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Acceptance Standards for

Non-Destructive testing

API 1104

The length of an individual indication of IP exceeds


25 mm
The aggregate length of indications of IP in any
continuous 300 mm length of weld exceeds 25 mm
The aggregate length of IP exceeds 8% of the weld
length in welds less than 300 mm in length

The length of an individual indication of IPD


exceeds 50 mm

The aggregate length of IPD indications exceed 75


mm in a 300 mm length of weld

The length of an individual indication of ICP


exceeds 50 mm

The aggregate length of indications of ICP exceeds


50 mm in a length of 300 mm of weld

The length of an individual indication of IF exceeds


25 mm
The aggregate length of indications of IF exceeds
25 mm in a length of 300 mm of weld
The aggregate length of IF exceeds 8% of the weld
length in welds less than 300 mm in length

The length of an individual indication of IFD


exceeds 50 mm
The aggregate length of indications of IFD exceeds
50 mm in a 300 mm length of weld
The aggregate length of IFD exceeds 8% of the
weld length

Burn Through

Any length of internal concavity is acceptable


provided the density of the radiographic image is
not greater than that of the thinnest adjacent parent
material

For areas which exceed the density of the thinnest


adjacent parent material the criteria for burn
through will apply.

The maximum dimension exceeds 6 mm and the


density of the BT image exceeds that of the thinnest
adjacent parent material
The maximum dimension exceeds the thinner of the
nominal wall thicknesses joined, and the density of
the BT image exceeds that of the thinnest adjacent
parent material

Slag Inclusions

A slag inclusion is defined as a non-metallic solid


entrapped in the weld metal or between the weld
metal and the parent material
Elongated slag inclusions ESI
Continuous or broken slag lines or wagon tracksfound in fusion zones
ISI Isolated slag inclusions are of irregular shape
and may be found anywhere in the weld

ESI Slag Inclusions

ISI Slag Inclusions

Porosity

The length of an ESI exceeds 50


mm
The aggregate length of indications
of ESI exceeds 50 mm in a 300 mm
length of weld
The width of an ESI exceeds 1.6
mm
The aggregate length of the ISI in
any continuous length of 300 mm of
weld exceeds 13 mm.
The width of an ISI indication
exceeds 3 mm
More than 4 ISI indications with a
maximum width of 3 mm in a
length of 300 mm of weld
The aggregate length of ESI and ISI
indications exceeds 8% of weld
length
Porosity is defined as gas trapped
by solidifying weld metal before the
gas has a chance to raise to the
surface of the molten puddle and
escape.
Porosity is generally spherical but
may be elongated or irregular shape
such as piping or worm hole
porosity
The size of a pore is measured by
its maximum dimension
The size of an individual pore
exceeds 3 mm
The size of an individual pore
exceeds 25% of the nominal wall
thickness joined
The distribution of scattered
porosity exceeds the concentration
permitted in Fig 19

Cluster porosity CP that occurs in


any pass except the finish pass shall
comply with the criteria of the
previous slide.

CP that occurs in the finish pass


shall be considered a defect should
any of the following conditions
exist:

The diameter of a cluster exceeds


13 mm
The aggregate length of CP
exceeds. 13 mm in a 300 mm
length of weld
An individual pore within the
cluster exceeds 2 mm in size.

Cluster Porosity

Hollow Bead Porosity

Cracks

HB is defned as elongated porosity


that occurs in the root pass:
The length of an individual
indication exceeds 13 mm
The aggregate length of HB
exceeds. 50 mm in a 300 mm
length of weld
Individual indications of HB that
exceed 6 mm
are separated by less than 50 mm
The aggregate length of all
indications of HB exceeds 8% of
weld length
Cracks C shall be considered a
defect:
A crack (C) of any size or location
in a weld is NOT a shallow crater or
star crack
A crater or star crack that exceeds 4
mm

( crater cracks are a result of weld metal


contractions during solidification)

Undercutting

Accumulation of imperfections

Undercutting is a groove melted


into the parent metal adjacent to the
weld and left unfilled by weld metal
Undercutting adjacent to the cover
pass EU and adjacent to the root
pass IU
The aggregate length of EU and IU
in any combination in any
continuous 300 mm length of weld
exceeds 50 mm or 1/6th of weld
length
Excluding incomplete penetration
due low and undercutting (AI)
shall be considered a defect:
The aggregate length of indications
in any continuous 300 mm length of
weld exceeds 50 mm
The aggregate length of indications
exceed 8% of weld length