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PETROVIETNAM GAS CORPORATION

CA MAU GPP PROJECT MANAGEMENT BOAD


PROJECT

CA MAU GAS PROCESSING PLANT

PACKAGE

LOOP PIPELINE

STAGE

FRONT-END ENGINEERING DESIGN

SPECIFICATIONS FOR LINEPIPE

A1

08/01/15

Issued for
IDC

LHD

VXH

TK

Rev

Date

Description

Prepared

Checked

PM

PETROVIETNAM ENGINEERING
J.S.C

PVE
Document No:
304121-PVE-FD-PL-SPC-001
Number of pages: 54
(Including this cover)

CA MAU GAS PROCESSING PLANT PROJECT


PACKAGE: LOOP PIPELINE
SPECIFICATIONS FOR LINEPIPE

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.

INTRODUCTION ............................................................................... 5

1.1.

Project Overview ..................................................................................... 5

1.2.

Purpose and Document ........................................................................... 6

1.3.

Abbreviations and Definition..................................................................... 6

1.3.1. Definition ............................................................................................... 6


1.3.2. Abbreviations ......................................................................................... 7
1.4.

Codes and Standards............................................................................... 9

1.5.

Order of Precedence.............................................................................. 10

2.

QUALITY ASSURANCE SYSTEM ...................................................... 11

3.

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS ............................................................. 11

4.

MANUFACTURER OBLIGATIONS .................................................... 12

5.

MANUFACTURING AND FABRICATION REQUIREMENTS ................ 14

5.1.

General Requirements ........................................................................... 14

5.2.

Manufacturing Procedure ....................................................................... 14

5.2.1. Changes to the Manufacturing Procedure ................................................ 15


5.2.2. Steel Making......................................................................................... 15
5.2.3. Rolling Technique Heat Treatment ....................................................... 15
5.2.4. Process of Pipe Manufacture .................................................................. 16
5.3.

Welding ................................................................................................ 16

5.3.1. Welding Processes ................................................................................ 16


5.3.2. Welding Consumables ........................................................................... 17
5.3.3. Welding Procedure Qualifications ........................................................... 17
5.3.4. Welder Qualification .............................................................................. 18
6.

CHEMICAL PROPERTIES................................................................. 18

7.

MECHANICAL TESTING .................................................................. 20

7.1.

Test Frequency ..................................................................................... 20

7.2.

Tensile Test .......................................................................................... 20

7.3.

Toughness Test .................................................................................... 21

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7.3.1. General ................................................................................................ 21


7.3.2. Test Temperature ................................................................................. 21
7.3.3. Charpy V-Notch Energy Requirements .................................................... 21
7.3.4. Fracture Arrest ..................................................................................... 22
7.4.

Drop Weight Tear Test .......................................................................... 22

7.5.

Marco/Hardness Tests ........................................................................... 22

7.6.

Micrography.......................................................................................... 23

8.

DIMENSIONAL REQUIREMENTS..................................................... 23

8.1.

Diameter .............................................................................................. 23

8.1.1. Body .................................................................................................... 23


8.1.2. Ends .................................................................................................... 24
8.2.

Wall Thickness ...................................................................................... 24

8.3.

Length ................................................................................................. 24

8.4.

Straightness ......................................................................................... 24

8.5.

Squareness of Pipe Ends ........................................................................ 24

8.6.

Pipe End Preparation ............................................................................. 25

8.7.

Jointers ................................................................................................ 25

8.8.

Bulges, Dents and Flat Areas.................................................................. 25

8.9.

Misalignment of Plate Edges................................................................... 25

9.

HYDROSTATIC TESTING................................................................. 25

10.

INSPECTION................................................................................... 25

10.1.

General ................................................................................................ 25

10.2.

Visual Inspection/Workmanship .............................................................. 26

11.

NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING......................................................... 27

11.1.

Procedures ........................................................................................... 27

11.2.

Personnel ............................................................................................. 28

11.3.

Examination of Plates ............................................................................ 28

11.3.1. Edges .................................................................................................. 28


11.3.2. Body .................................................................................................... 28
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11.4.

Examination of Pipe............................................................................... 28

11.4.1. Ultrasonic Examination .......................................................................... 28


11.4.2. Radiographic Examination...................................................................... 29
11.4.3. Magnetic Particle Inspection (MPI) ......................................................... 29
11.5.

Acceptance Limits ................................................................................. 30

11.5.1. Ultrasonic Examination .......................................................................... 30


11.5.2. Radiography ......................................................................................... 30
11.5.3. Magnetic Particle Inpsection .................................................................. 30
12.

REPAIRS ......................................................................................... 30

12.1.

Repairs: Body of Pipe ............................................................................ 30

12.2.

Repairs: Welded Seam of Pipe................................................................ 31

13.

MARKING AND TRACEABILITY....................................................... 31

14.

PROTECTION OF PIPE ENDS .......................................................... 33

15.

HANDLING AND STORAGE OF PIPE................................................ 33

16.

RECORDS, TEST REPORTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ....... 34

17.

APPENDICES .................................................................................. 35

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SPECIFICATIONS FOR LINEPIPE

1.

INTRODUCTION

1.1.

Project Overview
The region currently receives natural gas from Block PM3 in Commercial
Arrangement Area (CAA) in the overlapping Vietnamese and Malaysia area of
the Gulf of Thailand, which feed the gas fired power plants and the fertilizer
plant at Ca Mau province in Vietnam. Nature gas is transported by PM3-CM
pipeline system, which was designed to transport a maximum of 2 billion
standard cubic meters natural gas per year. In future, additional gas
production from Block B&52 is planned.
Ca Mau Gas Processing Plant Project (PROJECT) was approved by Vietnam
Oil & Gas Group (Petrovietnam) in 2011 to recover LPG and condensate from
existing Block PM3 gas production and future Block B&52 gas production.
Feed gas from Block B&52 has been delaying, so PROJECT was adjusted
basing on Block PM3 as only feed gas source for process train-1. However,
PROJECT shall be designed to cover or/and meet the requirement of upgrade
when adding Block B&52 gas source (additional flow rate approximate 16.28
MMSCMD).
GPP will extract NGL from only Block PM3 gas production and produce: LPG,
condensate and residue gas. The liquid product (LPG and condensate) will be
stored in spheres/tanks at Terminal next to GPP and will be exported by truck
and barge via a new jetty at the existing port of Ca Mau 1 Power Plant. The
residue gas shall be sent back to the existing Gas Distribution Station (GDS)
and subsequently delivery to the existing consumers including the power and
fertilizer plants.
Gas consumption for future GPP and the booster compressor system (belong
to PROJECT) at Mui Tram Land Fall Station (LFS) is approximately 1 MMSCMD
by feed gas heating value (including fuel gas). Hence, to ensure gas supply
to power and fertilizer plants, the needing new loop pipeline for PM3-CM to
upgrade capacity of the existing pipeline. In order to safely and stably
operate the system, it's needed to have an additional compressor package
installed in LFS simultaneously with installing loop pipeline.
PROJECT shall include some packages:
- Package-1 Gas processing plant, terminal and export facilities, consist of
following:
+ Process units at GPP;
+ Terminal: to storage the liquid products (LPG and condensate);

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+ Export pipelines: to transport liquid products from terminal to jetty,


including but not limited following: pipelines, pig launcher/receiver
system;
+ Jetty: to export liquid product;
+ Utility systems;
+ Electrical system;
+ Instrument & control system;
+ Civil/Structure;
+ By-pass system;
+ Interface/Tie-in.
- Package-2 Loop pipeline to upgrade capacity of the existing PM3-CM
pipeline to 6.95 MMSCMD, consist of following:
+ Loop pipeline;
+ Associated equipment;
+ Interface/tie-in;
-

Package-3 Additional compressor package at Mui Tram LFS, consist of


following:
+ Additional compressor package;
+ Modified/Added facilities (at Mui Tram LFS and Ca Mau GDS) due to
upgrade capacity of the PM3-CM pipeline system.
+ Interface/Tie-in.

1.2.

Purpose and Document


This specification defines the minimum technical requirements for the
manufacture and supply of the line pipe for the 28 new loop pipeline for
PM3-CM pipeline. The line pipes to be used for the offshore pipeline shall be
produced by the Longitudinal Submerged Arc Welded Welding (LSAW).

1.3.

Abbreviations and Definition

1.3.1. Definition
CLIENT

Petrovietnam Gas Joint Stock Corporation


(PVGAS)

REPRESENTATIVE of CLIENT

Ca Mau GPP Project Management Board


(CMGPMB)

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PVE/CONTRACTOR

Petrovietnam Engineering Consultancy J.S.C


(PVE)

PROJECT

Ca Mau Gas Processing Plant Project


Package: Loop Pipeline

INSPECTOR

Authorized CLIENT/CONTRACTOR representative


or third party inspection agency engaged to
carry out an inspection (s), as further defined in
this document.

MANUFACTURER

Entity responsible for supply and manufacture of


line pipe.

WORKS

All activities of manufacture and supply of


linepipe for the 28 new loop pipeline.

ITT Documents

Invitation to Tender documents for bidding of


manufacture and supply of line pipes.

