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Mark Scheme (Final)

January 2009

GCE

GCE Core Mathematics C3 (6665/01)

Edexcel Limited. Registered in England and Wales No. 4496750


Registered Office: One90 High Holborn, London WC1V 7BH
General Marking Guidance

• All candidates must receive the same treatment. Examiners must mark the
first candidate in exactly the same way as they mark the last.
• Mark schemes should be applied positively. Candidates must be rewarded for
what they have shown they can do rather than penalised for omissions.
• Examiners should mark according to the mark scheme not according to their
perception of where the grade boundaries may lie.
• There is no ceiling on achievement. All marks on the mark scheme should be
used appropriately.
• All the marks on the mark scheme are designed to be awarded. Examiners
should always award full marks if deserved, i.e. if the answer matches the mark
scheme. Examiners should also be prepared to award zero marks if the
candidate’s response is not worthy of credit according to the mark scheme.
• Where some judgement is required, mark schemes will provide the principles by
which marks will be awarded and exemplification may be limited.
• When examiners are in doubt regarding the application of the mark scheme to a
candidate’s response, the team leader must be consulted.
• Crossed out work should be marked UNLESS the candidate has replaced it with
an alternative response.
January 2009
6665 Core C3
Mark Scheme

Version for Online Standardisation

Question
Scheme Marks
Number

1. (a)
d
dx
( √ ( 5 x − 1) ) =
d
dx
(
( 5 x − 1) 2
1

)
1
= 5 × ( 5 x − 1) 2
−1
M1 A1
2

dy 5
= 2 x √ ( 5 x − 1) + x 2 ( 5 x − 1) 2
−1
M1 A1ft
dx 2

dy 10 10
At x = 2 , = 4√9 + = 12 + M1
dx √9 3
46
= Accept awrt 15.3 A1 (6)
3

d ⎛ sin 2 x ⎞ 2 x 2 cos 2 x − 2 x sin 2 x A1+A1


(b) ⎜ ⎟= M1
dx ⎝ x 2 ⎠ x4 A1
(4)
[10]

Alternative to (b)
d
dx
( sin 2 x × x −2 ) = 2 cos 2 x × x −2 + sin 2 x × ( −2 ) x −3 M1 A1 + A1

⎛ 2 cos 2 x 2sin 2 x ⎞
= 2 x −2 cos 2 x − 2 x −3 sin 2 x ⎜ = − ⎟ A1 (4)
⎝ x2 x3 ⎠
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

2x + 2 x +1 2x + 2 x +1
(a) − = −
x − 2 x − 3 x − 3 ( x − 3)( x + 1) x − 3
2. 2

2 x + 2 − ( x + 1)( x + 1)
= M1 A1
( x − 3)( x + 1)
=
( x + 1)(1 − x )
M1
( x − 3)( x + 1)
1− x x −1 x −1
= Accept − , A1 (4)
x −3 x −3 3− x

d ⎛ 1 − x ⎞ ( x − 3)( −1) − (1 − x )1
(b) ⎜ ⎟= M1 A1
dx ⎝ x − 3 ⎠ ( x − 3)
2

−x + 3 −1+ x 2
= = cso A1 (3)
( x − 3) ( x − 3)
2 2

[7]

Alternative to (a)
2x + 2 2 ( x + 1) 2
= = M1 A1
x − 2 x − 3 ( x − 3)( x + 1) x − 3
2

2 x + 1 2 − ( x + 1)
− = M1
x −3 x −3 x−3
1− x
= A1 (4)
x −3
Alternatives to (b)
1− x 2
f ( x) = = −1 − 2 ( x − 3)
−1
1 = −1 −
x−3 x −3
f ′ ( x ) = ( −1)( −2 )( x − 3)
−2
M1 A1
2
= cso A1 (3)
( x − 3)
2

f ( x ) = (1 − x )( x − 3)
−1
2
f ′ ( x ) = ( −1)( x − 3) + (1 − x )( −1)( x − 3)
−2
M1
1 1− x − ( x − 3) − (1 − x )
=− − = A1
x − 3 ( x − 3) 2
( x − 3)
2

2
= A1 (3)
( x − 3)
2
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

3. (a)

y ( 3, 6 )
Shape B1
( 3, 6 ) B1
( 7, 0 ) B1 (3)
O ( 7, 0 ) x

(b)
y

( 3, 5 ) Shape B1
( 3, 5) B1
( 7, 2 ) B1 (3)
( 7, 2 ) [6]

