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You are on page 1of 43

**DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough
**

questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT

Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky

exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS ; 9 Devil's

Dozen!!!

DS Questions

1. An integer greater than 1 that is not prime is called composite. If the twodigit integer n is greater than 20, is n composite?

(1) The tens digit of n is a factor of the units digit of n.

(2) The tens digit of n is 2.

Given:

**--> two digit integer can be written as follows:
**

,

(1) tells that

,

-->

.

,(

) -->

--> as

will always be composite and factor of . Sufficient

(2) tell that

sufficient.

, but

can be for instance composite

or prime

. Not

Answer: A.

**2. Is the measure of one of the interior angles of quadrilateral ABCD equal to
**

60?

(1) Two of the interior angles of ABCD are right angles.

(2) The degree measure of angle ABC is twice the degree measure of angle

BCD.

Sum of inner angels of quadrilateral is 360 degrees. (Sum of inner angles

of polygon=180(n-2), where n is # of sides)

(1) Angles can be 90+90 + any combination of two angels totaling 180. Not

sufficient.

(2) <ABC=2<BCD. Not sufficient

(1)+(2) Angles can be 90+90+45+135 Or 90+90+60+120 Not sufficient.

Answer: E.

3. Is x + y < 1 ?

(1) x < 8/9

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

**Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations
**

(2) y < 1/8

(1) Info only about x. Not sufficient

(2) Info only about y. Not sufficient

(1)+(2) x+y<73/72 Not sufficient

Answer: E.

**4. Is x^4 + y^4 > z^4 ?
**

(1) x^2 + y^2 > z^2

(2) x+y > z

Plugging numbers from Pythagorean triplets is the best way to get that not

sufficient.

Answer E.

**5. At a certain theater, the cost of each adult's ticket is $5 and the cost of
**

each child's ticket is $2. What was the average cost of all the adult's and

children's tickets sold at the theater yesterday?

(1) Yesterday ratio of # of children's ticket sold to the # of adult's ticketr sold

was 3 to 2

(2) Yesterday 80 adult's tickets were sold at the theater.

Av. cost=(2*C+5*A)/(C+A)

(1) 3A=2C A=2C/3 --> Av.cost C(2+5*2/3)/C(1+2/3) --> (2+5*2/3)/(1+2/3)

Sufficient

(2) A=80 know nothing about C Not sufficient.

Answer: A

**6. Are some goats not cows?
**

(1) All cows are lions

(2) All lions are goats.

This is good one:

Question generally asks is g>c?

(1) c<=l Not sufficient

(2) l<=g Not sufficient

(1)+(2) c<=l<=g --> If all cows are lions and all lions are goats there are no

goat, which are not cows, in other case there are, so Not sufficient

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations

Answer: E.

**7. Patrick is cleaning his house in anticipation of the arrival of guests. He
**

needs to vacuum the floors, fold the laundry, and put away the dishes after

the dishwasher completes its cycle. If the dishwasher is currently running and

has 55 minutes remaining in its cycle, can Patrick complete all of the tasks

before his guests arrive in exactly 1 hour?

(1) Vacuuming the floors and folding the laundry will take Patrick 36 minutes.

(2) Putting away the dishes will take Patrick 7 minutes.

(1) Don't know how much time is needed to put away dishes. Not sufficient

(2) If dishwasher will stop after 55 min and 7 min is needed to put away

dishes 55+7=62>60, so Patrick won't complete all of the tasks before his

guests arrive in exactly 1 hour. Sufficient

Answer: B

**8. Are all of the numbers in a certain list of 15 numbers equal?
**

(1) The sum of all the numbers in the list is 60.

(2) The sum of any 3 numbers in the list is 12.

(1) S=60 list can contain numerous combination of 15 numbers totaling 60.

Not sufficient.

(2) If the sum of ANY 3 numbers=12 all numbers=12/3=4. Sufficient.

Answer: B.

http://gmatclub.com/forum/collection-of-8-ds-questions-85290.html

DS Questions New:

1. The sum of n consecutive positive integers is 45. What is the value of n?

(1) n is even

(2) n < 9

(1) n=2 --> 22+23=45, n=4 --> n=6 x1+(x1+1)+(x1+2)+(x1+3)+

(x1+4)+(x1+5)=45 x1=5. At least two options for n. Not sufficient.

(2) n<9 same thing not sufficient.

(1)+(2) No new info. Not sufficient.

Answer: E.

**All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright
**

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations

**2. Is a product of three integers XYZ a prime?
**

(1) X=-Y

(2) Z=1

(1) x=-y --> for xyz to be a prime z must be -p AND x=-y shouldn't be

zero. Not sufficient.

(2) z=1 --> Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) x=-y and z=1 --> x and y can be zero, xyz=0 not prime OR xyz is

negative, so not prime. In either case we know xyz not prime.

Answer: C

**3. Multiplication of the two digit numbers wx and cx, where w,x and c are
**

unique non-zero digits, the product is a three digit number. What is w+cx?

(1) The three digits of the product are all the same and different from w c

and x.

(2) x and w+c are odd numbers.

(1) wx+cx=aaa (111, 222, ... 999=37*k) --> As x is the units digit in both

numbers, a can be 1,4,6 or 9 (2,3,7 out because x^2 can not end with 2,3,

or 7. 5 is out because in that case x also should be 5 and we know that x

and a are distinct numbers).

1 is also out because 111=37*3 and we need 2 two digit numbers.

444=37*12 no good we need units digit to be the same.

666=37*18 no good we need units digit to be the same.

999=37*27 is the only possibility all digits are distinct except the unit

digits of multiples.

Sufficient

(2) x and w+c are odd numbers.

Number of choices: 13 and 23 or 19 and 29 and w+c-x is the different

even number.

Answer: A.

4. Is y – x positive?

(1) y > 0

(2) x = 1 – y

Easy one even if y>0 and x+y=1, we can find the x,y when y-x>0 and yx<0

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

because only way |a^b| not to be positive is when a=0. If b. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. doesn't mean it's positive. positive or negative. c. Answer: E. So (2) also gives us two options for b. Not sufficient.com . on this case b can be any positive integer: because if b is negative |a|^b can not be integer. (1) N=5 --> if M>0 (10^M + N)/3 is an integer ((1+5)/3). (1)+(2) nothing new: a#0 and two options for b depending on a. Not sufficient. What is the difference between (1) and (2)? Well this is the tricky part: (2) says that a#0 and plus to this gives us two possibilities as it states that it's integer: A. if M<0 (10^M + N)/3 is a fraction ((1/10^|M|+5)/3). Not sufficient (1)+(2) N=5 MN even --> still M can be negative or positive. If a and b are integers.gmatclub. (1) |a^b|>0 only says that a#0. and a not= b. If M and N are integers. 6. is |a|b > 0? (1) |a^b| > 0 (2) |a|^b is a non-zero integer This is tricky |a|b > 0 to hold true: a#0 and b>0. Answer: E. |a|=1 (a=-1 or 1) and b can be any integer. -1>a>1 (|a|>1). NOTE having absolute value of variable |a|. (2) MN is even --> one of them or both positive/negative AND one of them or both even. what is the value of c? All contents have been taken form www. It's not negative --> |a|>=0 (2) |a|^b is a non-zero integer.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations Answer: E. 7. Not sufficient. Not sufficient. OR B. is (10^M + N)/3 an integer? (1) N = 5 (2) MN is even Note: it's not given that M and N are positive. 5. ---ASAX . Not sufficient. and d are constants and x^2 + bx + c = (x + d)^2 for all values of x.

