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The National Qualifying Examination for School Heads (NQESH), also known as the Principals

Test, serves as a mechanism for selecting school heads in the public education sector. The
Principals Test is open to all interested applicants for Principal I positions.
The schedule for the conduct of the 2015 Principals Test is reset to September 27, 2015.
The 2015 Principals Test is based on the seven (7) domains of the National Competency-Based
Standards for School Heads (NCBSSH). The 21stCentury Managerial Skills are already
integrated in the said 7 domains. Furthermore, there will be no more items on communication
1. Informal Education This refers to the lifelong process of learning by which every
person acquires and accumulates knowledge, skills, attitudes and insights from daily
experiences at home, at work, at play and from life itself.
2. Integrated Schools Schools that offer a complete basic education in one school site
and has unified instructional program.
3. Basic Education It covers early childhood education, elementary, high school,
alternative learning system and special needs education.
4. Operating Officers DepEd officials who are directly involved in the implementation,
evaluation and monitoring plans, programs and projects of the department.
5. Adults Learners These are learners who are aged 25 years old and above who are
illiterates or neo-literates who have either no access to formal education or have reverted
to illiteracy.
6. Schools Division Superintendent He/she can appoint only teachers, school
heads/principals and division education supervisors.
7. Regional Director He/she can direct the establishment of another new district upon the
recommendation of the Schools Division Superintendent.
8. Regional Director He/she can exercise disciplinary action over the teaching personnel
9. Republic Act 9155 An act that renamed the DECS into DepEd abolished the BPESS
(Bureau of Physical Education and School Sports) and the transfer of the Komisyon ng
Wikang Pilipino, national Historical Institute, Records Management and Archives to the
National Commission for Culture and Arts (NCCA).
10. Republic Act 9155 Known as the Governance of Education Act of 2001
11. Republic Act 8980 Known as the Early Childhood Care and Development Act

12. Republic Act 10157 Known as the Kindergarten Education Act

13. Republic Act 8525 Known as the Adopt-a-School Act of 1998
14. Republic Act 7836 Known as the Philippine Teachers Professionalization Act of 1994
15. Republic Act 8190 Known as the Localization Law
16. Republic Act 4670 Known as the Magna Carta for Public School Teachers
17. Republic Act 6713 Known as the Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public
Officials and Employees
18. Republic Act 7160 Known as the Local Government Code of 1991
19. Republic Act 7041 Known as the Publication Law
20. Republic Act 9184 Known as the Government Procurement Reform Act
21. Republic Act 7610 Known as the Special Protection of Children against Abuse,
Exploitation and Discrimination
22. Republic Act 7880 Known as the Fair and Equitable Allocation of the DECS Budget
for Capital Outlay
23. Republic Act 7877 Known as the Anti-Sexual Harassment Act of 1995
24. Batas Pambansa 232 Known as the Education Act of 1982
25. Presidential Decree 603 Known as the Child and Youth Welfare Code of the
26. Community Linkages It is the learning environments that respond to the aspirations of
the community domain of the NCBTS.
27. Career Service It is based on merit and fitness determined as far as practicable by
competitive examinations as based on highly technical qualifications.
28. MT 1 for 3 years and MA academic requirements Qualifications to become a Master
Teacher II.
29. Transfer It is the movement of the employee from one position to another which is of
equivalent rank level or salary without break in the service.
30. Promotion It is the advancement of the employee from one position to another with an
increase in duties and responsibilities and usually accompanied by an increase in salary.

31. Reinstatement It is the issuance of an appointment to a person who has been

previously appointed to a position in a career service and who has through no
delinquency or misconduct, been separated therefrom exonerating him specifies
restoration to his previous position.
32. Reassignment It is the movement of one employee from on organizational to another
in the same department or agency which does not involve a reduction in rank, status or
33. Six (6) months only An additional period given to a public employee who is already 65
years old but not achieved 15 years in the service.
34. Eight (8) hours and five (5) working days It is the number of hours and days a teacher
should render his/her services.
35. Six (6) teaching hours and two (2) working hours It is the complete teaching and
working hours of a teacher in a day.
36. Technical Skill This is a management skill given to employees who are unfamiliar with
their job or present assignment.
37. Strategic Planning It is the process of setting directions for an institution to realize
what it wants to achieve and to go where he wants to go.
38. 25 points in leadership and potential A minimum point required to a Master Teacher
candidate in order to be promoted.
39. The road to excellence starts here. A battle cry of every public school which means
excellence is management that orchestrates diverted at the different aspects of principal
operations to achieve the instructional goals of the school.
40. Portfolio Assessment A diagnostic tool which provides pupils profile and the
emerging skills that will help him become increasingly independent learner and evaluate
his possession of knowledge.
41. Fifteen (15) days Number of days a receipt of request by the school to the issuance of
official school certificates, diplomas, transcript of records, grades, transfer credentials
and similar documents and records.
42. Civil Service Manual It contains the basic regulations, institution and information
which guide DepEd Central Office and the field personnel in carrying out the teacher of
the department.
43. DepEd Order, Memoranda and Bulletins These are issued by the DepEd for
directions and regulations for the information of or compliance by the field.

