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Aramaic Annotations: Pt.

© 2010, T. Michael W. Halcomb |

1. For those of you who follow this series, I apologize for deviating just a little from
the order I had hoped to follow with the Peal paradigm but I’ve created something
useful, so, I thought I’d go ahead and include & share it. So, here is a nice little
table I’ve created that shows the “general” vowel pointing patterns for the
Tiberian / Babylonian verbal paradigms. Notice that I’ve divided the table into
two halves with the first being Peal, Pael and Aphel then the second being Ithpeel,
Ithpall and Ittaphal. I didn’t do this because the names in each of the two sets
bear closer resemblance to each other than the three in the other set (though that is
nice) but rather, I did this because in my study of these patterns, it was easy for
me to see similarities in the patterns this way.
2. For example, when I look at the Peal and then the Pael, I notice no real
similarities. However, when I look at the Aphel, I notice that the Peal looks as if
its dropped down in between the pointings of the Pael. Of course, this is only a
mnemonic device, a way that helps me remember them.
3. With the Ithpeel, I notice that it kind of stands on its own, though it does share in
common the hireq with the other two. Yet, if I take the two middle pointings of
the Ithpaal ( 0 8 ) and then flip them around ( 8 0 ) , I get the Ittaphal.

Tiberian / Babylonian Aramaic Vowel Pointings

© 2010, T. Michael W. Halcomb |
Theme Vowel Patterns*
Verb Paradigm Sublinear Pointing (Tiberian) Supralinear Pointing (Babylonian)

Peal . 8
Pael e; 4 0
Aphel E .; 4 8 0
Ithpeel I..i 3 8 8 3
Ithpaal ;;.i 0 0 8 3
Ittaphal ;.;i 0 8 0 3
* Note that these are the “strong” forms of the vowel patterns, therefore, they do not include irregularities,
prefixed consonants, suffix consonants or other inflectional variations.