O x
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

4. x = cos ( 2 y + π )
dx
= −2sin ( 2 y + π ) M1 A1
dy
dy 1 dx
=− Follow through their A1ft
dx 2sin ( 2 y + π ) dy
before or after substitution
π dy 1 1
At y = , =− =
4 dx 3π 2 B1
2sin
2

π 1
y− =x M1
4 2
1 π
y = x+ A1 (6)
2 4
[6]
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

5. (a) g ( x) ≥ 1 B1 (1)

(b) ( ) = 3e
f g ( x ) = f ex
2
x2
+ lne x
2
M1
= x 2 + 3e x
2
A1 (2)
( fg : x a x 2
+ 3e x
2

)
(c) fg ( x ) ≥ 3 B1 (1)

(d)
d 2
dx
( 2

)
x + 3e x = 2 x + 6 x e x
2

M1 A1

2x + 6x ex = x2 ex + 2x
2 2

ex ( 6x − x2 ) = 0
2
M1
ex ≠ 0 , 6 x − x2 = 0
2
A1
x = 0, 6 A1 A1 (6)
[10]
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

6. (a)(i) sin 3θ = sin ( 2θ + θ )


= sin 2θ cos θ + cos 2θ sin θ
= 2sin θ cos θ .cos θ + (1 − 2sin 2 θ ) sin θ M1 A1
= 2sin θ (1 − sin 2 θ ) + sin θ − 2sin 3 θ M1
= 3sin θ − 4sin 3 θ cso A1 (4)

(ii) 8sin 3 θ − 6sin θ + 1 = 0


−2sin 3θ + 1 = 0 M1 A1
1
sin 3θ = M1
2
π 5π
3θ = ,
6 6
π 5π
θ= , A1 A1 (5)
18 18

(b) sin15° = sin ( 60° − 45° ) = sin 60° cos 45° − cos 60° sin 45° M1
√3 1 1 1
= ×− × M1 A1
2 √2 2 √2
1 1 1
= √ 6 − √ 2 = ( √ 6 − √ 2) cso A1 (4)
4 4 4
[13]

Alternatives to (b)
1 sin15° = sin ( 45° − 30° ) = sin 45° cos 30° − cos 45° sin 30° M1
1 √3 1 1
= × − × M1 A1
√2 2 √2 2
1 1 1
= √ 6 − √ 2 = ( √ 6 − √ 2) cso A1 (4)
4 4 4

2 Using cos 2θ = 1 − 2sin 2 θ , cos 30° = 1 − 2sin 2 15°


√3
2sin 2 15° = 1 − cos 30° = 1 −
2
2−√3
sin 2 15° = M1 A1
4
2−√3
2
⎛1 ⎞ 1
⎜ ( √ 6 − √ 2 ) ⎟ = ( 6 + 2 − 2 √ 12 ) = M1
⎝4 ⎠ 16 4
1
Hence sin15° = ( √ 6 − √ 2 ) cso A1 (4)
4
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

7. (a) f ′ ( x ) = 3e x + 3 x e x M1 A1
3e + 3 x e = 3e (1 + x ) = 0
x x x

x = −1 M1 A1
f ( −1) = −3e −1 − 1 B1 (5)

(b) x1 = 0.2596 B1
x2 = 0.2571 B1
x3 = 0.2578 B1 (3)

(c) Choosing ( 0.257 55, 0.257 65 ) or an appropriate tighter interval. M1


f ( 0.257 55 ) = −0.000 379 ...
f ( 0.257 65 ) = 0.000 109 … A1
Change of sign (and continuity) ⇒ root ∈ ( 0.257 55, 0.257 65 ) cso A1
( ⇒ x = 0.2576 , is correct to 4 decimal places) (3)
[11]
Note: x = 0.257 627 65 … is accurate
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

8. (a) R 2 = 32 + 42 M1
R=5 A1
4
tan α = M1
3
α = 53 ... ° awrt 53° A1 (4)

(b) Maximum value is 5 ft their R B1 ft

At the maximum, cos (θ − α ) = 1 or θ − α = 0 M1


θ = α = 53 ... ° ft their α A1 ft (3)

(c) f ( t ) = 10 + 5cos (15t − α ) °


Minimum occurs when cos (15t − α ) ° = −1 M1
The minimum temperature is (10 − 5 ) ° = 5° A1 ft (2)

(d) 15t − α = 180 M1


t = 15.5 awrt 15.5 M1 A1 (3)
[12]