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AVR&SVR COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING &TECHNOLOGY

DIPLOMA EEE (2013-16)


ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING

Abstract:
An energy audit is a study of a plant or facility to

maximum execution of the recommendations and


the success of this work.

determine how and where energy is used and to


identify methods for energy savings. There is now a
universal recognition of the fact that new
technologies and much greater use of some that
already exist provide the most hopeful prospects for
the future. The opportunities lie in the use of
existing renewable energy technologies, greater
efforts at energy efficiency and the dissemination of
these technologies and options. This energy audit of
the Avr&Svr college area was carried out by us.
This report is just one step, a mere mile marker
towards our destination of achieving energy
efficiency and we would like to emphasize that an
energy audit is a continuous process. We have
compiled a list of possible actions to conserve and
efficiently utilize our scarce resources and
identified their savings potential. The next step
would be to prioritize their implementation. We
look forward with optimism that the institute
authorities, staff and students shall ensure the

I.

INTRODUCTION

This Ppt is the vision to make our campus energy


efficient. It is a fact that our college community
uses a huge amount of energy and it is also very
obvious that we waste quite a sizable chunk of it.
Our college bill keeps up around INR 9, 60,000 per
year. This amount is huge and thus naturally attracts
attention when we understand that quite a lot of
energy is being wasted, which in turn would mean
that huge amount of financial resources are being
wasted.
II. AVR&SVR COLLEGE:
PRESENT ENERGY SCENE
Avr&Svr College has an approximate area of 6
acres with student community strength of around
3000 and about 200 faculty. There is a floating
population of the order of 500 in the campus as the
residents enjoy the right of way through the
campus. Avr&Svr College enjoys 24 hour
electricity supply while within a few hundred feet

of the institute there are 12 hour power cuts.


Avr&Svr college has a demand of 200KW
(APSPDCL data). Operating power factor over
around a good 0.98.
III.ENERGY AUDIT METHODOLOGY:
The methodology adopted for this audit was:
Formation of audit groups for specific areas and
end use.
Visual inspection and data collection.
Observations on the general condition of the facility
and equipment and quantification.
Identification / verification of energy consumption
and other.

Types of Energy Audits:


There are three types of audits that are described

Parameters by measurements.
Detailed calculations, analyses and assumptions.
Validation.
Potential energy saving opportunities.
Implementation.
IV. QUANTIFICATION BY END USED:
The loads were segregated based on the end
use as lighting and fans, Computer/printers, water
pumping. Quantification, types and necessary
measurements were carried out.
The details are given below:

below in order of increasing degree of detail. The


type of audit used is discussed at the preliminary
consultation stage. The best way to determine the
appropriate type of audit is to look at the
Energy Use Index (EUI) of the facility or building
involved (see Appendix A).
1. Walk-through audit. This is the least expensive. It
involves an examination of the building or facility,
including a visual inspection of each of the
associated systems. Historic energy usage data are
reviewed to analyze patterns of energy use and

Connected Electrical Load

compare them with sector/industry averages or

Distribution (In KW)

TUBELIGHTS

FANS

40.8KW

CRT MONITORS

22.1KW

CFL LIGHTS

1.27KW

16.4KW

benchmarks for similar structures. The walkthrough audit provides an initial estimate of
potential savings and generates a menu of
inexpensive savings options usually involving
incremental improvements in O&M. Information

from this level of audit also serves as a basis for

and equipment packages. As previously noted, the

determining if a more comprehensive audit will be

audit could be done either in-house or by use of

needed.

Outside consultants, depending on the level of audit

2. Standard Audit. This involves a more

required and availability of expertise and resources.

comprehensive and highly detailed evaluation.

Internal staff could carry out the walk-through

Facilities, equipment, operational systems and

audit. When outside help from a consultant,

conditions are assessed thoroughly and on-site

contractor or independent energy auditors needed,

measurements and testing are conducted to arrive at

the search and selection should be done carefully to

a careful quantification of energy use, including

get the best and most reliable service.

losses.2 The energy efficiencies of the various

The following tips might be useful:

systems are determined using accepted energy

look for licensed, insured contractors

engineering computational techniques. Technical

focus on local companies

changes and improvements in each of the systems

obtain at least three bids with details in writing

are analyzed to determine the corresponding

ask about previous experience

potential energy and cost savings. In addition, the

check references

standard audit will include an economic analysis of

inquire with Better Business Bureau

the proposed technological improvements and

In addition, the National Association of Energy

ECM.

