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SEMESTERCODE:

CLASS: M.E. (Mechanical) with Machine Design Subjects


SUBJECT: Experimental Stress Analysis
Lecture
03
Period per week
Laboratory
-(Each of 60 minutes)
Tutorial
02
Duration (Hrs)
Marks
In Semester Tests
01
20 X 02
End Semester Exam*
04
100
Evaluation System
Term work
-25
Seminar
--Total
125
Credits
04
*60% weightage for end semester exam
Course Objectives:
To develop the students understanding of Plane Elasticity Theory
To develop the student understands of Theory of Photoelasticity, Coating Methods,
Statistics
To develop students skills in Strain Measurement Methods and Measuring Instruments
Course Outcomes:
Student will apply this knowledge and proper use of the basic aspects of experimental
stress analysis that includes exhaustive treatment of the most versatile techniques like
photoelasticity and strain gauges.
In addition Student will able to apply the fundamental aspects of different experimental
techniques such as Moir, Brittle Coatings in Stress Analysis
Detailed Syllabus:
Modul
e
1.

2.

3.

Description
Elementary Elasticity:
1.1. Stress: Stress at a point, Stress equation of equilibrium, Laws of
Stress transformation, Principal and Maximum shear stress, 2-D
state of stress
1.2. Strain: Strain Equation of Transformation, Principal Strain,
Compatibility
1.3. Stress Strain Relations: Strain Transformation Equation, StressStrain Relation for 2-D state of Stress
Basic Equations and Plane Elasticity Theory:
2.1. Field Equations, Plane Elastic Problem, Plane stress and Plane
Strain approach
2.2. Airys Stress Function, Forms of Airys Stress Function in Cartesian
and Polar Coordinates, 2-D problems Cartesian and Polar
Coordinates
Strain Measurement Methods:
3.1. Strain Measurement: Strain and Experimental Determinations
Relations, Types of Strain Gauges, Properties of Strain Gauges, Grid
Method of Strain Analysis
3.2. Electrical Resistance Strain Gauge:

Hrs.

Strain sensitivity in metallic alloy, gauge construction, Gauge


adhesives and mounting methods, Strain Gauge sensitivity and
Gauge factor, Environmental Effects
3.3. Strain Analysis Methods, The Three element Rectangular Rosette,
Residual Stress Determination
Optical Method of stress Analysis:
4.1. Basis optics: Wave Theory of light, Reflection and refraction,
Optical Diffraction and Interference, Optical Instruments like
Polariscope, Interferometer and Shadow caustics
4.2. Moir Method:
Moir Fringe, Experimental Procedure and technique, moir
interferometry
Theory of Photoelasticity
5.1. Stress Optic law, Effect of Stressed Model in Plane Polariscope and
Circular Polariscope
5.2. Applied Photoelasticity in 2- D and 3-D Stress Analysis, Materials
for Photoelasticity, Slicing Model and Interpretation of Fringe
Model

4.

5.

6.

Coating Methods:
6.1. Photelastic Coating, Coating Stress, Coating Materials, Stress
Strain Optic Relations for Coating, Coating Thickness and Bonding
6.2. Brittle Coatings, Commercial Types, Test Procedure, Analysis of
Brittle Coating Data
Application of Statistics
7.1. Statistical Distributions, Statistical Distribution Functions,
Confidence Intervals, Comparison of Mean,
7.2. Regression Analysis, Chi-square Test, Error Propogation

7.

Recommended Books:
1. Experimental Stress analysis- James Dally, William Riley, McGraw Hill.
2. Theory of Elasticity (Third Ed.) Timoshenko, Stephen P.; James Norman Goodier (1970).
McGraw-Hill International Editions.
3. Experimental Stress analysis - Sadhu Singh, Dhanpat Rai and Sons
4. Experimental Stress Analysis, L.S. Srinath, M.R. Raghavan, K. Lingaiah, G.
Gargesa, B. Pant, and K. Ramachandra Tata Mc Graw Hill, 1984.
5. Handbook of Experimental Solid Mechanics, W.N. Sharpe (Ed.),
Springer
6. Photoelastic Stress Analysis, Kuske A., G. Robertson, John Wiley &
Sons (1974)
Term work: Assignment based on above topics and seminars.

Sr. No.
1
2
3

Examination
T-1
T-2
Final Examination

Module
Module 1 and 2
Module 3 and 4
Module 1 to 7