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questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT

Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky

exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS ; 9 Devil's

Dozen!!!

DS Questions

1. An integer greater than 1 that is not prime is called composite. If the twodigit integer n is greater than 20, is n composite?

(1) The tens digit of n is a factor of the units digit of n.

(2) The tens digit of n is 2.

Given:

,

,

-->

.

,(

) -->

--> as

sufficient.

, but

or prime

. Not

Answer: A.

60?

(1) Two of the interior angles of ABCD are right angles.

(2) The degree measure of angle ABC is twice the degree measure of angle

BCD.

Sum of inner angels of quadrilateral is 360 degrees. (Sum of inner angles

of polygon=180(n-2), where n is # of sides)

(1) Angles can be 90+90 + any combination of two angels totaling 180. Not

sufficient.

(2) <ABC=2<BCD. Not sufficient

(1)+(2) Angles can be 90+90+45+135 Or 90+90+60+120 Not sufficient.

Answer: E.

3. Is x + y < 1 ?

(1) x < 8/9

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of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

(2) y < 1/8

(1) Info only about x. Not sufficient

(2) Info only about y. Not sufficient

(1)+(2) x+y<73/72 Not sufficient

Answer: E.

(1) x^2 + y^2 > z^2

(2) x+y > z

Plugging numbers from Pythagorean triplets is the best way to get that not

sufficient.

Answer E.

5. At a certain theater, the cost of each adult's ticket is $5 and the cost of

each child's ticket is $2. What was the average cost of all the adult's and

children's tickets sold at the theater yesterday?

(1) Yesterday ratio of # of children's ticket sold to the # of adult's ticketr sold

was 3 to 2

(2) Yesterday 80 adult's tickets were sold at the theater.

Av. cost=(2*C+5*A)/(C+A)

(1) 3A=2C A=2C/3 --> Av.cost C(2+5*2/3)/C(1+2/3) --> (2+5*2/3)/(1+2/3)

Sufficient

(2) A=80 know nothing about C Not sufficient.

Answer: A

(1) All cows are lions

(2) All lions are goats.

This is good one:

Question generally asks is g>c?

(1) c<=l Not sufficient

(2) l<=g Not sufficient

(1)+(2) c<=l<=g --> If all cows are lions and all lions are goats there are no

goat, which are not cows, in other case there are, so Not sufficient

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

Answer: E.

needs to vacuum the floors, fold the laundry, and put away the dishes after

the dishwasher completes its cycle. If the dishwasher is currently running and

has 55 minutes remaining in its cycle, can Patrick complete all of the tasks

before his guests arrive in exactly 1 hour?

(1) Vacuuming the floors and folding the laundry will take Patrick 36 minutes.

(2) Putting away the dishes will take Patrick 7 minutes.

(1) Don't know how much time is needed to put away dishes. Not sufficient

(2) If dishwasher will stop after 55 min and 7 min is needed to put away

dishes 55+7=62>60, so Patrick won't complete all of the tasks before his

guests arrive in exactly 1 hour. Sufficient

Answer: B

(1) The sum of all the numbers in the list is 60.

(2) The sum of any 3 numbers in the list is 12.

(1) S=60 list can contain numerous combination of 15 numbers totaling 60.

Not sufficient.

(2) If the sum of ANY 3 numbers=12 all numbers=12/3=4. Sufficient.

Answer: B.

http://gmatclub.com/forum/collection-of-8-ds-questions-85290.html

DS Questions New:

1. The sum of n consecutive positive integers is 45. What is the value of n?

(1) n is even

(2) n < 9

(1) n=2 --> 22+23=45, n=4 --> n=6 x1+(x1+1)+(x1+2)+(x1+3)+

(x1+4)+(x1+5)=45 x1=5. At least two options for n. Not sufficient.

(2) n<9 same thing not sufficient.

(1)+(2) No new info. Not sufficient.

Answer: E.

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of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

(1) X=-Y

(2) Z=1

(1) x=-y --> for xyz to be a prime z must be -p AND x=-y shouldn't be

zero. Not sufficient.

(2) z=1 --> Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) x=-y and z=1 --> x and y can be zero, xyz=0 not prime OR xyz is

negative, so not prime. In either case we know xyz not prime.

Answer: C

3. Multiplication of the two digit numbers wx and cx, where w,x and c are

unique non-zero digits, the product is a three digit number. What is w+cx?

(1) The three digits of the product are all the same and different from w c

and x.

(2) x and w+c are odd numbers.

(1) wx+cx=aaa (111, 222, ... 999=37*k) --> As x is the units digit in both

numbers, a can be 1,4,6 or 9 (2,3,7 out because x^2 can not end with 2,3,

or 7. 5 is out because in that case x also should be 5 and we know that x

and a are distinct numbers).

1 is also out because 111=37*3 and we need 2 two digit numbers.

444=37*12 no good we need units digit to be the same.

666=37*18 no good we need units digit to be the same.

999=37*27 is the only possibility all digits are distinct except the unit

digits of multiples.

Sufficient

(2) x and w+c are odd numbers.

Number of choices: 13 and 23 or 19 and 29 and w+c-x is the different

even number.

Answer: A.

4. Is y x positive?

(1) y > 0

(2) x = 1 y

Easy one even if y>0 and x+y=1, we can find the x,y when y-x>0 and yx<0

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

Answer: E.

(1) |a^b| > 0

(2) |a|^b is a non-zero integer

This is tricky |a|b > 0 to hold true: a#0 and b>0.

(1) |a^b|>0 only says that a#0, because only way |a^b| not to be positive

is when a=0. Not sufficient. NOTE having absolute value of variable |a|,

doesn't mean it's positive. It's not negative --> |a|>=0

(2) |a|^b is a non-zero integer. What is the difference between (1) and

(2)? Well this is the tricky part: (2) says that a#0 and plus to this gives us

two possibilities as it states that it's integer:

A. -1>a>1 (|a|>1), on this case b can be any positive integer: because if b

is negative |a|^b can not be integer.

OR

B. |a|=1 (a=-1 or 1) and b can be any integer, positive or negative.

So (2) also gives us two options for b. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) nothing new: a#0 and two options for b depending on a. Not

sufficient.

Answer: E.

(1) N = 5

(2) MN is even

Note: it's not given that M and N are positive.

