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03 Bilge Systems & Oil

Pollution Prevention
Course No. 2004

Bilge system (Pt.4 Ch.6 Sec.4)


Purpose: Emergency evacuation of large amounts of water
Efficient drainage system for all tanks and watertight compartments
- Voids may be drained by portable equipment

Dry compartments: Effective drainage through at least one suction even if


the ship has a list of 5 -> normally need for wing suctions, except in short
and narrow spaces

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Bilge system
Sea water shall not be able to unintentionally enter dry compartments, or
pass from one compartment to another
- Two non-return valves in series are to be installed between sea/ballast
system and bilge suctions
- Except: Direct and emergency bilge suctions in the E/R.
For these one non-return valve is acceptable
- All direct and branch suctions are to be fitted with screw-down non-return
valves

Slide 3

Bilge system
At least 2 pumps
- Both independently driven for ships > 90 m , one may be engine driven for
smaller ships

Centrifugal pumps to be self-priming or connected to central priming


system
The bilge pumps to be delivered with DNV certificate

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Bilge system- Machinery space cat. A


It should be possible to pump out any water through at least 2 suctions
- Bilge suction
- Direct suction

3 branch suctions
1 direct suction from each
side of the space

unless floor has rise > 5 degrees,


then 1 bilge suction and
1 direct suction near centre line
is acceptable

If an emergency suction is arranged to a self-priming pump, the direct


bilge suction may be omitted on the side of the emergency suction.

Slide 5

Bilge System
All bilge pump connections to the main line are to be fitted with stop valves.
The bilge pumps are to be so arranged that either can be used while the other is
being overhauled.
The direct bilge suctions are to be so arranged that they can be used at the same
time as the other bilge pumping unit is drawing from the main bilge line.

Slide 6

Bilge System
Main Bilge Line;

D = 1.68 L(B+D) + 25 (mm)


L = Distance on the summer load waterline from the fore side of the
stem to the axis of the rudder stock (SLWL LBP) (m)
B = Greatest breath of ship at summer load waterline (m)
D = Vertical distance from baseline to uppermost continuous deck
measured amidship (m).

Branch Bilge :
1.68 2.15
L1
1 = length of space
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Bilge System - E/R


Direct Bilge Suction Line;

d 1.4 branch bilge suction diameter


But, need not exceed the diameter of the main line.

If emergency suction is fitted, the diameter is to be taken equal to that of


the suction side of the pump.

But

Need not exceed 400 mm

Slide 8

Slide 9

Bilge System
Bilge Pumps;

Capacities :
Q = 5.75 d / 10 [m / h]
d = Normally
Main bilge diameter
Tankers (where the E/R pumps are not used for bilge drainage
outside the machinery space) :
d - may be based on
2 A (branch bilge for E/R)
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Bilge system
Note: Locked overboard valves from main bilge system is never
accepted (sometimes suggested for mistaken oil pollution prevention
reasons)

Slide 11

BILGE SYSTEM E/R


TO SHORE
DISCH.CONN.

B.W(P)

OILY
WATER
SEPAR
ATOR

UPP.DK

FIRE
HYDRANTS

BILGE WATER
TRANSFER P/P

FM FRESH WATER
SUPPLY SYSTEM

STEERING
GEAR ROOM

DIRECT BILGE SUCTION

OILY
WATER
SEPAR
ATOR

F.W.
TANK

NO.2

BILGE, FIRE &


G/S PUMP
NO.1

A.P
TANK

FM S.W MAIN
CROSSOVER LINE

S/T COOLING
WATER TANK

B.W.
(AFT)

BILGE
HOLD G
TANK

WASTE
OIL
TANK

B.W.

NO.1 MAIN
C.S.W PUMP
(self priming)

EM/CY
BILGE
SUCTION

VOID SPACE

FROM SEWAGE COLL. TK


SEE P/D OF ACCOMODATION
B.W(S)

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Bilge system
If E0 notation:
- Bilge injection system valves and ship side valves to be operable after 10
minutes flooding through the outlet in question (Pt.3 Ch.3 Sec.6 K400)

Additional requirements for


- Passenger ships (SOLAS)
- Fishing vessels
- Bulk carriers: Cargo holds water ingress alarm- handled by instrumentation
people, forward spaces dewatering system
- Tankers and supply ships: Separate systems in cargo area and engine room/
accommodation
- Dangerous goods cargo holds Pt.5 Ch.11 Sec.2 B600
- Container ships- Pt.5 Ch.2 Sec.6 K200

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BILGE SYSTEM- E/R


Please review the below design and present your comments, if any.
TO SHORE
DISCH.CONN.

Case 4:

Slide 14

Bilge System - E/R

Case 5: Please calculate the size/capacity of the:


- Main bilge line
- Branch bilge lines
- Direct bilge suction line
- Bilge pumps
L = 265m
B = 40m
D = 25m
l = 50m

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Oil Pollution Prevention - E/R


Purpose of the rules and regulations;
To Prevent pollution by discharge of oily water and oil residues from E/R.
To achieve safe and reliable handling of oily water and oil residues.

