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The Analytical Lexicon of the Greek New Testament (William D.

(teknon) a child, a son or daughter. descendants, posterity.
pl. children, inhabitants. met. a child or son in virtue of discipleship.
The Analytical Greek Lexicon (Zondervan)
(teknon) a child, a son or daughter. pl. descendants, posterity. Child, son as
term of endearment. pl. children, inhabitants. A child in virtue of gracious acceptance.

Dictionary of Biblical Languages with Semantic Domains: (Greek) New Testament

5451 (teknon), (ou), (to): n.neu.; DBLHebr 1201; Str 5043; TDNT 5.636
1. LN 10.36 child, ones own (Lk 1:7); 2. LN 10.28 descendant (Ac 2:39); 3. LN 11.63
inhabitants of a particular place (Lk 13:34); 4. LN 9.46 child, as a term of endearment
(Mt 9:2); 5. LN 36.40 disciple, one who follows a teacher in authority (3Jn 4); 6. LN
58.26 kind or class of persons (1Pe 1:14); 7. LN 11.14 (tekna phtos),
people of God (Eph 5:8+)
adoption, nature of
The giving by God of the status and privileges of being his children. God adopts those
who believe in him and grants them the benefits of his salvation.
A family adopts a child

Ge 15:3 See also Ge 48:5; Ex 2:10; Est 2:7

God adopts the nation of Israel

Dt 14:2 See also Dt 7:7; Isa 63:16; Am 3:1-2; Ro 9:4

God is Israels father Jer 31:9 See also Mal 1:6
Israel is Gods son Hos 11:1 See also Dt 14:1
God adopts believers as his children

Jn 1:12-13
God is the Father of believers 2Co 6:18 See also Mt 6:9 pp Lk 11:2
Believers are adopted as an outcome of predestination Eph 1:5
Believers are adopted as an outcome of redemption Gal 4:5
Believers are adopted as an outcome of justification Gal 3:24-26 See also Jn 1:1213
Believers are adopted by grace Eph 1:3-6 See also Eze 16:3-6; Ro 4:16; Eph 1:11
The final adoption of believers will occur at the resurrection Ro 8:23 See also Eph
1:13-14; 1Jn 3:2

(teknon). n. neut. child. A child, especially in relation to parents.
This noun is related to the verb (tikt, to give birth) and originally referred to
that which is borni.e., offspring or a child. It can refer simply to offspring in general,
and it is often used interchangeably with (huios, son); for example, in Luke 15 the
older brother of the prodigal son is first referred to as huios (Luke 15:25), but then as
teknon (Luke 15:31). However, teknon is a somewhat more general term for child than
huios, and does not indicate the childs gender. Like huios, it can be used to describe a
believer as a child (teknon) of God (John 1:12; 1 John 3:1; Rom 8:16). The word
teknon can be used figuratively to refer to someone who is not a physical descendant,
but who occupies the role of obedient son, such as Pauls coworkers Timothy (1 Cor
4:17; Phil 2:22), Titus (Titus 1:4), and Philemon (Phlm 1:10). The term usually has positive connotations in the nt, often as a term of endearment and intimate affection (Gal
4:19; Col 3:20), though it can refer negatively to the naivety of the immature (2 Cor
6:13). The diminutive of teknon, (teknion, little child) appears only in the writings of John and always as a term of address, either from Jesus to his disciples (John
13:33) or from John to the audience of his first letter (e.g., 1 John 2:1).
Old Testament

(bn); Aram. ( bar). n. masc. son. Generally refers to a son, or immediate male
offspring, but can also describe children of unspecified gender, grandchildren, or descendants.
By far the most common word in the ot to describe offspring, Hebrew bn is used
mainly to convey the familial relationship of sonship. It can refer to the immediate offspring of a couple (e.g., Gen 4:25), and can be used in the plural to simply refer to the
concept of children (Gen 3:16). It can also be used to describe kinship beyond just immediate offspringgrandchildren or descendants (e.g., Gen 31:28, where Laban uses it
to refer to his grandsons). In contrast to ( yld, child), the term bn does not necessitate biological relationship, and can thus be used to refer to an individual that has
been adopted in order to fill the role as heir (see Gen 15:2). The word bn can also be
used in a number of other various waysfor instance, to refer to a group (e.g., sons
[bn] of Israel, Num 27:12; sons [bn] of the prophets, 2 Kgs 5:22; sons [bn] of
God, Pss 29:1, 89:6) or to refer to an individuals age (Noah was a son [bn] of five
hundred years, Gen 5:32).
The Aramaic equivalent bar has a similar range of senses, including referring to a
son in the familial sense (eg., Ezra 5:1) and to a group of people (e.g., Dan 2:25, the
sons [bar] of the exile, i.e., the exiles).