(1) N=5 --> if M>0 (10^M + N)/3 is an integer ((1+5)/3), if M<0 (10^M +

N)/3 is a fraction ((1/10^|M|+5)/3). Not sufficient.

(2) MN is even --> one of them or both positive/negative AND one of them

or both even. Not sufficient

(1)+(2) N=5 MN even --> still M can be negative or positive. Not sufficient.

Answer: E.

of x, what is the value of c?

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of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

(1) d = 3

(2) b = 6

Note this part: "for all values of x"

So, it must be true for x=0 --> c=d^2 --> b=2d

(1) d = 3 --> c=9 Sufficient

(2) b = 6 --> b=2d, d=3 --> c=9 Sufficient

Answer: D.

8. If x and y are non-zero integers and |x| + |y| = 32, what is xy?

(1) -4x - 12y = 0

(2) |x| - |y| = 16

(1) x+3y=0 --> x and y have opposite signs --> either 4y=32 y=8 x=-3,

xy=-24 OR -4y=32 y=-8 x=3 xy=24. The same answer. Sufficient.

(2) Multiple choices. Not sufficient.

Answer: A.

(1) n is divisible by 3

(2) 2n is divisible by twice as many positive integers as n

(1) 3 or 6. Clearly not sufficient.

(2) TIP:

When odd number n is doubled, 2n has twice as many factors as n.

Thats because odd number has only odd factors and when we multiply n

by two we remain all these odd factors as divisors and adding exactly the

same number of even divisors, which are odd*2.

Sufficient.

Answer: B.

10. The sum of n consecutive positive integers is 45. What is the value of

n?

(1) n is odd

(2) n >= 9

Look at the Q 1 we changed even to odd and n<9 to n>=9

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

(2) As we have consecutive positive integers max for n is 9: 1+2+3+...

+9=45. (If n>9=10 first term must be zero. and we are given that all

terms are positive) So only case n=9. Sufficient.

Answer: B.

http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-sum-of-n-consecutive-positive-integers-is85413.html

to 3?

(1) When x/3 is divided by 2, the remainder is 1.

(2) x is divisible by 5.

Answer: E.

than its printers. What is the ratio of its gross revenue for

computers and printers respectively in the year 2003?

(1) In the first half of 2003 it sold computers and printers in the ratio of 3:2,

respectively, and in the second half in the ratio of 2:1.

(2) It sold each computer for $1000.

Answer: E

and federal taxes, for diesel fuel. What was the price per gallon for the

fuel if the taxes are excluded?

(1) The trucker paid $0.118 per gallon in state and federal taxes on the fuel

last Tuesday.

(2) The trucker purchased 120 gallons of the fuel last Tuesday.

Answer: D.

(1) When x is divided by 12, the remainder is 5.

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of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

(2) When x is divided by 18, the remainder is 11.

Answer: E.

5. Al, Pablo, and Marsha shared the driving on a 1500 mile trip,

which of the three drove the greatest distance on the trip?

(1) Al drove 1 hour longer than Pablo but at an average of 5 miles per hour

slower than Pablo.

(2) Marsha drove 9 hours and averaged 50 miles per hour

Answer: E.

(1) 23 < d < 33

(2) 27 < d < 37

Answer: B.

7. The integers m and p are such that 2 is less than m and m is less

than p. Also, m is not a factor of p. If r is the remainder when p is

divided by m, is r > 1.

(1) The greatest common factor of m and p is 2.

(2) The least common multiple of m and p is 30.

Answer: A.

constant intervals, at which times each cell in the population divides

simultaneously. Four hours from now, immediately after the

population doubles, the scientist will destroy the entire sample. How

many cells will the population contain when the bacteria is

destroyed?

(1) Since the population divided two hours ago, the population has

quadrupled, increasing by 3,750 cells.

(2) The population will double to 40,000 cells with one hour remaining until

the scientist destroys the sample.

Answer: C.

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

9. Is x^2 equal to xy?

(1) x^2 - y^2 = (x+5)(y-5)

(2) x=y

Answer: B.

number of baskets. Each basket will contain at least one orange. If

there are 20 oranges to be distributed, what is the number of

oranges per basket?

(1) If the number of baskets were halved and all other conditions remained

the same, there would be twice as many oranges in every remaining basket.

(2) If the number of baskets were doubled, it would no longer be possible to

place at least one orange in every basket.

Answer: B.

(1) There are a total of 100 prime numbers between 1 and p+1

(2) There are a total of p prime numbers between 1 and 3912.

Answer: D.

6, and 9?

(1) The LCM of x and 6 is 30.

(2) The LCM of x and 9 is 45.

Answer: D.

http://gmatclub.com/forum/collection-of-12-ds-questions-85441-20.html#p642315

Standard Deviation:

Please note the following:

A. I was assured MANY TIMS, by various GMAT tutors, that GMAT won't ask you to

actually calculate SD, but rather to understand the concept of it. Though KNOWING

how it's calculated helps in understanding the concept.

B. During the real GMAT it's highly unlikely to get more than one ot two question on

SD (as on combinatorics), actually you may see none, so do not spend too much of

your preparation time on it, it's better to concentrate on issues you'll definitely face

on G-day.

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

Many questions below are easy, some are tough, but anyway they are good to

master in solving SD problems. I'll post OA after some discussions. Please provide

your way of thinking along with the answer. Thanks.

1. What is the standard deviation of Company Rs earnings per

month for this year?

(1) The standard deviation of Company Rs earnings per month in the first

half of this year was $2.3 million.

(2) The standard deviation of Company Rs earnings per month in the

second half of this year was $3.9 million.

Answer: E.

2. What is the standard deviation of Q, a set of consecutive

integers?

(1) Q has 21 members.

(2) The median value of set Q is 20.

Answer: A.

3. Lifetime of all the batteries produced by certain companies

have a distribution which is symmetric about mean m. If the

distribution has a standard deviation of d , what percentage of

distribution is greater than m+d?

(1) 68 % of the distribution in the interval from m-d to m+d, inclusive

(2) 16% of the distribution is less than m-d

Answer: D.

4. Question deleted

5. List S and list T each contain 5 positive integers, and for each

list the average of the integers in the list is 40. If the integers

30,40 and 50 are in both lists , is the standard deviation of the

integers in list S greater than the standard deviation of the

integers in list T?

(1)The integer 25 is in list S

(2)The integer 45 is in list T

Answer: C.

6. Set T consists of odd integers divisible by 5. Is standard

deviation of T positive?

