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Current Macroeconomic Situation

(Based on the First Six Months' Data of 2009/10)

Table No. Monetary and Credit Aggregates


1 Monetary Survey
2 Monetary Authorities' Account
3 Factors Affecting Reserve Money
4 Condensed Assets and Liabilities of Commercial Banks
5 Deposit Details of Commercial Banks
6 Sectorwise Credit Flows of Commercial Banks
7 Securitywise Credit Flows of Commercial Banks
8 Claims on Government Enterprises
Monetary Operations
9 Outright Sale Auction
10 Outright Purchase Auction
11 Repo Auction
12 Reverse Repo Auction
13 Foreign Exchange Intervention (in NRS)
14 Foreign Exchange Intervention (in US$)
15 Indian Currency Purchase
16 Standing Liquidity Facility (SLF)
Interbank Transaction and Interest Rates
17 Interbank Transaction (Amount)
18 Structure of Interest Rates
19 Weighted Average Treasury Bills Rate (91-day)
20 Weighted Average Treasury Bills Rate(364 day)
21 Weighted Average Interbank Transaction Rate
Stock Market
22 Stock Market Indicators
23 Public Issue Approval by SEBON
24 Listed Companies and their Market Capitalization
25 Share Market Activities and Turnover Details
Prices
26 National Urban Consumer Price Index
27 Core CPI Inflation
28 National Urban Consumer Price Index (Monthly Series)
29 National Wholesale Price Index
30 National Wholesale Price Index (Monthly Series)
31 National Salary and Wage Rate Index
Government Finance
32 Government Budgetary Operation
33 Government Revenue Collection
34 Fresh Treasury Bills
35 Outstanding Domestic Debt of the GON
External Sector
36 Direction of Foreign Trade
37 Export of Major Commodities to India
38 Export of Major Commodities to Other Countries
39 Import of Selected Commodities from India
40 Import of Selected Commodities from Other Countries
41 Summary of Balance of Payments Presentation
42 Import from India against the US Dollar Payment
43 Gross Foreign Exchange Holdings of the Banking Sector
44 Gross Foreign Exchange Holdings of the Banking Sector in US$
45 Exchange Rate of US Dollar
46 Price of Oil and Gold in the International Market
Table 1
Monetary Survey
Rs in million
Changes in the First Six Months of
Monetary Aggregates 2008 2009 2009 2010 2008/09 2009/10
Jul Jan Jul (e) Jan (e) Amount % Amount %

1. Foreign Assets, Net 171455.5 202367.9 221083.7 193368.0 28533.2 1/ 16.6 -19789.9 2/ -9.0

1.1. Foreign Assets 213254.1 255146.8 280540.9 247325.2 41892.7 19.6 -33215.7 -11.8

1.2 Foreign Currency Deposits 34229.1 45282.7 51794.7 47856.4 11053.7 32.3 -3938.3 -7.6
1.3 Other Foreign Liabilities 7569.6 7496.2 7662.5 6100.8 -73.3 -1.0 -1561.8 -20.4

2. Net Domestic Assets 323921.6 347640.0 411661.7 480092.2 26097.5 1/ 8.1 60504.8 2/ 14.7

2.1. Domestic Credit 437269.8 462273.2 553632.5 608505.2 25003.4 5.7 54872.7 9.9

a. Net Claims on Govt. 87079.6 70746.6 104867.7 91829.2 -16333.0 -18.8 -13038.5 -12.4

i. Claims on Govt. 91026.0 93340.7 104867.7 95252.8 2314.7 2.5 -9615.0 -9.2
ii. Govt. Deposits 3946.4 22594.1 0.0 3423.6 18647.7 472.5 3423.6 -
b. Claims on Non-Financial Govt. Ent. 5646.5 5995.6 5092.4 5690.7 349.1 6.2 598.3 11.7

c. Claims on Financial Institutions 4709.5 6861.8 7559.2 7380.8 2152.3 45.7 -178.4 -2.4

i. Government 1670.5 1524.2 1376.1 1364.6 -146.2 -8.8 -11.5 -0.8

ii. Non-government 3039.1 5337.6 6183.1 6016.2 2298.5 75.6 -166.9 -2.7
d. Claims on Private Sector 339834.2 378669.1 436113.2 503604.5 38835.0 11.4 67491.3 15.5

2.2. Net Non-monetary Liabilities 113348.2 114633.2 141970.8 128413.0 -1094.2 1/ -1.0 -5632.1 2/ -4.0

3. Broad Money (M2) 495377.1 550007.8 632745.3 673460.2 54630.7 11.0 40714.9 6.4
3.1. Money Supply (M1) 154343.9 168512.8 196460.8 206512.3 14168.8 9.2 10051.4 5.1

a. Currency 100175.2 112924.7 125760.0 137345.5 12749.4 12.7 11585.5 9.2


b. Demand Deposits 54168.7 55588.1 70700.8 69166.8 1419.4 2.6 -1534.1 -2.2

3.2. Time Deposits 341033.2 381495.0 436284.5 466947.9 40461.8 11.9 30663.5 7.0

4. Broad Money Liquidity (M3) 529606.2 595290.5 684540.1 721316.7 65684.4 12.4 36776.6 5.4
Reserve Money 144591.6 153770.7 195574.8 196102.2 9179.1 6.3 527.4 0.3

Money Multiplier (M1) 1.067 1.096 1.005 1.053 0.0 2.7 0.0 4.8

Money Multiplier (M2) 3.426 3.577 3.235 3.434 0.2 4.4 0.2 6.1

1/ Adjusting the exchange valuation gain of Rs. 2379.19 million.

2/ Adjusting the exchange valuation loss of Rs 7925.74 million.


e = estimates., P=Provisional
Table 2
Monetary Authorities' Account
Rs in million
Changes in the First Six Months of
2008 2009 2009 2010 2008/09 2009/10
Jul Jan Jul (p) Jan (e) Amount % Amount %
1. Foreign Assets 170314.2 199872.7 224745.6 197372.0 29558.4 17.4 -27373.6 -12.2
1.1 Gold 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -
1.2 SDR Holdings 630.6 654.4 555.3 6489.8 23.7 3.8 5934.4 1068.6
1.3 Reserve Position in the Fund 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -
1.4 Foreign Exchange 169683.6 199218.3 224190.3 190882.2 29534.7 17.4 -33308.0 -14.9
2. Claims on Government 18925.8 19782.3 32918.6 31202.3 856.5 4.5 -1716.3 -5.2
2.1 Treasury Bills 17555.9 18240.3 22173.5 29067.0 684.4 3.9 6893.5 31.1
2.2 Development Bonds 6.9 6.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -
2.3 Other Govt. Papers 1362.9 1535.1 0.0 2135.3 172.2 12.6 2135.3 -
2.4 Loans and Advances 0.0 0.0 8835.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 -8835.8 -100.0
3. Claims on Non-Financial Govt. Ent. 11.0 11.0 11.4 16.4 0.0 0.0 5.0 43.7
4. Claims on Financial Institutions 464.1 345.7 230.4 146.1 -118.4 -25.5 -84.3 -36.6
4.1 Government 432.1 313.7 198.4 114.1 -118.4 -27.4 -84.3 -42.5
4.2 Non-government 32.0 32.0 32.0 32.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
5. Claims on Banks 660.7 3150.0 0.0 16812.9 2489.3 376.8 16812.9 -
5.1 Refinance 60.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 -60.7 -100.0 0.0 -
5.2 Repo Lending 600.0 3150.0 0.0 16812.9 2550.0 425.0 16812.9 -
6. Claims on Private Sector 3053.2 3127.3 3441.7 3271.3 74.1 2.4 -170.4 -5.0
7. Other Assets 19020.8 20574.7 20980.7 21919.4 1553.8 8.2 938.8 4.5
Assets = Liabilities 212449.8 246863.6 282328.4 270740.5 34413.8 16.2 -11587.9 -4.1
8. Reserve Money 144591.6 153770.7 195574.8 196102.2 9179.1 6.3 527.4 0.3
8.1 Currency Outside Banks 100175.2 112924.7 125760.0 137345.5 12749.4 12.7 11585.5 9.2
8.2 Currency Held by Commercial Banks 12651.9 11116.8 15014.6 16319.9 -1535.1 -12.1 1305.4 8.7
8.3 Deposits of Commercial Banks 23857.3 23488.1 45848.7 34226.5 -369.1 -1.5 -11622.2 -25.3
8.4 Other Deposits 7907.3 6241.1 8951.6 8210.3 -1666.1 -21.1 -741.2 -8.3
9. Govt. Deposits 3946.4 22594.1 0.0 3423.6 18647.7 472.5 3423.6 -
10. Foreign Liabilities 5657.6 5904.3 5991.8 5563.7 246.7 4.4 -428.0 -7.1
10.1 Foreign Deposits 6.7 3.5 3.3 3.2 -3.2 -47.6 -0.1 -2.4
10.2 PRGF 5650.8 5900.8 5988.5 5560.5 249.9 4.4 -428.0 -7.1
11. Capital and Reserve 35730.6 40560.4 46708.2 45906.8 4829.8 13.5 -801.5 -1.7
12. Other Liabilities 22523.6 24034.0 34053.6 19744.2 1510.5 6.7 -14309.4 -42.0
NFA 164656.6 193968.4 218753.8 191808.3 27011.9 1/ 16.4 -18936.7 2/ -8.7
NDA -20065.0 -40197.6 -23179.0 4294.0 -17832.8 1/ 88.9 19464.1 2/ -84.0
Other Items, net 39233.4 44019.7 59781.2 43731.5 2486.6 1/ 6.3 -8040.7 2/ -13.5
1/ Adjusting the exchange valuation gain of Rs. 2299.78 million.
2/ Adjusting the exchange valuation loss of Rs. 8008.91 million.
e=estimates, p = provisional
Table 3
Factors Affecting Reserve Money
Rs in million
Changes in the First Six Months of
2008 2009 2009 2010
Heads 2008/09 2009/10
Jul Jan Jul (e) Jan (e) Amount Percent Amount Percent
1. Net Foreign Assets 164656.6 193968.4 218753.8 191808.3 27011.9 1/ 16.4 -18936.7 2/ -8.7
a. Foreign Assets 170314.2 199872.7 224745.6 197372.0 29558.4 17.4 -27373.6 -12.2
b. Foreign Liabilities 5657.6 5904.3 5991.8 5563.7 246.7 4.4 -428.0 -7.1
2. Net Domestic Assets -20065.0 -40197.6 -23179.0 4294.0 -17832.8 1/ 88.9 19464.1 2/ -84.0
2.1 Domestic Credit 19168.3 3822.1 36602.2 48025.5 -15346.2 -80.1 11423.3 31.2
a. Claims on Govt.,Net 14979.4 -2811.8 32918.6 27778.7 -17791.2 -118.8 -5139.9 -15.6
Claims on Govt. 18925.8 19782.3 32918.6 31202.3 856.5 4.5 -1716.3 -5.2
Govt. Deposits 3946.4 22594.1 0.0 3423.6 18647.7 472.5 3423.6 -
b. Claims on Govt. Ent. 443.1 324.7 209.9 130.5 -118.4 -26.7 -79.3 -37.8
c. Claims on Non-Gov Fin.Ent 32.0 32.0 32.0 32.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
d. Claims on Banks 660.7 3150.0 0.0 16812.9 2489.3 376.8 16812.9 -
e. Claims on Pvt. Sector 3053.2 3127.3 3441.7 3271.3 74.1 2.4 -170.4 -5.0
2.2 Other Items, Net 39233.4 44019.7 59781.2 43731.5 2486.6 1/ 6.3 -8040.7 2/ -13.5
3. Reserve Money 144591.6 153770.7 195574.8 196102.2 9179.1 6.3 527.4 0.3
a. Currency Outside NRB 112827.1 124041.5 140774.5 153665.4 11214.4 9.9 12890.8 9.2
b. Deposits of Com. Banks 23857.3 23488.1 45848.7 34226.5 -369.1 -1.5 -11622.2 -25.3
c. Other Deposits 7907.3 6241.1 8951.6 8210.3 -1666.1 -21.1 -741.2 -8.3
4. Reserve Money (Use) 144591.6 153770.7 195574.8 196102.2 9179.1 6.3 527.4 0.3
5. Govt Deposits/Overdraft* -3946.4 -22594.1 8835.8 -3423.6
e = estimates., P=Provisional
*Government deposits(-)/Overdraft(+)
1/ Adjusting the exchange valuation gain of Rs. 2299.78 million.
2/ Adjusting the exchange valuation loss of Rs. 8008.91 million.
Table 4
Condensed Assets and Liabilities of Commercial Banks
Rs in million
Changes in the First Six Months of
2008 2009 2009 2010 2008/09 2009/10
Jul Jan Jul (p) Jan (e) Amount % Amount %
1. Total Deposits 421523.7 476124.8 549828.5 575760.8 54601.1 13.0 25932.3 4.7
1.1. Demand Deposits 54124.4 59301.1 69489.5 73688.1 5176.8 9.6 4198.5 6.0
a. Domestic Deposits 46261.5 49347.0 61749.3 60956.4 3085.5 6.7 -792.8 -1.3
b. Foreign Deposits 7862.9 9954.1 7740.3 12731.6 2091.2 26.6 4991.3 64.5
1.2. Saving Deposits 211406.4 241327.0 259872.4 270726.7 29920.6 14.2 10854.3 4.2
a. Domestic Deposits 203771.0 232817.0 250300.9 262866.1 29046.1 14.3 12565.1 5.0
b. Foreign Deposits 7635.5 8510.0 9571.5 7860.7 874.5 11.5 -1710.8 -17.9
1.3. Fixed Deposits 152364.3 171578.1 216006.1 226370.6 19213.8 12.6 10364.5 4.8
a. Domestic Deposits 133633.6 144759.5 181523.1 199106.5 11125.9 8.3 17583.3 9.7
b. Foreign Deposits 18730.7 26818.6 34483.0 27264.2 8087.9 43.2 -7218.8 -20.9
1.4. Margin Deposits 3628.6 3918.5 4460.4 4975.4 289.9 8.0 515.1 11.5
2. Borrowings from Rastra Bank 660.7 3150.0 0.0 16812.9 2489.3 376.8 16812.9 -
3. Foreign Liabilities 1912.0 1591.9 1670.8 537.0 -320.1 -16.7 -1133.7 -67.9
4. Other Liabilities 124993.9 137996.3 154367.2 171571.8 13002.4 10.4 17204.5 11.1
4.1 Paid-up Capital 31750.3 34189.9 40738.3 44176.4 2439.6 7.7 3438.1 8.4
4.2 General Reserves 3529.9 8318.5 13359.5 19639.5 4788.6 135.7 6280.1 47.0
4.3 Other Liabilities 89713.7 95487.8 100269.5 107755.9 5774.2 6.4 7486.4 7.5
5. Assets = Liabilities 549090.2 618863.0 705866.5 764682.5 69772.7 12.7 58816.1 8.3
6. Liquid Funds 79010.5 90821.4 116107.5 100857.8 11810.9 14.9 -15249.7 -13.1
6.1. Cash in Hand 12651.9 11116.8 15014.6 16319.9 -1535.1 -12.1 1305.4 8.7
6.2. Balance with Rastra Bank 23857.3 23488.1 45848.7 34226.5 -369.1 -1.5 -11622.2 -25.3
6.3. Foreign Currency in Hand 358.8 675.6 824.8 839.1 316.8 88.3 14.3 1.7
6.4. Balance Held Abroad 41100.6 53129.9 53409.3 48302.5 12029.3 29.3 -5106.8 -9.6
6.5. Cash in Transit 1042.0 2410.9 1010.2 1169.8 1369.0 131.4 159.6 15.8
7. Loans and Advances 420242.6 463069.6 518591.5 578104.3 42827.1 10.2 59512.7 11.5
7.1. Claims on Government 72100.2 73558.4 71949.1 64050.5 1458.2 2.0 -7898.7 -11.0
7.2. Claims on Non-Financial Govt. Ent. 5635.5 5984.6 5080.9 5674.2 349.1 6.2 593.3 11.7
7.3. Claims on Financial Ent. 4245.4 6516.1 7328.8 7234.7 2270.7 53.5 -94.0 -1.3
a. Government 1238.4 1210.6 1177.7 1250.5 -27.8 -2.2 72.9 6.2
b. Non Government 3007.1 5305.6 6151.1 5984.2 2298.5 76.4 -166.9 -2.7
7.4 Claims on Private Sector 336781.0 375541.9 432671.5 500333.2 38760.9 11.5 67661.7 15.6
a. Principal 307272.1 345647.0 404432.0 471414.1 38374.9 12.5 66982.1 16.6
b. Interest Accrued 29508.9 29894.9 28239.5 28919.1 386.0 1.3 679.6 2.4
7.5. Foreign Bills Purchased & Discounted 1480.5 1468.6 1561.2 811.7 -11.9 -0.8 -749.6 -48.0
8. Other Assets 49837.1 64971.9 71167.4 85720.5 15134.8 30.4 14553.1 20.4

Credit Deposit Ratio 82.6 81.8 81.2 89.3


Liquidity Deposit Ratio 35.8 34.5 34.2 28.6
NFA 6798.9 8399.5 2329.8 1559.8 1521.2 1/ 22.4 -852.3 2/ -36.6
NDA 380495.8 422442.5 495703.9 526344.6 42026.1 1/ 11.0 30723.0 2/ 6.2
Other Items, net 74114.8 70613.5 82189.7 84681.5 -3580.7 1/ -4.8 2409.5 2/ 2.9
Total Domestic Deposit 387294.7 430842.0 498033.7 527904.4 43547.4 11.2 29870.6 6.0
Total Foreign Deposits 34229.1 45282.7 51794.7 47856.4 11053.7 32.3 -3938.3 -7.6
1/ Adjusting the exchange valuation gain of Rs. 79.4 million.
2/ Adjusting the exchange valuation gain of Rs 82.3 million
e = estimates., P=Provisional
Table 5
Deposit Details of Commercial Banks
Rs in million
Changes in the First Six Months of
2008 2009 2009 2010 2008/09 2009/10
Heads Jul Jan Jul Jan Amount Percent Amount Percent
1. Foreign Deposits 33509.7 44804.4 51257.8 46962.5 11294.7 33.71 -4295.4 -8.38
2. Village Development Committees 1002.7 876.3 1368.7 1167.8 -126.4 -12.61 -200.9 -14.68
3. Financial Institutions 67863.9 63910.2 85010.6 81767.1 -3953.6 -5.83 -3243.6 -3.82
3.1 Deposit collection Institution 20509.8 19274.4 25452.4 22553.6 -1235.4 -6.02 -2898.7 -11.39
3.2 Non-Deposit Financial Institutions 42420.7 39833.3 54016.7 53125.8 -2587.4 -6.10 -890.9 -1.65
a. Insurance Companies 16987.6 14538.6 16582.8 18154.8 -2448.9 -14.42 1572.0 9.48
b. Employees Provident Fund 16968.8 18228.8 18644.8 21151.1 1260.0 7.43 2506.3 13.44
c. Citizen Investment Trust 4107.6 3631.8 10805.4 5891.4 -475.8 -11.58 -4914.0 -45.48
d. Others 4356.7 3434.1 7983.8 7928.4 -922.6 -21.18 -55.3 -0.69
3.3 Other Financial Institutions 4223.3 3910.8 5064.5 5276.7 -312.5 -7.40 212.2 4.19
4. Govt Corporations 37076.3 41598.4 38993.3 41339.9 4522.1 12.20 2346.6 6.02
5. Non Govt Corporations 27694.0 28605.8 36186.7 48446.0 911.8 3.29 12259.2 33.88
6. Inter Bank deposits 4555.0 3365.2 12856.1 8815.4 -1189.9 -26.12 -4040.8 -31.43
7. Non Profit Organisations 13923.2 13023.8 18845.0 20604.4 -899.4 -6.46 1759.4 9.34
8. Individuals 227481.8 264737.2 303560.3 317291.2 37255.5 16.38 13730.9 4.52
9. Miscellaneous 8624.2 14171.4 9673.7 12476.9 5547.2 64.32 2803.2 28.98
Total* 421730.8 475092.8 557752.3 578870.9 53362.0 12.65 21118.6 3.79

