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RSMeans

Facilities
Construction
Cost Data

The most complete single source for facilities construction and renovation

2014

29th annual edition Cost data from the most quoted name in construction

RSMeans
Facilities
Construction
Cost
Data
29th Annual Edition

The 2014 Facilities Construction Cost


Data, 29th annual edition, and all of
the RSMeans annual cost data books
for 2014, are dedicated to the memory
of our respected colleague and friend,
Paula Reale-Camelio.

2014
RSMeans
A division of Reed Construction Data, LLC
Construction Publishers & Consultants
700 Longwater Drive
Norwell, MA 02061
USA

1-800-334-3509
www.rsmeans.com

Copyright 2013 by RSMeans


A division of Reed Construction Data, LLC
All rights reserved.

Senior Editor

Chief Operating Officer

Melville J. Mossman, PE (21, 22, 23)*

Richard Remington

Contributing Editors
Christopher Babbitt

Vice President,
Business Development

Adrian C. Charest, PE (26, 27, 28, 48)

Steven Ritchie

Gary W. Christensen
David G. Drain, PE (33)
Cheryl Elsmore

Vice President,
Finance & Operations

Senior Product
Marketing Manager
Andrea Sillah

Senior Director,
Operations
Rodney L. Sharples

Production Manager

Rene Pinczes

Michael Kokernak

Robert Fortier, PE (2, 31, 32, 34, 35, 46)

Senior Director, Inside Sales

Production

Robert J. Kuchta (8)

Derek F. Dean

Jill Goodman

David Fiske

Thomas Lane
Robert C. McNichols

Sales Manager

Printed in the United States of America


ISSN 1540-6202
ISBN 978-1-940238-32-6

Genevieve Medeiros

Reid Clanton

The authors, editors, and engineers of RSMeans apply


diligence and judgment in locating and using reliable
sources for the information published. However,
RSMeans makes no express or implied warranty
or guarantee in connection with the content of the
information contained herein, including the accuracy,
correctness, value, sufficiency, or completeness of
the data, methods, and other information contained
herein. RSMeans makes no express or implied
warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular
purpose. RSMeans shall have no liability to any
customer or third party for any loss, expense, or
damage, including consequential, incidental, special,
or punitive damage, including lost profits or lost
revenue, caused directly or indirectly by any error or
omission, or arising out of, or in connection with, the
information contained herein.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored
in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or
by any means without prior written permission of
RSMeans. The cost data contained in this publication
is valuable and proprietary information of RSMeans
and others and there is no transfer to you of any
ownership rights in the cost data or any license
granted to you to create derivative works based on or
which utilize the cost data.

Marilyn Phelan, AIA (9, 10, 11, 12)

Jeannene D. Murphy
Stephen C. Plotner (3, 5)
Siobhan Soucie
Phillip R. Waier, PE (1,13)

Cover Design
Wendy McBay
Paul Robertson
Wayne Engebretson

Jonathan Forgit
Debbie Panarelli
Sara Rutan

Director, Engineering

Mary Lou Geary

Bob Mewis, CCC (4, 6, 7, 14, 41, 44)

Technical Support

Senior Director, Product


Management

Christopher Anderson
Gary L. Hoitt
Kathryn S. Rodriguez

Jennifer Johnson

* Numbers in italics are the divisional responsibilities for each editor.


Please contact the designated editor directly with any questions.

Table of
Contents
Foreword
iv
How the Book Is Built: An Overview
v
Absolute Essentials for a Quick Start
vi
Estimating with RSMeans Unit Price Cost Data
vii
How to Use the Book: The Details
ix
Unit Price Section
1
Assemblies Section
1213
Reference Section
1323
Construction Equipment Rental Costs
1325
Crew Listings
1337
Historical Cost Indexes
1371
City Cost Indexes
1372
Location Factors
1415
Reference Tables
1421
Change Orders
1508
Square Foot Costs
1513
Abbreviations
1523
Index
1527
Other RSMeans Products and Services
1573
Labor Trade Rates including
Overhead & Prot
Inside Back Cover

iii

Unit Price
Related
RSMeans
Products and Services
Section
Table of Contents
Sect. No.
01 11
01 21
01 31
01 32
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02
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58
65
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02 82
02 83
02 85
03 01
03 05
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04 01
04 05
04
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04

21
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23
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25
27
41

