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Summer 2015

(6678/01)

Edexcel and BTEC qualifications are awarded by Pearson, the UKs largest awarding

body. We provide a wide range of qualifications including academic, vocational,

occupational and specific programmes for employers. For further information visit our

qualifications websites at www.edexcel.com or www.btec.co.uk. Alternatively, you can

get in touch with us using the details on our contact us page at

www.edexcel.com/contactus.

Pearson aspires to be the worlds leading learning company. Our aim is to help

everyone progress in their lives through education. We believe in every kind of

learning, for all kinds of people, wherever they are in the world. Weve been involved

in education for over 150 years, and by working across 70 countries, in 100

languages, we have built an international reputation for our commitment to high

standards and raising achievement through innovation in education. Find out more

about how we can help you and your students at: www.pearson.com/uk

Summer 2015

Publications Code UA042151

All the material in this publication is copyright

Pearson Education Ltd 2015

must mark the first candidate in exactly the same way as they mark

the last.

rewarded for what they have shown they can do rather than

penalised for omissions.

according to their perception of where the grade boundaries may lie.

scheme should be used appropriately.

Examiners should always award full marks if deserved, i.e. if the

answer matches the mark scheme. Examiners should also be

prepared to award zero marks if the candidates response is not

worthy of credit according to the mark scheme.

the principles by which marks will be awarded and exemplification

may be limited.

replaced it with an alternative response.

General Instructions for Marking

1. The total number of marks for the paper is 75.

2. The Edexcel Mathematics mark schemes use the following types of marks:

M marks

These are marks given for a correct method or an attempt at a correct method. In

Mechanics they are usually awarded for the application of some mechanical principle to

produce an equation.

e.g. resolving in a particular direction, taking moments about a point, applying a suvat

equation, applying the conservation of momentum principle etc.

The following criteria are usually applied to the equation.

To earn the M mark, the equation

(i) should have the correct number of terms

(ii) be dimensionally correct i.e. all the terms need to be dimensionally correct

e.g. in a moments equation, every term must be a force x distance term or mass x

distance, if we allow them to cancel g s.

For a resolution, all terms that need to be resolved (multiplied by sin or cos) must be

resolved to earn the M mark.

M marks are sometimes dependent (DM) on previous M marks having been earned.

e.g. when two simultaneous equations have been set up by, for example, resolving in two

directions and there is then an M mark for solving the equations to find a particular

quantity this M mark is often dependent on the two previous M marks having been

earned.

A marks

These are dependent accuracy (or sometimes answer) marks and can only be awarded if

the previous M mark has been earned. E.g. M0 A1 is impossible.

B marks

These are independent accuracy marks where there is no method (e.g. often given for a

comment or for a graph)

A few of the A and B marks may be f.t. follow through marks.

3. General Abbreviations

These are some of the traditional marking abbreviations that will appear in the mark

schemes.

ft follow through

the symbol

will be used for correct ft

cao correct answer only

cso - correct solution only. There must be no errors in this part of the question to

obtain this mark

isw ignore subsequent working

awrt answers which round to

SC: special case

oe or equivalent (and appropriate)

dep dependent

indep independent

dp decimal places

sf significant figures

The answer is printed on the paper

The second mark is dependent on gaining the first mark

4. All A marks are correct answer only (cao.), unless shown, for example, as A1 ft to

indicate that previous wrong working is to be followed through. After a misread

however, the subsequent A marks affected are treated as A ft, but manifestly absurd

answers should never be awarded A marks.

5. For misreading which does not alter the character of a question or materially simplify

it, deduct two from any A or B marks gained, in that part of the question affected.

6. If a candidate makes more than one attempt at any question:

If all but one attempt is crossed out, mark the attempt which is NOT crossed

out.

If either all attempts are crossed out or none are crossed out, mark all the

attempts and score the highest single attempt.

7. Ignore wrong working or incorrect statements following a correct answer.

(But note that specific mark schemes may sometimes override these general principles)

Rules for M marks: correct no. of terms; dimensionally correct; all terms that need

resolving (i.e. multiplied by cos or sin) are resolved.

DM indicates a dependent method mark i.e. one that can only be awarded if a previous

specified method mark has been awarded.

Any numerical answer which comes from use of g = 9.8 should be given to 2 or 3 SF.

N.B. Over-accuracy or under-accuracy of correct answers should only be penalised once

per complete question. However, premature approximation should be penalised every

time it occurs.

Marks must be entered in the same order as they appear on the mark scheme.

In all cases, if the candidate clearly labels their working under a particular part of a

question i.e. (a) or (b) or (c),then that working can only score marks for that part of

the question.

Misreads if a misread does not alter the character of a question or materially simplify

it, deduct two from any A or B marks gained, bearing in mind that after a misread, the

subsequent A marks affected are treated as A ft

Mechanics Abbreviations

M(A) Taking moments about A.

