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Evolved HSPA

Evolved HSPA
HSPA+, or Evolved High-Speed Packet Access, is a technical standard for wireless, broadband
telecommunication. HSPA+ enhances the widely used WCDMA (UMTS) based 3G networks with higher speeds for
the end user that are comparable to the newer LTE networks. HSPA+ was first defined in the technical standard
3GPP release 7 and expanded further in later releases.
In the United States, it is commonly available under AT&T Mobility and T-Mobile US.

HSPA+ provides an evolution of High Speed Packet Access and provides data rates up to 168Megabits per second
(Mbit/s) to the mobile device (downlink) and 22Mbit/s from the mobile device (uplink). Technically these are
achieved through the use of a multiple-antenna technique known as MIMO (for "multiple-input and
multiple-output") and higher order modulation (64QAM) or combining multiple cells into one with a technique
known as Dual-Cell HSDPA.
The 168Mbit/s and 22Mbit/s represent theoretical peak speeds. The actual speed for a user will be lower. In general,
HSPA+ offer higher bitrates only in very good radio conditions (very close to cell tower) or if the terminal and
network both support either MIMO or Dual-Cell HSDPA, which effectively use two parallel transmit channels with
different technical implementations.
The higher 168Mbps speeds are achieved by using multiple carriers with Dual-Cell HSDPA and 4-way MIMO
together simultaneously.[1][2]
The technology also delivers significant battery life improvements and dramatically quicker wake-from-idle time
delivering a true always-on connection. HSPA+ should not be confused with LTE, which uses a new air interface
based on OFDMA technology. HSPA+ is an evolution of HSPA that upgrades the existing 3G network and provides
a method for telecom operators to migrate towards 4G speeds without deploying a new radio interface. [3]

All-IP architecture
A flattened all-IP architecture is an option for the network within HSPA+. In this architecture, the base stations
connect to the network via IP (often Ethernet providing the transmission) bypassing legacy elements for the user's
data connections. This makes the network faster and cheaper to deploy and operate. The legacy architecture is still
permitted with the Evolved HSPA and is likely to exist for several years after adoption of the other aspects of
HSPA+ (higher modulation, multiple streams etc.).
This 'flat architecture' connects the 'user plane' directly from the base station to the GGSN external gateway, using
any available link technology supporting TCP/IP. The definition can be found in 3GPP TR25.999 [4]. The user's data
flow bypasses the Radio Network Controller (RNC) and the SGSN of the previous 3GPP UMTS architecture
versions thus simplifying the architecture, reducing costs and delays. This is nearly identical to the 3GPP Long Term
Evolution (LTE) flat architecture as defined in the 3GPP standard Rel-8. The changes allow cost effective modern
link layer technologies such as xDSL or Ethernet and is no longer tied to the more expensive and rigid requirements
of the older standard of SONET/SDH and E1/T1 infrastructure.
There are no changes to the 'control plane'.
Nokia Siemens Networks Internet HSPA or I-HSPA is the first commercial solution implementing the Evolved
HSPA flattened all-IP architecture.[5]

Evolved HSPA

On 10 June 2008 Australia's Telstra Next G network was the first to enable some features of HSPA+.[6]
On 5 December 2008, the first 21Mbit/s (downlink) and 5.8Mbit/s (uplink) data link was established on a
commercial network (Telstra).[7]
On 23 October 2008, the first wireless data devices for the HSPA+ standard were announced. The devices,
developed by Sierra Wireless in collaboration with Netcomm,[8] Telstra, Qualcomm, and Ericsson, offer peak
download speeds of 21Mbit/s over Telstra's Next G network three times faster than currently available HSPA
New Zealand's 2degrees Mobile network has announced it will use HSPA+.[10]
Telecom in New Zealand have also announced its use.[11]
On 2 December 2008, PCCW, the largest telecommunications company in Hong Kong publicly demonstrated
their "PCCW NextGen Network" based on HSPA+ technology. The company will market its new HSPA+
network together with next generation gigabit fiber landline internet service in a bundle, and products are
scheduled to be released to the mass market in early 2009.