Page

General Requirements
Summary of Work .............................. 10
Allowances .......................................... 11
Project Management
and Coordination ................................ 12
Construction Progress
Documentation ................................... 14
Regulatory Requirements .................. 14
Quality Control .................................. 14
Temporary Utilities ............................ 16
Construction Facilities ....................... 17
Construction Aids .............................. 17
Vehicular Access and Parking ........... 23
Temporary Barriers and Enclosures .. 23
Project Identication .......................... 25
Examination and Preparation ............ 25
Cleaning and Waste Management .... 25
Protecting Installed Construction ..... 25
Commissioning ................................... 26
Facility Maintenance .......................... 26
Existing Conditions
Surveys ................................................ 38
Geotechnical Investigations .............. 38
Demolition .......................................... 39
Removal and Salvage of
Construction Materials ...................... 56
Structure Moving ................................ 59
Snow Control ...................................... 59
Underground Storage Tank Rmvl. .... 59
Transportation and Disposal
of Hazardous Materials ...................... 60
Asbestos Remediation ........................ 61
Lead Remediation ............................... 64
Mold Remediation .............................. 66
Concrete
Maintenance of Concrete .................. 70
Common Work Results
for Concrete ........................................ 71
Concrete Forming ............................... 74
Concrete Accessories ......................... 82
Reinforcement Bars ............................ 90
Fabric and Grid Reinforcing .............. 95
Stressed Tendon Reinforcing ............. 95
Fibrous Reinforcing ............................ 96
Cast-In-Place Concrete ....................... 97
Structural Concrete ............................ 100
Concrete Finishing ............................. 103
Specialty Placed Concrete ................. 105
Concrete Curing ................................. 106
Precast Structural Concrete ............... 106
Precast Architectural Concrete ......... 108
Site-Cast Concrete .............................. 109
Precast Concrete Specialties .............. 109
Cast Roof Decks ................................. 109
Lightweight Concrete
Roof Insulation ................................... 110
Concrete Topping ............................... 110
Cast Underlayment ............................ 110
Non-Shrink Grouting ......................... 111
Epoxy Grouting ................................... 111
Concrete Cutting ................................ 112
Concrete Boring .................................. 112
Masonry
Maintenance of Masonry ................... 116
Common Work Results
for Masonry ......................................... 117
Clay Unit Masonry ............................. 123
Concrete Unit Masonry ..................... 128
Glass Unit Masonry ........................... 136
Adobe Unit Masonry .......................... 137
Unit Masonry Panels .......................... 137
Multiple-Wythe Unit Masonry ......... 137
Dry-Placed Stone ................................ 138

Sect. No.
04
04
04
04
04
04
04

43
51
54
57
71
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73

05
05
05
05
05
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05
05
05
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05
05
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05

01
05
12
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15
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06 05
06
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06
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06
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11
12
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15
16
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25
26
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49

06 51
06 52
06 63
06 65
07 01
07 05
07
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07
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24

07
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25
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32

Page

Stone Masonry .................................... 138


Flue Liner Masonry ............................ 142
Refractory Brick Masonry .................. 143
Masonry Fireplaces ............................. 143
Manufactured Brick Masonry ............ 143
Cast Stone Masonry ........................... 143
Manufactured Stone Masonry ........... 144
Metals
Maintenance of Metals ...................... 146
Common Work Results for Metals ... 146
Structural Steel Framing .................... 154
Structural Aluminum Framing ......... 161
Wire Rope Assemblies ....................... 161
Steel Joist Framing .............................. 164
Steel Decking ...................................... 167
Raceway Decking Assemblies ........... 169
Structural Metal Stud Framing ......... 169
Cold-Formed Metal Joist Framing .... 173
Cold-Formed Metal Trusses .............. 179
Metal Stairs ......................................... 180
Metal Railings ..................................... 181
Metal Gratings .................................... 182
Metal Floor Plates .............................. 185
Metal Stair Treads and Nosings ........ 185
Metal Castings .................................... 187
Formed Metal Fabrications ................ 187
Decorative Metal Stairs ..................... 189
Decorative Metal Railings ................. 189
Decorative Formed Metal .................. 190
Wood, Plastics & Composites
Common Work Results for Wood,
Plastics, and Composites ................... 192
Wood Framing ..................................... 199
Structural Panels ................................ 208
Heavy Timber Construction ............. 209
Wood Decking ..................................... 210
Sheathing ............................................. 211
Shop-Fabricated Structural Wood ...... 213
Glued-Laminated Construction ........ 214
Millwork .............................................. 215
Prenished Paneling ........................... 227
Board Paneling .................................... 228
Wood Stairs and Railings ................... 228
Ornamental Woodwork ..................... 231
Wood Frames ....................................... 232
Wood Screens and Exterior Wood
Shutters ................................................ 233
Structural Plastic Shapes
and Plates ............................................ 234
Plastic Structural Assemblies ............ 234
Plastic Railings ................................... 235
Plastic Simulated Wood Trim ........... 235
Thermal & Moisture Protection
Operation and Maint. of Thermal
and Moisture Protection .................... 238
Common Work Results for
Thermal and Moisture Protection .... 239
Dampproong ..................................... 240
Built-up Bituminous Waterproong .. 240
Sheet Waterproong ........................... 241
Cementitious and Reactive
Waterproong ...................................... 241
Bentonite Waterproong .................... 242
Water Repellents ................................. 242
Thermal Insulation ............................. 242
Roof and Deck Insulation .................. 246
Exterior Insulation
and Finish Systems ............................. 248
Weather Barriers ................................. 248
Vapor Retarders ................................... 249
Air Barriers .......................................... 249
Shingles and Shakes ........................... 249
Roof Tiles ............................................ 251