* Total deposits includes current, saving and fixed deposits but excludes margin deposits
Table 6
Sectorwise Credit Flows of Commercial Banks
Rs. in million
2008 2009 2009 2010 Changes in the First Six Months of
Headings July Jan July Jan 2008/09 2009/10
Amt % Amt %
1 Agriculture 13880.2 14262.6 13376.3 14788.2 382.4 2.8 1411.9 10.6
1.1 Farming /Farming Service 825.7 725.6 746.1 931.7 -100.1 -12.1 185.5 24.9
1.2 Tea 714.7 669.4 721.4 717.8 -45.3 -6.3 -3.7 -0.5
1.3 Animals Farming/Service 896.7 890.8 769.2 1048.3 -5.9 -0.7 279.1 36.3
1.4 Forest, Fish Farming, Shlauter 32.5 69.0 56.1 75.1 36.6 112.5 19.0 33.8
1.5 Other Agriculture & Agricultural Services 11410.6 11907.7 11083.4 12015.3 497.0 4.4 931.9 8.4
2 Mines 1955.0 1988.7 1709.4 2162.2 33.7 1.7 452.9 26.5
2.1 Metals (Iron, Lead etc.) 1183.2 1426.4 1062.4 1220.0 243.1 20.5 157.6 14.8
2.2 Charcoal 27.4 52.6 54.0 62.9 25.2 92.2 8.9 16.5
2.3 Graphite 101.7 144.6 116.4 56.8 42.9 42.2 -59.6 -51.2
2.4 Magnesite 13.8 16.1 18.4 13.9 2.3 16.8 -4.5 -24.4
2.5 Chalks 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.8 0.0 -0.5 0.2 4.9
2.6 Oil & Gas Extraction 506.5 170.4 173.8 312.5 -336.1 -66.4 138.7 79.8
2.7 About Mines Others 119.0 175.2 280.7 492.2 56.2 47.2 211.5 75.4
3 Productions 74889.8 80600.6 87878.0 96305.4 5710.8 7.6 8427.4 9.6
3.1 Food Production ( Packing, Processing) 15366.5 14586.2 17877.2 19437.2 -780.4 -5.1 1560.0 8.7
3.2 Sugar 1268.2 1151.4 1787.7 4011.3 -116.8 -9.2 2223.6 124.4
3.3 Drinking Materials (Bear, Alcohol, Soda etc) 2367.0 2572.3 2357.0 2937.0 205.2 8.7 580.0 24.6
3.3.1 Alcohol 1242.4 1595.0 1531.4 1952.2 352.5 28.4 420.8 27.5
3.3.2 Non-Alcohol 1124.6 977.3 825.7 984.9 -147.3 -13.1 159.2 19.3
3.4 Tobaco 98.1 201.8 259.4 54.9 103.7 105.6 -204.4 -78.8
3.5 Handicrafts 1079.4 1618.5 2017.2 2469.5 539.1 49.9 452.3 22.4
3.6 Sunpat 541.9 558.6 505.0 278.7 16.7 3.1 -226.4 -44.8
3.7 Textile Production & Ready Made Clothings 8771.5 9166.2 8282.2 8398.9 394.7 4.5 116.7 1.4
3.8 Loging & Timber Production / Furniture 1570.9 1609.8 1827.1 532.1 38.9 2.5 -1294.9 -70.9
3.9 Paper 2002.2 2056.3 1976.6 2050.8 54.2 2.7 74.1 3.8
3.10 Printing & Publishing 1251.2 1995.0 2258.9 2771.6 743.8 59.5 512.7 22.7
3.11 Industrial & Agricultural 2706.4 2886.4 3501.2 295.0 180.0 6.7 -3206.2 -91.6
3.12 Medicine 3036.5 2865.4 3630.0 3802.6 -171.1 -5.6 172.6 4.8
3.13 Processed Oil & Charcoal Production 2000.3 1509.0 2218.5 1753.7 -491.3 -24.6 -464.8 -20.9
3.14 Rasin & Tarpin 124.5 98.0 112.7 375.4 -26.5 -21.3 262.7 233.1
3.15 Rubber Tyre 214.4 221.0 235.9 230.2 6.5 3.1 -5.8 -2.4
3.16 Leather 928.8 850.8 1016.6 914.9 -78.0 -8.4 -101.8 -10.0
3.17 Plastic 3980.0 4294.2 4709.7 5223.3 314.3 7.9 513.6 10.9
3.18 Cement 3073.6 3650.1 4163.5 5511.6 576.5 18.8 1348.1 32.4
3.19 Stone, Soil & Lead Production 1749.1 1952.5 1892.6 2442.2 203.4 11.6 549.6 29.0
3.20 Metals - Basic Iron & Steel Plants 11543.5 13965.4 13388.3 17658.6 2421.9 21.0 4270.2 31.9
3.21 Metals - Other Plants 2025.4 2767.5 2724.8 3424.9 742.1 36.6 700.2 25.7
3.22 Miscellaneous Productions 9190.2 10024.2 11135.8 11730.9 834.0 9.1 595.0 5.3
4 Construction 32368.8 37290.5 44867.0 48944.1 4921.7 15.2 4077.1 9.1
4.1 Residential 26411.1 29495.0 34958.0 36840.2 3083.8 11.7 1882.2 5.4
4.2 Non Residential 4011.0 5675.9 6908.7 6220.7 1664.9 41.5 -688.0 -10.0
4.3 Heavy Constructions (Highway, Bridges etc) 1946.7 2119.6 3000.3 5883.2 173.0 8.9 2883.0 96.1
5 Metal Productions,Machinary & Electrical Tools & fitting
5069.4 5600.2 6534.6 7340.4 530.8 10.5 805.7 12.3
5.1 Fabricated Metal Equipments 1673.3 1421.8 1117.3 1016.8 -251.5 -15.0 -100.6 -9.0
5.2 Machine Tools 194.6 259.7 270.6 248.0 65.1 33.4 -22.7 -8.4
5.3 Machinary - Agricultural 65.6 50.9 311.2 62.2 -14.7 -22.4 -249.1 -80.0
5.4 Machinary - Construction, Oil, Mines 26.4 229.7 408.6 999.9 203.3 769.0 591.4 144.7
5.5 Machinary - Office & Computing 143.9 163.0 149.1 295.3 19.1 13.3 146.2 98.1
5.6 Machinary - Others 106.2 162.4 398.7 457.3 56.1 52.8 58.6 14.7
5.7 Electrical Equipments 1062.1 1162.6 1409.4 1444.8 100.5 9.5 35.4 2.5
5.8 Home Equipments 755.5 842.4 851.7 651.1 86.9 11.5 -200.7 -23.6
5.9 Communications Equipments 50.6 89.5 153.5 530.9 39.0 77.0 377.5 246.0
5.10 Electronic Parts 246.8 213.7 389.1 512.8 -33.1 -13.4 123.8 31.8
5.11 Medical Equipments 178.9 271.9 264.1 316.9 93.0 52.0 52.8 20.0
5.13 Turbines 565.3 732.5 800.5 760.8 167.2 29.6 -39.7 -5.0
6 Transportation Equipment Production & Fitting 4340.2 5794.2 6977.7 9144.8 1454.0 33.5 2167.1 31.1
6.1 Vehicles,Vehicle Parts 3809.7 5129.3 6234.5 6785.8 1319.6 34.6 551.3 8.8
6.2 Jet Boat 4.1 0.0 0.0 8.5 -4.1 -100.0 8.5 -
6.3 Aircraft & Aircraft Parts 361.7 419.7 451.4 1077.4 58.1 16.1 626.0 138.7
6.4 Other Parts about Transportation 164.7 245.2 291.7 1273.1 80.5 48.9 981.3 336.4
7 Transportation, Communications & Public Services16129.3 17845.6 18432.8 19623.0 1716.3 10.6 1190.2 6.5
7.1 Railways & Passengers Vehicles 2893.5 3190.9 3819.0 4658.0 297.4 10.3 839.1 22.0
7.2 Truck Services & Store Arrangements 1722.9 2043.7 2504.6 3084.5 320.8 18.6 579.8 23.2
7.3 Water Transportation 16.1 41.0 90.6 1.0 24.9 154.8 -89.6 -98.9
7.4 Pipe Lines Except Natural Gas 29.9 9.9 0.0 0.0 -20.0 -66.9 0.0 -
7.5 Communications 2506.2 2330.7 1527.3 21.0 -175.5 -7.0 -1506.3 -98.6
7.6 Electricity 2670.3 3162.6 2765.7 3787.9 492.3 18.4 1022.2 37.0
7.7 Gas & Gas Pipe Line Services 406.0 657.9 762.1 956.3 251.9 62.0 194.2 25.5
7.8 Other Services 5884.5 6408.8 6963.5 7114.3 524.4 8.9 150.7 2.2
8 Wholesaler & Retailers 55732.9 59587.4 68808.3 85635.2 3854.5 6.9 16826.9 24.5
8.1 Wholesale Business - Durable Commodities 23730.7 24227.5 28104.0 33479.0 496.8 2.1 5375.0 19.1
8.2 Wholesale Business - Non Durable Commodities 8661.7 9187.6 10744.2 11874.1 525.8 6.1 1129.9 10.5
8.3 Automative Dealer/ Franchise 5063.5 5813.1 6574.5 9649.0 749.6 14.8 3074.6 46.8
8.4 Other Retail Business 9926.7 10679.9 12539.2 17775.8 753.2 7.6 5236.6 41.8
8.5 Import Business 7266.9 8704.3 9859.7 11906.0 1437.4 19.8 2046.3 20.8
8.6 Export Business 1083.3 975.0 986.8 951.3 -108.3 -10.0 -35.5 -3.6
9 Finance, Insurance & Fixed Assets 24913.5 30538.1 38882.7 53803.5 5624.7 22.6 14920.9 38.4
9.1 Commercial Banks 531.8 50.1 63.4 67.1 -481.8 -90.6 3.7 5.8
9.2 Finance Companies 1555.9 1869.0 1320.1 606.6 313.1 20.1 -713.5 -54.0
9.3 Development Banks 1925.3 1111.8 788.7 986.1 -813.5 -42.3 197.4 25.0
9.4 Rural Development Banks 2790.7 2885.8 3656.9 4276.2 95.1 3.4 619.3 16.9
9.5 Saving & Debt Cooperatives 366.1 351.6 572.8 371.0 -14.5 -4.0 -201.8 -35.2
9.6 Pension Fund & Insurance Companies 74.0 128.4 921.7 877.6 54.5 73.7 -44.2 -4.8
9.7 Other Financial Institutions 2069.8 2030.6 2208.2 1975.3 -39.2 -1.9 -232.9 -10.5
9.8 Local Government ( VDC/Municipality/DDC) 22.4 54.8 0.0 0.0 32.5 145.1 0.0 -
9.9 Non Financial Government Institutions 1674.3 1529.1 1355.3 1491.4 -145.2 -8.7 136.1 10.0
9.10 Private Non Financial Institutions 680.5 902.1 1277.1 1236.1 221.6 32.6 -41.1 -3.2
9.11 Real Estates 10734.1 17191.1 24766.0 38941.0 6457.0 60.2 14175.1 57.2
9.12 Other Investment Instutions 2488.6 2433.7 1952.5 2975.2 -55.0 -2.2 1022.7 52.4
10 Service Industries 21163.3 22911.2 23357.8 27166.7 1747.9 8.3 3808.8 16.3
10.1 Tourism (Treaking, Mountaining, Resort, Rafting, 3434.3
Camping etc3306.4 1473.5 1825.7 -127.8 -3.7 352.3 23.9
10.2 Hotel 4339.9 4902.3 4858.6 5776.9 562.4 13.0 918.3 18.9
10.3 Advertising Agency 149.4 112.6 155.4 331.7 -36.7 -24.6 176.3 113.4
10.4 Automotive Services 250.2 239.7 272.9 288.9 -10.5 -4.2 15.9 5.8
10.5 Health Services 252.8 195.2 422.9 2832.9 -57.6 -22.8 2410.0 569.9
10.6 Hospitals, Clinic etc 2727.4 2946.9 3338.3 477.3 219.5 8.0 -2861.0 -85.7
10.7 Educational Services 4661.9 4852.8 5640.2 6879.8 190.9 4.1 1239.7 22.0
10.8 Entertainment, Recreation, Films 914.2 1060.5 920.9 1528.5 146.2 16.0 607.6 66.0
10.9 Other Service companies 4433.3 5294.8 6275.2 7224.9 861.5 19.4 949.7 15.1
11 Consumable Loan 9437.1 11413.1 14716.2 18763.4 1975.9 20.9 4047.2 27.5
11.1 Gold, Silver 5326.4 7032.8 7973.1 9115.5 1706.4 32.0 1142.4 14.3
11.2 Fixed A/c Receipt 1057.1 1281.1 1465.0 3004.4 223.9 21.2 1539.4 105.1
11.3 Guarantee Bond 2810.0 2790.7 4977.1 6268.7 -19.3 -0.7 1291.6 25.9
11.4 Credit Card 243.6 308.5 301.0 374.8 64.9 26.6 73.9 24.5
12 Local Government 0.0 0.0 1972.4 2974.7 0.0 - 1002.4 50.8
13 Others 46656.3 56245.6 74264.8 82907.7 9589.3 20.6 8642.9 11.6
Total (1 to 13) 306535.7 344077.8 401778.0 469559.3 37542.0 12.2 67781.3 16.9
Table 7
Securitywise Credit Flows of Ccommercial Banks
Rs. in million
2008 2009 2009 2010 Changes in the First Six Months of
Headings Jul Jan Jul Jan 2008/09 2009/10
Amount % Amount %
1 Gold/Silver 4069.5 4729.7 6396.0 8243.4 660.2 16.2 1847.4 28.9
2 Government Securities 2857.1 2240.1 2949.3 3539.5 -617.0 -21.6 590.2 20.0
3 Non Government Securities 5017.7 5551.7 5420.5 6774.2 534.0 10.6 1353.6 25.0
4 Fixed A/c Receipt 5750.8 4821.8 5295.7 7796.6 -929.0 -16.2 2500.9 47.2
4.1 On Own Bank 2459.6 2316.7 3296.0 6270.5 -142.9 -5.8 2974.5 90.2
4.2 On Other Banks 3291.2 2505.0 1999.7 1526.1 -786.2 -23.9 -473.6 -23.7
5 Asset Guarantee 259845.7 294044.6 344977.2 398988.5 34198.9 13.2 54011.3 15.7
5.1 Fixed Assets 215808.1 246631.6 291792.3 327993.7 30823.4 14.3 36201.4 12.4
5.1.1 Lands & Buildings 184555.7 208683.4 246825.2 270017.6 24127.7 13.1 23192.4 9.4
5.1.2 Machinary & Tools 5169.6 6835.1 7933.0 9954.4 1665.6 32.2 2021.3 25.5
5.1.3 Furniture & Fixture 353.9 287.4 303.1 1914.2 -66.6 -18.8 1611.1 531.5
5.1.4 Vehicles 20423.2 24579.1 29048.7 34426.0 4155.9 20.3 5377.3 18.5
5.1.5 Other Fixed Assets 5305.7 6246.5 7682.3 11681.6 940.8 17.7 3999.3 52.1
5.2 Current Assets 44037.6 47413.1 53184.9 70994.8 3375.4 7.7 17809.9 33.5
5.2.1 Agricultural Products 3190.2 3167.4 3684.0 5359.2 -22.8 -0.7 1675.1 45.5
5.2.1.1 Rice 1341.5 1239.6 1637.6 1792.9 -101.9 -7.6 155.3 9.5
5.2.1.2 Raw Jute 118.5 152.6 204.3 146.5 34.1 28.8 -57.8 -28.3
5.2.1.3 Other Agricultural Products 1730.2 1775.2 1842.1 3419.8 45.0 2.6 1577.6 85.6
5.2.2 Other Non Agricultural Products 40847.4 44245.6 49500.8 65635.6 3398.2 8.3 16134.8 32.6
5.2.2.1 Raw Materials 7921.6 8426.5 8356.1 13402.3 504.9 6.4 5046.3 60.4
5.2.2.2 Semi Ready Made Goods 1624.9 1505.3 1442.4 2027.5 -119.6 -7.4 585.1 40.6
5.2.2.3 Readymade Goods 31301.0 34313.9 39702.3 50205.7 3012.9 9.6 10503.4 26.5
5.2.2.3.1 Salt, Sugar, Ghee, Oil 3035.8 3695.8 3465.5 5235.9 659.9 21.7 1770.4 51.1
5.2.2.3.2 Clothing 1590.7 1499.5 1358.0 1750.4 -91.2 -5.7 392.5 28.9
5.2.2.3.3 Other Goods 26674.4 29118.6 34878.9 43219.4 2444.1 9.2 8340.5 23.9
6 On Bills Guarantee 7183.9 7862.7 7394.4 7179.1 678.9 9.4 -215.3 -2.9
6.1 Domestic Bills 506.0 490.0 717.0 1307.9 -16.0 -3.2 590.9 82.4
6.2 Foreign Bills 6677.8 7372.7 6677.4 5871.2 694.9 10.4 -806.2 -12.1
6.2.1 Import Bill & Letter of Credit 5206.7 5232.7 4859.8 4449.2 26.0 0.5 -410.6 -8.4
6.2.2 Export Bill 1018.3 1304.9 784.5 623.1 286.6 28.1 -161.5 -20.6
6.2.3 Against Export Bill 244.5 283.8 402.7 331.3 39.3 16.1 -71.4 -17.7
6.2.4 Other Foreign Bills 208.4 551.3 630.5 467.7 343.0 164.6 -162.8 -25.8
7 Guarantee 8959.9 8689.1 7648.7 8964.8 -270.8 -3.0 1316.2 17.2
7.1 Government Guarantee 403.6 557.9 1286.1 2298.6 154.3 38.2 1012.4 78.7
7.2 Institutional Guarantee 4802.2 4556.8 3811.6 3733.0 -245.4 -5.1 -78.6 -2.1
7.3 Personal Guarantee 1477.6 1382.6 511.2 760.2 -95.0 -6.4 249.0 48.7
7.4 Group Guarantee 146.4 157.0 19.1 36.2 10.6 7.2 17.1 89.2
7.5 On Other Guarantee 2130.0 2034.8 2020.6 2136.9 -95.2 -4.5 116.3 5.8
8 Credit Card 239.8 309.8 299.7 272.0 70.0 29.2 -27.7 -9.2
9 Earthquake Victim Loan 34.1 26.3 18.4 0.0 -7.8 -22.9 -18.4 -100.0
10 Others 12577.2 15801.8 21377.6 27801.3 3224.7 25.6 6423.6 30.0
Total 306535.7 344077.8 401777.5 469559.3 37542.0 12.2 67781.8 16.9
Table 8
Claims on Government Enterprises
Rs in million
Changes in the First Six Months of
Name of Corporation 2008 2009 2009 2010 2008/09 2009/10
Jul Jan Jul Jan Amount Percent Amount Percent
1. Industrial 374.7 541.1 506.5 532.2 166.5 44.4 25.7 5.1
1.6 Janakpur Cigaratte Factory Ltd. 27.6 335.9 340.2 305.7 308.3 1117.1 -34.5 -10.2
1.9 Royal Drugs LTd. 65.1 65.1 69.7 69.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
1.12 Himal Cement Company 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
1.15 Others 266.3 124.5 81.0 140.3 -141.9 -53.3 59.3 73.2
2 Trading 3099.3 3123.4 1857.3 1578.4 24.0 0.8 -278.9 -15.0
2.3 National Trading Ltd. 747.7 349.9 479.3 94.2 -397.9 -53.2 -385.1 -80.3
2.4 Nepal Food Corporation 387.2 69.5 316.8 366.6 -317.7 -82.1 49.7 15.7
2.5 Nepal Oil Corporation 1069.7 1299.7 0.0 0.0 230.0 21.5 0.0 -
2.7 Others 894.7 1404.3 1061.1 870.1 509.6 57.0 -191.0 -18.0
3 Financial 965.8 921.1 909.0 979.2 -44.7 -4.6 70.2 7.7
3.1 Agriculture Development Bank 50.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -50.0 -100.0 0.0 -
3.9 Others 915.8 921.1 909.0 753.6 5.3 0.6 -155.4 -17.1
4 Service Oriented 232.8 409.6 488.0 259.4 176.8 75.9 -228.7 -46.9
4.5 Nepal Airlines Corporation 232.8 409.6 440.0 167.9 176.8 75.9 -272.2 -61.9
4.8 Others 0.0 0.0 48.0 91.5 0.0 0.0 43.5 90.6
5 Other Government Corporations 1134.6 1270.6 1275.9 2558.3 136.0 12.0 1282.4 100.5
5.2 Gorakhapatra Corporation 4.0 14.1 5.9 502.8 10.0 248.4 496.9 8352.0
5.3 Janak Educationa Material Center Ltd. 154.2 381.7 658.9 286.2 227.5 147.5 -372.7 -56.6
5.7 Nepal Electricity Authority 690.0 820.0 320.0 779.0 130.0 18.8 459.0 143.4
5.10 Others 286.4 54.8 291.1 990.3 -231.5 -80.9 699.3 240.2
Total 5807.3 6265.8 5036.7 5907.5 458.6 7.9 870.8 17.3
Financial 965.8 921.1 909.0 979.2 -44.7 -4.6 70.2 7.7
Non-financial 4841.4 5344.7 4127.7 4928.2 503.3 10.4 800.6 19.4
Capitalised Interest 533.0 476.3 533.0 573.4 -56.6 -10.6 40.4 7.6
Financial 4.2 2.9 4.2 6.9 -1.3 -30.7 2.8 66.5
Non-financial 528.8 473.5 528.8 566.4 -55.3 -10.5 37.6 7.1
Table 9
Outright Sale Auction*
Rs. in million
2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10
Mid-Month Wtd. Int. Wtd. Int. Wtd. Int. Wtd. Int. Wtd. Int. Wtd. Int.
Amount Rate (%) Amount Rate (%) Amount Rate (%) Amount Rate (%) Amount Rate (%) Amount Rate (%)
August - 1,440.0 3.47 1,000.0 2.51 - - 3,500.0 4.94 7,440.0 2.17
September - - - 1,250.0 3.06 - - - - - -
October 9,550.0 3.64 2,000.0 3.85 1,020.0 3.38 - - - - - -
November - 300.0 3.02 - - 500.0 3.44 2,000.0 5.20 - -
December - 830.0 1.90 2,620.0 1.59 740.0 4.33 1,960.0 4.95 - -
January 950.0 2.23 - - - - - - - - - -
February - - - - - - - - - -
March - - 470.0 3.74 2,000.0 2.94 2,460.0 4.87 - -
April - - 930.0 4.01 1,010.0 2.54 770.0 4.05 - -
May - - - - 1,300.0 3.37 2,000.0 5.38 - -
June - - 3,390.0 3.50 6,050.0 2.80 3,430.0 5.98 - -
July - - 4,150.0 3.68 2,150.0 4.51 4,950.0 5.65 - -
Total 10,500.0 13,510.0 18,400.0 14,850.0 4.81 7,460.0 - 7,440.0 -
Wtd. Int. Rate = Weighted interest rate.
* Since 2004/05, the outright sale auction of treasury bills has been used as a monetary
instrument which takes place at the initiative of NRB.
Table 10
Outright Purchase Auction*
(Rs. in million)
2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10
Mid-Month Wtd. Int. Wtd. Int. Wtd. Int. Wtd. Int. Wtd. Int. Wtd. Int.
Amount Rate (%) Amount Rate (%) Amount Rate (%) Amount Rate (%) Amount Rate (%) Amount Rate (%)
August - - - - - - - - - - - -
September - - - - - - - - - - - -
October - - 530.0 4.99 - - - - - - - -
November 49.6 2.43 300.0 3.52 - - - - - - - -
December - - - - - - - - - - -
January - - - - - - - - - - 3,381.73 4.51
February 1,072.2 2.29 - - - - - - - -
March 190.0 2.11 - - - - - - - -
April - - - - - - - - - -
May - - - - - - - - - -
June - - - - - - - - - -
July - - - - - - - - - -
Total 1,311.8 830.0 - - - - - - 3,381.73 -
Wtd. Int. Rate = Weighted interest rate.
* Since 2004/05, the outright purchase auction of treasury bills has been used as a monetary
instrument which takes place at the initiative of NRB.
Table 11
Repo Auction*
Rs. in million
Mid-Month 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10
August - - - - - -
September - - - - - -
October - - - - - 1,000.0
November 1,050.0 - - - - 2,000.0
December 1,610.0 - - - - 13,000.0
January - - - 2,000.0 - 23,982.0
February 2,800.0 450.0 - 5,000.0 4,000.0
March 300.0 - - 2,000.0 5,000.0
April - - - - -
May 600.0 - 2,000.0 - -
June - - - - 2,000.0
July 320.0 - - - -
Total 6,680.0 450.0 2,000.0 9,000.0 11,000.0 39,982.0
* Since 2004/05, the repo auction of treasury bills has been used as a monetary
instrument which takes place at the initiative of NRB.