(1) All members of T are positive

(2) T consists of only one member

Answer: B.

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

7. Set X consists of 8 integers. Is the standard deviation of set X

equal to zero?

(1) The range of set X is equal to 3

(2) The mean of set X is equal to 5

Answer: A.

8. {x,y,z}

If the first term in the data set above is 3, what is the third term?

(1) The range of this data set is 0.

(2) The standard deviation of this data set is 0.

Answer: D.

9. Question deleted

10. A scientist recorded the number of eggs in each of 10 birds'

nests. What was the standard deviation of the numbers of eggs in

the 10 nests?

(1) The average (arithmetic mean) number of eggs for the 10 nests was 4.

(2) Each of the 10 nests contained the same number of eggs.

Answer: B.

11. During an experiment, some water was removed from each of

the 6 water tanks. If the standard deviation of the volumes of

water in the tanks at the beginning of the experiment was 10

gallons, what was the standard deviation of the volumes of water

in the tanks at the end of the experiment?

(1) For each tank, 30% of the volume of water that was in the tank at the

beginning of the experiment was removed during the experiment.

(2) The average (arithmetic mean) volume of water in the tanks at the end

of the experiment was 63 gallons.

Answer: A.

http://gmatclub.com/forum/lately-many-questions-were-asked-about-thestandard-85896.html

Inequality and absolute value.

1. If 6*x*y = x^2*y + 9*y, what is the value of xy?

(1) y x = 3

(2) x^3< 0

First let's simplify given expression

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

-->

. Note here that we CAN NOT reduce

this expression by , as some of you did. Remember we are asked to

determine the value of

, and when reducing by you are assuming

that doesn't equal to . We don't know that.

Next: we can conclude that either

or/and

when y is not equal to zero, and x=3.

(1)

case

. But if y=0 then x=-3 and

Not sufficient.

OR:

-->

either

-->

or

--> if

and

-->

, then

and

if

, then

(2)

. x is negative, hence x is not equals to 3, hence y must be 0. So,

xy=0. Sufficient.

Answer: B.

2. 2. If y is an integer and y = |x| + x, is y = 0?

(1) x < 0

(2) y < 1

Note: as

then

and for

then

.

(1)

-->

(2)

an integer, hence

. Sufficient.

is

. Sufficient.

Answer: D.

3. Is x^2 + y^2 > 4a?

(1) (x + y)^2 = 9a

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

(2) (x y)^2 = a

(1) (x + y)^2 = 9a --> x^2+2xy+y^2=9a. Clearly insufficient.

(2) (x y)^2 = a --> x^2-2xy+y^2=a. Clearly insufficient.

(1)+(2) Add them up 2(x^2+y^2)=10a --> x^2+y^2=5a. Also

insufficient as x,y, and a could be 0 and x^2 + y^2 > 4a won't be true, as

LHS and RHS would be in that case equal to zero. Not sufficient.

Answer: E.

4. 4. Are x and y both positive?

(1) 2x-2y=1

(2) x/y>1

(1) 2x-2y=1. Well this one is clearly insufficient. You can do it with number

plugging OR consider the following: x and y both positive means that point

(x,y) is in the I quadrant. 2x-2y=1 --> y=x-1/2, we know it's an equation of

a line and basically question asks whether this line (all (x,y) points of this

line) is only in I quadrant. It's just not possible. Not sufficient.

(2) x/y>1 --> x and y have the same sign. But we don't know whether

they are both positive or both negative. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) Again it can be done with different approaches. You should just

find the one which is the less time-consuming and comfortable for you

personally.

One of the approaches:

-->

-->

--> substitute x -->

is positive too. Sufficient.

-->

is positive, and as

Answer: C.

5. 5. What is the value of y?

(1) 3|x^2 -4| = y - 2

(2) |3 - y| = 11

(1) As we are asked to find the value of y, from this statement we can

conclude only that y>=2, as LHS is absolute value which is never

negative, hence RHS als can not be negative. Not sufficient.

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

(2) |3 - y| = 11:

y<3 --> 3-y=11 --> y=-8

y>=3 --> -3+y=11 --> y=14

Two values for y. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) y>=2, hence y=14. Sufficient.

Answer: C.

6. 6. If x and y are integer, is y > 0?

(1) x +1 > 0

(2) xy > 0

(1) x+1>0 --> x>-1. As x is an integer x can take the following values

0,1,2,... But we know nothing about y. Not sufficient.

(2) xy>0. x and y have the same sign (both positive OR both negative)

and neither x nor y is zero. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) x is positive, as from (1) it's 0,1,2.. and from (2) x is not zero.

Hence xy to be positive y also must be positive. Sufficient.

Answer: C.

____________

7. 7. |x+2|=|y+2| what is the value of x+y?

(1) xy<0

(2) x>2 y<2

This one is quite interesting.

First note that |x+2|=|y+2| can take only two possible forms:

A. x+2=y+2 --> x=y. This will occur if and only x and y are both >= than

-2 OR both <= than -2. In that case x=y. Which means that their

product will always be positive or zero when x=y=0.

B. x+2=-y-2 --> x+y=-4. This will occur when either x or y is less then -2

and the other is more than -2.

When we have scenario A, xy will be nonnegative only. Hence if xy is

negative we have scenario B and x+y=-4. Also note that vise-versa is not

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

right. Meaning that we can have scenario B and xy may be positive as well

as negative.

(1) xy<0 --> We have scenario B, hence x+y=-4. Sufficient.

(2) x>2 and y<2, x is not equal to y, we don't have scenario A, hence we

have scenario B, hence x+y=-4. Sufficient.

Answer: D.

8. 8. a*b#0. Is |a|/|b|=a/b?

(1) |a*b|=a*b

(2) |a|/|b|=|a/b|

|a|/|b|=a/b is true if and only a and b have the same sign, meaning a/b is

positive.

(1) |a*b|=a*b, means a and b are both positive or both negative, as LHS is

never negative (well in this case LHS is positive as neither a nor b equals

to zero). Hence a/b is positive in any case. Hence |a|/|b|=a/b. Sufficient.

(2) |a|/|b|=|a/b|, from this we can not conclude whether they have the

same sign or not. Not sufficient.

Answer: A.

9. 9. Is n<0?

(1) -n=|-n|

(2) n^2=16

(1) -n=|-n|, means that either n is negative OR n equals to zero. We are

asked whether n is negative so we can not be sure. Not sufficient.

