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ESCUELA SUPERIOR DE RESONANCIA MAGNTICA CLNICA

ACRNIMOS RM
TIPO DE SECUENCIA
Spin Echo
Gradient Echo

SIEMENS
SE
GRE

GE
SE
GRE

PHILIPS
SE
FFE

Spoiled Gradient Echo

FLASH

SPGR

T1-FFE

Coherent Gradient Echo

FISP

GRASS

FFE

Steady-State Free Precession

PSIF

SSFP

T2-FFE

TrueFISP

FIESTA

Balanced FFE

True FISP/Dual Excitation

CISS

FIESTA-C

Double Echo Steady State


Multi-Echo Data Image
Combination

DESS

True FISP

Ultrafast Gradient Echo

MEDIC
TurboFLASH

Ultrafast Gradient Echo 3D

MPRAGE

Volume Interpolated GRE


Body Diffusion
Susceptibility-Weighted Imaging
Dynamic MRA with k-space
Manipulation
High-Resolution Bilateral Breast
Imaging
Non-contrast MR Angio, TSEbased
Non-contrast MR Angio, TrueFISPbased
Parametric Mapping
Inversion Recovery
Short Tau IR
Long Tau IR
True IR
Turbo Spin Echo/Fast Spin Echo
Single-Shot TSE/FSE

VIBE
REVEAL
SWI

MERGE
Fast GRE, Fast
SPGR
3D FGRE, 3D Fast
SPGR
LAVA-XV
(SWAN)

TWIST

TRICKS-XV

VIEWS

VIBRANT-XV

NATIVE-SPACE
NATIVE-TrueFISP

Inhance Inflow IR

MapIT
IR,Turbo IR (TIR)
STIR
Turbo Dark Fluid
True IR
TSE
HASTE

CartiGram
IR, MPIR, FastIR
STIR
FLAIR

FSE/TSE with 90 Flip-Back Pulse

RESTORE

Hyper Echoes
3D TSE with Variable Flip Angle
Number of Echoes Echo
Time Between Echoes
Echo Planar Imaging (EPI)
Number of Echoes
Diffusion-Weighted Imaging
Apparent Diffusion Coefficient Map
Diffusion Tensor Imaging
DTI Tractography (Fiber Tracking)
Turbo Gradient Spin Echo
(GRASE)
1D Navigators for Cardiac Imaging
2D Navigators for Abdomen
3D Prospective Motion Correction
for fMRI
3D Retrospective Motion
Correction for fMRI
Motion Correction with Radial
Blades
Soft Tissue Motion Correction

Hyperecho
SPACE
Turbo Factor
Echo Spacing
EPI
EPI Factor
DWI
ADC
DTI
DTI Tractography

FSE
Single-Shot FSE
Fast Recovery
FSE (FRFSE)
CUBE
Train Length (ETL)
Echo Spacing
EPI
ETL
DWI
ADC
DTI
FiberTrak

TurboGSE, TGSE
1D PACE
2D PACE

HITACHI
SE
GE
RF Spoiled
SARGE, RSSG
Rephased SARGE
Time-Reversed
SARGE
Balanced SARGE,
BASG
Phase Balanced
SARGE, PBSG

TOSHIBA
SE
Field Echo
FastFE
SSFP

True SSFP

M-FFE
TFE

RGE

Fast FE

3D TFE

MPRAGE

3D Fast FE

THRIVE
DWIBS
(Venous BOLD)
Keyhole (4DTRAK)

TIGRE
Body Vision

BLISS

RADIANCE

TRANCE

VASC FSE

FBI, CIA

B-TRANCE

VASC ASL

Time-SLIP

IR-TSE
STIR
FLAIR
Real IR
TSE
Single-Shot TSE

IR
STIR
FLAIR

IR
FastSTIR
FastFLAIR
FastIR
FSE
FASE

DRIVE
VISTA
Turbo Factor
Echo Spacing
EPI
EPI Factor
DWI
ADC
DTI
FiberTrak

FSE
Single-Shot FSE
Driven Equillibrium
FSE

Shot Factor
Interecho Time
EPI
Shot Factor
DWI
ADC Map

GRASE

T2 Puls FSE

Echo Train Length


Echo Spacing
EPI
Echo Train Length
DWI
ADC
DTI
Hybrid EPI

Navigators
Navigators

3D PACE
3D ART
BLADE
BRACE

PROPELLER

MultiVane

RADAR

JET

ESCUELA SUPERIOR DE RESONANCIA MAGNTICA CLNICA


ACRNIMOS RM

Parallel Acquisition Techniques


PAT: Image-based Algorithm
PAT: k-space-based Algorithm

SIEMENS
iPAT
mSENSE
GRAPPA

Integrated Calibration

Auto-Calibration

Separate Calibration

Turbo-Calibration

Multiple datasets calibrate each other

Self-Calibration, TPAT

Spectroscopy
Prostate Spectroscopy
Breast Spectroscopy
Comprehensive Cardiac Tool
Patient Orientation Sequence
Contrast Bolus Timing/Visualization
Sequence Parameters
Repetition Time, Echo Time (in msec)
Inversion Time (in msec)
Averages
Simultaneous Excitation
RF Pulse in Gradient Echo
Scan Measurement Time
Distance Between Slices