Table 12
Reverse Repo Auction*
Rs. in million
Mid-Month 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10
August - - 2,590.0 - 2,000.0 -
September - - 1,500.0 1,000.0 3,520.0 1,000.0
October 1,500.0 - 1,500.0 4,570.0 - -
November - 500.0 6,150.0 - - -
December - 1,500.0 750.0 - 3,500.0 -
January 2,570.0 2,000.0 1,070.0 - 4,240.0 -
February - 1,000.0 - - -
March - - 500.0 - -
April 1,200.0 1,500.0 - 1,000.0 -
May - - - - -
June - - - - -
July - - 280.0 - -
Total 5,270.0 6,500.0 14,340.0 6,570.0 13,260.0 1,000.0
* Since 2004/05, the reverse repo auction of treasury bills has been used as a monetary
instrument which takes place at the initiative of NRB.
Table 13
Foreign Exchange Intervention*
Rs. in million
2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10
Net Net Net Net Net Net
Mid-Month Purchase Sale Purchase Sale Purchase Sale Purchase Sale Purchase Sale Purchase Sale
Injection Injection Injection Injection Injection Injection
August 1,357.50 - 1,357.50 1,699.84 522.74 1,177.11 6,548.66 - 6,548.66 2,250.71 - 2,250.71 5,574.13 183.84 5,390.29 5,766.10 - 5,766.10
September 2,067.50 - 2,067.50 2,160.84 - 2,160.84 4,746.41 - 4,746.41 4,792.01 400.38 4,391.63 7,770.00 974.74 6,795.26 9,851.09 - 9,851.09
October 3,687.80 - 3,687.80 3,783.86 - 3,783.86 5,593.18 - 5,593.18 7,387.13 - 7,387.13 18,467.03 - 18,467.03 4,561.76 - 4,561.76
November 2,435.07 1,088.43 1,346.64 6,195.49 - 6,195.49 5,134.50 - 5,134.50 6,602.39 - 6,602.39 11,548.76 - 11,548.76 6,372.05 - 6,372.05
December 3,233.32 - 3,233.32 4,826.32 - 4,826.32 6,876.10 - 6,876.10 9,124.41 - 9,124.41 17,492.02 - 17,492.02 7,210.12 - 7,210.12
January 4,718.09 - 4,718.09 4,487.17 131.74 4,355.43 5,420.58 - 5,420.58 5,915.13 - 5,915.13 13,494.70 - 13,494.70 4,258.92 446.76 3,812.16
February 2,090.36 1,750.53 339.83 2,934.97 - 2,934.97 3,363.40 511.49 2,851.92 7,033.14 548.94 6,484.18 12,134.07 - 12,134.07
March 2,120.21 - 2,120.21 5,263.02 - 5,263.02 7,260.27 - 7,260.27 12,834.02 - 12,834.02 11,919.78 - 11,919.78
April 6,237.81 - 6,237.81 3,922.80 - 3,922.80 3,531.87 - 3,531.87 10,993.26 - 10,993.26 10,794.48 - 10,794.48
May 3,808.95 780.34 3,028.61 5,023.75 - 5,023.75 4,500.14 - 4,500.14 10,622.39 - 10,622.39 13,464.80 13,464.80
June 2,288.94 - 2,288.94 9,752.21 - 9,752.21 5,395.53 - 5,395.53 12,503.12 - 12,503.12 9,098.50 377.70 8,720.80
July 3,849.10 - 3,849.10 5,827.24 - 5,827.24 6,596.01 - 6,596.01 13,516.69 215.42 13,301.27 12,276.90 - 12,276.90
Total 37,894.65 3,619.30 34,275.35 55,877.51 654.48 55,223.03 64,966.65 511.49 64,455.16 103,574.40 1,164.74 102,409.66 144,035.17 1,536.28 142,498.89 38,020.04 446.76 37,573.28

* The purchase and sale of foreign exchange takes place at the request (initiative) of commercial banks.
Table 14
Foreign Exchange Intervention*
US$ in million
2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10
Net Net Net Net Net Net
Mid-Month Purchase Sale Purchase Sale Purchase Sale Purchase Sale Purchase Sale Purchase Sale
Injection Injection Injection Injection Injection Injection
August 18.20 - 18.20 24.10 7.40 16.70 87.50 - 87.50 34.55 - 34.55 81.75 2.70 79.05 74.80 - 74.80
September 27.60 - 27.60 30.50 - 30.50 63.85 - 63.85 72.90 6.00 66.90 109.60 13.75 95.85 126.55 - 126.55
October 49.40 - 49.40 53.00 - 53.00 76.25 - 76.25 115.90 - 115.90 245.20 - 245.20 59.80 - 59.80
November 32.90 14.60 18.30 84.35 - 84.35 71.05 - 71.05 104.10 - 104.10 149.53 - 149.53 85.30 - 85.30
December 44.50 - 44.50 65.00 - 65.00 95.85 - 95.85 143.40 - 143.40 219.45 - 219.45 97.00 - 97.00
January 66.20 - 66.20 62.30 1.80 60.50 75.95 - 75.95 93.30 - 93.30 174.50 - 174.50 57.35 6.00 51.35
February 29.50 24.50 5.00 41.20 - 41.20 47.55 7.20 40.35 111.05 8.60 102.45 155.15 - 155.15
March 29.90 - 29.90 73.60 - 73.60 102.50 - 102.50 199.60 - 199.60 147.65 - 147.65
April 88.00 - 88.00 54.70 - 54.70 50.90 - 50.90 170.25 - 170.25 132.60 - 132.60
May 53.90 11.00 42.90 69.25 - 69.25 67.50 - 67.50 164.30 - 164.30 168.90 168.90
June 32.40 - 32.40 133.00 - 133.00 82.75 - 82.75 183.45 - 183.45 119.50 5.00 114.50
July 54.50 - 54.50 78.80 - 78.80 101.30 - 101.30 196.35 3.10 193.25 159.10 - 159.10
Total 527.00 50.10 476.90 769.80 9.20 760.60 922.95 7.20 915.75 1,589.15 17.70 1,571.45 1,862.93 21.45 1,841.48 500.80 6.00 494.80
* The purchase and sale of foreign exchange takes place at the request (initiative) of commercial banks.
Table 15
Indian Currency Purchase
In million
2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10
Mid-Month IC Purchase US$ Sale IC Purchase US$ Sale IC Purchase US$ Sale IC Purchase US$ Sale IC Purchase US$ Sale IC Purchase US$ Sale
August 1,847.36 40.00 2,611.31 60.00 2,334.58 50.00 3,641.63 90.00 5,969.58 140.00 15,930.40 330.00
September - - 2,191.90 50.00 2,786.48 60.00 3,675.43 90.00 2,644.05 60.00 8,748.60 180.00
October - - 2,652.09 50.00 3,205.30 70.00 5,542.73 140.00 3,257.10 70.00 5,629.95 120.00
November - - 1,810.73 40.00 3,602.15 80.00 3,932.35 100.00 10,657.10 220.00 3,739.15 80.00
December 1,340.73 30.00 2,290.13 50.00 2,689.33 60.00 5,531.60 140.00 6,950.80 140.00 7,453.55 160.00
January 437.30 10.00 1,348.15 40.00 3,112.01 70.00 3,943.45 100.00 4,381.80 90.00 8,316.90 180.00
February 2,183.23 50.00 2,213.55 50.00 1,326.74 30.00 5,125.83 130.00 6,352.28 130.00
March 2,624.23 60.00 3,106.10 70.00 3,093.78 70.00 4,799.95 120.00 7,561.65 150.00
April 436.25 10.00 3,124.50 70.00 3,457.58 80.00 5,624.83 140.00 5,621.88 110.00
May 3,052.16 70.00 452.95 10.00 4,950.64 120.00 6,474.78 160.00 6,495.80 130.00
June 2,177.63 50.00 2,742.23 60.00 5,293.27 130.00 7,678.38 180.00 5,298.20 110.00
July 1,306.88 30.00 2,304.98 50.00 4,475.85 110.00 14,631.58 340.00 8,210.38 170.00
Total 15,405.75 350.00 26,848.61 600.00 40,327.67 930.00 70,602.53 1730.00 73,400.62 1520.00 49,818.55 1050.00
Table 16
Standing Liquidity Facility (SLF)*

Rs. in million
Mid-Month 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10

August 585.00 400.00 - - 18,150.00 -


September 189.00 550.00 370.00 4,080.00 3,720.00 350.00
October 3,367.28 220.00 1,575.00 9,665.00 11,155.00 3,700.00
November 15,836.81 - 2,101.50 13,135.00 2,500.00 13,234.00
December 2,362.50 - 1,074.70 9,310.00 - 28,178.90
January 200.00 753.50 3,070.00 10,780.00 6,010.00 19,784.40
February 6,224.80 200.00 - 25,532.00 12,260.00
March 11,402.00 160.00 300.00 - 29,437.50
April 4,027.90 950.00 8,630.00 3,850.00 2,150.00
May 1,040.00 4,800.00 13,821.00 21,250.00 11,220.00
June 600.00 - 350.00 4,500.00 11,180.00
July 3,472.05 1,850.00 15,687.00 1,730.00 -
Total 49,307.34 9,883.50 46,979.20 103,832.00 107,782.50 65,247.30
* Introduced as a safety valve for domestic payments system since 2004/05.
This fully collateralised lending facility takes place at the initiative of
commercial banks.