Sect. No.
07
07
07
07
07
07
07

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07
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08 01
08 05
08
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08
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08 45
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09 01
09 05

Page

Natural Roof Coverings ..................... 252


Roof Panels .......................................... 253
Wall Panels .......................................... 254
Faced Panels ........................................ 256
Siding ................................................... 256
Built-Up Bituminous Roong ............ 259
Modied Bituminous
Membrane Roong ............................. 261
Elastomeric Membrane Roong ........ 262
Thermoplastic Membrane Roong ... 262
Protected Membrane Roong ............ 263
Fluid-Applied Roong ........................ 263
Coated Foamed Roong ..................... 263
Roll Roong ........................................ 264
Sheet Metal Roong ........................... 264
Sheet Metal Flashing and Trim ......... 265
Flexible Flashing ................................. 265
Roof Specialties ................................... 267
Roof Accessories ................................. 272
Roof Pavers .......................................... 274
Applied Fireproong ........................... 274
Firestopping ......................................... 275
Preformed Joint Seals ......................... 276
Joint Sealants ...................................... 277
Expansion Control .............................. 278
Openings
Operation and Maintenance
of Openings ......................................... 282
Common Work Results
for Openings ........................................ 283
Metal Doors and Frames .................... 284
Metal Frames ...................................... 285
Metal Doors ........................................ 288
Wood Doors ......................................... 291
Composite Doors ................................ 298
Integrated Door Opening
Assemblies .......................................... 299
Access Doors and Panels ................... 300
Sliding Glass Doors ............................ 302
Coiling Doors and Grilles .................. 303
Special Function Doors ...................... 304
Panel Doors ......................................... 307
Trafc Doors ....................................... 309
Entrances and Storefronts .................. 310
Entrances ............................................. 312
Storefronts ........................................... 313
Curtain Wall and
Glazed Assemblies ............................. 314
Translucent Wall
and Roof Assemblies .......................... 314
Metal Windows ................................... 315
Wood Windows ................................... 317
Plastic Windows ................................. 322
Composite Windows .......................... 324
Special Function Windows ................ 325
Roof Windows ..................................... 325
Unit Skylights ..................................... 326
Door Hardware ................................... 327
Access Control Hardware .................. 340
Window Hardware .............................. 341
Hardware Accessories ........................ 341
Glass Glazing ...................................... 342
Mirrors ................................................. 345
Plastic Glazing .................................... 345
Glazing Surface Films ........................ 346
Special Function Glazing ................... 346
Louvers ................................................ 348
Vents .................................................... 349
Finishes
Maintenance of Finishes .................... 352
Common Work Results
for Finishes .......................................... 352

Related RSMeans
Products and Services
Table of Contents (cont.)
Sect. No.
09 21

09 22
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09
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11 24
11 26