N2L

NEL

HL

Hookes Law

PCLM

RHS, LHS

June 2015

6678 Mechanics 2

Mark Scheme

Question

Number

1.

Scheme

Marks

12500 5F

B1

M1

a 2.47 (2.5)

A2

A1

Use of P Fv

Use of F ma parallel to the slope.

All 4 terms required. Condone sign errors and

sin/cos confusion.

12500 in place of F is M0 dimensionally incorrect

Correct unsimplified equation. -1 each error

Working with the positive direction up the slope is

acceptable for the first 4 marks, but their final

answer must be positive.

[5]

Question

Number

Scheme

2a

Marks

Ratio of masses 1 : 3 : 4

B1

Also common: 3 equal triangles, 6 equal triangles,

a rectangle and two equal triangles

2

a from O

3

B1

2

4 0 1 a 3d

3

M1

d a

9

A1

Distance =

2

a

9

consistent with their axis.

Condone 4 0 not seen.

Terms must be of correct form

Condone use of moments about a parallel axis

Signs must be consistent with their axis and

distances. Watch out for people who add a triangle

to the square.

Reach *Given answer* with no errors seen.

Their answer must be positive

[4]

D

45

2b

2a

2a

2a

2akM

2

a cos 45M

9

M1

A2

1

9

A1

[4]

9

Moments about A

Lengths must be resolved as necessary (need use of

trig).

-1 each error

Alt 2b

to find components of distance of c of m from A.

a 1 2k

x

1 k

11a

y

9 1 k

xy

Alt 2b

11

1

1 2k k

9

9

M1

A1

A1

A1

2

1

1

a cos 45 . 2a OD

9

9

9

M1A1

1

kM OD M OD

9

1

k

9

A1

A1

10

assumed that the c of m of the system is at O.

Using ratios

Question

Number

Scheme

: 0.75 v 6 i 6 j 0.75 4i

3a

Marks

9i 6 j

M1

A1

v 12 i 8 j

A1

9i + 6j

Must be considering m v u

Correct unsimplified

Award in (a) if seen or if (a) is completed correctly.

Award in (b) if (a) is incomplete and this mark has

not been awarded and correct v seen for the first

time in (b)

Could have a velocity triangle rather than

momentum, in which case the vectors are

4i,8i 8 j,12i 8 j

6i + 6j

3i

1 13 8

2

tan 1 or cos 1

, or equivalent

3

2 13

33.7 or 0.588 radians

3a alt

3b

6

v cos

4

0.75

0.75

6

v sin

0

0.75 v cos 9, 0.75 v sin 6

2

tan

3

33.7 or 0.588 radians

M1

A1

[5]

M1A1

A1

M1

A1

1 3

1 3

Change in KE = 144 64 16

2 4

2 4

M1

A1ft

A1

[3]

(8)

=72 (J)

11

1

Must use mv 2 in both terms (all of v, not just one

2

component of it.)

follow their v. Allow

CAO

Question

Number

Scheme

Marks

NB: If and

1

are used the wrong way round the candidate

3

loses the first A1 and the final A1.

1

R N or W R N

3

Take moments about A or B.

A1

M1

sin/cos confusion. Terms must be resolved.

-1 each error. Could be in terms of Fs. -1 if see Wg

in place of W. Any Friction force used should be

acting in the right direction.

Mark the equation, not what they have called it.

Use tan 5 (substitute values for the trig ratios)

3

N

cos Wl cos

3

M(B): 2l cos R Wl cos R 2l sin

A2

10

2

N N W

3

3

M1

or 2 R W 2 R

4N W 4N R

M1

5

3

1

N

3

DM1

11

R R

3

3

( 0.273)

11

DM1

A1

12

Dependent on the moments equation

Solve for

Dependent on the moments equation

0.27 or better

Alt 1

1

R N or W R N

3

M1

A1

M1

condone sign errors and sin/cos confusion. Terms

must be resolved.

-1 each error, Could be in terms of Fs. -1 if Wg

used.

Mark the equation, not what they have called it.

Any Friction force used should be acting in the right

direction.

For this method they need two moments equations

allows the marks for their best equation.

Use two moments equations to eliminate W

Dependent on the moments equation

Substitute for the trig ratios

DM1

A1

0.27 or better

M1

N

cos Wl cos

3

M(B): 2l cos R Wl cos R 2l sin

A2

N

cos 2l cos R R 2l sin

3

5 2

5

Use of tan : 2 2 2

3 3

3

20 2

Solve for : 2 ,

3 3

3

( 0.273)

11

DM1

2lN sin 2l

13

Alt 2

1

R N or W R N

3

M1

A1

1

l cos R l cos N l sin N l sin R

3

M1

A2

1

l cos R l cos R l sin R l sin R

3

1

cos 1 2 sin

3

Solve for : 10 3 ,

DM1

1

1

5

tan 3

2

3

3

( 0.273)

11

required. Terms must be resolved. Condone sign

errors and sin/cos confusion. Allow without friction

1

= N . Any Friction force used should be acting in

3

the right direction.