On 8 January 2009, StarHub, a telecommunication provider in Singapore, commenced the upgrade of its mobile
broadband network to HSPA+, following a successful live demonstration of its capability to deliver 21Mbit/s on
the downlink. This is 50% faster than its previous network capacity of 14.4Mbit/s. By 2Q-2009, StarHub's
mobile broadband network would be HSPA+ ready for commercial rollout nationwide.
On 17 February 2009, during the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, O2 Germany unveiled the start of a
HSPA+ trial in Munich, Germany in summer 2009. The friendly user testWikipedia:Please clarify should provide
28Mbit/s on the downlink and 5.76Mbit/s on the uplink.
On 23 March 2009, Austrian mobile operator A1 mobilkom austria started a commercial HSPA+ Network in
On 30 March 2009, CSL Limited, Hong Kong's leading mobile operator, unveiled the first commercial launch of
HSPA+ in Hong Kong, provided up to 21Mbit/s on the downlink and offers the widest coverage providing
unrivaled mobility and performance.
On 4 April 2009, Dialog Axiata, one of Sri Lanka's HSPA providers, announced its update to HSPA+ will be
completed soon. And now they are implemented a test network in Colombo.
On 20 May 2009, Cosmote in Greece announced that it started offering HSPA+ speeds up to 21Mbit/s in parts of
its HSPA network in central Athens and Thessaloniki with other areas to be upgraded soon. Cosmote was also the
launch market for ZTE's new HSPA+ data card product.[12]
On 29 May 2009, Alfa's CEO and chairman announced that Lebanon is going to be among the first countries in
the world to launch the HSPA plus technology by the end of the year. This would make the country the first in the
Middle East to offer this advanced service.
On 4 June 2009, the president of DAVE Wireless, a future wireless provider in Canada, revealed that the
company would be deploying a HSPA+ network covering several major cities in the country.
On 7 June 2009, Vodafone Greece announced that they are launching 21.6 Mbit/s speeds in the downlink and
5.7Mbit/s speed in the uplink for the first time (sic) in the Greek market. Those speeds are initially going to be
available in Athens and coverage is going to be expanded continuously.[13]

Evolved HSPA
On 8 June 2009, E MOBILE, providing HSPA network in Japan, announced that E Mobile starts its upgrading to
HSPA+ from early August 2009.[14]
On 27 June 2009, Vodafone Portugal launched a HSPA 64QAM service at 21.6 Mbit/s. Two days later Optimus
and TMN also launched the same service in Portugal.
In June 2009, Telecom Italia Mobile, the biggest Italian provider, plans to cover the city of Milan with HSPA+,
with Ericsson as the technological partner.
On 28 July 2009, Rogers Wireless announced a national deployment of HSPA+ in Canada for 20092010,
starting with Calgary, Montreal, Ottawa, Toronto, and Vancouver on September 14.
On 1 September 2009, Zapp Romania announced a national deployment of HSPA+ in Romania. The service will
be available starting October 2009 in major cities.
On 3 September 2009, Vodafone Romania announced the launch of commercial HSPA+ service in Bucharest area
with plans of extending the network in major cities throughout Romania.
On 4 September 2009, Swiss telecom operator Swisscom announced the launch of commercial HSPA+ service
with speeds of up to 28.8Mbit/s in the Geneva area in October for the start of ITU with plans of extending the
network to major cities throughout Switzerland.
On September 2009, Mobiltel announced a national deployment of HSPA+ in Sofia area with commercial launch
on 17 September and plans of extending the network in major cities throughout Bulgaria.
On 4 November 2009, SmarTone-Vodafone in Hong Kong announced they have upgraded their 3G network to
HSPA+. Offering a theoretical downlink speed of 21Mbit/s.
On 4 & 5 November 2009, Canadian providers Bell Mobility and Telus Mobility respectively launched their
HSPA+ networks, running alongside their existing EVDO networks.
On 4 November 2009, Indonesia's largest mobile phone operator, Telkomsel launched their HSPA+ service to its
post paid customers in the Greater Jakarta area called Next Gen Flash.
On 15 November 2009, Telefonica Moviles announced a national deployment of HSPA+ in Spain, Argentina and
Venezuela, for launching on 2010.
On 18 November 2009, Estonias leading mobile operator EMT [15] opened its HSPA+ services to its customers.
Network now supports speeds of 21Mbit/s when downloading and 5,76Mbit/s when uploading.
On November 2009, Cyfrowy Polsat with Sferia and Aero2 in Poland launched their HSPA+ network to its
customers. The network uses UMTS850 and UMTS900 bands and is available in all major cities through the
country and also in villages located in southern Poland.
On 1 December 2009, Plus GSM polish mobile phone operator launched own HSPA+ network in eleven Polish
On 4 December 2009, Entel PCS chilean mobile phone operator deployed HSPA+ network in the urban areas of
20 main cities.
On 20 December 2009, Mobitel Sri Lanka, the mobile arm of Sri Lanka Telecom has announced its successful
trial on HSPA+. Mobitel is the 2nd Sri Lankan operator to trial HSPA+ after Dialog Axiata HSPA+ trial
deployment in April 2009.

