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ANOVA and Non parametric tests

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3.

Mr. James McWhinney, president of Daniel- James Financial Services, believes there
is a relationship between the number of client contacts and the dollar amount of sales.
To document this assertion, Mr. McWhinney gathered the following sample
information. The X column indicates the number of client contacts last month, and the
y column shows the value of sales ($ thousands) last month for each client sampled.
Test if X and Y are correlated
Number of Contacts X: 14 12
20
16
46
23
48
50
55
Sales($ 1000)
Y: 24 14
28
30
80
30
90
85 120
Different doses of a poison were administered to mice in groups of 25 with the
following results.
Doses in mg X : 4 6
8
10 12 14
16 18
No. of deaths Y : 1 3
6
8
14 16
20 21

A consumer organization was concerned about the differences between the advertised
sizes of containers and the actual amount of product. In a preliminary study, six
packages of three different brands of margarine that are supposed to contain 500 ml
were measured. The differences from 500 ml are listed here. Do these data provide
sufficient evidence to conclude that differences exist between the three brands? Use
=0.01.
Brand 1 Brand 2 Brand 3
1
2
1
3
2
2
3
4
4
0
3
2
1
0
3
0
4
4

4.

The study Loss of Nitrogen Through Sweat by Preadolescent Boys Consuming Three
Levels of Dietary Protein was conducted by the Department of Human Nutrition and
Foods at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University to determine
perspiration nitrogen loss at, various dietary protein levels. Twelve preadolescent
boys ranging in age from 7 years, 8 months to 9 years, 8 months, and judged to be
clinically healthy, were used in the experiment. Each boy was subjected to one of
three controlled diets in which 29, 54, or 84 grams of protein per day were consumed.
The following data represent, the body perspiration nitrogen loss, in milligrams,
collected during the last two days of the experimental period:
Protein Level
29 grams
54 grams
84 grams
190
318
390
266
295
321
270
271
390
438
399
402
Perform an analysis of variance at the 0.05 level of significance to show that the
mean perspiration nitrogen losses at the three protein levels are different.

5.

The titanium content in an aircraft-grade alloy is an important determinant of strength.


A sample of 20 test coupons reveals the following titanium content (in percent): 8.32,
8.05, 8.93, 8.65, 8.25, 8.46, 8.52, 8.35, 8.36, 8.41, 8.42, 8.30, 8.71, 8.75, 8.60, 8.83,
8.50, 8.38, 8.29, 8.46 The median titanium content should be 8.5%. Use the sign test
and Wilcoxon signed-rank test with = 0.05 to investigate this hypothesis.

6.

A food inspector examines 16 jars of a certain brand of jam to determine the percent
of foreign impurities. The following data were recorded: 2.4 2.3 3.1 2.2 2.3 1.2 1.0 2.4
1.7 1.1 4.2 1.9 1.7 3.6 1.6 2. Perform a sign test at the 0.05 level of significance to test
the null hypothesis that the median percent of impurities in this brand of jam is 2.5%
against the alternative that the median percent of impurities is not 2.5%.

7.

Given below are the mileages (in thousands of miles) of two samples of automobile
tires of two different brands, say I and II, before they wear out.
Tire I: 34 32 37 35 42 43 47 58 59 62 69 71 78 84
Tire II: 39 48 54 65 70 76 87 90 111 118 126 127
Use the Mann Whitney test to see whether the tire II gives more median mileage
than tire I. Use = 0.05.

8.

In an effort to determine the immunoglobulin D (IgD) levels of a certain ethnic group,


a large number of blood samples representing both sexes for 12-year-olds were taken.
The following sample data give the IgD levels (in mg/100 mL).
Male: 9.3 0.0 12.2 8.1 5.7 6.8 3.6 9.4 8.5 7.3 9.7
Female: 7.1 0.0 5.9 7.6 2.8 5.8 7.2 7.4 3.5 3.3 7.5 7.0
Use the Mann Whitney test with the significance level = 0.01 to test the hypothesis
that there is no difference between the sexes in the median level of IgD.