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Good Clinical Practice

Lisa de Blieck MPA CCRC

Clinical Trials Coordination Center

Good Clinical Practice (GCP)

An international standard for the design, conduct,
performance, monitoring, auditing, recording,
analyses and reporting of clinical trials
Provides public assurance that the data and the
reported results are credible and accurate =
quality data
Ensures the rights, integrity, and confidentiality of
subjects are protected = Ethics
Quality Data + Ethics = GCPs

Compliance in Clinical Research

GCP in clinical research refers to
compliance with specific regulations and
guidelines that govern human medical
Requires adherence to all the trial-related
requirements, GCP requirements, and
applicable regulatory requirements

Importance of Compliance

Ensures protection of human subjects

Meets legal and ethical requirements
Protects the integrity of the trial outcome
Avoids any compromise of professional

GCP Guidelines
Cant be found in a single document
Are based on several regulations and
The PPMI study will adhere to ICH, FDA and
country-specific regulations

Define standards for clinical trial conduct,

Define roles, responsibilities for
investigators, sponsors, and IRBs

GCP: Shared Responsibility

Involves all stakeholders (e.g., IRB,
sponsor, investigators)
Investigator Responsibilities
International Conference on Harmonization
(ICH) Guidelines (E6 Good Clinical
21CFR312 Subpart D

Principles of GCP per ICH

1. Ethical principles (origin Declaration of Helsinki)
2. Risks, benefits, alternatives must be weighed
3. Rights, safety, and well being of subjects must
prevail over interests of the study, science and
4. The proposed study should be based on sound
scientific data
5. ICF prior to initiating trial procedures
6. IRB/IEC approval prior to beginning study
7. Medical care given/medical decisions made by a
qualified, licensed physician

Principles of GCP per ICH

8. The Investigator is responsible for maintaining a well
trained medical research staff
9. Informed consent by subjects must be freely given prior to
conducting trial procedures
10. All trial information should be recorded, handled, and
stored in a manner permitting its accurate reporting,
interpretation and verification
11. Privacy and confidentiality of subject records must be
12. The IP must be appropriately secured, stored and used
only per protocol
13. Quality assurance systems must be in place to assure the
quality of every aspect of the trial

Investigator (per 21 CFR 312.3(a))

qualified by training and experience as
the appropriate expert to investigate the
study in humans.
responsible for the conduct of the
clinical trial at a research site
is the responsible leader of the team

Investigator Responsibilities
Adhere to protocol: No changes to research without
IRB/IEC approval except to remove immediate
Personally conduct and supervise the study,
including delegated responsibilities
Obtain informed consent prior to initiating trial
Ensure initial/continuing IRB/IEC review and
Report all adverse events

Investigator Responsibilities
Maintain protection of subject and data
Handle investigational products appropriately
Read/understand Investigators Brochure content,
including risks and side effects
Prepare and maintain adequate and accurate
source information; permit monitoring
Promptly report changes in research, unanticipated
Inform all individuals assisting with study of
obligations in meeting these commitments

Regulatory Authorities May Ask:

Source of study subjects?

Did they have the disease under study?
Did they meet inclusion/exclusion criteria?
Was the protocol precisely followed?
Were AEs reported appropriately?
What was communicated between investigator
and IRB/EC?

Formula for Successful Compliance

Regulations and responsibilities are defined
Learn/understand them
Refer to them often
Respect them

Train on GCP / Practice GCP

Follow the protocol
Keep accurate records
Remember, if its not documented, it didnt happen!


Addressing Non-Compliance
If findings of non-compliance are communicated,
Institute and document corrective actions
Retrain as necessary
Establish an ongoing re-assessment
Carefully review data queries requested
Promptly execute follow-up for actions identified
during monitoring visits


GCP References
Code of Federal Regulations and ICH Guidelines
Guidance Documents
Guidance for IndustryInvestigator Responsibilities
Protecting the Rights, Safety, and Welfare of Study