Evolved HSPA

On 4 January 2010 Etisalat UAE announced that their 3.5 G network was upgraded to support HSPA+.[16]
On 10 January 2010, both Mobily and STC announced their own HSPA+ networks in Saudi Arabia. Coverage
focused on major areas in the biggest 3 cities Riyadh, Dammam and Jeddah, other areas & cities covered with 3G
On February 4, 2010, Vodafone Hungary announced its commercial 21Mbit/s HSPA+ network. The service is
available in Budapest.[17]
On 10 February 2010, Viva Bahrain announced its 21Mbit/s HSPA+ network, very few details known about the
network and its implementation as Viva Bahrain didn't start its services in Bahrain as of the announcement
In February 2010, Etisalat Misr (Etisalat Egypt) launches its 21Mbit/s HSPA+ service. No exact details about
coverage is published. The higher speed is provided for a (99 EGP ~18US$) extra fee on any of the available
In February 2010, Telstra, an Australian telco, launched the world's first 42Mbit/s network.
In March 2010, Orange, an Austrian telco, launched the Austrian's first 42Mbit/s network in Vienna Neustadt.
On 7 April 2010, Mobitel, a Slovenian telco, launched its 21Mbit/s HSPA+ network with one third of UMTS
stations upgraded.[19]
On 15 April 2010, Vodafone Malta announced that they launched 14.4Mbit/s speeds in the downlink and 2
Mbit/s speed in the uplink for the first time in the Maltese market.
BendBroadband, a small nationally recognized US cable operator, became the first production HSPA+
deployment in the United States.[20] The product has been demonstrated at speeds in excess of 15 Mbit/s down
and 6 Mbit/s up. It is worth noting that as of July 2012, this network has been switched to LTE.
Cell C (South Africa) is planning a R5-billion (US$660 million) investment in a HSPA upgrade during 2010.
Over 8 cities around South Africa now have fully operational HSPA+ services [21]
Belarus has announced its first network in Belarus will support HSPA+. Download 19 Mbit/s. Minsk, Gomel.
velcom Belarus announces the commercial launch of 3G on the base of UMTS/HSPA/HSPA+ technology.
Download speed 20.6Mbit/s.[22]
On 16 April 2010 Etisalat Egypt started offering 42Mbit/s "the first in Africa and all the Middle East".
On 26 April 2010 Indosat, Indonesian mobile operator launched HSPA+ internet service with downlink speed
42Mbit/s (claimed the first in Asia) and Uplink speed 11Mbit/s.[23]
On 13 May 2010 3 Ireland, announced that it has switched on the world's first commercial voice and data I-HSPA
On 25 May 2010 Israel's Pelephone launched their HSPA+ internet service, codenamed "High Speed GSM+" with
speeds of 21 Mbit/s (download) and 5.6 Mbit/s (upload).[25]
On 2 June 2010, AT&T Mobility announced plans to upgrade to HSPA+ starting later that year, prior to launching
3GPP Long Term Evolution.
As of 21 July 2010, T-Mobile USA has deployed HSPA+ with theoretical download speeds of 21Mbit/s to 50
major metropolitan areas.
In the month of July 2010 Vodafone started rolling out HSPA+ in the Netherlands starting in the major cities,
offering speeds of up to 28Mbit/s down.
On 16 August 2010, SaskTel activated their new HSPA+ network in Saskatchewan, Canada. Coverage started
with major cities and towns and will continue to expand throughout the province, finishing by the end of 2011.

