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PARALLEL CONNECTION- all components are connected across each

other, forming exactly two sets of electrically common

SERIES CONNECTION- all components are
connected end-to-end, forming a single path for electrons to flow
Electromagnetic radiation The propagation of electromagnetic fields through space;
it normally
occurs at approximately 299,792 kilometers per second or 186,282 miles per second.
Thermal energy is the energy that comes from heat. This heat is generated by the
movement of tiny particles within an object.
Temperature is an objective comparative measure of hot or cold
Current The movement of charge carriers, such as electrons, holes, or ions. ampere
(A), unit for current
Thermometer is a device that measures temperature or a temperature gradient
Heat of fusion The amount of heat required to melt a unit mass of a solid that has
reached its melting point.
Voltage (V) the potential difference or electromotive force it is a force that is used to
move electrons
Electric circuit A network of interconnected components and devices, often including
a source of electric power. Current flowing through a circuit is acted on by
components, which produce specific desired effects.
Overloading-Demand on an equipment or system that exceeds its capacity. Overload
usually results in breakdown of the equipment or collapse of the system, sometimes
beyond the possibility of repair.
Circuit a complete path to flow through so the electrons can go from the negitive to
the positive terminals of the power source.
Geotherm Equilibrium is a steady state geothermal
Conduction is the process by which heat energy is transmitted through collisions
between neighboring molecules.

Voltage- A measure of the difference in electric potential between two points in space,
a material, or an electric circuit, expressed in volts.
Heat of Vaporization is the quantity of heat that must be absorbed if a certain
quantity of liquid is vaporized at a constant temperature.
Georg Simon Ohm- a German physicist developed the Ohms Law.
Resistance- is the ability to OPPOSE the flow of electric current
Parallel Circuit is one that has two or more paths for the electricity to flow,
the loads are parallel to each other. If the loads in this circuit were light bulbs
and one blew out, there is still current flowing to the others because they are
still in a direct path from the negative to positive terminals of the battery.

Series Circuit is one with all the loads in a row. There is only ONE path for the
electricity to flow. If this circuit was a string of light bulbs, and one blew out, the remaining
bulbs would turn off.
Hydrop Electric Power plants- capture the energy of falling water to
generate electricity. A turbine converts the kinetic energy of falling
water into mechanical energy. Then a generator converts the
mechanical energy from the turbine into electrical energy.
Electric Meter, or energy meter is a device that measures the
amount of electric energy consumed by a residence, business
Circuit breaker is an automatically operated electrical switch
designed to protect an electrical circuit from damage caused by
overload or short circuit. Its basic function is to detect a fault
condition and interrupt current flow.
Fuse a safety device consisting of a strip
wire that melts and breaks an electric
circuit if the current exceeds a safe level.
Electrical energy is energy that is
moving electric charges.


caused by

Charles-Augustin de Coulomb was a French physicist. He was best known for

developing Coulomb's law.

Safety precaution -a precaution that is taken in order to ensure that

something is safe and not dangerous
Alessandro Volta was a physicist, chemist and a pioneer of electrical science. He
is most famous for his invention of the electric battery.

Electrical panel is a metal electrical service box that accepts the

main power to the home and distributes electrical current to the
various circuits within the home. The distribution of power to the
various circuits are protected from over-current by the use of circuit
breakers or fuses.
Amperage: the strength of a current of electricity expressed in
Ampere or amp (symbol: A) is the unit of electrical current. One
Ampere is defined as the current that flows with electric charge of one Coulomb per
Capacitor has the ability of being able to store an electrical charge Q (units in
Coulombs) of electrons.
Andre Marie Ampere is best known for defining a way to measure the flow of
current, which was named after him, the ampere.
Grounding is the process of removing the excess charge on an object by means of
the transfer of electrons between it and another object of substantial size.
Voltmeter, also known as a voltage meter, is an instrument
used for measuring the potential difference, or voltage
Connecting wire is a piece of wire used to attach two circuits
or components together.

Short circuit occurs when the positive and negative terminals of a battery
are connected with a low-resistance conductor, like a wire.
Watt is the unit of power (symbol: W).
Switch- device use, to turn on, and turning off the current or
electrical supply.
Branch circuit In electrical wiring, a group of outlets served through a single cutout from a
source of power-line ac voltage. The source can be a distribution center, subdistribution
center, main, or submain. Interior lighting circuits are usually branch circuits because many
lights are connected to one circuit controlled by a single fuse or circuit
Outlets A female receptacle that delivers a signal or operating power
to equipment plugged into it.

Ohmmeter. An ohmmeter is an electronic

measures resistance in an electronic

device which
component or circuit

Dry silk strong, soft, lustrous fiber produced

Silkworms,commonly used in experimenting
charge of electron


Resistor- electronic device having a designed resistance to the passage of an

electric current.

Bulb- A light-emitting device that consists of a gas-filled glass tube or bulb and is
used inside electric light fixtures and flashlights.

Energy source- it is a source of electrical potential difference or voltage.Example

battery, generator etc.