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1.

Traffic- Traffic on roads may consist of pedestrians, ridden or


herded animals, vehicles, streetcars, buses and other conveyances, either singly or together,
while using the public way for purposes of travel. Traffic laws are the laws which govern
traffic and regulate vehicles, while rules of the road are both the laws and the informal
rules that may have developed over time to facilitate the orderly and timely flow of traffic.

4. Philippines Traffic- MANILA, Philippines The Philippines is fourth among Asian countries
and placed ninth in the world in terms of negative traffic situation,
a recent report showed. which compares traffic data from 88 countries, released 2015 statistics
on average commuting time, commuting dissatisfaction, traffic inefficiencies and carbon dioxide
emissions in commuting.
The Philippines' has 303.03 points in the traffic index, ranking it just above neighboring Thailand
with 244.22 points out of the perfect score of 1. Kolkta,India meanwhile, has the worst traffic in
Asia with a score of 366.69
Average one-way commuting and traveling time in the Philippines reaches 45.50 minutes before
workers reach their destination, the Numbeo data indicate.
The long commute in the Philippines also spurs a dissatisfaction rate of 3,724.39 on the index,
which assumes that discontent increases exponentially with each minute after one-way commute
time is longer than 25 minutes.
5. Latest Issue- How do we feel about traffic? Thats a no-brainer. We hate it. And we feel the
same for its synonyms which all mean that were going to be late for work again, words like
congestion.Anyone who has ever visited, worked in or lived in the Philippines would know how
bad the traffic jams are in the cities, particularly Quezon City, Manila and Makati. The main
avenues of these cities and even the secondary roads are often congested, and the problems of
traffic congestion has become so serious that the economy is affected in no small way.
There is a reason why popular novelist Dan Brown author of The Da Vinci Code and Angels and
Demons mentioned Metro Manilas monumental traffic jams in his book Inferno. He called Metro
Manila the Gates of Hell.
2. Cause/Main Problems-Traffic congestion is a big problem for everyone within the city. The main
reasons why traffic congestion occurs are more cars, poor road management, and poor practices
on behalf of employers.
Congestion is a real social problem that needs to be resolved because of its serious effects. In a
nutshell, it isolates people from their various activities such as business, recreation, and family
time.

One of the main reasons why theres more congestion is due to more cars on the road. The adult
population is increasing and therefore more people want their own personal transport to get around with.
As the number of cars increase the chance of congestion also increases.
This is coupled with a lack of proper infrastructure. Councils and national governments fail to act on the
looming threat of heavy congestion until it happens. A single street with a lane on each side before might
not suffice in ten years after the population has increased. Authorities often fail to convert this into a dual
carriageway.
Alternate routes are also a problem. . Cities are forced to work with the routes they already have. If they
cant increase the number of lanes it leads to congestion.
Generally, congestion results in a less productive work force. Except when they commit the dangerous
and potentially fatal mistake of talking to someone on their mobile phones, drivers are not very productive
while commuting. In the Philippines where majority of employee take public transport, people use the time
theyre stuck in traffic to call work, issue instructions or clarify issues, but on the whole, everyone ends up
tense, frustrated and already tired when they get to work.
Employers can also play a part in dealing with congestion. Congestion almost always happens when
people are travelling to and from work. Traffic congestion has eased in recent years as a result of growing
unemployment and the introduction of more flexible work hours.
A lack of public transport, or poor public transport options, will also cause problems. If there isnt enough
buses, or local trains people are forced to take their cars to work. The ratio of passengers to vehicles
decreases, whereas if they were able to take the bus people would feel less of a need to drive their cars.
Congestion also adds to the countrys air pollution. This is because congestion leads to increased fuel
consumption and automobile emissions as vehicles are forced to operate less efficiently. More cars on the
road also mean increased greenhouse gas emissions, which in turn could lead to health costs. The JICA
report said greenhouse gas emissions are expected to increase to 5.72 million tons a year in 2030,
compared to 4.7 million tons a year in 2012.
In conclusion, congestion is mainly caused by a desire for people to drive their cars coupled with a failure
by local government to act. If

3. Effect- Delays
The first thing many people think of when it comes to congested roadways is the delay. During the
morning commute there is additional stress because delays caused by traffic can make people late
for work. And at the end of the day, the afternoon rush hour is again a frustrating time because the
workday is done and people want to get home to relax, and traffic is preventing it.

The stopping and starting in traffic jams burns fuel at a higher rate than the smooth rate of travel on
the open highway. This increase in fuel consumption costs commuters additional money for fuel.
These emissions create air pollution and are related to global warming.
7. How to Prevent -

1. Provide Exclusive Lanes for Public Transport

Ljubljana Painted Bus Lane (Source: Andrew Nash, 2011)

Exclusive lanes enable buses and trams to avoid congestion helping increase their
speed, reliability and attractiveness.for example:
o Taxicabs AND BICYCLES are allowed to use exclusive lanes
o .
The method of separating exclusive lanes from other traffic is an important factor
in determining their effectiveness. Simply put, the better the separation the more
effective. Painted lanes are least effective and lanes separated by barriers or on
their own right of way are best.

2. Use Regulations and Traffic Engineering to Control Traffic


Traffic regulations can be used to reduce congestion impacts on public transport.
FOR EXAMPLE,
o Parking Restrictions . Parking restrictions and controls can be
implemented to reduce the impact of parking movements on transit vehicles
and to provide space needed for exclusive transit lanes.