Evolved HSPA
On 27 August 2010 Megafon Russia launched their HSPA+ internet service in two cities: Kazan and Naberezhnye
Chelny with maximum download speed up to 16Mbit/s
On 9 September 2010 Vidotron launched their HSPA+ networks with theoretical download speeds of 21 Mbits
in Quebec, Canada.
On 27 September 2010, U Mobile Malaysia launched their HSPA+ networks at Berjaya Times Square, Kuala
Lumpur with theoretical download speeds of 42 Mbits using Dual-Carrier HSPA (High-Speed Packet Access)
On 11 October 2010, Vodafone Portugal launched their HSPA+ networks in Portugal with theoretical download
speeds of 42 Mbits using Dual-Carrier HSPA (High-Speed Packet Access) connections.
Croatian operator Tele2 announced that the 21 Mbit/s HSPA+ will be available around the beginning of
December 2010
On 5 November 2010 Tata DoCoMo launched their HSPA+ networks with theoretical download speeds of 21
Mbits in India, even though most BTS are supported with HSDPA 3.6Mbit/s.
On 9 November 2010, Tusmobil Slovenia launched their HSPA+ network with speeds up to 21 Mbit/s.
On 10 November 2010, Russian Mobile TeleSystems announced plans to introduce HSDPA 14 Mbit/s and
HSPA+ 21 Mbit/s services in the Moscow region by Q1 2011.[26]
On 15 November 2010 Iusacell Mexico launched their HSPA+ network with speeds up to 21 Mbit/s.
On 2 December 2010, Si.mobil rolled out their HSPA+ network.
In December 2010, BSNL started upgrading their entire 3G network in 760 Indian cities from the current HSDPA
(7.2Mbit/s) standards to the HSPA+ standards with minimum speeds of 14.4Mbit/s and maximum speeds of
21.1Mbit/s. The entire up-gradation process will be completed by 31 March 2011.[27]

On 10 February 2011 Vip Mobile Serbia launched their HSPA+ network with speeds up to 42Mbit/s.[28]
On 21 February 2011 Zain Jordan acquired the license to operate the HSPA+ Network in Jordan. The official
launch of the service is planned to be at the beginning of March.
On 21 March 2011, T-Mobile USA announced their plans to upgrade their HSPA+ network to 42 Mbps in three
cities and to 25 by mid-year [29]
On 31 March 2011 MTS Mobility plans to launch their new HSPA+ (shared with Rogers Wireless) network with
speeds up to 21Mbit/s, alongside their current CDMA network.[30]
In 2009 Telus launched their 4G network with speeds up to 21Mbit/s, and is launching an upgraded 4G network
(a major upgrade for Telus Winnipeg) with speeds up to 42 Mbit/s.[31]
In March 2011, O2 UK began deploying 21Mbit/s HSPA+ to its existing up to 14.4Mbit/s 3G network.[32]
On April 16, 2011, Globe Telecom announced its plans to roll out nationwide HSPA+ services to the entire
Philippines by late 2012.[33]
In April 2011, 3 UK began its rollout of 21Mbit/s HSPA+ Mobile Broadband.[34][35]
On 5 May 2011 Etisalat Lanka launched 3.75G in Sri Lanka which became the first commercial launch of 3.75G
in South Asia. Currently, it has 515 3.75G bases across the country.
On 1 June 2011, Cincinnati Bell Wireless began the rollout of its HSPA+ network with peak download speeds of
up to 21Mbps and peak upload speeds of up to 5.7Mbps.
In 5 August 2011, Smart Communications listed several locations in the Philippines with coverage of its HSPA+
In 9 August 2011 Claro Panama announced the availability of their HSPA+ network. [37]

