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Transport

Energy Audits
http://www.iee-library.eu

Intelligent Energy e-library


of tools and guidebooks on
Transport

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Authors/editors:
Carolina VALSECCHI (IEEP), Emma WATKINS (IEEP), Joana CHIAVARI (IEEP), Peter HJERP (IEEP), Kristof GEERAERTS (IEEP),
Kaire KOTSALAINEN (IEEP), Eamon O’HARA (AEIDL), Nora SCHIESSLER (AEIDL), Joao SILVA (AEIDL), Eveline DURIEUX (AEIDL),
Tanya TREACY (AEIDL), Julia BAILLY (Prospect C&S), Emiel HANEKAMP (Prospect C&S), Boris SUCIC (Prospect C&S),
Florian Paul BODESCU (Prospect C&S), Jaroslav JAKUBES (Prospect C&S), Eva MICHALENA (Prospect C&S),
Sulev SOOSAAR (Prospect C&S), Daniela SIMOVA (Prospect C&S), Andrzej RAJIKIEWICZ (Prospect C&S), Marta SZABO (Prospect C&S).

Graphic design:
Daniel RENDERS, Anita CORTÉS

Acknowledgements: The team wishes to thank all the project coordinators that have agreed to give us copyright clearance for the
reproduction of tools and guidebooks in the IEe-library. Thanks to Brandon Lee, Megan Lewis, Mairi Brookes and Ang Zhao for their support.
In addition, we wish to thank all the energy agencies that have pointed us to relevant tools and guidebooks for this e-library.

The responsibility for the content of this publication lies with the authors. It does not necessarily represent the opinion of the European Com-
munity or of the EACI. Neither the European Community nor the EACI are responsible for any use that may be made of the information con-
tained herein. The information contained in the publication is given for information purposes only and does not legally bind any of the parties
involved.

ISBN 978-92-9202-041-5
DOI: 10.2826/10609

© Executive Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation (EACI) & European Communities 2008

Transport
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Introduction
Introduction

Transport

Welcome to the Intelligent


Energy e-library (IEe-library)

Why an Intelligent Energy e-library?

Climate change and security of energy supply are two major challenges needing urgent action from the EU. They have common
causes and common solutions. Leading the way on a response to both these challenges, European Heads of State and Govern-
ment signed up in March 2007 to binding targets for 2020: to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 20%; to meet 20% of the
EU’s energy needs from renewable sources; to source 10% of transport fuels from renewable sources; and to improve energy
efficiency by 20%.

The implementation of EU and national climate change and energy policies requires measures to support activity ‘on the ground’,
enabling actors across Europe to tap into sustainable energy business opportunities and jobs, opening markets for new technolo-
gies, and making Europe’s economy more competitive.

The IEe-library is the result of work by the Executive Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation (EACI) to bring together in one
place a range of relevant tools and guidebooks on energy efficiency, renewable energy applications and sustainable mobility.
It includes items funded under the Intelligent Energy Europe (IEE) programme and a selection of instruments picked from over
2,500 EU funded projects (under Altener and Save, CIVITAS, Structural and regional funds, LIFE, RTD 2002-2006 and Phare).
In addition, nationally and regionally funded tools and guidebooks have been included from the EU 27 Member States, Norway,
Croatia, Iceland, the US, Canada and some international organisations.

The aim of this inventory is to disseminate good practice, advice and practical instruments throughout Europe and beyond. Here
businesses, energy professionals, researchers and policymakers alike can profit from a wide range of freely available material
to help them in their everyday work. The IEe-library will also be a good starting point for (future) applicants and contractors to
the IEE programme, to allow their projects to save time and costs by profiting from available tools and guidebooks rather than
duplicating them.

All the tools and guidebooks included in this inventory are available free, ready to download and use. Most are in English, but
many are also available in other European languages.

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Introduction

How is the IEe-library structured?

This is one of four publications listing tools and guidebooks included in the free online IEe-library. This publication focuses on
energy use in transport and includes tools and guidebooks aimed at facilitating the use of sustainable transport modes and
mobility practices. To facilitate quick browsing, tools and guidebooks have been organised into specific sub-categories wher-
ever appropriate: alternative fuels and vehicles, collective passenger transport, cycling and walking, freight and mobility
management.

In the three other publications in this series, users can find information on energy efficiency in industry (energy audits, energy
management and benchmarking in industry), local energy management (sustainability of residential and non residential build-
ings, green procurement and energy planning), and renewable energy applications (sizing and feasibility of applications).

Who is the IEe-library for?

Tools and guidebooks listed in this thematic publication are aimed at advising or providing practical instruments especially for
energy and transport managers, public authorities and transport operators. You can find tools and guidebooks on the implemen-
tation of mobility management measures and on the promotion of sustainable transport modes. For example:
● If you are a policy maker looking for advice on planning and decision-making for sustainable urban land use/

transport systems here you can find methodological guidebooks proving detailed information on the available policy
instruments, methodological guidance on issues such as formulating objectives, defining indicators, setting targets,
and integrating strategies into traffic policies. Also, you can find software tools for the evaluation and monitoring of
mobility projects and their effects on emissions, and action plan models and guides to implement traffic manage-
ment including simple guides to Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) and their use.
● If you are an energy agency looking for tools to disseminate mobility management practices, here you can find tips,

training materials, action plan models, lists of measures and advice on how to implement transport plans. You can
also find campaign methodologies, blueprint models and good practices to carry out dissemination and stake-
holder engagement activities.
● If you are a fleet operator and you are looking into ways of saving fuel and reducing your costs, here you can find

a wide range of simple tools to help you such as vehicle comparison tools, calculation tools to help assess your
driving costs and CO2 emissions, fuel management guides, fuel saving tips, eco-driving training modules, con-
tract models and specifications for energy saving vehicles. You can also find software tools to help you analyse
your fleets’ efficiency and improve operations, tools to calculate cost savings, and monitoring tools and training
resources on innovative fleet management systems such as computerised vehicle routing and scheduling (CVRS)
which helps to minimise the number of vehicles and drivers for a given workload.
● Other target audiences such as planners, technology suppliers, researchers and vocational trainers can also find train-

ing material, feasibility studies, financial advice, decision support systems and other tools to help them in their job.

If you are looking for tools and guidebooks on urban planning or on biofuels (supply side) you will find additional tools and
guidebooks in the IEe-library under the themes of local energy management and renewable energy respectively.

How to use the IEe-library

The quickest and easiest way to use this library is simply to go to the section on the topic that interests you most and browse
through the descriptions of the tools and guidebooks (see the table on p. 3 for an indication of the intended target audiences for
each topic and the types of tools and guidebooks that can be found under that topic).

An interactive online version of the IEe-library can be found at www.iee-library.eu.

You are encouraged to submit new tools or guidebooks or updated versions through the website. In this way you can help to
develop the library and ensure that it is a source of continuous innovation. As well as this opportunity to contribute to the library,
the online version provides the following facilities:
● Advanced search: you can search tools and guidebooks by selecting multiple criteria such as topic, target audience,

type of tool, keyword, language and country.


● Download: download the tools and guidebooks you need free of charge.

● Rating: you can recommend to other users the tools that you find most useful. This will ensure that this website is

maintained as an instrument of excellence for policymakers, energy professionals and researchers alike throughout
Europe.

Energy Efficiency in Industry


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Introduction

Transport
Collective
(including tools and Alternative Fuels Mobility
Passenger Cycling/ Walking Freight
guidebooks applicable and Vehicles Management
Transport
to all sub-themes)

Architects

Citizens

Developers

Energy Agencies

Energy Managers

Energy Service Companies (ESCO)


TARGET AUDIENCE

Energy Suppliers

Farmers/Forestry

Financial Operators

Industry

Installers

NGOs

Planners/Builders

Public Authorities

SMEs

Technology Suppliers

Trainers/ Teachers

Transport Operators

Benchmarking tool

Blue print - Action plan model

Calculation tool

Checklist
TYPE OF TOOL / GUIDEBOOK

Contract model

Decision support system

Energy audits

Evaluation system

Feasibility model

Game

GIS-based tool

Guidebook – Handbook – Manual

Guidelines

Monitoring system

Planning tool

Simulation tool

Tips

Training material

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

INDEX
Alternative Fuels and Vehicles ................................. 8
Act on CO2 - Best on CO2 rankings ....................................................................................................................8
Aplicaciones de energía solar fotovoltaica. Cargador solar de vehículo eléctrico (=Photovoltaic solar
energy: solar electric charger for a vehicle) .....................................................................................................8
CATCH - The Route to Cleaner Buses - A guide to operating cleaner, low carbon buses ...........................8
COMPETENCE - Training materials on vehicle technology and alternative fuels ........................................9
eATOMIUM-Alternative fuels and vehicles: training manual ...........................................................................9
e-TREAM-eLearning for training energy agencies in mobility management and alternative fuels .............9
Greenhouse gases, regulated emissions, and energy use in transportation (GREET) model ..................10
GreenLabelsPurchase: Calculation Tool - Vehicles (Cars) ...........................................................................10
GreenLabelsPurchase: Guideline for procurement under the criteria of energy efficiency and
climate protection: procurement of efficient vehicles ...................................................................................11
GreenLabelsPurchase: Performance sheet - Vehicles ..................................................................................11
GreenLabelsPurchase: Training Module - Vehicles .......................................................................................11
Idrogeno: energia del futuro (=Hydrogen: energy of the future) ..................................................................12
PROCURA-An outline for successful Greenlease vehicle concepts............................................................12
PROCURA-Available incentive systems for alternative fuel vehicles ..........................................................12
PROCURA-Manual for infrastructure development for AFVs [Alternative Fuel Vehicles]..........................13
PROCURA-Market barriers for large-scale Alternative Fuel Vehicles (AFV) procurement.........................13
PROCURA-New financial instruments in the Valencia region supporting the development of
infrastructures and acquisition of AFVs [Alternative Fuel Vehicles] ...........................................................14
PROCURA-Training guidelines for maintenance and support of AFVs [Alternative Fuel Vehicles] .........14
SUGRE - Conversion and CO2-calculation tool for transport fleets .............................................................14
SUGRE - Decision support tool for setting up a green fleet .........................................................................15
SUGRE - Map and information on filling stations for alternative fuels for EU 25 .......................................15
SUGRE-Directory of smaller scale vehicles using alternative propulsion methods ..................................15
SUGRE-Directory of sustainable green fleet show cases .............................................................................16
SUGRE-Information package for fleet owners and operators ......................................................................16
SUGRE-Information package on technology, financial, legal aspects of green fleets ...............................17
SUGRE-Training materials for fleet owners ....................................................................................................17
TREATISE-Cleaner fuels & vehicles ................................................................................................................17
Vehicle comparison...........................................................................................................................................18

Collective Passenger Transport ............................. 19


A guide to contracts and contracting in public transport ............................................................................19

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Transport

Better public transport for Europe through competitive tendering: a good practice guide ......................19
COMPETENCE - Modern and efficient public transport system ...................................................................19
DEEP - Buses: Procura+ key criteria - extended version ..............................................................................20
SIDDHARTA - Best Practice Guidelines for demand responsive public transport .....................................20
SMILE - Public Transport: A Pillar for Sustainable Mobility ..........................................................................21

Cycling and Walking ............................................ 22


Aller à l’école à pied ou en vélo, c’est possible, utile et sympa (= Biking or walking : a smart way
to school) ...........................................................................................................................................................22
ASTUTE - Toolkit for the promotion of walking and cycling .........................................................................22
BYPAD - Bicycle Policy Audit toolkit ...............................................................................................................22
COMPETENCE - Non-motorised modes of transport ....................................................................................23
Toolkit for the implementation of a corporate cycling system .....................................................................23
Φτιάχνοντας Πόλεις για Ποδήλατο (=Building Cities for Cycling) ................................................................23

Freight .............................................................. 25
Carbon Labelling: Low carbon shipping, transport and market incentive programs ................................25
Comparateur CO2. Emissions de CO2 – bilan de porte à porte (= Comparing CO2 emissions
– from door to door) ..........................................................................................................................................25
Computerised vehicle routing and scheduling (CVRS) for efficient logistics.............................................25
EMISTRA-Energy and environmental accounting and reporting system ....................................................26
Energiatehokkuuden ja ympäristönäkökohtien huomioon ottaminen kuljetuspalvelujen hankinnoissa
(=A guide for considering energy efficiency and the environment in the public procurement of
transport services) ............................................................................................................................................26
Engine idling - guide for anti-idling campaigns .............................................................................................26
Fleet Performance Management Tool incorporating CO2 Calculator ...........................................................27
Freight best practice fuel ready reckoner .......................................................................................................27
Fuel management guide ...................................................................................................................................27
Fuel saving tips .................................................................................................................................................28
GreenLabelsPurchase: Calculation Tool - Vehicles (Trucks) ........................................................................28
Information technology for efficient road freight operations - Guidebook .................................................28
Méthodologie pour un bilan environnemental physique du transport de marchandises en ville.
Consommation - émissions - qualité de l’air (= Methodology for a physical environmental
assessment of freight transport in cities. Consumption - Emissions - Air quality) ....................................29
Model for the comparison of infrastructure costs caused by use of different transport modes ..............29
Practical tips and advice on fuels saving devices .........................................................................................29

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

SAFED for HGVs - A guide to safe and fuel efficient driving for HGVs ........................................................30
START - Freight transport recommendations from START peer-to-peer workshops .................................30
The fuel efficient truck drivers’ handbook ......................................................................................................31
Truck specification for best operational efficiency - A guide .......................................................................31
Učinkovita raba energije v cestnem tovornem in avtobusnem prometu (=Energy efficiency in the
road cargo transport and bus traffic) ..............................................................................................................31

Mobility Management ........................................... 32


Bougez autrement. Le guide de l’écomobilité (=Move another way! A guide to eco-mobility)..................32
COMPETENCE - Change management ...........................................................................................................32
COMPETENCE - Fundamentals on transport and energy .............................................................................32
COMPETENCE - Public participation ..............................................................................................................33
COMPETENCE - Telematics for energy efficient transport ...........................................................................33
COMPETENCE-ECO-driving: energy efficient driving style and in-car devices .........................................33
COMPETENCE-Training materials on mobility management and travel awareness ..................................34
COMPETENCE-Training materials on pricing and parking space management .........................................34
Drive power - the art of eco-driving .................................................................................................................35
eATOMIUM - Mobility management: training material ...................................................................................35
eATOMIUM-Awareness raising & communication campaigns: training manual.........................................35
eATOMIUM-Demand management: training manual ......................................................................................36
eATOMIUM-How to get started - Local Authorities: a practical support for local authorities ....................36
Handbok I bilsnål samhällsplanering (=Guide on reduced car use through land use planning) ..............36
Ideeënboek (= Book of ideas)...........................................................................................................................37
MIDAS - Training Resource Pack .....................................................................................................................37
Modelling as a means of solving the problem of city traffic optimisation...................................................37
PROSPECTS-A Decision Maker’s Guidebook. Methodological Guidebook ................................................38
PROSPECTS-Initial Assessment of Policies...................................................................................................38
PTT: guía práctica para la elaboración e implantación de planes de transporte alcentro de trabajo
(=Practical guide on the implemetation and design of home-work transport plans) .................................39
SMILE - Local experiences database ..............................................................................................................39
SMILE - Towards Sustainable Urban Transport Policies: Recommendations to Local Authorities ..........40
SUMO-System för utvärdering av mobilitetsprojekt (= SUMO-A tool for evaluating mobility service
projects) .............................................................................................................................................................40
TREATISE-Ecodriving .......................................................................................................................................40
TREATISE-Mobility management .....................................................................................................................41

