DEPTH-OF-FIELD AND DIFFRACTION

DEPTH OF FIELD CALCULATOR

(Enter Data Here)
4
50 Millimeters
16
ft
15 Feet
800 LW/PH

Output Information
Camera Type
Approximate Sensor Size

DSLR w/ "1.5X Crop Factor" Sensor
23.5 X 15.63 Millimeters

Circle of Confusion Size

0.020 Millimeters

Hyperfocal Distance

26.402 Feet

Near Limit of Acceptable Sharpness
Far Limit of Acceptable Sharpness

9.582 Feet
34.517 Feet

Total Depth of Field

24.935 Feet

Depth of Field in Front of Subject
Depth of Field Behind Subject

5.418 Feet
19.517 Feet

Image Magnification

(21.73% of Total)
(78.27% of Total)

0.011

◄── Values Within This Range Are At Steps of Exactly 1/3 EV ──►

Input Information
Camera Code (From Table at Far Right)
Lens Focal Length (Actual, not "35mm Equivalent")
Aperture Setting ("F-Number")
Distance Units (ft, in, m, cm)
Focus Distance (From Entrance Pupil of Lens)
"Acceptable Focus" Resolution Threshold

DATA FOR DEPTH OF FIELD CHART
F-Number Hyperfocal Near Limit Focus Dist. Far Limit
1.2
353.183
14.395
15
15.658
1.4
297.017
14.286
15
15.789
1.6
264.630
14.203
15
15.891
1.8
235.776
14.111
15
16.008
2.0
210.071
14.010
15
16.141
2.2
187.170
13.897
15
16.293
2.5
166.767
13.773
15
16.466
2.8
148.590
13.637
15
16.666
3.2
132.397
13.487
15
16.896
3.6
117.970
13.322
15
17.161
4.0
105.117
13.142
15
17.469
4.5
93.667
12.946
15
17.829
5.0
83.466
12.732
15
18.250
5.7
74.377
12.501
15
18.748
6.3
66.280
12.251
15
19.340
7.1
59.067
11.982
15
20.050
8.0
52.641
11.694
15
20.912
9.0
46.915
11.387
15
21.973
10.1
41.815
11.060
15
23.299
11.3
37.271
10.716
15
24.993
12.7
33.222
10.354
15
27.213
14.3
29.616
9.975
15
30.226
16.0
26.402
9.582
15
34.517
18.0
23.540
9.176
15
41.059
20.2
20.989
8.760
15
52.155
22.6
18.717
8.335
15
74.865

Camera
Camera
Code
Type
1 DSLR w/ "Full Frame" Sensor
2 DSLR w/ "1.3X Crop Factor" Sensor
3 DRF w/ "1.33X Crop Factor" Sensor
4 DSLR w/ "1.5X Crop Factor" Sensor
5 DSLR w/ "1.6X Crop Factor" Sensor
6 DSLR w/ "1.6X Crop Factor" Sensor
7 DSLR w/ "1.6X Crop Factor" Sensor
8 DSLR w/ "1.6X Crop Factor" Sensor
9 DSLR w/ "1.7X Crop Factor" Sensor
10 DSLR w/ "Four Thirds" Sensor
11 Digital Compact w/ 2/3" Sensor
12 Digital Compact w/ 1/1.6" Sensor
13 Digital Compact w/ 1/1.7" Sensor
14 Digital Compact w/ 1/1.8" Sensor
15 Digital Compact w/ 1/2.3" Sensor
16 Digital Compact w/ 1/2.33" Sensor
17 Digital Compact w/ 1/2.5" Sensor
18 Digital Compact w/ 1/2.7" Sensor
19 Digital Compact w/ 1/3.2" Sensor
20 35mm Film
21 6 X 4.5 cm Film
22 6 X 6 cm Film
23 6 X 9 cm Film
24 4" X 5" Film
25 5" X 7" Film
26 8" X 10" Film

Approx. Sensor Size
( Width
X Height )
36.0mm X
24.0mm
28.7mm X
19.1mm
26.8mm X
17.9mm
23.5mm X
15.6mm
22.7mm X
15.1mm
22.5mm X
15.0mm
22.3mm X
14.9mm
22.2mm X
14.8mm
20.7mm X
13.8mm
17.3mm X
13.0mm
8.80mm X
6.60mm
7.78mm X
5.83mm
7.60mm X
5.70mm
7.18mm X
5.32mm
6.16mm X
4.62mm
6.13mm X
4.60mm
5.75mm X
4.31mm
5.27mm X
3.96mm
4.53mm X
3.40mm
36.0mm X
24.0mm
60.0mm X
45.0mm
60.0mm X
60.0mm
90.0mm X
60.0mm
127.0mm X 101.6mm
179.9mm X 127.0mm
254.0mm X 203.2mm

DEPTH OF FIELD
24

And Just for Fun …
DIFFRACTION-LIMITED RESOLUTION CALCULATOR
Utilizes Camera Code and F-Number data from DOF Calculator above,
& uses the Rayleigh Criterion to determine Diffraction-Limited Resolution
(two objects are no longer resolvable from each other when they are separated by less than the radius -- half the diameter -- of their Airy Discs).
Note: The Airy Disc size increases with the Wavelength and F-Number,
and Resolution decreases as the Airy Disc size increases.

Aperture Setting (F-Number)

20

16

Input Information
(Enter Data Here)
Light Wavelength for Desired Color
550 Nanometers

12
Column
Column
Column
Column
16
16
16

8

4

F
F
F
F

16

Output Information
Airy Disc Diameter
Diffraction-Limited "Effective" Horiz. Resolution
Diffraction-Limited "Effective" Vert. Resolution

2,188 Lines
1,455 Lines

Diffraction-Limited "Effective" Sensor Resolution

3.184 Megapixels

Approximate Wavelengths (in Nanometers) for Some Various Colors:

0
0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

400 | 420 | 450 | 470 | 490 | 500 | 510 | 530 | 550 | 580 | 600 | 610 | 630 | 650

Distance From Camera

30759968.xls

21.472 Microns

Author: Greg Copeland

Revision Date: 03/24/2009

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