SOLUTIONS TO TRIGONOMETRIC INTEGRALS

SOLUTION 1 : Integrate

. Use u-substitution. Let

so that , or . Substitute into the original problem, replacing all forms of , getting

(Use antiderivative rule 2 from the beginning of this section.)

SOLUTION 2 : Integrate

. Use u-substitution. Let

so that , or . Substitute into the original problem, replacing all forms of , getting

(Use antiderivative rule 7 from the beginning of this section.)

SOLUTION 3 : Integrate

. Use u-substitution. Let

so that , or . Substitute into the original problem, replacing all forms of , getting

(Use antiderivative rule 5 from the beginning of this section.)

SOLUTION 4 : Integrate

. Begin by squaring the function, getting

(Use trig identity A from the beginning of this section.)

. Now use u-substitution. Let

so that . Substitute into the original problem, replacing all forms of x, getting

SOLUTION 5 : Integrate this section, getting

. First use trig identity C from the beginning of

. Now use u-substitution. Let

so that , or . Substitute into the original problem, getting

(Use antiderivative rule 1 from the beginning of this section.)

(Combine constant

with

since

is an arbitrary constant.)

SOLUTION 6 : Integrate

. Begin by squaring the function, getting

(Use antiderivative rule 7 from the beginning of this section on the first integral and use trig identity F from the beginning of this section on the second integral.)

SOLUTION 7 : Integrate .), getting

. First rewrite the function (Recall that

(Now use trig identity A from the beginning of this section.)

(Use antiderivative rule 2 from the beginning of this section on the first integral.)

. Now use u-substitution. Let

so that , or . Substitute into the original problem, replacing all forms of , getting

.

SOLUTION 8 : Integrate

. Use u-substitution. Let

so that (Don't forget to use the chain rule when differentiating , or . Substitute into the original problem, replacing all forms of

.)

, getting

SOLUTION 9 : Integrate . First use trig identity A from the beginning of this section to rewrite the function, getting

(Now factor the numerator. Recall that

.)

(Divide out the factors of

.)

(Use antiderivative rule 2 from the beginning of this section.)