Evolved HSPA
On 12 August 2011 Total Access Communication (DTAC) Launched HSPA+ up to 42Mbps Service in Bangkok,
Thailand on the 850Mhz band. DTAC plans to continue to expand their HSPA+ network with a target of 2000
base stations in 2012 and a further 780 base stations to provide 3G service in a total of 40 provinces.
On 30 August 2011 Truemove-H launched its HSPA+ network and will launches in a total of 16 provinces in
Thailand before the end of 2011 and plans to increase the number to 77 provinces in 2012. Truemove-H will be
the first HSPA+ Operator that provides a nationwide HSPA+ 42 Mbps network.
On 2 November 2011, MTC Touch, Zain affiliate in Lebanon, officially launched HSPA+ services in Lebanon.
The service is to cover all Lebanese territories by beginning of 2012.
In December 2011, Iran's third mobile operator Rightel launched the first HSPA+/3G network in the city of Karaj
and later in February in the capital Tehran.
On 19 December 2011 Pelephone Israel announced that they are upgrading their HSPA+ network with speed up
to 42 Mbit/s.[38]
On 27 December 2011 Deutsche Telekom announced that they finished upgrading their UMTS-Network to
42Mbit/s HSPA+ which reaches about 60% of Germany's population. Deutsche Telekom uses DC-HSPA+.

In March 2012, Orange France announced its HSPA+ network has covered more than 50% of the French
On 27 March 2012 Claro Nicaragua announced its HSPA+ network in Managua.[39]
On 16 May 2012, Digicel Trinidad and Tobago launched its HSPA+ network with speeds up to 21 Mbps, which
covers 75% of Trinidad and Tobago's population.
On 19 June 2012, Telenor Serbia launched its commercial HSPA+ network with speeds up to 42 Mbps in several
cities in Serbia like Belgrade or Zemun.
In June 2012, Bouygues Telecom announced its HSPA+ network has also covered more than 50% of the French
On 25 August 2012, Etisalat - Sri Lanka announced the start of DC-HSPA+. First operator in a South Asian
country to do so.
In December 2012, Mobitel - Sri Lanka launched DC-HSPA+ network with speeds up to 42 Mbit/s.
As of 2012, Telcel in Mexico is starting to deploy HSPA+.


http:/ / www. ericsson. com/ res/ thecompany/ docs/ journal_conference_papers/ atsp/ multi-carrier_hspa_evolution. pdf
http:/ / www. nokiasiemensnetworks. com/ sites/ default/ files/ document/ HSPA_evolution_white_paper_low_res_141220. pdf
http:/ / www. ericsson. com/ res/ thecompany/ docs/ publications/ ericsson_review/ 2009/ issue1/ hspa. pdf
ftp:/ / ftp. 3gpp. org/ Specs/ archive/ 25_series/ 25. 999/
Internet High-Speed Packet Access (I-HSPA), Nokia Siemens Networks (http:/ / www. nokiasiemensnetworks. com/ products/
mobile-broadband/ internet-hspa)
Ericsson world-first in delivering innovative 3G technology to Telstra Press Release (http:/ / www. ericsson. com/ ericsson/ press/ releases/
20080610-1226569. shtml)
World's first 21Mbit/s eHSPA/HSPA+ data "call" made in Australia (http:/ / www. itwire. com/ content/ view/ 22150/ 127/ )
Moving Beyond Borders (http:/ / www. sierrawireless. com/ resources/ documents/ solutions/
Netcomm_Final-Sierra_Wireless_3G_Empowered1. pdf)
Sierra Wireless developing world's fastest mobile broadband device for Telstra's Next G network Press Release (http:/ / www.
sierrawireless. com/ news_events/ news. aspx?year=2008& contentid=6CA5123B-14ED-4FDD-9361-687313B9D5A4)