MR Documents

Material Requisition documents of line pipes

Within the context of this specification, the following words shall have the
meanings stated below:
agreement

Unless otherwise indicated, this means agreed in writing


by CLIENT.

may

Indicates a course of action permissible within the limits


of this document.

shall

Indicates requirements strictly to be followed in this


document and from which no deviation is permitted.

should

Indicates

that

recommended

among
as

several

particularly

possibilities,
suitable,

one

is

without,

mentioning or excluding others, or that a certain course


of action is preferred but not necessarily required. Other
possibilities may be subject to agreement.
1.3.2. Abbreviations
The following abbreviations shall apply to this specification:
API

American Petroleum Institute

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ASME

American Society of Mechanical Engineers

ASTM

ASTM International (formerly American Society for Testing


and Materials)

ASNT

American Society for Nondestructive Testing

BOF

Basic Oxygen Furnace

CEPcm

Carbon Equivalent, based upon the chemical potion of the


Ito- Bessyo carbon equivalent equation

CTOD

Crack Tip Opening Displacement

CVN10

Charpy V Notch value for full specimen (10kg indenture)

DWTT

Drop Weight Tear Testing

FL

Fusion Line

GMAW

Gas Metal Arc Welding

HAZ

Heat Affected Zone

HV10

Vickers Hardness Number (10kg indentor)

ID

Inner Diameter

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

Joule

LSAW

Longitudinal Submerged Arc Welding

MPa

Mega Pascal

MPI

Magnetic Particle Inspection

MPS

Manufacturing Procedure Specification

MPQ

Manufacturing Procedure Qualification

NACE

National Association of Corrosion Engineers

NDT

Non Destructive Testing

OD

Outer Diameter

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1.4.

PCN

Personnel Certification in Non-Destructive Testing

SAW

Submerged Arc Welding

SMYS

Specified Minimum Yield Strength

UOE

U-ing, O-ing and Expansion

UT

Ultrasonic Testing

UTS

Ultimate Tensile Strength

Codes and Standards


The manufacture and supply of the LSAW line pipes shall conform to this
specification and shall refer to the latest edition (unless otherwise noted) of
the codes, standards, references and recommended practices listed below.
American Petroleum Institute, API
API Spec 5L: 2012

Specification for Line Pipe, 45th Edition.

API RP 5L1

Recommended

Practice

for

Railroad

Transportation of Line Pipe


API 5L3

Recommended Practice for Conducting DropWeight Tear Tests on Line Pipe

API RP 5LW

Recommended Practice for Transportation of


Line Pipe on Barges and Marine Vessels

API STD 1104

Welding of Pipelines and Related Facilities

API RP 1110

Pressure Testing of Liquid Petroleum Pipelines

American Society of Mechanical Engineers, ASME


ASME B31.8

Gas

Transmissions

and

Distribution

Piping

System
ASME Section V

Non-Destructive Examination

ASME Section II

Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Materials

American Standards for Testing Materials, ASTM

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ASTM E112

Standard

Test

Methods

for

Determining

Average Grain Size


ASTM A370

Standard Test Methods and Definitions for


Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

ASTM E709

Standard Guide for Magnetic Particle Testing

British Standards, BS
BS EN 2910

Methods

for

Radiographic

Examination

of

Fusion Welded Circumferential Butt Joints in


Steel Pipes
BS EN 10160

Ultrasonic Testing of Steel Flat Products of


Thickness Equal to or Greater than 6mm

BS EN 10204: 2004

Test Certificated for Steel Products

International Organization for Standardization, ISO


ISO 3183

Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries Steel


Pipe for Pipeline Transportation Systems

National Association of Corrosion Engineers, NACE


NACE MR0175

Petroleum

and

Materials

for

Natural
use

Gas
in

Industries

H2S-containing

Environments in Oil and Gas Production


Other Standards
Recommended Practice No. SNT-TC-1A Personnel Qualification and
Certification in Nondestructive testing.
1.5.

Order of Precedence
Since this document refers to many codes and standards and also to other
specifications, in case of any conflict, CLIENT should be notified by the
MANUFACTURER for clarification. Unless otherwise agreed, the following
order of precedence is expected to be followed:
1. Vietnam Government Regulations;
2. Vietnam Country Standards;
3. CLIENT supplied technical documents;

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4. Project Specifications;
5. International Codes and Standards.
2.

QUALITY ASSURANCE SYSTEM


All line pipes shall be covered by inspection certificates signed by CLIENT
approved Third Party inspection agency in accordance with EN 10204:2004
Type 3.2.
The MANUFACTURER shall have an established and documented Quality
Assurance System in accordance with ISO 9001 as defined elsewhere in the
contract. The MANUFACTURER shall maintain this Quality Assurance System
throughout the contract period.
The Quality Assurance System shall contain a minimum of a Quality Plan
comprising of quality manuals covering all activities of the job. The
MANUFACTURER shall also submit an Inspection Plan consisting of detailed
procedures of all the inspections to be performed, schedule of inspections
and procedures for repair of defective materials.
The MANUFACTURER shall proceed with line pipes and other associated
materials, only after CLIENT has approved his Quality Plan and Inspection
Plan.
Where the MANUFACTURERs sub-contracts the whole or main parts of the
work, then these requirements shall be applied in full to the sub-contractors
and the MANUFACTURER shall be responsible for ensuring that these
requirements are satisfied by the sub-contractors.
The MANUFACTURER is responsible for complying with all of the provisions of
this specification. CLIENT may make any investigation necessary to satisfy
himself and may reject any material that does not comply with any specific
requirements. This does not relieve the MANUFACTURER from the obligation
to incorporate additional quality procedures, at the discretion of CLIENT (and
at the MANUFACTURER's cost), in case serious doubt have arisen about
certain quality aspects of the line pipes.

3.

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
The design data that is to be used in this pipeline is contained in Datasheet
No.: 304121-PVE-FD-PL-DAS-001 Data Sheet for Line Pipe.
Pipe manufacturing shall be in accordance with this Specification and API 5L:
2012, 45th Edition. The pipeline is designed according to DNV-OS-F101;
pipeline welding during installation will be in accordance with Doc. No.:

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302141-PVE-FD-PL-SPC-012 Specification for Pipeline Welding, Weld Repair


and NDT.
The line pipes will be manufactured by Longitudinal Submerged Arc Welding
(LSAW) using a single longitudinal seam. The well seams in the LSAW pipe
shall be produced in such a way that at least one submerged-arc welding
pass on the inside of the pipe and at least one submerged-arc welding pass
on the outside of the pipe shall be made. All pipe materials supplied to this
specification shall be manufactured and tested in compliance with the
requirements of this specification.
All manufacturing processes viz. steel making, plate rolling, pipe fabrication,
heat treatment and etc., will be as stated in the Manufacturing Procedure
Specifications (MPS). Minimum required information is listed as per API 5L:
2012, 45th Edition.
The manufacturing procedure specification is required to be qualified. The
detailed of the qualification are given in API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition as
supplemented in this specification. The MANUFACTURER may provide
previous evidence and data to prove that the manufacturing procedure is
suitable to produce the required pipe. This shall be subject to CLIENT
approval.
Except as amended in this specification, all the requirements of API 5L: 2012,
45th Edition are mandatory.
Pipes shall be provided with reusable type metal bevel protectors and end
caps.
The grade of pipe for the pipeline is L450M or X65M, PSL2 as depicted in
Table 1 of API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition.
The MANUFACTURER shall furnish all equipment, plant, materials,
consumables, spares, stockpile areas, labour and supervision necessary to
carry out the line pipe fabrication and testing in accordance with this
specification and in a manner satisfactory to CLIENT.
The MANUFACTURER shall ensure that only skilled and experienced
personnel approved by CLIENT are used to perform and supervise the scope
of work. The MANUFACTURER shall carry out the work with the requirements
of this specification.
4.

MANUFACTURER OBLIGATIONS
The MANUFACTURER shall furnish all the required materials, supervision,
labour, equipment, testing and inspection services, and expenses incidental

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to and necessary for the WORKS specified herein in a manner satisfactory to


CLIENT.
Linepipe shall be manufactured in accordance with the requirements of
Datasheet No.: 304121-PVE-FD-PL-DAS-001 Data Sheet for Line Pipe, this
Specification and API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition. Linepipes shall be marked with
the API Monogram as per Appendix O of API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition.
Pipes for this project shall be manufactured from the CLIENT approved pipe
mills only.
The linepipes shall be 28" OD LSAW with a single longitudinal seam as
specified within this specification and API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition.
Pipe wall thickness and line pipe quantities shall be as identified in the
Datasheets, Purchase Order and any other supporting documentation.
The WORKS covered by this specification shall be carried out in accordance
with procedures developed by the MANUFACTURER for the WORKS in
accordance with the schedule defined in the CONTRACT Documents.
All manufacturing and testing procedures shall be submitted in writing by the
MANUFACTURER for review and approval by CLIENT at least four (4) weeks
prior to implementation of the WORKS. The WORKS shall be performed in
accordance with the approved procedures.
The MANUFACTURER is required to establish an acceptable Quality Plan,
comprising quality manual and procedures covering all the activities of the
order, to comply with the Quality Systems requirements.
Unless otherwise agreed with CLIENT, the MANUFACTURER's Quality System
shall specify the requirements of ISO Quality System.
The MANUFACTURER shall be fully responsible for their Quality Assurance
and associated Quality Control processes.
CLIENT acceptance or approval of the MANUFACTURER's methods,
procedures, supervision, labour, equipment, testing and inspection services,
and any activities related to and necessary for the WORKS shall in no way
relieve the MANUFACTURER of his sole responsibility for the safe, efficient
and satisfactory performance of the WORKS as specified herein to the
satisfaction of CLIENT.
CLIENT shall reserve the right to verify at the MANUFACTURER's premises
that the products conform to the specified requirements. Verification by
CLIENT shall not absolve the MANUFACTURER of the responsibility to provide
an acceptable product, nor shall it preclude subsequent rejection by CLIENT.
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Inspection and testing activities by the MANUFACTURER and verification


/surveillance activities by CLIENT shall be specified, identified and controlled
by the MANUFACTURER's Inspection and Test Plan approved by CLIENT.
The MANUFACTURER shall comply with all the requirements for receiving,
hauling, unloading, storage and loading of the line pipes and other associated
materials as given in Doc. No.: 304121-PVE-FD-PL-SPC-008 Specification for
Transportation, Handling and Storage of Linepipe Material.
The MANUFACTURER shall submit, as a minimum, the required technical
documentation as specified in the Invitation to Tender (ITT) and the Material
Requisition (MR) at the time of the bidding.
The MANUFACTURER shall submit the list of all exceptions or deviations from
this Specification and other referenced specifications or attachments listed in
the MR and ITT documents at the time of submission of the bid.
In the event of conflict, inconsistency or ambiguity between the MR/ITT
documents, this specification, International Codes or Standards, or any other
document referenced, the MANUFACTURER shall refer them to CLIENT for
resolution, whose decision shall be final.
5.

MANUFACTURING AND FABRICATION REQUIREMENTS

5.1.

General Requirements

Please delete
Appendix 4.
Girth weld shall
be performed by
Pipeline
installation
contractor. Pipe
manufacturer
have not enough
equipment and
skill for
performing Girth
weld (that weld5.2.
connect 2 pipes
together)

The pipe material shall conform to the grade API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition
L450M or X65M, product specification level 2 (PSL 2) as specified in the
Purchase Order.
The MANUFACTURERs Manufacturing Procedure Specification (MPS) shall be
subject to qualification as described in Appendix 1 of this Specification.
Weldability tests shall be conducted in accordance with Appendix 3 and
Appendix 4 of this Specification.
Inspection and test requirements are summarized in Appendix 3.
Manufacturing Procedure
All manufacturing, examination, inspection, testing and repair shall be
performed in accordance with the procedures. The procedures shall cover all
manufacturing steps from the steel making to finished pipe and the system
for quality control in each step. The control of received materials shall also be
included in the manufacturing procedures.
The manufacturing procedure shall be submitted to CLIENT for approval. No
manufacturing shall commence until CLIENT approval is received.

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The manufacturing procedure shall state the frequency of testing of the


manufactured pipe in accordance to API 5L 2012, 45th Edition.
5.2.1. Changes to the Manufacturing Procedure
Any of the following changes to the manufacture of the line pipe will require
the Manufacturing Procedure to be re-submitted to CLIENT for qualification
and approval.
a.

Any change in nominal pipe diameter and/or wall thickness;

b.

Any change in steel grade, steelmaking process, rolling condition and


heat treatment of the plate/strips;

c.

Any change in pipe forming, alignment, clamping and joint design for
welding;

d.

Any change in welding process, consumables, gases and/or fluxes;

e.

Any change in the number of passes and number of welding wires used
in each pass;

f.

Any change in hot or cold wire or iron powder addition;

g.

Any change in pre-heating and post weld heat treatment;

h.

Any change in the method of cold expansion and any increase in the cold
expansion above that used during qualification.

5.2.2. Steel Making


The steel shall be manufactured by the electric arc furnace process or basic
oxygen furnace (BOF) process and shall be fully killed, vacuum degassed and
made to fine grain practice (grain size ASTM 8 or finer in accordance with
ASTM E112).
Slab for plate rolling should be produced by the continuous casting process.
Other casting processes may be offered for approval by CLIENT. All surfaces
of the slab shall be inspected visually for defects. Scarfing shall be carried out
to produce an acceptable surface for rolling.
5.2.3. Rolling Technique Heat Treatment
Plates shall be manufactured by thermo-mechanical controlled rolled process.
As the properties of the plate material are dependent upon control of rolling
temperature, the mill shall be adequately instrumented to ensure proper
control and hence consistency in the physical properties of the product.
Control of intermediate and finish rolling temperatures shall form the part of
the approved mill procedure.
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Banded structure in terms of segregated bands of carbides shall not be


acceptable.
Rolling ratio shall be equal to or above 3.5.
5.2.4. Process of Pipe Manufacture
The pipes shall manufacture according to specification API 5L: 2012, 45th
Edition with some additional and modified supplementary requirements
specified in this specification.
The pipes shall be manufactured from plates by cold forming and mechanical
expansion (UOE process) or suitable manufacturing process. 3-roll bending
process, with external fibre strain restricted to 1.5 % shall be subject to
CLIENT approval.

Please delete
Appendix 4.
Girth weld shall
be performed by
Pipeline
installation
contractor. Pipe
manufacturer
have not enough
equipment and
skill for
performing Girth
weld (that weld
be connected 2
pipes together)
5.3.

After execution of the longitudinal seam, the run-on and run-off tabs shall be
removed by flame cutting or sawing only (mechanical breaking of tabs shall
be for bidden).
The pipes shall be cold expanded or hydrostatically expanded to provide
permanent strain in the range at 0.8% to 1.5%. Pipe shall be sized,
straightened and hydrostatically tested.
The MANUFACTURER shall conduct all examinations, inspection, dimensional
checks and mechanical tests described in this Specification and API 5L: 2012,
45th Edition. The results of all the examinations, dimensional checks and
mechanical tests shall conform to the requirements of this Specification and
API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition. All results shall be recorded and provided to
CLIENT in accordance with the requirements of this Specification and API 5L:
2012, 45h Edition. Weldability tests (as per Appendix 4) shall be carried out
for offshore sections using pipes with the highest CEPcm.
Welding

or adding more: The weldablity tests of Girth weld (as per


5.3.1. Welding Processes Appendix 4) shall be performed by Pipeline installation contractor
The welding process for longitudinal seam shall be confined to the automatic
Submerged Arc Welding (SAW) process.
Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW) process may be used for tack-welding only
provided that the weld is completely smelted by the Submerged Arc Welding
process. Tack welding shall be performed for the entire length of the weld to
ensure good dimensional control of the linepipe.

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Each welding procedure shall be fully detailed in a Welding Procedure


Specification (WPS) to be approved by CLIENT, or its authorised
representative.
5.3.2. Welding Consumables
Welding consumables shall meet the following requirements:

The weld deposits obtained from the consumables shall satisfy the
fracture toughness and hardness requirements of this Specification and
shall have tensile properties that are equal to or slightly higher than those
of the base metal. Weld metal shall not overmatch the maximum Ultimate
Tensile Strength of the base metal by more than 20%.

All welding consumables shall conform to ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel
Code, Section II Part C or approved equivalent.

The MANUFACTURER shall obtain manufacturers test certificates (3.1


certificates according to EN 10204) for each batch of consumables used
on the job.

Welding wire: 3.1

Welding flux: 2.2


(According to DNV
F101 2012, Section 7,
Item B319, Page 108
and conforming to
actual welding
consummable

manufacturer over the


world.)

The MANUFACTURER'S procedure for storing and handling of welding


consumables and flux recycling/reconditioning shall be approved by
CLIENT, or its authorised representative, before commencement of
production welding. All requirements shall be as per API 5L: 2012, 45th
Edition.
All welding consumables shall be subject to inspection by CLIENT, or its
authorised representative. The manufacturer's acceptance test certificates
for each batch and lot of consumables shall be available for that purpose.
These documents shall certify that the consumables meet the
requirements of the relevant standards for classification and grade.

5.3.3. Welding Procedure Qualifications


The welding procedure for the longitudinal weld shall be qualified together
with the manufacturing procedure qualification tests (see Appendix 1) based
on the submitted WPS.
Repair welding each test weld shall represent a repair of simulated (or actual)
defects oriented longitudinally in the longitudinal weld seam. Unless
otherwise agreed by CLIENT, or its authorised representative, two repair
types shall be qualified by the test.

One deep repair (mid-thickness or 2/3 thickness) simulating a defect


located on the fusion line;

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One shallow repair with 2 welds passes minimum simulating a defect


located at weld toe. Each welding repair shall be qualified on a pipe
section in accordance with API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition and this
Specification.

The mid-thickness repair shall be subject to the following tests:

100% visual, radiography, ultrasonic examination and MPI in accordance


with Section 11.4 of this Specification.

Charpy tests in accordance with Section 7.3, but with the sets removed
from the following locations:
-

Repair weld centerline;

Fusion line between repair weld and original weld;

Fusion line between repairs welds and parent material.

Macro/hardness test in accordance with Section 7.5 of this Specification;

Two tensile tests transverse to weld as per Section 7.2 of this


Specification;

MPI in accordance with Section 11.4 of this Specification;

The shallow repair shall be subject to:


Macro/hardness test in accordance with Section 7.5 of this Specification.
100% MPI in accordance with Section 11.4 of this Specification.
5.3.4. Welder Qualification
Welders or welding operators who have performed a satisfactory welding
procedure qualification test are thereby qualified. Other welders shall be
qualified by visual and radiographic examination and side bend tests, in
accordance with an internationally recognized qualification standard.
6.

CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
The chemical composition of the steel shall be as given in Table 6-1. The
tolerances and acceptable range applied for each element shall be provided
in the MPS. The percentage present of every element in Table 6-1 shall be
stated in the product analysis report of the finished pipe even if some
elements are not added on purpose but are present as residuals only. No
element shall be added to the steel without the written approval of CLIENT.
Ladle and product analyses shall be furnished to CLIENT concurrently with
production for each heat of steel. For continuous cast processes, the term
"heat" shall define each casting.

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The MANUFACTURER shall advise CLIENT or its representative if any


deviations outside the limits placed on heat and product analyses in the
manufacturing procedure specification (MPS). Each required analysis shall
include the determination of each of the elements listed in Table 6-1,
together with the analysis for any other elements whose addition has been
approved by CLIENT or its representative. Any deviations from the maximum
percent specified in Table 6-1 shall be submitted to CLIENT for review and
approval.
Table 6-1: Chemical Composition
Element

According to API 5L
2012, Annex J,
Table J.1
(Plate manufacturer
can not produce the
steel plate if the
chemical
composition is more
strictly than API 5L
standard
requirement

Symbol

Product Analysis % (Max.)

Carbon

0.12

Silicon

Si

0.45

Manganese

Mn

1.65

Sulphur

0.01

Phosphorus

0.02

Copper

Cu

0.35

Nickel

Ni

0.3

0.5

Molybdenum

Mo

0.1

0.5

Chromium

Cr

0.3

0.5

Niobium

Nb

0.05

Vanadium

0.05

0.1

Titanium

Ti

0.05

0.06

Aluminium (total)

AI

0.05

0.06

Nitrogen

0.008

0.012

Boron

0.0005

Calcium

Ca

0.005

0.5

0.08

Notes:
1. The sum of Nb+V+ Ti shall not exceed 0.15 percent.
2. The soluble Al: N ratio shall not be less than 2:1. Altotal 0.06%, N 0.012%.
3. Mo 0.1%; B 0.0005%; Cu 0.35%; Ni 0.3%; Cr 0.3%.
4. The carbon equivalent value (CEPcm) based on product analysis shall be calculated by the
following formulae, shall not exceed 0.22% for the line pipe material and weld.
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According to API 5L, Table 18 and Table J.6. The chemcial


composition and carbon equivalent is on steel only. The weld is not
applied for calculating carbon equivalent

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SPECIFICATIONS FOR LINEPIPE

CE Pcm =C+

V
10

Mo
15

Cr+Mn+Cu
20

Si
30

Ni

+5B

60

5. Any deliberate addition of Boron (B) or Nitrogen (N) is not allowed.

7.

MECHANICAL TESTING

7.1.

Test Frequency
The mechanical testing for qualification and production shall be done
according to Appendix 3, Testing and Inspection.

In addition, 1 pipe /
1 heat or 2 pipes /
heats of each OD
and wall thickness
combination.
According to DNV
OS F101, Section
7, A803 and other
project
requirement
7.2.

The specified destructive tests shall


selected from each lot of 50 pipes
transverse and longitudinal directions
authorised representative, reserves
destructive tests.

be carried out on one finished pipe


(or part thereof) produced, in both
for every heat number. CLIENT or its
the right to select the pipes for

In addition three of the completely finished pipes of the first day production
shall be selected at random for testing to verify that the submitted
manufacturing procedure results in fully acceptable pipes. These pipes shall
be subjected to the inspection and tests as described in Appendix 1, for
Qualification of Pipe Manufacturing Procedure.
Tensile Test
Acceptance criteria for tensile tests should be per Table J.2, API 5L: 2012,
45th Edition.
Tensile testing will take sample as the mentioned in Appendix 2, Hardness
Survey. The tensile, yield and elongation properties of base metal shall be
determined.
The actual yield strength of the pipe material shall not exceed the specified
minimum yield strength as required by API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition, grade
specified by more than 120 MPa (17,404 psi) i.e, Minimum SMYS: 450 MPa,
Maximum SMYS: 570 MPA. The actual Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS) shall
be maintained within the range of 535 MPa to 760 MPa. When the round bar
specimen is used, the yield strength measured shall be the 0.2% proof
stress.
The minimum required elongation shall be determined in accordance with the
Table J.2 (note f) in API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition.
Tensile properties shall be determined from specimens removed from the
pipe in its final condition (i.e. after mechanical expansion).

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Modify:
Transverse of
pipe body
(T180)
According to API
5L, Table 20,
Table J.7, Annex
7.3.
J and Appendix
2
of this spec. 7.3.1.

Tensile strength of weld seam shall be as per Table J2 API 5L: 2012, 45th
Edition.
The ratio of yield strength to tensile strength in base material shall not
exceed 0.93 in the transverse and longitudinal directions.
Toughness Test
General
The fracture toughness of the pipe shall be determined in all cases by the use
of Charpy V-notch impact tests in accordance with Section 9.8, Annex J of
API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition.
Charpy test specimens shall be full-size (10mm x 10mm) transverse
specimens whenever possible.
Three sets shall be tested on each test ring taken for tensile testing with
three specimens taken from the each of the following positions:

Pipe body at 90 degrees to the weld

Weld centerline

Heat Affected Zone (note 1)

Note 1:
Heat Affected Zone location shall be the zone which gave the lowest energy values in Fusion
Line/ Fusion Line + 2mm/ Fusion Line + 5mm tests carried out for Manufacturing Procedure
Qualification.

Charpy test specimens shall be located at the mid-thickness of the pipe with
the axis of the notch perpendicular to the pipe surface. Specimen locations
for weldments are shown in Figure A of Appendix 1.
7.3.2. Test Temperature
The Charpy V-notch impact test temperature shall be as equal as minimum
design temperature for thicknesses equal to or below 20mm. For linepipe
thicknesses above 20mm, test temperature shall be 10oC below minimum
design temperature.
7.3.3. Charpy V-Notch Energy Requirements
In order to have adequate toughness against the ductile fracture, the Charpy
V-Notch energy and shear area requirements for line pipe material API 5L:
2012, 45th Edition, X65M shall be observed as per table below, which contains
the following nominal values for the minimum average/individual impact
values and minimum average/individual shear area.
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Please delete.
according to
Table 20, Table
J.7 and Appendix
2 of this spec

Charpy V-Notch
Energy

Minimum Average
(J)

Minimum Individual
(J)

Transverse

45

38

Longitudinal

67.5

57

7.3.4. Fracture Arrest


In addition, the pipe material shall exhibit fracture arrest capabilities. For
Grade API 5L X65M linepipe, the minimum average absorbed energy for full
size Charpy V specimen located transverse to the pipe axis, in the pipe body,
shall be as tabulated below:
OD

Wall Thickness
17.5 WT 20mm

20 < WT 25mm

90J (average)

95J (average)

28
7.4.

Drop Weight Tear Test


Full-wall Drop Weight Tear Tests (DWTT) shall be performed, in accordance
with API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition and API RP 5L3.
A full DWTT transition curve shall be established as part of the Manufacturing
Procedure qualification tests.

Please modify: "


the average value
of a set of two...."
According to API
5L, Section 9.9

Production tests shall be at the rate of one pipe per heat. Three full thickness
transverse specimens shall be taken from one length of the pipe from each
Two
heat supplied.
According to API 5L,
DWTT production tests shall be conducted at 0C.
Section 9.9 and Table 20
Each specimen of a set of two production test specimens shall exhibit a
minimum of 85 percent shear area on the fracture surface.
Retest criteria shall be as per Section G.3, Annex G, API 5L: 2012, 45th
Edition.

7.5.

Marco/Hardness Tests
The weld shall be evaluated by removing a pipe cross section containing the
weld. The section shall include the weld fusion line, heat affected zone (HAZ)
and parent metal on both sides of the weld and shall be polished and etched
for examination. The weld shall have complete penetration and fusion. The
geometry, including plate edges and inside and outside weld profile shall be

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within the tolerances specified in the Manufacturing Procedure Specification.


There shall be no evidence of defects.

Please delete.
According to API
5L, Table J.6 and
Table 18

7.6.

Vickers hardness testing with a 10kg load shall be conducted on the weld
cross sections. The hardness traverse shall be in accordance with Appendix 2
of this specification. The hardness shall not exceed 270 HV10 on the base
material, weld metal and 300 HV10 in the heat affected zone (HAZ).
If any results exceed this hardness limit, two further sections from the same
weld shall be prepared and tested. If either of these specimens give results
that exceed the hardness limit the entire heat shall be rejected. CLIENT will
define additional tests (if required) for all other heats of steel being supplied.
Micrography
One specimen of 30mm long in the rolling direction shall be extracted from
base material, at 20mm from the weld toe and at 180 to the weld seam.
They shall be properly polished and etched. They shall be examined at 5mm
from the external and internal surfaces and at mid thickness, every 10mm in
the rolling direction, with a magnification of X100. The microstructure shall
not show banded structure in terms of segregated bands of carbides or
carbide components.

8.

DIMENSIONAL REQUIREMENTS
The requirement for mass tolerance will be referred to Section 9.14, API 5L:
2012, 45th Edition. The dimensions, length, weights, and straightness of pipe
shall comply with API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition and the following:

8.1.

Diameter

8.1.1. Body
Dimensional tolerances on outside diameter (OD) of the pipe body shall not
exceed 0.5%; +0.5% of the specified nominal outside diameter (O.D),
measured with a diameter tape.
The out-of-roundness of the outside diameter of the pipe at any point along
its length shall not exceed the following:
(Max.O.D - Min.O.D)
Nominal .O.D
1.0 percent

Peaking of the pipe body at the weld shall not deviate more than 1.5mm from
the design form.

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8.1.2. Ends
The tolerance on the nominal internal diameter within 100mm of the pipe
ends shall be within tolerance 1.6mm.
Nominal ID = Nominal OD - 2 x Nominal Wall Thickness
Please modify: "a
tape"
same with other
project

The out-of-roundness at the pipe ends shall not exceed the following:
(Max.I.D - Min.I.D)
Nominal .I.D 0.75 percent

ID measurements shall be made at a minimum of six (6) locations using a bar


gauge or CLIENT approved alternative, measuring the actual maximum and
minimum diameters.
8.2.

Wall Thickness
The wall thickness of each pipe shall be checked during production to ensure
uniformity.

Please delete.
because the
thickness of the bend
shall be reduced
more than 3 mm
(based on actual
thickness) at the
extrados point after
hot induction bending.
8.3.
The bend
manufacturer and
other project only
control the min
thickness
Please modify:
11.5m and
8.4.
12.2m.
Because some
pipe must be
to cut 400 450mm for
production
tests
8.5.

The pipe wall thickness at any point shall not deviate by more than 1 mm
(10 mm < wall thickness 20 mm) and +1.5 mm/ -1 mm (wall thickness >
20 mm) from the specified nominal wall thickness.
Note that for any pipe designated to be used for factory induction bends, the
pipe wall thickness tolerance shall be + 1.5mm/ 0.0mm from the specified
nominal wall thickness).
Length
The pipe shall be supplied to the following length requirements unless
otherwise specified in the Purchase Order:
The nominal pipe length shall be 12.2m;

Please modify: 12m.

All pipes shall have lengths between 11.9m and 12.4m.


Straightness
Pipe shall be checked for straightness and the deviation from a straight line
shall not exceed 12mm per 12m pipe length or 0.1%. Measurements shall be
made using a taut string or wire from end to end along the side of the pipe
measuring the greatest deviation.
Squareness of Pipe Ends
The pipe ends shall be cut square in regard to the longitudinal axis of the
pipe within 1.5mm across any diameter.
Please modify: according to API 5L, 9.12.1.4
"1.6mm"

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8.6.

8.7.

8.8.

Pipe End Preparation


Pipe ends shall be as per API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition. The pipeline shall be
supplied with ends bevelled according to API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition, Clause
9.12.5.2. The MANUFACTURER shall provide 5% spare bevel protectors.
Geometric deviation (Dent,
Jointers
Bulges, Flat areas, etc.) must
be complied to API 5L ,
Jointers shall not be permitted.
Section 9.10.5
Bulges, Dents and Flat Areas
Any sharp deformations shall be unacceptable.
No dents are allowed in the pipe body as well as on weld seams.

8.9.
The max radial
offset shall
comply with
Table 14 of API
5L, Section 9.13
9.

Misalignment of Plate Edges


For pipes with wall thickness greater than 10mm, the maximum radial offset
shall not exceed 10% of the specified wall thickness subject to a maximum of
1.5mm. Height of weld bread, misalignment of weld bread will be referred to
Section 9.13, API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition.
HYDROSTATIC TESTING

bead

Hydrostatic testing of the pipe shall be in accordance with the requirements


of Section 9.4 of API 5L: 2012 45th Edition.
The hydrostatic test equipment shall be equipped with a recording gauge that
will record test pressure and duration of test applied to each length of pipe.
The identity of each pipe under test shall be recorded alongside the pressure
trace on the chart. Hydrostatic test records, which include the pipe identity,
shall be made available to CLIENT, or its authorized representative.
10.

INSPECTION

10.1. General
The MANUFACTURER shall bear full responsibility for the conformity of the
supplied items to all requirements of this Specification. The MANUFACTURER
shall for this purpose, take all necessary measures, making use of suitable
means, devices and qualified personnel to ensure permanent and effective
control at each stage of manufacture.
All inspection operations carried out by the MANUFACTURER during pipe
manufacture shall be regularly reported and updated. These reports shall be
available for inspection by the INSPECTOR at any time.
If during pipe production, unacceptable defects are found at a rate of 5% or
more for a specific type of defect, the INSPECTOR shall have the right to
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require the MANUFACTURER to increase his Quality control programmed to


an appropriate level and to maintain it until the causes of the defect are
identified and eliminated.
CLIENT may require the main production to be stopped at any stage of the
order if:
a. The total of heats rejected exceeds 10% of the total heats offered;
b. More than 10% of the pipes are rejected (or re-routed for repairs or reprocessing) in any day's production.
Production shall not proceed until the cause of the difficulty has been
established and corrected as approved by CLIENT.
Only pipes meeting the full requirements of this Specification shall be
presented to the INSPECTOR for final acceptance. If pipes are repeatedly
rejected for any recurring cause, this shall be sufficient to refuse any more
pipes for final examination until the cause has been corrected.
The MANUFACTURER shall provide office space and inspection facilities as
required by the INSPECTOR. Free access shall be allowed to him in the steel
mill, the plate or strip mill and the pipe mill at all times during manufacture
and testing. A suitable working area shall be reserved for the INSPECTOR at
the end of the production line or at any other agreed location so that he can
carry out his own inspections of the finished pipes.
All manufacturing procedure qualification tests may be witnessed by CLIENT
or its authorised representative. In addition, all pipes may be subject to
inspection by CLIENT or its authorised representative. The MANUFACTURER
shall give sufficient notice of the time when pipe production is to begin.
CLIENT or its authorised representative will have the option to examine all
materials rejected for any reason. The causes for rejection shall be brought
to the attention of CLIENT or its authorised representative, and all affected
materials shall be retained until examined by CLIENT or its authorised
representative.
10.2. Visual Inspection/Workmanship
A visual examination of the inside and outside pipe surfaces, the weld bevels
and the weld seam shall be carried out on each pipe. The standards of
acceptance shall conform to API 5L: 2012 45th Editions with the following
additional requirements.
Pipe bevels containing laminations shall be cut back until clear.
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The MANUFACTURER shall take all reasonable precautions to ensure that the
pipe surface is free from imperfections that might interfere with the efficient
application of an external coating. In addition, the metal surfaces shall be
sufficiently clean and smooth to permit Non-Destructive examination. All
loose scale shall be removed, and pitting and rough surfaces removed by
grinding. Pipe shall have a workmanlike finish, and the MANUFACTURER shall
remove those by grinding, mechanical marks and abrasions, such as cable
marks, scores, etc., and also imperfections such as scabs, seams, laps, tears,
and slivers, even though these imperfections may be shallow enough to be
within wall thickness tolerances.
The maximum height of outside and inside weld bead shall be not more than
3.0 mm. All pipes shall be checked for weld bead height and shall be
measured and recorded three times per shift.

Please delete
Acceptance
criteria shall be in
accordance with
API 5L, Annex J,
Section 9.10.2

Defects having a depth greater than 5% of the specified nominal wall


thickness shall be considered unacceptable. Minor defects may be removed
by grinding or polishing or both, provided that a smooth curved surface is
maintained and that the wall thickness is not decreased below the specified
minimum.
Any weld undercut with maximum depth of 0.2mm is acceptable in any
length. Undercuts, 0.2 mm< depth 0.5mm are permitted for weld lengths
of 50mm maximum. All other undercuts greater than 0.5mm in depth shall be
removed by grinding or repaired by welding.
Detects consisting of sharp gouges shall be removed by grinding.
Thickness measurements shall be made on all areas where grinding has been
carried out. The final thickness after grinding shall not be less than the
specified minimum wall thickness.
Any cracks or leaks shall be clearly marked and the pipe length quarantined
and made available for inspection or investigation by the INSPECTOR.

11.

NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING
The types and extent of NDT required for LSAW line pipe shall be per API 5L:
2012, 45th Edition.

11.1. Procedures
All NDT shall be performed in accordance with written procedures. These
procedures shall be approved by CLIENT or its authorized representative,
prior to the testing.
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Non-Destructive Testing procedures shall be subject to qualification tests


prior to their use in production, unless otherwise agreed by CLIENT or its
authorized representative. Qualification records shall be established by the
MANUFACTURER and duly signed by the INSPECTOR.
11.2. Personnel
All Non-Destructive Testing personnel shall be properly certified, by a third
party, in accordance with ASNT Recommended Practice SNT-TC-1A, PCN or
equivalent alternative qualification. All operators shall be certified at Level-II,
as a minimum.
11.3. Examination of Plates
All plates shall be inspected visually and tested ultrasonically to ensure
freedom from laminations and/or major clusters of inclusions. The coverage,
sensitivity and acceptance levels for ultrasonic examination shall be as
follows:
11.3.1. Edges
All four edges of the plate, after cutting to final size for pipe forming, shall be
examined for laminations and inclusion clusters along a band 75 mm wide
and shall meet the minimum requirements of BS EN 10160 Class E2, or
equivalent.
11.3.2. Body
The body of the plate or completed pipe shall be ultrasonically scanned and
shall meet the minimum requirements of BS EN 10160 Class S1, or
equivalent, with respect to laminations and inclusion clusters. Scanning shall
be along parallel lines at right angles to the principal rolling direction. The
maximum scan line separation shall be 60mm. The maximum number of
imperfections allowed in any 1m2 shall be 5.
11.4. Examination of Pipe
In general, all requirements and acceptance criteria for NDT of all types of
line pipe shall per to API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition and additional/ supplementary
requirements given in this Specification.
11.4.1. Ultrasonic Examination
The weld seam shall be ultrasonically tested after hydrostatic testing and cold
expansion. Submerged arc welds shall be inspected over their entire length,
for both longitudinal and transverse defects, using ultrasonic examination in
accordance with API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition.
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The MANUFACTURER shall furnish for approval by CLIENT, or its authorized


representative, a complete description of the proposed procedures, including
a description of the equipment; the number, size, angle, frequency, mode,
and location of the transducers; continuity checking; scanning speed; method
of weld tracking; defect marking methods; operator qualification; calibration
reference standards, and acceptance limits. During the first day of
production, the MANUFACTURER shall demonstrate to the satisfaction of
CLIENT or its authorized representative, the dynamic calibration of ultrasonic
equipment at normal inspection speed, using an API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition.
The equipment for ultrasonic examination shall be fitted with an automatic
paint spray system for marking areas giving ultrasonic indications and areas
of loss of ultrasonic coupling with the pipe.
11.4.2. Radiographic Examination
Areas exhibiting
X-ray examination shall be carried out on each end of the weld seam in SAW
ultrasonic indications
pipe for a distance of at least 200 mm, any parts of the weld seam not
shall be examined
scanned by all probes in the automatic ultrasonic array, on all welding reAUTO UT and
confirmed by Manual starts, repair welds, areas exhibiting ultrasonic indications and welding
UT.Because, The RT procedure qualification test welds. All films shall be available for inspection by
can not confirm for
CLIENT or its authorized representative. Radiographic examination shall be
all indication of UT
made using X-rays, with fine grain high contrast direct films, lead screens and
a single wall, single image technique, generally in accordance with API 5L:
2012, 45th Edition or approved equivalent.
11.4.3. Magnetic Particle Inspection (MPI)
All finished joint bevels of pipe ends and internal and external weld surfaces
within 150mm of the pipe ends shall be examined by magnetic particle
inspection using the wet technique. MPI shall also be used for the
investigation of the surface of specific areas which have been repaired or are
considered otherwise suspect.
MPI shall be conducted in accordance with ASTM E709 or approved
equivalent. The sensitivity of the method shall be regularly checked using a
recognized calibration block or material containing appropriate defects. Direct
magnetisation techniques including prods and clamps are not acceptable. AC
All repairing area of surface
techniques are preferred.
dont need to perform MPI
according to API 5L

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PACKAGE: LOOP PIPELINE
SPECIFICATIONS FOR LINEPIPE

11.5. Acceptance Limits


11.5.1. Ultrasonic Examination
Using RT for
Acceptance criteria for weld discontinuities shall be in accordance with API
confirmation of
5L: 2012, 45th Edition. Any imperfection which produces a signal of height
AUTs
imperfections
exceeding the reference to annex E, Section E5.5, API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition
will be not
shall be considered an unacceptable defect. Any imperfection found by the
suitable for result
automatic ultrasonic system shall be further investigated by manual ultrasonic
Interpretation.
and radiographic examination (see Section 11.4).
11.5.2. Radiography
The acceptance criteria for radiography shall conform to API 5L: 2012, 45th
Edition and the following:
Incomplete penetration and lack of fusion of any size are not acceptable;
Elongated slag inclusions shall not exceed 1.5 mm in width and 6.4 mm in
length will be referred to table E5, API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition;
Circular slag-inclusions and gas-pockets shall not exceed 2.5 mm in
diameter will be referred to table E6, API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition;
The cumulated length of all discontinuities in any 152.4 mm of weld length
According to API
shall not exceed 12.7 mm;
5L, Table E.5 and
E.6
Maximum area fraction of porosities, on the radiograph, shall not exceed
1% of any 50mm of weld length;
Porosities and inclusions appearing on the radiograph within 50 mm of the
pipe end shall be considered as unacceptable defects.
11.5.3. Magnetic Particle Inpsection
Linear indications exceeding 3mm in length shall not be acceptable and shall
require re-beveling.
12.

REPAIRS

12.1. Repairs: Body of Pipe


Repairs by welding on the pipe body are not permitted. The repair of dents is
not acceptable.
Surface defects in the pipe outside the welded seam and not encroaching
upon the required minimum thickness may be removed by grinding provided
a smooth curved surface is maintained and the final thickness after grinding
is not less than the required minimum thickness as confirmed by ultrasonic
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PACKAGE: LOOP PIPELINE
SPECIFICATIONS FOR LINEPIPE

testing. Apart from minor cosmetic grinding as approved by the INSPECTOR,


all repairs shall be carried out before cold expansion and hydrostatic test.
When grinding repairs are made because of imperfections found by NonDestructive testing, the section of the pipe containing such repairs shall be
subjected to re-examination testing using the same Non-Destructive testing
techniques and magnetic particle inspect ion after the grinding operation.
12.2. Repairs: Welded Seam of Pipe
All repairs shall be carried out before cold expansion, hydrostatic test and
approved by CLIENT or its authorized representative. The repair shall be
made by manual metal arc using low hydrogen electrodes to a qualified
procedure. Qualification shall be carried out as stated in Section 5.3 of this
Specification.
No repair shall be permitted 1mm from each pipe end. Repairs to the welded
seam shall be limited to three per pipe. The cumulative length of repair
welding shall not exceed 5% of the total weld length on each pipe. The repair
of pipe with defects in excess of these limits shall only be permitted with the
prior approval of CLIENT or its authorized representative.
Any evidence of cracking in the weld shall be cause for rejection and
subsequent investigation.
All weld seam repairs shall be subject to X-radiographic examination,
ultrasonic examination and magnetic particle inspection.
13.
According to API
5L, Please modify
as below: " All
weld seam
repairs shall be
subject to NDT
method that
found the defects

MARKING AND TRACEABILITY


Pipe shall be furnished bare and free of all mill coating.
Each pipe shall be die-stamped with its unique pipe number on the weld
bevel at each end. No other die stamping, hot or cold, shall be permitted.
Paint stenciled markings shall be made at the inside surface of both pipe
ends and shall include:
Markings as specified by API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition;
PM3-CM Loop Pipeline;

Please modify:
"one pipe
end..."

Purchase order No;


Heat No;
Pipe No;
Hydrotest Pressure;
Weight ;
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PACKAGE: LOOP PIPELINE
SPECIFICATIONS FOR LINEPIPE

Unique Pipe Number;


All units shall be metric. Outside marking shall include diameter, wall
thickness, length and material grade at one end only.
The mill unique pipe number is a number which is unique to every individual
pipe produced, and which is used for internal mill control. It shall be unique
throughout all production for the project regardless of item number or
purchase order.
Pipe markings shall include the following information, as applicable:

Name or mark of the manufacturer of the pipe (X);

Number designation of this International Standard (API 5L/ISO 3183)


plus, or alternatively, an identical national adoption of this International
Standard if agreed;

Specified outside diameter;

Specified wall thickness;

Pipe steel grade (steel name) (see Table 1, API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition);

Product specification level designation;

Type of pipe (see Table 2, API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition);

Mark of the customer's inspection representative (Y), if applicable;

An identification number (Z), which permits the correlation of the product


or delivery unit (e.g bundled pipe) with the related inspection document,
if applicable.

Except as allowed by 11.2.3 and 11.2.4, API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition, the
required markings shall be applied durably, legibly and be as follows:
On the outside surface of the pipe, in the sequence listed in see 11.2.1,
API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition, starting at a point between, 450 mm and 760
mm from one of the pipe ends;
On the inside surface of the pipe, starting at a point at least 150 mm from
one of the pipe ends.
If agreed, low-stress die-stamping or vibro-etching on the pipe surface may
be used, subject to the following limitations:
Such marks shall be on the pipe bevel face or within 150 mm of one of the
pipe ends;
Such marks shall be at least 25 mm from any weld;
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PACKAGE: LOOP PIPELINE
SPECIFICATIONS FOR LINEPIPE

Cold die-stamping [at temperatures < 100 C (210 F)] of plate, strip or
pipe not subsequently heat treated shall be done only if rounded or blunt
dies are used.
For pipe intended for subsequent coating, if agreed, marking may be done at
the coater's facility rather than at the pipe mill. In such cases, traceability
shall be ensured, e.g. by application of a unique number (by individual pipe
or heat of steel).
If a temporary protective coating (see section 12.1.2, API 5L: 2012, 45th
Edition) is applied, the markings shall be legible after such coating.
In addition to the markings specified in section 11.2.1, API 5L: 2012, 45th
Edition, the pipe length shall be marked as follows, in metres to two decimal
places (feet to tenths of a foot) or, if agreed, in a different format and shall
be as follows:
The individual pipe length (as measured on the finished pipe) shall be
marked:
At a convenient location on the outside surface of the pipe;
If agreed, at a convenient location on the inside surface of the pipe.
For pipe furnished with couplings, the length as measured to the outer
face of the coupling shall be marked.
If agreed, the manufacturer shall apply a daub of paint, approximately 50
mm in diameter, on the inside surface of each length of pipe. The paint
colour shall be as per Table 27, API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition if the pipe grade is
applicable; for all other grades, the paint colour shall be as specified in the
purchase order.
14.

PROTECTION OF PIPE ENDS


End caps (and bevel protectors, where applicable) shall be provided unless
otherwise approved by CLIENT. The pipe shall be handled by hook and belt,
this belt shall be contacted direct to pipe to prevent breaking. The
MANUFACTURER shall provide additional 5% end caps as required by pipe
coating manufacturer.

15.

HANDLING AND STORAGE OF PIPE


All pipes shall be handled, loaded and shipped in accordance with Project
requirements as defined in the Purchase Order.
The MANUFACTURER shall submit loading instructions and diagrams for
CLIENT or its authorised representative, approval for all pipes shipped by rail,

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PACKAGE: LOOP PIPELINE
SPECIFICATIONS FOR LINEPIPE

truck or vessel. However, approval of these documents shall not relieve the
MANUFACTURER of its responsibility for damage during shipment.
All dimensional tolerances and pipe surface conditions specified herein and in
API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition shall apply to the pipe as received by CLIENT or its
authorised representative, at the shipping destination.
16.

RECORDS, TEST REPORTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


Unless otherwise specified, certificates shall be of Type 3.2 as per BS EN
10204.
The following records and test reports shall be furnished by the
MANUFACTURER to CLIENT or its authorised representative:

Please delete.
Because
weldability test
apply to girth
weld, Pv Pipe
dont perform
Girth welding at
Pv Pipe factory

Certified chemical analysis and mechanical test results; (tensile tests,


Charpy V-notch impact tests, hardness test, DWTT, etc.)
Non-Destructive examination reports;
Hydrostatic test certificates;
Weldability test report and MANUFACTURERs recommendations or guide
for welding of pipes;
List of pipes showing pipe numbers, heat numbers, individual length and
weight;
Pipe manufacturing procedure qualification test records;
Concession Requests (if applicable);
Date of plate and pipe manufacture;
Dimensional records;
Final inspection and release data;
Description and disposal of repairs;
Load out and despatch data;
Material test certificates (MTRs);
Equipment calibration certificates;
NDT operator certificates and quality plan.
In addition to above, the MANUFACTURER shall provide linepipe tracking data
on Electronic Files as approved by CLIENT or its authorised representative. As
a minimum, these shall include the following data for each delivered pipe in
EXCEL spreadsheet format:

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PACKAGE: LOOP PIPELINE
SPECIFICATIONS FOR LINEPIPE

Mill unique pipe number;


Heat or Cast Number;
Other identity numbers of importance to the pipe mill traceability; (e.g.
parent plate number)
Measured pipe length;
Actual pipe length;
Mill release date;
Other specific data to be recorded shall be agreed with CLIENT or its
authorised representative, prior to start of the work.
17.

