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PROBLEMS

43

1.8

source

are connected in series.

1sion

Figure Pl.S: Circuit for Problem 1.5.

e-throw

,Je-throw

parallel.

25

)City

60Q

are connected in series.

parallel.

15

1.9

Figure P1.6: Circuit for Problem 1.6.

are connected in series.

parallel.

(b) Which of those nodes are extraordinary nodes?

4A

are connected in series.

(d) Identify pairs of circuit elements that are connected in

parallel.

2Q

4Q

lQ

4V +

1.10

ments that

mected in

Figure P1.7: Circuit for Problem 1.7.

are connected in series.

44

(d) Identify pairs of circuit elements that are connected in

parallel.

*(c)

""'-16Q~

pC

8Q

4Q~

1.21

given

(a) q(t)

(b)

12V ( T }

= 3.6t mC

q(t) = 5 sin(377t) p.,C

q(t) = 0.3[1- e- 0 .41 ]

6Q

device if the cumulative charge that has flowed through it up to

time t is given by

(a) q (t)

-0.45t 3 p.,C

(d) Identify pairs of circuit elements that are connected in

parallel.

q(t) = 1.7t[l- e-1. 21 ] nC

(c) q(t)

*(d)

resistor over the specified time interval for each of the following

currents:

i(t) = [40t + 8] rnA, from t = 1 s tot=

(a) i (t)

*(b)

12 s

(c) i(t)

(d) i(t)

= 0 tot= oo

certain device over the specified time intervals for each of the

following currents:

(a) i (t)

[3t

t = 0.05 s

p.,A,

from

t = 0

to

i(t) = 12e- 31 cos(407rt) nA, from t = 0 tot= 0.05 s

(c) i(t)

(d)

is -1 C. If that region contains only electrons, how many does

it contain?

*1.13 A certain cross section lies in the x-y plane. If 3 x 1020

electrons go through the cross section in the z direction in 4

seconds, and simultaneously 1.5 x 1020 protons go through

the same cross section in the negative z direction, what is the

magnitude and direction of the current flowing through the cross

section?

1.14 Determine the current i (t) flowing through a resistor if

the cumulative charge that has flowed through it up to time t is

given by

i (t) = 3e- 0 11 rnA, how many electrons pass through the wire's

cross section over the time interval from t = 0 to t = 0.3 ms?

1.19 The cumulative charge in mC that entered a certain

device is given by

q(t)

~~t

60- t

(a)

(b)

1.22

of ch

1.11

PRO

fort < 0,

for 10 s :::: t :::: 60 s

(b) Plot the corresponding current i(t) entering the device.

device in 0.1 ms . What is the current?

OGY

PROBLEMS

45

given by:

q (t) that has entered a certain device up to timet. Sketch a plot

of the corresponding current i (t).

i (t)

rtain

up to

fort < 0

6t

fort :::: 5 s,

30e- 0 6 <t-S)

(b) Sketch q (t) versus t.

of charge q (t) that has entered a certain device up to time t.

What is the current at

= 1s

=3s

t =6s

(a) t

~h

1ing

*(b) t

(c)

q(t)

ground node.

a

the

(b) What is the voltage difference V32 = V3 - V2?

selected as the ground node instead of node 1?

to

of charge q (t) that has exited a certain device up to timet. What

'Y

's

?

n

V5 = 20V

is the current at

=2s

t =6s

*(a) t

(b)

(c) t

Rs

= 12 s

q(t)

4C

0000000000000000000000

2 C t--- - - '

ground node.

4s

8s

(b) What are the voltages at nodes 1, 3, and 4 if node 2 is

selected as the ground node instead of node 1?

46

v3 =6V

+6VI

10 v { : )

2ov {)

R2

I

~

R,

V2 =4 V

R3

sA t

+

24 v

v4 = 12 v

/"_X

X~'\

I~

1.27 For each of the eight devices in the circuit of Fig. P1.27,

determine whether the device is a supplier or a recipient of

power and how much power it is supplying or receiving.

are given by

v(t)

= 5 cos(4nt) V,

Determine:

+6V2

6

+12V-

3A +

lOY 13

-7V+

8

9VI7

= 0 and t = 0.25 s.

p(t) over a full time period of the cosine function (0 to

0.5 s).

are given by

v(t) = 100(1 - e- 0 -21 ) V,

i(t)

= 30e- 021

rnA.

