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Web Page Design

Name: _Brian Pang __________________

Write a definition and give an example for the following terms.

Research using the Internet
Hyperlink: In computing, a hyperlink is a reference to data that the reader can directly
follow either by clicking or by hovering. Example would be a banner ad on a website.
Web blog: An online diary; a personal chronological log of thoughts published on a Web
page. Example:, Weebly, Squarespace...
Social Networking websites: The use of dedicated websites and applications to interact
with other users, or to find people with similar interests to oneself.
MMOGs: An online video game which can be played by a very large number of people
simultaneously. Examples would be Minecraft, StarCraft, World of Warcraft, and
E-commerce: Commercial transactions conducted electronically on the Internet.
Examples would be purchases on Amazon, eBay, etc.
Dial-up: The sound an old computer made when you were connecting to the internet...
you know? The sound that literally gave you ear cancer?
DSL: A technology for bringing high- bandwidth information to homes and small
businesses over ordinary copper telephone lines.
T-carrier lines: A series of wideband digital data transmission formats originally
developed by the Bell System and used in North America and Japan.
CATV lines: Community antenna television: a cable television system that receives
television broadcasts by antenna and relays them by cable to paying subscribers in areas
where direct reception is either poor or not possible.
Transfer rate: The speed with which data can be transmitted from one device to another.
Internet Service Provider: An organization that provides services for accessing, using, or
participating in the Internet.
Web browser: A software application for retrieving, presenting, and traversing
information resources on the World Wide Web.
Universal Resource Locator (URL): A reference to a web resource that specifies its
location on a computer network and a mechanism for retrieving it.

Protocol: The special set of rules that end points in a telecommunication connection use
when they communicate.
HTTP: The set of rules for transferring files (text, graphic images, sound, video, and
other multimedia files) on the World Wide Web.
Domain Name: The part of a network address that identifies it as belonging to a particular
Intranet: A local or restricted communications network, especially a private network
created using World Wide Web software.
Extranet: An intranet that can be partially accessed by authorized outside users, enabling
businesses to exchange information over the Internet securely.
Personal Website: World Wide Web pages created by an individual to contain content of a
personal nature rather than on behalf of a company, organization or institution.
Organizational Website: It is intended to encompass the interests and opinions of a niche
group and is created solely for that purpose. Usually, but not always, this type of website
is for non-profit organizations that employ the site as a means of keeping its members upto-date on activities and events.
Topical Website: Journalists file nuggets, tidbits and other accurate information to these
websites, that wouldnt be on TV or in the newspaper.
Search Engine: A program that searches for and identifies items in a database that
correspond to keywords or characters specified by the user, used especially for finding
particular sites on the World Wide Web.
Keyword: An informative word used in an information retrieval system to indicate the
content of a document.
Spider or robot: (Of a program) systematically visit (a number of web pages) in order to
create an index of data.
Meta tags: A tag (that is, a coding statement) in the Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
that describes some aspect of the contents of a Web page.
Portals: An Internet site providing access or links to other sites.
Markup Languages: Designed for the processing, definition and presentation of text.
Example: HTML
HTML: Hypertext Markup Language, a standardized system for tagging text files to
achieve font, color, graphic, and hyperlink effects on World Wide Web pages.

XHTML: A part of the family of XML markup languages. It mirrors or extends versions
of the widely used Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), the language in which Web
pages are formulated.
WML: Based on XML, WML is a markup language intended for devices that implement
the Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) specification, such as mobile phones.
Scripting languages: a programming language that supports scripts, programs written for
a special run-time environment that can interpret (rather than compile) and automate the
execution of tasks that could alternatively be executed one-by-one by a human operator.
Example: OpenCV, Lua
Malware: Software that is intended to damage or disable computers and computer
WYSIWYG: Denoting the representation of text on screen in a form exactly
corresponding to its appearance on a printout. What You See Is What You Get.
Webmaster: The person who maintains a particular website.
LAN: A computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a
residence, school, laboratory, or office building. Example: LanSchool
WAN: A computer network that spans a relatively large geographical area and consists of
two or more interconnected local area networks (LANs).
Wi-Fi: The name of a popular wireless networking technology that uses radio waves to
provide wireless high-speed Internet and network connections. Wi-Fi is short for
"wireless fidelity,"
GUI: A type of interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through
graphical icons and visual indicators
BUCS: Balance Unity Contrast and Simplicity.
SPAM: Irrelevant or inappropriate messages sent on the Internet to a large number of
SPIT: Spam Over Internet Telephony - Unsolicited bulk messages broadcast over VoIP
(Voice over Internet Protocol) to phones connected to the Internet.
SPIM: Spam sent via an instant messaging system
ALT Text: A word or phrase that can be inserted as an attribute in an HTML (Hypertext
Markup Language) document to tell Web site viewers the nature or contents of an image.