Is the integer n odd (1) n is divisible by 3 (2) 2n is divisible by twice as many positive integers as n (1) 3 or 6. what is xy? (1) -4x . The same answer. it must be true for x=0 --> c=d^2 --> b=2d (1) d = 3 --> c=9 Sufficient (2) b = 6 --> b=2d. Sufficient. 9. 10. (2) TIP: When odd number n is doubled. (2) Multiple choices. Thats because odd number has only odd factors and when we multiply n by two we remain all these odd factors as divisors and adding exactly the same number of even divisors. The sum of n consecutive positive integers is 45. Answer: A. Sufficient.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations (1) d = 3 (2) b = 6 Note this part: "for all values of x" So. xy=-24 OR -4y=32 y=-8 x=3 xy=24. Answer: B. What is the value of n? (1) n is odd (2) n >= 9 Look at the Q 1 we changed even to odd and n<9 to n>=9 All contents have been taken form www. which are odd*2.gmatclub. d=3 --> c=9 Sufficient Answer: D. Not sufficient. If x and y are non-zero integers and |x| + |y| = 32. ---ASAX .|y| = 16 (1) x+3y=0 --> x and y have opposite signs --> either 4y=32 y=8 x=-3. 2n has twice as many factors as n.com . Clearly not sufficient. 8. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials.12y = 0 (2) |x| .

I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. Answer: E. Last Tuesday a trucker paid $155. (2) The trucker purchased 120 gallons of the fuel last Tuesday. Answer: D. When the positive integer x is divided by 4. (2) x is divisible by 5.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations (1) not sufficient see Q1. including 10 percent state and federal taxes.76.com/forum/the-sum-of-n-consecutive-positive-integers-is85413. (2) As we have consecutive positive integers max for n is 9: 1+2+3+. the remainder is 5.. Answer: B. What is the ratio of its gross revenue for computers and printers respectively in the year 2003? (1) In the first half of 2003 it sold computers and printers in the ratio of 3:2.. (If n>9=10 first term must be zero.html 1. What is the remainder when the positive integer x is divided by 8? (1) When x is divided by 12. Answer: E 3.com . is the remainder equal to 3? (1) When x/3 is divided by 2. What was the price per gallon for the fuel if the taxes are excluded? (1) The trucker paid $0. +9=45. In 2003 Acme Computer priced its computers five times higher than its printers. and we are given that all terms are positive) So only case n=9. for diesel fuel. All contents have been taken form www. and in the second half in the ratio of 2:1.gmatclub. 2. the remainder is 1. respectively.118 per gallon in state and federal taxes on the fuel last Tuesday. 4. Sufficient. (2) It sold each computer for $1000. ---ASAX . http://gmatclub.

is r > 1. If r is the remainder when p is divided by m. the scientist will destroy the entire sample. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. The integers m and p are such that 2 is less than m and m is less than p. Al. and Marsha shared the driving on a 1500 mile trip. Answer: C. Answer: E. which of the three drove the greatest distance on the trip? (1) Al drove 1 hour longer than Pablo but at an average of 5 miles per hour slower than Pablo. How many perfect squares are less than the integer d? (1) 23 < d < 33 (2) 27 < d < 37 Answer: B. 7. A scientist is studying bacteria whose cell population doubles at constant intervals. the population has quadrupled.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations (2) When x is divided by 18.com . increasing by 3. Also.000 cells with one hour remaining until the scientist destroys the sample. (2) The least common multiple of m and p is 30. How many cells will the population contain when the bacteria is destroyed? (1) Since the population divided two hours ago. the remainder is 11. m is not a factor of p. (2) The population will double to 40. 8. Pablo. ---ASAX .750 cells. (2) Marsha drove 9 hours and averaged 50 miles per hour Answer: E. Answer: A. (1) The greatest common factor of m and p is 2. 6. All contents have been taken form www. immediately after the population doubles.gmatclub. 5. Four hours from now. at which times each cell in the population divides simultaneously.

it's better to concentrate on issues you'll definitely face on G-day. Each basket will contain at least one orange. that GMAT won't ask you to actually calculate SD. http://gmatclub. what is the number of oranges per basket? (1) If the number of baskets were halved and all other conditions remained the same. (2) If the number of baskets were doubled. (2) The LCM of x and 9 is 45. 11. Answer: B. 10.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations 9. If x is a positive integer. it would no longer be possible to place at least one orange in every basket. what is the value of p? (1) There are a total of 100 prime numbers between 1 and p+1 (2) There are a total of p prime numbers between 1 and 3912. All contents have been taken form www. but rather to understand the concept of it.com/forum/collection-of-12-ds-questions-85441-20.html#p642315 Standard Deviation: Please note the following: A.com .y^2 = (x+5)(y-5) (2) x=y Answer: B. I was assured MANY TIMS. A number of oranges are to be distributed evenly among a number of baskets. Answer: D. so do not spend too much of your preparation time on it. 12. B.gmatclub. During the real GMAT it's highly unlikely to get more than one ot two question on SD (as on combinatorics). Is x^2 equal to xy? (1) x^2 . by various GMAT tutors. Though KNOWING how it's calculated helps in understanding the concept. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. 6. and 9? (1) The LCM of x and 6 is 30. Answer: D. actually you may see none. If there are 20 oranges to be distributed. If p is a prime number greater than 2. ---ASAX . what is the least common multiple of x. there would be twice as many oranges in every remaining basket.

a set of consecutive integers? (1) Q has 21 members. What is the standard deviation of Company R’s earnings per month for this year? (1) The standard deviation of Company R’s earnings per month in the first half of this year was $2. Question deleted 5. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. Thanks. and for each list the average of the integers in the list is 40. All contents have been taken form www. (2) The median value of set Q is 20. 2. Answer: A. (2) The standard deviation of Company R’s earnings per month in the second half of this year was $3. inclusive (2) 16% of the distribution is less than m-d Answer: D.gmatclub. is the standard deviation of the integers in list S greater than the standard deviation of the integers in list T? (1)The integer 25 is in list S (2)The integer 45 is in list T Answer: C. 6. what percentage of distribution is greater than m+d? (1) 68 % of the distribution in the interval from m-d to m+d. some are tough. Set T consists of odd integers divisible by 5.com . Answer: E. but anyway they are good to master in solving SD problems. What is the standard deviation of Q. 4. Please provide your way of thinking along with the answer. 1.3 million. Is standard deviation of T positive? (1) All members of T are positive (2) T consists of only one member Answer: B. I'll post OA after some discussions. ---ASAX .40 and 50 are in both lists .9 million. If the distribution has a standard deviation of d . If the integers 30. Lifetime of all the batteries produced by certain companies have a distribution which is symmetric about mean m. List S and list T each contain 5 positive integers.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations Many questions below are easy. 3.

com/forum/lately-many-questions-were-asked-about-thestandard-85896. what is the value of xy? (1) y – x = 3 (2) x^3< 0 First let's simplify given expression : All contents have been taken form www. A scientist recorded the number of eggs in each of 10 birds' nests.html Inequality and absolute value.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations 7. Set X consists of 8 integers. what was the standard deviation of the volumes of water in the tanks at the end of the experiment? (1) For each tank. http://gmatclub.com . some water was removed from each of the 6 water tanks. 1. Answer: B. (2) The average (arithmetic mean) volume of water in the tanks at the end of the experiment was 63 gallons. ---ASAX . If 6*x*y = x^2*y + 9*y. If the standard deviation of the volumes of water in the tanks at the beginning of the experiment was 10 gallons. what is the third term? (1) The range of this data set is 0. 11. During an experiment. 9. Is the standard deviation of set X equal to zero? (1) The range of set X is equal to 3 (2) The mean of set X is equal to 5 Answer: A.gmatclub.z} If the first term in the data set above is 3. (2) Each of the 10 nests contained the same number of eggs. {x.y. (2) The standard deviation of this data set is 0. Question deleted 10. What was the standard deviation of the numbers of eggs in the 10 nests? (1) The average (arithmetic mean) number of eggs for the 10 nests was 4. Answer: A. Answer: D. 8. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. 30% of the volume of water that was in the tank at the beginning of the experiment was removed during the experiment.

Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations --> . Answer: D. and we are given that an integer. then and if . So. is . hence x is not equals to 3. (1) --> (2) . . In this case . and when reducing by you are assuming that doesn't equal to . Sufficient. ---ASAX . 2. y must be 6. OR: --> either --> or --> if and --> . Two possible scenarios. hence y must be 0. hence . (1) . Next: we can conclude that either or/and . Not sufficient. If y is an integer and y = |x| + x. when y=0 and x any value (including 3). Two different answers. x must be 3 and y-x to be 3. Remember we are asked to determine the value of . But if y=0 then x=-3 and Not sufficient. (2) . OR when y is not equal to zero. then . Note here that we CAN NOT reduce this expression by . I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. and x=3. Sufficient. 3. Sufficient. 2. is y = 0? (1) x < 0 (2) y < 1 Note: as then and for is never negative. as some of you did. If y is not 0. as we concluded y is never negative. We don't know that. Which means that equals to 0. Answer: B. xy=0.gmatclub.com . x is negative. For then then (when x is negative or zero) then . Is x^2 + y^2 > 4a? (1) (x + y)^2 = 9a All contents have been taken form www.

we know it's an equation of a line and basically question asks whether this line (all (x. 4. One of the approaches: --> --> --> substitute x --> is positive too. ---ASAX .2 (2) |3 . Clearly insufficient.y) is in the I quadrant. Well this one is clearly insufficient. But we don't know whether they are both positive or both negative. hence RHS als can not be negative. and as Answer: C.com . It's just not possible. Not sufficient. and a could be 0 and x^2 + y^2 > 4a won't be true.y. Not sufficient. Are x and y both positive? (1) 2x-2y=1 (2) x/y>1 (1) 2x-2y=1.gmatclub. Also insufficient as x.y| = 11 (1) As we are asked to find the value of y. . 5. (2) x/y>1 --> x and y have the same sign. All contents have been taken form www. (1)+(2) Again it can be done with different approaches. You should just find the one which is the less time-consuming and comfortable for you personally. 2x-2y=1 --> y=x-1/2. 4. as LHS is absolute value which is never negative. --> is positive. What is the value of y? (1) 3|x^2 -4| = y . I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. Not sufficient. from this statement we can conclude only that y>=2. Sufficient. Not sufficient. You can do it with number plugging OR consider the following: x and y both positive means that point (x.y) points of this line) is only in I quadrant. 5. Clearly insufficient. (1)+(2) Add them up 2(x^2+y^2)=10a --> x^2+y^2=5a. (2) (x – y)^2 = a --> x^2-2xy+y^2=a.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations (2) (x – y)^2 = a (1) (x + y)^2 = 9a --> x^2+2xy+y^2=9a. as LHS and RHS would be in that case equal to zero. Answer: E.

2. Sufficient. xy will be nonnegative only. is y > 0? (1) x +1 > 0 (2) xy > 0 (1) x+1>0 --> x>-1. Sufficient. This will occur if and only x and y are both >= than -2 OR both <= than -2. Not sufficient. Answer: C. x+2=-y-2 --> x+y=-4. Not sufficient... I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. x+2=y+2 --> x=y. (1)+(2) x is positive. Also note that vise-versa is not All contents have been taken form www. If x and y are integer. x and y have the same sign (both positive OR both negative) and neither x nor y is zero. (1)+(2) y>=2. In that case x=y. (2) xy>0. 6. ---ASAX .gmatclub. 6. First note that |x+2|=|y+2| can take only two possible forms: A. Which means that their product will always be positive or zero when x=y=0.y| = 11: y<3 --> 3-y=11 --> y=-8 y>=3 --> -3+y=11 --> y=14 Two values for y. Hence if xy is negative we have scenario B and x+y=-4.1. 7. hence y=14.com . As x is an integer x can take the following values 0. Hence xy to be positive y also must be positive. This will occur when either x or y is less then -2 and the other is more than -2. ____________ 7.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations (2) |3 .1. B. |x+2|=|y+2| what is the value of x+y? (1) xy<0 (2) x>2 y<2 This one is quite interesting.2. as from (1) it's 0. and from (2) x is not zero. When we have scenario A. Not sufficient. Answer: C.. But we know nothing about y..

9. 9. Hence |a|/|b|=a/b. Answer: A. (1) xy<0 --> We have scenario B. (2) n^2=16 --> n=4 or n=-4. Sufficient. Sufficient.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations right. x is not equal to y. as LHS is never negative (well in this case LHS is positive as neither a nor b equals to zero). Not sufficient. hence we have scenario B. (1)+(2) n is negative OR n equals to zero from (1). --> n=-4. Meaning that we can have scenario B and xy may be positive as well as negative. We are asked whether n is negative so we can not be sure. (2) |a|/|b|=|a/b|. Answer: D. means that either n is negative OR n equals to zero. Sufficient. hence x+y=-4. Hence a/b is positive in any case. 8. Answer: C. sufficient. is |n| < 4 ? (1) n^2 > 16 (2) 1/|n| > n Question basically asks is -4<n<4 true. ---ASAX . meaning a/b is positive. Not sufficient. from this we can not conclude whether they have the same sign or not. a*b#0.gmatclub. All contents have been taken form www. (2) x>2 and y<2. hence it's negative. hence x+y=-4. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. Is n<0? (1) -n=|-n| (2) n^2=16 (1) -n=|-n|. (1) |a*b|=a*b. n is 4 or -4 from (2). we don't have scenario A.If n is not equal to 0. Not sufficient. 10. Is |a|/|b|=a/b? (1) |a*b|=a*b (2) |a|/|b|=|a/b| |a|/|b|=a/b is true if and only a and b have the same sign. means a and b are both positive or both negative. 8.com .

Not sufficient. Is |x+y|>|x-y|? (1) |x| > |y| (2) |x-y| < |x| To answer this question you should visualize it. B.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations (1) n^2>16 --> n>4 or n<-4. says that the distance between x and y is less than distance between x and origin. s is either positive or zero. meaning that x and y can have the same sign but |x| can be less than |xy|. as -s<=s.gmatclub. 11. ---ASAX . Not sufficient. 11.12. Is r=s? (1) -s<=r<=s (2) |r|>=s This one is tough.) Answer: B. (1) -s<=r<=s. As x+y when they have the same sign will contribute to each other and x-y will not. Sufficient. (Note that vise-versa is not right. we can conclude two things from this statement: A. when they are at the same side from the origin. This can only happen when x and y have the same sign. r is in the range (-s. All contents have been taken form www. this tell us nothing about the signs of x and y. Ask yourself when |x+y| is more then than |x-y|? If and only when x and y have the same sign absolute value of x+y will always be more than absolute value of x-y. (1) |x| > |y|. (2) |x-y| < |x|. Sufficient. (2) 1/|n| > n. Answer: A. this is true for all negative values of n. meaning that r can be -s as well as s. hence we can not answer the question. the answer to the question is NO.s) inclusive. We have comparison of two absolute values. when they are both positive or both negative. So if we could somehow conclude that x and y have the same sign or not we would be able to answer the question.com . 5+3=8 and 5-3=2 OR -5-3=-8 and -5-(-3)=-2. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. But we don't know whether r=s or not. Not sufficient. but if |x|>|x-y| the only possibility is x and y to have the same sign.

This doesn't imply that r=s. |r|>=s --> r>=s or r<=-s. (2) x^2 .com/forum/inequality-and-absolute-value-questions-frommy-collection-86939-40. what is (1) (2) (1) --> since both and and are positive integers then are perfect squares --> there are only two perfect squares in All contents have been taken form www. (1)+(2) Intersection of the ranges from 1 and 2 is 1<x<=2.2) inclusive. r=5 --> -5<=5<=5 |5|>=5 s=5. (1)+(2) -s<=r<=s. Is |x-1| < 1? (1) (x-1)^2 <= 1 (2) x^2 .gmatclub. Not sufficient. x is in the range (0. _________________ 12. If . Not sufficient.13. thus as x can be 2. we can not say for sure that 0<x<2 is true. Answer: E. Is |x-1| < 1? Basically the question asks is 0<x<2 true? (1) (x-1)^2 <= 1 --> x^2-2x<=0 --> x(x-2)<=0 --> 0<=x<=2. where the units digit of ? and are positive integers. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. http://gmatclub.1 > 0 Last one. clearly insufficient. x can be 0 or 2! Else it would be sufficient. Again 2 is included in the range. Answer: E. r=-5 --> -5<=-5<=5 |-5|>=5 Both statements are true with these values. s is not negative. from this r can be -s as well. ---ASAX .Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations (2) |r|>=s. Hence insufficient.com . Consider: s=5.1 > 0 --> x<-1 or x>1.html Exponents and Roots: 1. This is the trick here. So not sufficient.

is an even perfect square and is an odd perfect cube --> if either or and perfect square which makes then an integer: then could be or is must be a . If then what is the value of ? (1) (2) All contents have been taken form www. But if which makes not an integer. 3. 3. Make prime factorization of 2. If x. is a perfect cube. and --> and and Answer: D. (1)+(2) As from (1) then 1) --> is a perfect square which makes Sufficient. and z are positive integers and . is an integer that can be written as the square of some other integer. Sufficient. --> since both are positive integers then: . Not sufficient. ---ASAX . For example 16=4^2. (2) is not an integer. For example 27=3^3. 2. .com . Sufficient.gmatclub. Is integer? (1) is an even perfect square and is an odd perfect cube. y. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. therefore the units digit of (2) is the same as the units digit of --> . is an integer that can be written as the cube of some other integer. 2. and Note: a perfect square. is a perfect square. . Similarly a perfect cube.700 --> (1) .Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations the given range 121=11^2 and 144=12^2 --> and . (2) is not an integer.(As cyclicity of units digit of in integer power is . Clearly insufficient. therefore it must be an integer: (from or Answer: C. so 3).

All contents have been taken form www. Therefore answer to the original question is NO. So we should find the value of (1) --> --> (note that since .gmatclub. Sufficient. Sufficient. (2) . If is ? (1) (2) means that neither of unknown is equal to zero. Next. --> as even root from positive number ( in our case) is positive then . ). --> then the second solution is not valid). 4. Therefore (2) . Sufficient. Since and .Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations --> factor out from the nominator and apply to the expression in the denominator: . for example: and (1) ). ---ASAX . Answer: D. (or which is the same --> the same here as then ). Answer: A. which is the same as whether (recall that odd roots have the same sign as the base of the root. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials.com . so the question becomes: is ? are positive numbers then the question boils down whether . (or which is the same answer to the original question is NO. 4. Not sufficient.

Answer: C. All contents have been taken form www. 6. since given that then --> hence . Sufficient. Not sufficient. (2) --> as the result is negative then number --> Not sufficient. then what is the value of (1) (2) (1) --> as both and are negative integers then --> or . (2) and hold true is when --> since --> and then the only case to . --> (1)+(2) Only one pair of negative integers statements must be negative odd and or and --> .gmatclub.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations 5. Note that as negative integer (x) in negative integer power (y) gives positive number (1/81) then the power must be negative even number. 6. ---ASAX . If ? and are negative integers. Answer: D. Sufficient. If then what is the value of ? (1) (2) and (1) --> --> applying we'll get: --> --> . I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. Sufficient.com . 5. satisfies both .

8. 9. --> the sum of two non-negative values is zero must be zero --> --> . If . and are non-zero numbers.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations 7. 8.com . (2) is not an integer --> Sufficient. Answer: D. Answer: D. ---ASAX . --> ---> --> (2) --> --> (the power of 3 must be zero in order this equation to hold true) --> --> both and Sufficient. (It can not be some reduced fraction eg 7/3 or 1/2) Also note that the question basically asks whether square. --> . Sufficient. If is a positive integer is (1) an integer? is an integer (2) is not an integer Must know for the GMAT: if is a positive integer then is either a positive integer itself or an irrational number. what is the value of ? All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub. 9. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. What is the value of ? (1) (2) (1) Sufficient. 7. --> . for example if for some positive integer then . is a perfect (1) is an integer --> can not be a perfect square because if it is.

---ASAX . as then: . y=2. so the answer to the question is No. are integers (and and ) then --> and . Sufficient. Must know for the GMAT: and . So. Sufficient. z=-3. (Note that and --> and is not a valid scenario (solution) as both unknowns must be integers) (2) --> obviously ) and as --> must be an integer (since then the only solution is . 10.gmatclub. and are possible which will give different values of the expression in the stem: try x=y=1 and y=-6 or x=1. (2) --> --> substitute this value of x into the expression in the stem --> . If and are non-negative integers and an even integer? is (1) (2) (1) --> --> equate the powers: --> Since both --> and . Answer: B.com .10. Not sufficient.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations (1) (2) (1) --> infinitely many combinations of . I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. --> two scenarios are possible: All contents have been taken form www.

and (notice that . Not sufficient. What is the value of ? (1) (2) Notice that we are not told that the (1) --> if and and are integers. Sufficient.gmatclub. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. Not then from (1) then from (1) is ANY --> --> and .com/forum/tough-and-tricky-exponents-and-rootsquestions-125967-20. (1)+(2) If from (2) if from (2) and and and is ANY number (including 1). holds true) --> . Not sufficient. Answer: A.html Discreet Chart of DS: 1.11. They start working simultaneously and independently at their respective constant rates at 9:45am.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations A. and in this case: B. are integers then as then and BUT if they are not. and Clyde can paint the same car in y hours. (2) --> --> either number (including 2) or sufficient. 11. Two different answers. ---ASAX .com . If both x and y are odd integers. Answer: C. http://gmatclub. Bonnie can paint a stolen car in x hours. and in this case: . Thus . and (notice that holds true) --> . is x=y? (1) x^2+y^2<12 (2) Bonnie and Clyde complete the painting of the car at 10:30am All contents have been taken form www. then for any value of there will exist some non-integer to satisfy given expression and vise-versa (for example if then --> --> ).

Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations Solution: the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-126962-20. How many of them bought only one orange? (1) None of the customers bought more than 4 oranges (2) The difference between the number of oranges bought by any two customers is even Solution: the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-126962-40. where a.com . b. c and d are digits from 0 to 9. A certain fruit stand sold total of 76 oranges to 19 customers. If a. is a=2? (1) b+3 is not a prime number (2) a>b Solution: the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-126962-40. If a and b are integers and ab=2. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. b and c are integers. is abc an even integer? (1) b is halfway between a and c (2) a = b .html#p1039634 3.abcd.html#p1039651 7.html#p1039655 8. ---ASAX . If x=0. All contents have been taken form www.c Solution: the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-126962-40.html#p1039633 2.html#p1039650 6.html#p1039645 5.html#p1039637 4. Is xy<=1/2? (1) x^2+y^2=1 (2) x^2-y^2=0 Solution: the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-126962-20.gmatclub. What is the value of integer x? (1) 2x^2+9<9x (2) |x+10|=2x+8 Solution: the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-126962-40. How many numbers of 5 consecutive positive integers is divisible by 4? (1) The median of these numbers is odd (2) The average (arithmetic mean) of these numbers is a prime number Solution: the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-126962-40.

is x=y? Bonnie and Clyde when working together complete the painting of the car ins hours (sum of the rates equal to the combined rate All contents have been taken form www. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials.4 Solution: the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-126962-40.html#p1039671 11.html#p1039662 9.com . Solution: the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-126962-40. is x>7/9? (1) a+b>14 (2) a-c>6 Solution: the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-126962-40. If f(10. Solution: the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-126962-40. If 6a=3b=7c. is x a positive integer? (1) x*|y| is a prime number. They start working simultaneously and independently at their respective constant rates at 9:45am. and Clyde can paint the same car in y hours.b)=(a+b)/GCF(a. If x and y are integers.x)=11. If both x and y are odd integers. (2) x*|y| is non-negative integer.3 < 3y .html#p1039678 12. Bonnie can paint a stolen car in x hours.b) is the greatest common factor of a and b.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations inclusive. is x<y? (1) 3x + 4 < 2y + 3 (2) 2x .gmatclub.html#p1039680 Discreet Charm of DS Solutions by Bunuel: 1. If x and y are negative numbers.html#p1039665 10. where GCF(a.b). The function f is defined for all positive integers a and b by the following rule: f(a. what is the value of a+b+c? (1) ac=6b (2) 5b=8a+4c Solution: the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-126962-40. ---ASAX . what is the value of x? (1) x is a square of an integer (2) The sum of the distinct prime factors of x is a prime number.

if then the total time would be: . for and . 2. Sufficient. does that mean that at leas on of them is be even? Not necessarily: . If a. Not sufficient. .c --> . 2. Clearly insufficient. Is xy<=1/2? (1) x^2+y^2=1. and . and (or (2) Bonnie and Clyde complete the painting of the car at 10:30am --> they complete the job in 3/4 of an hour (45 minutes). I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. Not sufficient. Answer: B. is abc an even integer? In order the product of the integers to be even at leas on of them must be even (1) b is halfway between a and c --> on the GMAT we often see such statement and it can ALWAYS be expressed algebraically as .. b and c are integers. (1) x^2+y^2<12 --> it's possible and to be odd and equal to each other if but it's also possible that vise-versa). of course it's also possible that for example . Answer: B. Now. since it's not odd/2 then and are not equal. Now. 3. Sufficient.5 hours.. 1. since is odd then this time would be odd/2: 0. 3. Sufficient.com . Answer: A. All contents have been taken form www. . 2.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations or reciprocal of total time: --> ). (2) a = b .5 hours. Recall that (square of any number is more than or equal to zero) --> then: (2) x^2-y^2=0 --> --> --> since . hence at least on of them must be even. Since it's not possible that the sum of two odd integers to be odd then the case of 3 odd numbers is ruled out.gmatclub.5 hours.. ---ASAX .

Sufficient. Answer: D. Sufficient.html?hilit=solving%20quadratic#p841486 6. (2) |x+10|=2x+8 --> LHS is an absolute value. Since it's not possible that median=2=even. b) possible: (1.gmatclub. Sufficient. 5. Sufficient. Odd.html?hilit=extreme#p868863 xy-plane-71492. 4. then median=odd prime. thus our set of 5 consecutive numbers is: {Odd. Even.html#p731476 inequalities-trick-91482. is a=2? Notice that we are not told that a and b are positive. --> Answer: D. ---ASAX . Even. If a and b are integers and ab=2.html everything-is-less-than-zero-108884. Check this for more on solving inequalities like the one in the first statement: x2-4x-94661. There are following integer pairs of (a. (2) The average (arithmetic mean) of these numbers is a prime number --> in any evenly spaced set the arithmetic mean (average) is equal to the median --> mean=median=prime. How many numbers of 5 consecutive positive integers is divisible by 4? (1) The median of these numbers is odd --> the median of the set with odd number of terms is just a middle term. for this range is positive hence --> . and we have the same case as above.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations 4. What is the value of integer x? (1) 2x^2+9<9x --> factor qudratics: --> roots are and 3 --> "<" sign indicates that the solution lies between the roots: --> since there only integer in this range is 2 then . 5. (in this case not all 5 numbers will be positive). Odd}. (-1. 2). All contents have been taken form www. which is always non negative.com . Out of 2 consecutive even integers only one is a multiple of 4. 6. -2). hence RHS must also be non-negative: --> . I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials.

