# GEOMETRY (1

)
1) Basic questions on geometry

A

line extends infinitely and is named by labeling two points A and B on the line with capital letters

indicates a line

segment, which is finite in length (only the part of the line from A to B).

This lines are parallels

A

right angle is one that measures exactly 90 degrees:

These lines are

perpendicular

These lines are intersecting

lines

HOMEWORK

C/ Jerez C/ Lebrija C / Sevilla

C/ Cádiz

C/ Huelva

On the following street map: 1) Identify the streets that are parallels: 2) What streets are perpendicular?: 3) Identify the streets that are intersecting:

2)Acute AND obtuse Angles
An

acute angle is an angle measuring between 0 and 90 degrees.

An

obtuse angle is an angle measuring between 90 and 180 degrees.

3) Polygon

A polygon is a closed figure made by segments called sides.

A regular same.

polygon is a polygon whose sides are all the same length, and whose angles are all the

4) Polygon element:

vertex

The vertices of a polygon are the points where its sides intersect

5) Classification

1. Triangle is s polygon with three sides polygon. The
180 degrees.

sum of the angles of a triangle is

EQUILATERAL TRIANGLE: three sides of equal length ( angles 60º)

Isosceles Triangle: two sides of equal length.

Scalene Triangle: three sides of different lengths.

Right Triangle ( TRIÁNGULO RECTÁNGULO )
One of the angles of the triangle measures 90 degrees (right angle). The side opposite the right angle is called the hypotenuse (HIPOTENUSA) . The two sides that form the right angle are called the legs (CATETOS). A right triangle has the special property: the sum of the squares of the lengths of the legs equals the square of the length of the hypotenuse. This is known as the Pythagorean Theorem. ( LA HIPOTENUSA AL CUADRADO ES LA SUMA DE LOS CUADRADOS DE LOS CATETOS)_ TEOREMA DE PITÁGORAS

A Y B CATETOS. Example:

C HIPOTENUSA

A2 + B2 = C2.

32 + 42 = 52 3 Y 4 CATETOS

5 HIPOTENUSA

A four-sided polygon. Classification: parallelogram and trapezoid

A) PARALLELOGRAM: A four-sided polygon with two pairs of parallel sides. :

RECTANGLE SQUARE

RHOMBUS

GENERAL PARALLELOGRAMS

B)Trapezoid

3. Pentagon

A five-sided polygon. An irregular pentagon:

A regular pentagon:

4. Hexagon

A six-sided polygon. An irregular hexagon:

A regular hexagon:

5. Heptagon

A seven-sided polygon. An irregular heptagon:

A regular heptagon:

6. Octagon

An eight-sided polygon. An irregular octagon:

A regular octagon: