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# BRACKETS

## 1 Stiffened Seat Bracket design

There are two analyses:
(A) in which the seat stiffener is at right angles to the web of the beam.
(B) in which the seat stiffener is in line with the web of the beam.

## 1.1 Seat stiffener is at right angles to the web of the beam

For analysis, the stiffener of Type (A) is considered an eccentrically loaded column
with the reaction load applied at a fixed point.
The maximum stress is the sum of the direct load and bending effects.
The line of action of the compressive load is approximately parallel to the outer edge
of the stiffener.
The critical cross-section of the stiffener (to be used for the area and section
modulus) is at right angles to the line of action of the load.
Area and section modulus are

Minimum thickness:
Thus, Min Thickness

## The eccentrically loaded column formula

( # 1) is seldom used in this case
because it will result in an excessively
thick bracket \web or stiffener.
This is because the formula is based
upon stress only and does not take into
consideration some yielding of the
bracket
which will cause the point of application
of the load to shift in toward the support,
thus reducing the moment arm and
bending stress.
treq can also be determined using nomograms
FIGURE 2-Thickness of Stiffened Seat For A36 Steel - NOMOGRAPH NO. 4

BRACKETS

1.1.1.1

## seat stiffener is in line with the web of the beam

lf the beam rests in line with the bracket stiffener, Type B, Figure 3, the bearing
length ( N) of the beam ( AISC See 1.10.10) is-

## The eccentricity ( e") of the reaction

Lv = column length
AISC Manual, page 4-39 recommends for A36 bracket material that the bracket web's
thickness be at least equal to 1.33 times the required fillet weld size ( E70 welds).
Also it should not be less than the supported beam web thickness for A7, A373 and
A36 beams, and not less than 1.4 times the beam web thickness for A242 and A441
beams.

BRACKETS

For stiffened seats in line on opposite sides of the column web, the fillet weld size
should not exceed 3/4 the column web thickness when determining its length(Lv).

2 BS APPROACH
The outside edge of the welded column bracket, shown in Fig. 25.4, is in compression
and provided that a reasonably conservative approach is used in calculating the
extreme fibre stress, semi-Compact criteria for the outstand are appropriate (i.e.
).
With relatively light loads, this may require an unnecessarily thick stiffener. To
overcome the problem, the simple design approach of substituting fa for P y in the
formula for E, so that
,
where
fa = 1.5 X the extreme fibre compressive stress (at factored loading) can be
used.