(2) n^2=16 --> n=4 or n=-4. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) n is negative OR n equals to zero from (1), n is 4 or -4 from (2). -->

n=-4, hence it's negative, sufficient.

Answer: C.

10.If n is not equal to 0, is |n| < 4 ?

(1) n^2 > 16

(2) 1/|n| > n

Question basically asks is -4<n<4 true.

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

(1) n^2>16 --> n>4 or n<-4, the answer to the question is NO. Sufficient.

(2) 1/|n| > n, this is true for all negative values of n, hence we can not

answer the question. Not sufficient.

Answer: A.

11. Is |x+y|>|x-y|?

(1) |x| > |y|

(2) |x-y| < |x|

To answer this question you should visualize it. We have comparison of

two absolute values. Ask yourself when |x+y| is more then than |x-y|? If

and only when x and y have the same sign absolute value of x+y will

always be more than absolute value of x-y. As x+y when they have the

same sign will contribute to each other and x-y will not.

5+3=8 and 5-3=2

OR -5-3=-8 and -5-(-3)=-2.

So if we could somehow conclude that x and y have the same sign or not

we would be able to answer the question.

(1) |x| > |y|, this tell us nothing about the signs of x and y. Not sufficient.

(2) |x-y| < |x|, says that the distance between x and y is less than distance

between x and origin. This can only happen when x and y have the same

sign, when they are both positive or both negative, when they are at the

same side from the origin. Sufficient. (Note that vise-versa is not right,

meaning that x and y can have the same sign but |x| can be less than |xy|, but if |x|>|x-y| the only possibility is x and y to have the same sign.)

Answer: B.

11.12. Is r=s?

(1) -s<=r<=s

(2) |r|>=s

This one is tough.

(1) -s<=r<=s, we can conclude two things from this statement:

A. s is either positive or zero, as -s<=s;

B. r is in the range (-s,s) inclusive, meaning that r can be -s as well as s.

But we don't know whether r=s or not. Not sufficient.

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of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

(1)+(2) -s<=r<=s, s is not negative, |r|>=s --> r>=s or r<=-s. This

doesn't imply that r=s, from this r can be -s as well.

Consider: s=5, r=5 --> -5<=5<=5 |5|>=5

s=5, r=-5 --> -5<=-5<=5 |-5|>=5

Both statements are true with these values. Hence insufficient.

Answer: E.

_________________

12.13. Is |x-1| < 1?

(1) (x-1)^2 <= 1

(2) x^2 - 1 > 0

Last one.

Is |x-1| < 1? Basically the question asks is 0<x<2 true?

(1) (x-1)^2 <= 1 --> x^2-2x<=0 --> x(x-2)<=0 --> 0<=x<=2. x is in the

range (0,2) inclusive. This is the trick here. x can be 0 or 2! Else it would

be sufficient. So not sufficient.

(2) x^2 - 1 > 0 --> x<-1 or x>1. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) Intersection of the ranges from 1 and 2 is 1<x<=2. Again 2 is

included in the range, thus as x can be 2, we can not say for sure that

0<x<2 is true. Not sufficient.

Answer: E.

http://gmatclub.com/forum/inequality-and-absolute-value-questions-frommy-collection-86939-40.html

Exponents and Roots:

1. If

, where

the units digit of ?

and

(1)

(2)

(1)

and

and

are perfect squares --> there are only two perfect squares in

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

the given range 121=11^2 and 144=12^2 -->

and

.

Sufficient.(As cyclicity of units digit of in integer power is , therefore

the units digit of

(2)

-->

, so 3).

. Sufficient.

and

-->

and

and

Answer: D.

2. 2. If x, y, and z are positive integers and

. Is

integer?

(1) is an even perfect square and is an odd perfect cube.

(2) is not an integer.

and

square of some other integer. For example 16=4^2, is a perfect

square. Similarly a perfect cube, is an integer that can be

written as the cube of some other integer. For example

27=3^3, is a perfect cube.

Make prime factorization of 2,700 -->

(1)

either

or

and

then

an integer:

then

could be

or

is

must be a

. But if

which makes

not an

(2)

then

Sufficient.

, therefore it must be

an integer:

(from

or

Answer: C.

3. 3. If

(1)

(2)

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

. So we should find the value of

(1)

-->

-->

.

-->

(2)

. Not sufficient.

Answer: A.

4. 4. If

is

(1)

(2)

means that neither of unknown is equal to zero. Next,

Since

and

?

are positive numbers then the question boils down

whether

, which is the same as whether

(recall that odd

roots have the same sign as the base of the root, for example:

and

(1)

).

--> as even root from positive number (

in our case) is

positive then

, (or which is the same

answer to the original question is NO. Sufficient.

). Therefore

(2)

same

then

Answer: D.

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

5. 5. If

?

and

(1)

(2)

(1)

--> as both

and

-->

or

. Note that as

negative integer (x) in negative integer power (y) gives positive

number (1/81) then the power must be negative even number. Not

sufficient.

(2)

number -->

Not sufficient.

-->

statements

and

or

and

-->

satisfies both

. Sufficient.

Answer: C.

6. 6. If

(1)

(2)

and

(1)

-->

--> applying

we'll get:

-->

-->

then

-->

hence

. Sufficient.

(2)

and

--> since

-->

and

to

. Sufficient.

Answer: D.

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

7. 7. If

is a positive integer is

(1)

an integer?

is an integer

(2)

is not an integer

is

either a positive integer itself or an irrational number. (It can

not be some reduced fraction eg 7/3 or 1/2)

Also note that the question basically asks whether

square.

is a perfect

(1)

is an integer --> can not be a perfect square because if it is,

for example if

for some positive integer then

. Sufficient.

(2)

is not an integer -->

Sufficient.

-->

Answer: D.

8. 8. What is the value of

(1)

(2)

(1)

Sufficient.

-->

--->

-->

(2)

-->

-->

--> both and

Sufficient.

-->

-->

must be zero -->

-->

Answer: D.

9. 9. If

?

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

(1)

(2)

(1)

--> infinitely many combinations of , and are

possible which will give different values of the expression in the stem:

try x=y=1 and y=-6 or x=1, y=2, z=-3. Not sufficient.

(2)

-->

then:

. Sufficient.

and

.

Answer: B.

