+ H 2

G

1+ H 1 + H 2

A.

C.

D.

transfer function is

A. -2

B. 6

C. -6

D. 2

is equal to

A. 3.75

B. -3

C. 3

D. -3.75

feedback

(ufb)

system

is

G ( s )=

. For system

s 2+3

A. K > 1/54

C. 1/54 < K <

3/40

B. K < 3/40

D. unstable

A. s + 1

B. 2

C. s + 2

D. 1

forward path gain is reduced by 10% in each

system, then the variation in C1 and C2 will be

respectively

G ( s )=

A.

B.

C.

D.

1

. The system is

2

4 s (s +1)

2

stable

unstable

marginally stable

more information is required

is

A. 10% and 1%

B. 2% and 10%

C. 10% and 0%

D. 5% and 1%

sum of loop gain of non-touching loops is

A. t32t23 + t44

B. t23t32 + t34t43

C. t24t43t32 + t44

D. t23t32 + t34t43 +

t44

37. The sum of the gains of the feedback paths

in the signal flow graph below is

T ( s )=

s3 + 4 s 2 +8 s +16

s5 +3 s 4 +5 s2 + s+3

. The number

A. 3, 2

C. 1, 4

B. 2, 3

D. 4, 1

43. For a second order system settling time is T s

= 7 s and peak time is T p = 3 s. The location

of poles are

A. -0.97 j0.69

C. -1.047

j0.571

B. -0.69 j0.97

D. -0.571

j1.047

44. For a second order system overshoot = 10%

and peak time Tp = 5 s. The location of poles

are

A. -0.46 j0.63

C. -0.74 j0.92

B. -0.63 j0.46

D. -0.92 j0.74

and settling time = 0.6 s. The location of

poles are

A. -9.88 j6.67

C. -4.38 j6.46

B. -6.67 j9.88

D. -6.46 j4.38

should be

A. greater than 1

B. between 0 and 1

C. exactly equal to 1

D. exactly equal to 0

system is

G ( s )=

1000

. The

(1+0.1 s)(1+10 s)

A. 0, 1000, 0

C. 0, 0, 0

B. 1000, 0, 0

D. 0, 0, 1000

47. A system has a position error constant K p =

3. The steady state error for input of 8tu(t) is

A. 2.67

C. infinity

B. 2

D. 0

48. In the Bode-plot of a unity feedback control

system, the value of magnitude of G(j) at

the phase crossover frequency is . The gain

margin is

A. 2

C. 1/3

B. 1/2

D. 3

49. In the Bode-plot of a unity feedback control

system, the value of phase of G(j) at the

gain crossover frequency is -120o. The phase

margin of the system is

A. -120o

C. -60o

B. 60o

D. 120o

50. The Nyquist plot of an open-loop transfer

function G(j)H(j) of a system encloses th (1, j0) point. The gain margin of the system is

A. Less than zero

C. zero

B. Greater than zero

D. infinity

51. If the gain margin of a certain feedback

system is given as 20 dB, the Nyquist plot

will cross the negative real axis at the point

A. s = -0.05

C. s = -0.1

B. s = -0.2

D. s = -0.01

52. The term reset control refers to

A. Integral control

B. Derivative control

C. Proportional control

D. None of the above

53. If stability error for step input and speed of

response be the criteria for design, the

suitable controller will be

A. P controller

C. PD controller

B. PI controller

D. PID

controller

54. The transfer function (1 + 0.5s)/(1 + s)

represent a

A. Lag network

B. Lead network

C. Lag-lead network

D. Proportional controller

55. Derivative control

A. has the same effect as output rate

control

B. reduces

damping

C. is predictive in nature

D. increases the order of the system

56. The transfer function of a compensating

network is of the form (1 + Ts)/(1 + Ts). If

pole-zero cancellation is

A. the system order is increased

B. the system order is reduced

C. the cost of controller becomes low

D. systems error reduced to optimum levels

58. A proportional controller leads to

A.

infinite error for step input of type 1

system

B.

infinite error for step input of type 0

system

C. zero steady state error for step

input for type 1 system

D. zero steady state error for step input for

type 0 system

59. The transfer function of a phase compensator

is given by (1 + aTs)/(1 + Ts) where a > 1

and T > 0. The maximum phase shift

provided by such compensator is

A. tan-1 ((a + 1)/(a 1))

B. sin-1 ((a 1)/(a + 1))

C. tan-1 ((a 1)/(a + 1))

D. cos-1 ((a 1)/(a + 1))

60. For an electrically heated temperature

controlled liquid heater, the best controller is

A. Single-position controller

B. Two-position controller

C. Floating controller

D. Proportional-position controller

61. In case of phase-lag compensation used in

system, gain crossover frequency, bandwidth

and undamped frequency are respectively

A. decreased, decreased, decreased

B. increased, increased, increased

C. increased, increased, decreased

D. increased, decreased, decreased

62. A lag network for compensation normally

consists of

A. R, L and C elements

B. R and L elements

C. R and C elements

D. R only

63. The pole-zero plot given below is that of a

A.