[10] 2degrees Mobile choice (http:/ / www. 2degreesmobile. co. nz/ coverage)
[11] TUANZ praises Telecom's network investment choice (http:/ / computerworld. co. nz/ news. nsf/ netw/

Evolved HSPA
[12] Press release (http:/ / www. cosmote. gr/ cosmote/ cosmote. portal?locale=el_GR& _nfpb=true& _pageLabel=press_releases& path=/
SCSDevRepository/ content/ el/ sections/ pressoffice/ pressrelease/ 200509gr. xml& breadcrumbTitle=+ COSMOTE+ + +
+ + + + + 21+ Mbps+ (HSPA+ ))
[13] Announcements (http:/ / www. vodafone. gr/ portal/ client/ news/ pressReleaseClient!pressReleaseDetails.
action?pressReleaseId=27501& dateFrom=& dateUntil=& request_locale=en)
[14] EMOBILE to Start Japan's First 3.5G/HSPA+ 21Mbps Mobile Data Service from Early AugustMonthly fee starts from 580 yen | EMOBILE
Press Release | Company Information | eAccess (http:/ / www. emobile. jp/ cgi-bin/ e_press. cgi?id=504)
[15] http:/ / www. emt. ee/
[16] HSPA+ peaks Burj Khalifa's mobile broadband speed to the region's highest (http:/ / etisalat. ae/ index. jsp?lang=en& type=content&
currentid=10c8e15c0b56a010VgnVCM1000000a0a0a0a____& contentid=47d604618e6e5210VgnVCM1000000c24a8c0RCRD&
[17] HSPA+ launched in Budapest (hungarian) (http:/ / www. hwsw. hu/ hirek/ 43896/ vodafone-hspa-operator-internet-mobilinternet-hspa-3g.
[18] VIVA (http:/ / www. viva. com. bh/ )
[19] Mobitel vklopil HSPA+ za e hitreji mobilni internet | Storitve | Mobilna telefonija (http:/ / dne. enaa. com/ Mobilna-telefonija/ Storitve/
Mobitel-vklopil-HSPA+ -za-se-hitrejsi-mobilni-internet. html)
[20] title=BendBroadband Press Statement (http:/ / bendbroadband. com/ press/ BendBroadband Wireless Internet Launch. pdf)
[21] South Africa's Cell C Plans HSPA Network for 2010 (http:/ / www. cellular-news. com/ story/ 41023. php)
[22] velcom News velcom announces the commercial launch of 3G on the base of UMTS/HSPA/HSPA+ technology (http:/ / velcom. by/ en/
about/ news/ 10058. htm)
[23] Indosat Integrated Portal Home (http:/ / www. indosat. com/ Indosat_35G_Broadband/ Indosat_35G_Broadband_Up_Date/
[24] World's 1st I-HSPA in Ireland | Irish Developer Network ICT Portal (http:/ / irishdev. com/ Home/ News/
1089-Worlds-st-IHSPA-in-Ireland. html)
[25] 21 : TheMarker (http:/ / www. themarker. com/
tmc/ article. jhtml?ElementId=skira20100525_1170294)
[26] (http:/ / www. company. mts. ru/ press-centre/
press_release/ 2010-11-10-935578/ )
[27] BSNL Upgrading there 3G network to HSPA+ (http:/ / techwek. com/ 2010/ 12/ 31/
[28] The first HSPA+ network in Serbia (http:/ / www. vipmobile. rs/ about-vip/ press-center. 1091. html?itemId=208)
[29] T-Mobile Reveals 42 Mbps HSPA Service, G2x Phone for Spring (http:/ / techland. time. com/ 2011/ 03/ 22/
t-mobile-reveals-42-mbps-hspa-service-g2x-phone-for-spring/ )
[30] MTS' new HSPA+ network launching March 31st with iPhone 4 (http:/ / www. mts. ca/ portal/ site/ innovations/ hspa/
[31] Telus' 4G network history (http:/ / www. telusmobility. com/ en/ MB/ network/ index. shtml?INTCMP=HomeBAN4G)
[32] O2 Press Release Information (http:/ / news. o2. co. uk/ Press-Releases/ O2-first-to-switch-on-new-superfast-3G-900MHz-network-2f8.
[33] Globe Telecom Launches HSPA+ Network in the Philippines (http:/ / www. gameops. net/ 2011/ 04/
globe-telecom-launches-hspa-network-in. html)
[34] Three quietly rolling out HSPA+ (http:/ / www. talk3g. co. uk/ showthread. php?8759-Three-quietly-rolling-out-HSPA&
[35] Three Blog Moving towards 4G phones (http:/ / blog. three. co. uk/ 2011/ 05/ 06/ moving-towards-4g/ )
[36] Complete List of Smart HSPA+ Locations for Smart Bro Rocket Plug-It (http:/ / www. cebutechblogger. com/ 2011/ 08/
complete-list-smart-hspa-locations. html)
[37] Claro Panama announces HSPA (http:/ / www. claro. com. pa/ Tengo. aspx?s=580)
[38] - 42 MarkerTV TheMarker (http:/ / www.
themarker. com/ 1. 1595401)
[39] (http:/ / www. confidencial. com. ni/ articulo/ 6477/ enitel-estrena-internet-inalambrica-4g) Enitel estrena internet inalmbrica 4G