10.10. If and are non-negative integers and

an even integer?

is

(1)

(2)

(1)

-->

-->

Since both

-->

and

.

are integers (and

and

) then

-->

and

, so the answer

and

-->

and

is not a valid scenario (solution) as both unknowns

must be integers)

(2)

--> obviously

) and as

-->

then the only solution is

. So,

possible:

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

A.

and

(notice that

B.

and

(notice that

;

holds true) -->

Answer: A.

11.11. What is the value of

(1)

(2)

Notice that we are not told that the

(1)

--> if

and

and

are integers.

then

and

BUT if they are not, then for any value of there will

exist some non-integer to satisfy given expression and vise-versa

(for example if

then

-->

-->

). Not sufficient.

(2)

-->

--> either

number (including 2) or

sufficient.

(1)+(2) If from (2)

if from (2)

and

and

and

is ANY

-->

-->

and

. Thus

. Sufficient.

Answer: C.

http://gmatclub.com/forum/tough-and-tricky-exponents-and-rootsquestions-125967-20.html

Discreet Chart of DS:

1. Bonnie can paint a stolen car in x hours, and Clyde can paint

the same car in y hours. They start working simultaneously

and independently at their respective constant rates at

9:45am. If both x and y are odd integers, is x=y?

(1) x^2+y^2<12

(2) Bonnie and Clyde complete the painting of the car at 10:30am

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

Solution: the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-126962-20.html#p1039633

2. Is xy<=1/2?

(1) x^2+y^2=1

(2) x^2-y^2=0

Solution: the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-126962-20.html#p1039634

3. If a, b and c are integers, is abc an even integer?

(1) b is halfway between a and c

(2) a = b - c

Solution: the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-126962-40.html#p1039637

4. How many numbers of 5 consecutive positive integers is

divisible by 4?

(1) The median of these numbers is odd

(2) The average (arithmetic mean) of these numbers is a prime

number

Solution: the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-126962-40.html#p1039645

5. What is the value of integer x?

(1) 2x^2+9<9x

(2) |x+10|=2x+8

Solution: the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-126962-40.html#p1039650

6. If a and b are integers and ab=2, is a=2?

(1) b+3 is not a prime number

(2) a>b

Solution: the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-126962-40.html#p1039651

7. A certain fruit stand sold total of 76 oranges to 19

customers. How many of them bought only one orange?

(1) None of the customers bought more than 4 oranges

(2) The difference between the number of oranges bought by any two

customers is even

Solution: the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-126962-40.html#p1039655

8. If x=0.abcd, where a, b, c and d are digits from 0 to 9,

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

inclusive, is x>7/9?

(1) a+b>14

(2) a-c>6

Solution: the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-126962-40.html#p1039662

9. If x and y are negative numbers, is x<y?

(1) 3x + 4 < 2y + 3

(2) 2x - 3 < 3y - 4

Solution: the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-126962-40.html#p1039665

10. The function f is defined for all positive integers a and b by

the following rule: f(a,b)=(a+b)/GCF(a,b), where GCF(a,b) is

the greatest common factor of a and b. If f(10,x)=11, what is

the value of x?

(1) x is a square of an integer

(2) The sum of the distinct prime factors of x is a prime number.

Solution: the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-126962-40.html#p1039671

11. If x and y are integers, is x a positive integer?

(1) x*|y| is a prime number.

(2) x*|y| is non-negative integer.

Solution: the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-126962-40.html#p1039678

12. If 6a=3b=7c, what is the value of a+b+c?

(1) ac=6b

(2) 5b=8a+4c

Solution: the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-126962-40.html#p1039680

Discreet Charm of DS Solutions by Bunuel:

1. Bonnie can paint a stolen car in x hours, and Clyde can paint

the same car in y hours. They start working simultaneously

and independently at their respective constant rates at

9:45am. If both x and y are odd integers, is x=y?

Bonnie and Clyde when working together complete the painting of

the car ins

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

-->

). Now, if

, since is odd then this time

would be odd/2: 0.5 hours, 1.5 hours, 2.5 hours, ....

(1) x^2+y^2<12 --> it's possible

and

each other if

but it's also possible that

vise-versa). Not sufficient.

and

(or

(2) Bonnie and Clyde complete the painting of the car at 10:30am

--> they complete the job in 3/4 of an hour (45 minutes), since it's

not odd/2 then and are not equal. Sufficient.

Answer: B.

2. 2. Is xy<=1/2?

(1) x^2+y^2=1. Recall that

then:

(2) x^2-y^2=0 -->

-->

--> since

. Sufficient.

. Clearly insufficient.

Answer: A.

3. 3. If a, b and c are integers, is abc an even integer?

In order the product of the integers to be even at leas on of them

must be even

(1) b is halfway between a and c --> on the GMAT we often see such

statement and it can ALWAYS be expressed algebraically as

.

Now, does that mean that at leas on of them is be even? Not

necessarily:

,

and

, of course it's also possible that

for example

, for

and

. Not sufficient.

(2) a = b - c -->

. Since it's not possible that the sum of two

odd integers to be odd then the case of 3 odd numbers is ruled out,

hence at least on of them must be even. Sufficient.

Answer: B.

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

4. 4. How many numbers of 5 consecutive positive integers is

divisible by 4?

(1) The median of these numbers is odd --> the median of the set

with odd number of terms is just a middle term, thus our set of 5

consecutive numbers is: {Odd, Even, Odd, Even, Odd}. Out of 2

consecutive even integers only one is a multiple of 4. Sufficient.

(2) The average (arithmetic mean) of these numbers is a prime

number --> in any evenly spaced set the arithmetic mean (average)

is equal to the median --> mean=median=prime. Since it's not

possible that median=2=even, (in this case not all 5 numbers will

be positive), then median=odd prime, and we have the same case

as above. Sufficient.

Answer: D.

5. 5. What is the value of integer x?

--> roots are

and 3 --> "<" sign indicates that the solution lies between the

roots:

--> since there only integer in this range is 2 then

. Sufficient.

(2) |x+10|=2x+8 --> LHS is an absolute value, which is always non

negative, hence RHS must also be non-negative:

-->

, for this range

is positive hence

-->

. Sufficient.

-->

Answer: D.

Check this for more on solving inequalities like the one in the first

statement:

x2-4x-94661.html#p731476

inequalities-trick-91482.html

everything-is-less-than-zero-108884.html?hilit=extreme#p868863

xy-plane-71492.html?hilit=solving%20quadratic#p841486

6. 6. If a and b are integers and ab=2, is a=2?