If x=0.69d<0.gmatclub. Not sufficient. Hence. -2) and (2.77(7). inclusive. (2) The difference between the number of oranges bought by any two customers is even --> in order the difference between ANY number of oranges bought to be even. A certain fruit stand sold total of 76 oranges to 19 customers.77(7). Sufficient. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. Answer: E. Not sufficient. b. but we don't know the value of b. ---ASAX . and in this case x=0. no one bought only one orange. -1).77(7) but a=7 and b=9 is also possible. 1).Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations (2. 1) and (-2. (1)+(2) Still two options are left: (-1.79d>0. (2) a-c>6 --> the least value of a is 7 (7-0=7>6).com . (2) a>b --> again rules out 1st and 4th options. Sufficient. Hence. either all customers must have bought odd number of oranges or all customers must have bough even number of oranges. Not sufficient. because if even one customer bought less than 4. again no one bought only one=odd orange. 8.html (1) a+b>14 --> the least value of a is 6 (6+9=15>14).abcd. How many of them bought only one orange? (1) None of the customers bought more than 4 oranges --> this basically means that all customers bought exactly 4 oranges (76/19=4). c and d are digits from 0 to 9. is x>7/9? First of all 7/9 is a recurring decimal =0. 7. All contents have been taken form www. But the first case is not possible: the sum of 19 odd numbers is odd and not even like 76. so in this case x=0. (1) b+3 is not a prime number --> rules out 1st and 4th options. Answer: D. the sum will be less than 76. 7. Not sufficient. Basically we are asked whether we have the third case. Not sufficient. where a. 8. For more on converting Converting Decimals to Fractions see: math-numbertheory-88376.

b)=(a+b)/GCF(a. ---ASAX . (2) 2x . Sufficient. where GCF(a. distinct primes and distinct primes of 100 are 2 .x)=10 --> --> (1) x is a square of an integer --> .x)=1 --> --> GCF(10. hence the least value of x=0. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. 9. 5.78d>0. GCF(10. .77(7).x)=2 --> --> GCF(10. and 10. can be 1 or 100. Thus from f(10. . naturally must be a factor of 10: 1. what is the value of x? Notice that the greatest common factor of 10 and x.x)=5 --> --> GCF(10. If f(10.x).b) is the greatest common factor of a and b. Not sufficient. Sufficient. (2) The sum of the distinct prime factors of x is a prime number ---> distinct primes of 12 are 2 and 3: of 45 are 3 and 5: and 5: . 10. Answer: C.gmatclub. Answer: B. If x and y are negative numbers. All contents have been taken form www. 10. Not sufficient. . ___________ 9.4 --> --> --> (as y+negative is "more negative" than y). is x<y? (1) 3x + 4 < 2y + 3 --> .com . 2. Not sufficient.3 < 3y . can be 12 or 100.x)=11. The function f is defined for all positive integers a and b by the following rule: f(a.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations (1)+(2) The least value of a is 7 and in this case from (1) least value of b is 8 (7+8=15>14). can be some very small number for instance -100 and some large enough number for instance -3 and the answer would be YES.b). .x)=11 we can get four different values of x: GCF(10. BUT if and then the answer would be NO.

(2) 5b=8a+4c --> --> --> --> --> --> or --> . (1) ac=6b --> sufficient. All contents have been taken form www. (2) If the interest were 20% then in one year Jules would have earned $40 more than Jim from bond M. then Jules initial investment in bond M was how many dollars more than Jim's investment in bond M.html Devil’s Dozen Questions 1. Not sufficient. which pays for 12% simple interest annually. and 7 is 42 hence we ca write: . not that it's positive. Jules and Jim both invested certain amount of money in bond M for one year. and . Not --> Answer: B. is x a positive integer? (1) x*|y| is a prime number --> since only positive numbers can be primes. 11. If x and y are integers. Sufficient. for some number --> . 12. If 6a=3b=7c.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations (1)+(2) can only be 100.gmatclub. http://gmatclub. (1) In one year Jules earned $24 more than Jim from bond M. Answer: A. Notice that we are told that x*|y| is non-negative. 3.com . I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. so x can be positive as well as zero. Answer: C. ---ASAX . what is the value of a+b+c? Given: --> least common multiple of 6. Sufficient (2) x*|y| is non-negative integer. then: x*|y|=positive --> x=positive. Sufficient. _________________ 11. If no other investment were made.com/forum/the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-12696240. . 12.

How many of the patients have acrophobia? (1) The number of patients of Vertigo Hospital who have both arachnophobia and acrophobia is the same as the number of patients who have neither arachnophobia nor acrophobia.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312.html#p1063867 6.com .html#p1063863 5.html#p1063871 7. is p a factor of n!? (1) p is a factor of (n+2)!-n! (2) p is a factor of (n+2)!/n! Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. b and c greater than 30? (1) a-b=15.html#p1063846 2. what is the probability that numbers will be selected in ascending order? All contents have been taken form www. Set A consists of k distinct numbers. then how many of 35 astronauts at Solaris space station listen to Bach? (1) Of the astronauts who do NOT listen to Bach 56% are male. Is the perimeter of triangle with the sides a. (2) 32 patients of Vertigo Hospital have arachnophobia but not acrophobia. Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312. If n is a positive integer and p is a prime number. If x and y are integers.html#p1063848 4. If n numbers are selected from the set one-by-one.html#p1063847 3. (2) Of the astronauts who listen to Bach 70% are female. is y an even integer? (1) 4y^2+3x^2=x^4+y^4 (2) y=4-x^2 Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312. Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312. Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312. Of the 58 patients of Vertigo Hospital.gmatclub. ---ASAX . If at least one astronaut do NOT listen to Bach at Solaris space station. 45 have arachnophobia. (2) The area of the triangle is 50. where n<=k.