3D CSI
GRACE
BEAT (2D/3D)
Localizer, Scout
CARE Bolus

TI
Average
Simultaneous
Excitation
Flip Angle
Acquisition Time, TA
Distance Factor (%
of slice thickness)

GE

PHILIPS

HITACHI

TOSHIBA

ASSET
ARC
Self-Calibration (with
ARC)
(Calibration for
ASSET)

SENSE

RAPID

SPEEDER

(Calibration for
SENSE) / CLEAR

(Calibration for
RAPID)

(Calibration for
SPEEDER)

Plan Scan

Scanogram

Locator

BolusTrak

FLUTE

Visual Prep

TR, TE
TI
NSA

TR, TE
TI
NSA

TR, TE
TI
NSA

PROSE
BREASE
Localizer
Smart Prep;
FluoroTriggered
MRA
TR, TE
TI
NEX
POMP (Phase Offset
Multiplanar)
Flip Angle
Acquisition Time

Multi-Slice

Dual Slice

QuadScan

Flip Angle
Acquisition Time

Flip Angle
Scan Time

Flip Angle
Acquisition Time

Gap

Gap

Slice Interval

Gap

Shifting Slices Off Center

Off-center Shift

Off-center

Off-center FoV

Off-center FoV

FoV Field of View (FoV)

FoV [mm]
FoV
Phase/Rectangular
FoV

FoV [cm]

FoV [mm]

FoV

Phase & Frequency


Shift
FoV

Partial FoV (PFoV)

Rectangular FoV

Rectangular FoV

Rectangular FoV

Bandwidth [Hz/Px]

Receive Bandwidth
[kHz]

Bandwidth

Bandwidth

Optimized bandwidth

Variable Bandwidth

Variable Bandwidth

Matched Bandwidth

Oversampling

Anti-Aliasing

Frequency
Oversampling

Frequency Wrap
Suppression

Phase Oversampling

No Phase Wrap

Anti-Wrap Phase

Wrap Suppression

Lines/Segments
Time Delay

Views per segment


Intersegment Delay
1/2 NEX; fractional
NEX
Partial Echo
Flow Comp
Ramped Pulse
MTC
Fat Sat/Chem Sat
IDEAL
SAT

Fat/Water Shift
[pixel]
Optimized
Bandwidth
Frequency
Oversampling
Fold-over
Suppression
Views/Segment
TD

Rectangular FoV
Bandwidth
Variable Bandwidth
Frequency Oversampling
Phase Oversampling
Segmented k-Space
Time Delay/Block k-space
Half Fourier Imaging
Partial Echo
Gradient Moment Nulling
Ramped RF Pulse
Magnetization Transfer Contrast
Prep Pulse Chemically
Water Excitation
Fat-Water separation
Prep Pulse - Spatially
Moving Sat Pulse

Half Fourier
Asymmetric Echo
GMR/Flow Comp
TONE
MTC; MTS
Fat Sat
Water Excitation
DIXON
Presat
Travel Sat; Tracking
Sat

Walking Sat

Scan Synchronization with ECG

ECG Triggered

Delay after R-Wave


Respiratory Gating
Multi-Channel RF Coil Sensitivity
Normalization
Central k-space Filling Arterial
Visualization

Trigger Delay; TD
Respiratory Gated

Cardiac
Gated/Triggering
Trigger Delay; TD
Respiratory Comp

Prescan Normalize

PURE

Elliptical Scanning

Elliptic Centric

Segments
TD

Half Scan

Half Scan

AFI

Partial Echo
Flow Comp; Flag
TONE
MTC
SPIR
Proset

Matched Bandwidth
FC
ISCE
SORS-STC
MSOFT
PASTA

REST

Half Echo
GR
SSP
MTC
Fat Sat
Water Excitation
FatSep
Pre Sat

Travel REST

Sequential Pre Sat

BFAST

ECG Triggered/VCG

ECG Triggered

Cardiac Gated

Trigger Delay; TD
Trigger; PEAR

Delay Time
MAR

Trigger Delay; TD
Respiratory Gated

CLEAR

NATURAL

CENTRA

PEAKS

Pre Sat

DRKS