Notice that we are not told that a and b are positive.

There are following integer pairs of (a, b) possible: (1, 2), (-1, -2),

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

(2, 1) and (-2, -1). Basically we are asked whether we have the

third case.

(1) b+3 is not a prime number --> rules out 1st and 4th options. Not

sufficient.

(2) a>b --> again rules out 1st and 4th options. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) Still two options are left: (-1, -2) and (2, 1). Not sufficient.

Answer: E.

7. 7. A certain fruit stand sold total of 76 oranges to 19

customers. How many of them bought only one orange?

(1) None of the customers bought more than 4 oranges --> this

basically means that all customers bought exactly 4 oranges

(76/19=4), because if even one customer bought less than 4, the

sum will be less than 76. Hence, no one bought only one orange.

Sufficient.

(2) The difference between the number of oranges bought by any

two customers is even --> in order the difference between ANY

number of oranges bought to be even, either all customers must

have bought odd number of oranges or all customers must have

bough even number of oranges. But the first case is not possible:

the sum of 19 odd numbers is odd and not even like 76. Hence,

again no one bought only one=odd orange. Sufficient.

Answer: D.

8. 8. If x=0.abcd, where a, b, c and d are digits from 0 to 9,

inclusive, is x>7/9?

First of all 7/9 is a recurring decimal =0.77(7). For more on

converting Converting Decimals to Fractions see: math-numbertheory-88376.html

(1) a+b>14 --> the least value of a is 6 (6+9=15>14), so in this

case x=0.69d<0.77(7) but a=7 and b=9 is also possible, and in this

case x=0.79d>0.77(7). Not sufficient.

(2) a-c>6 --> the least value of a is 7 (7-0=7>6), but we don't know

the value of b. Not sufficient.

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

(1)+(2) The least value of a is 7 and in this case from (1) least value

of b is 8 (7+8=15>14), hence the least value of x=0.78d>0.77(7).

Sufficient.

Answer: C.

___________

9. 9. If x and y are negative numbers, is x<y?

(1) 3x + 4 < 2y + 3 -->

. can be some very small

number for instance -100 and some large enough number for

instance -3 and the answer would be YES,

BUT if

and

then the answer would be NO,

. Not sufficient.

-->

-->

(as y+negative is "more negative" than y). Sufficient.

Answer: B.

10.

10. The function f is defined for all positive integers a

and b by the following rule: f(a,b)=(a+b)/GCF(a,b), where

GCF(a,b) is the greatest common factor of a and b. If

f(10,x)=11, what is the value of x?

Notice that the greatest common factor of 10 and x, GCF(10,x),

naturally must be a factor of 10: 1, 2, 5, and 10. Thus from

f(10,x)=11 we can get four different values of x:

GCF(10,x)=1 -->

-->

GCF(10,x)=2 -->

-->

GCF(10,x)=5 -->

-->

GCF(10,x)=10 -->

-->

;

;

;

.

(2) The sum of the distinct prime factors of x is a prime number --->

distinct primes of 12 are 2 and 3:

of 45 are 3 and 5:

and 5:

, distinct primes

and distinct primes of 100 are 2

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

(1)+(2)

Answer: C.

_________________

11.

(1) x*|y| is a prime number --> since only positive numbers can

be primes, then: x*|y|=positive --> x=positive. Sufficient

(2) x*|y| is non-negative integer. Notice that we are told that x*|y| is

non-negative, not that it's positive, so x can be positive as well as

zero. Not sufficient.

Answer: A.

12.

Given:

--> least common multiple of 6, 3, and 7 is 42

hence we ca write:

, for some number -->

,

and

.

(1) ac=6b -->

sufficient.

(2) 5b=8a+4c -->

-->

-->

-->

-->

-->

or

-->

. Sufficient.

. Not

-->

Answer: B.

http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-discreet-charm-of-the-ds-12696240.html

Devils Dozen Questions

1. Jules and Jim both invested certain amount of money in

bond M for one year, which pays for 12% simple interest

annually. If no other investment were made, then Jules

initial investment in bond M was how many dollars more

than Jim's investment in bond M.

(1) In one year Jules earned $24 more than Jim from bond M.

(2) If the interest were 20% then in one year Jules would have

earned $40 more than Jim from bond M.

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312.html#p1063846

2. If n is a positive integer and p is a prime number, is p a

factor of n!?

(1) p is a factor of (n+2)!-n!

(2) p is a factor of (n+2)!/n!

Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312.html#p1063847

3. If x and y are integers, is y an even integer?

(1) 4y^2+3x^2=x^4+y^4

(2) y=4-x^2

Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312.html#p1063848

4. Of the 58 patients of Vertigo Hospital, 45 have

arachnophobia. How many of the patients have acrophobia?

(1) The number of patients of Vertigo Hospital who have both

arachnophobia and acrophobia is the same as the number of

patients who have neither arachnophobia nor acrophobia.

(2) 32 patients of Vertigo Hospital have arachnophobia but not

acrophobia.

Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312.html#p1063863

5. If at least one astronaut do NOT listen to Bach at Solaris

space station, then how many of 35 astronauts at Solaris

space station listen to Bach?

(1) Of the astronauts who do NOT listen to Bach 56% are male.

(2) Of the astronauts who listen to Bach 70% are female.

Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312.html#p1063867

6. Is the perimeter of triangle with the sides a, b and c

greater than 30?

(1) a-b=15.

(2) The area of the triangle is 50.

Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312.html#p1063871

7. Set A consists of k distinct numbers. If n numbers are

selected from the set one-by-one, where n<=k, what is the

probability that numbers will be selected in ascending

order?

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

(1) Set A consists of 12 even consecutive integers.

(2) n=5.

Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312-20.html#p1063874

8. If p is a positive integer, what is the remainder when p^2

is divided by 12?

(1) p is greater than 3.

(2) p is a prime.

Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312-20.html#p1063884

9. The product of three distinct positive integers is equal to

the square of the largest of the three numbers, what is the

product of the two smaller numbers?

(1) The average (arithmetic mean) of the three numbers is 34/3.

(2) The largest number of the three distinct numbers is 24.

Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312-20.html#p1063886

10. There is at least one viper and at least one cobra in

Pandora's box. How many cobras are there?