Table 17
Interbank Transaction (Amount)
Rs. in million
Mid-Month 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10
August 4,309.0 20,554.2 13,397.0 35,455.0 22,432.0 9,527.0
September 13,165.0 24,670.5 18,830.0 31,353.0 21,897.0 29,763.0
Ocotber 12,145.0 12,021.0 15,855.0 35,062.0 23,934.0 26,239.0
November 9,056.0 10,369.0 14,880.0 21,472.0 36,880.0 30,559.5
December 11,018.0 15,533.0 14,180.0 20,418.0 21,661.0 22,845.0
January 11,030.0 11,255.5 17,395.0 24,379.0 19,955.0 31,964.0
February 12,710.0 14,541.0 8,962.0 12,236.0 27,293.0
March 9,500.0 20,075.0 7,713.0 10,443.0 18,938.6
April 18,162.0 15,654.0 7,295.0 12,583.9 27,518.0
May 13,050.0 7,970.0 20,300.0 21,570.0 27,686.0
June 18,334.3 10,245.0 17,397.0 17,413.0 23,702.0
July 20,358.5 12,862.0 13,980.0 15,934.2 21,522.0
Total 152,837.8 175,750.2 170,184.0 258,319.1 293,418.6 150,897.5
Table 18
Structure of Interest Rates
(Percent per Annum)

Year 2003 2004 2005 2005 2006 2006 2006 2006 2007 2007 2007 2007 2008 2008 2008 2008 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2010
Mid-month Jul Jul Jul Oct Jan Apr Jul Oct Jan Apr Jul Oct Jan Apr Jul Oct Jan Apr July Aug sep Oct Nov Dec Jan
A. Policy Rates
CRR 6.0 6.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Bank Rate 5.5 5.5 5.5 6.0 6.0 6.25 6.25 6.25 6.25 6.25 6.25 6.25 6.25 6.25 6.25 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Refinance Rates Against Loans to:
Sick Industries 3.0 2.0 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Export Credit in Domestic Currency 4.5 4.5 3.0 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.0 2.0 2.0 3.5 3.5 2.0 2 2 2 2
Rural Development Banks (RDBs) 4.5 4.5 3.0 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 2.0 2.0 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Export Credit in Foreign Currency 2.0 2.0 2.0 3.25 3.25 3.25 3.25 3.25 3.25 3.25 3.25 3.25 3.25 3.25 3.25 LIBOR+.25 LIBOR+.25 LIBOR+.25 LIBOR+.25 LIBOR+.25 LIBOR+0.25 LIBOR+0.25 LIBOR+0.25 LIBOR+0.26 LIBOR+0.25
Standing Liquidity Facility (SLF) Penal Rate# - - 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
B. Government Securities
T-bills* (28 days) - 1.82 - 2.62 1.59 2.54 2.40 2.01 2.37 1.50 2.13 2.97 4.35 3.17 5.16 – 4.16 5.90 4.94 1.51 1.75 2.01 6.91 8.67 9.71
T-bills* (91 days) 2.98 1.47 3.94 3.10 2.46 2.89 3.25 2.54 2.67 1.85 2.77 2.35 3.86 4.07 5.13 6.08 4.32 5.98 6.8 1.77 2.41 2.73 4.67 6.35 8.74
T-bills* (182 days) - - 4.42 3.70 2.57 3.77 3.86 2.78 3.25 2.67 3.51 2.66 4.33 4.39 5.16 5.64 5.17 5.77 5.91 0 2.68 0.00 0.00 5.82 7.79
T-bills* (364 days) 4.93 3.81 4.79 3.87 3.42 4.31 4.04 3.78 3.14 3.09 4.00 3.04 4.67 4.82 6.47 5.57 5.20 5.96 6.55 0 3.39 0.00 6.04 5.43 7.39
Development Bonds 3.0-8.0 3.0-8.0 3.0-8.0 3.0-8.0 3.0-8.0 3.0-6.75 3.0-6.75 3.0-6.75 3.0-6.75 3.0-6.75 3.0-6.75 3.0-6.75 5.0-6.75 5.0-6.75 5.0-8.0 5.0-8.0 5.0-8.0 5.0-8.0 5.0-9.0 5.0-9.0 5.0-9.0 5.0-9.0 5.0-9.0 5.0-9.0 5.0-9.0
National/Citizen SCs 7.0-13.0 6.5-13.0 6.5-13.0 6.5-13.0 6.5-13.0 6.0-13.0 6.0-8.5 6.0-8.5 6.0-8.5 6.0-8.5 6.0-8.5 6.0-8.0 6.0-7.0 6.0-7.0 6.0-7.75 6.0-7.75 6.0-8.0 6.0-8.0 6.0-8.0 6.0-10.0 6.0-10.0 6.0-10.0 6.0-10.0 6.0-10.0 6.0-10.0
C. Interbank Rate 4.50 0.71 4.71 3.18 1.22 1.97 2.13 2.11 3.03 1.69 3.03 3.35 4.93 2.69 3.61 5.16 3.37 5.06 3.66 1.41 2.00 5.10 9.22 9.93 12.83
D. Commercial Banks
1. Deposit Rates
Savings Deposits 2.5-6.0 2.0-5.0 1.75-5.0 2.0-5.0 2.0-5.0 2.0-5.0 2.0-5.0 2.0-5.0 2.0-5.0 2.0-5.0 2.0-5.0 2.0-5.0 2.0-5.0 2.0-6.50 2.0-6.50 2.0-6.75 2.0-7 2.0-7 2.0-7.5 2.0-7.5 2.0-7.5 2.0-7.5 2.0-7.5 2.0-7.25 2.0-7.25
Time Deposits
1 Month - 2.0-3.5 1.75-3.5 1.5-3.5 1.5-3.5 1.5-3.5 1.5-3.5 1.5-3.5 1.5-3.5 1.5-3.5 1.5-3.5 1.5-3.5 1.5-3.5 1.5-3.75 1.5-3.75 1.5-5.25 1.5-5.25 1.5-5.25 1.5-5.25 1.5-5.75 1.50-5.75 1.50-5.75 1.50-5.75 1.5-5.75 1.5-7.25
3 Months 2.0-5.0 2.0-4.0 1.5-4.0 1.5-3.5 1.5-4.0 1.5-4.0 1.5-4.0 1.5-4.0 1.50-4.0 1.50-4.0 1.50-4.0 1.50-4.0 1.50-4.0 1.50-6.75 1.50-6.75 1.50-5.5 1.50-5.5 1.50-5.75 1.50-6.0 1.50-6.5 1.50-6.5 1.50-6.5 1.50-6.5 1.5-6.5 1.5-7.25
6 Months 2.5-6.0 2.0-4.5 2.5-4.5 1.75-4.5 1.75-4.5 1.75-4.5 1.75-4.5 1.75-4.5 1.75-4.5 1.75-4.5 1.75-4.5 1.75-4.5 1.75-4.5 1.75-6.75 1.75-6.75 1.75-5.75 1.75-5.75 1.75-6.25 1.75-7.0 1.75-7.0 1.75-7.0 1.75-7.0 1.75-7.0 1.75-7.0 1.75-8.75
1 Year 3.0-7.0 2.75-5.75 2.25-5.0 2.25-5.0 2.25-5.0 2.25-5.0 2.25-5.0 2.25-5.0 2.25-5.0 2.25-5.0 2.25-5.0 2.25-5.0 2.25-5.0 2.5-5.75 2.5-6.0 2.5-7.25 2.5-7.25 2.5-7.50 2.5-9.0 2.5-9.0 2.50-9.0 2.5-9.0 2.5-9.0 2.5-10.0 2.5-11.0
2 Years and Above 3.25-7.5 3.0-6.0 2.5-6.05 2.5-6.05 2.5-6.4 2.5-6.4 2.5-6.4 2.5-6.4 2.5-5.5 2.5-5.5 2.5-5.5 2.5-5.5 2.5-5.5 2.75-6.75 2.75-6.75 2.75-7.75 2.75-7.75 2.75-8.0 2.75-9.5 2.75-9.5 2.75-9.50 2.75-9.5 2.75-9.5 2.75-10.5 2.75-11.5
2 Lending Rates
Industry 8.50-14.0 8.5-13.5 8.25-13.5 8.0-13.5 8.0-13.5 8.0-13.5 8.0-13.5 8.0-13.5 8.0-13.5 8.0-13.5 8.0-13.5 8.0-13.5 7.0-13.5 7.0-13.0 7.0-13.0 7.0-13.0 7.0-13.0 8.0-13.50 8.0-13.50 8.0-13.50 8.0-13.50 7.0-13.5 7.0-13.5 7.0-13.5 7.0-13.5
Agriculture 10.5-14.5 10.5-13 10-13 9.5-13 9.5-13 9.5-13 9.5-13 9.5-13 9.5-13 9.5-13 9.5-13 9.5-13 9.5-13 9.5-12 9.5-12 9.5-12.0 9.5-12.0 9.5-13.0 9.5-12.0 9.5-13.0 9.5-13.0 9.5-13.0 9.5-13.0 9.5-13.0 9.5-13.0
Export Bills 4.0-12.5 4.0-11.5 4.0-12.0 4.0-12.0 5.0-11.5 5.0-11.5 5.0-11.5 5.0-11.5 5.0-11.5 5.0-11.5 5.0-11.5 4.0-11.5 4.0-11.5 5.0-11.5 5.0-11.5 5.0-11.5 5.0-11.5 6.5.0-11.5 6.5.0-11.0 6.5.0-12.5 6.5-12.5 6.5-12.5 6.5-12.5 6.5-18.0 6.5-18.0
Commercial Loans 7.50-16.0 9-14.5 8.0-14 8.0-14 8.0-14 8.0-14 8.0-14 8.0-14 8.0-14.0 8.0-14.0 8.0-14.0 8.0-14.0 8.0-14.0 8.0-13.5 8.0-13.5 8.0-13.5 8.0-13.5 8.0-14.0 8.0-14.0 8.0-14.0 8.0-14.0 8.0-14.0 8.0-14.0 8.0-14.0 8.0-14.0
Overdrafts 10.0-17.0 10.0-16.0 5-14.5 6.5-14.5 6.5-14.5 6.5-14.5 6.5-14.5 6.5-14.5 6.0-14.5 6.0-14.5 6.0-14.5 6.0-14.5 6.0-14.5 6.50-13.5 6.50-13.5 6.50-13.5 6.50-13.5 6.50-13.5 6.50-13.5 6.50-13.5 6.5-13.50 6.5-14.5 6.5-14.5 6.5-18.0 6.5-18.0
CPI Inflation (annual average) 4.8 4.0 4.5 8.0 6.4 7.7 13.2
* Weighted average discount rate.
# The SLF rate is determined at the penal rate added to the weighted average discount rate of 91-day Treasury Bills of the preceding week.
Table 19
Weighted Average Treasury Bills Rate (91-day)
Percent
Mid-Month Annual
FY Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Average
1991/92 8.43 8.78 8.84 8.70 8.82 8.93 9.33 9.56 9.60 9.64 9.59 9.64 9.24
1992/93 10.17 10.45 12.17 11.68 12.03 12.36 12.57 12.43 11.30 9.56 11.28 11.92 11.34
1993/94 8.49 5.94 7.24 8.74 6.05 3.93 7.57 7.56 6.38 4.93 5.31 6.01 6.50
1994/95 6.36 6.26 6.54 7.02 6.91 6.99 7.38 7.97 8.12 7.94 7.89 8.33 7.35
1995/96 8.34 8.61 8.78 9.14 9.69 11.83 12.68 12.21 10.93 12.70 12.88 12.66 10.93
1996/97 12.18 11.75 11.43 11.63 11.51 11.47 11.62 10.99 9.77 8.51 6.03 5.62 10.22
1997/98 4.87 3.36 3.81 3.36 2.63 2.71 3.90 4.00 4.17 3.44 3.24 2.87 3.52
1998/99 1.61 0.90 0.85 2.88 3.24 3.29 1.61 1.21 2.16 3.09 3.35 3.32 2.33
1999/00 3.40 2.90 3.41 4.09 3.99 4.44 5.16 5.60 5.46 5.73 5.46 5.36 4.66
2000/01 5.43 5.22 4.87 5.24 5.30 5.26 5.17 4.55 3.87 4.67 4.94 4.95 4.96
2001/02 4.78 3.78 4.66 4.96 4.95 4.85 5.19 5.39 5.05 4.86 4.52 3.78 4.71
2002/03 3.42 3.49 3.60 4.03 3.75 4.10 4.01 3.91 4.06 2.91 1.67 2.98 3.48
2003/04 4.03 3.66 3.70 3.68 3.85 3.95 3.94 3.81 1.70 0.70 0.82 1.47 2.93
2004/05 0.62 0.63 1.34 1.97 2.40 2.08 2.38 2.94 3.11 3.70 3.82 3.94 2.46
2005/06 2.26 3.38 3.10 2.69 2.20 2.46 2.20 2.65 2.89 3.63 3.31 3.25 2.84
2006/07 2.99 2.78 2.54 2.11 1.98 2.67 2.60 2.36 1.85 2.43 2.17 2.77 2.42
2007/08 4.25 2.14 2.35 3.03 3.59 3.86 5.79 5.54 4.07 5.32 5.41 5.13 4.22
2008/09 5.17 3.73 6.08 5.55 4.72 4.32 6.64 6.83 5.98 6.73 6.00 6.8 5.83
2009/10 1.77 2.41 2.73 4.67 6.35 8.74
Table 20
Weighted Average Treasury Bills Rate (364-day)
Percent
Mid-Month Annual
FY
Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Average
1996/97 - - - - - 11.96 - - 10.53 - 8.98 - 10.34
1997/98 - - - - - 6.30 - - 7.25 - 6.99 - 6.86
1998/99 - - - - - - - - 4.91 5.42 5.31 - 5.13
1999/00 - - - - 5.67 5.57 6.08 7.28 6.14 - - - 6.16
2000/01 - - - - 5.73 5.44 5.46 5.11 4.92 5.27 5.52 5.62 5.26
2001/02 - - - - 5.51 5.15 5.66 5.56 5.14 5.04 4.99 4.43 5.20
2002/03 - - - - 4.08 4.46 4.22 4.94 5.13 4.63 3.31 4.93 4.71
2003/04 5.31 5.18 5.30 5.15 5.12 4.95 4.70 4.04 3.02 2.65 2.57 3.81 4.15
2004/05 - - 3.53 - 3.06 2.49 2.78 3.54 3.98 4.84 4.87 4.79 4.32
2005/06 - - 3.87 3.93 3.09 3.42 3.50 3.80 4.31 4.20 3.74 4.04 3.95
2006/07 - - 3.78 3.33 3.04 3.14 3.21 3.01 3.09 3.55 3.19 4.00 3.50
2007/08 - 3.04 3.04 3.28 3.40 4.67 6.44 5.95 4.82 5.30 5.66 6.47 5.49
2008/09 - 3.56 5.57 5.65 4.96 5.2 6.84 6.19 5.96 6.53 6.59 6.55 6.06
2009/10 - 3.39 - 6.04 5.43 7.39
Table 21
Weighted Average
Interbank Transaction Rate
Percent
Mid-Month\Year 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10
August 4.15 1.02 2.47 2.07 4.10 5.15 1.41
September 2.67 0.39 3.87 1.83 2.18 2.33 2.00
October 3.60 0.83 3.18 2.11 3.35 5.16 5.10
November 4.21 2.24 2.36 1.20 3.73 5.34 9.22
December 4.63 3.54 0.96 1.34 4.73 2.38 9.93
January 4.68 3.49 1.22 3.03 4.93 3.37 12.83
February 4.82 3.95 2.48 2.01 7.55 8.32
March 3.67 4.33 2.84 1.39 5.07 6.38
April 0.83 4.50 1.97 1.69 2.69 5.06
May 1.01 4.28 3.52 3.35 6.48 7.07
June 0.99 4.11 1.77 2.72 4.64 5.02
July 0.71 4.71 2.13 3.03 3.61 3.66
Annual Average 3.03 3.39 2.47 2.26 4.20 5.07
Table 22
Stock Market Indicators

Mid-January % Change
Particulars 2008 2009 2010
2 Over 1 3 Over 2
1 2 3
NEPSE Index (Closing)* 958.91 659.81 530.96 -31.2 -19.5
NEPSE Sensitive Index (Closing)** 248.77 173.11 129.60 -30.4 -25.1
NEPSE Float Index (Closing)*** - 64.73 50.39 - -22.2
Banking Sub-Index 951.26 627.39 506.62 -34.0 -19.2
Market Capitalization (Rs. million) 301864.56 361919.26 407783.74 19.9 12.7
Total Paid up Value of Listed Shares (Rs. million) 23904 48202 71712 101.6 48.8
Number of Listed Companies 145 149 165 2.8 10.7
Number of Listed Shares ('000) 264685 511695 745307 93.3 45.7
Market Days 21 19 21 -9.5 10.5
Number of Companies Traded 100 118 133 18.0 12.7
Number of Transactions 11170 18259 22209 63.5 21.6
Monthly Turnover:
Number of Shares ('000) 2394.89 2910.19 2092.17 21.5 -28.1
Amount (Rs. million) 3031.16 1403.95 982.48 -53.7 -30.0
Ratio of Monthly Turnover to Market Capitalization (in
%) 1.00 0.39 0.24 -61.4 -37.9
Ratio of Market Capitalization to GDP (in %) 36.9 37.7 37.6 2.2 -0.1
Twelve Months Rolling Standard Deviation 195.7 128.2 66.7 -34.5 -48.0
GDP at Current Price ( Rs. million) 818401 960012 1083211.0 17.3 12.8

* Base: February 12, 1994


** Base: July 16, 2006
***Base: August 24, 2008
Source:
http://www.nepalstock.com/reports/monthly.php
Table 23
Public Issue Approval By SEBON
First Six Months
Type of
S.N. Company Security Amount Permission Date
1 Goodwill Finance Ltd. Rights 173.3 7/27/2009 (4/12/2066)
2 Birgung Finance Ltd. Rights 334.7 8/9/2009 (4/25/2066)
3 Prudential Finance Company Ltd. Rights 200.0 8/23/2009 (5/7/2066)
4 Business Development Bank Ltd. Rights 441.0 8/26/2009 (5/10/2066)
5 Mahalaxmi Finance Ltd. Rights 324.0 8/26/2009 (5/10/2066)
6 Butwal Finance Ltd. Rights 337.3 9/7/2009 (5/22/2066)
7 Alliance Insurance Company Ltd. Rights 60.0 9/10/2009 (5/25/2066)
8 Nepal SBI Bank Ltd. Rights 437.3 9/24/2009 (6/08/2066)
9 Laxmi Bank Ltd.
International Leasing & Finance Co. Rights 439.2 10/15/2009 (6/29/2066)
10 Ltd. Rights 1360.8 10/22/2009 (7/05/2066)
11 Kuber Merchant Finance Co. Ltd. Rights 100.0 10/27/2009 (7/10/2066)
12 Nepal Life Insurance Co. Ltd. Rights 75.0 11/04/2009 (7/18/2066)
13 Himchuli Bikas Bank Ltd. Rights 317.4 11/10/2009 (7/24/2066)
14 Nepal SBI Bank Ltd. Rights 437.3 12/07/2009 (8/22/2066)
16 Global Bank Ltd. Rights 500.0 1/10/2010(9/17/2066)
17 Paschimanchal
Capital MerchantDevelopment
Banking & Bank Ltd.
Finance Rights 210.0 1/03/2010(9/19/2066)
18 Ltd. Rights 561.0 1/06/2010(9/22/2066)
19 Annapurna Bikas Bank Ltd. Rights 462.0 1/13/2010(9/30/2066)
Total 6770.2
1 Miteri Development Bank Ltd. Ordinary 13.5 8/16/2009 (4/32/2066)
2 Mahakali Bikash Bank Ltd. Ordinary 8.2 9/02/2009 (5/17/2066)
3 Asian Life Insurance Company Ltd. Ordinary 108.0 9/16/2009 (5/31/2066)
4 Kasthamandap Dev. Bank Ltd. Ordinary 96.0 9/22/2009 (6/06/2066)
5 Resunga Bikash Bank Ltd. Ordinary 9.2 10/04/2009 (6/18/2066)
6 Pathibhara Bikash Bank Ltd. Ordinary 24.5 10/11/2009 (6/25/2066)
7 Udhyam Bikas Bank Ltd. Ordinary 15.0 10/22/2009 (7/05/2066)
8 Nerude Laghubitta Bikash Bank Ltd. Ordinary 6.0 11/04/2009 (7/18/2066)
9 Sewa Bikas Bank Ltd. Ordinary 40.0 12/16/2009(9/01/2066)
10 City Development Bank Ltd. Ordinary 60.0 1/08/2010(9/24/2066)
11 Nilgiri Vikash Bank Ltd. Ordinary 15.0 1/14/2010(9/30/2066)
Total 395.4
Grand Total 7165.6
Source: SEBON