Page

Plaster and Gypsum Board


Assemblies .......................................... 354
Finishes
Supports for Plaster and Gypsum
Board .................................................... 356
Gypsum Plastering ............................. 360
Cement Plastering .............................. 361
Other Plastering .................................. 361
Veneer Plastering ................................ 361
Backing Boards and Underlayments . 362
Gypsum Board .................................... 362
Tiling .................................................... 366
Waterproong-Membrane Tiling ....... 369
Acoustical Ceilings ............................ 369
Acoustical Ceiling Suspension
Assemblies .......................................... 371
Specialty Ceilings ............................... 372
Specialty Flooring ............................... 372
Masonry Flooring ................................ 373
Wood Flooring ..................................... 374
Resilient Flooring ............................... 375
Terrazzo Flooring ................................ 377
Fluid-Applied Flooring ....................... 380
Carpeting ............................................. 381
Access Flooring ................................... 382
Wall Coverings .................................... 383
Special Wall Surfacing ........................ 384
Acoustic Insulation ............................ 385
Acoustic Room Components ............ 385
Painting ................................................ 386
Staining and Transparent Finishing .. 401
High-Performance Coatings .............. 401
Special Coatings .................................. 403
Specialties
Common Work Results
for Specialties ...................................... 408
Visual Display Units .......................... 408
Directories ........................................... 411
Signage ................................................. 412
Telephone Specialties ......................... 413
Compartments and Cubicles ............. 414
Partitions ............................................. 419
Wall and Door Protection .................. 423
Toilet, Bath, and
Laundry Accessories ........................... 424
Manufactured Fireplaces .................... 426
Fireplace Specialties ........................... 427
Stoves ................................................... 427
Emergency Aid Specialties ................ 427
Fire Protection Specialties ................. 428
Lockers ................................................. 429
Postal Specialties ................................ 430
Storage Assemblies ............................. 431
Wardrobe and Closet Specialties ....... 432
Protective Covers ............................... 432
Manufactured Exterior Specialties .... 434
Flagpoles .............................................. 434
Scales ................................................... 435
Equipment
Common Work Results
for Equipment ..................................... 438
Vehicle Service Equipment ................ 440
Parking Control Equipment .............. 440
Loading Dock Equipment .................. 441
Pedestrian Control Equipment .......... 442
Vault Equipment ................................. 442
Teller and Service Equipment ........... 443
Detention Equipment ......................... 443
Mercantile and Service Equipment ... 443
Commercial Laundry and
Dry Cleaning Equipment ................... 444
Maintenance Equipment .................... 445
Unit Kitchens ...................................... 445

Sect. No.
11 27
11
11
11
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11

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Page

Photographic Processing
Equipment ........................................... 446
Residential Appliances ....................... 446
Retractable Stairs ................................ 448
Foodservice Storage Equipment ........ 449
Food Preparation Equipment ............. 451
Food Delivery Carts
and Conveyors .................................... 451
Food Cooking Equipment .................. 451
Food Dispensing Equipment .............. 452
Ice Machines ....................................... 453
Cleaning and Disposal Equipment ... 453
Audio-Visual Equipment .................... 454
Laboratory Equipment ....................... 455
Vocational Shop Equipment .............. 456
Broadcast, Theater,
and Stage Equipment .......................... 457
Musical Equipment ............................ 458
Athletic Equipment ............................ 458
Recreational Equipment .................... 459
Play Field Equipment
and Structures ..................................... 460
Medical Sterilizing Equipment .......... 462
Examination and Treatment
Equipment ........................................... 462
Patient Care Equipment .................... 462
Dental Equipment .............................. 463
Operating Room Equipment .............. 464
Radiology Equipment ......................... 464
Mortuary Equipment .......................... 464
Solid Waste Handling Equipment ..... 464
Religious Equipment .......................... 465
Furnishings
Common Work Results
for Furnishings .................................... 468
Wall Decorations ................................ 468
Window Blinds .................................... 469
Curtains and Drapes ........................... 470
Interior Shutters .................................. 472
Window Shades ................................... 473
Manufactured Wood Casework ......... 473
Specialty Casework ............................ 479
Countertops ......................................... 480
Portable Lamps ................................... 482
Bedroom Furnishings ......................... 484
Furnishing Accessories ...................... 484
Rugs and Mats .................................... 485
Ofce Furniture .................................. 485
Seating ................................................. 488
Hospitality Furniture ......................... 490
Detention Furniture ........................... 497
Institutional Furniture ....................... 497
Systems Furniture .............................. 500
Fixed Audience Seating ...................... 502
Stadium and Arena Seating ............... 502
Pews and Benches ............................... 503
Interior Planters and Articial
Plants ................................................... 503
Site Furnishings .................................. 507
Special Construction
Common Work Results for Special
Construction ....................................... 510
Swimming Pools ................................. 513
Tubs and Pools .................................... 515
Ice Rinks .............................................. 515
Controlled Environment Rooms ....... 515
Special Activity Rooms ...................... 517
Athletic and Recreational Special
Construction ....................................... 518
Fabric Structures ................................. 518
Fabricated Engineered Structures ...... 520
Towers ................................................. 527
Building Modules ................................ 527

Sect. No.
13 48
13 49
13 53
14 05
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21 05
21 11
21 12
21 13
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21 31
22 01
22 05
22 07
22 11
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23 05
23 07
23 09
23 11