(1) There are total 99 snakes in Pandora's box.

(2) From any two snakes from Pandora's box at least one is a viper.

Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312-20.html#p1063888

11. Alice has $15, which is enough to buy 11 muffins and 7

brownies, is $45 enough to buy 27 muffins and 27 brownies?

(1) $15 is enough to buy 7 muffins and 11 brownies.

(2) $15 is enough to buy 10 muffins and 8 brownies.

Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312-20.html#p1063892

12. If x>0 and xy=z, what is the value of yz?

(1)

(2)

.

.

Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312-20.html#p1063894

13. Buster leaves the trailer at noon and walks towards the

studio at a constant rate of B miles per hour. 20 minutes

later, Charlie leaves the same studio and walks towards the

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

same trailer at a constant rate of C miles per hour along the

same route as Buster. Will Buster be closer to the trailer

than to the studio when he passes Charlie?

(1) Charlie gets to the trailer in 55 minutes.

(2) Buster gets to the studio at the same time as Charlie gets to the

trailer.

Solution: devil-s-dozen-129312-20.html#p1063897

1. Jules and Jim both invested certain amount of money in

bond M for one year, which pays for 12% simple interest

annually. If no other investment were made, then Jules

initial investment in bond M was how many dollars more

than Jim's investment in bond M.

Question:

(1) In one year Jules earned $24 more than Jim from bond M.

-->

-->

. Sufficient.

(2) If the interest were 20% then in one year Jules would have

earned $40 more than Jim from bond M. Basically the same type

of information as above:

-->

-->

. Sufficient.

Answer: D.

2. 2. If n is a positive integer and p is a prime number, is p a

factor of n!?

(1) p is a factor of (n+2)!-n! --> if

then

for

then answer will be YES but for

be NO. Not sufficient.

then

for

and for

and

the answer will

--> if

then answer will be YES but

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

(1)+(2)

. Now,

and

are consecutive integers. Two consecutive

integers are co-prime, which means that they don't share ANY

common factor but 1. For example 20 and 21 are consecutive

integers, thus only common factor they share is 1. So, as from

(2)

is a factor of

, thus in order

to be a factor of

first multiple of this expression: . Sufficient.

Answer: C.

3. 3. If x and y are integers, is y an even integer?

(1) 4y^2+3x^2=x^4+y^4 --> rearrange:

>

of

: if

is odd then

--

and if is even

is also even, but

in order it to be even must be even, since if is odd then

. Sufficient.

(2) y=4-x^2 --> if

then

then

but if

. Not sufficient.

Answer: A.

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

4.

Solaris space station, then how many of 35 astronauts at

Solaris space station listen to Bach?

Also very tricky.

(1) Of the astronauts who do NOT listen to Bach 56% are male

--> if # of astronauts who do NOT listen to Bach is then

is # of males who do NOT listen to Bach. Notice that

must be an integer. Hence x must be a multiple of

25: 25, 50, 75, ... But (# of astronauts who do NOT listen to

Bach) must also be less than (or equal to) 35. So can only be

25, which makes # of astronauts who do listen to Bach equal to

35-25=10. Sufficient.

(2) Of the astronauts who listen to Bach 70% are female. Now, if

we apply the same logic here we get that, if # of astronauts who

listen to Bach is

then

but in this case it can take more than 1 value: 10, 20, 30. So,

this statement is not sufficient.

Answer: A.

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

6. 6. Is the perimeter of triangle with the sides a, b and c

greater than 30?

700+ question.

(1) a-b=15. Must know for the GMAT: the length of any side of

a triangle must be larger than the positive difference of

the other two sides, but smaller than the sum of the

other two sides. So, a+b>c>15 --> a+b+c>30. Sufficient.

(2) The area of the triangle is 50. For a given perimeter

equilateral triangle has the largest area. Now, if the

perimeter were equal to 30 then it would have the largest area if

it were equilateral. Let's find what this area would be:

. Since even

equilateral triangle with perimeter of 30 can not produce the

area of 50, then the perimeter must be more that 30. Sufficient.

Answer: D.

7. 7. Set A consists of k distinct numbers. If n numbers are

selected from the set one-by-one, where n<=k, what is

the probability that numbers will be selected in

ascending order?

(1) Set A consists of 12 even consecutive integers;

(2) n=5.

We should understand following two things:

1. The probability of selecting any n numbers from the set is the

same. Why should any subset of n numbers have higher or lower

probability of being selected than some other subset of n

numbers? Probability doesn't favor any particular subset.

2. Now, consider that the subset selected is

where

. We can select this subset of numbers in

# of ways and out of these n! ways only one, namely

will be in ascending order. So 1 out of n!.

Hence, according to the above the only thing we need to know

to answer the question is the size of the subset (n) we are

selecting from set A.

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

Answer: B.

8. 8. If p is a positive integer, what is the remainder when

p^2 is divided by 12?

(1) p is greater than 3.

(2) p is a prime.

(1) p is greater than 3. Clearly insufficient: different values of

will give different values of the remainder.

(2) p is a prime. Also insufficient: if

but if

(1)+(2) You can proceed with number plugging and try several

prime numbers greater than 3 to see that the remainder will

always be 1 (for example try

).

the following property of the prime number: any prime number

greater than 3 can be expressed either as

.

or

If

then

when divided by 12;

If

then

1 when divided by 12.

Answer: C.

9. 9. The product of three distinct positive integers is equal

to the square of the largest of the three numbers, what

is the product of the two smaller numbers?

700 question.

Let the three integers be , , and , where

-->

. Question:

. Given:

-->

-->

since and are integers, then

-->

and

. Now,

.

and

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

-->

. Sufficient. (Notice that

and

not possible since in this case

and we are told that all

integers are positive).

is

Directly give the value of c. Sufficient.

Answer: D.

10.10. There is at least one viper and at least one cobra in

Pandora's box. How many cobras are there?

Quite tricky.

(1) There are total 99 snakes in Pandora's box. Clearly

insufficient.

(2) From any two snakes from Pandora's box at least one is a

viper. Since from ANY two snakes one is a viper then there can

not be 2 (or more) cobras and since there is at least one cobra

then there must be exactly one cobra in the box. Sufficient.

Answer: B.

11.11. Alice has $15, which is enough to buy 11 muffins and

7 brownies, is $45 enough to buy 27 muffins and 27

brownies?

700+ question.