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Transport

Other Transport Related Tools and Guidebooks ...... 42


Center for Clean Air Policy Transportation guidebook and emissions calculator......................................42
COMPETENCE - EU programmes and EU policies ........................................................................................42
COMPETENCE - Information platforms...........................................................................................................42
COMPETENCE - Preparation and submission of proposal ...........................................................................43
COMPETENCE-Energy efficiency in streetlighting & transport infrastructure ...........................................43
Driving cost........................................................................................................................................................44
Eco n‘Home - Advice on sustainable transport for households ...................................................................44
Energiatehokkuuden ja ympäristönäkökohtien huomioon ottaminen kuljetuspalvelujen hankinnoissa
(=A guide for considering energy efficiency and the environment in the public procurement of
transport services) ............................................................................................................................................44
FEEDU-Educational resources part 1..............................................................................................................45
FEEDU-Educational resources part 2..............................................................................................................45
FreeWay - PORTALE FREEWAY .......................................................................................................................45
Great Savings every Kilometre - Tips on how to stretch your fuel tank ......................................................45
LIISA 2006 ..........................................................................................................................................................46
MOBILE6 vehicle emission modelling software .............................................................................................46
PROPOLIS-Planning and Research of Policies for Land Use and Transport for Increasing Urban
Sustainability: Final Report ..............................................................................................................................46
Säästev transpordipoliitika. Juhendmaterjal arengukavade ja planeeringute koostajatele
(=Sustainable transport policy. Guidelines for preparation of development plans). ..................................47
Successful transport decision making: a project manager and stakeholder engagement handbook .....47
Sustainable transportation options: a guide for local governments ...........................................................48
TELLUS-Policy recommendations for clean urban transport .......................................................................48
TREATISE-CO2 calculator .................................................................................................................................48
TRENDSETTER-Policy recommendations on sustainable urban mobility ..................................................49
Uw autoairco, het milieu en uw portemonnee (= Your car air-conditoning system, the environment
and your money) ...............................................................................................................................................49
VIVALDI-Policy recommendations for clean urban transport .......................................................................49

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

Alternative Fuels and Vehicles


This section includes tools and guidebooks focusing on the promotion of the use of alternative fuels
and fleets. More tools and guidebooks can be found in the first level section on Transport or by using
the advanced search to view a wider set of results by target audience, keyword, type of tool, country or
language. If you are looking for ways to green your procurement you can find additional items under the
theme of Local Energy Management.

Act on CO2 - Best on CO2 rankings


AUTHOR(S): Directgov - Act On CO2
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Calculation Tool | Decision Support System
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | CO2 emissions
This is an online tool targeted at the public. It aims to raise awareness of the difference between carbon dioxide emissions
from different cars and provide information regarding different cars. It allows the participant to specify a class of car, the
gearbox and the fuel upon which basis a top ten ranking of cars with the lowest carbon dioxide emissions is produced. It
does not claim to help participants choose a car, but to gain information so that they can make an informed decision.

Aplicaciones de energía solar fotovoltaica. Cargador solar de vehículo


eléctrico (=Photovoltaic solar energy: solar electric charger for a vehicle)
AUTHOR(S): Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía (IDAE), Ministerio de Industria,
Turismo y Comercio, 2002, 2 p.
LANGUAGE: ES
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Planners/Builders | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Energy consumption | Technologies/ Appliances
This manual for the implementation of photovoltaic electricity production for charging electric vehicles can be applied to
golf courses, cars, hotels, airports...

CATCH - The Route to Cleaner Buses - A guide to operating cleaner, low


carbon buses
AUTHOR(S): David Martin Neil Smith, 2003, 56 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU LIFE
KEYWORDS: CO2 emissions | Technologies/ Appliances
This guide aims to help local authorities gain a better understanding of the technical and economic issues involved in
running buses with clean fuel, and to take appropriate action to promote their use. The Cleaner Bus Working Group was
formed by the Clear Zones initiative and the Energy Saving Trust TransportEnergy programme (UK). Its overall aim is to
help stimulate the market for clean bus technologies and products. This guide investigates the potential benefits and

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Transport

Alternative Fuels and Vehicles


issues associated with the use of ‘cleaner’ fuels for bus operation in urban areas. It contains information on emissions
reduction technologies, cleaner fuels, impact on the environment, current experiences with cleaner fuel buses, future
developments in vehicles and cleaner fuels, and includes an action plan. The guide outlines the environmental concerns
which form the background to introducing cleaner, low carbon buses and provides recent information and practical
examples of clean fuel buses in operation, using a wide variety of data sources. It aims to help overcome any barriers by
describing the pros and cons of clean bus operation, including a balanced and independent view of the economics and
practicalities involved.

COMPETENCE - Training materials on vehicle technology and alternative


fuels
AUTHOR(S): COMPETENCE Consortium eAUTOMIUM Consortium, 2006, 159 p.
LANGUAGE: BG | DA | DE | EL | EN | ES | FR | IT | LT | NL | PT | SL | SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities | Trainers/ Teachers | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Awareness Raising | Evaluation | Training
The Competence project aims to strengthen the knowledge of local management agencies in the transport field. This
collection of training material focuses on the fuel consumption and emissions of road vehicles, how to meet the demands
of stricter emission regulations, the availability of new and cleaner fuels, and describes new concept vehicles. It is primarily
aimed at public authorities and the transport sector, aiming to raise awareness and introduce a new transport vision. The
training material includes presentations on biofuels, fuel cell electric vehicles, battery electric vehicles, conventional fuels
and compressed natural gas (CNG) vehicles. The presentations are brief and concise which, although the correct style
for a slide show, does mean the presenter must have a detailed knowledge of the subject in order to fill in the gaps and
provide a full explanation. The reference manuals included in this group of training materials go a long way to providing
this information, although trainers may want to read a little more widely to ensure a concrete knowledge, and to be fully
confident when presenting. The training materials are available in a wide range of European languages.

eATOMIUM-Alternative fuels and vehicles: training manual


AUTHOR(S): Mobiel21 et al., 2006, 59 p.
LANGUAGE: EN | FR | IT
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Public Authorities | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Planning | Strategy Development | Training
The e-Atomium project aims to strengthen the knowledge of managing agencies in the field of local and regional
transport. This is a training manual on alternative fuels and vehicles. It covers the following: conventionally fuelled vehicles
(downsizing, recent improvements in diesel engines, low sulphur fuel); exhaust after-treatment; alternative fuels (LPG,
natural gas, biofuels, biodiesel, bioethanol, biogas, hydrogen); alternative vehicle technologies (hybrids, electric batteries,
environmental performance, economics, market penetrations, fuel cells); and European legislation. The use of case studies
throughout illustrates the described theory in practice, and helps readers to better understand the viability of alternative
transport options. An extensive glossary explains key terms and the appendix presents the pros and cons of alternative
fuels in a table. This is a brilliant resource for policy makers and transport operators, enabling them to make fully informed
decisions about the transport provision within their remit.

e-TREAM-eLearning for training energy agencies in mobility management


and alternative fuels
AUTHOR(S): e-TREAM Consortium, 2001

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Alternative Fuels and Vehicles Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

LANGUAGE: BG | DE | EL | EN | ES | FR | PL | PT | RO | SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Public Authorities | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Energy consumption | Training
The e-TREAM (e-learning for Training Energy Agencies in Mobility management and alternative fuels) project ultimately
aims to reduce energy consumption and promote alternative fuels and more sustainable transport modes. This online
tool for ‘e-learning support’ contains a range of resources including study notes, case studies and interactive software. It
is aimed at employees of energy agencies and actors in the transport sector. It provides information on Energy Efficient
Driving, Mobility Management and Alternative Fuels and Vehicles. It integrates training modules from other IEE projects
(COMPETENCE, e-Atomium and TREATISE), and compiles them into a 90 hour course. A notable aspect of this tool is the
availability of feedback. Feedback takes the form of constructive advice sent to the students by the tutor after submitting
each assignment. There are also opportunities to receive advice about wider areas of concern related to the subjects of
study. For rapid feedback, the distance-learning students are encouraged to use the e-TREAM Web gateway, which is
explained on the website. This is a valuable information source, enabling users to increase their knowledge of mobility
management issues and alternative methods of transport. Users must register to undertake the training course, but
registration is free.

Greenhouse gases, regulated emissions, and energy use in transportation


(GREET) model
AUTHOR(S): M Wang et al., 2008, 15 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Planning Tool | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Technology Suppliers | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: CO2 emissions | Technologies/ Appliances
GREET (Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation) is a full life-cycle model that allows
researchers and analysts to evaluate various vehicle and fuel combinations on a full fuel-cycle/vehicle-cycle basis.
GREET includes more than 100 fuel production pathways and more than 70 vehicle/fuel systems and technologies. For
a given vehicle and fuel system, GREET separately calculates the following: consumption of total energy (energy in non-
renewable and renewable sources), fossil fuels (petroleum, natural gas, and coal together), petroleum, coal and natural
gas; emissions of CO2-equivalent greenhouse gases - primarily carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide
(N2O); emissions of six pollutants - volatile organic compounds (VOCs), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxide (NOx),
small particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5), and sulphur oxides (SOx). To address technology improvements over time,
GREET simulates fuel production pathways and vehicle systems over a period from 1990 to 2020, in five-year intervals.
In order to use this tool, registration is required and the tool must be installed.

GreenLabelsPurchase: Calculation Tool - Vehicles (Cars)


AUTHOR(S): The Green Labels Purchase Consortium, 2006
LANGUAGE: DE | EN | HU | LV | PL
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Financing | Procurement
This calculation tool supports the purchaser in calculating life cycle costs and evaluating the most economical offer under
consideration of energy relevant criteria for cars. The calculation tool is provided in Excel spreadsheet format. It allows
the comparison of different procurement options. There are several sections to the spreadsheet: ‘Tool PKW’ allows the
comparison of passenger car for which the details are held within the spreadsheet (as identified in the drop down menu);

10

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Alternative Fuels and Vehicles


‘Tool PKW Manual’ is for passenger cars for which the spreadsheet does not hold data (in which case additional fields
must be completed by the user); ‘Tool Leichte NFZ’ is for light utility vehicles (again additional fields must be completed).
The inputted data regards the make and model of the car, features such as filters and tires etc. On the basis of this data
the spreadsheet produces a total life cycle cost of the product. This tool allows purchasers to take into account the
financial benefits of lower operating costs of energy efficient cars when making purchasing decisions.

GreenLabelsPurchase: Guideline for procurement under the criteria of


energy efficiency and climate protection: procurement of efficient vehicles
AUTHOR(S): Wiebke Zimmer et al., 2007, 46 p.
LANGUAGE: BG | DE | HU | IT | LV | PL
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Procurement | Quality schemes
These guidelines are aimed at energy managers, public authorities and industry plus any others involved in the
procurement of vehicles. This document focuses on how to develop a “clean vehicle fleet” and includes: information on
available technologies; information on financial feasibility; general tips on procurement and vehicle operation; introduction
to environmental marks and labels as procurement aids; aid regarding calls for tenders for the “clean vehicle fleet”.
Information is also given about the Exhaust Emission Standards for Motor Vehicles label, European Fuel Economy
label and the Blue Angel label. These guidelines will allow anyone involved in procurement of vehicles to proceed with
purchasing with a new methodology that encompasses energy efficiency concerns.

GreenLabelsPurchase: Performance sheet - Vehicles


AUTHOR(S): The Green Labels Purchase Consortium
LANGUAGE: DE | EN | IT | LV | PL
TYPE OF TOOL: Checklist | Decision Support System
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Procurement | Quality schemes | Technologies/ Appliances
This performance sheet is a checklist tool to support purchasers by integrating energy relevant criteria in the procurement
process. It is aimed at those involved in procurement of vehicles. It includes the following considerations: vehicle class,
fuel type, exhaust filters, fuel consumption, carbon emissions etc. The checklist covers cars, light utility vehicles, trucks,
buses and municipal vehicles. The checklist allows the purchaser to easily include energy efficiency considerations in
their procurement choices.

GreenLabelsPurchase: Training Module - Vehicles


AUTHOR(S): The Green Labels Purchase Consortium, 2006, 30 p.
LANGUAGE: DE | EN | HU | IT | LV
TYPE OF TOOL: Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Public Authorities | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
PK E Y W O R DS : rocurement | Training
This training module introduces the power of procurement and the relevance of environmental concerns when purchasing
vehicles. It is aimed at energy managers and those involved in procurement of vehicles in both the public and private
sectors. The module comes as a Power Point presentation. It covers the following topics: the factors that affect fuel

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consumption in vehicles, different types of vehicles and biofuels, general tips and energy savings potential, the use of
energy labels, background on the GreenLabelPurchase project and the tendering scheme/products they have developed,
followed by some examples of best practice. The training material informs those involved in procurement about the
possibilities of energy efficiency criteria and the tools available from the GreenLabelsPurchase project (also available in
this database).

Idrogeno: energia del futuro (=Hydrogen: energy of the future)


AUTHOR(S): ENEA, 2003, 12 p.
LANGUAGE: IT
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Tips | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Agencies | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Energy consumption | Technologies/ Appliances
This small guidebook provides very well presented, concise information on hydrogen power and its use in vehicles. It
provides clear information for citizens, transport operators, vehicle dealers, professionals involved in the procurement
of fleets, energy agencies, public authorities, vocational trainers and students. The guide provides an introduction to the
energy source and its applications, such as: how to produce hydrogen from fossil fuels and renewables; how to store and
distribute hydrogen (e.g. fuels cells and the issues with safety); its use and issues related to CO2 capture and storage from
the production phase; the use of hydrogen in vehicles. The information is accompanied by illustrations and explanatory
diagrams and technical schemes of the technologies. The clear layout and the images provided make this brochure a
useful tool for dissemination and educational purposes.