Greek Words | ESV

teknon | 72 of 118
Mt 2:18 A voice was heard in Ramah weeping and loud lamentation
Rachel weeping for her children she refused to be comforted because
they are no more
Mt 3:9 And do not presume to say to yourselves We have Abraham as
our father for I tell you God is able from these stones to raise up children
for Abraham
Mt 7:11 If you then who are evil know how to give good gifts to your children how much more will your Father who is in heaven give good things
to those who ask him
Mt 10:21 Brother will deliver brother over to death and the father his child
and children will rise against parents and have them put to death
Mt 15:26 And he answered It is not right to take the childrens bread and
throw it to the dogs
Mt 18:25 And since he could not pay his master ordered him to be sold
with his wife and children and all that he had and payment to be made
Mt 19:29 And everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or children or lands for my names sake will receive a hundredfold and will inherit eternal life
Mt 22:24 saying Teacher Moses said If a man dies having no children his
brother must marry the widow and raise up offspring for his brother
Mt 23:37 O Jerusalem Jerusalem the city that kills the prophets and
stones those who are sent to it How often would I have gathered your
children together as a hen gathers her brood under her wings and you
were not willing
Mt 27:25 And all the people answered His blood be on us and on our
Mk 7:27 And he said to her Let the children be fed first for it is not right to
take the childrens bread and throw it to the dogs
Mk 10:24 And the disciples were amazed at his words But Jesus said to
them again Children how difficult it is to enter the kingdom of God
Mk 10:29 Jesus said Truly I say to you there is no one who has left house
or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or lands for my sake
and for the gospel
Mk 10:30 who will not receive a hundredfold now in this time houses and
brothers and sisters and mothers and children and lands with persecutions and in the age to come eternal life
Mk 13:12 And brother will deliver brother over to death and the father his
child and children will rise against parents and have them put to death
Lk 1:17 and he will go before him in the spirit and power of Elijah to turn
the hearts of the fathers to the children and the disobedient to the wisdom
of the just to make ready for the Lord a people prepared

Lk 3:8 Bear fruits in keeping with repentance And do not begin to say to
yourselves We have Abraham as our father For I tell you God is able from
these stones to raise up children for Abraham
Lk 7:35 Yet wisdom is justified by all her children
Lk 11:13 If you then who are evil know how to give good gifts to your children how much more will the heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those
who ask him
Lk 13:34 O Jerusalem Jerusalem the city that kills the prophets and
stones those who are sent to it How often would I have gathered your
children together as a hen gathers her brood under her wings and you
were not willing
Lk 14:26 If anyone comes to me and does not hate his own father and
mother and wife and children and brothers and sisters yes and even his
own life he cannot be my disciple
Lk 18:29 And he said to them Truly I say to you there is no one who has
left house or wife or brothers or parents or children for the sake of the
kingdom of God
Lk 19:44 and tear you down to the ground you and your children within
you And they will not leave one stone upon another in you because you
did not know the time of your visitation
Lk 20:31 and the third took her and likewise all seven left no children and
Lk 23:28 But turning to them Jesus said Daughters of Jerusalem do not
weep for me but weep for yourselves and for your children
Jn 1:12 But to all who did receive him who believed in his name he gave
the right to become children of God
Jn 8:39 They answered him Abraham is our father Jesus said to them If
you were Abrahams children you would be doing the works Abraham did
Jn 11:52 and not for the nation only but also to gather into one the children of God who are scattered abroad
Ac 2:39 For the promise is for you and for your children and for all who
are far off everyone whom the Lord our God calls to himself
Ac 13:33 this he has fulfilled to us their children by raising Jesus as also it
is written in the second Psalm You are my Son today I have begotten you
Ac 21:5 When our days there were ended we departed and went on our
journey and they all with wives and children accompanied us until we
were outside the city And kneeling down on the beach we prayed
Ac 21:21 and they have been told about you that you teach all the Jews
who are among the Gentiles to forsake Moses telling them not to circumcise their children or walk according to our customs
Ro 8:16 The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God
Ro 8:17 and if children then heirs heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ
provided we suffer with him in order that we may also be glorified with him
Ro 8:21 that the creation itself will be set free from its bondage to corruption and obtain the freedom of the glory of the children of God