-1 each error. Could be in terms of Fs. -1 if Wg

used.

Obtain an equation in and

1

3

M1

DM1

A1

0.27 or better

[9]

14

With coefficient(s) of friction (condone Wg)

Question

Number

5a

Scheme

Marks

90.46

B1

M1

DM1

A1

5

Do not accept

(cannot have an exact value

12

following the use of 9.8)

Use of 9.81 is a rubric infringement, so A0 if seen.

Equation in : 6.5 10 g

12

245 ,

13

0.417 or 0.42

A1

[5]

5b

1

1

10 11.52 245 10 g 6.5sin 10 v 2

2

2

or equivalent

M1 All terms required. Condone sign errors and sin/cos

confusion.

-1 each error 661.25 245 245 171.25

A2

A1

[4]

(9)

15

Question

Number

6a

Scheme

At rest when v 0 :

2t

Marks

9t 4 0

M1

2t 1 t 4 ,

1

t , 4

2

DM1

A1

M0A0

[3]

6b

dv

4t 9

dt

M1

t 5 , a 11 (m s-2)

6c

going down)

A1

Correct derivative

A1

[3]

2

9

s vdt t 3 t 2 4t (+C)

3

2

Integrate v to obtain s

(at least one power of t going up)

M1

A1

1

, t 4 , t 5 (and t 0 , s 15 ) as

2

limits in integrals

Use of t 0 , t

DM1

of the negative distance.

Dependent on the previous M1 and at least one

positive solution for t in (0,5) from (a)

A1

2 3 9 2

2 2 3 9 2

t t 4t 15

4

15

2

2

0 3

1

2

5

9

2

t 3 t 2 4t 15

2

3

4

23

40 55

23 343 100

(0,

,

,

)

19.4 (m)

24

3

6

24 24 24

23 383 5

A1

35

15, 15

, , 5.83

24 24 3

6

[5]

(11)

16

19

5 233

or better

12 12

Question

Number

7a

Scheme

Marks

Vertical component of speed at A = u at

= u sin 4 g

At A, components are 15 cos 20 (horizontal) and 15sin 20

(vertical)

72.4 ( 72 )

u 46.5 (47)

7b

1

At t 4 , s vt gt 2

2

98.9.......

At A, components are 15 cos 20 (horizontal) and 15sin 20

(vertical)

1 2 1

mv mu 2 2 gh

2

2

u 46.5 (47)

72.4 ( 72 )

15sin 20 15 sin 20 gt

or

0 15sin 20t

1 2

gt

2

7c

A1

B1

DM1

u cos 15cos 20

u sin 15sin 20 4 g

Alt7a

B1

M1

A1

A1

[7]

B1

M1

A1

B1

DM1

A1

A1

)

128 (m) or 127 (m) (130)

M1

A1

[3]

( 12)

17

include all three terms but condone sign error(s).

Remember - A0 for the first overspecified answer

Beware inappropriate use of suvat

Complete method using suvat or otherwise to find

the time to travel from A to B

M1

A1

[2]

B1ft

attempt to solve for u or . Depends on the previous

M1

Remember - A0 for the first overspecified answer

2u sin

for their u ,

g

Correct method to find OC for their t,u and

Follow their t

or

Question

Number

Scheme

4u

Marks

2u

3u

8a

4 mu 2 mu mv mw

M1

sign errors. Condone m missing throughout.

A1

w v 6eu

v w 2u

w v 6eu

M1

errors

Signs should be consistent with equation for CLM.

Solve for w. Dependent on the two previous M

marks.

Use inequality to compare their w with 3u.

A1

M1

A1

DM1

2 w 2u 6eu , ( w u 3eu )

u 3eu 3u ,

2

3

[7]

18

8a alt

8b

M1

Magnitude of impulse on P 5mu

v u

wv

e

4u 2u

Speed of separation after collision u 3u

4u

e

4u 2u

2

e

3

w u 3eu

A1

M1

M1

Impact law

M1

A1

A1

13

5

u, v u

4

4

B1

M1

their w. All terms required. Condone sign errors. e

must be used correctly.

A1

mw 3mu mx my

3

w 3u y x

4

25

3u

yx

u x y,

4

16

DM1

97u

97

u 2x , x

3.03125u

32

16

P and Q moving away from each other, so no collision.

19

A1

A1

[6]

(13)

Need to get far enough to give a convincing

concluding argument.

Correct expression for kx

Reach given conclusion with no errors seen.

with its registered office at 80 Strand, London, WC2R 0RL, United Kingdom

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