PROCURA-An outline for successful Greenlease vehicle concepts


AUTHOR(S): Michaela Mönter, 2007, 26 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Contract Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities | SMEs | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Behavioural Change measures | Financing | Procurement
The PROCURA project was designed to facilitate large scale procurement of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs), by the
provision of guidance to mitigate traditional market barriers. This guidebook introduces the concept of ‘greenleasing’:
the leasing of AFVs. It is aimed at transport fleet operators and public authorities. It discusses the motivation for using
AFVs, including improving air quality and reducing greenhouse gas emissions; and the motivation for leasing, rather than
buying, vehicles for a fleet, such as improving cashflow. In the first section, contract elements and leasing forms are
discussed, as well as the benefits and disavantages of green vehicle leasing. The second section addresses five aspects
of greenleasing in detail: fleet analysis and management; eco-labelling; maintenance and repair; eco-driving and CO2
compensation schemes; and reconditioning and sale. Several short case studies are used to demonstrate successful
greenlease schemes. This thought-provoking guidebook provides a new angle on climate change mitigation, making
AFVs more accessible to public and private fleets and raising the awareness of fleet operators, enabling them to make
informed decisions.

PROCURA-Available incentive systems for alternative fuel vehicles


AUTHOR(S): Lara Moura et al., 2007, 22 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Financial Operators | SMEs | Transport Operators

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FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Financing | Procurement | Strategy Development
The PROCURA project was designed to facilitate large scale procurement of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs), by the
provision of guidance to mitigate the traditional market barriers. This guidebook aims to inform fleet operators, project
finance officers and policy makers of the different policy incentive options for AFVs. It outlines incentive systems with
the following bases: -Economic: carbon/energy fuel taxes, biofuels tax exemptions and vehicle taxation; -Financial:
capital grants and tradable certificates; -Local authority: access restrictions and regulations, free parking for AFVs, green
procurement, local tax discounts and subsidies; -Other: environmental labels. This guidebook provides a good base for
planning support measures for introducing AFVs into transport fleets, enabling operators to develop successful integration
strategies.

PROCURA-Manual for infrastructure development for AFVs [Alternative Fuel


Vehicles]
AUTHOR(S): Lara Moura et al., 2007, 63 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities | SMEs | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Procurement | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances
The PROCURA project was designed to facilitate large scale procurement of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs), by the
provision of guidance to mitigate the traditional market barriers. This guidebook aims to assist public and private fleet
owners with the integration of AFVs into their fleets, by advising on supportive infrastructure development. It may also be
of interest to maintenance and repair personnel who wish to improve their knowledge of AFVs with a view to becoming
specialised in this area. It includes sections on: fuel characteristics (of biodiesel, ethanol and compressed natural gas);
specific infrastructure requirements (tanks, storage, pipelines, dispensers, refuelling stations); regulations and safety; and
costs and feasibility. It also includes practical examples that illustrate some successful cases of AFV implementation.
This manual provides useful guidance for fleet owners, enabling them to integrate AFVs more successfully into their fleet,
through the development of supportive infrastructure.

PROCURA-Market barriers for large-scale Alternative Fuel Vehicles (AFV)


procurement
AUTHOR(S): Lara Moura et al., 2007, 50 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Procurement | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances
The PROCURA project was designed to facilitate large scale procurement of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs), by the
provision of guidance to mitigate traditional market barriers. This guidebook is aimed at public and private fleet owners,
and intends to assist them with the procurement of large scale AFVs. It provides a comprehensive review of the alternative
fuels available: biodiesel, ethanol and compressed natural gas; as well as the main market barriers to AFV procurement,
discussed by fuel type, by infrastructural issues, and by vehicle type. Tables provide a useful summary of the main
barriers. This guidebook presents fleet owners with a useful tool for designing successful strategies for the procurement
of AFVs.

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PROCURA-New financial instruments in the Valencia region supporting the


development of infrastructures and acquisition of AFVs [Alternative Fuel
Vehicles]
AUTHOR(S): Michaela Mönter, 2007, 39 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Financial Operators | Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Financing | Procurement | Strategy Development
The PROCURA project was designed to facilitate large scale procurement of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs), by the
provision of guidance to mitigate traditional market barriers. This guidebook, aimed at policy makers, outlines different
financial models which may be applied to the AFV procurement process, and to the creation of a biofuels infrastructure.
An in-depth case study from Valencia (Spain) demonstrates possible financial methods as well as the functioning of certain
aspects of the current market situation. The following procurement scheme concepts are discussed: progress payment,
cross border lease, shared savings plan, leasing with obliged insurance, joint procurement / buyer pool procurement, third
party finance, and further cost reduction options. Project financing and EU financing sources for renewable energy projects
are also covered. This guide provides practical advice for policy makers considering the use of AFVs in their transport fleet.

PROCURA-Training guidelines for maintenance and support of AFVs


[Alternative Fuel Vehicles]
AUTHOR(S): Lara Moura et al., 2007, 16 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : SMEs | Trainers/ Teachers | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Procurement | Technologies/ Appliances | Training
The PROCURA project was designed to facilitate large scale procurement of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs), by the
provision of guidance to mitigate the traditional market barriers. This guide takes the form of a training manual for
the maintenance and support of AFVs and is aimed at maintenance personnel and fleet operators. It describes the
characteristics of Biodiesel-, Ethanol- and Natural Gas-powered vehicles, and provides key guidelines for their
maintenance. The information is concise and punctuated with diagrams and photographs of vehicles to illustrate specific
points. Tables are used to summarise details or enable comparisons. This is a good starting point for maintenance
personnel with limited knowledge and experience of AFVs. Improving human capital in this way enables fleet operators
to more successfully introduce AFVs into their fleets.

SUGRE - Conversion and CO2-calculation tool for transport fleets


AUTHOR(S): Gerfried Cebrat, 2000
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Calculation Tool | Decision Support System
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: CO2 emissions | Energy consumption | Planning
The Sustainable Green Fleets (SUGRE) project aims to promote and support conversion of transport fleets to alternative
propulsion methods, such as biofuels, methane-based fuels, hydrogen and electric. This tool is aimed at transport planners
and operators, and aims to promote alternative fuels on the merits of their reduced CO2 emissions. Users can calculate

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the CO2 emissions for a user-specified fuel consumption and fuel type. Users can also compare and convert alternative
fuels, under variables such as temperature (celsius - fahrenheit), fuel consumption (miles per gallon - litres/100km), volume
flow and equivalent units of fuel, for example: 10kg petrol is equivalent to 14.6kg of ethanol (E85). Fuels covered include:
diesel, FAME, RME, E85, gasoline/petrol, SVO (rape), SVO (sunflower), CNG H-gas and CNG L-gas. This is an informative,
simple to use tool, enabling transport officials to make informed decisions on the fuel choice for their fleet.

SUGRE - Decision support tool for setting up a green fleet


AUTHOR(S): SUGRE Consortium, 2008
LANGUAGE: EN | SK | SL
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | SMEs | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Planning | Procurement | Technologies/ Appliances
The Sustainable Green Fleets (SUGRE) project aims to promote and support conversion of transport fleets to alternative
propulsion methods, such as biofuels, methane-based fuels, hydrogen and electric. This tool aids transport planners,
transport operators and energy managers in making decisions on the type of fuel or energy source their fleet uses, based
on the needs, purpose and use of vehicles, and the distance of journeys. The tool gives tips on procurement, refueling,
maintenance and operation of alternative fuel vehicles. This is a well presented, easy to navigate tool that provides
valuable advice for transport officials and provides a good methodology for decision making.

SUGRE - Map and information on filling stations for alternative fuels for
EU 25
AUTHOR(S): SUGRE Consortium, 2007
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | GIS-based Tool | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Managers | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Awareness Raising | Energy consumption | Planning
The Sustainable Green Fleets (SUGRE) project aims to promote and support conversion of transport fleets to alternative
propulsion methods, such as biofuels, methane-based fuels, hydrogen and electric power. As part of its dissemination
activities, this online tool provides a map of fuel filling stations across Europe that supply alternative fuels or provide
recharging for electric vehicles. It is aimed at transport planners and operators. The format is simple and self-explanatory:
a map, provided by Google, has red markers pin-pointing the filling station locations. Clicking on a marker pops up details
of the station’s name, address and available alternative fuel types. The map can be altered to show only stations providing
a certain fuel type, and the map is viewable in basic, satellite or hybrid formats. Below the map, all station information
is listed by fuel type. On the left hand side of the webpage, under the title ‘Fuel Stations’ one can view the stations by
country (‘Links country wise’). This page provides links to external websites detailing the alternative fuel filling stations in
each country. This is an excellent resource for transport planners and operators, promoting the availability of alternative
transport fuels so the feasibility of converting a fleet can be tested. Information is patchy in places - some stations do not
list their address. A link is provided for mobile phone access on handsets with Internet access.

SUGRE-Directory of smaller scale vehicles using alternative propulsion


methods
AUTHOR(S): SUGRE Consortium, 2007
LANGUAGE: BG | DE | EN | ES | PL | RO | SK | SL
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidelines

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TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Public Authorities | Transport Operators


FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Procurement | Technologies/ Appliances
The Sustainable Green Fleet (SUGRE) project aims to promote and support conversion of transport fleets to alternative
propulsion methods, such as biofuels, methane-based fuels, hydrogen and electric. This guide provides details of vehicles
which run on alternative fuels or employ alternative propulsion methods such as power trains, and the retailers from
which they may be purchased. Although the guide covers only small-scale vehicles, it may be of use to companies looking
to purchase a fleet of company cars or similar. It provides a valuable information source for transport operators and energy
managers, encouraging them to pursue alternatively-powered vehicles by demonstrating their availability across Europe.

SUGRE-Directory of sustainable green fleet show cases


AUTHOR(S): SUGRE Consortium, 2008
LANGUAGE: BG | DE | EN | ES | FR | HU | IT | PL
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
The Sustainable Green Fleets (SUGRE) project aims to promote and support conversion of transport fleets to alternative
propulsion methods, such as biofuels, methane-based fuels, hydrogen and electric. As part of SUGRE’s dissemination
activities, this database of case studies aims to provide examples for transport planners and operators, demonstrating that
conversion to alternative power is realistic and has already been successful in many countries. The database is searchable
by country, category and keyword, and features over 150 case studies. Categories include: engine management, fuel
characteristics, financing, procurement, reduction of negative impacts, and technical issues concerning vehicles. Each
case study describes the scheme’s background and objectives, as well as the implementation, conclusions drawn and
contact details. The site and all case studies to date are in English, with the one exception of the search button, which is
in German (‘Suche beginnen’). Transport planners/operators with experience of a successful conversion can submit their
own case study to the site through the link provided, ensuring an ever growing pool of information and expertise. This is
an excellent site, providing encouragement and inspiration for transport officials wishing to convert their transport fleets
to alternative power. Not all the case studies are in English, but many of the case studies are primarily in English, with
selected case studies in other languages. This database can be searchable by country.

SUGRE-Information package for fleet owners and operators


AUTHOR(S): SURGRE Consortium, 2007
LANGUAGE: BG | DE | EN | ES | FR | RO | SK | SL
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | SMEs | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
The Sustainable Green Fleet (SUGRE) project aims to promote and support conversion of transport fleets to alternative
propulsion methods, such as biofuels, methane-based fuels, hydrogen and electric. This guidebook presents a wealth
of information for transport fleet owners and operators. The section on commercial vehicles provides information on
the availability of vehicles that can be used for commercial purposes that run on alternative fuels, or employ alternative
propulsion concepts. The section on fuel storage (technical) gives tips on the safe and efficient storage of alternative fuels
as well as transport to refueling stations. The section on operational expertise presents experience in using alternative
fuels and alternative propulsion. This is a useful information source for transport officials wishing to convert their transport
fleet to alternative propulsion techniques, enabling them to make well-informed decisions.

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SUGRE-Information package on technology, financial, legal aspects of green
fleets
AUTHOR(S): SUGRE Consortium, 2007
LANGUAGE: BG | DE | EN | ES | HU | PL | RO | SK | SL
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Awareness Raising | Procurement | Technologies/ Appliances
The Sustainable Green Fleet (SUGRE) project aims to promote and support conversion of transport fleets to alternative
propulsion methods, such as biofuels, methane-based fuels, hydrogen and electric. This online guide is aimed at transport
planners, transport operators and energy managers, and offers information on the technological, financial and legal aspects
of green fleets. The section on alternative propulsion presents the existing concepts operating in commercially available
vehicles. The section on properties of alternative fuels presents the characteristics of biofuels, compressed and liquefied
natural gas, biogas, ethanol, biodiesel - methylesther and blends. The section on fuel logistics and refuelling provides an
overview of refuelling procedures for the different types of fuels. The section on driveability clearly demonstrates the use of
vehicles operating on alternative power sources and addresses frequently asked questions. The section on operation and
maintenance gives advice on the servicing and parking of the vehicles. The section on incentives and laws presents the
financial incentives in various countries that support conversion to alternative fuels and alternative propulsion, including
one-off reimbursements and tax deductions. The section on leasing and financing answers questions regarding the
financial aspects of vehicles that run on biofuels or employ alternative propulsion systems. There are also sections on the
technological potential of alternative fuels and power trains, and the emission reduction potential in regard to improving
air quality in European cities. This is an excellent guide, providing comprehensive advice to transport officials wishing to
covert their transport fleets to alternative propulsion methods.

SUGRE-Training materials for fleet owners


AUTHOR(S): SUGRE Consortium, 2006, 27 p.
LANGUAGE: BG | DE | EN | ES | HU | PT | RO | SK | SL
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidelines | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | SMEs | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Planning | Technologies/ Appliances | Training
The Sustainable Green Fleet (SUGRE) project aims to promote and support conversion of transport fleets to alternative
propulsion methods, such as biofuels, methane-based fuels, hydrogen and electric. This training manual aims to provide
transport planners, transport operators and energy managers with a detailed knowledge of the different alternative fuel
options for fleet transport. It begins by outlining the motivations for converting to alternative power sources, including
climate change, European legislation and financial savings. It covers the different fuels and power options in detail, as well
as discussing the best suited fuels for different operating conditions: from neighbourhood routes and inner city areas, to
regional and long haul distances. The guide is brief and to the point, but provides valuable advice for transport officials
with little or no previous knowledge of alternative fuels, enabling them to make well-informed decisions about the best
option for their fleet.

TREATISE-Cleaner fuels & vehicles


AUTHOR(S): Energy Saving Trust, 2007, 38 p.
LANGUAGE: DE | EL | EN | ES | FI | FR | NL
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Managers | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe

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KEYWORDS: CO2 emissions | Energy consumption | Technologies/ Appliances


The Treatise project provides free training on sustainable transport subjects, primarily for energy and transport professionals.
This reference manual covers petrol and diesel; hybrids; LPG (liquefied petroleum gas); natural gas; biofuels; biodiesel;
bioethanol; biogas; batter electric vehicles; fuel cell vehicles; and hydrogen internal combustion engines. It discusses
the key issues for each fuel type, describing the technology, advantages, disadvantages, market issues, environmental
performance and economics. This is a good handbook that provides an overview of the key alternative fuel types, thorough
enough to furnish the reader with a basic background and understanding of the main points to consider for each fuel. This
is a commendable starting point, but as these technologies progress so fast it is advisable to complement this handbook
with more up to date information from more recent publications and trusted Internet sources.