---ASAX . Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312-20. Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312-20. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. There is at least one viper and at least one cobra in Pandora's box.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations (1) Set A consists of 12 even consecutive integers. what is the value of yz? (1) (2) . Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312-20.html#p1063886 10. Charlie leaves the same studio and walks towards the All contents have been taken form www. what is the remainder when p^2 is divided by 12? (1) p is greater than 3. what is the product of the two smaller numbers? (1) The average (arithmetic mean) of the three numbers is 34/3.html#p1063894 13. (2) n=5. which is enough to buy 11 muffins and 7 brownies. Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312-20.html#p1063888 11. The product of three distinct positive integers is equal to the square of the largest of the three numbers. (2) From any two snakes from Pandora's box at least one is a viper. (2) $15 is enough to buy 10 muffins and 8 brownies. If p is a positive integer. . If x>0 and xy=z. is $45 enough to buy 27 muffins and 27 brownies? (1) $15 is enough to buy 7 muffins and 11 brownies. Buster leaves the trailer at noon and walks towards the studio at a constant rate of B miles per hour. 20 minutes later. Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312-20. Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312-20. Alice has $15.html#p1063874 8.gmatclub.com .html#p1063892 12. (2) p is a prime. How many cobras are there? (1) There are total 99 snakes in Pandora's box. (2) The largest number of the three distinct numbers is 24.html#p1063884 9.

Sufficient. Not sufficient. Question: (1) In one year Jules earned $24 more than Jim from bond M. If n is a positive integer and p is a prime number. --> --> . Sufficient. Jules and Jim both invested certain amount of money in bond M for one year. 2.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations same trailer at a constant rate of C miles per hour along the same route as Buster. 2. Basically the same type of information as above: --> --> . ---ASAX . then Jules initial investment in bond M was how many dollars more than Jim's investment in bond M. All contents have been taken form www. (2) p is a factor of (n+2)!/n! --> then for and for and the answer will --> if then answer will be YES but the answer will be NO.html#p1063897 Devil’s Dozen Solutions by Bunuel: 1.com . Not sufficient. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. which pays for 12% simple interest annually. is p a factor of n!? (1) p is a factor of (n+2)!-n! --> if then for then answer will be YES but for be NO. Answer: D. Will Buster be closer to the trailer than to the studio when he passes Charlie? (1) Charlie gets to the trailer in 55 minutes. (2) Buster gets to the studio at the same time as Charlie gets to the trailer. (2) If the interest were 20% then in one year Jules would have earned $40 more than Jim from bond M.gmatclub. If no other investment were made. Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312-20.

thus in order to be a factor of . but in order it to be even must be even. then it should be a factor of the first multiple of this expression: .Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations (1)+(2) . I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials.gmatclub. which means that they don't share ANY common factor but 1. from (1). Answer: C. So. If x and y are integers. Answer: A. (2) y=4-x^2 --> if then then but if . is also even. 3. since if is odd then . and are consecutive integers. 3. Now. So. All contents have been taken form www. is y an even integer? (1) 4y^2+3x^2=x^4+y^4 --> rearrange: > of : if is odd then -- . For example 20 and 21 are consecutive integers. Two consecutive integers are co-prime. Not sufficient. ---ASAX .com . Sufficient. Notice that LHS is even for any value and if is even then the product is naturally even. Sufficient. thus only common factor they share is 1. as from (2) is a factor of then it can not be a factor of .

Notice that must be an integer. but in this case it can take more than 1 value: 10. Sufficient. . 75. 30..Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations 4. then how many of 35 astronauts at Solaris space station listen to Bach? Also very tricky. (1) Of the astronauts who do NOT listen to Bach 56% are male --> if # of astronauts who do NOT listen to Bach is then is # of males who do NOT listen to Bach. 50. Now. So can only be 25. if we apply the same logic here we get that. (2) Of the astronauts who listen to Bach 70% are female. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. 5. which makes # of astronauts who do listen to Bach equal to 35-25=10. All contents have been taken form www.. ---ASAX . Answer: A. Hence x must be a multiple of 25: 25.com . 5. But (# of astronauts who do NOT listen to Bach) must also be less than (or equal to) 35. If at least one astronaut do NOT listen to Bach at Solaris space station. So. this statement is not sufficient. if # of astronauts who listen to Bach is then is # of females who listen to Bach: must be an integer.gmatclub. 20. Hence it must be a multiple of 10.

Why should any subset of n numbers have higher or lower probability of being selected than some other subset of n numbers? Probability doesn't favor any particular subset.com . (1) a-b=15. (2) The area of the triangle is 50. 7. where . b and c greater than 30? 700+ question.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations 6. Let's find what this area would be: . All contents have been taken form www. We can select this subset of numbers in # of ways and out of these n! ways only one. Must know for the GMAT: the length of any side of a triangle must be larger than the positive difference of the other two sides. . if the perimeter were equal to 30 then it would have the largest area if it were equilateral. The probability of selecting any n numbers from the set is the same. So 1 out of n!. Sufficient. Set A consists of k distinct numbers. For a given perimeter equilateral triangle has the largest area. 6. (2) n=5. according to the above the only thing we need to know to answer the question is the size of the subset (n) we are selecting from set A. Is the perimeter of triangle with the sides a. where n<=k. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. Hence. Sufficient. ---ASAX . then the perimeter must be more that 30. but smaller than the sum of the other two sides.gmatclub. Now. So. Answer: D. what is the probability that numbers will be selected in ascending order? (1) Set A consists of 12 even consecutive integers. 7. Now. 2. a+b>c>15 --> a+b+c>30. namely will be in ascending order. Since even equilateral triangle with perimeter of 30 can not produce the area of 50. We should understand following two things: 1. If n numbers are selected from the set one-by-one. consider that the subset selected is .

If you want to double-check this with algebra you should apply the following property of the prime number: any prime number greater than 3 can be expressed either as .com . ). and All contents have been taken form www. Let the three integers be . (2) p is a prime.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations Answer: B. 8. what is the product of the two smaller numbers? 700 question. where --> . I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. 9. Clearly insufficient: different values of will give different values of the remainder. which gives remainder 1 If then 1 when divided by 12. Now. and . (2) p is a prime.gmatclub. . which also gives remainder Answer: C. Given: (1) The average (arithmetic mean) of the three numbers is 34/3 --> --> since and are integers. . . then --> and . Also insufficient: if but if then the remainder is 4 then the remainder is 9. 9. The product of three distinct positive integers is equal to the square of the largest of the three numbers. If p is a positive integer. or If then when divided by 12. (1) p is greater than 3. (1)+(2) You can proceed with number plugging and try several prime numbers greater than 3 to see that the remainder will always be 1 (for example try . Question: . 8. what is the remainder when p^2 is divided by 12? (1) p is greater than 3. ---ASAX .

is (2) The largest number of the three distinct numbers is 24. (Notice that and not possible since in this case and we are told that all integers are positive). Now if we can easily substitute 2 muffins with 2 brownies (since will be more than ). where one brownie respectively. Sufficient. (2) From any two snakes from Pandora's box at least one is a viper.10. ---ASAX .gmatclub.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations --> . 10.11. Answer: B. (1) There are total 99 snakes in Pandora's box. and are prices of one muffin and Question: is ? --> . Clearly insufficient. Given: . But if we won't know this for sure. But consider the case when we are told that we can substitute 3 muffins with 3 brownies. Question basically asks whether we can substitute 2 muffins with 2 brownies. Answer: D. 11. but again we won't be sure whether we can substitute All contents have been taken form www. Since from ANY two snakes one is a viper then there can not be 2 (or more) cobras and since there is at least one cobra then there must be exactly one cobra in the box. Sufficient. In both cases ( or ) it would mean that we can substitute 2 (so less than 3) muffins with 2 brownies. Alice has $15. Sufficient. Directly give the value of c.com . which is enough to buy 11 muffins and 7 brownies. is $45 enough to buy 27 muffins and 27 brownies? 700+ question. How many cobras are there? Quite tricky. There is at least one viper and at least one cobra in Pandora's box. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials.