Given:

, where

one brownie respectively.

Question: is

? -->

. Question

basically asks whether we can substitute 2 muffins with 2

brownies.

Now if

we can easily substitute 2 muffins with 2 brownies

(since

will be more than ). But if

we won't know this

for sure.

But consider the case when we are told that we can substitute 3

muffins with 3 brownies. In both cases (

or

) it would

mean that we can substitute 2 (so less than 3) muffins with 2

brownies, but again we won't be sure whether we can substitute

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

4 (so more than 3) muffins with 4 brownies.

(1) $15 is enough to buy 7 muffins and 11 brownies -->

: we can substitute 4 muffins with 4 brownies, so

according to above we can surely substitute 2 muffins with 2

brownies. Sufficient.

(1) $15 is enough to buy 10 muffins and 8 brownies -->

: we can substitute 1 muffin with 1 brownie, so

according to above this is does not ensure that we can

substitute 2 muffins with 2 brownies. Not sufficient.

Answer: A.

12.12. If x>0 and xy=z, what is the value of yz?

(1)

. If

,

and

(2)

-->

then

and

but if

then

. Not sufficient.

-->

--> since

then:

. Sufficient.

Answer: B.

13.13. Buster leaves the trailer at noon and walks towards

the studio at a constant rate of B miles per hour. 20

minutes later, Charlie leaves the same studio and walks

towards the same trailer at a constant rate of C miles per

hour along the same route as Buster. Will Buster be

closer to the trailer than to the studio when he passes

Charlie?

(1) Charlie gets to the trailer in 55 minutes. No info about

Buster. Not sufficient.

(2) Buster gets to the studio at the same time as Charlie gets to

the trailer --> Charlie needed 20 minutes less than Buster to

cover the same distance, which means that the rate of Charlie is

higher than that of Buster. Since after they pass each other they

need the same time to get to their respective destinations (they

get at the same time to their respective destinations) then

Buster had less distance to cover ahead (at lower rate) than he

had already covered (which would be covered by Charlie at

All contents have been taken form www.gmatclub.com . I do not own the copyright

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

higher rate). Sufficient.

Answer: B.

1.If r is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided by 7, what is the value

of r

1. when n is divided by 21, the remainder is an odd number

2. when n is divided by 28, the remainder is 3

The possible reminders can be 1,2,3,4,5 and 6. We have the pinpoint the exact

remainder from this 6 numbers.

St 1: when n is divided by 21 ( 7 and 3) the remainder is an odd number.

But it cannot be 7, 3 or 9 . Hence the possibilities are : 1 and 5.

Hence there can be two remainders ,1 and 5, when divided by 7.

NOT SUFFICIENT

St 2: when n is divided by 28 the remainder is 3.

As 7 is a factor of 28, the remainder when divided by 7 will be 3

SUFFICIENT

divided by 10 ?

(1) n = 2

(2) m = 1

The Concept tested here is cycles of powers of 3.

The cycles of powers of 3 are : 3,9,7,1

St I) n = 2. This makes 3^(4*2 +2 + m) = 3^(10+m). we do not know m and hence

cannot figure out the unit digit.

St II) m=1 . This makes 3^(4*n +2 + 1).

4n can be 4,8,12,16...

3^(4*n +2 + 1) will be 3^7,3^11, 3^15,3^19 ..... in each case the unit digit will be

7. SUFF

Hence B

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

(1) When p is divided by 8, the remainder is 5.

(2) p is the sum of the squares of two positive integers.

st2. p is odd ,since p is square of 2 integers...one will be even and other odd....now

when we divide any even square by 4 v ll gt 0 remainder..and when divide odd

square vll get 1 as remainder......so intoatal remainder=1

Ans : D

4.If p and n are positive integers and p > n, what is the remainder when p^2 - n^2

is divided by 15 ?

(1) The remainder when p + n is divided by 5 is 1.

(2) The remainder when p - n is divided by 3 is 1.

Ans: E

st1) p+n=6,11,16....insuff.

st2) p-n=4,7,10....insuff...

multiply these two to get p^2-n^2.....multiplying any ttwo values from the above

results in different remainder......

also can be done thru equation....p+n=5a+1..and so on

(1) When x is divided by 6, the remainder is 2.

(2) When x is divided by 15, the remainder is 2.

Easy one , answer D

st 1...multiple of 6 will also be multiple of 3 so remainder wil be same as 2.

st2) multiple of 15 will also be multiple of 3....so the no.that gives remaindr 2 when

divided by 15 also gives 2 as the remainder when divided by 3...

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

(1) n is a multiple of 5.

(2) n is a multiple of 12.

Easy one. Answer B

st 1) multiples of 5=5,10,15....all gives differnt remainders with 6

st2)n is divided by 12...so it will be divided by 6...remainder=0

7If x, y, and z are positive integers, what is the remainder when 100x + 10y + z is

divided by 7 ?

(1) y = 6

(2) z = 3

We need to know all the variables. We cannot get that from both the statements.

Hence the answer is E.

8.If n is a positive integer and r is the remainder when 4 + 7n is divided by 3, what

is the value of r ?

(1) n + 1 is divisible by 3.

(2) n > 20

Answer A

st1... n+1 divisible by 3..so n=2,5,8,11......

this gives 4+7n=18,39,60....remainder 0 in each case......

st2) insufficient ....n can have any value

24, what is the value of r ?

(1) n is not divisible by 2.

(2) n is not divisible by 3.

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

ST 1- if n is not divisible by 2, then n is odd, so both (n - 1) and (n + 1) are even.

moreover, since every other even number is a multiple of 4, one of those two

factors is a multiple of 4. so the product (n - 1)(n + 1) contains one multiple of 2 and

one multiple of 4, so it contains at least 2 x 2 x 2 = three 2's in its prime

factorization.

But this is not sufficient, because it can be (n-1)*(n+1) can be 2*4 where remainder

is 8. it can be 4*6 where the remainder is 0.

ST 2- if n is not divisible by 3, then exactly one of (n - 1) and (n + 1) is divisible by 3,

because every third integer is divisible by 3. therefore, the product (n - 1)(n + 1)

contains a 3 in its prime factorization.

Just like st 1 this is not sufficient

the overall prime factorization of (n - 1)(n + 1) contains three 2's and a 3.

therefore, it is a multiple of 24.

sufficient

Answer C

of the any of the materials. ---ASAX

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