Vehicle comparison
AUTHOR(S): Energy Agency of Iceland, 1 p.
LANGUAGE: EN | IS
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Calculation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Evaluation | Technologies/ Appliances
This webtool is a calculator to compare the fuel cost and emissions between vehicles with different characteristics. It is
possible to compare large and small vehicles, and diesel, petrol and hybrid engines. By adjusting the fuel price and annual
driving distance it is possible to calculate the fuel costs and emissions for one year or for longer. The result is based on
combined fuel consumption.

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This section includes tools and guidebooks focusing specifically on biogas production and its applica-
tions. More tools and guidebooks can be found in the first level section on Renewable energy or under the
subtheme on Biomass in the thematic menu on the left. Additionally you can use the advanced search to
view a wider set of results by target audience, keyword, type of tool, country or language.

A guide to contracts and contracting in public transport


AUTHOR(S): Colin Buchanan and Partners, 58 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Contract Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities | SMEs | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Private
K E Y W O R D S: Contracting | Procurement
This Contract Design and Management guide provides a practical information source for authorities and operators who
are either facing the need to contract for public transport services for the first time or who are interested in improving
their awarding and management of public transport contracts. The guide is based on samples of existing contracts and
analyses and compares them. It provides information on undertaking interviews with public transport authorities and
operators to understand and compare their views, and provides guidelines on good practice in tendering, contract design
and management of contracts.

Better public transport for Europe through competitive tendering: a good


practice guide
AUTHOR(S): Mark Hidson Michael Müller, 2003, 43 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING:
K E Y W O R D S: Contracting | Planning | Procurement
This tool outlines the benefits of competitive tendering to create better public transport. This document outlines the
competitive tendering process and how to best implement it to ensure that the community is served more efficiently. The
document highlights the various legislation regarding public transport and methods of funding. It covers best practice
case studies, advice on tendering, and advice on the management of the contract once it has been awarded. The guide
also looks at current policies and standards.

COMPETENCE - Modern and efficient public transport system


AUTHOR(S): Mohamed Mezghani, 2006, 50 p.
LANGUAGE: BG | DE | EN | ES | FR | IT | LT | PT | SL
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Evaluation System | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities | Trainers/ Teachers | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Awareness Raising | Strategy Development | Training
The Competence project aims to strengthen the knowledge of local management agencies in the transport field. This
training material is aimed at public authorities and other bodies responsible for co-ordinating public transport systems,
as well as teachers and trainers in the sector. The focus is on modern and high quality public transport, and the following

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topics are addressed: the context of urban mobility, citizens’ expectations, the benefits of public transport, overview of
the impacts of modal split, and wider questions of urban design. The material also addresses the issue of partnerships
between authorities, operators and infrastructure managers, taking into account practicalities such as parking, congestion
charging and ticketing. Several case studies are discussed, including the public transport systems of Madrid, Bogotá,
Dublin, Brussels, Seoul and Hong Kong. The presentations are clear and concise. The presenter does require a more
detailed knowledge of the subject in order to fill in the gaps and provide a full explanation; the reference manual included
in this group of training materials goes a long way to providing this information, although trainers may want to read a
little wider to ensure a concrete knowledge, and to be fully confident when presenting. Overall, it is well-rounded training
material that enables policy makers and transport officials to raise awareness of public transport and develop successful
strategies for promoting its uptake.

DEEP - Buses: Procura+ key criteria - extended version


AUTHOR(S): Procura+ Sustainable Procurement Campaign Consortium, 2007, 9 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Contract Model | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Contracting | Financing | Procurement
The Dissemination of Energy Efficiency Measures in the Public Buildings Sector (DEEP) tools have been produced by the
Procura+ group to aid public authorities in procurement for energy efficiency. These guidelines focus on procurement of
buses. The guidelines provide criteria for the purchasing of buses and are divided into those to be used when the public
authority directly purchases vehicles, and those for use when tendering services to private or public companies. The
introduction covers the background of particulate emissions, greenhouse gas emissions, noise, cost implications and
the legislative context. The criteria for procurement are split into the following topics: emissions standards, driving style
and quality of service. Further issues discussed include other approaches to emissions and biofuels. The guidelines are
available in English, however a factsheet version is contained within Chapter VI of the Procura+ Manual (DEEP - 11 in
this database) which is available in English, French, German, Italian and Spanish from the Procura+ website (http://www.
procuraplus.org/index.php?id=4594).

SIDDHARTA - Best Practice Guidelines for demand responsive public


transport
AUTHOR(S): Progetto SIDDHARTA, 2005, 67 p.
LANGUAGE: IT
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU LIFE
KEYWORDS: Behavioural Change measures | CO2 emissions
This best practice guide on how to develop a ‘demand responsive’ public transport service on urban bus routes,
thereby reducing vehicle emissions, is part of the SIDDHARTA (Smart and Innovative Demonstration of Demand Handy
Responsive Transport Application) project. One of the project’s aims was to replace diesel buses on existing public
transport routes in the city of Genoa with a new demand responsive transport system using low pollution vehicles. The
aim of this innovative project was to encourage private vehicle owners to switch to public transport (in this case to buses),
and to do so by making the service more flexible and thus more ‘demand responsive’ while producing fewer emissions.
They also published this “Best Practice Guide” to disseminate the results of their environmentally friendly flexible public
transport service and to facilitate its replication in other European cities. The “bus on demand” scheme, trialed on routes
276 and 277 in the City of Genoa, proved both popular and successful and this guide provides recommendations for the
introduction of this type of public transport service in other European cities.

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Collective Passenger Transport


SMILE - Public Transport: A Pillar for Sustainable Mobility
AUTHOR(S): Terence BENDIXON (University of Southampton) et al, 2006, 20 p.
LANGUAGE: EN | ES
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Planners/Builders | Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU LIFE
K E Y W O R D S: Behavioural Change measures | CO2 emissions
This guide assesses how making travel by public transport, cycling and walking more attractive can contribute to the
objectives of sustainable mobility. The challenge which this guide addresses is to create bus, tram and rail services that
attract as many travelers as possible. There are 3 chapters in the guide: (1) An introduction; (2) A chapter on public transport
and local sustainable mobility; (3) An acknowledgement of the editor and task force involved. Chapter 2 is divided into 3
sections: 2.1 covers integrating public transport with urban sustainability; 2.2 covers public transport and sustainability
while 2.3 is a set of recommendations divided into 5 main topics: improving the quality of services, understanding the
market, monitoring, improving performance and working with ‘competitors’. This guide aims to counteract the side effects
of growing car ownership and travel distances, to reconcile mobility with a high quality of urban life and protection of
the environment, and to contribute to social equity and economic development. It specifically targets municipalities and
officers responsible for public transport.

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

Cycling and Walking


This section includes tools and guidebooks focusing on measures and instruments for the promotion of
alternative modes of transport such as walking and cycling. More tools and guidebooks can be found in
the first level section on Transport or by using the advanced search to view a wider set of results by target
audience, keyword, type of tool, country or language.

Aller à l’école à pied ou en vélo, c’est possible, utile et sympa (= Biking or


walking : a smart way to school)
AUTHOR(S): ADEME/ARPE ed., 2003, 2 p.
LANGUAGE: FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | NGOs | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | CO2 emissions | Energy consumption
This leaflet is an awareness raising tool to encourage parents and children to use a differ means of transport instead
of the car to go to school. Acknowledging that the distance from house to school is usually less than 1km, it explains
how to implement locally the concept of “cyclobus” or “pedibus”: an adult accompanying a group of pupils walking or
biking to school along a agreed itinerary: quick and secure for the children. This simple idea is based on collaboration
between parents and teachers. It will strengthen local links and ensure security for the children as well as protecting the
environment. The leaflet gives concrete advice for the successful implementation of the idea on the ground.

ASTUTE - Toolkit for the promotion of walking and cycling


AUTHOR(S): ASTUTE Consortium, 2008
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | NGOs | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Behavioural Change measures | Strategy Development
The ASTUTE (Advancing Sustainable Transport in Urban areas To promote Energy efficiency) project aims to increase
the number of journeys taken by walking or cycling. Aimed at public authorities, NGOs and citizens, this online webtool
comprises many best practice examples of overcoming the barriers to walking and cycling as preferred methods of
transport. Ten main barriers and 44 sub-barriers have been identified, and a search of the case studies can be carried
out based on criterion (Mode, Barrier, Country, Keyword or Scheme name) or by selecting specific sub-barriers. One of
the strengths of this catalogue of successes is its wide, multi-cultural base. Schemes from 15 European countries have
so far been reviewed, extending the relevance of this webtool by widening its horizons, both in a cultural and a legislative
framework sense. This tool is provides both practical advice and inspiration, enabling users to better promote walking
and cycling in their sphere of influence.

BYPAD - Bicycle Policy Audit toolkit


AUTHOR(S): BYPAD Consortium, 2008, 73 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Evaluation System | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Evaluation | Strategy Development

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Transport

Cycling and Walking


The BYPAD (bicycle policy audit) toolkit presents a standard for local and regional cycling policies. Aimed primarily at
public authorities, this toolkit explains how to perform an audit of current bicycle policy, enabling municipalities to evaluate
and improve its effectiveness. It contains: checklists of actions; information on assessment and evaluation; calculations
and methods; advice on the formation of surveys, the stakeholder groups to consider and how to plan a meeting or a
campaign. The BYPAD manual analyses the strengths and weaknesses in current policy and gives clear instructions for
improvement. The BYPAD questionnaire is based on European best practice in cycling policy. It is very detailed, facilitating
the accurate self-assessment of municipalities by guiding them through the key issues. Individual questionnaires have
been designed for towns, cities and regions, recognising and reflecting the different circumstances encountered at these
different administrative levels. Regular repetition of the audit (once every two or three years) is recommended to assess
progress. Readers are strongly advised to explore the manual first in order to get a better understanding of the project, its
aims and how to use the questionnaires. The toolkit also includes a glossary which explains important terms. This toolkit
will be of interest to public authorities looking to increase cycling in their area, perhaps as part of a mobility management
scheme, to reduce car use, reduce congestion and encourage more sustainable modes of transport.

COMPETENCE - Non-motorised modes of transport


AUTHOR(S): Thomas Krag, 2006, 40 p.
LANGUAGE: DE | EN | ES | FR | IT | LT | PT | SL | SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Public Authorities | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Awareness Raising | Strategy Development | Training
The Competence project aims to strengthen the knowledge of local management agencies in the transport field. This
training material aims to inform public authorities, teachers and campaigners on how best to encourage walking and
cycling. It presents arguments, combinations of hard and soft measures, and solid grounds for successful awareness
and behaviour change campaigning. The material provides a good overview of basics such as the pollution and safety
implications of motorised vehicles; the health benefits of non-motorised transport modes; and a model with which to
motivate behaviour change. It enables authorities and interested parties to design successful awareness raising and
behavioural change campaigns.

Toolkit for the implementation of a corporate cycling system


AUTHOR(S): Ökoinstitut Südtirol/Alto Adige, 33 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Industry | SMEs
FUNDING: Private
K E Y W O R D S: Behavioural Change measures | Planning
This guidebook outlines how to effectively implement a corporate cycling system to tackle issues such as heavy traffic
in cities. The objective is to build a positive image of the bicycle as a transport mode for everyday purposes. Another
objective is to create a cycling system that facilitates a switch to cycling as a transport mode for both regular and
occasional users. This guide explains the issues that need to be addressed before a network is created so as to optimise
the impact of such cycling systems. The guidebook also addresses what can be done to encourage cycling.

Φτιάχνοντας Πόλεις για Ποδήλατο (=Building Cities for Cycling)


AUTHOR(S): Θάνος (Thanos) Βλαστός (Vlastos) and Τίνα (Tina) Μπιρμπίλη (Birbili), 186 p.
LANGUAGE: EL
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities

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Cycling and Walking Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

FUNDING: EU Altener / Save


KEYWORDS: Behavioural Change measures | Planning | Strategy Development
This book aims to offer specialised knowledge and consultancy on the usefulness and the potential to create cities
appropriate for bicycles. The book is divided into 6 chapters giving information on the appropriate construction of streets
(in terms of security, calmness, lighting and so on), as well as consulting for the creative transformation of cities to make
them more friendly for bicycles. It also provides information on appropriate materials and infrastructures as well as best
practice examples from Greece and Cyprus. The methodology of an approach already undertaken for a region of Athens
(Nea Smyrni) is demonstrated. The book contains pictures, maps and topographic cards, and its main strength is that
it constitutes a comprehensible guidebook even for the general public, even if the language used is specialised and
addressed to specialist individuals such as urban planners.

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Transport

Freight
This section includes tools and guidebooks focusing on reducing the energy use of freight (transport
of goods). More tools and guidebooks can be found in the first level section on Transport or by using
the advanced search to view a wider set of results by target audience, keyword, type of tool, country or
language.

Carbon Labelling: Low carbon shipping, transport and market incentive


programs
AUTHOR(S): Wason Bill Elke van Thuijl, 2007, 30 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities | SMEs | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: CO2 emissions | Quality schemes | Strategy Development
The Carbon Labeling project presents methods to promote biodiesel use, disseminate information on the potential carbon
efficiency of biofuels and promote the concept of carbon labeling. This guide is aimed at policy makers and interested
industry groups. It aims to evaluate the suitability of the US EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) Smart Way Transport
Partnership as a model for the EU to promote more efficiency and low carbon shipping of goods to market. It includes:
a thorough description of the US EPA scheme and its objectives; carbon labeling initiatives in the UK (independent and
national); a review of the strengths and weaknesses of the US EPA scheme with regards to its suitability for EU transport
policy; the different EU transport system and pilot programmes; and suggestions for freight and multi-sector low carbon
transport programmes in the EU. This useful guide enables decision makers to develop a road map on how best to
provide incentives for implementing a low carbon shipping program in Europe.

Comparateur CO2. Emissions de CO2 – bilan de porte à porte (= Comparing


CO2 emissions – from door to door)
AUTHOR(S): ADEME ed
LANGUAGE: FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Calculation Tool | Decision Support System
TA R G E T P U B L I C : SMEs
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
K E Y W O R D S: CO2 emissions | Planning | Strategy Development
This calculation tool has been developed as part of the web-platform Viacombi, dedicated to multimodal transportation
means. It is targeted at freight transport operators and aims to help them improve their efficiency and reduce their CO2
emissions. Based on the characteristics of the chosen means of transport, the tool allows the user to calculate both the
quantity of emissions avoided when using combined transport and the fuel saved. It also helps the company to compare
travel times from departure of the product to its delivery by road and by combined means of transport. In addition, a
guidebook explains the calculation method for CO2 emissions of road freight, train freight, navigation freight (in containers)
and maritime freight (roll on-roll off). These calculations are based on simple algorithms designed and validated by ADEME
(French Environment and Energy Management Agency), taking into account distance, weight and emission factors. The
calculation method used to estimate travel times is also explained.