Listed Shares in Nepal Stock Exchange Limited

Types of Listed Securities Listed Amounts in


S.No. Name of Companies Listed Date
Securities in Thousand million
1 Api Finance Ltd. Ordinary 600.00 60.00 23-Sep-09
2 Prime Com. Bank Ltd. Ordinary 10000.00 1000.00 12-Sep-09
3 Sunrise Bank Ltd. Ordinary 12500.00 1250.00 12-Sep-09
4 Vibor Bikas Bank Ltd. Ordinary 6800.00 680.00 12-Sep-09
5 Arun Valley Hydropower Development Company Ltd
Ordinary 1715.00 171.50
6 Crystal Finance Ltd. Ordinary 700.00 70.00
7 Madhyamnchal Grameen Bikas Bank Ordinary 1000.00 100.00 3-Jan-10
Total 33315.00 3331.50
1 Biratlaxmi Bikas Bank Ltd. Bonus 50.00 5.00 17-Aug-09
2 United Finance Ltd. Bonus 150.00 15.00 17-Aug-09
3 Premier Finance Ltd. Bonus 80.78 8.07 1-Sep-09
4 Siddhartha Bank Ltd. Bonus 1242.00 124.20 1-Sep-09
5 Om Finance Ltd. Bonus 210.00 21.00 17-Sep-09
6 Kumari Bank Ltd. Bonus 1075.65 107.56 8-Oct-09
7 Nirdhan Utthan Bank Ltd. Bonus 209.94 20.99 27-Oct-09
8 Guheswori Merchant Banking & Finance Bonus 111.21 11.12 24-Nov-09
9 Standard Charted Bank Ltd. Bonus 4665.17 466.51 9-Dec-09
10 Nabil Bank Ltd. Bonus 4833.77 483.37 31-Dec-09
11 Bank of Kathmandu Ltd. Bonus 3377.59 337.75 14-Jan-10
12 Himalayan Bank Ltd. Bonus 3837.85 383.78 14-Jan-10
13 Everest Bank Ltd. Bonus 1916.46 191.64 14-Jan-10
Total 21760.42 2175.99
1 Ace Development Bank Ltd. Rights 2929.18 292.91 4-Aug-09
1 Sanima Bikas Bank Ltd. Rights 3840.00 384.00 17-Aug-09
2 Nepal Bangaladesh Bank Ltd. Rights 375.38 37.54 17-Aug-09
3 Standard Finance Ltd. Rights 8349.00 834.90 17-Aug-09
4 Shrijana Finance Ltd. Rights 140.00 14.00 17-Aug-09
5 Nepal Dev. & Emp. Pro. Bank Ltd. Rights 1565.97 156.60 1-Sep-09
6 DCBL Bank Ltd. Rights 5537.28 553.73 1-Sep-09
7 NMB Bank Ltd. Rights 3246.41 324.64 17-Sep-09
8 Lumbini Bank Ltd. Rights 5.00 0.05 17-Sep-09
9 Nepal Express Finance Ltd. Rights 240.00 24.00 17-Sep-09
10 Gurkha Development Bank Ltd. Rights 1170.48 117.05 8-Oct-09
11 Navadurga Finance Co. Ltd. Rights 544.30 54.43 13-Oct-09
12 Narayani Dev. Bank Ltd. Rights 99.88 9.99 27-Oct-09
13 Civil Merchant Bittiya Santha Ltd. Rights 499.27 49.93 27-Oct-09
14 Prabhu Finance Ltd. Rights 800.00 80.00 27-Oct-09
15 Sagarmatha Merchant Banking & Finance Rights 750.00 75.00 24-Nov-09
16 Fewa Finance Ltd. Rights 1820.00 182.00 9-Dec-09
17 Central Finance Ltd. Rights 253.87 25.39 9-Dec-09
18 Bhrikutee Bikas Bank Ltd. Rights 1409.89 140.99 9-Dec-09
19 General Finance Ltd. Rights 242.42 24.24 31-Dec-09
20 Business Development Bank Ltd. Rights 3557.03 355.70 11-Jan-10
21 Lord Buddha Finance Ltd. Rights 375.00 37.50 11-Jan-10
Total 37750.36 3774.59
1 Bikas Rinpatra 2071 "Kha" Gov. Bond 30000.00 3000.00 23-Oct-09
2 Bikas Rinpatra 2073 "Ka" Gov. Bond 27500.00 2750.00 23-Oct-09
Total 57500.00 5750.00
Grand Total 150325.78 15032.08
Source: Nepal Stock Exchange Limited
Table 24
Listed Companies and Market Capitalization

Number of Listed Companies Market Capitalization of Listed Companies (Rs in million)


Mid-January Mid-January
Particulars 2008 2009 2010 % Change
2008 2009 2010 1 2 3 4 5 6 3 Over 5 Over
Total Share % Total Share % Total Share % 1 3
Total 145 149 165 301864.6 100.0 361919.3 100.0 407783.7 100.0 19.9 12.7
Financial Institutions 110 118 133 259574.5 86.0 251724.9 69.6 300907.4 73.8 -3.0 19.5
Commercial Banks 15 17 23 198336.70 65.7 177544.07 49.1 226607.77 55.6 -10.5 27.6
Development Banks 23 24 30 22617.21 7.5 23062.61 6.4 28016.80 6.9 2.0 21.5
Finance Companies 56 60 63 26577.82 8.8 41117.94 11.4 37062.77 9.1 54.7 -9.9
Insurance Companies 16 17 17 12042.75 4.0 10000.30 2.8 9220.06 2.3 -17.0 -7.8
Manufacturing & Processing 21 18 18 6353.84 2.1 7608.94 2.1 7785.80 1.9 19.8 2.3
Hotel 4 4 4 5459.12 1.8 4734.31 1.3 4839.58 1.2 -13.3 2.2
Trading 5 4 4 846.71 0.3 1183.81 0.3 1495.37 0.4 39.8 26.3
Hydro Power 3 3 4 29605.69 9.8 17898.13 4.9 17886.43 4.4 -39.5 -0.1
Others 2 2 2 24.71 0.0 78769.16 21.8 74869.16 18.4 318674.4 -5.0
Source: http://www.nepalstock.com/reports/monthly.php
Table 25
Share Market Activities
INDEX
Mid-January
2008 2009 2010 % change
Group
Closing High Low Closing High Low Closing
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 4 over 1 7 over 4
Commercial Banks 951.3 706.17 624.99 627.39 530.09 506.62 506.62 -34.05 -19.25
Development Banks 1662.96 1104.38 1027.04 1032.17 599.64 583.24 590.11 -37.93 -42.83
Insurance Companies 915.12 739.96 675.75 682.68 599.17 583.24 590.11 -25.40 -13.56
Finance Companies 1102.89 979.18 916.5 916.5 564.19 529.71 529.71 -16.90 -42.20
Manufacturing & Processing 257.28 433.21 428.85 428.85 438.82 438.82 438.82 66.69 2.32
Hotel 420.97 365.07 361.22 365.07 366.49 366.49 366.49 -13.28 0.39
Trading 165.2 206.45 206.32 206.45 265.75 260.78 260.78 24.97 26.32
Hydro Power 1515.57 948.1 880.4 916.24 812.64 782.31 789.50 -39.54 -13.83
Others 818.12 707.27 616.83 616.83 598.03 575.72 586.29 -24.60 -4.95
NEPSE Overall Index* 958.9 729.2 659.8 659.8 548.11 530.81 530.96 -31.19 -19.53
NEPSE Sensitive Index** 248.8 191.2 172.7 173.1 135.60 129.60 129.60 -30.41 -25.13
NEPSE Float Index*** - 70.7 64.7 64.7 52.20 50.38 50.39 - -22.15

Turnover Details
Mid-January % Change
2008 2009 2010
Share Rs in Share Share Unit Share Amount
Rs in % Share Share Units % Share Rs % Share
Particulars Units Units
million of Value ('000) of Value in million of Value
('000) million ('000)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 4 over 1 7over 4 5 over 2 8 over 5
Total 2394.89 3031.16 143.76 2910.19 1403.95 262.19 2042.17 977.28 153.76 21.52 -29.83 -53.68 -30.39
Commercial Banks 977.51 2108.44 100.00 843.05 535.48 100.00 1123.73 635.57 100.00 -13.76 33.29 -74.60 18.69
Development Banks 166.43 192.44 9.13 410.44 291.66 54.47 402.97 171.11 26.92 146.61 -1.82 51.56 -41.33
Insurance Companies 26.07 22.83 1.08 14.24 9.12 1.70 14.33 4.61 0.73 -45.38 0.63 -60.05 -49.45
Finance Companies 171.18 121.44 5.76 436.02 334.15 62.40 288.33 93.64 14.73 154.71 -33.87 175.16 -71.98
Manufacturing & Processing 0.79 2.69 0.13 0.43 1.83 0.34 0.42 0.05 0.01 -45.57 -2.33 -31.97 -97.27
Hotel 19.19 3.54 0.17 0.23 0.04 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 -98.80 -100.00 -98.87 -100.00
Trading 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.34 0.23 0.04 1.12 3.26 0.51 - 229.41 - 1317.39
Hydropower 1033.08 579.19 27.47 473.09 75.59 14.12 22.02 14.47 2.28 -54.21 -95.35 -86.95 -80.86
Others 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.90 14.81 2.77 59.62 29.66 4.67 - 130.19 - 100.27
Mutual Fund 0.00 0.00 0.00 520.40 15.36 2.87 10.10 0.26 0.04 - -98.06 - -98.31
Preferred Stock 0.64 0.59 0.03 5.00 4.37 0.82 1.50 1.47 0.23 – -70.00 - -66.36
Promoter Share 0.00 0.00 0.00 181.05 121.31 22.65 118.03 23.18 3.65 – -34.81 - -80.89
Government Bond 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 5.20 0.82 – - - -
Source: http://www.nepalstock.com/reports/monthly.php
* Base: February 12, 1994
** Base; July 16, 2006
***Base:August24, 2008
Table 26
National Urban Consumer Price Index
(1995/96 = 100)
(y-o-y)
Mid-January 2010
Weight 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10P Percentage Change
Groups & sub-groups
% Dec/Jan Nov/Dec Dec/Jan Oct/Nov Nov/Dec Dec/Jan Column 5 Column 5 Column 8 Column 8
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Over 3 Over 4 Over 5 Over 7
1. OVERALL INDEX 100.00 194.2 223.7 222.1 250.0 249.0 248.3 14.4 -0.7 11.8 -0.3

1.1. FOOD & BEVERAGES 53.20 187.7 224.3 222.0 267.4 264.3 262.1 18.3 -1.0 18.1 -0.8

Grains and Cereal Products 18.00 192.8 227.8 224.7 249.4 250.4 251.0 16.5 -1.4 11.7 0.2
Rice and Rice Products (14.16) 187.7 229.1 225.3 253.3 254.1 254.3 20.0 -1.7 12.9 0.1
1.2 Wheat and Wheat Flour 1.79 243.8 243.7 240.5 253.6 256.9 260.7 -1.4 -1.3 8.4 1.5
1.3 Other Grains and Cereal products 2.05 178.0 198.9 200.3 212.6 212.5 212.8 12.5 0.7 6.2 0.1
Pulses 2.73 195.8 249.1 246.0 323.7 335.2 336.3 25.6 -1.2 36.7 0.3
Vegetables and Fruits 7.89 153.1 186.4 173.4 294.7 259.6 224.0 13.3 -7.0 29.2 -13.7
3.1 All Vegetables 6.25 151.8 185.6 170.7 305.8 265.1 221.2 12.5 -8.0 29.6 -16.6
3.1.1 Vegetables without Leafy Green 5.15 156.2 191.5 178.4 324.8 283.1 234.6 14.2 -6.8 31.5 -17.1
3.1.2 Leafy Green Vegetables 1.10 132.6 167.3 139.5 226.8 182.4 164.5 5.2 -16.6 17.9 -9.8
3.2 Fruits and Nuts 1.65 158.9 186.8 183.3 249.1 234.0 233.6 15.4 -1.9 27.4 -0.2
3.2.1 Fruits 1.59 158.9 187.4 183.8 251.8 236.1 235.7 15.7 -1.9 28.2 -0.2
3.2.2 Nuts 0.05 154.4 167.6 168.9 178.6 174.6 175.3 9.4 0.8 3.8 0.4
Spices 1.85 185.6 205.7 200.7 250.3 264.2 270.6 8.1 -2.4 34.8 2.4
Meat, Fish and Eggs 5.21 195.5 235.5 239.4 285.4 287.0 294.1 22.5 1.7 22.8 2.5
Milk and Milk Products 4.05 181.2 210.6 210.7 229.4 229.8 233.4 16.3 0.0 10.8 1.6
Oil and Ghee 3.07 177.7 220.2 222.1 210.7 209.6 210.5 25.0 0.9 -5.2 0.4
Sugar and Related Products 1.21 133.1 181.3 182.8 275.9 284.4 324.4 37.3 0.8 77.5 14.1
Beverages 2.28 191.0 215.8 217.5 250.7 250.8 250.8 13.9 0.8 15.3 0.0
9.1 Non Alcoholic Beverages 0.75 147.6 172.0 176.5 206.2 206.5 206.6 19.6 2.6 17.1 0.0
9.2 Alcoholic Beverages 1.53 208.1 233.6 233.6 266.5 266.5 266.5 12.3 0.0 14.1 0.0
Restaurant Meals 6.91 221.8 266.5 269.4 304.2 305.9 309.5 21.5 1.1 14.9 1.2

1.2. NON-FOOD & SERVICES 46.80 201.7 223.3 222.4 229.9 231.5 232.5 10.3 -0.4 4.5 0.4

Cloth, Clothing & Sewing Services 8.92 151.4 162.4 162.6 173.7 174.2 174.8 7.4 0.1 7.5 0.3
Cloths (2.28) 135.3 146.3 146.4 155.2 155.4 155.8 8.2 0.1 6.4 0.3
Clothings (5.75) 151.1 162.0 162.2 170.3 171.0 171.8 7.3 0.1 5.9 0.5
11.3 Sewing Services 0.89 200.4 213.1 213.1 248.0 248.0 248.0 6.3 0.0 16.4 0.0
Footwear 2.20 150.7 162.4 162.4 173.8 173.8 173.8 7.8 0.0 7.0 0.0
Housing goods and Services 14.87 226.4 253.9 251.3 253.7 258.5 261.1 11.0 -1.0 3.9 1.0
13.1 House Furnishing and Household Goods 3.50 154.3 172.2 172.2 184.9 184.9 184.9 11.6 0.0 7.4 0.0
13.2 House Rent 4.19 168.5 176.9 176.9 187.4 187.4 187.4 5.0 0.0 5.9 0.0
13.3 Cleaning Supplies 1.26 168.2 203.3 199.8 204.8 205.9 205.8 18.8 -1.7 3.0 0.0
Fuel, Light and Water (5.92) 321.2 365.1 359.4 350.1 361.5 367.7 11.9 -1.6 2.3 1.7
Transport and Communication 4.03 255.9 309.8 308.8 285.7 285.7 285.7 20.7 -0.3 -7.5 0.0
14.1 Transport 3.61 270.9 331.2 330.1 304.1 304.1 304.1 21.9 -0.3 -7.9 0.0
14.1.1 Public Transport 2.54 300.8 378.5 378.5 339.0 339.0 339.0 25.8 0.0 -10.4 0.0
14.1.2 Private Transport 1.07 192.8 208.0 204.2 213.7 213.7 213.7 5.9 -1.8 4.7 0.0
14.2 Communication 0.42 126.6 126.7 126.7 126.7 126.7 126.7 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Medical and Personal Care 8.03 189.0 198.2 198.2 205.7 205.7 205.7 4.9 0.0 3.8 0.0
15.1 Medical Care 6.21 196.5 205.2 205.2 213.7 213.7 213.7 4.4 0.0 4.1 0.0
15.2 Personal Care 1.82 162.9 173.7 173.7 177.8 177.8 177.8 6.6 0.0 2.4 0.0
Education, Reading and Recreation 7.09 220.0 240.7 240.8 265.8 265.8 265.9 9.5 0.0 10.4 0.0
16.1 Education 4.78 246.6 268.3 268.3 295.8 295.8 295.8 8.8 0.0 10.2 0.0
16.2 Reading and Recreation 1.63 154.2 173.3 173.3 193.3 193.3 193.3 12.4 0.0 11.5 0.0
16.3 Religious Activities 0.68 198.7 217.2 218.8 238.0 238.0 239.0 10.1 0.7 9.2 0.4
Tobacco and Related Products 1.66 186.1 214.2 214.2 239.0 239.0 239.0 15.1 0.0 11.6 0.0
PETROLEUM PRODUCT 2.71 490.1 566.4 551.7 514.7 534.4 545.6 12.6 -2.6 -1.1 2.1
NON-PETROLEUM PRODUCT 97.29 186.2 214.4 213.2 242.8 241.3 240.2 14.5 -0.6 12.7 -0.5
Urban Consumer Price Index : Kathmandu Valley
OVERALL INDEX 100.00 185.7 217.0 215.0 239.3 237.2 237.7 15.8 -0.9 10.6 0.2
FOOD & BEVERAGES 51.53 177.7 220.1 217.0 258.7 253.5 254.0 22.1 -1.4 17.1 0.2
NON-FOOD & SERVICES 48.47 194.2 213.8 212.9 218.6 219.9 220.5 9.6 -0.4 3.6 0.3
DOMESTIC GOODS 81.26 179.2 212.5 210.9 238.8 235.4 235.6 17.7 -0.8 11.7 0.1
IMPORTED GOODS 18.74 214.1 236.5 232.8 241.4 245.1 246.9 8.7 -1.6 6.1 0.7
TRADABLE GOODS 68.86 182.9 217.0 213.7 239.3 236.7 237.7 16.8 -1.5 11.2 0.4
NON-TRADABLE GOODS 31.14 191.9 217.0 217.8 239.3 238.4 237.8 13.5 0.4 9.2 -0.3
GOVT.CONTROLLED GOODS 17.03 234.2 271.3 269.1 271.7 275.4 282.6 14.9 -0.8 5.0 2.6
NON-CONTROLLED GOODS 82.97 175.7 205.9 203.9 232.6 229.3 228.5 16.1 -1.0 12.1 -0.3
PETROLEUM PRODUCT 3.04 460.5 532.7 519.5 490.0 509.3 518.9 12.8 -2.5 -0.1 1.9
NON-PETROLEUM PRODUCT 96.96 177.1 207.1 205.5 231.4 228.7 228.9 16.0 -0.8 11.4 0.1
Urban Consumer Price Index : Terai
OVERALL INDEX 100.00 198.6 227.4 225.7 256.0 255.3 253.8 13.6 -0.7 12.5 -0.6
FOOD & BEVERAGES 54.98 191.9 225.8 223.5 272.0 269.2 265.4 16.5 -1.0 18.7 -1.4
NON-FOOD & SERVICES 45.02 206.8 229.3 228.4 236.5 238.4 239.7 10.4 -0.4 4.9 0.5
PETROLEUM PRODUCT 2.54 493.0 571.7 554.7 514.7 533.8 546.3 12.5 -3.0 -1.5 2.3
NON-PETROLEUM PRODUCT 97.46 190.9 218.4 217.1 249.3 248.1 246.2 13.7 -0.6 13.4 -0.8
Urban Consumer Price Index : Hills
OVERALL INDEX 100.00 196.4 224.9 224.2 251.2 251.5 250.6 14.2 -0.3 11.8 -0.4
FOOD & BEVERAGES 53.04 192.8 227.0 226.2 269.3 268.7 266.5 17.3 -0.4 17.8 -0.8
NON-FOOD & SERVICES 46.96 200.3 222.5 222.0 230.6 232.0 232.6 10.8 -0.2 4.8 0.3
PETROLEUM PRODUCT 2.33 530.8 607.6 596.7 555.1 577.5 587.8 12.4 -1.8 -1.5 1.8
NON-PETROLEUM PRODUCT 97.67 188.4 215.7 215.3 243.9 243.7 242.5 14.3 -0.2 12.6 -0.5
Table 27
Core CPI Inflation**
(1995/96 = 100)
(y-o-y)
Mid-January 2010
Weight Revised 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10P Percentage Change
Group & sub-groups
% Weight Dec/Jan Dec/Jan Dec/Jan 2008/09 2009/10P
OVERALL (Adjusted) 100.00 100.00 185.4 209.8 236.3 13.2 12.6