44. Recruitment It refers to the process of searching for and identifying job candidates in
sufficient quality and quantity.
45. Merit Promotion Plan This provides guidelines, policies and procedures for
recruitment, selection and appointment.
46. Learning Management Plan It is a document focused in learning composed of the
Professional Development Plan of school head, professional development plan of
teachers and student development activities.
47. Community of Practice (COP) It is a group of professionals/workers bound to one
another based on common problems and pursuit of solutions.
48. Instructional Development It is a means of determining the extent to which the
application of a new skill/competency learned contributed to improving teaching and
49. National Educators Academy of the Philippines (NEAP) Formerly known as the
National Education Learning Center (NELC). It provides continuing strategic human
resource development programs for school managers and leaders within the context of
emerging legitimate demands.
50. Mentoring It is developmental, caring, sharing and helping relationships where one
person invests time, know-how and effort in enhancing another persons growth,
knowledge and skills.
51. Code of Ethical Standards It defines the administrative disciplinary case as one
wherein an official or employee of the government is prosecuted for an act or omission
punishable as a non-penal offense as provided for in the Civil Service Law,
Administrative Law and other laws.
52. Grievance Procedure It is referred to as workable procedure for determining or
providing the best way to remedy the specific cause or causes of the grievance.
53. Property Accountability It is the obligation imposed by law on an official for keeping
accurate records of property.
54. The Principals Guidelines Regarding Standard Operating Procedures for Teachers
and Accounting of Government Property This is to enable the principal to group
property management as applied to teachers in her particular school.
55. Performance Indicators It refers to the several key indicators that can be computed
and utilized for evaluating the educational systems performance at various levels.
56. Participation Rate It is the ratio between the enrolments in the school age range to the
total population of that range.

57. Growth Enrolment Rate It refers to the total enrolment in a given level of education
as a percentage of a population which according to national regulations should be
enrolled at this level. It is the measure of the capacity of a regional elementary and
secondary school.
58. Cohort Survival Rate It is the proportion of enrollees at the beginning grade or year
who reach the final grade or year at the end of the required number of years of study.
59. Completion Rate It is the percentage of first year entrants in a level of education who
completes/finishes the level of accordance with the required number of year of study.
60. Drop-out Rate It is the proportion of pupils who leave the school during the year as
well as those who complete the grade/year level but fail to enroll in the next grade/year
following the school year to the total number of pupils during the previous school year.
61. Transition Rate It is the percentage of pupils who graduate from one level of education
and none on the higher next level.
62. Achievement Rate It refers to the degree of performance in different study areas in
various levels of education.
63. Mean Performance Score (MPS) It indicates the ratio between the number of
correctly answered items and the total number of test questions or the percentage of
correctly answered item in a test.
64. Teacher-Pupil Ratio It is the proportion of enrolment at a certain level of education in
a given school year to the number of authorized nationally-paid positions.
65. M2 (moderate) Maturity Level of Teacher A maturity level of teacher who does not
need only direction and supervision but needs encouragement or support and recognition
for a job done.
66. Encouraging Style of Leadership It is described as a combination of high directive
(task) and high supportive behavior and is most appropriate to be used to people who
have some competence but lack of commitment.
67. DepEd Order No. 28, 2005 It recognizes the Red Cross Youth (RCY) as official cocurricular organization in the school and encourages every elementary and secondary
student to enlist as members of the Junior Red Cross Youth (JRCY) and the Senior Red
Cross Youth (SRCY).
68. Republic Act 8190 The law that provides that teachers-applicant or teachers-transferee
for that matter given priority if they are bonafide residents of the barangay, municipality
or province where the school recipient is located.

69. DepEd Order Number 22, series 2005 It includes the BSP, GSP, PNRY, and Anti-TB
Education Drive as voluntary basis of contribution.
70. Peer Supervision It is being done to Teacher 1 and Teacher 2.
71. Intensive-Guided Supervision It is being given to new teachers in the school.
72. Collaborative Supervision It is given to teachers who prefer to work cooperatively
with the supervisor in developing a supervision form.
73. Registry of Qualified Applicants It refers to the list of applicants deemed to have met
the qualifications required by law based on the evaluation and selection guidelines for
teacher positions in the elementary and secondary public schools.
74. Management It is a way the principals use themselves to create a school climate
characterized by staff productivity, pupil productivity and creative thought.
75. Managerial Acumen It is the systematic application of an array of skills that provide
an orderly, efficient and effective school environment.
76. Potential This takes into account the employees capability not only to perform the
duties and assume the responsibilities of the position to be filled but also to those of
higher and more responsible positions.
77. School Climate It refers to the sum of all values, cultures, safety practices and
organizational structures within a school that cause it to function and react in particular
78. Alternative Learning System (ALS) It is a parallel learning system to provide a viable
alternative to the existing formal education.
79. Quality Education It is an appropriateness, relevance and excellence of the education
given to meet the needs and aspirations of an individual in a society.
80. DepEd Subsidized Program It is known as the pre-school education funded by the
PTA and other organizations.
81. Principle of Shared Governance It is the principle which recognizes that every unit in
the education bureaucracy has a particular role, task and responsibility inherent in the
82. Inferring It the process of reading between the lines or drawing of implications.
83. School-Based Management It enables and empowers stakeholders to manage their
own affairs for improved delivery of educational services in a sustainable manner.