Page

Sound, Vibration, and Seismic


Control ................................................. 527
Radiation Protection .......................... 528
Meteorological Instrumentation ....... 530
Conveying Equipment
Common Work Results
for Conveying Equipment .................. 532
Manual Dumbwaiters ........................ 532
Electric Dumbwaiters ........................ 533
Electric Traction Elevators ................ 533
Hydraulic Elevators ............................ 534
Custom Elevator Cabs and Doors ..... 535
Elevator Equipment and Controls .... 536
Escalators ............................................. 537
Moving Walks ..................................... 538
Wheelchair Lifts .................................. 538
Vehicle Lifts ........................................ 538
Correspondence and Parcel Lifts ....... 539
Facility Chutes .................................... 539
Pneumatic Tube Systems .................. 539
Fire Suppression
Common Work Results for Fire
Suppression ......................................... 542
Facility Fire-Suppression
Water-Service Piping .......................... 542
Fire-Suppression Standpipes .............. 545
Fire-Suppression Sprinkler Systems .. 549
Carbon-Dioxide Fire-Extinguishing
Systems ................................................ 551
Clean-Agent Fire-Extinguishing
Systems ................................................ 552
Centrifugal Fire Pumps ...................... 552
Plumbing
Operation and Maintenance
of Plumbing ......................................... 556
Common Work Results
for Plumbing ....................................... 557
Plumbing Insulation ........................... 578
Facility Water Distribution ............... 594
Facility Potable-Water Storage
Tanks ................................................... 670
Facility Sanitary Sewerage ................. 671
Facility Storm Drainage ..................... 686
General Service Compressed-Air
Systems ................................................ 689
Domestic Water Softeners ................. 690
Domestic Water Filtration
Equipment ........................................... 690
Electric Domestic Water Heaters ...... 691
Fuel-Fired Domestic Water Heaters .. 693
Domestic Water Heat Exchangers .... 695
Residential Plumbing Fixtures .......... 696
Commercial Plumbing Fixtures ........ 702
Healthcare Plumbing Fixtures ........... 707
Emergency Plumbing Fixtures .......... 708
Security Plumbing Fixtures ............... 709
Drinking Fountains and Water
Coolers ................................................. 710
Swimming Pool Plumbing Systems .. 712
Fountain Plumbing Systems .............. 712
Vacuum Systems for Laboratory
and Healthcare Facilities ................... 713
Gas Systems for Laboratory
and Healthcare Facilities ................... 713
Chemical-Waste Systems for Lab.
and Healthcare Facilities ................... 713
Heating Ventilation Air Conditioning
Common Work Results for HVAC ... 720
HVAC Insulation ................................ 730
Instrumentation and Control
for HVAC ............................................. 732
Facility Fuel Piping ............................. 737

Related RSMeans
Products and Services
Table of Contents (cont.)
Sect. No.
23
23
23
23

12
13
21
22

23
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23
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23
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23 73
23 74
23 76
23 81
23 82
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26 05
26 09
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Page

Heating Ventilation Air Conditioning


Facility Fuel Pumps ............................ 739
Facility Fuel-Storage Tanks ............... 739
Hydronic Piping and Pumps .............. 742
Steam and Condensate Piping
and Pumps ........................................... 752
Refrigerant Piping ............................... 753
HVAC Ducts and Casings ................. 755
Air Duct Accessories .......................... 766
HVAC Fans .......................................... 772
Special Exhaust Systems .................... 777
Air Terminal Units ............................. 779
Air Outlets and Inlets ........................ 780
Ventilation Hoods ............................... 789
Particulate Air Filtration ................... 789
Gas-Phase Air Filtration .................... 790
Electronic Air Cleaners ...................... 790
Breechings, Chimneys, and Stacks ... 790
Heating Boilers .................................... 797
Furnaces ............................................... 804
Fuel-Fired Heaters .............................. 806
Solar Energy Heating Equipment ...... 807
Heat Exchangers for HVAC ............... 810
Refrigerant Compressors .................... 811
Packaged Compressor
and Condenser Units .......................... 812
Refrigerant Condensers ...................... 813
Packaged Water Chillers .................... 814
Cooling Towers ................................... 817
Air-to-Air Energy Recovery
Equipment ........................................... 818
Indoor Central-Station
Air-Handling Units ............................. 819
Packaged Outdoor HVAC
Equipment ........................................... 819
Evaporative Air-Cooling Equip. ......... 822
Decentralized Unitary HVAC
Equipment ........................................... 825
Convection Heating
and Cooling Units .............................. 829
Radiant Heating Units ....................... 835
Humidity Control Equipment ........... 841
Electrical
Operation and Maintenance
of Electrical Systems .......................... 844
Common Work Results
for Electrical ........................................ 844
Instrumentation and Control
for Electrical Systems ......................... 950
Medium-Voltage Transformers .......... 952
Medium-Voltage Switchgear .............. 952
Low-Voltage Transformers ................. 954
Switchboards and Panelboards .......... 957
Enclosed Bus Assemblies ................... 981
Low-Voltage Distribution
Equipment ......................................... 1002
Low-Voltage Circuit Protective
Devices .............................................. 1018
Low-Voltage Controllers .................. 1023
Photovoltaic Collectors .................... 1026
Packaged Generator Assemblies ..... 1027
Battery Equipment ............................ 1027
Power Filters and Conditioners ....... 1028
Transfer Switches ............................. 1031
Facility Lightning Protection .......... 1032
Cathodic Protection ......................... 1034
Interior Lighting ................................ 1034
Emergency Lighting .......................... 1042
Exit Signs ........................................... 1042
Classied Location Lighting ............ 1043
Special Purpose Lighting .................. 1043
Exterior Lighting ............................... 1044
Lighting Systems and Accessories .. 1048
Electrical Machines .......................... 1050