(1) $15 is enough to buy 7 muffins and 11 brownies --> : we can substitute 4 muffins with 4 brownies. so according to above this is does not ensure that we can substitute 2 muffins with 2 brownies. If . Answer: B. No info about Buster. 12.13. which means that the rate of Charlie is higher than that of Buster. and (2) --> then and but if then . 13.com .12. Will Buster be closer to the trailer than to the studio when he passes Charlie? (1) Charlie gets to the trailer in 55 minutes. ---ASAX . (1) $15 is enough to buy 10 muffins and 8 brownies --> : we can substitute 1 muffin with 1 brownie.gmatclub. Not sufficient.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations 4 (so more than 3) muffins with 4 brownies. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. If x>0 and xy=z. Not sufficient. Sufficient. Since after they pass each other they need the same time to get to their respective destinations (they get at the same time to their respective destinations) then Buster had less distance to cover ahead (at lower rate) than he had already covered (which would be covered by Charlie at All contents have been taken form www. Answer: A. Charlie leaves the same studio and walks towards the same trailer at a constant rate of C miles per hour along the same route as Buster. (2) Buster gets to the studio at the same time as Charlie gets to the trailer --> Charlie needed 20 minutes less than Buster to cover the same distance. what is the value of yz? (1) . Sufficient. so according to above we can surely substitute 2 muffins with 2 brownies. Buster leaves the trailer at noon and walks towards the studio at a constant rate of B miles per hour. --> --> since then: . 20 minutes later. Not sufficient.

the remainder when divided by 7 will be 3 SUFFICIENT 2 If n and m are positive integers.3^19 . what is the remainder when p is divided by 4 ? All contents have been taken form www. 3 or 9 . This makes 3^(4*n +2 + 1).3.9. Hence there can be two remainders . ---ASAX . we do not know m and hence cannot figure out the unit digit.com .2. St 1: when n is divided by 21 ( 7 and 3) the remainder is an odd number.. in each case the unit digit will be 7..4. NOT SUFFICIENT St 2: when n is divided by 28 the remainder is 3.12. SUFF Hence B 3. The cycles of powers of 3 are : 3. St II) m=1 .Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations higher rate)...8.1 and 5. when divided by 7. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. As 7 is a factor of 28. when n is divided by 28. when n is divided by 21.1 St I) n = 2. Hence the possibilities are : 1 and 5. We have the pinpoint the exact remainder from this 6 numbers. 3^15. 4n can be 4.16. 3^(4*n +2 + 1) will be 3^7. But it cannot be 7. 1. the remainder is an odd number 2.If r is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided by 7.If p is a positive odd integer. Sufficient. Answer: B. what is the value of r 1.7. This makes 3^(4*2 +2 + m) = 3^(10+m).gmatclub.. the remainder is 3 The possible reminders can be 1. what is the remainder when 3^(4n + 2 + m) is divided by 10 ? (1) n = 2 (2) m = 1 The Concept tested here is cycles of powers of 3.5 and 6..3^11.

insuff.n is divided by 3 is 1.. the remainder is 2.What is the remainder when the positive integer x is divided by 3 ? (1) When x is divided by 6.insuff.com . All contents have been taken form www... multiply these two to get p^2-n^2...and so on 5.. take multiples of 8.. (2) The remainder when p .... st1.n^2 is divided by 15 ? (1) The remainder when p + n is divided by 5 is 1..Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations (1) When p is divided by 8.. (2) p is the sum of the squares of two positive integers..... what is the remainder when p^2 . st2) multiple of 15 will also be multiple of 3.. the remainder is 5.so the no. st2... also can be done thru equation.. (2) When x is divided by 15. st2) p-n=4.gmatclub.. the remainder is 2.one will be even and other odd..16. ---ASAX ..remainder =1 in each case. Ans: E st1) p+n=6. p is odd ....... Easy one ... answer D st 1. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials.and when divide odd square vll get 1 as remainder..so intoatal remainder=1 Ans : D 4.11...divide them by 4.multiple of 6 will also be multiple of 3 so remainder wil be same as 2.now when we divide any even square by 4 v ll gt 0 remainder..that gives remaindr 2 when divided by 15 also gives 2 as the remainder when divided by 3....multiplying any ttwo values from the above results in different remainder..since p is square of 2 integers....p+n=5a+1....7..If p and n are positive integers and p > n.10.

..Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations 6. 8....remainder=0 7If x..15..gmatclub. n+1 divisible by 3. this gives 4+7n=18.. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. All contents have been taken form www.. y.. (2) n is not divisible by 3.1)(n + 1) is divided by 24.....all gives differnt remainders with 6 st2)n is divided by 12..so n=2. (2) n is a multiple of 12.n can have any value 9...What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided by 6 ? (1) n is a multiple of 5.5.11. Hence the answer is E.. what is the remainder when 100x + 10y + z is divided by 7 ? (1) y = 6 (2) z = 3 We need to know all the variables..... ---ASAX ..remainder 0 in each case. Easy one. Answer B st 1) multiples of 5=5. We cannot get that from both the statements. what is the value of r ? (1) n is not divisible by 2. what is the value of r ? (1) n + 1 is divisible by 3..39. st2) insufficient ..so it will be divided by 6.60. (2) n > 20 Answer A st1.8.com .10.If n is a positive integer and r is the remainder when 4 + 7n is divided by 3. and z are positive integers.If n is a positive integer and r is the remainder when (n ..

1) and (n + 1) are even. so it contains at least 2 x 2 x 2 = three 2's in its prime factorization.Bunuel DS Questions with Explanations ST 1. then n is odd.if n is not divisible by 3. therefore. because it can be (n-1)*(n+1) can be 2*4 where remainder is 8. Just like st 1 this is not sufficient the overall prime factorization of (n . because every third integer is divisible by 3. moreover. one of those two factors is a multiple of 4. so both (n . the product (n . But this is not sufficient.1)(n + 1) contains one multiple of 2 and one multiple of 4. ---ASAX .1) and (n + 1) is divisible by 3.com . since every other even number is a multiple of 4. I do not own the copyright of the any of the materials. then exactly one of (n .gmatclub. so the product (n .1)(n + 1) contains a 3 in its prime factorization.1)(n + 1) contains three 2's and a 3. ST 2. sufficient Answer C All contents have been taken form www. it can be 4*6 where the remainder is 0. therefore.if n is not divisible by 2. it is a multiple of 24.

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