This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Nuclear energy is the energy released by a nuclear reaction, especially by fission or fusion. Nuclear energy is regarded as a source of massive power also called atomic energy. Bangladesh wants to set up first nuclear power plant to meet its demand for electricity. Bangladesh get green signal from IAEA. Bangladesh Government acquired land in Rooppur and wants to install its first plant by 2015. Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission’s activities now limited in research Activities. If we can complete this project it is possible for us to overcome our recent power crisis. And we can also manipulate the cost that causes for the load shedding.
6 Table of Contents Sl. 1. 2. 3. 4. Contents Introduction About Nuclear Energy Nuclear power plant mechanism Energy policy of Bangladesh I. Future of Nuclear Power Plant II. Projects III. Public Acceptance Acquired land in Rooppur Green Signal from IAEA Cost of planting a nuclear plant Signed a MOU with Russia Ground work Installation of first plant within 2015 Agreements signed Present condition and Activities of BAEC Conclusion Page no. 5 5-6 6 6-7
5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10 . 11 . 12 . 13 .
7 7 8-10 10 10 11 11 11-12 12
Introduction Constant power crisis is one of the main problems for Bangladesh to attain the projected goals of its socio-economic development. But due to limited indigenous energy sources it is not possible to increase electricity production. Over the last four decades scientist working in the nuclear field had been striving to fulfill the dream of implementation of nuclear power plant to overcome the crisis of electricity but limited resources and financial constraints are the major obstacles in the way of nuclear energy of Bangladesh. However, the overall power crisis situation and the constant efforts of the scientist made the Government of Bangladesh to take a decision of establishing a nuclear power plant in the country. Feasibility study has been made which has clearly identified nuclear option as appropriate and viable for the country. A site has already been selected for the establishment of 1st nuclear power plant.
About Nuclear Energy Nuclear energy originates from the splitting of uranium atoms in a process called fission and Fusion. At the power plant, the fission process is used to generate heat for producing steam, which is used by a turbine to generate electricity.
Figure: Process of Nuclear fusion. Source: The image of the Nuclear Fusion and Fission.
Figure: Nuclear Fission
Electricity, which plays such an important role in our lives, is generated in a power plant. (Source: Energy Story-Fission and Fusion) Nuclear power plant mechanism This interaction depicts a Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) nuclear reactor. In a PWR two types named Primary side and Secondary side system exists. First type have pipe that contains the coolant called the Primary side and Second one have pipe that contains steam to spin the turbine is called secondary side. Primary level and secondary side water do not mix. Primary side water keeps in high pressure and secondary side water keeps in a lower pressure. So the secondary side water boils and become steam which spins the turbine. The spinning of turbine produces electricity. (Source: Energy story- Nuclear power plant methods) Present Energy policy of Bangladesh
8 Nuclear energy has been introduced as an alternative source of energy mix in the national energy policy in 2007. The Government of Bangladesh approved Bangladesh Nuclear Power Action Plan (BANPAP) in 2000. Bangladesh’s energy policy now highly recommends building a nuclear power plan because of recent power crisis. Touching upon energy and power issues in A.M.A. Muhith budget speech, the finance minister outlined a long-term vision to solve the gas and power crisis at present and in future, and as part of it proposed an allocation of Tk 4,310 crore for the sector in the next fiscal year (FY). Former finance minister A.M.A. Muhith declined to give a definitive deadline for building a nuclear power plant but said the government plans to implement a 1,000 megawatt nuclear power plant in Rooppur with self-finance. • Future of Nuclear Plant: National energy policy has identified the necessity of implementing of two medium size nuclear plants within 2015-2017. • Projects: A development projects has been approved for the fiscal year 20082010 to accomplish essential activities to implement Nuclear Power Plant. • People’s Acceptance: The people of Bangladesh are accepting this idea because of present crisis of power. Its gives some guarantee of consistence power supply. (Source: Dr. Zakia Begum, 2008, p.2) Acquired land in Rooppur The proposal of building Nuclear power plant in Rooppur was first conceived in 1961. The Rooppur site was selected at 1963 and 163 hectares of land was acquired. Land for the plant (105.30 ha) and the residential colony (12.15 ha) was acquired and the people affected were compensated and rehabilitated at a nearby place. (Source: K M Rezaur Rahman, 2009) Green Signal from IAEA
9 Bangladesh submitted the work plan to the IAEA last October 2007, giving details on how the country planned to install the nuclear power plant at Rooppur and maintain safeguards with proper management of wastes. The IAEA was pleased with the government commitment for setting up the nuclear power plant, selection of the project site and assurance of utilizing the plant for peaceful purposes. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) approved energy-starved Bangladesh's plan to set up a nuclear power station. Former Energy and Power Adviser Tapan Chowdhury said, “The IAEA's response received recently was found to be very positive towards installation of a nuclear power plant”. (Source: Du Guodong, 2007) Cost of installing Nuclear Power Plant The cost of generating power via nuclear energy can be separated into the following components: • • • • The construction cost of building the plant. The operating cost of running the plant and generating energy. The cost of waste disposal from the plant. The cost of decommissioning the plant.