Sect. No.
27 01
27 05
27 11
27 13
27 15
27 21
27 32
27 41
27 51
27 52
27 53
28 01
28 05
28
28
28
28
28
28
28

13
16
23
31
32
33
39

31 05
31 06
31 11
31 13
31
31
31
31

14
22
23
25

31
31
31
31
31
31
31
31
31
31
31
31
31
31

31
32
33
36
37
41
43
45
46
48
52
56
62
63

32 01
32 06
32
32
32
32
32

11
12
13
14
16

32 17
32 18
32 31
32 32
32 34

Page

Communications
Operation and Maintenance
of Communications Systems .......... 1054
Common Work Results
for Communications ........................ 1054
Communications Equipment
Room Fittings ................................... 1055
Communications Backbone
Cabling ............................................... 1055
Communications Horizontal
Cabling ............................................... 1056
Data Communications Network
Equipment ......................................... 1058
Voice Communications Terminal
Equipment ......................................... 1059
Audio-Video Systems ....................... 1059
Distributed Audio-Video
Communications Systems ............... 1059
Healthcare Communications
and Monitoring Systems .................. 1060
Distributed Systems ......................... 1060
Electronic Safety & Security
Operation and Maint. of Electronic
Safety and Security ........................... 1064
Common Work Results
for Electronic Safety and Security ... 1064
Access Control .................................. 1064
Intrusion Detection .......................... 1065
Video Surveillance ............................ 1066
Fire Detection and Alarm ................ 1067
Radiation Detection and Alarm ...... 1068
Gas Detection and Alarm ................ 1068
Mass Notication Systems .............. 1068
Earthwork
Common Work Results
for Earthwork .................................... 1070
Schedules for Earthwork .................. 1070
Clearing and Grubbing ..................... 1071
Selective Tree and Shrub
Removal and Trimming ................... 1071
Earth Stripping and Stockpiling ...... 1072
Grading .............................................. 1073
Excavation and Fill ........................... 1073
Erosion and Sedimentation
Controls ............................................. 1095
Soil Treatment .................................. 1095
Soil Stabilization ............................... 1095
Rock Stabilization ............................ 1096
Gabions .............................................. 1097
Riprap ................................................. 1097
Shoring ............................................... 1097
Concrete Raising .............................. 1098
Vibrootation and Densication .... 1099
Needle Beams .................................... 1099
Underpinning .................................... 1099
Cofferdams ........................................ 1099
Slurry Walls ....................................... 1100
Driven Piles ....................................... 1101
Bored Piles ......................................... 1103
Exterior Improvements
Operation and Maintenance
of Exterior Improvements ................ 1108
Schedules for Exterior
Improvements ................................... 1117
Base Courses ..................................... 1119
Flexible Paving .................................. 1120
Rigid Paving ...................................... 1121
Unit Paving ....................................... 1122
Curbs, Gutters, Sidewalks,
and Driveways .................................. 1124
Paving Specialties ............................. 1125
Athletic and Recreational
Surfacing ............................................ 1127
Fences and Gates .............................. 1128
Retaining Walls ................................. 1135
Fabricated Bridges ............................. 1138

Sect. No.
32
32
32
32
32
32

84
91
92
93
94
96

33 01
33 05
33 11
33 12
33
33
33
33
33
33
33
33
33
33
33
33
33
33

16
21
31
36
41
42
44
46
49
51
52
61
63
71

33 81
34 01
34 11
34 41
34 43
34 71
34 72
35 20
35 31
35 51
41 21
41 22
44 11
46 07
46 23
46 25

