You are on page 1of 4

hurricane - a storm with a violent wind, in particular a tropical cyclone in the Caribbean.

typhoon a tropical storm in the region of the Indian or western Pacific oceans.
dust devil (willy willy/whirly whirly) - a small whirlwind or air vortex over land, visible as
a column of dust and debris, mostly found in Australia.
cyclone - a system of winds rotating inward to an area of low atmospheric pressure.
pollution - the presence in or introduction into the environment of a substance or thing
that has harmful or poisonous effects.
ecosystem - is a community of living organisms in conjunction with the nonliving
components of their environment (things like air, water and mineral soil), interacting as a
system.
biosphere - the regions of the surface, atmosphere, and hydrosphere of the earth (or
analogous parts of other planets) occupied by living organisms.
anemia - a condition marked by a deficiency of red blood cells or of hemoglobin in the
blood, resulting in pallor and weariness.
conifers - a tree that bears cones and evergreen needlelike or scalelike leaves. Conifers
are of major importance as the source of softwood, and also supply resins and turpentine.
climate - the weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period.
compound - a substance formed when two or more chemical elements are chemically
bonded together
parasitism a symbiotic relationship between species wherein one organism (parasite) is
benefited, while the other one (host) is harmed.
commensalism a symbiotic relationship between species wherein one organism is
benefited and the other organism is unharmed.
mutualism a symbiotic relationship between species wherein both organisms benefit each
other.
predation - the preying of one animal on others
biomass - is fuel that is developed from organic materials, a renewable and sustainable
source of energy used to create electricity or other forms of power.

biodiversity - is the variety of different types of life found on Earth and the variations
within species. It is a measure of the variety of organisms present in different
ecosystems.
carbon monoxide - a colorless, odorless toxic flammable gas formed by incomplete
combustion of carbon.
cloud seeding - the dropping of crystals into clouds to cause rain
petroleum - a liquid mixture of hydrocarbons that is present in certain rock strata and can
be extracted and refined to produce fuels including gasoline, kerosene, and diesel oil.
condensation - the conversion of a vapor or gas to a liquid.
water cycle - the cycle of processes by which water circulates
between the earth's oceans, atmosphere, and land, involving
precipitation as rain and snow, drainage in s treams and rivers,
and return to the atmosphere by evaporation and transpiration.

acid rain - rainfall made sufficiently acidic by atmospheric pollution that it causes
environmental harm, typically to forests and lakes. Mostly caused when sulphuric acid is
mixed with rain.
ecology - the branch of biology that deals with the relations of organisms to one another
and to their physical surroundings.
earthquake - a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great
destruction
el nio - an irregularly occurring and complex series of climatic changes affecting the
equatorial Pacific region and beyond every few years, characterized by the appearance of
unusually warm, nutrient-poor water off northern Peru and Ecuador,
flora - the plants of a particular region, habitat, or geological period.
fauna - the animals of a particular region, habitat, or geological period.
food chain - the sequence of who eats whom in a biological community (an ecosystem) to
obtain nutrition

food web - is the natural interconnection of food chains and generally a graphical
representation (usually an image) of what-eats-what in an ecological community.
weather front - is a boundary separating two masses of air of different densities, and is
the principal cause of meteorological phenomena.
evaporation process of converting liquid to vapor/gas.
monsoon - a seasonal prevailing wind in the region of South and Southeast Asia, blowing
from the southwest between May and September and bringing rain (the wet monsoon ), or
from the northeast between October and April (the dry monsoon ).
weathering - the mechanical and chemical breakdown of rocks by the action of rain, snow,
cold, etc.
tsunami - a long high sea wave caused by an earthquake, submarine landslide, or other
disturbance.
terracing - make or form (sloping land) into a number of level flat areas resembling a
series of steps.
crust - the outermost layer of rock of which a planet consists, especially the part of the
earth above the mantle.
eutrophication - excessive richness of nutrients in a lake or other body of water,
frequently due to runoff from the land, which causes a dense growth of plant life and
death of animal life from lack of oxygen.
molecule - a group of atoms bonded together, representing the smallest fundamental unit
of a chemical compound that can take part in a chemical reaction.
parasite - an organism that lives in or on another organism (its host) and benefits by
deriving nutrients at the host's expense.
renewable resources - an organic natural resource which can replenish to overcome usage
and consumption, either through biological reproduction or other naturally recurring
processes
rock cycle - is a group of changes. Igneous rock can change into sedimentary rock or into
metamorphic rock. Sedimentary rock can change into metamorphic rock or into igneous
rock. Metamorphic rock can change into igneous or sedimentary rock.

autotroph - an organism that is able to form nutritional organic substances from simple
inorganic substances
predator - an animal that naturally preys on others.
scavenger - an animal that feeds on carrion, dead plant material, or refuse.
smog - fog or haze combined with smoke and other atmospheric pollutants.
strip farming - is a method of farming used when a slope is too steep or too long, or
otherwise, when one does not have an alternative method of preventing soil erosion.
sublimation process of turning solid to gas, without turning the solid to liquid form
ozone layer can be found on the stratosphere. Chemical formula of the ozone is O3
sinkholes - a cavity in the ground, especially in limestone bedrock, caused by water erosion
and providing a route for surface water to disappear underground.