You are on page 1of 21

RECRYSTALLIZATION

Image removed due to copyright restrictions. Please see Fig. 5 in Holm,
Elizabeth A., and Corbett C. Battaile. "The Computer Simulation of
Microstructural Evolution." Journal of Materials 53 (2001): 20-23.

COURSE SUMMARY
10/19/09

Key concepts of recrystallization




Recrystallisation diagram: nucleation, growth,
impingement, conventional grain growth
Nucleation mechanism
Influence of temperature: Tfaster
Influence of strain: εfaster + smaller grains
Influence of grain size

wikipedia.“THE” DIAGRAM 4 zones on the curve Conventional grain growth ~ t1/2 http://en.svg .org/wiki/File:RXkinetics.

"Recrystallization of Aluminium in the SEM (low magnification). University of Manchester. . John.“THE” DIAGRAM Please see the video at Humphreys. 2008." Recrystallization. and Ian Brough.

DEFINITION “Recrystalistation can be defined as the nucleation and growth of stress-free grains” ‪ Elements of Metallurgy and Engineering Alloys‬. Flake C. Campbell .

CLOSE UP ON POLIGONIZATION   Because of temperature the dislocations are more mobile. It leads to the formation of sub-grains . they tend to pile up to lower the strain energy of the system The rearrangement of excess dislocations into low angle tilt boundaries (misorientation of a few degrees) is called polygonization.

jpg .info/pictures/lagb.LOW ANGLE VS. http://www. HIGH ANGLE BOUNDARY Few degrees Image of a high-angle grain boundary removed due to copyright restrictions.recrystallization. Courtesy of John Humphreys. Used with permission.

Please see Fig. http://www. Flake C. Materials Park. OH: ASM International. 2008. F.Poligonizationct’d Image removed due to copyright restrictions. Elements of Metallurgy and Engineering Alloys. 8. C. Inc. Used with permission.com. Campbell Recovery and recrystallization in ferritic stainless steel after large strain deformation. Belyakov. Y. Elements of Metallurgy and Engineering Alloys‬.sciencedirect. Tsuzaki . Courtesy of Elsevier. A.13a in Campbell. Kimura and K..

where low angle boundaries recruit more dislocations while growing Fact: High angle boundaries are high energy and high mobility vs.COARSENING   Coarsening occurs after polygonization. low angle boundaries are low energy and low mobility .

.com.Mobility and grain boundaries 1/t50= A.sciencedirect. http://www. Inc.exp(-Qrex/kT) Courtesy of Elsevier. Used with permission. .

Vicious cycle of growth Statistically some subgrains will have more dislocations around them than the others greater mobility Recruit more dislocations while growing .

the process of classical growth starts Reminder: ~t1/2 Driving force: minimization of interfacial energy .Impingement and classical growth    Space is limited so at some point “lucky” nuclei get to touch each other and then prevent subsequent growth When the new grains are filling all the volume.

svg .wikipedia.Again… Conventional grain growth ~ t1/2 http://en.org/wiki/File:RXkinetics.

2008. Elements of Metallurgy and Engineering Alloys. 1/τ = A exp(-Q/RT) Elements of metallurgy and engineering alloys. Please see Fig. F. Materials Park. F. 8.999%) Image removed due to copyright restrictions. C. OH: ASM International.16 in Campbell.C Campbell .Variables influencing recrystallization  Temperature : High-purity copper (99.

Third Edition 4. Hsun. 9. MA: Butterworth-Heinemann. Annealed 15 min. or Fig." Transactions of the Metallurgical Society of AIME 230 (April 1964): 572-580. Bacon. Annealed 30 min.2 in Hull. 5a. Introduction to Dislocations. 3. and D. 7. 500°C Images removed due to copyright restrictions. Cold rolled 20% 2. Annealed 15 min. Boston.5 % silicon iron 1. 9. 13a in Hu. 2001. D Hull. Please see Fig. Derek.3. "An Electron-Transmission Study of Rolled and Annealed Silicon-Iron Crystals with (112) [11-2] Orientation. 600°C . 600°C Introduction to dislocations.

F.5 Tm .Definition of a recrystallization temperature : Image removed due to copyright restrictions. Elements of metallurgy and engineering alloys. Please see Fig. 2008.15 in Campbell. Elements of Metallurgy and Engineering Alloys.C Campbell 0. OH: ASM International. C. Materials Park. 8.3 Tm< Tr < O. F.

Elements of Metallurgy and Engineering Alloys. Please see Fig. Materials Park. Third Edition . F. ε . C. Boston. Physical Metallurgy Principles.21 in Reed-Hill. Fig. 8. F. MA: PWS Publishing.17 in Campbell. 8. τ and Tr Existence of a criticalstrain Elements of metallurgy and engineering alloys. 2008. and Reza Abbaschian.C Campbell / Physical Metallurgy principles. OH: ASM International. Robert E. Reed Hill.. 1994. Strain : Aluminum Alpha brass Images removed due to copyright restrictions.

Please see Fig. F. OH: ASM International. C.The working temperature Elements of metallurgy and engineering alloys. 8. F.20 in Campbell. The original grain size is determined by : -The amount of cold work . Materials Park. τ and Tr . Elements of Metallurgy and Engineering Alloys.C Campbell . Initial grain size : Dg Image removed due to copyright restrictions. 2008.

and Reza Abbaschian. Reed Hill. Purity of the metal : Aluminium. Physical Metallurgy Principles. Boston.. Robert E. 1994. Third Edition 240 . 8. Please see Fig. MA: PWS Publishing. cold rolled 80% Image removed due to copyright restrictions.01 atomic percent) Increase in recrystallization temperature (K) for pure copper Ni 0 Co 15 Fe 15 Ag 80 Sn 180 Te Physical Metallurgy principles.23 in Reed-Hill. Added Element (0.

QUESTIONS ? .

14 Physical Metallurgy Fall 2009 For information about citing these materials or our Terms of Use. .mit. visit: http://ocw.edu 3.MIT OpenCourseWare http://ocw.edu/terms.71J / 3.40J / 22.mit.