Evolved HSPA

External links
3GPP (
Free download of 3GPP standards available at

3GPP Specifications Home Page (

ETSI GSM UMTS 3GPP Numbering Cross Reference (
HSPA LTE Link Budget Comparison (
Public HSPA Discussion Forum (
Nokia HSPA (
Nokia_Radio_Access_Networks/Nokia HSPA Solution.pdf)Wikipedia:Link rot
QUALCOMM to Deliver 28 Mbps Mobile Broadband with HSPA+ (
Huawei HSPA+ ( rot
HSPA+ Upgrade in Sri Lanka (

Sri Lanka; Local 28.8Mbit/s downlink HSPA trial a 'success' (

HSPA now "officially" 4G (

Article Sources and Contributors

Article Sources and Contributors

Evolved HSPA Source: Contributors: 7free, A.h. king, Acfrazier, Adavidb, Alphathon, Alwin1403, Anarchyson, Andros 1337, Armando,
Austin.nassau, Bbb2007, Bestcallumuk, Boci, BroadBandAC, Btilm, Caedwa, Causa sui, Ch604, Chowbok, Cros79, DHR, Darin-0, Darkman007e, Davidlimcg23, Dennisthe2, Devourer09,
Djpalmer93, DmitryKo, DooMMeeR, Dr rdb, DrMoslehi, Drizzd, Ecwpa, Editorpl, Eikoseidel, FileAnt, Firsfron, Fogelmania, FrenchChris, Golffies, Greg L, HMSSolent, Habbie, Hgb
asicwizard, Imcdnzl, Jdperkins, JeffreyN, Jfinlayson, Johantheghost, Joy, Kau mad, Kku, Kyng, Kyousuke.k, LapTop006, Ledba, Lensovet, Lightmouse, LilHelpa, LindsayH, LittleBenW,
LukeFrmUttley, MMuzammils, Magioladitis, Mange01, Marek265, Mark Arsten, MobileIP, Mojodaddy, MrCellular, Nasula, Ncrashb, Nopetro, Ollihokkanen, Pmeth, Porttikivi, Pwairjae,
Retroneo, Ringbang, Rjwilmsi, Roybadami, Ruchira88, SLi, Saper, Servel333, Shawnrouse, Siddhant, Sitush, Steve03Mills, Steveklein, Stoinov, Svk sadgat, TashTish, Timl, Unforgettableid,
Vinko, WikiWikiPhil, Xiphosurus, Yadavjpr, Zayani, Zippo, , 219 anonymous edits

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