APPENDICES
Appendix 1: Qualification of Pipe Manufacturing Procedure
Appendix 2: Hardness Survey
Appendix 3: Testing and Inspection
Appendix 4: Girth Welding Tests
Girth welding
dont carry out at
PV Pipe

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PACKAGE: ENHANCED CAPACITY FOR PM3-CM GAS PIPELINE
Error! Unknown document property name.

APPENDIX 1
QUALIFICATION OF PIPE MANUFACTURING PROCEDURE

(06 pages)

Appendix 1: Qualification of Pipe Manufacturing Procedure

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Error! Unknown document property name.

QUALIFICATION OF PIPE MANUFACTURING PROCEDURE


Three pipes from the first day production, as defined in Section 7.1 of this Specification
In addition, 1
pipe / 1 heat
or 2 pipes /
heats of each
OD and wall
thickness
combination.
According to
DNV OS
F101, Section
7, A803 and
other project
requirement

shall be subjected to the inspection and tests as described below in order to qualify the
manufacturing procedure. These pipes may be selected by the INSPECTOR.
If any of the first day production tests fail, production shall be halted and all pipes
produced shall be identified and rejected. The reason for the failure shall be identified
to the satisfaction of CLIENT or its authorised representative. The manufacturing
procedure shall be amended. A new set of tests shall be conducted on the first days
production to the new procedure. MPQT shall be performed for each OD and wall
thickness combination.
A1

Visual and Dimensional Inspection

The selected pipe shall be inspected for compliance with dimensional tolerances, wall
thickness and surface condition in accordance with the requirements of this
Specification.
A2

Non-Destructive Tests

The entire pipe shall be subject to ultrasonic examination and either electro-magnetic or
magnetic particle examination for longitudinal and transverse defects and laminations.
This shall include MPI examination of pipe ends.
The weld seam shall be subject to x-radiography along its full length.
A3

Chemical Analysis

A chemical analysis shall be carried out on the pipe body and on an all-weld-metal
coupon. Please adding: "Chemical analysis on an all-weld metal are for information only"
According to API 5L
A full chemical analysis shall be made on inside weld bead and outside weld bead. As a
minimum, all the elements as per the composition requirement of the applicable
consumable specification shall be analysed.
A4

Mechanical Tests

Tensile Tests

Appendix 1: Qualification of Pipe Manufacturing Procedure

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PACKAGE: ENHANCED CAPACITY FOR PM3-CM GAS PIPELINE

Please modify: "two transverse


directions to pipe axis" according to
Table 20, API 5L

Error! Unknown document property name.

Two tensile specimens (one longitudinal and one transverse directions to pipe axis) in
accordance with API 5L: 2012, 45th Edition shall be removed from each pipe end.
Strip specimens shall be used unless otherwise agreed by CLIENT or its authorised
representative.
The yield strength, tensile strength, elongation and yield to tensile strength ratio shall
conform to the requirements of this Specification.
An all-weld-tensile test specimen shall be prepared. The yield strength shall lie in the
range specified for the yield strength of the pipe.
Please modify: "The result of Tensile strength on the all-weld metal
Please delete.
shall be as per Table J.2 API 5L: 2012, 45th edition"
Weld metal is Charpy V Tests
area to be
Charpy V specimens shall be removed from two (2) locations (1 location at each end of
mixed
between Base the pipe).
one (1)
metal and
welding wire, The specimens shall be cut transverse to the pipe axis. Sets of 3 Charpy specimens
welding flux.
Yield strength shall be notched at each location, in the weld metal, FL, FL + 2mm and FL + 5mm
can not lie in locations as shown in Figure A of Appendix 1. Among the three positions FL, FL + 2mm
the range
and FL + 5mm, the one giving the lowest average value shall be selected for routine
specified for
the yield
production test and shall be referred to as "Heat Affected Zone Charpy test. The shear
strength of the
area shall also be reported and shall meet requirements as specified in Section 7.3.
pipe.
Charpy V tests shall also be conducted in the base metal, weld metal and HAZ to
determine full Charpy energy and shear transition curves to ASTM A370. The tests shall
be carried out in the transverse direction for a minimum of 6 temperatures ranging
from -70 to 0C. Results and curves shall be supplied for information only.

Appendix 1: Qualification of Pipe Manufacturing Procedure

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Error! Unknown document property name.

Figure A: Charpy Impact Specimen Locations


Notes:
1. Charpy V-notch centrelines are as marked above
2. Specimen locations are:

Weld metal centreline (WM)

Fusion line (FL)

Fusion line plus 2mm (FL+ 2)

Fusion line plus 5mm (FL+ 5)

3. For fusion line specimens the specimen centreline intersects the fusion line at
specimen mid-thickness
4. FL+ 2 and FL+ 5 specimen locations are shown exaggerated for clarity
Specimens for procedures and trial production shall be etched to aid notch location
Crack Tip Opening Displacement Test (CTOD)
3 sets of CTOD tests shall be carried out in accordance with BS 7448, on full pipe
thickness, transverse test pieces. The notch positions shall be in the weld centreline and
HAZ locations at a test temperature of 0C. The measured fracture toughness of base
metal and the weld metal shall, as a minimum, have a CTOD value of 0.15 mm.
Guided Bend Test
Appendix 1: Qualification of Pipe Manufacturing Procedure

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2 bend test weld specimens shall be cut and tested according to API 5L: 2012, 45th
Edition; 2 sides bend tests.
Drop Weight Tear Test
average

Drop Weight Tear Tests shall be carried out in accordance with API 5L: 2012, 45th
Edition and API RP 5L3. Tests shall be performed on the pipe at 0C. The minimum
individual shear area shall be 85%.
In addition a full transition curve shall be established on one pipe from each grade. The

Please modify:
"Hardness
shall not
exceed 300
HV10 for HAZ
and 270 HV10
for Base metal
and Weld
metal"

temperature range shall be as for the Charpy transition curve.


A5

Macro-Hardness and Microstructure Examinations

The two (2) macro sections shall be cut, one from each end of the pipe. They shall be
examined to determine the acceptability of the weld in accordance with the
Manufacturing Procedure Specification. At each of these locations a Vickers Hardness
survey shall be carried out in accordance with Appendix 2. Hardness shall not exceed
250 HV10 for the weld cap and the parent material, weld root and weld mid thickness.
Base metal metallurgical microstructure and grain size evaluation shall be carried out at

Please delete. mid-thickness. Photographs of microstructure shall be supplied. Acceptance criteria shall
According to be as outlined in Section 7.6.
API 5L, Table
Please delete. Because Girth welding test shall not be
J.6 and Table A6
Girth Welding Tests
perform at PV Pipe factory
18
A full girth weld shall be produced using the test pipe and tests conducted in
accordance with Appendix 4.
A7

Records

The MANUFACTURER shall submit to CLIENT or its authorised representative, the pipe
manufacturing procedure qualification test reports giving the results of all tests required
by this Specification for review and approval.
A8

Rejection

In case of results that are not satisfactory with respect to this Specification, the pipe
tested as well as the preceding pipes shall be rejected. The causes of failure shall be
investigated and reported to the INSPECTOR. The burden of proof that the rejected
Appendix 1: Qualification of Pipe Manufacturing Procedure

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Error! Unknown document property name.

pipes meet the requirements lies solely with the MANUFACTURER. Production shall
resume only after the procedure has been suitably revised to the satisfaction of CLIENT
or its authorised representative. A new qualification test pipe shall be produced
according to this Specification.
A9

Hydrostatic test

Test pressures shall be held for not less than 10s.


In order to ensure that every length of pipe is tested to the required test pressure, each
tester, except those on which only continuous welded pipe is tested, shall be equipped
with a recording gauge that can record the test pressure and the test duration for each
length of pipe, or shall be equipped with some positive and automatic or interlocking
device to prevent pipe from being classified as tested until the test requirements
(pressure and duration) have been met. Such records or charts shall be available for
examination at the manufacturer's facility by the purchaser's inspector, if applicable.
The test-pressure measuring device shall be calibrated by means of a dead-weight
tester, or equivalent, no more than four months prior to each use. At the option of the
manufacturer, test pressures that are higher than required may be used.
Note: In all cases, the specified test pressure represents the gauge pressure value
below which the pressure is not permitted to fall during the specified test duration.
All the tests relevant also refer to table Test and Inspection in Appendix 3.

Appendix 1: Qualification of Pipe Manufacturing Procedure

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APPENDIX 2
HARDNESS SURVEY

(03 pages)

Appendix 2: Hardness Survey

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FIGURE B1 - HARDNESS SURVEY


Sample for hardness test shall be taken the end of related pipes and for welded pipe,
each sample shall be contain of section for the longitudinal seam at it centre.
a) Longitudinal Weld (Refer Figure 5b: API 5L-2012)

Figure b1: Sample and Test Piece Orientations and Locations SAWL Pipes
Notes:
1. W transverse sample, centred on the weld
2. T180 transverse sample, centred 180 from the longitudinal weld
3. T90 transverse sample, centred 90 from the longitudinal weld
4. L90 longitudinal sample, centred 90 from the longitudinal weld

Table b.1 - Number, Orientation and Location of Test Pieces per Sample for
Mechanical Tests
Number, orientation and
location of test pieces per
Type of

Sample

pipe

location

Type of test

samplea
Specified outside diameter D
mm (in)

SAWL

Tensile

1T180c,d

CVN

3T90

Pipe body

Appendix 2: Hardness Survey

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Tensile

1We

CVN

3We and 3HAZe

Guided-bend

2We

Hardness

1We

Seam weld

Notes:

Not found the note e

a) For double-seam pipe, both longitudinal weld seams in the pipe selected to represent the test
b) If agreed, annular test pieces may be used for the determination of transverse yield strength by
the hydraulic ring expansion test in accordance with ASTM A 370.
c) For deep-water pipelay, additional longitudinal tests might be specified, with the requirements
and test frequency being as agreed.
d) For double-seam pipe, both longitudinal weld seams in the pipe selected to represent the test
unit shall be tested.

b) Girth Weld (Refer to Figure H.1b-API-5L-2007)

Figure b2: Location of Hardness Tests for SAW Pipe


Notes:
a. Weld centreline.
b. 0, 75 mm (0.03 in) from fusion line.
c.