FOOD AND BEVERAGES (Adjusted) 53.20 45.53 196.0 232.6 274.4 18.6 18.0

Grains and Cereal Products


Rice and Rice Products 14.16 0.00 187.7 225.3 254.3 20.0 12.9
Wheat and Wheat Flour 1.79 2.62 243.8 240.5 260.7 -1.4 8.4
Other Grains and Cereal Products 2.05 3.00 178.0 200.3 212.8 12.5 6.2
Pulses 2.73 3.99 195.8 246.0 336.3 25.6 36.7
Vegetables and Fruits 7.89 0.00 153.1 173.4 224.0 13.3 29.2
Spices 1.85 2.70 185.6 200.7 270.6 8.1 34.8
Meat, Fish and Eggs 5.21 7.61 195.5 239.4 294.1 22.5 22.8
Milk and Milk Products 4.05 5.92 181.2 210.7 233.4 16.3 10.8
Oil and Ghee 3.07 4.49 177.7 222.1 210.5 25.0 -5.2
Sugar and Related Products 1.21 1.77 133.1 182.8 324.4 37.3 77.5
Beverages 2.28 3.33 191.0 217.5 250.8 13.9 15.3
Restaurant Meals 6.91 10.10 221.8 269.4 309.5 21.5 14.9

NON-FOOD AND SERVICES (Adjusted) 46.80 54.47 176.6 190.8 204.5 8.1 7.2

Cloth, Clothing & Sewing Services 8.92 13.04 151.4 162.6 174.8 7.4 7.5
Footwear 2.20 3.22 150.7 162.4 173.8 7.8 7.0
Housing goods and Services 226.4 251.3 261.1
House Furnishing and Household Goods 3.50 5.12 154.3 172.2 184.9 11.6 7.4
House Rent 4.19 6.12 168.5 176.9 187.4 5.0 5.9
Cleaning Supplies 1.26 1.84 168.2 199.8 205.8 18.8 3.0
Fuel, Light and Water 5.92 0.00 321.2 359.4 367.7 11.9 2.3
Transport 3.61 0.00 270.9 330.1 304.1 21.9 -7.9
Communication 0.42 0.61 126.6 126.7 126.7 0.1 0.0
Medical and Personal Care 8.03 11.74 189.0 198.2 205.7 4.9 3.8
Education, Reading and Recreation 7.09 10.36 220.0 240.8 265.9 9.5 10.4
Tobacco and Related Products 1.66 2.43 186.1 214.2 239.0 15.1 11.6

P: Provisional
**Based on the exclusion principle by excluding rice and rice products, vegetables and fruits, fuel, light and water and transports.
Total weight excluded 31.58
Total weight included 68.42
Table 28
National Urban Consumer Price Index
(1995/96 = 100)
(Point to point annual change)
2007/08 2008/09 2009/10P
Mid-Month
INDEX %CHANGES INDEX %CHANGES INDEX %CHANGES

Aug 194.7 6.3 220.2 13.1 243.1 10.4

Sept 197.8 7.0 224.5 13.5 246.3 9.7

Oct 198.7 6.3 226.8 14.1 248.0 9.3

Nov 198.7 6.3 227.5 14.5 250.0 9.9

Dec 196.1 5.7 223.7 14.1 249.0 11.3

Jan 194.2 5.8 222.1 14.4 248.3 11.8

Feb 196.3 6.4 223.1 13.7

March 198.4 7.2 224.4 13.1

Apr 202.4 8.9 226.5 11.9

May 204.6 9.2 230.9 12.9

June 208.3 11.0 234.0 12.3

July 212.7 12.1 237.0 11.4

Average 200.2 7.7 226.7 13.2 247.5 10.4

P: Provisional.
Table 29
National Wholesale Price Index
(1999/00 = 100)
(y-o-y)
Mid- January 2010
2007/08 2008/09 2009/10P Percentage Change
Groups and Sub-groups Weight %
Dec/Jan Nov/Dec Dec/Jan Oct/Nov Nov/Dec Dec/Jan Column 5 Column 5 Column 8 Column 8
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Over 3 Over 4 Over 5 Over 7
100.00 150.8 170.9 172.9 208.7 203.2 200.6 14.7 1.2 16.0 -1.3
1. Overall Index

1.1 Agricultural Commodities 49.59 144.1 162.7 168.6 238.4 225.7 219.5 17.0 3.6 30.2 -2.7

Foodgrains 16.58 143.4 150.8 159.9 180.7 185.7 192.5 11.5 6.0 20.4 3.7

Cash Crops 6.09 164.3 143.0 151.6 405.6 306.6 249.7 -7.7 6.0 64.7 -18.6

Pulses 3.77 178.6 222.9 214.3 271.1 275.2 287.2 20.0 -3.9 34.0 4.4

Fruits and Vegetables 11.18 112.2 143.3 149.5 208.7 190.3 175.9 33.2 4.3 17.7 -7.6

Spices 1.95 122.0 131.6 130.8 194.7 203.9 196.6 7.2 -0.6 50.3 -3.6

Livestock Production 10.02 160.1 199.3 204.7 261.7 268.1 273.8 27.9 2.7 33.8 2.1

1.2 Domestic Manufactured Commodities 20.37 144.7 162.4 161.8 175.1 176.4 178.6 11.8 -0.4 10.4 1.2

Food-Related Products 6.12 134.7 151.7 150.8 167.6 171.4 173.6 12.0 -0.6 15.1 1.3

Beverages and Tobacco 5.68 142.5 158.5 158.8 180.7 179.5 181.7 11.4 0.2 14.4 1.2

Construction Materials 4.50 184.3 209.7 208.0 218.9 219.3 223.3 12.9 -0.8 7.4 1.8

Others 4.07 118.9 131.7 131.4 130.2 132.0 132.5 10.5 -0.2 0.8 0.4

1.3 Imported Commodities 30.04 165.9 190.1 187.5 182.4 184.2 184.1 13.0 -1.4 -1.8 -0.1

Petroleum Products and Coal 5.40 295.2 338.3 323.8 298.2 306.5 306.5 9.7 -4.3 -5.3 0.0

Chemical Fertilizers and Chemical Goods 2.46 195.4 211.7 211.7 191.2 186.6 186.6 8.3 0.0 -11.9 0.0

Transport Vehicles and Machinery Goods 6.97 133.1 161.2 162.6 162.0 162.6 162.6 22.2 0.9 0.0 0.0

Electric and Electronic Goods 1.87 94.9 101.4 101.5 95.1 95.1 95.1 7.0 0.1 -6.3 0.0

Drugs and Medicine 2.73 117.8 122.0 122.0 135.9 129.4 130.1 3.6 0.0 6.6 0.5

Textile-Related Products 3.10 106.9 129.4 130.1 128.3 128.1 127.0 21.7 0.5 -2.4 -0.9

Others 7.51 153.3 175.3 173.5 176.0 180.8 180.6 13.2 -1.0 4.1 -0.1
P = Provisional
* Revised
Table 30
National Wholesale Price Index
(1999/00 = 100)
(Point to point annual change)
2007/08 2008/09 2009/10P
Mid-Month
INDEX %CHANGES INDEX %CHANGES INDEX %CHANGES

Aug 160.0 12.4 177.9 11.2 201.4 13.2

Sept 163.5 11.1 180.3 10.3 203.0 12.6

Oct 164.3 10.3 179.6 9.3 206.1 14.8

Nov 161.3 7.2 176.1 9.2 208.7 18.5

Dec 155.2 6.1 170.9 10.1 203.2 18.9

Jan 150.8 5.5 172.9 14.7 200.6 16.0

Feb 151.3 4.3 174.0 15.0

March 156.4 6.6 175.6 12.3

Apr 156.6 9.4 178.1 13.7

May 160.1 10.1 184.9 15.5

June 164.9 12.9 193.0 17.0

July 171.8 13.2 198.0 15.3

Average 159.7 9.1 180.1 12.8 203.8 15.6


Table 31
National Salary and Wage Rate Index
(2004/05=100)
(y-o-y)
Mid-January 2010
Weight 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10P Percentage Change
Groups/Sub-groups
% Dec/Jan Nov/Dec Dec/Jan Oct/Nov Nov/Dec Dec/Jan
S.No. 5 over 3 5 over 4 8 over 5 8 over 7
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Overall Index 100.0 124.8 141.3 144.0 165.9 165.9 169.5 15.4 1.9 17.7 2.2

1 Salary Index 27.0 118.2 133.1 133.1 157.0 157.0 157.0 12.6 0.0 18.0 0.0

Officers 9.8 121.0 129.7 129.7 150.2 150.2 150.2 7.2 0.0 15.8 0.0
Non Officers 17.2 116.6 135.0 135.0 160.9 160.9 160.9 15.8 0.0 19.2 0.0

1.1 Civil Service 2.8 135.8 173.9 173.9 199.3 199.3 199.3 28.1 0.0 14.6 0.0
Officers 0.3 137.3 153.5 153.5 171.5 171.5 171.5 11.8 0.0 11.7 0.0
Non Officers 2.5 135.6 176.3 176.3 202.7 202.7 202.7 30.0 0.0 15.0 0.0
1.2 Public Corporations 1.1 121.2 144.9 144.9 164.1 164.1 164.1 19.6 0.0 13.3 0.0
Officers 0.2 132.1 143.3 143.3 161.0 161.0 161.0 8.5 0.0 12.4 0.0
Non Officers 1.0 119.0 145.2 145.2 164.7 164.7 164.7 22.0 0.0 13.4 0.0
1.3 Bank & Financial Institutions 0.6 170.5 170.5 170.5 204.1 204.1 204.1 0.0 0.0 19.7 0.0
Officers 0.1 167.7 167.7 167.7 182.3 182.3 182.3 0.0 0.0 8.7 0.0
Non Officers 0.5 171.2 171.2 171.2 209.0 209.0 209.0 0.0 0.0 22.1 0.0
1.4 Army & Police Forces 4.0 121.8 159.4 159.4 180.2 180.2 180.2 30.9 0.0 13.0 0.0
Officers 0.2 127.5 142.5 142.5 152.2 152.2 152.2 11.8 0.0 6.8 0.0
Non Officers 3.8 121.5 160.2 160.2 181.5 181.5 181.5 31.9 0.0 13.3 0.0
1.5 Education 10.6 122.8 133.8 133.8 174.5 174.5 174.5 9.0 0.0 30.4 0.0
Officers 6.8 125.7 136.9 136.9 164.5 164.5 164.5 8.9 0.0 20.2 0.0
Non Officers 3.8 117.6 128.1 128.1 192.8 192.8 192.8 8.9 0.0 50.5 0.0
1.6 Private Institutions 7.9 99.8 99.8 99.8 102.5 102.5 102.5 0.0 0.0 2.7 0.0
Officers 2.2 100.6 100.6 100.6 101.4 101.4 101.4 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.0
Non Officers 5.7 99.5 99.5 99.5 102.9 102.9 102.9 0.0 0.0 3.4 0.0

2 Wage Rate Index 73.0 127.2 144.3 148.0 169.1 169.2 174.1 16.4 2.6 17.6 2.9

2.1 Agricultural Labourer 39.5 126.4 150.6 155.1 180.7 180.7 187.2 22.7 3.0 20.7 3.6
Male 20.5 124.8 150.8 155.1 185.3 185.3 189.1 24.3 2.9 21.9 2.1
Female 19.0 128.2 150.4 155.0 175.7 175.7 185.1 20.9 3.1 19.4 5.4
2.2 Industrial Labourer 25.3 130.9 137.1 140.2 156.4 156.4 159.6 7.1 2.3 13.8 2.0
High Skilled 6.3 121.7 126.8 129.3 142.5 142.5 147.2 6.2 2.0 13.8 3.3
Skilled 6.3 128.3 134.4 137.0 152.4 152.4 156.4 6.8 1.9 14.2 2.6
Semi Skilled 6.3 132.3 139.7 142.9 160.3 160.3 162.8 8.0 2.3 13.9 1.6
Unskilled 6.3 141.4 147.4 151.7 170.6 170.6 172.2 7.3 2.9 13.5 0.9
2.3 Construction Labourer 8.3 119.4 136.7 137.9 153.0 153.3 155.8 15.5 0.9 13.0 1.6
Mason 2.8 118.9 132.5 133.1 148.0 148.8 151.4 11.9 0.5 13.7 1.7
Skilled 1.4 117.6 130.1 130.4 147.2 147.2 149.5 10.9 0.2 14.6 1.6
Unskilled 1.4 120.2 134.9 135.8 148.7 150.4 153.4 13.0 0.7 13.0 2.0
Carpenter 2.8 114.1 128.3 128.8 142.8 142.8 143.3 12.9 0.4 11.3 0.4
Skilled 1.4 113.7 125.0 125.4 139.5 139.5 140.1 10.3 0.3 11.7 0.4
Unskilled 1.4 114.4 131.5 132.2 146.1 146.1 146.5 15.6 0.5 10.8 0.3
Worker 2.8 125.1 149.4 151.9 168.2 168.2 172.5 21.4 1.7 13.6 2.6
Male 1.4 121.2 148.5 150.9 166.8 166.8 170.3 24.5 1.6 12.9 2.1
Female 1.4 129.1 150.3 152.9 169.6 169.6 174.7 18.4 1.7 14.3 3.0

P : Provisional
Table 32
Government Budgetary Operation+
(On Cash Basis)
First Six Months
Rs in million
Amount Percent Change
Heads 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10P 2008/09 2009/10P
Sanctioned Expenditure 67654.2 79570.9 103178.7 17.6 29.7
Recurrent 44584.9 52298.8 71089.2 17.3 35.9
Capital 12930.6 12089.6 15675.4 -6.5 29.7
a.Domestic Resources & Loans 11494.4 10788.8 14277.9 -6.1 32.3
b.Foreign Grants 1436.2 1300.8 1397.5 - -
Principal Repayment 7760.1 10266.4 6234.8 32.3 -39.3
Others (Freeze Account) 2378.6 4916.1 10179.3 106.7 107.1
Unspent Government Balance 9370.8 14113.6 16888.0 50.6 19.7
Recurrent 6344.3 9054.3 10450.3 42.7 15.4
Capital 2647.2 4209.2 5127.3 59.0 21.8
Principal Repayment 379.3 850.1 1310.4 124.1 54.1
Actual Expenditure 58283.4 65457.3 86290.7 12.3 31.8
Recurrent 38240.6 43244.5 60638.9 13.1 40.2
Capital 10283.4 7880.4 10548.1 -23.4 33.9
Principal Repayment 7380.8 9416.3 4924.4 27.6 -47.7
Others (Freeze Account) 2378.6 4916.1 10179.3 106.7 107.1
Resources 55019.4 72878.8 96447.6 32.5 32.3
Revenue 47389.5 59481.6 79680.3 25.5 34.0
Foreign Grants 5222.2 10958.0 13068.4 109.8 19.3
Non-Budgetary Receipts,net 1426.8 1371.8 4046.0 -3.9 194.9
Others # -14.6 59.2 116.5 -505.5 96.8
V.A.T. 70.2 273.9 656.9 290.2 139.8
Local Authority Accounts 925.3 734.3 -1120.5 -20.6 -252.6
Deficit (-) Surplus (+) -3264.0 7421.5 10156.9 -327.4 36.9
Sources of Financing 3264.0 -7421.5 -10156.9 -327.4 36.9
Internal Loans 902.3 -10211.3 -12134.4 -1231.7 18.8
Domestic Borrowings 8200.0 8700.0 260.0 - -
a.Treasury Bills 5000.0 6000.0 260.0 - -
b.Development Bonds 2400.0 2000.0 0.0 - -
c.National Savings Certificates 0.0 0.0 0.0 - -
d. Citizen Saving Certificates 800.0 700.0 0.0 - -
Overdrafts++ -7073.4 -18647.7 -12259.4 163.6 -34.3
Others@ -224.3 -263.6 -135.0 17.5 -48.8
Foreign Loans 2361.7 2789.8 1977.5 18.1 -29.1

+ As per NRB records.