84. Accountability Mechanism It is the criteria and quality dimensions of the schoolbased management that includes resourcing, classroom structuring and pupil/student
85. Crisis Management It is a term generally applied to critical situation, a turning point
characterized by a sense of urgency.
86. Threat An element of crisis management which is a potential hindrance to some state
of goal desired by an organization or individual.
87. Decision This element of crisis management refers to time in short when the situation
will be altered in the near future after which no decision can be made only under less
favorable circumstances.
88. Surprise The element of crisis management which refers to lack of self-awareness by
those affected by the crisis, is likely to occur, but is not equated with the lack of planned
response to the situation.
89. Brainstorming It involves the spontaneous identification of alternatives by individuals
interacting in an unrestrained setting.
90. Synectics This is a creativity technique that involves the identification of novel
alternatives through the joining together of different and apparently irrelevant elements.
91. Normal Grouping It is the identification of alternatives through a highly structured
procedure that purposely attempts to restrict verbal interaction.
92. School Plant It refers to the school facilities of the school consisting of the site,
buildings and other structures.
93. Republic Act 9155, Section 14 It refers to the implementing rules and regulations
known as Authority, Responsibility and Accountability (AuRA).
94. Technical Competencies This refers to the development of the curriculum and
supervision to ensure the full implementation of the curriculum.
95. Human Resource Competencies This refers to the role of the principal on the
collaborative method which is complex and it involves many variables; issues deal with
human factor affecting the staff, attitudes and perception of the staffs, climate conducive
to productive work and emphasis on interpersonal issues.
96. Political Competencies It is a role which refers to limited resources, principals will
either have to use for some resources; the principal develops ways to collaborate and
cooperate in sharing those resources.

97. Architectural Competencies This is the process by which the administrators use to
frame/construct roles and relationships that will allow organizations to get things down.
98. Bank It refers to World Bank (WB), the lending agency for the NPSBE Project.
99. National Program Support to Basic Education (NPSBE) A 200 million US dollars
program support loan secured by the government from the World Bank to finance in part
of the various key reform thrusts outlined in the BESRA.
Support to the Philippine Basic Education Reforms (SPHERE) A grant fund
from the Australian AID Trust Fund amounting to 41 million Au$.
School Based Management The decentralization of decision-making authority
from central, regional, and division levels to the individual schools with the intent
bringing together the school heads, teachers, students as well as the parents, the local
government units, and the community at large in bringing improved learning outcomes
through effective schools.
Grant The funding facility authorized to be used by the schools in SBM
operations, also known as the SBM Support and Installation Fund or the SBM Grant.
School Improvement Plan An education development plan that shows the
intent and design that the schools will undertake to introduce improvements in learning
outcomes within the context of SBM in prescribed period and at a given cost.
Annual Improvement Plan It identifies the problems and objectives for one
school year and the intervention programs that include strategies and learning activities,
time frame for implementing the activities, persons responsible, and resources needed
which are appropriate to achieve the objectives set.
Qualified Recipient Schools These are public elementary and secondary
schools with grant applications submitted to their respective Division Offices and found
to be eligible under the terms and conditions of this set of guidelines.
Eligible Activities and Expenditure Items These are activities and expenditure
items within the parameters set out in the NPSBE Loan Agreement and which are
recognized as reimbursable by the World Bank.
School Grant Proposal A school program/or project proposal that primarily
focuses on the development of ideal or educationally maximal learning environment for
children based on the accepted/approved SIP/AIP submitted to the Division Office that
outlines a proposed project and shows budgetary requirements and requests monetary
assistance in the form of a grant.
Implementing Units It refers to the secondary schools that maintain separate
book of accounts.

Non-implementing Units It refers to public elementary and secondary schools
without separate book of accounts that are under the direct supervision of the division
High Priority Divisions These refer to the 40 highly challenged DepEd
divisions whose performance indicators have been computed as way below standards.
4Ps Program It is a poverty reduction measure of the Philippine government
that focuses on human capital investment in the poorest of the poor households in the
4Ps Schools These are public elementary schools within the municipalities
covered by the 4Ps program managed by DSWD.
7m x 9m classroom The conventional design of classroom to be adopted for all
public elementary and secondary schools regardless of its location and class size.