1 t from fusion line.

d. 1,0 mm (0.04 in) spacing in visible HAZ

Appendix 2: Hardness Survey

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Error! Unknown document property name.

APPENDIX 3
TESTING AND INSPECTION

(05 pages)

Appendix 3: Testing and Inspection

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TESTING AND INSPECTION


Qualification Tests

During production

Test/Inspection
Frequency

Remarks

Frequency

Remarks

VISUAL/DIMENSIONAL
INSPECTION
Dimensions

All pipes

Pipe end squareness

All pipes

Straightness

All pipes

Surface defects

All pipes

Out-of-roundness

All pipes

All pipes
3 pipes per shift,
min.
3 pipes per shift,
min.
External &
internal

All pipes

External &
internal

All pipes
Recorded 3

Height of weld beads

All pipes

All pipes

pipes per shift,


min.

ULTRASONIC
EXAMINATION
Plates

All plates

All plates

Longitudinal weld

All pipes

All pipes

all weld repair


Alldefects
weld repairs
that
found by UT

Weld repairs

MPI
Longitudinal weld

All pipes

Appendix 3: Testing and Inspection

Manual
examination

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Error! Unknown document property name.

Qualification Tests

During production

Test/Inspection
Frequency

Remarks

Frequency

Remarks

Bevel + 150 mm
Pipe ends

All pipes

internal and
external weld

Bevel + 150
mm internal

All pipes

and external

surfaces

allAllground
areas that suspect
ground areas
have defects

Repairs by grinding only


All weld repair
Weld repairs

weld surfaces

All weld repair


that
defects
All weld
repairs
found MPI

procedure
tests

RADIOGRAPHY

longitudinal weld

All pipes

All weld repair


weld repairs

procedure
tests

RESIDUAL MAGNETISM

All pipes

100 % weld

200mm each

All pipes

ends

all weld repair that


defects found by
All weld repairs
RT
3 pipes per shift
min.

MECHANICAL TESTS

Tensile tests

3 pipes
2 pipes

1 pipe per 50

Weld tensile test (*)

2 pipes
3 pipes

1 pipe per 50

pipes
23pipes

1 pipe per 50

Charpy V-Notch

CharpyV

Notch

transition

1 per pipe

curve

Appendix 3: Testing and Inspection

size

N/A

Minimum 2 per
heat
Minimum 2 per
heat
Minimum 2 per
heat

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Error! Unknown document property name.

Qualification Tests

During production

Test/Inspection
Frequency

Remarks

Frequency

Remarks

Drop Weight Tear Test:


Transition curve(1)
At

minimum

design

temperature(1)

Macro, plus hardness(1)

Metallographic
Examination(1)

Bend Test

CTOD Test

Fracture Arrest

HYDROTEST

1 pipe

N/A

1 pipe

1 pipe per heat

1 pipe

1 pipe per shift

1 pipe

1 pipe per shift

1 pipe

2 side bend

1 per pipe

1 pipe per 50

Minimum 2 per
heat
Minimum 2 per
heat
Minimum 2 per
heat

N/A

size

2 3pipes
pipes

1 pipe per 50

All pipes

All pipes

1 per heat

1 per heat

Minimum 2 per
heat

CHEMICAL
COMPOSITION
Heat analysis

Product analysis

WELDABILITY

2 per heat

Pipe body and


weld metal

1 girth seam

Section 9.15, API

test

5L 2012.

QUALIFICATION TEST

Appendix 3: Testing and Inspection

Minimum 2 per
1 pipe per 50

heat on pipe
body

N/A

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Qualification Tests

During production

Test/Inspection
Frequency

Remarks

Frequency

WELDING
CONSUMABLES
Manufacturers

Test

Each batch

Each batch

Certificates
REPAIR

WELD

PROCEDURE

1 per pipe

Deep repair and

size

shallow repair

QUALIFICATION TEST

Note:
1. These items will be selected within the 3 available pipes for these tests.

2 (two)

Appendix 3: Testing and Inspection

Remarks

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PV Pipe shall not perform Girth welding tests at PV pipe factory

APPENDIX 4
GIRTH WELDING TESTS

(04 pages)

Appendix 4: Girth Welding Tests

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GIRTH WELDING TESTS


D1

SUPPORTING DATA

Supporting data demonstrating the suitability of the linepipe for field welding or similar
past report shall be supplied at the qualification stage. The data shall demonstrate
that the pipe can be welded by either shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) or
mechanised/semi-automatic welding, typically by the gas metal arc welding (GMAW)
process, without preheat, post-heat, post-weld heat treatment. The data shall
demonstrate that the pipe meets the requirements of this Appendix after welding.
Where such data does not exist, or is deemed unsatisfactory by CLIENT, the tests
specified in this Appendix shall be carried out. The necessity for such tests will be
determined at the qualification stage.
D2

GENERAL

To prove the weldability of the pipes produced, the MANUFACTURER is required to


carry out weldability tests using a procedure similar to one used in the field without
significant or excessive precautions, without mismatch due to out-of roundness, and
without preheat, post-heat or post weld heat treatment (PWHT). The intent is that
during pipe laying, the following hardness and toughness requirements can be met in
the weld and heat affected zone (HAZ) of welds made without preheat, post-heat or
PWHT:

Maximum hardness 250 HV10 on the weld root and the weld cap.

Charpy V notch impact energy in accordance with this Specification

Separate tests are required for each material grade/ heat number.
The requirements for testing are stated below. The MANUFACTURER may submit
alternative proposals for review and approval by CLIENT.
D3

MATERIAL

The base material shall be chosen to reflect the maximum carbon equivalent of the
pipes in question. However, the steel used may have the product maximum carbon
equivalent (CE in Section 6 of this Specification) minus 0.02% or Pcm minus 0.001%.

Appendix 4: Girth Welding Tests

CA MAU GAS PROCESSING PLANT PROJECT


PACKAGE: ENHANCED CAPACITY FOR PM3-CM GAS PIPELINE
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CLIENT or its authorised representation, shall approve the heat analysis of the steel or
pipe to be used for the weldability tests.
D4

WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION

The MANUFACTURER shall submit a detailed welding procedure Specification (WPS)


outlining his proposals. The proposed groove profile shall be such that the welding will
result in a straight HAZ on one side of the bevel. The WPS proposal shall be subject to
approval by CLIENT or its authorised representative, prior to start of welding.
D5

TEST WELDS

A test weld shall be prepared and shall consist of butt welding together two (2) pipe
sections as noted below, unless otherwise agreed by CLIENT or its authorised
representative. The weld shall comprise of two sections of 5m minimum length,
making a total minimum welded pipe length of 10m, which shall be subject to the
tests detailed below.
The weld shall be made with the shielded metal arc welding process, using low
hydrogen electrodes capable of meeting the Charpy acceptance criteria of this
Specification.
Welding position 5G, vertical down for 28 linepipe
Heat input 1kJ/mm 0.1 kJ/mm
Preheat and post-heat shall not be carried out.
PWHT shall not be carried out.
D6

TESTING AND INSPECTION

General
All the tests shall be carried out in accordance with this specification.
Dimensional tolerance
Dimensional checks shall be carried out at the fit-up stage to provide a record of pipe
dimensions prior to welding and to confirm pipe is within the required tolerances.
Radiographic Examination
Appendix 4: Girth Welding Tests

CA MAU GAS PROCESSING PLANT PROJECT


PACKAGE: ENHANCED CAPACITY FOR PM3-CM GAS PIPELINE
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Before cutting the specimens, the test weld shall be 100% radio graphed in
accordance with this Specification.
Hardness Survey
Vickers hardness survey shall be conducted on the above macro sections, according to
Figure B1, Appendix 2.
Charpy V Test
Charpy tests shall be taken in weld and HAZ (FL, FL+2mm and FL+5mm), in
accordance with this Specification, with specimens taken from the 3 or 9 oclock
position at mid-thickness. Acceptance criteria for impact values and test temperature
shall be as per this Specification only.
Macrography and Micrography
3 specimens shall be taken, one at 12 oclock and one at 6 oclock position from weld
seam and subject to macrography and micrography examination.
Additional Tests
The test weld shall be subject to the following additional tests:

D7

Ultrasonic examination

Magnetic Particle Inspection

Transverse weld tensile tests

Face and root bend tests

All-weld tensile tests


ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA

All test welds as described above shall meet the following requirements.
Maximum hardness shall be 250HV10 at the weld root and the weld cap.
Tensile properties and Charpy V notch energy in accordance with the requirements of
this Specification.
The MANUFACTURER should note that the girth weld tests shall be acceptance tests
for the pipes, and they form part of the Manufacturing Procedure Qualification Test.

Appendix 4: Girth Welding Tests

CA MAU GAS PROCESSING PLANT PROJECT


PACKAGE: ENHANCED CAPACITY FOR PM3-CM GAS PIPELINE
Error! Unknown document property name.

D8

REPORTING

Following completion of the test programmed, the results and final report from the
MANUFACTURER shall be submitted directly to CLIENT or its nominated specialist. The
final report shall include, as a minimum, the following:
Weld Procedure Specification;
Weld Procedure Qualification record giving details of the actual welding parameters for
each pass, consumables used, bevel geometry;
Mill Certificates for materials used;
Dimensional records;
NDT and mechanical test results; (including any failures)
Any other testing agreed with CLIENT or its authorised representative;
Any necessary photographs, macrographs and micrographs (if any)
The interpretation of results and conclusions of the MANUFACTURER, including his
recommendations for production welding of pipe installation.

Appendix 4: Girth Welding Tests