Computerised vehicle routing and scheduling (CVRS) for efficient logistics


AUTHOR(S): Freight Best Practice Consortium, 2007, 44 p.
LANGUAGE: EN

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Freight Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

TYPE OF TOOL: Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool


TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | SMEs | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Evaluation | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances
This is a guidebook aimed at fleet operators. It aims to help organisations gain an understanding of, and move towards the use
of, computerised vehicle routing and scheduling (CVRS). CVRS can help to reduce operational costs by minimising resource
requirements i.e. the number of vehicles and drivers for a given workload. This improved efficiency of operation also reduces
the energy requirements of the fleet. In seven chapters, it covers the benefits, negative aspects and costs of CVRS. It also
provides a four phase implementation process as well as six case studies with different organisations. This guide describes
the different types of systems available with hints and tips on how to choose and implement a CVRS system successfully.

EMISTRA-Energy and environmental accounting and reporting system


AUTHOR(S): EMISTRA Consortium, 15 p.
LANGUAGE: FI
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Contract Model | Monitoring System
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | SMEs | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Monitoring | Procurement | Strategy Development
The Energy and Environmental Accounting and Reporting System (EMISTRA) is a tool to monitor the fuel consumption
and emissions of vehicles for van and lorry transport companies. By participating in the programme the companies
become members of the energy efficiency programme. The aim is to improve the energy efficiency of the participating
companies by 9 per cent over the period 2006 to 2016. The participating companies will receive additional points when
tendering for public procurement contracts.

Energiatehokkuuden ja ympäristönäkökohtien huomioon ottaminen


kuljetuspalvelujen hankinnoissa (=A guide for considering energy efficiency
and the environment in the public procurement of transport services)
AUTHOR(S): Liikenne ja viestintäministeriö, 2007, 8 p.
LANGUAGE: FI
TYPE OF TOOL: Contract Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Contracting | Energy consumption
A guide on how energy efficiency and environmental criteria can be incorporated into public procurement of transport
services. The guide helps those responsible for public procurement to design and assess tenders for transport services
in a way that takes energy efficiency into consideration. It suggests different approaches based on issues, such as
compulsory energy efficiency requirements, and lists the drawbacks and benefits of these. The guide suggests as
environmental criteria a company’s participation in energy saving programmes, such as EMISTRA and EC-Tools. The guide
also suggests to take into consideration other criteria, such as the EURO-norm, the use of Environmentally Enhanced
Vehicles and the level of a companies eco-driving schooling. The guide also includes examples of how to calculate and
assess differences between companies during the evaluation of the tenders.

Engine idling - guide for anti-idling campaigns


AUTHOR(S): Freight Best Practice Consortium, 2008, 10 p.
LANGUAGE: EN

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Transport

Freight
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Agencies | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
K E Y W O R D S: Awareness Raising | Energy consumption | Low Cost/ No Cost Measures
This is a guidebook aimed not only at fleet operators but also at the drivers themselves. It aims to raise awareness of
the financial and environmental cost of idling vehicles and to give advice on reducing idling. The document sets out a
plan for implementing an anti-idling campaign in a fleet operation. The case studies provide examples of success and
give specific figures of the decrease in carbon dioxide emissions. This guide provides an easy to follow strategy for fleet
managers wishing to organise an anti-idling campaign and raises environmental awareness.

Fleet Performance Management Tool incorporating CO2 Calculator


AUTHOR(S): Freight Best Practice Consortium, 2007, 43 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Evaluation System | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Industry | SMEs | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
K E Y W O R D S: CO2 emissions | Evaluation | Financing
This tool is targeted at businesses which operate a small or medium fleet of up to 25 vehicles. It aims to help truck
operators analyse efficiency and improve operations. The tool consists of a user-friendly spreadsheet for logging and
reporting essential fleet information, plus a manual explaining the system and introducing terms such as key performance
indicators (KPIs). As well as being easy to use, the tool delivers real cost savings. It has helped implement long term
improvements with cost savings of between 3% and 4% a month even for relatively small fleets.

Freight best practice fuel ready reckoner


AUTHOR(S): Freight Best Practice Consortium, p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Decision Support System | Evaluation System
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | SMEs | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
K E Y W O R D S: Behavioural Change measures | Energy consumption | Low Cost/ No Cost Measures
This is an online calculation tool, targeted primarily at transport operators, which enables the estimation of how much
fuel (and therefore money) could be saved for various different fuel saving techniques. There are 5 steps to the tool in
which fleet details are inserted, savings potentials viewed and finally, advice on implementation is provided. The tool is
web-based, requiring no additional software and takes around 10 minutes to use for the average fleet. There are over 4
million different combinations of interventions to try. It allows fleet managers to see the potential savings from different
implementations, saving money and decreasing harmful emissions.

Fuel management guide


AUTHOR(S): Freight Best Practice Consortium, 2006, 85 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | SMEs | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
K E Y W O R D S: Behavioural Change measures | Energy consumption | Strategy Development
This is a guidebook which aims to help fleet operators establish a Fuel Management Programme. A Fuel Management

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Freight Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

Programme has the effect of lowering costs, thus raising profits, whilst also reducing harmful emissions into the environment.
There are 6 main areas covered: fuel management; measuring and managing fuel performance; fuel types, purchase
and storage; fuel efficiency through developing skills; equipment and systems. The guide aims to be useful for fleet
operators who have a variety of different levels of experience and knowledge about fuel management. It provides detailed
information on the processes that need to be undertaken in order to successfully implement such a programme.

Fuel saving tips


AUTHOR(S): Freight Best Practice Consortium, 2006, 29 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Checklist | Guidelines | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Managers | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Energy consumption | Low Cost/ No Cost Measures | Strategy Development
This is a pocket booklet of tips, aimed at truck drivers and small-fleet operators. It was produced to provide them with guidelines
and tips to reduce their fuel consumption. It is divided into 10 sections including tips and information in areas, for example:
awareness of costs and vehicle specification. The guide largely focuses on cutting costs by reducing fuel consumption, using
statistics regarding profits from fuel savings as well as a template to fill in ones own fuel costs. It includes several checklists
for drivers to make sure they are minimising their fuel consumption. This guide provides drivers and fleet managers with all
the tips and guidelines they need regarding fuel consumption and makes it available in a pocket handbook.

GreenLabelsPurchase: Calculation Tool - Vehicles (Trucks)


AUTHOR(S): The Green Labels Purchase Consortium, 2006
LANGUAGE: DE | EN | HU
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Financing | Procurement
This calculation tool supports the purchaser in calculating life cycle costs and evaluating the most economical offer under
consideration of energy relevant criteria for trucks. The calculation tool is provided in Excel spreadsheet format. The inputted
data regards the emissions standard of the vehicle, weight, fuel consumption, purchasing price, miles per year etc. On the
basis of this data the spreadsheet produces a total life cycle cost of the vehicle. This tool allows purchasers to take into
account the financial benefits of lower operating costs of energy efficient trucks when making purchasing decisions.

Information technology for efficient road freight operations - Guidebook


AUTHOR(S): Freight Best Practice Consortium, 2006, 59 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Checklist | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities | SMEs | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Energy consumption | Low Cost/ No Cost Measures | Technologies/ Appliances
This guide is intended to help logistics and transport professionals better understand a range of different IT systems that can
be used within their operation, and offers practical advice to help them choose and implement a system. The guide describes
how IT solutions can improve the operating efficiency through more efficient routes, improved fuel efficiency etc. These
measures have many benefits including reduced energy use. It provides “do”s and “don’t”s regarding identifying the need,
selecting and monitoring the system. It then goes through the different types of systems available and summarises them in
a table. It allows fleet operators to compare systems and choose the correct one which meet their needs.

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Transport

Freight
Méthodologie pour un bilan environnemental physique du transport de
marchandises en ville. Consommation - émissions - qualité de l’air (=
Methodology for a physical environmental assessment of freight transport
in cities. Consumption - Emissions - Air quality)
AUTHOR(S): A. Albergel et al., 2006, 88 p.
LANGUAGE: FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Energy Audit Model | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: CO2 emissions | Planning | Strategy Development
This energy audit model is the third in the series under the programme “Freight in the city”, supported by ADEME (French
Environment and Energy Management Agency) and DRAST (Administration of Research and Scientifical and Technical
Affairs). It complements the quantitative approach of measuring trends resulting from urban logistics and their impact
on the environment. Based on 10 years research done within the framework of this programme, this model presents the
methodological framework for an assessment of the environmental impact of freight transport at an local urban level.
It helps to measure the respective responsibility of various types of urban traffic: freight transport, individual cars and
commuters. A thematic bibliography and a glossary are included.

Model for the comparison of infrastructure costs caused by use of different


transport modes
AUTHOR(S): A. V. Vasiliauskas, 2006, 4 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Decision Support System | Feasibility Model
TA R G E T P U B L I C : NGOs | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Evaluation | Low Cost/ No Cost Measures | Planning
The main aim of this tool is to propose a method for the comparison of infrastructure costs generated by different
transport modes. The calculation tool has been elaborated under the assumption that: “the greater the flow of vehicles
that go through a segment of infrastructure, the greater damage it causes and the greater the infrastructure costs are”.
Therefore the tool is aimed at finding a mathematical formula of the method which will allow calculation of infrastructure
costs generated by different transport alternatives. The mathematical description of the formulas is presented. It has
been made with certain assumptions such as: (1) Infrastructure costs do not depend on any other factor except freight
flow; (2) The money for transport network renovation provided annually by the government varies for different transport
modes; (3) The amount of money for renovation of certain transport link depends only on the flow of vehicles along this
link per year. Furthermore the mathematical method was tested by way of a comparative analysis of the railway and road
transport in Lithuania. Thanks to the formula the following results were obtained: the bigger the flow of vehicles, the
bigger the difference in infrastructure costs for railway and road transport, in favour of the railway transport. Performed
modelling and calculations proved that an alternative of combined transportation is acceptable (in the case of Lithuania)
because it really reduces infrastructure costs and decreases negative impacts of growing road transport. The calculation
tool provides a formula for calculating infrastructure costs and an example for practical application of this formula in the
case of Lithuania. There are detailed explanations of the above-mentioned formula so that it can be used or adapted for
analyses of the infrastructure costs in other countries.

Practical tips and advice on fuels saving devices


AUTHOR(S): Freight Best Practice Consortium, 2006, 24 p.
LANGUAGE: EN

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Freight Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidelines | Tips


TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | SMEs | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Energy consumption | Procurement | Technologies/ Appliances
This is a guide that targets fleet managers and aims to assist them in deciding which products (claiming to increase
efficiency or reduce energy consumption) are worthwhile. Each product type is explained in detail before a conclusion is
made as to how useful they are. It allows fleet managers to filter out the sales literature which can be overwhelming. The
guide aims to be full of practical tips to help separate the spurious from the genuine in fuel saving products. It also gives
advice on how to conduct proper tests, should you arrive at that stage.

SAFED for HGVs - A guide to safe and fuel efficient driving for HGVs
AUTHOR(S): Freight Best Practice Consortium, 2006, 38 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | SMEs | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Behavioural Change measures | Energy consumption | Training
This guidebook aims to outline the elements of Safe and Fuel Efficient Driving (SAFED). It is targeted towards energy
users and decision makers in industry, covering both the commercial and public sectors. The guidebook defines the
qualifications, skills and experience required by instructors intending to deliver the SAFED training programme to candidate
drivers and to explain the content of the one-day SAFED training course designed to improve the safe and fuel efficient
driving techniques of existing HGV drivers. It is split into three main sections: Background; Essential Core Information;
Training Programme and Assessment Material. The guidebook’s best practical use is the overview of the one day training
programme on pages 10-11 (with a more detailed programme on page 13). Together with the essential information, the
training programme forms a useful guidebook for any organisation or industry, wishing to increase fuel efficiency.

START - Freight transport recommendations from START peer-to-peer


workshops
AUTHOR(S): START Consortium, 2007, 27 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Contracting | Planning | Strategy Development
The START (Short Term Actions to Reorganise Transport of goods) project aims to make goods distribution in city centres
more sustainable and efficient. Complementary to the long-term planning of reducing need of transport, the START
project takes a short term approach and combines actions such as access restrictions, consolidation centres and
incentives. These guides present the recommendations and conclusions from two peer-to-peer conferences (Ljubljana,
Slovenia; and Riga, Latvia) on the efficient distribution of goods. They will be of interest to public authorities, transport
operators and planners, providing transferable advice on the logistics of freight delivery, particularly in historic city centres.
Recommendations are made, based on the experience of freight problems and strategies in Bristol (England), Göteburg
(Sweden), Ljubljana (Slovevia), Ravenna (Italy) and Riga (Latvia). The Riga conference proceedings outline actions for
the planning, implementation, operation and monitoring stages of policy-making. The Ljubljana conference proceedings
focused on regulation of freight deliveries, retailer consolidation schemes and the use of clean vehicles. The flows of
freight vehicles, their impact on the urban environment, the conflict between freight and public transport and the different
regulatory approaches are discussed. These recommendations aspire to assist planning and transport authorities through
knowledge transfer, enabling readers to overcome freight problems in their own cities.

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Transport

Freight
The fuel efficient truck drivers’ handbook
AUTHOR(S): Freight Best Practice Consortium, 2008, 21 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | SMEs | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: CO2 emissions | Energy consumption | Low Cost/ No Cost Measures
This pocket guide is targeted at truck drivers and aims to increase their awareness of their impact on fuel consumption
and give advice on actions that can be taken to decrease emissions, costs and improve safety. The handbook includes
facts about costs, emissions and safety as well as suggestions for improvement, tips regarding fuel consumption cover
areas such as choosing the correct gear, cruise control and idling. It also suggests taking part in a SAFED (safe and fuel
efficient driving) course to improve the skills covered in the guide.

Truck specification for best operational efficiency - A guide


AUTHOR(S): Freight Best Practice Consortium, 2007, 44 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | SMEs | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Behavioural Change measures | Energy consumption | Training
This is a guide targeting fleet managers, drivers and industries that aims to provide a step-by-step guide for producing
a fit-for-purpose specification as well as taking the reader through the key stages of a vehicle specification. The
document includes a mixture of background information and guidelines specific to fleet managers or drivers. It provides
comprehensible guidelines for creating and understanding vehicle specifications.

Učinkovita raba energije v cestnem tovornem in avtobusnem prometu


(=Energy efficiency in the road cargo transport and bus traffic)
AUTHOR(S): Miha Sitar ed. Hinko Šolinc ed., 2002, 54 p.
LANGUAGE: SL
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | SMEs | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Evaluation | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
The handbook “Energy efficiency in the road cargo transport and bus traffic” is based on the English original named “Fuel
Management Guide” which has been made by the company Freight Transport Association Ltd for the Energy Efficiency
Office within the United Kingdom Department of the Environment. The Slovenian edition has been expanded with the
data and examples relevant for Slovenia. The main target groups of this handbook are transport operators and energy
managers dealing with the efficiency of the transport operations. The aim of this handbook is to help its users deal with all
the impacts (energy, economy and environment) of the transport operations. The handbook is structured in 12 chapters.
The principal topics that are covered in the handbook are: (1) Efficient fuel management; (2) Measures for the improvement
of energy efficiency in road cargo transport and bus traffic. The handbook contains many useful practical examples for the
implementation of the efficient fuel management in small and medium size enterprises dealing with transport.