48 15

Page

Planting Irrigation ............................ 1138


Planting Preparation ......................... 1140
Turf and Grasses ............................... 1142
Plants ................................................. 1143
Planting Accessories ......................... 1146
Transplanting .................................... 1147
Utilities
Operation and Maintenance
of Utilities ......................................... 1150
Common Work Results
for Utilities ........................................ 1154
Water Utility Distribution Piping ... 1155
Water Utility Distribution
Equipment ......................................... 1160
Water Utility Storage Tanks ............ 1163
Water Supply Wells .......................... 1164
Sanitary Utility Sewerage Piping .... 1166
Utility Septic Tanks ......................... 1167
Storm Utility Drainage Piping ........ 1168
Culverts ............................................. 1173
Storm Utility Water Drains ............. 1173
Subdrainage ....................................... 1174
Storm Drainage Structures .............. 1175
Natural-Gas Distribution ................. 1176
Liquid Fuel Distribution .................. 1178
Hydronic Energy Distribution ......... 1179
Steam Energy Distribution .............. 1180
Electrical Utility Transmission
and Distribution ............................... 1183
Communications Structures ........... 1187
Transportation
Operation and Maintenance
of Transportation .............................. 1190
Rail Tracks ........................................ 1190
Roadway Signaling and Control
Equipment ......................................... 1191
Aireld Signaling and Control
Equipment ......................................... 1191
Roadway Construction .................... 1192
Railway Construction ...................... 1194
Waterway & Marine
Waterway and Marine
Construction and Equipment .......... 1196
Shoreline Protection ......................... 1197
Floating Construction ...................... 1198
Material Processing & Handling Equipment
Conveyors .......................................... 1200
Cranes and Hoists ............................ 1200
Pollution Control Equipment
Particulate Control Equipment ....... 1204
Water and Wastewater Equipment
Packaged Water and Wastewater
Treatment Equipment ...................... 1208
Grit Removal and Handling
Equipment ......................................... 1208
Oil and Grease Separation
and Removal Equipment ................. 1209
Electrical Power Generation
Wind Energy Electrical
Power Generation Equipment ......... 1212

Assemblies
Section
Table of Contents
Table No.
A SUBSTRUCTURE

Page

A1010 Standard Foundations


A1010 110 Strip Footings .............................................................................1222
A1010 260 Column Foundation & Pile Caps .............................................1223

Table No.
D2010
D2010
D2010
D2010
D2010

A1020 Special Foundations


A1020 810 Equipment Foundations ............................................................1224

B SHELL
B1010 Floor Construction
B1010 310 Balcony Floor Construction ......................................................1226
B1010 710 Steel Beam Fireproong ............................................................1228
B1010 720 Steel Column Fireproong ........................................................1230

B2010 Exterior Walls


B2010 143 Masonry Restoration - Cleaning ..............................................1232

B3010 Roof Coverings


B3010 120 Single Ply Membrane ................................................................1234

C INTERIORS
C1010 Partitions
C1010 124 Drywall Partitions/Wood Stud Framing ..................................1236
C1010 128 Drywall Components ................................................................1237

C1020 Interior Doors


C1020 114 Metal Door/Metal Frame ..........................................................1238
C1020 310 Hardware ....................................................................................1240

D3030 Cooling Generating Systems

D3050 Terminal & Package Units


D3050
D3050
D3050
D3050
D3050
D3050

150
155
160
165
170
190

D4010
D4010
D4010
D4010
D4010

310
350
370
390
410

C3020 Floor Finishes


C3030 Ceiling Finishes

D4020 Standpipes

D4090 Other Fire Protection Systems


D4090 910 Fire Suppression Unit Components .........................................1286
D4090 920 FM200 Systems ..........................................................................1286

D5010 Electrical Service/Distribution


D5010 120 Overhead Electric Service, 3 Phase - 4 Wire ...........................1287
D5010 130 Underground Electric Service ...................................................1289
D5010 250 Panelboard ..................................................................................1291

D SERVICES
D1010 Elevators and Lifts
D1010 140 Traction Geared Elevators ........................................................1246

D1020 Escalators and Moving Walks


D1020 110 Moving Stairs .............................................................................1247
D1020 210 Moving Walks ............................................................................1247

D2010 Plumbing Fixtures


D2010
D2010
D2010
D2010
D2010

110
210
310
410
510

Water Closet Systems ...............................................................1248


Urinal Systems ...........................................................................1249
Lavatory Systems .......................................................................1250
Kitchen Sink Systems ...............................................................1251
Bathtub Systems ........................................................................1252

Dry Pipe Sprinkler Systems ......................................................1265


Preaction Sprinkler Systems .....................................................1268
Deluge Sprinkler Systems .........................................................1271
Firecycle Sprinkler Systems ......................................................1275
Wet Pipe Sprinkler Systems ......................................................1277

D4020 310 Wet Standpipe Risers, Class I ...................................................1280


Wet Standpipe Risers, Class II ..................................................1280
Wet Standpipe Risers, Class III .................................................1281
D4020 330 Dry Standpipe Risers, Class I ...................................................1282
Dry Standpipe Risers, Class II ..................................................1282
Dry Standpipe Risers, Class III .................................................1283
D4020 410 Fire Hose Equipment .................................................................1284