(The numbers in all the tables are the costs to generate electricity in US cents per KWHr for different interest rates and construction times) Case 1, Construction Cost = $1 Billion. (Westinghouse claim for its AP1000 reactor after volume production.) Interest rate 5% 6% 7% 3 years 2.2 2.4 2.6 4 years 2.3 2.5 2.8 5 years 2.4 2.7 3.0 7 years 2.7 3.1 3.6
10 8% 9% 10% 2.8 3.0 3.3 3.0 3.3 3.6 3.3 3.7 4.2 4.4 5.5 7.2
Case 2, Construction Cost = $1.4 Billion. (Westinghouse claim for its first AP1000 reactor) Interest rate 5% 6% 7% 8% 9% 10% 3 years 2.6 2.9 3.1 3.4 3.7 4.0 4 years 2.8 3.0 3.3 3.7 4.1 4.6 5 years 2.9 3.2 3.6 4.1 4.7 5.4 7 years 3.3 3.8 4.6 5.6 7.1 9.5
Case 3, Construction Cost = $2.0 Billion. Interest rate 3 years 4 years 5 years 7 years 5% 3.2 3.4 3.6 4.1 6% 3.5 3.9 4.1 4.9 7% 3.9 4.2 4.6 6.0 8% 4.3 4.7 5.3 7.4 9% 4.7 5.3 6.1 9.6 10% 5.2 6.0 7.1 13.1 Source: Energy Bangla- The cost of installing nuclear plant Engr. Khondkar Abdus Saleque) The General Electric ABWR was the first third generation power plant approved. The first two ABWR's were commissioned in Japan in 1996 and 1997. These took just over 3 years to construct and were completed on budget. Their construction costs were around $2000 per KW. In generally it can be built in only four years for a cost ranging from $1,400 to $1,600 USD per kW, depending on the host country. (Source: Nuclear plants and instrumentation). In our country it might take 4-5 years to implement the planned 600-1000-MW nuclear power plant. The cost of the plant might be $ 1.5-2.0 billion.