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Mobility Management
This section includes tools and guidebooks focusing on mobility management. More tools and guidebooks
can be found in the first level section on Transport or by using the advanced search to view a wider set of
results by target audience, keyword, type of tool, country or language.

Bougez autrement. Le guide de l’écomobilité (=Move another way! A guide


to eco-mobility)
AUTHOR(S): Ministère de l’environnement et du développement durable ed., 2005, 11 p.
LANGUAGE: FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Game | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Energy consumption
This booklet, developed for European Mobility Week 2005, is a public awareness raising tool targeting citizens, that
provides them with tips for improving their mobility. It covers a range of topics related to sustainable mobility including the
impact of transport on the greenhouse effect and climate change and the presentation of alternative modes of transport
for everyday life – to school, to work, in the city and rural areas, and public transport. It allows citizens to compare usual
transport modes and to test their knowledge on sustainable mobility through a “quiz game”.

COMPETENCE - Change management


AUTHOR(S): COMPETENCE Consortium, 2006, 38 p.
LANGUAGE: BG | DA | DE | EN | ES | FR | IT | LT | PT | SL | SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Managers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Behavioural Change measures | Training
The Competence project aims to strengthen the knowledge of local management agencies in the transport field. This
training material aims to motivate and energise, with the goal of facilitating attitudinal change and ultimately, behavioural
change. It is aimed at public authorities, energy agencies, NGOs and any other environmental organisation wishing
to motivate its staff to, in turn, motivate the public to change environmentally negative behaviour (either directly, or
through planning and strategy development). It provides insight into the drivers and triggers for change in public services
and agencies towards more environmentally-friendly behaviour, with a particular focus on the field of transport and
energy. It discusses the psychology of change and presents a step-by-step plan that managers can follow in order to
trigger behavioural change. Two case studies of change management are included: one in a Western-European public
administration environment (Flanders, Belgium) and one in a potential EU Member setting (United Nations Administered
Kosovo, South-East Europe). The PowerPoint slides can be used in presentations to staff, after the presenter has informed
his/herself by reading the accompanying reference manual explaining the topics in more detail. As the slideshow is
editable, it can be adapted to suit users’ needs.

COMPETENCE - Fundamentals on transport and energy


AUTHOR(S): COMPETENCE Consortium, 2006, 462 p.
LANGUAGE: BG | DA | DE | EN | ES | IT | LT | PT | SL
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Tips | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe

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K E Y W O R D S: Awareness Raising | Strategy Development | Training
The Competence project aims to strengthen the knowledge of local management agencies in the transport field. This
compendium of training material is aimed at public authorities, transport officials and energy agencies. It covers: key
indicators, definitions and principles of mobility; patterns of behaviour, including a multi-stage behavioural model; the
frame conditions and impacts of transport in terms of energy, emissions and pollutants, noise, costs, safety, space
requirements, settlement structures and developments. Although there is a section dedicated to social impacts, it is far
from comprehensive, containing only one short paragraph and a bar chart. This well-illustrated training material provides
a basis for training and awareness raising, but to gain a fuller picture it may be advisable to carry out a little further
research, particularly on the social impacts of transport and mobility. The training material is available in guidebook form
in English and Spanish, and as a set of PowerPoint presentation slides in English, Spanish, Bulgarian, Lithuanian, Danish,
Swedish, Slovenian, German, Italian and Portuguese.

COMPETENCE - Public participation


AUTHOR(S): COMPETENCE Consortium, 2006, 92 p.
LANGUAGE: BG | DA | DE | EN | ES | FR | IT | LT | PT | SL | SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Tips | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Awareness Raising | Behavioural Change measures | Training
The Competence project aims to strengthen the knowledge of local management agencies in the transport field. This
presentation is aimed at public authorities and NGOs. It aims to inform its audience on public participation processes:
discussing the concepts behind it, how it should be addressed, how to plan it and the rules that should be adhered to. It is
based upon the core message that citizen participation is essential for the development and implementation of sustainable
policies and instruments for the improvement of environmental, social and economic performance of local communities.
Examples are given of the development process of the Local Agenda 21, which integrated its diverse initiatives into a
common framework for ongoing community dialogue and change. It aims to achieve a sustainable, liveable future, with
strong resident participation in the formulation of priorities and strategies, and improved municipal governance. It enables
authorities to design successful public participation programmes that fit their specific needs.

COMPETENCE - Telematics for energy efficient transport


AUTHOR(S): COMPETENCE Consortium, 2006, 16 p.
LANGUAGE: BG | DE | EN | ES | IT | PT | SL | SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Evaluation | Planning | Training
The Competence project aims to strengthen the knowledge of local management agencies in the transport field. This
training material aims to inform local authorities and transport officials, and accelerate the uptake of EU research results in
the field of local and regional transport planning. It describes the concept of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS): explaining
their use and detailing their real-life applications, such as incident detection, variable speed limits, ramp and traffic signal
control, parking management, multimodal trip planning, public transport payment and several others. The material is
well illustrated with examples and is a useful tool for training and planning. It will also help decision makers to critically
evaluate the current systems and to maximise the value from investment in ITS.

COMPETENCE-ECO-driving: energy efficient driving style and in-car devices


AUTHOR(S): COMPETENCE Consortium eAtomium Consortium, 2006, 38 p.
LANGUAGE: BG | DA | DE | EN | ES | FR | IT | LT | PT | SL | SV

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TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines | Tips | Training Material


TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Behavioural Change measures | Low Cost/ No Cost Measures | Training
The Competence project aims to strengthen the knowledge of local management agencies in the transport field. This
training material is aimed at public authorities, transport operators and any other decision makers who advocate more
environmentally-friendly and cost-effective driving. It explains the concept of eco-driving; highlights the advantages;
gives a technical background; and describes the environmental, economic and personal benefits. It goes on address the
‘how’ of eco-driving in the provision of clear practical tips, and advises on dissemination of such knowledge, for example,
how to set up national or regional awareness raising programmes and training courses. Information on the monitoring
and evaluation of CO2 emissions is also provided. This is a valuable resource on a little-known topic, informing decision
makers and enabling them to design successful campaigns for awareness raising and behavioural change.

COMPETENCE-Training materials on mobility management and travel


awareness
AUTHOR(S): COMPETENCE Consortium, 2006, 177 p.
LANGUAGE: BG | DA | DE | EN | ES | FR | IT | LT | PT | SL | SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Trainers/ Teachers | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Strategy Development | Training
The Competence project aims to strengthen the knowledge of local management agencies in the transport field. This
training material addresses different aspects of mobility management and travel awareness. It includes presentations
on mobility management and health, public transport and fitness, mobility management in schools, case studies on
mobility centres and travel awareness campaigns. It is aimed at public authorities, campaign managers and transport
operators and deals mainly with ‘soft policies’ such as organisational measures, information and publicity and motivation
campaigns. The reference manual aims to assist the presenter’s understanding of the subjects, ensuring their knowledge
is up to date and increasing their confidence at presenting. This is a practical set of training material aimed at raising
awareness and helping with strategy development.

COMPETENCE-Training materials on pricing and parking space


management
AUTHOR(S): COMPETENCE Consortium, 2006, 210 p.
LANGUAGE: BG | DA | DE | EN | ES | FR | IT | LT | PT | SL | SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Evaluation | Planning | Training
The Competence project aims to strengthen the knowledge of local management agencies in the transport field. These training
materials aim to provide information and inspiration on pricing, congestion charging and parking space management for public
authorities, transport officials and planners. There are two main presentations: ‘Parking pricing and management’ and ‘Congestion
charging and pricing’. The former addresses the basic concepts of parking, compares on-street parking prices in different EU
countries and gives examples of parking price changes and zoning in town centres. It goes on to cover parking and economic
development and looks at the relationship between parking, planning and transport objectives. The second item addresses
serious problems which can be alleviated by the introduction of congestion charging, such as: congestion, economic losses, air
pollution, shortage of parking spaces and an unfriendly urban environment. It acknowledges the difficulties of introducing such a
system and gives real-life examples from several cities - Singapore, Trondheim, London, Stockholm. This is a valuable resource
that provides practical advice on controversial topics, enabling policy makers to make better informed decisions.

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Drive power - the art of eco-driving
AUTHOR(S): Vägverket - Swedish Road Administration, 2008, 12 p.
LANGUAGE: EN | SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Public Authorities | SMEs
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Behavioural Change measures | Strategy Development
For this guide the Swedish Road Administration has gathered data from various companies and organisations that have
already started to implement initiatives to encourage eco-driving. Based on these the guide lists measures required to
achieve an ECO-Driving platform. These include the appointment of a fuel monitor, establishment of control groups,
monitoring changes, setting goals and measuring consumption. The guide also lists a number of other measures that
have an impact on fuel consumption. In addition, it describes ways of involving drivers in these kinds of schemes.

eATOMIUM - Mobility management: training material


AUTHOR(S): e-ATOMIUM Consortium, 2006, 44 p.
LANGUAGE: EN | IT | NL
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Public Authorities | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Planning | Strategy Development | Training
The e-Atomium project aims to strengthen the knowledge of managing agencies in the field of local and regional transport,
and in so doing accelerate the uptake of EU research results in this area. This mobility management training material is aimed
at public authorities and actors in the transport sector. The main training manual addresses the following topics: What is
mobility management?; Links with EU policies; Objectives and concepts; Monitoring and evaluation. It includes case studies
of mobility management, mobility centres, a toolbox for mobility management measures in companies and the ‘smash events’
project. Unusually, it also includes exercises and tasks for self-study: Software orientated measures; Design a mobility plan for
a company; and Design a mobility plan for a school. The accompanying manual on Tourism, Company and School travel plans
presents more specific details on these areas, explaining the practical implementation and presenting examples of existing
schemes from various European countries. The school section is particularly detailed. This is a useful resource for educating
managers and their staff, enabling them to design, implement and sustain successful mobility management schemes.

eATOMIUM-Awareness raising & communication campaigns: training


manual
AUTHOR(S): eATOMIUM Consortium, 2006, 55 p.
LANGUAGE: EN | IT
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Public Authorities | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Behavioural Change measures | Strategy Development | Training
The e-Atomium project aims to strengthen the knowledge of managing agencies in the field of local and regional transport.
This manual informs public authorities and transport actors on how to create successful communication campaigns to
promote mobility management and increase alternative methods of travel. The manual provides a theoretical background
to campaigns (structure, communication strategies and key elements), then goes on to discuss four specific topics:
Target group dedicated communication (arguments & toolbox on the challenges of transport and mobility); Eco-driving;
Topic related communication; and Organisation of an awareness raising event (for example, mobility week). This manual
enables decision makers and planners to design, implement and evaluate successful awareness raising campaigns.

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eATOMIUM-Demand management: training manual


AUTHOR(S): eATOMIUM Consortium, 2006, 66 p.
LANGUAGE: EN | IT | NL
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Managers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Planning | Strategy Development | Training
The e-Atomium project aims to strengthen the knowledge of managing agencies in the field of local and regional transport.
This is a training manual on demand management. The manual covers the following topics: what is demand management?;
road pricing schemes; access management and vehicle restrictions; and car-free cities and town planning. In these
sections, the guide describes the topics’ significance, policy context, impacts and benefits, implementation, lessons
learned and concludes with case study examples. A glossary explains all the key terms, so readers need have little or no
prior knowledge on the subject to use this manual. Appendix one gives a succinct overview and classification of different
demand management strategies, while Appendix two lists EU projects dealing with pricing, including project websites.
This is a valuable resource for increasing decision makers’ and planners’ knowledge and expertise in the transport sector,
enabling them to better manage current levels of transport use.

eATOMIUM-How to get started - Local Authorities: a practical support for


local authorities
AUTHOR(S): eATOMIUM Consortium, 2007, 14 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Game | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Managers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Planning | Strategy Development | Training
The e-Atomium project aims to strengthen the knowledge of managing agencies in the field of local and regional
transport. This manual is aimed at local authorities and energy agencies. It aims to motivate them to actively participate
in the rapidly evolving field of transport and mobility, and particularly to educate them of the cooperation difficulties
between transport and environment departments in terms of meeting transport needs while adhering to acceptable
environmental standards and targets. It describes how to build a ‘business case’ for mobility and transport, aiming to
balance ‘the three P’s – People, Planet and Profit’. Ultimately it is not only about achieving a precarious compromise
between these considerations, but successfully promoting each as far as is possible without jeopardising another. The
manual also describes a role-playing game on air quality to facilitate understanding of the different stakeholder groups.
A useful resource, enabling local authorities to better understand and resolve the possible conflicts between objectives
and departments.

Handbok I bilsnål samhällsplanering (=Guide on reduced car use through


land use planning)
AUTHOR(S): Lund Municipality, 2005, 131 p.
LANGUAGE: SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Planners/Builders | Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Behavioural Change measures | Planning
This guide provides information on how to reduce car use through land use planning measures. The guide includes details
of a wide range of measures intended for planners, politicians, architects and local authorities. Examples of measures

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include the the long-term planning of public transport, prioritisation of local shops in planning, and reducing the number
of car spaces when planning new office or residential areas. The guide does not specifically address energy efficiency,
but the measures included may bring about energy efficiency benefits.

Ideeënboek (= Book of ideas)


AUTHOR(S): Ministerie van de Vlaamse Gemeenschap - Departement Leefmilieu en Infrastructuur Mobil-
iteitscel ed., 2005, 140 p.
LANGUAGE: NL
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Industry | SMEs
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Behavioural Change measures | Low Cost/ No Cost Measures
This handbook targets entrepreneurs and the business sector to encourage sustainable mobility. It aims to raise their
awareness on how beneficial alternatives to the car can be not only for the environment but also financially. In the
framework of new rules agreed in the social dialogue, specific attention is given to commuting from home to work. This
handbook gives practical ideas and tips to implement a sustainable approach to mobility, suggesting concrete, feasible
transport measures with a compilation of 32 of the most sustainable ideas for transport alternatives. The measures are
designed to be easy to implement at a company level. A pictogram system allows the reader to find information relevant to
their situation very quickly. Themes are organised along 6 axes: information and awareness raising, encouraging cycling
and motor-cycling, overview on collective transport, encouraging car-sharing, and reducing travel (by teleworking for
example). Targeted audiences also have a pictogram: large companies, SMEs, and so on.

MIDAS - Training Resource Pack


AUTHOR(S): MIDAS Consortium, 2008, 47 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Public Authorities | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Training
This is a training package encouraging public authorities and city planners to use “soft measures”, such as the promotion
and provision of information to increase levels of walking, cycling, car sharing, use of public transport and to encourage
a reduction in the use of the private cars in their cities. It provides target audiences with blueprint models to carry out
dissemination and planning activities such as education and awareness; participation and consultation; information,
advice and marketing; planning and coordination. It also covers associated measures (i.e. cycling facilities, lift-sharing
facilities, public transport information systems and car clubs facilities). Measures to Influence transport Demand to
Achieve Sustainability (MIDAS) provides large amounts of information and ideas as supported throughout by examples of
previous success in cities in Ireland, Italy, UK, Denmark, Romania and France.