Service Companies (NAESCO)has member

3. Computer Simulation. The computer simulation

companies nationwide that specialize in energy

approach is the most expensive and often is

auditing for both large commercial buildings and

recommended for more complicated systems,

homes.

structures or facilities. This involves using


computer simulation software for prediction

Steps in Energy Auditing

purposes (i.e., performance of buildings and

The audit encompasses several steps3: preliminary

systems) and consideration of effects of external

consultation, initial data gathering and assessment,

factors (e.g., changes in weather another

on-site inspection, data analysis and evaluation, and

conditions). With the computer simulation audit, a

reporting. The organization of an energy audit team

baseline related to facilitys actual energy use is

is a prerequisite to this process.

established, against which effects of system

Initial data gathering and assessment

improvements are compared. This audit often is

The initial step is to consult with knowledgeable

used for assessing energy performance of new

parties to determine the most suitable type of audit.

buildings based on different design configurations

The complexity of the facilities, buildings and

systems to be covered by the audit are taken into

b) Classify utility bills either by meter or by

account. Then, the parties discuss and decide upon

building and put them

the criteria required to focus the audit, such as

Together into 12-month blocks using the meter-read

Management goal, level of effort and budget

dates;

ceiling.

c) Pinpoint location of all meters and sub-meters;

Preliminary consultation

d) Identify which facility, building or space is

Prior to actual site inspection of the facilities and

served by which meter;

buildings, building systems (electrical and

e) Estimate the square footage of the conditioned

mechanical) and their operational characteristics

area for each facility/building.

should be assessed. This will yield a series of


questions and issues to be addressed during the site
visit.
At least two years worth of utility energy data

ENERGY SAVINGS AND


TECHNIQUES

should be compiled and reviewed


The data coverage should include all delivered fuels

Replacement of fluorescent tubes with led tubes

including electricity, natural gas and fuel oil. The

Replacement of cfl lamps with led lamps

information developed will be the basis for

Replacement of fans with low wattage fans

evaluating characteristics of systems operations,

Replacement of crt monitors with led monitors

establishing energy benchmarks4 vis-

Replacement of air conditioners with 5star a.cs

avisindustry/sector standards5 or averages,

5 watts led tube is equal to 40 watts fluorescent

determining potential savings, setting an energy-

tube

reduction target, and defining a baseline against

2watts led tube is equal to 15watts cfl bulbs

which to

By replacing all these equipments with above

Measure the effectiveness of energy

devices we can save up to 15% of energy

efficiency/conservation measures to

consumption

beimplemented.To ensure all of the necessary


information is on hand for an adequate

Replacing of all these equipment involves a lot of

Assessment of the energy-consumption data,

money investment .but in due course we can

perform the following tasks:

achieve in pay back period. after that it is very

a) Obtain copies of all monthly utility bills and

economical.

invoices for delivered fuel;

encouragement and notable guidance. We are


thankful to them for their guidelines in preparing
this report.We also thank all the staff members of
the respective Departments Avr & Svr College
during our field measurements.

Conclusions
.The implementation of a structured energy audit
offers numerous benefits to the enterprises
including:
Improved energetic efficiency;
Reduced energy bills;
Reduced environmental impact;
Reduced maintenance costs;
Improvement of working conditions and safety;
Greater organizational involvement and
competency concerning
energy issues.
ACKNOWLEDGMENT
We take this opportunity to express our deep sense
of gratitude to our department lecturers for their
valuable guidance and inspiration in spite of their
busy schedule. they devotedthemselves in
completing our task with the admirable excellence.
they has taken keep and personal Interest in giving
us constant encouragement and timely suggestions
also to our HOD Shiva Shankar garu for cheerful

REFERENCES

[1] IIT Bombay Energy audit report, Department of


Energy Science and Engineering.
[2] MATERIAL AND ENERGY BALANCES IN A
LARGE-SCALE AEROBIC
BIOCONVERSION CELL by Nickolas J.
Themelis. Earth Engineering Center and

Department of Earth and Environmental


Engineering, Columbia University, NewYork.
[3] Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC)
2006, published by the Bureau
of Energy Efficiency (BEE), Govt. of India
[4] SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENTP. U. Asnani
of the 3i network in which IITK is
Also involved.
[5]

Source:

http://www.energyfreeindia.com/t5-

tube-light.htm
[6] www.naesco.org.