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Oil Pollution Prevention - E/R


General requirements ;
Fore peak tanks and other tanks forward of the collision bulkhead are not to be arranged
for carriage of oil.
New MARPOL requirements for protected fuel tank location (MEPC141(54))
Tanks to be located away from ship side
Applicable for ship with more than 600 m3 fuel oil capacity that are
Delivered on or after 1 August 2010 or
Have contract on or after 1 August 2007 or
Are keel laid on or after 1 February 2008

Combined fuel oil and ballast water tanks are normally not permitted.
Requirements applicable for ships of 400 GRT and above.

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Oily Bilge Water


Operational bilge water is normally collected in the bilge water holding tank,
which generally is maintained at an elevated temperature.

This high temperature facilitates primary separation due to the force of gravity in
the bilge water tank and preferably is of the two- or three-stage type.

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Oil Pollution Prevention - E/R


Requirements to transferring system ;

An oily-water separating/oil filtering equipment to be installed

Capable of producing effluent with oil content of less than 15ppm


(5 ppm for CLEAN DESIGN).
For ships above 10,000 GRT;
- Alarm > 15ppm (acoustic & visual)
- Automatically stop discharge to sea
- Direct discharge to bilge tank/bilge well.

For special areas this requirement is also valid for ships


of less than 10,000 GRT.
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Oil Pollution Prevention - E/R


Requirements to oil residue handling system ;

Collecting tank(s) for oil residues


Including sludge,
waste oil, drain oil etc.

is to be arranged with a minimum aggregate capacity of ;


V = K C D (m)
K = 0.015 if HFO is purified for M/E use.
K = 0.005 if fuel oil does not need purification.
C = Daily fuel oil consumption (m).
D = Length of voyage in days, but not less than 30 unless
restricted service notation.

Where the ship is fitted with sludge incinerator, the tank


capacity may be reduced by 50%
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Oil Pollution Prevention - E/R


Requirements to oil residue handling system ;

Where HFO is purified onboard, at least 80% of the above capacity is to


be in tank(s) suitable for sludge from the purifiers.

Tanks for oil residues are to be arranged with suitable access possibilities
to facilitate cleaning.

Tanks for sludge from HFO purifiers are to be fitted with heating
arrangements.
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Oil Pollution Prevention - E/R


Requirements to transferring system ;

Arrangements for transferring oil


residues and oily bilge water to
reception facilities are to be
provided.

The reception facility


connection flange(s) shall be
suitably located and with
dimensions as given

Description
Outside diameter
Inner diameter
Bolt circle diameter

Dimension

215mm
According to pipe outside diameter
183mm
6 holes 22mm in diameter equidistantly
placed on a bolt circle of the above
Slots in flange
diameter, slotted to the flange periphery.
The slot width to be 22mm
Flange thickness
20mm
Bolts and nuts: quantity, 6, each of 20mm in diameter and of
diameter
suitable length
The flange is designed to accept pipes up to a maximum internal
diameter of 125mm and shall be of steel or other equivalent material
having a flat face.
This flange, together with a gasket of oilproof material, shall be
suitable for a service pressure of 6 bar.

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Oil Pollution Prevention - E/R

oil residues and


sewage
oily bilge water
The reception facility connection flange(s)
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Oil Pollution Prevention - E/R


Requirements to transferring system ;

The oil residue handling system shall have no direct


over board connection

Other than the reception facility connection flange

The oil residue handling system shall have no connections to the bilge
water system, except for :

1. A possible common line leading to a common


reception facility connection flange.
2. Connections for draining settled water from sludge
tanks to bilge water holding tanks or bilge wells
provided

Fitted self-closing valves or equivalent arrangement.


Slide 24

Bilge Water Separator

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Bilge Water Separator

Small oil droplets collect at the lower edge


of the profiles and coalesce into larger
droplets. These droplets flow upward and
onward into the oil dome, where oil is
collected and drained into the waste oil the
waste oil tank.

Coalescing effects in the microfibre bed,


Patented microfibre elements consist of
various layers of different types of
micrometre thin fibres of a special
oleophilic material.
Slide 26

Bilge Water Separator


FLOW DIAGRAM

Reference : www.alfalaval.com
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Oil Pollution Prevention - E/R


Requirements to transferring system ;

Where the bilge separator pump is arranged for automatic start

The oil content detecting device must initiate automatic stop of


overboard discharge when the oil content exceeds 15ppm.

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Bilge System & Oil Pollution Prevention


References ;

DNV Rules for Ships Pt.4 Ch.6 Sec.4


SOLAS 1974 as amended Ch.II-1 Part B Reg. 21
International Convention on Load Lines 1966
MARPOL 73/78 as amended Annex I
IMO resolution MEPC 107 (49)
IMO resolution MEPC 141 (54)
MEPC.1/Circ.641 & MEPC.1/Circ.642

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Oil Pollution Prevention - E/R


Case 6 : Please calculate the required capacity for the oil
residue/sludge tank(s) given that ;

1. HFO is purified for M/E use.


2. The vessel will have no restricted service notation.
3.The vessel is fitted with sludge incinerator.
4. Daily M/E fuel consumption is 200m.

Slide 30

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