Modelling as a means of solving the problem of city traffic optimisation


AUTHOR(S): Nadezda Kolmakova et al.,2006, 9 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Planning Tool | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Planners/Builders | Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Private
KEYWORDS: CO2 emissions | Evaluation | Planning
The tool reviews and compares the most popular simulation software products (AIMSUN, PARAMICS and VISSIM) for

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city traffic modelling at the micro-level. The simulation tool lists the features of the modern simulation packages of
traffic at the micro-level. It allows practitioners to compare the packages according to various indexes, describing these
features. In particular, it provides a detailed example of the use of one of these products – VISSIM 4.0 – for improving
the transport intensity of one of Riga’s Transport Nodes. The problem of city traffic modelling and relating software for
its management is reviewed on the basis of the following features: (1) Application area of the software products; (2) The
level of transport system detailed elaboration; (3) Description of vehicle specifications; (4) Supporting the interface with
other simulation tools and the capability of creating reports and presentations. Several groups of criteria have been used
for the comparative analysis of the above-mentioned features: the transport telematics indices; the indices characterizing
the capability of simulating special features of TS; and the list of measured indices. As an example illustrating the VISSIM
package potential for traffic modelling, the model of the complex Riga’s Transport Node (TN) was used. The main tasks
of modelling were: choosing the optimal movement organization in the junction and the estimation of capacity for each
version of movement, signal heads work optimization and the actions (measures) analysis on cargo transport traffic
simplification. The advantages of the TN reconstruction and the results of the model execution within two different
structures were analyzed. The presented case study proves to be successful and the model is easy to use for complex
transport situations with a high degree of detail, therefore the model is an approximation of reality at maximum.

PROSPECTS-A Decision Maker’s Guidebook. Methodological Guidebook


AUTHOR(S): Anthony May et al., 2005, 54 p.
LANGUAGE: DE | EN | ES | FR | IT | SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU RTD 2002-2006
KEYWORDS: Monitoring | Planning
This decision makers guidebook aims to help all those involved in decisions on land use and transport in cities throughout
Europe whether as politicians, advisers, stakeholders, or individual citizens. This guidebook is a revised version of the
guidebook published in 2003, based on the work of the PROSPECTS project (Procedures for Recommending Sustainable
Planning of European City Transport Systems), a project funded under the European Commission’s Environment and
Sustainable Development Programme. Some of the challenges which cities face are highlighted in this guidebook and
a structured approach to tackling these challenges is suggested. At each stage it focuses on 2 questions: why an issue
is important and what the options for tackling it are. This guidebook is supported by two others, a Methodological
Guidebook, which explains how a particular option can be implemented, and a Policy Guidebook, which explains
how particular policy instruments work. Whereas the Decision-Makers Guidebook provides politicians, senior officials,
and the public with advice on planning and decision-making for a sustainable urban land use/transport system, the
Methodological Guidebook is designed for planning professionals but is considerably more detailed on issues such as
formulating objectives, defining indicators, setting targets, and formulating strategies. The Policy Guidebook is online
and provides detailed information on the available policy instruments and their effects. This Decision-Makers Guidebook
provides details on issues such as the decision-making context, approaches to decision-making, the identification of
problems now and in the future, public participation, as well as implementation and monitoring.

PROSPECTS-Initial Assessment of Policies


AUTHOR(S): Tony May Bryan Matthews, 2001, 63 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU RTD 2002-2006
KEYWORDS: Behavioural Change measures | Planning
These guidelines are the fourth deliverable of PROSPECTS (Procedures for Recommending Sustainable Planning of
European City Transport Systems), a project funded under the European Commission’s Environment and Sustainable
Development Programme and designed to provide cities with the guidance they need for optimal land use and transport
strategies to meet the challenge of sustainability. These guidelines present procedures for recommending sustainable

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planning of European city transport systems. Transport planners have available to them a wide range of transport policy
instruments. These are the means by which policy objectives can be achieved, and problems identified overcome. The six
key policy objectives are economic efficiency; livable streets and neighbourhoods; protection of the environment; equity
and social inclusion; safety and severity of traffic accidents; and contribution to economic growth; all of which contribute
to the main objective of sustainability. These guidelines consider them under the headings of land use measures (Section
2); attitudinal and behavioral measure assessors (Section 3); infrastructure provision (Section 4); management of the
infrastructure (Section 5); information provision (Section 6) and pricing (Section 7). A final section (Section 8) considers
the ways in which policy instruments might most effectively be integrated into a coherent strategy. A series of tables are
also presented in each section which summarise the impact of each measure on each objective. Where relevant they
consider, under these headings, measures to influence car use; measures to influence public transport use; provision for
cyclists and pedestrians; and provision for freight. These guidelines provide a brief summary on each of the 66 main types
of instrument available, and provide references to useful sources.

PTT: guía práctica para la elaboración e implantación de planes de


transporte alcentro de trabajo (=Practical guide on the implemetation and
design of home-work transport plans)
AUTHOR(S): Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía (IDAE), Ministerio de Industria, Tur-
ismo y Comercio/ Agencia Andaluza de la Energía, 2006, 112 p.
LANGUAGE: ES
TYPE OF TOOL: Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Agencies | Energy Managers
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: KEYWORDS: Behavioural Change measures | Evaluation | Planning
This practical guide for the elaboration and implementation of transport plans to work presents a cost analysis of the adoption
of transport plans for employees, companies and the general public. It defines the legal and policy framework, presents the
key elements that should be included on a home-work transport plan, and establishes measures that could be implemented.
These include: public or company transportation, carpooling, car sharing, parking regulations, ecodriving, alternative transport
(on foot, bicycle, etc), teleworking, or alternate working hours. This guide presents a step by step approach to implement a
transport plan to the workplace and presents several case studies from Spain, Sweden, and the Netherlands.

SMILE - Local experiences database


AUTHOR(S): SMILE Project
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU LIFE
KEYWORDS: Behavioural Change measures | Planning
This good practice search engine on sustainable urban mobility has 170 successful and replicable practices in its “local
experiences” database. It contains good practice examples in the following areas: integrated approach / urban transport
plans, mobility advice & campaigns, urban planning, responsible car use / mobillity plans, public transport, cycling,
walking / pedestrians, intermodality, traffic calming / living streets, parking, and goods delivery. The good practices have
a common structure: summary description, title, initiator(s) and partners, objectives, duration, target group(s), financial
aspects, obtained and/or expected results, future plans, useful information and contact. The database is a tool for local
authorities to find in-depth information and exchange their experience and know-how on good practices in sustainable
urban transport policies and initiatives.

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SMILE - Towards Sustainable Urban Transport Policies: Recommendations


to Local Authorities
AUTHOR(S): Agence de l Environnement et de la Maitrise de l Energie (ADEME) et al, 2004, 68 p.
LANGUAGE: EN | ES
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Planners/Builders | Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU LIFE
KEYWORDS: Behavioural Change measures | CO2 emissions
This guide aims to reconcile citizens’ mobility needs with quality of life and the environment and to help local authorities
cope with this challenge by presenting good practices and introducing innovative approaches on a permanent basis. It
provides recommendations for local authorities on sustainable urban transport policies in the following three main areas:
(1) Planning and management (integrated approach / urban transport plans, urban planning, mobility plans, parking,
urban goods delivery); (2) Transport modes (responsible car use, public transport, cycling, walking / pedestrians); (3)
Transversal approaches (mobility advice & campaigns, traffic calming / living streets, considering the needs of specific
target groups, noise abatement planning for road traffic). The thirteen fields for which recommendations have been
prepared cover the main topics of urban mobility. In order to make the recommendations more readable, they are grouped
in three main sections. All of the recommendations are presented under a common framework: introduction to the field
and presentation of the recommendations under five main topics. The guide also presents 170 successful and replicable
practices for sustainable urban mobility in its local experiences database. In general, the guide should be considered as
a tool that can help facilitate the replication of these practices and enable development of a successful sustainable urban
transport policy.

SUMO-System för utvärdering av mobilitetsprojekt (= SUMO-A tool for


evaluating mobility service projects)
AUTHOR(S): Pernilla Hyllenius et al., 2004, 51 p.
LANGUAGE: SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Evaluation System | Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Planners/Builders | Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Evaluation | Planning | Strategy Development
SUMO is a tool for land use planners and transport operators to assess mobility projects. It uses indicators, goals and
results on different levels to enable the evaluation of mobility projects. The main stages of a project to be assessed are
its background, the services provided, acceptance of these services and finally, the impact of the services. The tool is
equally useful for smaller areas and large cities.

TREATISE-Ecodriving
AUTHOR(S): SenterNovem, 2005, 20 p.
LANGUAGE: DE | EL | EN | ES | FI | FR | NL
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Behavioural Change measures | Training
The Treatise project provides free training on sustainable transport subjects, primarily for energy and transport professionals.
This reference manual is concerned with the principles and techniques of ‘ecodriving’: an approach to driving that aims
to reduce fuel consumption, greenhouse gas emissions and accident rates. It involves driving in a style suited to modern
engine technology: ‘smart, smooth and safe’ driving techniques that lead to average fuel savings of 5-10%. In addition

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Mobility Management
to promoting more fuel-efficient driving techniques, other subjects are addressed in this report including fuel saving in-
car devices; removing roof-racks and roof-boxes when not in use; using air conditioning sparingly and checking tyre
pressures frequently. It provides a basis of understanding for decision makers, enabling them to design campaigns to
promote ecodriving by the public.

TREATISE-Mobility management
AUTHOR(S): The Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy (IDAE), Madrid, 2005, 46 p.
LANGUAGE: DE | EL | EN | ES | FI | FR | NL
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Awareness Raising | Behavioural Change measures | Strategy Development
The Treatise project provides free training on sustainable transport subjects, primarily for energy and transport professionals.
This reference manual provides an introduction to ‘mobility management’ (MM) and travel awareness. It gives examples of
situations where MM measures can be applied (schools, workplaces, tourist hotspots, hospitals, one-off or regular events,
and town and city centres), outlines key success factors and provides case studies. This resource provides a good basis
of understanding for decision makers on a lesser-known topic, enabling them to design successful MM schemes.

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Other Transport Related Tools


and Guidebooks
Center for Clean Air Policy Transportation guidebook and emissions
calculator
AUTHOR(S): Center for Clean Air Policy, 2007
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: CO2 emissions | Energy consumption | Planning
The purpose of this guidebook is to engage state and local officials (US public authorities) in understanding the extent
to which transport policy decisions impact on air pollution, energy use, and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This
guidebook provides basic ‘rules of thumb’ (guidelines) to calculate emissions reductions from the implementation of
specific transportation and land use policies. The guidebook is divided into two parts: Land use, Transit and Travel Demand
Management; and Vehicle technology and Fuels. Each part has an accompanying policy brief including a qualitative
description and a quantitative analysis. The guidebook is a unique tool that consists of a user-friendly spreadsheet tool,
or Guidebook Emissions Calculator, which enables users to quantify the emissions benefits from a variety of projects and
policies, a series of policy briefs, and a technical appendix. The emissions calculator consists of individual worksheets for
all of the quantified policy briefs, a summary matrix table across measures, and documentation of emission factors used.
The calculator presents an order of magnitude sense of potential emissions reductions. The shaded cells represent the
areas typically adjusted by users, but all assumptions can be changed.

COMPETENCE - EU programmes and EU policies


AUTHOR(S): Vicky Argyraki, 2006, 105 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Financing | Planning | Strategy Development
The Competence project aims to strengthen the knowledge of local management agencies in the transport field. This
document gives an overview of the European policies related to urban transport that set the framework for further action
on a national, regional and local level. Aimed at public authorities and decision makers in the transport sector, this guide
seeks to inform policy decisions, placing them in context of European legislation. The following topics are discussed: Green
Papers, which are published by the EC on a specific policy area; White Papers, which follow very often a Green Paper
and contain official sets of proposals for Community action in specific policy areas; EU funding initiatives, including the
CONCERTO and CIVITAS programmes, to which project proposals may be submitted for funding and support. Although
in the form of a PDF (portable document format), this material was originally a slideshow presentation. It could form the
basis for a presentation to others, or be used solely by the reader for their own knowledge expansion. Depending on the
prior knowledge of the reader, wider reading may be needed to fully understand all topics, as no additional explanatory
manual accompanies the slides. This guide provides an overview of EU policy and programmes related to transport
issues, enabling lower level policy makers to choose the appropriate course of action for their constituency, in line with
European direction.

COMPETENCE - Information platforms


AUTHOR(S): COMPETENCE Consortium, 2006, 13 p.

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LANGUAGE: EN | ES
TYPE OF TOOL: Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Financing | Planning | Strategy Development
The Competence project aims to strengthen the knowledge of local management agencies in the transport field. This
document provides descriptions of, contact information for, and online links to useful European Commission networks,
best practise databases, and information portals. It is a compact resource for project results, call texts and best practice
case studies, providing a valuable resource for public authorities, NGOs and decision makers in the transport sector.
Entries are grouped thematically by: general transport information, EU-related subjects, networks, education and training,
best practice collections, mobility management, public transport, land use and others. Please note that both the Spanish
and the English versions provide the same information; it is not tailored to individual countries. The English version is
available as both a PDF (portable document format) file and an MSWord document, the latter of which allows editing
should the user wish to customise it by adding entries or comments, to keep it up to date or make it more relevant to
their needs.

COMPETENCE - Preparation and submission of proposal


AUTHOR(S): COMPETENCE Consortium, 2006, 18 p.
LANGUAGE: BG | DA | EN | ES | FR | IT | LT | PT | SL | SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Checklist | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Financial Operators | NGOs | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Evaluation | Planning | Training
The Competence project aims to strengthen the knowledge of local management agencies in the transport field. This
training material aims to support public authorities and smaller, less experienced organisations through the process
of collaboration with other parties for participation in European transport and energy programmes and projects. The
presentation provides a step-by-step description of the preparation process and submission of proposals for tender.
It also covers: negotiations, project work, forming a consortium, the risks involved and the process of defining work
packages. The presentation also provides a checklist of issues to consider to ensure a quality proposal and a time
schedule for preparing the proposal. The slideshow provides a concise overview of the issues, but inexperienced
readers may need to do little further reading on the topic in order to fully benefit from the starting point the presentation
gives, especially if they wish to present the material to an audience, as no explanatory manual accompanies the
slideshow.