# Change in outstanding amount disbursed to VDC/DDC remaining unspent.
++ Minus (-) indicates surplus.
@ Interest from Government Treasury transactions and others.
P : Provisional.
Table 33
Government Revenue Collection
First Six Months

Rs in million Percent Change Composition

2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 P 2008/09 2009/10P 2008/09 2009/10

Value Added Tax 14927.9 17153.5 24615.9 14.9 43.5 28.8 30.9

Customs 9676.8 11106.8 16121.1 14.8 45.1 18.7 20.2

Income Tax 8399.0 11303.6 14924.4 34.6 32.0 19.0 18.7

Excise 4955.4 6598.5 11060.7 33.2 67.6 11.1 13.9

Registration Fee 1358.5 2278.5 2811.6 67.7 23.4 3.8 3.5

Vechile Tax 842.9 1555.4 1618.6 84.5 4.1 2.6 2.0

Educational Service Tax - - 85.4 - 0.1

Non-Tax Revenue 7229.0 9485.5 8442.6 31.2 -11.0 15.9 10.6

Total Revenue 47389.5 59481.7 79680.3 25.5 34.0 100.0 100.0


P: Provisional
Table 34
Fresh Treasury Bills
Rs. in million
Mid-Month 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10

August - - - - - -

September - - - 1,000.00 - -

October 500.00 1,185.00 - 875.00 - -

November 850.00 - 2,480.00 2,000.00 - -

December - - - - - -

January 850.00 1,950.00 - 1,125.00 6,000.00 260.00

February - - 1,000.00 1,000.00 -

March 141.20 - 2,180.00 - -

April 1,300.00 2,962.50 730.00 2,125.00 -

May 500.00 - - - -

June 1,000.00 2,000.00 - - -

July 330.00 2,736.70 5,661.58 4,375.00 -


Total 5,471.20 10,834.20 12,051.58 12,500.00 6,000.00 260.00
Table 35
Outstanding Domestic Debt of the GON

Rs in million
Amount Change
No. Name of Bonds/Ownership 2008 2009 2009 2010 Jan-Jul
Mid-Jul Mid-Jan Mid-Jul Mid-Jan 2008/09 2009/10
1 Treasury Bills 85033.0 86609.0 86515.1 86775.1 1576.0 260.0
a. Banking Sector 82545.4 83749.5 83603.4 82310.1 1204.2 -1293.4
i. Nepal Rastra Bank 17579.0 18245.0 22548.6 29188.9 666.0 6640.3
ii. Commercial Banks 64966.3 65504.5 61054.8 53121.2 538.2 -7933.7
b. Non-Banking Sector 2487.7 2859.5 2911.7 4465.0 371.8 1553.4
2 Development Bonds 21735.4 23735.4 29478.5 29478.5 2000.0 0.0
a. Banking Sector 7313.2 8265.1 11038.9 11077.3 951.9 38.3
i. Nepal Rastra Bank 296.5 303.4 302.2 305.6 6.9 3.3
ii. Commercial Banks 7016.7 7961.7 10736.7 10771.7 945.0 35.0
b. Non-Banking Sector 14422.3 15470.4 18439.6 18401.3 1048.1 -38.3
3 National Saving Certificates 1116.9 1116.9 216.9 216.9 0.0 0.0
a. Banking Sector 447.2 511.4 76.9 87.9 64.2 11.0
i. Nepal Rastra Bank 447.2 511.4 76.9 87.9 64.2 11.0
ii. Commercial Banks 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
b. Non-Banking Sector 669.8 605.5 140.0 129.0 -64.2 -11.0
4 Citizen Saving Bonds 3014.4 3466.6 4433.6 4433.6 452.2 0.0
a. Banking Sector 562.7 657.1 1155.1 1619.9 94.3 464.8
i. Nepal Rastra Bank 562.7 657.1 1155.1 1619.9 94.3 464.8
b. Non-Banking Sector 2451.6 2809.5 3278.5 2813.8 357.9 -464.8
5 Special Bonds 339.4 287.8 229.6 204.2 -51.6 -25.4
a. Banking Sector 157.6 157.6 157.6 157.6 0.0 0.0
i. Commercial Banks 157.6 157.6 157.6 157.6 0.0 0.0
b.Non-Banking Sector 181.8 130.2 72.0 46.6 -51.6 -25.4
(Of which duty drawback) 181.8 130.2 104.3 130.2 -51.6 25.9
6 Short Term Loan & Advances -3946.4 -22594.1 8835.8 -3423.6 -18647.7 -12259.4
Nepal Rastra Bank -3946.4 -22594.1 8835.8 -3423.6 -18647.7 -12259.4
7 Grand Total 107292.7 92621.6 129709.5 117684.7 -14671.1 -12024.8
a Banking Sector 87079.6 70746.6 104867.8 91829.1 -16333.1 -13038.7
i NRB 14939.0 -2877.3 32918.6 27778.7 -17816.3 -5140.0
ii. Commercial Banks 72140.6 73623.8 71949.1 64050.5 1483.2 -7898.7
b. Non-Banking Sector 20213.1 21875.1 24841.8 25855.6 1662.0 1013.8
Table 36
Direction of Foreign Trade*
First Six Months
Rs in million
Percent Change
2007/08 2008/09R 2009/10P
2008/09 2009/10

TOTAL EXPORTS 28655.1 35032.7 30808.5 22.3 -12.1

To India 19976.6 20232.7 19413.3 1.3 -4.0


To Other Countries 8678.5 14800.0 11395.2 70.5 -23.0

TOTAL IMPORTS 106507.9 134084.6 188807.8 25.9 40.8

From India 66105.5 74333.8 99071.6 12.4 33.3


From Other Countries 40402.4 59750.8 89736.2 47.9 50.2

TOTAL TRADE BALANCE -77852.8 -99051.9 -157999.3 27.2 59.5

With India -46128.9 -54101.1 -79658.3 17.3 47.2


With Other Countries -31723.9 -44950.8 -78341.0 41.7 74.3

TOTAL FOREIGN TRADE 135163.0 169117.3 219616.3 25.1 29.9

With India 86082.1 94566.5 118484.9 9.9 25.3


With Other Countries 49080.9 74550.8 101131.4 51.9 35.7

1. Ratio of export to import 26.9 26.1 16.3


India 30.2 27.2 19.6
Other Countries 21.5 24.8 12.7
2.Share in total export
India 69.7 57.8 63.0
Other Countries 30.3 42.2 37.0
3.Share in total import
India 62.1 55.4 52.5
Other Countries 37.9 44.6 47.5
4.Share in trade balance
India 59.3 54.6 50.4
Other Countries 40.7 45.4 49.6
5.Share in total trade
India 63.7 55.9 54.0
Other Countries 36.3 44.1 46.0
6. Share of export and import in total trade
Export 21.2 20.7 14.0
Import 78.8 79.3 86.0
* Based on customs data
P Provisional
R Revised
Table 37
Exports of Major Commodities to India
Rs. in million
First Six Months Percent Change
2007/08 2008/09 2009/10P 2008/09 2009/10
A. Major Commodities 16323.6 14185.3 14522.0 -13.1 2.4
1 Aluminium Section 333.9 259.5 185.1 -22.3 -28.7
2 Batica Hair Oil 0.0 2.2 24.3 - -
3 Biscuits 0.0 151.2 0.0 - -100.0
4 Brans 116.0 99.8 44.6 -14.0 -55.3
5 Brooms 18.1 4.3 20.8 -76.2 383.7
6 Cardamom 572.1 360.0 838.4 -37.1 132.9
7 Catechue 238.0 443.1 789.8 86.2 78.2
8 Cattlefeed 83.6 194.8 68.0 133.0 -65.1
9 Chemicals 199.0 149.9 13.5 -24.7 -91.0
10 Cinnamon 7.1 13.5 6.4 90.1 -52.6
11 Copper Wire Rod 329.6 485.5 518.4 47.3 6.8
12 Dried Ginger 24.7 42.1 32.8 70.4 -22.1
13 Fruits 0.1 69.4 1.8 - -97.4
14 G.I. pipe 147.3 520.8 284.5 253.6 -45.4
15 Ghee (Vegetable) 1477.3 4.2 0.0 -99.7 -100.0
16 Ghee(Clarified) 39.3 38.7 41.7 -1.5 7.8
17 Ginger 335.2 195.7 226.2 -41.6 15.6
18 Handicraft Goods 13.7 9.5 10.7 -30.7 12.6
19 Herbs 49.3 46.3 81.4 -6.1 75.8
20 Juice 879.0 877.7 856.5 -0.1 -2.4
21 Jute Goods 1418.3 397.0 1454.8 -72.0 266.4
(a) Hessian 322.6 82.5 203.7 -74.4 146.9
(b) Sackings 615.4 123.4 1035.6 -79.9 739.2
(c) Twines 480.3 191.1 215.5 -60.2 12.8
22 Live Animals 44.7 12.6 13.9 -71.8 10.3
23 M.S. Pipe 548.8 14.6 288.0 -97.3 -
24 Marble Slab 95.2 150.7 31.1 58.3 -79.4
25 Medicine (Ayurvedic) 86.8 145.7 77.6 67.9 -46.7
26 Mustard & Linseed 24.9 18.5 3.3 -25.7 -82.2
27 Noodles 248.9 394.2 336.6 58.4 -14.6
28 Oil Cakes 187.4 245.1 249.4 30.8 1.8
29 Paper 61.1 66.0 15.8 8.0 -76.1
30 Particle Board 67.9 60.2 40.8 -11.3 -32.2
31 Pashmina 0.6 33.9 44.3 - 30.7
32 Plastic Utensils 196.7 25.2 0.9 -87.2 -96.4
33 Polyster Yarn 1380.3 1213.0 2104.9 -12.1 73.5
34 Pulses 134.6 277.7 9.5 106.3 -96.6
35 Raw Jute 31.1 4.8 64.5 -84.6 -
36 Readymade garment 326.7 1075.0 179.1 229.0 -83.3
37 Ricebran Oil 99.3 38.1 68.8 -61.6 80.6
38 Rosin 159.1 148.7 148.5 -6.5 -0.1
39 Shoes and Sandles 204.9 568.5 297.7 177.5 -47.6
40 Skin 196.5 91.0 109.5 -53.7 20.3
41 Soap 221.5 307.6 209.6 38.9 -31.9
42 Stone and Sand 120.7 85.4 17.6 -29.2 -79.4
43 Tarpentine 32.5 37.5 31.9 15.4 -14.9
44 Textiles* 1206.2 1049.9 1336.0 -13.0 27.3
45 Thread 1839.1 1499.0 1280.8 -18.5 -14.6
46 Tooth Paste 32.7 391.0 273.7 - -30.0
47 Turmeric 0.0 0.5 1.8 - 260.0
48 Vegetable 15.5 66.6 13.4 329.7 -79.9
49 Wire 599.5 506.1 384.4 -15.6 -24.0
50 Zinc Oxide 0.0 0.0 0.0 - -
51 Zinc sheet 1878.8 1293.0 1388.9 -31.2 7.4
B. Others 3653.0 6047.4 4891.3 65.5 -19.1
Total(A+B) 19976.6 20232.7 19413.3 1.3 -4.0

* includes P.P. fabric


P=Provisional
Table 38
Exports of Major Commodities to Other Countries
Rs. in million
First Six Months Percent Change
2007/08 2008/09 2009/10P 2008/09 2009/10
A. Major Commodities 5419.9 10935.1 8828.1 101.8 -19.3
1 Handicraft ( Metal and Wooden ) 88.3 201.6 544.0 128.3 169.8
2 Herbs 44.8 237.4 175.4 429.9 -26.1
3 Nepalese Paper & Paper Products 26.5 176.3 398.1 565.3 125.8
4 Nigerseed 0.0 1.0 0.0 - -100.0
5 Pashmina 120.1 868.1 883.1 622.8 1.7
6 Pulses 345.6 3485.4 2463.3 908.5 -29.3
7 Readymade Garments 2256.3 2501.6 2020.9 10.9 -19.2
8 Readymade Leather Goods 13.5 5.2 12.3 -61.5 136.5
9 Silverware and Jewelleries 113.1 168.1 103.8 48.6 -38.3
10 Tanned Skin 67.5 160.4 134.2 137.6 -16.3
11 Tea 30.4 34.5 49.0 13.5 42.0
12 Woolen Carpet 2313.8 3095.5 2044.0 33.8 -34.0
B. Others 3258.6 3864.9 2567.1 18.6 -33.6
Total (A+B) 8678.5 14800.0 11395.2 70.5 -23.0
P=Provisional
Table 39
Imports of Major Commodities from India
Rs in million
First Six Months Percent Change
2007/08 2008/09 2009/10P 2008/09 2009/10
A. Major Commodities 51111.9 59839.7 77355.6 17.1 29.3
1 Agri. Equip.& Parts 893.4 944.5 2090.1 5.7 121.3
2 Almunium Bars, Rods, Profiles, Foil etc. 328.5 239.5 564.8 -27.1 135.9
3 Baby Food & Milk Products 139.3 226.1 332.7 62.3 47.1
4 Bitumen 104.3 28.1 139.0 -73.1 394.7
5 Books and Magazines 135.0 186.7 250.2 38.3 34.0
6 Cement 1301.1 1386.0 2002.3 6.5 44.5
7 Chemical Fertilizer 198.5 3.2 287.0 -98.4 -
8 Chemicals 1276.4 1333.1 1488.7 4.4 11.7
9 Coal 319.9 512.1 979.5 60.1 91.3
10 Coldrolled Sheet Incoil 1742.0 3783.0 2967.7 117.2 -21.6
11 Cooking Stoves 26.3 22.4 53.3 -14.8 137.9
12 Cosmetics 270.1 406.7 737.7 50.6 81.4
13 Cuminseeds and Peppers 111.0 131.2 114.8 18.2 -12.5
14 Dry Cell Battery 60.4 48.7 132.6 -19.4 172.3
15 Electrical Equipment 1437.7 1685.9 2708.7 17.3 60.7
16 Enamel & Other Paints 184.7 226.5 441.3 22.6 94.8
17 Fruits 337.8 214.3 86.1 -36.6 -59.8
18 Glass Sheet and G.Wares 458.0 400.6 549.1 -12.5 37.1
19 Hotrolled Sheet Incoil 2315.2 1101.7 2398.5 -52.4 117.7
20 Incense Sticks 201.0 69.1 64.1 -65.6 -7.2
21 Insecticides 335.0 134.0 236.7 -60.0 76.6
22 Live Animals 188.2 96.6 2.4 -48.7 -97.5
23 M.S. Billet 3591.6 2612.2 7849.0 -27.3 200.5
24 M.S. Wires, Rods, Incoils, Bars 844.7 1166.1 3438.0 38.1 194.8
25 Medicine 2689.3 3161.2 3923.1 17.5 24.1
26 Molasses Sugar 50.3 5.0 10.8 -90.1 116.0
27 Other Machinery & Parts 2413.2 3354.6 3944.1 39.0 17.6
28 Other Stationary Goods 127.8 169.6 133.8 32.7 -21.1
29 Paper 341.1 511.1 639.1 49.8 25.0
30 Petroleum Products 16750.8 22441.4 18384.6 34.0 -18.1
31 Pipe and Pipe Fittings 583.2 399.3 204.5 -31.5 -48.8
32 Plastic Utensils 45.1 55.8 77.7 23.7 39.2
33 Radio, TV, Deck & Parts 264.5 284.7 441.0 7.6 54.9
34 Raw Cotton 32.2 33.6 37.1 4.3 10.4
35 Readymade Garments 600.9 653.3 677.1 8.7 3.6
36 Rice 524.3 336.8 466.7 -35.8 38.6
37 Salt 59.7 125.0 80.3 109.4 -35.8
38 Sanitaryware 92.3 72.5 222.0 -21.5 206.2
39 Shoes & Sandles 53.1 59.3 75.0 11.7 26.5
40 Steel Sheet 0.1 0.0 0.0 -100.0 -
41 Sugar 7.6 333.1 471.6 - 41.6
42 Tea 13.2 22.2 12.9 68.2 -41.9
43 Textiles 877.7 1194.8 1322.5 36.1 10.7
44 Thread 1591.6 1285.6 1532.6 -19.2 19.2
45 Tobacco 348.3 449.1 827.4 28.9 84.2
46 Tyre, Tubes & Flapes 200.1 292.8 383.7 46.3 31.0
47 Vegetables 712.8 511.7 744.2 -28.2 45.4
48 Vehicles & Spare Parts 5366.1 7023.1 12535.0 30.9 78.5
49 Wire Products 566.7 105.9 294.5 -81.3 178.1
B. Others 14993.6 14494.1 21716.0 -3.3 49.8
Total (A+B) 66105.5 74333.8 99071.6 12.4 33.3
Table 40
Import of Major Commodities from Other Countries
Rs. in million
First Six Months Percent Change
2007/08 2008/09 2009/10P 2008/09 2009/10
A. Major Commodities 29845.4 45036.8 70968.4 50.9 57.6
1 Aircraft Spareparts 450.5 872.2 1303.7 93.6 49.5
2 Bags 36.9 52.9 56.0 43.4 5.9
3 Betelnut 600.5 816.3 1357.1 35.9 66.3
4 Button 9.2 1.6 2.1 -82.6 31.3
5 Camera 51.3 65.6 55.7 27.9 -15.1
6 Chemical Fertilizer 19.6 2.4 293.7 -87.8 -
7 Cigarette Paper 15.4 25.5 29.4 65.6 15.3
8 Clove 71.9 8.5 10.3 -88.2 21.2
9 Coconut Oil 2.6 4.5 10.2 73.1 126.7
10 Computer and Parts 921.3 1860.6 2564.5 102.0 37.8
11 Copper Wire Rod,Scrapes & Sheets 838.8 1238.5 790.8 47.7 -36.1
12 Cosmetic Goods 205.7 415.1 366.0 101.8 -11.8
13 Crude Coconut Oil 34.5 28.1 241.1 -18.6 758.0
14 Crude Palm Oil 3034.3 2063.5 801.3 -32.0 -61.2
15 Crude Soyabean Oil 870.8 1116.6 1642.0 28.2 47.1
16 Cuminseed 0.0 0.0 0.0 - -
17 Door Locks 6.7 19.8 27.6 195.5 39.4
18 Drycell Battery 380.8 70.8 5.3 -81.4 -92.5
19 Edible Oil 101.5 58.2 305.8 -42.7 425.4
20 Electrical Goods 2247.0 4360.0 3476.9 94.0 -20.3
21 Fastener 33.3 13.5 40.4 -59.5 199.3
22 Flash Light 6.7 0.1 30.5 -98.5 -
23 G.I.Wire 0.0 17.0 68.6 - 303.5
24 Glasswares 86.8 92.2 126.2 6.2 36.9
25 Gold 2181.9 8768.4 33606.2 301.9 283.3
26 Insecticides 11.0 76.0 33.8 590.9 -55.5
27 M.S. Billet 397.5 2512.1 67.4 532.0 -97.3
28 M.S.Wire Rod 169.5 202.7 310.1 19.6 53.0
29 Medical Equip.& Tools 514.9 715.4 1199.5 38.9 67.7
30 Medicine 510.5 952.7 1112.8 86.6 16.8
31 Office Equip.& Stationary 18.7 21.9 386.4 17.1 -
32 Other Machinary & Parts 2023.6 2941.4 3445.3 45.4 17.1
33 Other Stationaries 188.9 246.4 301.8 30.4 22.5
34 P.V.C.Compound 328.9 592.7 542.3 80.2 -8.5
35 Palm Oil 142.9 246.6 319.4 72.6 29.5
36 Parafin Wax 32.3 56.6 90.1 75.2 59.2
37 Petroleum Products 191.2 513.1 683.3 168.4 33.2
38 Pipe & Pipe Fittings 160.2 140.5 80.4 -12.3 -42.8
39 Polythene Granules 1731.5 1979.8 2907.0 14.3 46.8
40 Powder Milk 18.4 46.3 109.1 151.6 135.6
41 Raw Silk 2.5 41.0 31.8 - -22.4
42 Raw Wool 476.4 317.7 357.9 -33.3 12.7
43 Readymade Garments 918.0 733.0 528.1 -20.2 -28.0
44 Shoes and Sandals 336.7 201.6 264.1 -40.1 31.0
45 Silver 390.0 1040.0 609.5 166.7 -41.4
46 Small Cardamom 82.5 49.1 22.1 -40.5 -55.0
47 Steel Rod & Sheet 0.5 217.7 985.6 - 352.7
48 Storage Battery 35.0 77.8 409.7 122.3 426.6
49 Synthetic & Natural Rubber 103.1 93.8 33.9 -9.0 -63.9
50 Synthetic Carpet 54.3 71.0 183.7 30.8 158.7
51 Telecommunication Equip. Parts 2392.8 2078.3 3399.9 -13.1 63.6
52 Tello 232.5 77.6 100.8 -66.6 29.9
53 Textile Dyes 658.3 508.0 17.2 -22.8 -96.6
54 Textiles 921.3 1174.2 690.9 27.5 -41.2
55 Threads 637.5 503.6 968.2 -21.0 92.3
56 Toys 35.2 43.1 94.9 22.4 120.2
57 Transport Equip.& Parts 2028.9 2519.3 1851.8 24.2 -26.5
58 Tyre,Tube & Flaps 34.0 111.4 170.8 227.6 53.3
59 Umbrella and Parts 5.6 33.3 28.4 494.6 -14.7
60 Video Television & Parts 1017.5 952.9 556.6 -6.3 -41.6
61 Watches & Bands 69.0 64.5 83.3 -6.5 29.1
62 Writing & Printing Paper 428.5 667.6 530.7 55.8 -20.5
63 X-Ray Film 104.6 34.3 73.1 -67.2 113.1
64 Zinc Ingot 232.7 209.9 175.3 -9.8 -16.5
B. Others 10557.0 14714.0 18767.8 39.4 27.6
Total (A+B) 40402.4 59750.8 89736.2 47.9 50.2
P=Provisional
Table 41
Summary of Balance of Payments Presentation