B.

C.

D.

PID controller

PD controller

Integrator

Lag-lead compensating network

improve system stability is

A. reduce gain, use negative feedback,

insert derivative action

B. reduce gain, insert derivative action, use

negative feedback

C. insert derivative action, use negative

feedback, reduce gain

D. use negative feedback, reduce gain,

insert derivative action

A. damping decreases and setting

decreases

B. damping increases and setting

increases

C. damping decreases and setting

increases

D. damping increases and setting

decreases

66. An

A.

B.

C.

D.

time

time

time

time

Fig. 1

Fig. 2

ON-OFF controller is a

P controller

PID controller

Integral controller

Non-linear controller

as

X ( z )=

A. -1.5

B. 2

21.5 z1

11.5 z1 +0.5 z2

. The x[0] is

Fig. 4

C. 1.5

D. 0

Fig. 3

X ( z )=

A. -7/4

B. 0

exist

1221 z

37 z +12 z 2

C. 4

D. Does

A. Figure 1

B. Figure 2

not

C. Figure 3

D. Figure 4

69. Given

the

z (8 z7)

X ( z )= 2

4 z 7 z +3

A. 1

B. 2

z-transform

G ( s )=

function

1

.

s (2 s+1)( s+1)

The

phase

crossover

and

gain

crossover

frequencies are

A. 1.414 rad/sec, 0.57 rad/sec

B. 1.414 rad/sec, 1.38 rad/sec

C. 0.707 rad/sec, 0.57 rad/sec

D. 0.707 rad/sec, 1.38 rad/sec

C.

D. 0

is

function

A. 44/23

B. 29/19

C. 44/19

D. 29/11

G ( s )=

K

.

s (s +a)

n

The

constant Kv = 100. The value of K is

A. 237 x 103

C. 14.4 x 103

B. 144

D. 237

72. The forward-path transfer function of a unity

feedback system is

G ( s )=

K

.

s (s +a)

n

1

. The gain

s (2 s+1)( s+1)

A. -3.52 dB, -168.5o

B. -3.52 dB, 11.6o

C. 3.52 dB, -168.5o

D. 3.52 dB, 11.6o

feedback system is

G ( s )=

76.

A.

B.

C.

D.

A.

B.

C.

D.

77.

The

constant Kv = 100.The value of a is

A. 23.7 x 103

C. 14.4 x 103

B. 237

D. 144

function

G ( s )=

1

. Which of

s (2 s+1)( s+1)

the given system?

Fig 1.1

RCs

RCs

1

A.

B.

RC

RCs 1

C.

RC

RCs2 1

D.

RCs

RC 1

is the input and r(t) is the output of the system, is

given by

1

s

s

2

s

2

A.

C.

B.

1

s2

D.

s

s2

system are

A. spring, resistor, capacitor

B. spring, mass, friction

C. spring, viscous damper, mass

D. spring, viscous damper, inertia

81. The transfer function of a spring is given by

A. fvs2

C. Ms2

B. k

D. none of these

82. In Fig. 1.2, the transfer function V2/V1 is given to be

representation of a feedback control system.

A. signal flow graph

C. flow chart

B. block diagram

D. none of these

85. It is a power-amplifying feedback control system in

which the controlled variable is mechanical position,

or a time derivative of position such as velocity or

acceleration.

A. gyroscope

C.

servomechanism

B. transducer

D. amplidyne

86. It is the product of the branch gains encountered in

transversing a path.

A. loop gain

C. branch gain

B. path gain

D. none of these

87. It is a path which originates and terminates on the

same node

A. forward path

C. self-loop

B. feedback path

D. none of these

88. It is the body, process, or machine, of which

particular quantity or condition is to be controlled.

A. Plant

C. Feedback

Element

B. Control Element

D. none of these

Fig. 1.2

R

R

sL

A.

B.

s

R sL

C.

R

R sL

D.

Rs

R sL

control offers except

A. Increases accuracy

B. Reduced effects of disturbances

C. Increases in operational expenses

D. Reduced sensitivity to changes in component

controlled.

A. Controlled Output

C. Actuating

Signal

B. Manipulated variable

D. none of these

90.

A.

B.

91.

92.

C.

D.

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