COMPETENCE-Energy efficiency in streetlighting & transport infrastructure


AUTHOR(S): COMPETENCE Consortium, 2006, 27 p.
LANGUAGE: BG | DA | DE | EN | ES | FR | IT | LT | PT | SL | SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Lighting | Planning | Training
The Competence project aims to strengthen the knowledge of local management agencies in the transport field. This
training material aims to inform energy agencies and public authorities about energy efficiency in streetlighting and
transport infrastructure. It covers the main elements contributing to significant energy use in transport infrastructure,
such as street lighting, traffic signals, Christmas lighting, general outdoor lighting and pay and display parking meters. It
describes technologies and measures to improve efficiency, shows results gained and provides examples. This material
is a valuable training aid, facilitating strategic planning with the end-goal of increasing energy efficiency.

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Driving cost
AUTHOR(S): Energy Agency in Iceland, 1 p.
LANGUAGE: EN | IS
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Calculation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | CO2 emissions | Evaluation
This webtool is a calculator that can be used to determine the costs, in terms of financial cost and CO2 emissions, of city
driving or long distance driving. For city driving, it is necessary to select the type of vehicle and distance of the trip. The
outcome is based on fuel consumption values for city driving. For long distance driving, the costs of trips between major
cities in Europe can be determined. This outcome is based on highway values.

Eco n‘Home - Advice on sustainable transport for households


AUTHOR(S): Eco n‘Home Consortium, 2007, 2 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Agencies | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y WO R D S : Behavioural Change measures | Energy consumption | Low Cost/ No Cost Measures
The Eco n’Home project aims to develop advice for households on sustainable energy use in their dwellings and travel.
It focuses on individual circumstances, offering personal energy audits and tailored advisory action plans. This factsheet
provides examples of advice given to householders about sustainable transport. It is aimed at energy agencies and local
authorities wishing to reduce the residential energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions of their locality. The
factsheet advises on reducing dependency on car travel by increasing use of public transport, cycling and walking. It
also provides recommendations on ‘eco-driving’ measures to increase the efficiency of fuel consumption. This factsheet
presents a blueprint for energy agencies wishing to provide similar information to householders as part of domestic
energy consumption reduction campaigns.

Energiatehokkuuden ja ympäristönäkökohtien huomioon ottaminen


kuljetuspalvelujen hankinnoissa (=A guide for considering energy efficiency
and the environment in the public procurement of transport services)
AUTHOR(S): Liikenne ja Viestintäministeriö, 2007, 8 p.
LANGUAGE: FI
TYPE OF TOOL: Contract Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities | SMEs | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
K E Y WO R D S : Contracting | Energy consumption | Procurement
This guide explains how energy efficiency and environmental criteria can be incorporated into the public procurement of
transport services. The guide helps those responsible for public procurement to design and assess tenders for transport
services in a way that takes energy efficiency into consideration. It suggests different approaches, such as compulsory
energy efficiency requirements, and lists the drawbacks and benefits of these approaches. The guide suggests that
participation of a company in energy saving programmes can be used as an environmental criterion for procurement.
It also suggests taking into consideration other criteria, such as the EURO-norm, the use of environmentally enhanced
vehicles and the level of a company’s training in eco-driving. The guide also includes examples of how to calculate and
assess differences between companies during the evaluation of tenders.

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FEEDU-Educational resources part 1
AUTHOR(S): FEEDU Consortium
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Game | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | NGOs | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Energy consumption | Training
The educational tools on energy and mobility issues are one of the direct outcomes of the FEEDU project. A sort of 40
tools, including information cards and books, science fair projects, games and activity books are now available online to
help increase teachers, pupils and parents awareness on these topics. These tools represent an easy and appealing way
to get children discussing about energy topics. In this entry we provide 20 tools (Part 1), part 2 is available in this e-library
named ‘FEEDU-Educational resources part 2’.

FEEDU-Educational resources part 2


AUTHOR(S): FEEDU Consortium
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Game | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Energy consumption | Training
The educational tools on energy and mobility issues are one of the direct outcomes of the FEEDU project. A sort of 40
tools, including information cards and books, science fair projects, games and activity books are now available online to
help increase teachers, pupils and parents awareness on these topics. These tools represent an easy and appealing way
to get children discussing about energy topics. In this entry we provide 20 tools, other tools are available in this e-library
named ‘FEEDU-Educational resources part 1’.

FreeWay - PORTALE FREEWAY


AUTHOR(S): Portale Freeway Consortium, 2007
LANGUAGE: IT
TYPE OF TOOL: Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU LIFE
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | CO2 emissions | Planning
The Italian “Portale Freeway” is a simulation tool that enables users to check the traffic and pollution conditions online
at any given time and to choose a different route if necessary. They can log on to the website, enter the traffic levels and
the concentration levels of pollutants in the atmosphere will be estimated while a special software takes into account
the weather conditions. Traffic management strategies need a high and continuing degree of political, institutional, and
human resource commitment to ensure that the benefits are sustained, therefore dissemination activities play a key
role. The establishment of traffic management units with appropriate authority and ability to plan and implement traffic
management measures is essential.

Great Savings every Kilometre - Tips on how to stretch your fuel tank
AUTHOR(S): Vägverket - Swedish Road Administration, 2008, 2 p.
LANGUAGE: EN | SV

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TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines | Tips


TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Behavioural Change measures
This is a short guide on how to reduce fuel consumption. The guide lists six ways to reduce fuel consumption, along
with five ways to achieve fuel efficient driving. Measures include the importance of right tyre pressure and advice on fuel
saving gear usage.

LIISA 2006
AUTHOR(S): Kari Mäkelä, 2006, 2 p.
LANGUAGE: EN | FI
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Planning Tool | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: CO2 emissions | Energy consumption | Monitoring
The LIISA 2006 software tool calculates exhaust gas emissions for municipalities, provinces and the whole of Finland.
The software is also able to calculate the emissions and fuel consumption for the base year 2006 and forecasts up to
the year 2026. The system is primarily meant for the use of the Ministry of Transport and Communications and Statistics
Finland and Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT). The tool is a sub-model of LIPASTO, which covers all traffic
modes. The software can be used for estimating the effects of various factors on emissions. The results from the system
can be utilised in traffic policy decisions and in the environmental studies of municipalities and provinces. The software
can also be used to study the effects of various development scenarios on emissions. In special cases, areas smaller
than municipalities can also be studied.

MOBILE6 vehicle emission modelling software


AUTHOR(S): US Environmental Protection Agency, 2002
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Planning Tool | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: CO2 emissions | Evaluation | Monitoring
MOBILE6 is a software application that provides estimates of current and future emissions from road motor vehicles
dating back to 1978. The tool is an emission factor model for predicting gram per mile emissions of Hydrocarbons (HC),
Carbon Monoxide (CO), Nitrogen Oxides (NOx), Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Particulate Matter (PM), and other toxic emissions
from cars, trucks and motorcycles under various conditions. The emission estimates produced by the model depend on
various conditions, such as ambient temperatures, travel speeds, operating modes, fuel volatility, and mileage accrual
rates. Many of the variables affecting vehicle emissions can be specified by the user. MOBILE6 calculates emission factors
for 28 individual vehicle types in low and high-altitude regions of the United States. The tool will estimate emission factors
for any calendar year between 1952 and 2050 inclusive. Vehicles from the 25 most recent model years are considered to
be in operation in each calendar year.

PROPOLIS-Planning and Research of Policies for Land Use and Transport


for Increasing Urban Sustainability: Final Report
AUTHOR(S): Kari Lautso et al., 2004, 369 p.
LANGUAGE: EN

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TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU RTD 2002-2006
KEYWORDS: Planning
The objective of the project PROPOLIS was to research, develop and test integrated land use and transport policies, tools
and comprehensive assessment methodologies to discover sustainable long-term urban strategies and to demonstrate
their effects in European cities. These guidelines provide its methodologies and tools for analyzing urban transport and
land use policies and their impact in the project’s seven case cities of Helsinki, Dortmund, Naples, Vicenza, Inverness,
Bilbao and Brussels. It presents an approach toward urban sustainability including transport and land use models,
indicators, assessment and presentation tools. There are 8 chapters in the guidelines divided into 3 parts: part 1 covers
the PROPOLIS approach and methodology for assessing urban sustainability, part 2 deals with approaching sustainable
urban policies and part 3 with conclusions, recommendations, and further work. The guidelines target national and
regional governments as well as private businesses.

Säästev transpordipoliitika. Juhendmaterjal arengukavade ja planeeringute


koostajatele (=Sustainable transport policy. Guidelines for preparation of
development plans).
AUTHOR(S): Mari Jüssi ed., 2004, 71 p.
LANGUAGE: ET
TYPE OF TOOL: Evaluation System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Planners/Builders | Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: CO2 emissions | Planning | Strategy Development
The aim of this guidebook is to assist specialists and authorities in the planning of transport and traffic systems. The
guidebook covers the following topics: impacts of transport; general principles of sustainable transport policy; assessment
of feasibility and impact of projects related to transport systems; possibilities to reduce the need for transportation. The
guidebook gives a broad overview of the environmental impacts of transport, including some elements of life cycle
analysis and external costs. The main principles for sustainable planning of transport are presented, accompanied by
well focused comments on relevant critical issues. The major aspects of combining transport and environment policy are
summarised, as are issues related to integrating transport planning with spatial planning more generally.

Successful transport decision making: a project manager and stakeholder


engagement handbook
AUTHOR(S): Jo Kelly et al., 2004, 339 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | NGOs | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU CIVITAS
KEYWORDS: Planning | Strategy Development
This handbook contains ideas on how to build a culture of stakeholder engagement and public participation’ for the
transport sector. It offers a variety of options for the better acceptance of transport projects and gives practical advice and
overview of good practice in stakeholder engagement, public participation and project management for local and regional
transport projects. This handbook also provides guidance on how to implement projects. The purpose is to identify
and study good practices, procedures and tools to improve policy decision-making and achieve sustainable mobility
throughout the European Union, by overcoming barriers and delivering better policy outcomes.

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Sustainable transportation options: a guide for local governments


AUTHOR(S): Bill Drumheller et al., 2001, 24 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: CO2 emissions | Planning | Strategy Development
This guide describes sustainable transport initiatives that have been implemented and proven effective in communities
across the United States (or elsewhere in the world). Fifty-two different transport-related actions are organised into
nine different sections: improving fleet efficiency; targeting the commuter; emphasising transit; supporting bicycling;
growing the community sustainably; planning facilities wisely; managing roads for improved efficiency; engaging the
entire community; and creating a pedestrian-friendly community. Where possible, results achieved by the local authority
are provided. These steps are broken down into analysing the existing transport system, setting goals for lower motor
vehicle use and emissions, and then selecting an appropriate combination of transportation options. This guide aims to
help communities to follow these steps and provides options that are both technically feasible and politically realistic.

TELLUS-Policy recommendations for clean urban transport


AUTHOR(S): Hans-Joachim BECKER (Integrated Transport Planning TU Berlin) et al, 2006, 40 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU CIVITAS
KEYWORDS: CO2 emissions
These guidelines include policy recommendations on clean urban transport specifically targeted at cities, national
governments and the European Commission. They aim to summarize the important lessons learnt from the TELLUS project,
a CIVITAS project to promote cleaner and better transport in cities, carried out in Berlin, Bucharest, Gdynia, Goteborg and
Rotterdam to provide policy recommendations to other actors in the field of clean urban transport. The guidelines include
sections on the promotion of clean vehicles; the distribution of goods; innovative mobility services; parking management;
increasing the attractiveness of public transport and consist of three main sections: TELLUS main messages; lessons
from the CIVITAS approach; and policy recommendations. In the section on policy recommendations individual measures
from several cities are grouped into thematic clusters. The practical implementation of these innovative measures, which
were integrated into the cities’ urban transport policies and plans, was the focus of the project.

TREATISE-CO2 calculator
AUTHOR(S): TREATISE Consortium, 2005
LANGUAGE: DE | EL | EN | ES | FI | FR | NL
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Decision Support System | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | SMEs | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | CO2 emissions | Planning
The Treatise project provides free training on sustainable transport subjects, primarily for energy and transport
professionals. This online calculator allows you to input journey details and compare your CO2 footprint (the amount
of CO2 for which you are responsible) for undertaking the journey by different modes: plane, train, bus, car, cycling or
walking. It is possible to input journey information as ‘city A’ to ‘city B’ (within the eight participating Member States)
or by inputting the distance itself. It is possible to calculate the CO2 emitted from all six modes of transportation at the
same time for a single trip, or individually. This is a useful tool for anybody interested in reducing their personal carbon
footprint, but could be of corporate use when planning business-related journeys and informing the travel section of an

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organisation’s environmental policy. It could be promoted by energy agencies in awareness raising campaigns, and used
by teachers to educate children and encourage walking and cycling on their journey to school.

TRENDSETTER-Policy recommendations on sustainable urban mobility


AUTHOR(S): Environmental and Health Protection Agency, City of Stockholm et al., 2006, 76 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU CIVITAS
KEYWORDS: CO2 emissions
This final report from the European project TRENDSETTER (Setting Trends for a Sustainable Urban Mobility) includes
recommendations and conclusions related to sustainable urban mobility, with a focus on the following areas: convenient
access to public transport; new services for special needs; trip planning for the smartest choice; traffic management;
cycling; access restrictions for a nicer, safer and healthier city; marketing attractive alternatives; improved goods
distribution; and clean vehicles. The cities of Lille, Graz, Prague, Pécs and Stockholm demonstrated and evaluated more
than 50 different ways to reduce the problems of increasing road traffic and the dependency on finite oil resources by
implementing radical and innovative sustainable urban transport measures between 2002 and 2006. The TRENDSETTER
project brought increased cooperation between the cities involved and other European cities. This report summarizes the
results from the project and presents them so that the examples and conclusions can be used by other cities to facilitate
sustainable mobility.

Uw autoairco, het milieu en uw portemonnee (= Your car air-conditoning


system, the environment and your money)
AUTHOR(S): Ministerie van VROM ed., 2003, 6 p.
LANGUAGE: NL
TYPE OF TOOL: Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Transport Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Behavioural Change measures | Cooling
This brochure provides drivers with practical tips on how to use a car’s air-conditioning more effectively and efficiently in
order to decrease its impact on climate change. This also has a positive impact on the driver’s expenditure which should
help to motivate the driver to follow the tips.

VIVALDI-Policy recommendations for clean urban transport


AUTHOR(S): Bristol City Council, 2005, 32 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU CIVITAS
KEYWORDS: CO2 emissions
The VIVALDI project has four key urban policy goals: sustainability, social inclusion, urban vitality and health and well
being. This policy recommendation report includes illustrative case studies from the cities that took part in this project
and presents the principal policy recommendations as developed by those cities: Aalborg, Bremen, Bristol, Kaunas,
and Nantes. These are delivered by means of 16 case studies that make up the majority of this report. The policy
recommendations are presented under the following headings: new forms of vehicle use and ownership; stimulation of

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collective modes; pricing strategies; telematics; goods distribution; clean and efficient vehicles; soft measures; access
management; and partnerships and co-operation. The case studies provide valuable lessons for other European cities
looking for a similar approach to clean urban transport.

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Notes

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Notes

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EA-80-08-425-EN-C

© Executive Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation (EACI) & European Communities 2008

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