Ro 9:7 and not all are children of Abraham because they are his offspring
but Through Isaac shall your offspring be named
Ro 9:8 This means that it is not the children of the flesh who are the children of God but the children of the promise are counted as offspring
1 Co 4:14 I do not write these things to make you ashamed but to admonish you as my beloved children
1 Co 7:14 For the unbelieving husband is made holy because of his wife
and the unbelieving wife is made holy because of her husband Otherwise
your children would be unclean but as it is they are holy
2 Co 6:13 In return I speak as to children widen your hearts also
2 Co 12:14 Here for the third time I am ready to come to you And I will not
be a burden for I seek not what is yours but you For children are not obligated to save up for their parents but parents for their children
Ga 4:19 my little children for whom I am again in the anguish of childbirth
until Christ is formed in you
Ga 4:25 Now Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia she corresponds to the
present Jerusalem for she is in slavery with her children
Ga 4:27 For it is written Rejoice O barren one who does not bear break
forth and cry aloud you who are not in labor For the children of the desolate one will be more than those of the one who has a husband
Ga 4:28 Now you brothers like Isaac are children of promise
Ga 4:31 So brothers we are not children of the slave but of the free
Eph 2:3 among whom we all once lived in the passions of our flesh carrying out the desires of the body and the mind and were by nature children
of wrath like the rest of mankind
Eph 5:1 Therefore be imitators of God as beloved children
Eph 5:8 for at one time you were darkness but now you are light in the
Lord Walk as children of light
Eph 6:1 Children obey your parents in the Lord for this is right
Eph 6:4 Fathers do not provoke your children to anger but bring them up
in the discipline and instruction of the Lord
Php 2:15 that you may be blameless and innocent children of God without blemish in the midst of a crooked and twisted generation among
whom you shine as lights in the world
Col 3:20 Children obey your parents in everything for this pleases the
Col 3:21 Fathers do not provoke your children lest they become discouraged
1 Th 2:7 But we were gentle among you like a nursing mother taking care
of her own children
1 Th 2:11 For you know how like a father with his children
1 Ti 3:4 He must manage his own household well with all dignity keeping
his children submissive
1 Ti 3:12 Let deacons each be the husband of one wife managing their
children and their own households well

1 Ti 5:4 But if a widow has children or grandchildren let them first learn to
show godliness to their own household and to make some return to their
parents for this is pleasing in the sight of God
Tt 1:6 if anyone is above reproach the husband of one wife and his children are believers and not open to the charge of debauchery or insubordination
1 Pe 1:14 As obedient children do not be conformed to the passions of
your former ignorance
1 Pe 3:6 as Sarah obeyed Abraham calling him lord And you are her children if you do good and do not fear anything that is frightening
2 Pe 2:14 They have eyes full of adultery insatiable for sin They entice
unsteady souls They have hearts trained in greed Accursed children
1 Jn 3:1 See what kind of love the Father has given to us that we should
be called children of God and so we are The reason why the world does
not know us is that it did not know him
1 Jn 3:2 Beloved we are Gods children now and what we will be has not
yet appeared but we know that when he appears we shall be like him because we shall see him as he is
1 Jn 3:10 By this it is evident who are the children of God and who are
the children of the devil whoever does not practice righteousness is not of
God nor is the one who does not love his brother
1 Jn 5:2 By this we know that we love the children of God when we love
God and obey his commandments
2 Jn 1 The elder to the elect lady and her children whom I love in truth
and not only I but also all who know the truth
2 Jn 4 I rejoiced greatly to find some of your children walking in the truth
just as we were commanded by the Father
2 Jn 13 The children of your elect sister greet you
3 Jn 4 I have no greater joy than to hear that my children are walking in
the truth
Re 2:23 and I will strike her children dead And all the churches will know
that I am he who searches mind and heart and I will give to each of you
according to your works