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# SET X

## BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & SCIENCE, PILANI

I Semester 2014-2015
Course: CE F313 Foundation Engineering
MID SEMESTER TEST (CLOSED & OPEN BOOK)
Duration: 90 min.
Dated: 09-10-2014
Max. Marks: 25
________________________________________________________________________________________
PART A (CLOSED BOOK)
Select most appropriate alternative for Q1 to 12 and answer on same page ( EACH 0.25 marks)
Q. 1 Study the statements listed below
1. Negative skin friction is developed when the pile is driven through a recently deposited clay layer
2. Negative skin friction is developed when the pile is driven through a layer of dense sand
3. Negative skin friction is developed due to a sudden drawdown of the water table
Of these statements
A: 1 alone is correct
B: 2 alone is correct
C: 2 & 3 are correct
D: 1 & 3 are correct
Q2. In a plate load test, how is the ultimate load estimated from the load settlement curve on a log-log graph?
A. by intersection point of two straight line
B. By drawing tangents to the curve at the initial and final points
C. By the secant method
D. At 0.2 % of the maximum settlement
Q3.When water table rises to ground level from a great depth, the ultimate bearing capacity of a strip footing in
pure sandy soil decreases approximately by ---------- of original value.
A: 30%

B: 50%

C: 70%

D: 20%

E: 10 to 30%

Q4. The rise of water table below a foundation influences the bearing capacity in case of the sandy soil
1. due to decrease in effective unit weight of soil
2. due to decrease in effective angle of internal friction
Of these statements
A: only 1 is correct

B: only 2 is correct

## C: both 1 and 2 are correct

D: none is correct

## Q5. A strap footing is provided when

A. a footing of a column near property line is heavily eccentrically loaded and its distance with nearest
interior column is so large that a combined footing becomes excessively long & narrow.
B. space restriction on the interior column footing which cannot be placed centrally under the interior
column.
C. Footing near to property line is less loaded compare to interior footing
D. Two footings are very close say less than 5m.
Q6. Consider following statements
1. Both repeated lowering and rising of water level in loose granular soils cause settlement of the
foundations.
2. Prolonged lowering of the water table in fine grained soils may introduce settlements.
Out of these statements,
A) only 1 is correct
B) only 2 is correct
C) 1&2 both are correct D) none is correct
Q7. It is found wind load is 50 percent of that due to dead and live loads, as per IS1904, foundations may be so
proportioned that the pressure due to combination of load ( that is, dead + live + wind load ) does not exceed the
allowable bearing pressure by more than

A) 10%

(B) 25%

(C) 33.33%

(D)50%

Q8. Which of the following limitations are proposed by IS:1904 for two adjacent footings resting on sloping
ground
1.

In case of footing on clayey soils a line drawn between the lower adjacent edge of the upper footing
and the upper adjacent edge of lower footing shall not have a steeper slope than one vertical to two
horizontal
2. In case of footing on granular soils a line drawn between the lower adjacent edge of the upper footing
and the upper adjacent edge of lower footing shall not have a steeper slope than one vertical to two
horizontal
3. In case of footing on clayey soils a line drawn between the lower adjacent edge of the upper footing
and the upper adjacent edge of lower footing shall not have a steeper slope than two vertical to one
horizontal
4. In the case of footings in granular soil, a line drawn between the lower adjacent edges of adjacent
footings shall not have a steeper slope than one vertical to two horizontal.
A) only 1 correct B) only 2 correct C) 3 and 4 correct
D) 1and 4 correct
E) 1and 3 correct

Q9. Uplift Load capacity of single under-reamed pile in uplift is to be increased by percent by providing
A) 5

B) 10

C) 20

D)50

E) 100

Q10. As per IS 2911(2010), the minimum grade of concrete to be used for piling is ________.
(A) M40
(B) M20
(C) M25
(D) M30
Q11.

## A. Width and depth of footing

C. Cohesion of soil

B.Density of soil

## E. Both cohesion and angle of internal friction of soil F. NONE OF THESE

Q12.Consider the following statements
1. Net ultimate bearing capacity of purely cohesive soil is independent of the width of the foundation
(assuming effect of shape factor and depth factor is negligible).
2. Net ultimate bearing capacity of purely cohesive soil is independent of the depth of the foundation
(assuming effect of shape factor and depth factor is negligible).
Of these statements
A: only 1 is correct
B: only 2 is correct
C: both 1 and 2 are correct
D: none is correct
Q13. Is there any requirement of the safe distance between two footings at same depth? What is the theoretical
Q14. Is it necessary to include earthquake forces in proportioning shallow foundations? Explain concept behind
neglecting and /or including earthquake forces. Justify your answer by sample numerical data. [2 marks]
Q15 In which cases plate load test may be better than SPT, SCPT or other tests and why? [1M]
Q16. What are guidelines for minimum spacing of piles as per IS2911-Part1 (2010)? What are reasons to have
such minimum spacing requirement? What do you suggest for maximum spacing of piles (in terms of diameter
of pile) and why? [1 mark]
Q17. What is main advantage of Auger Cast in-situ piles over the Bored and cast in situ piles? [ 1 mark]

## PART B (OPEN BOOK)

Q1. A footing 2 m x 2m is to be founded at a depth of 1m near a 45 slope (soil mass) of 9.5m height. To ensure
safe construction, find the minimum horizontal distance (H) of the centre of the footing from slope edge A as per
IS1904. See fig. Q below.
[2 mark]
Q.2. A rectangular footing with a plan area of 2 m X 3 m is to be placed at a depth of 1m blow the ground
surface. The footing would be subjected to a load inclined at 10o to the vertical. The subsoil is clay with
saturated unit weight of 18 kN/m3, and cu = 30 kN/m2 and u = 0o , c = 0 kN/m2 and = 22o. Find the net safe
bearing capacity just after construction and after 20 years of construction. Compute the safe load (kN) the
footing can carry. Assume water table is at the base of the footing. Use IS 6403-1981 recommendations. [5
marks]
Q3 Find the ultimate capacity of driven concrete pile. Length of pile is 18m and diameter is 0.3m. Water table is
at 2m from GL. Use IS 2911-2010 recommendations. [6 marks]
Depth from GL
Soil type
properties
0-7m
sand
=17kN/m3 =33
7-9m
Clay
=18kN/m3 cu=110kPa
9-20m
Sand
=20kN/m3 =38.5

Q4. Find the dimensions of a rectangular footing ( thickness of footing slab is 0.8 m) for a column (40cm x 40
cm), subjected to a direct compressive load of 1600 kN, horizontal load of 1000 kN and a moment of 2 MN-m
at the base of column as shown in Fig. Q4. One face of column is on property line. Horizontal load of 1000 kN
and moment 2 MN-m is due to lateral earth pressure by soil. Assuming ratio of two sides not to exceed twice,
give plan and elevation of footing and column showing all dimensions clearly Also, give reason for adopting
particular plan. Assume allowable soil pressure (SPT N values of 15) obtained as per IS 6403 and 8009 part1 is
150 kN/m2. [4 M]

1000
kN

X=?