C3020 410 Tile & Covering .........................................................................1242


C3030 105 Plaster Ceilings ..........................................................................1243

Rooftop Single Zone Unit Systems ..........................................1259


Rooftop Multizone Unit Systems ............................................1260
Self-contained, Water Cooled Unit Systems ...........................1261
Self-contained, Air Cooled Unit Systems ...............................1262
Split Systems With Air Cooled Condensing Units ................1263
Computer Room Cooling Units ...............................................1264

D4010 Sprinklers

C3010 Wall Finishes


C3010 230 Paint & Covering .......................................................................1241

Page
Group Wash Fountain Systems ................................................1253
Shower Systems .........................................................................1254
Water Cooler Systems ...............................................................1255
Two Fixture Bathroom, Two Wall Plumbing ..........................1256
Two Fixture Bathroom, One Wall Plumbing ..........................1256

D3030 110 Chilled Water, Air Cooled Condenser Systems ......................1257


D3030 115 Chilled Water, Cooling Tower Systems ..................................1258

B2020 Exterior Windows


B2020 108 Vinyl Clad Windows ..................................................................1233

610
710
820
920
922

D5020 Lighting and Branch Wiring


D5020
D5020
D5020
D5020

115
145
208
210

Receptacles, Floor ......................................................................1293


Motor Installation ......................................................................1294
Fluorescent Fixtures (by Type) ..................................................1296
Fluorescent Fixtures (by Wattage) ............................................1297

D5030 Communications and Security


D5030 310 Telephone Systems ....................................................................1298
D5030 810 Security & Detection Systems .................................................1299
D5030 910 Communication & Alarm Systems .........................................1300

D5090 Energy Monitoring Systems


D5090 480 Energy Monitoring Systems ......................................................1302

1213

Table of Contents (cont.)


Table No.
E EQUIPMENT & FURNISHINGS

Page

E2020 Moveable Furnishings


E2020 410 Moveable Int. Landscaping .......................................................1304

F SPECIAL CONSTRUCTION
F1020 Integrated Construction
F1020 220 Prefab Clean Room ....................................................................1311

Table No.
G2020 Parking Lots

Page

G2020 220 Parking Lots ...............................................................................1319

G2030 Pedestrian Paving


G2030 110 Bituminous Sidewalks ...............................................................1320
G2030 120 Concrete Sidewalks ...................................................................1320
G2030 150 Brick & Tile Plazas ....................................................................1320

G4020 Site Lighting


G4020 210 Light Pole (Installed) ..................................................................1321

G BUILDING SITEWORK
G1030 Site Earthwork
G1030 805 Trenching Common Earth ........................................................1314
G1030 806 Trenching Loam & Sandy Clay ................................................1315
G1030 807 Trenching Sand & Gravel .........................................................1317

1215

Reference
Section
All the reference information is in one section,
making it easy to nd what you need to know
. . . and easy to use the book on a daily basis. This
section is visually identied by a vertical gray
bar on the page edges.
In this Reference Section, weve included
Equipment Rental Costs, a listing of rental and
operating costs; Crew Listings, a full listing
of all crews and equipment, and their costs;
Historical Cost Indexes for cost comparisons
over time; City Cost Indexes and Location
Factors for adjusting costs to the region you
are in; Reference Tables, where you will nd
explanations, estimating information and
procedures, or technical data; Change Orders,
information on pricing changes to contract
documents; Square Foot Costs that allow you
to make a rough estimate for the overall cost of
a project; and an explanation of all the
Abbreviations in the book.

Table of Contents
Construction Equipment
Rental Costs
Crew Listings
Historical Cost Indexes
City Cost Indexes
Location Factors
Reference Tables
R01
R02
R03
R04
R05
R06
R07
R08
R09
R13
R14
R21

General Requirements........................
Existing Conditions ............................
Concrete...............................................
Masonry ...............................................
Metals ..................................................
Wood, Plastics & Composites ...........
Thermal & Moisture Protection .......
Openings ..............................................
Finishes ................................................
Special Construction ..........................
Conveying Equipment ........................
Fire Suppression ..................................

Reference Tables (cont.)


1325
1337
1371
1372
1415
1421
1421
1440
1443
1448
1449
1457
1457
1458
1461
1462
1463
1464

R22 Plumbing .............................................


R23 Heating, Ventilating &
Air Conditioning .................................
R26 Electrical ..............................................
R27 Communications ................................
R32 Exterior Improvements.......................
R33 Utilities ................................................
R34 Transportation .....................................

Change Orders
Square Foot Costs
Abbreviations

1469
1477
1490
1505
1505
1506
1507
1508
1513
1523

1323