Rs in million
% Change
2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 P
Particulars During 6 months
6 Months Annual 6 Months Annual 6 Months 2008/09 2009/10 P
A. Current Account -10067.3 23679.6 16726.1 41437.3 -24392.1 -266.1 -245.8
Goods: Exports f.o.b. 29863.9 61971.1 36537.7 69906.8 31797.8 22.3 -13.0
Oil 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 - -
Other 29863.9 61971.1 36537.7 69906.8 31797.8 22.3 -13.0
Goods: Imports f.o.b. -104586.0 -217962.8 -131809.8 -279227.8 -184856.0 26.0 40.2
Oil -16750.8 -40815.7 -22441.4 -41356.7 -18384.6 34.0 -18.1
Other -87835.2 -177147.1 -109368.4 -237871.1 -166471.4 24.5 52.2
Balance on Goods -74722.1 -155991.7 -95272.1 -209321.0 -153058.2 27.5 60.7
Services: Net -9085.6 -11092.0 -6887.3 -10478.0 -6664.8 -24.2 -3.2
Services: credit 17770.8 42236.1 25994.3 52830.1 23766.8 46.3 -8.6
Travel 7728.7 18653.1 12520.0 27959.8 13292.5 62.0 6.2
Government n.i.e. 5630.4 13301.8 8289.8 12734.4 3679.0 47.2 -55.6
Other 4411.7 10281.2 5184.5 12135.9 6795.3 17.5 31.1
Services: debit -26856.4 -53328.1 -32881.6 -63308.1 -30431.6 22.4 -7.5
Transportation -11771.0 -22675.9 -12093.8 -22116.2 -6580.2 2.7 -45.6
Travel -10053.9 -20862.0 -15857.5 -31396.3 -18052.4 57.7 13.8
O/W Education -4218.5 -7373.0 -6335.6 -12126.0 -8449.1 50.2 33.4
Government services:debit -342.9 -635.7 -525.2 -980.4 -639.6 53.2 21.8
Other -5031.5 -9790.2 -4930.3 -9795.6 -5799.0 -2.0 17.6
Balance on Goods and Services -83807.7 -167083.7 -102159.4 -219799.0 -159723.0 21.9 56.3
Income: Net 2378.8 7946.8 4762.9 11749.5 5271.0 100.2 10.7
Income: credit 4988.1 13447.7 7781.0 16506.6 7574.8 56.0 -2.7
Income: debit -2609.3 -5500.9 -3018.1 -4757.1 -2303.8 15.7 -23.7
Balance on Goods,Services and Income -81428.9 -159136.9 -97396.5 -208049.5 -154452.0 19.6 58.6
Transfers: Net 71361.6 182816.5 114122.6 249486.8 130059.9 59.9 14.0
Current transfers: credit 72585.7 185462.9 116342.0 257461.3 132839.0 60.3 14.2
Grants 5699.4 20993.2 14471.1 26796.2 11767.6 153.9 -18.7
Workers' remittances 57058.3 142682.7 94301.9 209698.5 106189.9 65.3 12.6
Pensions 7980.6 18789.9 6221.4 17755.4 13653.0 -22.0 119.5
Other (Indian Excise Refund) 1847.4 2997.1 1347.6 3211.2 1228.5 -27.1 -8.8
Current transfers: debit -1224.1 -2646.4 -2219.4 -7974.5 -2779.1 81.3 25.2
B Capital Account (Capital Transfer) 2725.0 7912.5 2536.6 6231.0 6463.9 -6.9 154.8
Total, Groups A plus B -7342.3 31592.1 19262.7 47668.3 -17928.2 -362.4 -193.1
C Financial Account (Excluding Group E) 2774.6 11032.6 17400.6 18049.8 -8130.3 527.1 -146.7
Direct investment in Nepal 28.9 293.9 -194.5 1829.2 966.4 -773.0 -596.9
Portfolio Investment 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 - -
Other investment: assets -2933.9 -11396.1 502.1 -17675.1 -4130.9 -117.1 -922.7
Trade credits -855.1 853.2 1279.9 -3024.2 -1533.8 -249.7 -219.8
Other -2078.8 -12249.3 -777.8 -14650.9 -2597.1 -62.6 233.9
Other investment: liabilities 5679.6 22134.8 17093.0 33895.7 -4965.8 201.0 -129.1
Trade credits 6793.7 12483.6 8248.7 19554.6 1720.6 21.4 -79.1
Loans -1247.3 3391.5 -1886.1 -2899.0 -1527.4 51.2 -19.0
General Government -1224.1 3455.9 -1831.1 -2832.4 -1519.9 49.6 -17.0
Drawings 2362.5 11325.5 2905.1 7287.9 3771.8 23.0 29.8
Repayments -3586.6 -7869.6 -4736.2 -10120.3 -5291.7 32.1 11.7
Other sectors -23.2 -64.4 -55.0 -66.6 -7.5 137.1 -86.4
Currency and deposits 133.2 6259.7 10730.4 17240.1 -5159.0 7955.9 -148.1
Nepal Rastra Bank -4.8 -5.6 -3.1 -84.1 -86.9 -35.4 2703.2
Deposit money banks 138.0 6265.3 10733.5 17324.2 -5072.1 7677.9 -147.3
Other liabilities 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 - -
Total, Group A through C -4567.7 42624.7 36663.3 65718.1 -26058.5 -902.7 -171.1
D. Miscellaneous Items, Net 2748.5 -6690.3 2600.9 -7198.3 1109.6 -5.4 -57.3
Total, Group A through D -1819.2 35934.4 39264.2 58519.8 -24948.9 -2258.3 -163.5
E. Reserves and Related Items 1819.2 -35934.4 -39264.2 -58519.8 24948.9 -2258.3 -163.5
Reserve assets 751.6 -37002.0 -39264.2 -58519.8 24948.9 -5324.1 -163.5
Nepal Rastra Bank 1440.7 -29636.8 -27009.4 -45751.3 19024.6 -1974.7 -170.4
Deposit money banks -689.1 -7365.2 -12254.8 -12768.5 5924.3 1678.4 -148.3
Use of Fund Credit and Loans 1067.6 1067.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 -100.0 -
Changes in reserve net ( - increase ) 1952.4 -29674.7 -28533.8 -41279.7 19789.9 -1561.5 -169.4
Table 42

Import from India Against US Dollar Payment


Rs. in million

Mid-Month 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10

August 728.7 726.1 980.1 957.5 2133.8 3417.4 5512.0

September 980.1 1117.4 977.6 1208.0 1655.2 2820.1 5885.0

October 1114.2 1316.8 907.9 865.7 2411.6 1543.5 5268.0

November 1019.2 1186.5 1103.2 1188.3 2065.7 1571.4 5329.0

December 1354.5 1205.8 1583.7 1661.4 2859.9 2301.6 5972.4

January 996.9 1394.9 1156.2 1644.0 3805.5 2016.8 6159.3

February 1503.6 1154.4 603.8 717.0 2962.1 2007.5

March 1717.9 1107.8 603.0 1428.5 1963.1 2480.1

April 2060.5 1567.2 1398.6 2052.9 3442.1 3768.2

May 1309.9 1830.8 916.4 2714.8 3420.2 3495.0

June 1455.4 1825.2 1181.5 1711.2 2205.7 3452.1

July 1016.0 1900.2 1394.0 1571.8 3091.4 4253.1

Total 15256.9 16333.1 12805.9 17720.9 32016.4 33126.8 34125.8


Table 43
Gross Foreign Exchange Holding of the Banking Sector
Rs in million
Percent Change
Mid-Jul Mid-Jan Mid-Jul Mid-Jan Mid-Jul To Mid-Jan
2008 2009 2009 2010E 2008/09 2009/10

Nepal Rastra Bank 169683.6 199218.3 224190.3 190882.2 17.4 -14.9


Convertible 142848.8 176957.9 201756.0 160730.5 23.9 -20.3
Inconvertible 26834.8 22260.4 22434.3 30151.7 -17.0 34.4

Commercial Bank 42939.9 55274.1 55795.3 49953.2 28.7 -10.5


Convertible 38827.1 51305.3 52200.4 46174.3 32.1 -11.5
Inconvertible 4112.8 3968.8 3594.9 3778.9 -3.5 5.1

Total Reserve 212623.5 254492.4 279985.6 240835.4 19.7 -14.0

Convertible 181675.9 228263.2 253956.4 206904.8 25.6 -18.5


Share in total (in percent) 85.4 89.7 90.7 85.9
Inconvertible 30947.6 26229.2 26029.2 33930.6 -15.2 30.4
Share in total (in percent) 14.6 10.3 9.3 14.1
Import Capacity(Equivalent Months)
Merchandise 11.5 11.4 12.0 7.8
Merchandise and Services 9.3 9.1 9.8 6.7
1.Gross Foreign Exchange Reserve 212623.5 254492.4 279985.6 240835.4 19.7 -14.0
2.Gold,SDR,IMF Gold Tranche 630.6 654.4 555.3 6489.8 3.8 1068.7
3.Gross Foreign Assets(1+2) 213254.1 255146.8 280540.9 247325.2 19.6 -11.8
4.Foreign Liabilities 41798.7 52778.9 59457.4 53957.2 26.3 -9.3
5.Net Foreign Assets(3-4) 171455.4 202367.9 221083.5 193368.0 18.0 -12.5
6.Change in NFA (before adj. ex. val.)* -39545.9 -30912.5 -49628.1 27715.5 - -
7.Exchange Valuation 9871.4 2378.6 8348.4 -7925.7 - -
8.Change in NFA (6+7)** -29674.5 -28533.9 -41279.7 19790.0 - -
Sources: Nepal Rastra Bank and Commercial Banks; E estimated.
* Change in NFA is derived by taking mid-July as base and minus (-) sign indicates increase.
* * After adjusting exchange valuation gain/loss
Period-end Buying Rate (Rs./USD) 68.50 77.75 78.05 72.60
Table 44
Gross Foreign Exchange Holding of the Banking Sector
US$ in million
Percent Change
Mid-Jul Mid-Jan Mid-Jul Mid-Jan Mid-Jul To Mid-Jan
2008 2009 2009 2010E 2008/09 2009/10

Nepal Rastra Bank 2477.1 2562.3 2872.4 2629.2 3.4 -8.5


Convertible 2085.4 2276.0 2585.0 2213.9 9.1 -14.4
Inconvertible 391.7 286.3 287.4 415.3 -26.9 44.5

Commercial Bank 626.9 710.9 714.9 688.1 13.4 -3.7


Convertible 566.8 659.9 668.8 636.0 16.4 -4.9
Inconvertible 60.0 51.0 46.1 52.1 -15.0 13.0

Total Reserve 3104.0 3273.2 3587.3 3317.3 5.5 -7.5

Convertible 2652.2 2935.9 3253.8 2849.9 10.7 -12.4


Share in total (in percent) 85.4 89.7 90.7 85.9
Inconvertible 451.8 337.4 333.5 467.4 -25.3 40.1
Share in total (in percent) 14.6 10.3 9.3 14.1
Import Capacity(Equivalent Months)
Merchandise 11.5 11.4 12.0 7.8
Merchandise and Services 9.3 9.1 9.8 6.7
1.Gross Foreign Exchange Reserve 3104.0 3273.2 3587.3 3317.3 5.5 -7.5
2.Gold,SDR,IMF Gold Tranche 9.2 8.4 7.1 89.4 -8.6 1156.4
3.Gross Foreign Assets(1+2) 3113.2 3281.6 3594.4 3406.7 5.4 -5.2
4.Foreign Liabilities 610.2 678.8 761.8 743.2 11.2 -2.4
5.Net Foreign Assets(3-4) 2503.0 2602.8 2832.6 2663.5 4.0 -6.0
6.Change in NFA (6+7)** -433.2 -367.0 -528.9 272.6 - -
Sources: Nepal Rastra Bank and Commercial Banks; E estimated.
* Change in NFA is derived by taking mid-July as base and minus (-) sign indicates increase.
* * After adjusting exchange valuation gain/loss
Period-end Buying Rate (Rs./USD) 68.50 77.75 78.05 72.60
Table 45
Exchange Rate of US Dollar (NRs/US$)

Month End* Monthly Average*


FY Mid-Month Average Average
Buying Selling Middle Buying Selling Middle
Rate Rate

2007/08 August 65.87 66.46 66.17 64.90 65.49 65.20


September 65.00 65.59 65.30 65.59 66.18 65.89
October 63.20 63.80 63.50 63.72 64.31 64.02
November 63.05 63.65 63.35 63.24 63.84 63.54
December 63.25 63.85 63.55 63.35 63.95 63.65
January 62.90 63.50 63.20 63.18 63.78 63.48
February 63.35 63.95 63.65 63.12 63.72 63.42
March 64.49 65.09 64.79 63.93 64.53 64.23
April 63.85 64.45 64.15 64.21 64.81 64.51
May 67.00 67.60 67.30 64.59 65.19 64.89
June 68.45 69.05 68.75 68.21 68.81 68.51
July 68.50 69.10 68.80 68.58 69.18 68.88
Annual Average 64.91 65.51 65.21 64.72 65.32 65.02

2008/09 August 68.55 69.15 68.85 67.78 68.38 68.08


September 73.25 73.85 73.55 70.54 71.14 70.84
October 77.40 78.00 77.70 74.75 75.35 75.05
November 78.70 79.30 79.00 78.14 78.67 78.40
December 77.30 77.90 77.60 79.08 79.68 79.38
January 77.75 78.35 78.05 77.00 77.60 77.30
February 77.70 78.30 78.00 78.05 78.65 78.35
March 82.55 83.15 82.85 80.46 81.06 80.76
April 79.65 80.25 79.95 80.77 81.37 81.07
May 79.15 79.75 79.45 79.39 79.99 79.69
June 75.60 76.20 75.90 75.99 76.62 76.31
July 78.05 78.65 78.35 77.02 77.62 77.32
Annual Average 77.14 77.74 77.44 76.58 77.18 76.88

2009/10 August 77.00 77.60 77.30 76.84 77.44 77.14


September 77.50 78.10 77.80 77.64 78.24 77.94
October 73.66 74.26 73.96 75.62 76.22 75.92
November 74.00 74.60 74.30 74.41 75.01 74.71
December 74.44 75.04 74.74 74.07 74.67 74.37
January 72.6 73.2 72.9 73.94 74.54 74.24

Table 46
Price of Oil and Gold in the International Market

Percent Change
Mid-July Mid-Jan
Jul-Jul Jan-Jan
2007 2008 2009 2008 2009 2010 2008 2009 2009 2010
Oil ($/barrel)* 79.73 143.25 61.53 93.97 43.31 77.73 79.7 -57.0 -53.9 79.5
Gold ($/ounce)** 666.00 986.00 938.00 902.00 826.50 1138.25 48.0 -4.9 -8.4 37.7

*Crude Oil Brent


** Refers to past London historical fix.
Sources: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/international/crude1.xls and http://www.kitco.com/gold.londonfix.html