Determine:

(a) The instantaneous power p(t) at t

1.28 For each of the seven devices in the circuit of Fig. P1.28,

determine whether the device is a supplier or a recipient of

power and how much power it is supplying or receiving.

*1.29 An electric oven operates at 120 V. If its power rating is

0.6 kW, what amount of current does it draw, and how much

energy does it consume in 12 minutes of operation?

1.30 A 9 V flashlight battery has a rating of 1.8 kWh. If

the bulb draws a current of 100 rnA when lit; determine the

following:

(a) For how long will the flashlight provide illumination?

= 0 and t = 3 s.

tot= oo.

=0

are shown graphically in Fig. P1.33. Sketch the corresponding

power delivered to the device and calculate the energy absorbed

by it.

1.34 The voltage across a device and the current through it

are shown graphically in Fig. P1.34. Sketch the corresponding

power delivered to the device and calculate the energy absorbed

by it.

IVE CIRCUITS

PROBLEMS

103

is used by the city.

ill

10 em

RL

(city)

Figure P2.12: Diagram for Problem 2.12.

:50

that Io

= 0.

5V

3Q

50

24

6A

Figure P2.17: Circuit for Problem 2.17.

IA

resistor in the circuit of Fig. P2.18.

2Q

70

104

Determine

*2.19

fx

and

fy

2Q

.---~NV'

wve!)

1x

~

fn

6n

NV'

Iy

.........

~ 4I,

02A~

~~ ~:~

PROBLEMS

f~l

VJEI

90

Figure P2.23: Circuit for Problem 2.23.

2.20

/2 = I A, and /3 = 1 A, determine node voltages v,, V2, and VJ

power.

2Q

+

Vab

1

..1..-

R, = 18

--

v3

18 n

!3

2.21

Section 2-3:

*2.25 After assigning node V4 in the circuit of Fig. P2.25 ill

the ground node, determine node voltages v,, V2, and V3.

8V

3kQ

-+

~

!1

!3

~h

4kQ

2kQ

v, ;

2.22

--

3A

lA

lOV e!)

~~----~

12 v

Io

_ __

NV'

, L

'

V4

6Q

NV'

! V3

6

lA

a

2.26 After assigning node V1 in the circuit of Fig. P2.25 a'

the ground node, determine node voltages V2, V3, and V4.

/2 = 42/81 A, and /3 = 24/81 A. Determine node voltag~

V2, V3, and V4 after assigning node v, as the ground node.

2.27

*2.23 Determine the amount of power supplied by the

independent current source in the circuit of Fig. P2.23.

What

Req = 4 Q?

2.30

~30

2.29 Given l

determine Io.

Req

Iill

CHAPTER 2

106

If R

2.35

2.39

RESISTIVE CIRCUI

2.43

the c

Fig. P2.40 to find Req. and then determine the amount ofpo~

supplied by the voltage source. All resistances are in ohms.

b

Figure P2.40: Circuit for Problem 2.40.

Figure P2.35: Circuit for Problem 2.35.

2.41

*2.36 Use resistance reduction and source transformation to

find Vx in the circuit of Fig. P2.36. All resistance values are in

ohms.

2.44

to

into

(b) Terminals (a, c)

(c) Terminals (a, d)

(d) Terminals (a, f)

+ V:y -

~. . - - 16----..Fv i 12

2.37

do

20

20

-AN

20

20

co

-AN

-AN

-AN

20

30

p,

12 Q

120

30

6 0 Vout

(a,

2.42 Find Req for the circuit in Fig. P2.42. All resistances arc

in ohms.

For the circuit in Fig. P2.38, find Req at terminals (a, b).

*2.38

30

50

~0-------r---NV------;----vvv-~ c

be

60

30

R,q -:

~ 10~

5

10

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