11 Signed a MoU with Russia Russia entered a race with China and South Korea on Sunday to win a contract to build a 1,000 megawatt nuclear power plant for energy-starved Bangladesh. (Source: Russia vies for Bangladesh nuclear power plant deal) Bangladesh and Russia signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) as an umbrella accord aimed at enhancing cooperation between the two countries in peaceful use of nuclear energy, by way of installing a nuclear plant in the first place. Minister for Science and ICT architect Yeafesh Osman said, "This is a great moment for us. Through the signing of this agreement, we are moving forward to implement our election commitment to build up a nuclear power project in Rooppur". The immediate purpose of the deal signed between the state-owned Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission (BAEC) and the Russian State Atomic Energy Corporation-Rosatom-is to take necessary steps for building a 600-1000-megawatt power plant in Bangladesh. (Source: “Nazrul Islam” 2009). Groundwork Dhaka is now ready for groundwork to install its first nuclear plant. As it previously signed with Russia the engineers and some manpower visited IAEA nuclear plant and they experienced the total mechanism of a Nuclear Plant. Russian engineers visits the Rooppur site and now design the plant and estimate the total construction cost. (Source: “Nazrul Islam” 2009)
Installation of first plant within 2015 Bangladesh wants to install its first nuclear power plant by 2015 to meet the country's mounting electricity demand, as the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has
12 responded positively to its installation plan. This is having a generation capacity between 700 MW and 1,000 MW. Bangladesh also wants to install two more units within 2025. (Source: Du Guodong 2007). Agreements signed Bangladesh signed different agreements of IAEA like NPT, Safeguard Agreements, Additional Protocols (TBT safety convention), RCA, and Convention on Physical protection of nuclear material etc. (Source: K M Rezaur Rahman 2009)
Present condition and Activities of BAEC
Source: The image of the Bangladesh Atomic energy commission. Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission (BAEC) is the national authority for acquisition, development and application of Nuclear Science and Technology and thus is playing the pioneering role for the development of the country’s nuclear research programs. Being firmly committed to peaceful uses of Atomic energy, program’s have been undertaken in physical sciences, Biological sciences, Engineering and Nuclear Power Sector by Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission and some of the results have been transferred from laboratories to hospital, agriculture, industries and environment for practical applications. In spite of some major constrains, presently BAEC’s activities have increased many folds and keeping in view of the overall power crisis of the country effort have also been given to establish Nuclear Power Plant in the country (Source: BAEC homepage, Primary objectives)
13 Conclusion The main problem with conventional power stations, based on my own enquiries is simply that we can have the equipment, technology, knowledge, plant and distribution networks – but we can’t get the power to run the power station in the first place. That is to say – our problem is first of all with the energy inputs. In spite of many of the limitations scientists of BAEC are working hard for the socio-economic development of the country on the basis of the peaceful use of atomic energy. We need to adopt a power generating technology that is economically feasible and environmentally sound. Bangladesh is not at the leading edge of technological research. This situation gives us an opportunity to learn from other people's mistakes. Bangladesh needs to develop an action plan for nuclear energy production, transmission, and supply. With the current trend of globalization of trade and technology transfer, it will be possible to adopt nuclear technologies that are both efficient and environmentally feasible for Bangladesh in the 21st century. (Source: The Energy challenge, Md. Khalequzzaman 2009) Reference List • Bangladesh Atomic energy commission homepage, Retrieved 2nd October 2009 from http://www.baec.org.bd/ • Du Guodong (Ed.) (2007) Bangladesh eyeing nuclear power plant by 2015, Retrieved 2nd October 2009 from http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/200712/25/content_7309462.htm • Nazrul Islam (2009) Dhaka, Moscow signs deal on peaceful use of nuclear energy, Retrieved 2nd October from
14 Dr. Zakia Begum (2008), Status of Nuclear Activities of Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commisssion. Retrieved 2nd October 2009) • Energy Story, Chapter 13: Nuclear Energy- Fission and Fusion, Retrieved 2 October 2009 from http://www.energyquest.ca.gov/story/chapter13.html • Engr. Khondkar Abdus Saleque (2009) Bangladesh must go nuclear to meet energy demand, retrieved 2nd October from
http://www.energybangla.com/index.php? mod=article&cat=SomethingtoSay&article=1680 K M Rezaur Rahman, 2009 (09-11 June) Present status of Nuclear Power program in Bangladesh • Md. Khalequzzaman, The Energy challenge for 21st century Bangladesh, Retrieved 25th November from http://www.eb2000.org/short_note_3.htm Md. Khalequzzaman, Assistant Professor of Geology, Georgia Southwestern State University, Americus, GA 31709, USA • Nuclear plants and instrumentation-plants with greater efficiency and output. Retrieved 2nd october, from
http://www.gepower.com/prod_serv/products/nuclear/en/index.htm • Russia vies for Bangladesh Nuclear power plant deal. Retrieved 2nd October 2009 from http://uk.reuters.com/article/oilRpt...090322?sp=true
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.